Size-resolved morphological properties of the high Arctic summer aerosol during ASCOS-2008
Number of Authors: 3
2016 (English)In: Atmospheric Chemistry And Physics, ISSN 1680-7316, E-ISSN 1680-7324, Vol. 16, no 10, 6577-6593 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The representation of aerosol properties and processes in climate models is fraught with large uncertainties. Especially at high northern latitudes a strong underprediction of aerosol concentrations and nucleation events is observed and can only be constrained by in situ observations based on the analysis of individual aerosol particles. To further reduce the uncertainties surrounding aerosol properties and their potential role as cloud condensation nuclei this study provides observational data resolved over size on morphological and chemical properties of aerosol particles collected in the summer high Arctic, north of 80A degrees aEuro-N. Aerosol particles were imaged with scanning and transmission electron microscopy and further evaluated with digital image analysis. In total, 3909 aerosol particles were imaged and categorized according to morphological similarities into three gross morphological groups: single particles, gel particles, and halo particles. Single particles were observed between 15 and 800aEuro-nm in diameter and represent the dominating type of particles (82aEuro-%). The majority of particles appeared to be marine gels with a broad Aitken mode peaking at 70aEuro-nm and accompanied by a minor fraction of ammonium (bi)sulfate with a maximum at 170aEuro-nm in number concentration. Gel particles (11aEuro-% of all particles) were observed between 45 and 800aEuro-nm with a maximum at 154aEuro-nm in diameter. Imaging with transmission electron microscopy allowed further morphological discrimination of gel particles in 'aggregate' particles, 'aggregate with film' particles, and 'mucus-like' particles. Halo particles were observed above 75aEuro-nm and appeared to be ammonium (bi)sulfate (59aEuro-% of halo particles), gel matter (19aEuro-%), or decomposed gel matter (22aEuro-%), which were internally mixed with sulfuric acid, methane sulfonic acid, or ammonium (bi)sulfate with a maximum at 161aEuro-nm in diameter. Elemental dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis of individual particles revealed a prevalence of the monovalent ions Na+/K+ for single particles and aggregate particles and of the divalent ions Ca2+/Mg2+ for aggregate with film particles and mucus-like particles. According to these results and other model studies, we propose a relationship between the availability of Na+/K+ and Ca2+/Mg2+ and the length of the biopolymer molecules participating in the formation of the three-dimensional gel networks.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 16, no 10, 6577-6593 p.
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-132618DOI: 10.5194/acp-16-6577-2016ISI: 000378354100033OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-132618DiVA: diva2:955353