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Number of Authors: 13
2016 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 821, no 2, 119Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Searches for circumstellar material around Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) are some of the most powerful tests of the nature of SN Ia progenitors, and radio observations provide a particularly sensitive probe of this material. Here, we report radio observations for SNe. Ia and their lower-luminosity thermonuclear cousins. We present the largest, most sensitive, and spectroscopically diverse study of prompt (Delta t less than or similar to 1 years) radio observations of 85 thermonuclear SNe, including 25 obtained by our team with the unprecedented depth of the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array. With these observations, SN 2012cg joins SN 2011fe and SN 2014J as an SN. Ia with remarkably deep radio limits and excellent temporal coverage (six epochs, spanning 5-216 days after explosion, implying <(M)over dot>/v(w) less than or similar to 5 x 10(-9) M-circle dot yr(-1)/100 km s(-1), assuming epsilon(B) = 0.1 and epsilon(e) = 0.1). All observations yield non-detections, placing strong constraints on the presence of circumstellar material. We present analytical models for the temporal and spectral evolution of prompt radio emission from thermonuclear SNe as expected from interaction with either wind-stratified or uniform density media. These models allow us to constrain the progenitor mass loss rates, with limits in the range of <(M)over dot> less than or similar to 10(-9) - 10(-4) M-circle dot yr(-1), assuming a wind velocity of v(w) = 100 km s(-1). We compare our radio constraints with measurements of Galactic symbiotic binaries to conclude that less than or similar to 10% of thermonuclear SNe have red giant companions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 821, no 2, 119
Keyword [en]
binaries: general, circumstellar matter, radio continuum: stars, supernovae: general, supernovae: individual (SN 2012cg)
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-132006DOI: 10.3847/0004-637X/821/2/119ISI: 000377102700048OAI: diva2:952112
Available from: 2016-08-11 Created: 2016-07-05 Last updated: 2016-08-11Bibliographically approved

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