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Long-stored soil carbon released by prehistoric land use: Evidence from compound-specific radiocarbon analysis on Soppensee lake sediments
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Number of Authors: 8
2016 (English)In: Quaternary Science Reviews, ISSN 0277-3791, E-ISSN 1873-457X, Vol. 144, 123-131 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Compound-specific radiocarbon (C-14) analyses allow studying the fate of individual biomarkers in ecosystems. In lakes with small catchments, terrestrial biomarkers have the potential to be used for the dating of sediments that lack the traditionally targeted terrestrial macrofossils, if the specific organic compounds are deposited soon after production. On the other hand, if the biomarkers have been stored for a significant amount of time in the soils of the catchment before transported to the lake, their age can be used to reconstruct changes in average residence time of organic material on land through time. Here we present a study based on compound-specific C-14 analysis of the sedimentary record of Lake Soppensee, Switzerland, targeting long-chain n-alkanes of exclusive terrigenous origin, and comparing them with sediment ages obtained by high-resolution macrofossil dating. Additionally, we measured C-14 ages of bulk organic matter and carbonate samples to assess the hard water effect. Prior to 3100 cal BP n-alkanes had about the same age as the sediment or they were slightly older, indicating that the vast majority of the terrestrial organic carbon transported to the lake had a short residence time on land. In the samples younger than 3100 cal BP an increasing offset is observed, indicating liberation of old buried soil organic matter that must have accumulated over the previous millennia. Our results indicate that as long as stable ecosystem conditions have prevailed, the distribution and isotopic composition of the n-alkanes can be used as environmental proxies in small catchments with limited surface runoff, confirming a few earlier studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 144, 123-131 p.
Keyword [en]
Compound-specific radiocarbon analysis (CSRA), Lacustrine sediments, Soppensee/Switzerland, Long-chain n-alkanes
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-132940DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.05.011ISI: 000379104800010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-132940DiVA: diva2:957194
Available from: 2016-09-01 Created: 2016-08-26 Last updated: 2016-09-01Bibliographically approved

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Smittenberg, Rienk H.
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Department of Geological Sciences
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