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The Bearings from Rare-Earth (RE = La, Lu, Sc, Y) Cations on the Oxygen Environments in Aluminosilicate Glasses: A Study by Solid State O-17 NMR, Molecular Dynamics Simulations, and DFT Calculations
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
Number of Authors: 3
2016 (English)In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 120, no 24, 13181-13198 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aluminosilicate (AS) glasses incorporating trivalent cations of rare-earth (RE) elements exhibit a significant structural disorder and manifest building blocks incommensurate with conventional glass structure models. We present a comprehensive experimental and computational study of the O speciations in RE2O3-Al2O3-SiO2 glasses with RE = {La3+, Y3+, Lu3+, Sc3+}, where the cations are ordered according to increasing field-strength. The coexisting O-17([p])-Sip-mAlm moieties were quantified by magic-angle-spinning (MAS) O-17 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments and atomistic molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Experimental O-17 quadrupolar products ((C) over bar (Qn)) and isotropic chemical shifts ((delta) over bar (iso)) agreed well with predictions from density functional theory with the projector augmented wave (PAW) and gauge including PAW approaches, respectively. We highlight an observed strong influence of both {(delta) over bar (iso), (C) over bar (Qn)} NMR parameters on the average number of O-17([p])-RE3+ contacts ((q) over bar) and establish simple correlations between g and each of Sisc, and CQ, that encompass mA.1, moieties with 1 < p < 3. The quadrupolar product of each O-[p]-Sip-mAlm motif depends linearly on the all fractional ionicity of,the bonds to the 170 site, which is readily calculated from the parameter set {m, p, (q) over bar} with (q) over bar extracted from the MD-generated glass models. We rationalize and discuss the stability of each O[p]-Sip-mAlm moiety using bond valence sums evaluated on the MD-derived RE AS glass models: all comprise non-negligible populations of unconventional 0 species, such as free O2- ions (O-[0] coordinations), and oxygen triclusters (O-[3]-SiAl2 and O-[3]-Al-3). The triclusters preferentially connect high-coordination Al-[5]/Al-[6] species via edge-sharing, where the participation in corner or edge shared polyhedra is reflected in the {(delta) over bar (iso), (C) over bar (Qn)} O-17 NMR parameters.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 120, no 24, 13181-13198 p.
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Chemical Sciences Nano Technology Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-132394DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b02032ISI: 000378663800028OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-132394DiVA: diva2:952632
Available from: 2016-08-15 Created: 2016-08-11 Last updated: 2016-08-15Bibliographically approved

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Jaworski, AleksanderStevensson, BaltzarEdén, Mattias
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