The bloom of nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria in the northern Baltic Proper stimulates summer production
2016 (English)In: Journal of Marine Systems, ISSN 0924-7963, E-ISSN 1879-1573, Vol. 163, 102-112 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In the northern Baltic Sea Proper, total nitrogen (TN) increases during the summer bloom of filamentous heterocystous cyanobacteria. To follow the fate of the nitrogen they fix, we studied several N fractions during the bloom. We measured cyanobacterial biomass, TN, particulate organic N (PON, two size fractions), dissolved organic N (DON), and PON sedimentation in two areas in 2011. TN increased mainly due to increasing PON, but also to DON. Cyanobacteria contributed about 20% of the PON increase and ~ 10% of the TN increase. About half the PON changes (increase, then decrease) could be explained by the sum of cyanobacteria, other autotrophs (> 2 μm) and zooplankton, indicating that the bloom stimulates primary and secondary production. TN decreased after the bloom mainly due to declining PON > 10 μm, but sedimentation rates did not increase and could explain little of the post-bloom N-loss. There was little settling of undecomposed cyanobacteria.
The seasonal development of Aphanizomenon sp. and N pools was similar among stations and areas. For Nodularia spumigena between-station variability increased once patchy surface accumulations developed. A brief Dolichospermum spp. bloom indicated that sampling frequency may be more important than spatial resolution for capturing dynamics of this bloom.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 163, 102-112 p.
Cyanobacteria, Nitrogen fixation, Nitrogen pools, Particulate and dissolved organic nitrogen, Secondary production, Sedimentation
Research subject Marine Ecology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-132744DOI: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2016.07.003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-132744DiVA: diva2:954299
FunderSwedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning, 215-2009-813