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Vigilance adjustments in relation to long- and short term risk in wild fallow deer (Dama dama)
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
Number of Authors: 3
2016 (English)In: Behavioural Processes, ISSN 0376-6357, Vol. 128, 58-63 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The risk allocation hypothesis predicts that vigilance should be adjusted to the temporal variation in risk. We test this hypothesis in wild fallow deer exposed to short term (disturbance) and long term (presence of a fawn after parturition) changes in risk. We recorded the proportion, frequency and type of vigilance and size of used area before and after parturition, in GPS-collared wild female fallow deer. Vigilance was divided in two main groups: non-grazing vigilance and grazing vigilance. The latter group was divided into grazing vigilance while chewing and a grazing vigilance when chewing was interrupted. By recording external disturbance in form of passing cars, we were able to investigate if this altered the amount, and type of vigilance. We found that females increased the proportion and frequency of grazing vigilance stop chewing after parturition. The grazing vigilance chewing was unaffected, but non-grazing vigilance decreased. Disturbance increased the proportion grazing vigilance stop chewing to the same extent before and after parturition. We found a clear decrease in female home range size after parturition as a possible behavioural adjustment. The increase in grazing vigilance stop chewing after parturition is a rarely described but expected cost of reproduction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 128, 58-63 p.
Keyword [en]
Induced vigilance, High-cost vigilance, Maternal investment
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-132559DOI: 10.1016/j.beproc.2016.04.005ISI: 000378450500010PubMedID: 27094230OAI: diva2:953612
Available from: 2016-08-18 Created: 2016-08-15 Last updated: 2016-08-18Bibliographically approved

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Alm Bergvall, Ulrika
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Department of Zoology
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