Lactobacilli Reduce Helicobacter pylori Attachment to Host Gastric Epithelial Cells by Inhibiting Adhesion Gene Expression
Number of Authors: 10
2016 (English)In: Infection and Immunity, ISSN 0019-9567, E-ISSN 1098-5522, Vol. 84, no 5, 1526-1535 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The human gastrointestinal tract, including the harsh environment of the stomach, harbors a large variety of bacteria, of which Lactobacillus species are prominent members. The molecular mechanisms by which species of lactobacilli interfere with pathogen colonization are not fully characterized. In this study, we aimed to study the effect of lactobacillus strains upon the initial attachment of Helicobacter pylori to host cells. Here we report a novel mechanism by which lactobacilli inhibit adherence of the gastric pathogen H. pylori. In a screen with Lactobacillus isolates, we found that only a few could reduce adherence of H. pylori to gastric epithelial cells. Decreased attachment was not due to competition for space or to lactobacillus-mediated killing of the pathogen. Instead, we show that lactobacilli act on H. pylori directly by an effector molecule that is released into the medium. This effector molecule acts on H. pylori by inhibiting expression of the adhesin-encoding gene sabA. Finally, we verified that inhibitory lactobacilli reduced H. pylori colonization in an in vivo model. In conclusion, certain Lactobacillus strains affect pathogen adherence by inhibiting sabA expression and thereby reducing H. pylori binding capacity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 84, no 5, 1526-1535 p.
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Microbiology in the medical area
Research subject Molecular Bioscience
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-132000DOI: 10.1128/IAI.00163-16ISI: 000377106600026PubMedID: 26930708OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-132000DiVA: diva2:952425