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Vad är det man kan när man kan tillverka ett uttryck i slöjdföremål?
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Teaching and Learning in the Humanities (CeHum).
2013 (Swedish)In: Forskning om undervisning och lärande, ISSN 2000-9674, E-ISSN 2001-6131, no 10, 6-28 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

I ämnet slöjd förväntas elever formge och framställa föremål i materialen metall, textil och trä. Uppgifterna som eleverna får av läraren knyts vanligtvis till någon slöjdteknik som stickning eller hyvling (Skolverket, 2005). Mer sällan handlar uppgifterna om att lära eleverna skapa estetiska och kulturella uttryck, som att tillverka en väska med mangaut- tryck eller en nyckelring som ser samisk ut. Om föremålets uttryck lämnas åt eleven att skapa ’fritt’ riskerar kunnandet att stanna vid ett oreflekterat tyckande om vad som är fint och fult i stället för att förhålla sig till olika stilar eller uttryck. Ett långsiktigt mål i nu- varande kursplan för slöjd i grundskolan (Lgr11) är att utveckla elevers förmåga att tolka olika uttryck i slöjdföremål. Hur detta hanteras i undervisningen får konsekvenser för vad som görs möjligt för elever att lära i slöjd. Under 2010–2011 genomförde vi en learning study i slöjd för att undersöka hur symboler och symboliska uttryck kan förstås som ett ämnesinnehåll i slöjdämnet och beskrivas som ett slöjdspecifikt kunnande. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. no 10, 6-28 p.
Keyword [sv]
Slöjdkunnande, hantverkskunnande, estetiska och kulturella uttrycksformer, learning study
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Educational Sciences in Arts and Professions
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-132766OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-132766DiVA: diva2:954540
Available from: 2016-08-23 Created: 2016-08-23 Last updated: 2016-10-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Såga rakt och tillverka uttryck: En studie av hantverkskunnandet i slöjdämnet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Såga rakt och tillverka uttryck: En studie av hantverkskunnandet i slöjdämnet
2016 (Swedish)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Sloyd is related to craft knowing, making traditions and materiality. The meaning of knowing in sloyd is vaguely articulated and thereby can be interpreted by teachers in different ways. This study aims at contributing to an articulation of craft knowing within sloyd education.

The study was carried out in the form of two learning studies, each one focusing on a specific object of learning. The knowing of sawing straight was studied through phenomenographic analysis of video recordings of students’ work with handsaws in wood. Different ways of knowing this capability have been described. The second study focused on the knowing of interpreting symbols in sloyd objects. Different ways of perceiving this capability have been described through the learning study’s three iterative lesson interventions. The two objects of learning are discussed as pointing out different aspects of craft knowing in sloyd education.

Craft knowing has been recognized as embodied thinking and interaction with tools and materials in order to achieve certain intentions (Dormer, 1994; Illum, 2004). It is often described as embedded in our actions (Polanyi, 1966) and manifested in specific actions: as knowing-in-action (Schön, 1983). Furthermore, it is multimodal and derives from practical knowledge traditions where dexterity, visuality and materiality are central modes of communication (Kress & van Leeuwen, 2006). When engaging in sloyd activities one engages in different communal shared craft techniques and strives to obtain and express intended shapes, functions, lines, patterns and affiliations. To be able to say and make something in a ‘right way’ can be understood as a specific literacy (Gee, 2015).

Some aspects of craft knowing are presented and discussed in terms of craft literacy: as embodied interactions with materials and tools in specific ways. These descriptions can contribute to our shared understanding of the meaning of craft knowing as well as the meaning of sloyd knowing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Institutionen för de humanistiska och samhällsvetenskapliga ämnenas didaktik, Stockholm University, 2016. 97 p.
Keyword
Sloyd Education, Craft Knowing, Craft literacy, Sloyd literacy, Knowing-in-action, Tacit Knowing, Learning Study, Phenomenographic Analysis, Slöjd, Slöjdundervisning, Hantverkskunnande, slöjdlitteracitet, praktisk kunskap, manuell bildning, tyst kunskap, learning study, fenomenografisk analys
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Educational Sciences in Arts and Professions
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-134311 (URN)978-91-7649-491-2 (ISBN)
Presentation
2016-10-14, Högbomsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 8-12, Stockholm, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-10-20 Created: 2016-10-04 Last updated: 2016-10-20Bibliographically approved

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