Energy projection and modified Laughlin states
Number of Authors: 4
2016 (English)In: Physical Review B, ISSN 2469-9950, Vol. 93, no 23, 235149Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We develop a method to efficiently calculate trial wave functions for quantum Hall systems which involve projection onto the lowest Landau level. The method essentially replaces the lowest Landau level projection by projection onto the M lowest eigenstates of a suitably chosen Hamiltonian acting within the lowest Landau level. The resulting energy projection is a controlled approximation to the exact lowest Landau level projection which improves with increasing M. It allows us to study the projected trial wave functions for system sizes close to the maximal sizes that can be reached by exact diagonalization and can be straightforwardly applied in any geometry. As a first application and test case, we study a class of trial wave functions first proposed by Girvin and Jach [Girvin and Jach, Phys. Rev. B 29, 5617 (1984)], which are modifications of the Laughlin states involving a single real parameter. While these modified Laughlin states probably represent the same universality class exemplified by the Laughlin wave functions, we show by extensive numerical work for systems on the sphere and torus that they provide a significant improvement of the variational energy, overlap with the exact wave function and properties of the entanglement spectrum.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 93, no 23, 235149
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-132393DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.93.235149ISI: 000378373800001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-132393DiVA: diva2:952639