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Imaging in-vivo tau pathology in Alzheimer's disease with THK5317 PET in a multimodal paradigm
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Number of Authors: 12
2016 (English)In: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, ISSN 1619-7070, E-ISSN 1619-7089, Vol. 43, no 9, 1686-1699 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose The aim of this study was to explore the cerebral distribution of the tau-specific PET tracer [F-18]THK5317 (also known as (S)-[F-18]THK5117) retention in different stages of Alzheimer's disease; and study any associations with markers of hypometabolism and amyloid-beta deposition. Methods Thirty-three individuals were enrolled, including nine patients with Alzheimer's disease dementia, thirteen with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), two with non-Alzheimer's disease dementia, and nine healthy controls (five young and four elderly). In a multi-tracer PET design [F-18]THK5317, [C-11] Pittsburgh compound B ([C-11]PIB), and [F-18]FDG were used to assess tau pathology, amyloid-beta deposition and cerebral glucose metabolism, respectively. The MCI patients were further divided into MCI [C-11]PIB-positive (n=11) and MCI [C-11]PIB-negative (n=2) groups. Results Test-retest variability for [F-18]THK5317-PET was very low (1.17-3.81 %), as shown by retesting five patients. The patients with prodromal (MCI [C-11]PIB-positive) and dementia-stage Alzheimer's disease had significantly higher [F-18]THK5317 retention than healthy controls (p=0.002 and p=0.001, respectively) in areas exceeding limbic regions, and their discrimination from this control group (using the area under the curve) was >98 %. Focal negative correlations between [F-18]THK5317 retention and [F-18]FDG uptake were observed mainly in the frontal cortex, and focal positive correlations were found between [F-18]THK5317 and [C-11] PIB retentions isocortically. One patient with corticobasal degeneration syndrome and one with progressive supranuclear palsy showed no [C-11]PIB but high [F-18]THK5317 retentions with a different regional distribution from that in Alzheimer's disease patients. Conclusions The tau-specific PET tracer [F-18]THK5317 images in vivo the expected regional distribution of tau pathology. This distribution contrasts with the different patterns of hypometabolism and amyloid-beta deposition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 43, no 9, 1686-1699 p.
Keyword [en]
Positron emission tomography, Alzheimer's disease, Tau, Neurofibrillary tangles, THK5317, Other dementia, Non-AD, Amyloid PET, FDG, PIB
National Category
Neurology Geriatrics Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-132930DOI: 10.1007/s00259-016-3363-zISI: 000379017500015PubMedID: 26996778OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-132930DiVA: diva2:957361
Available from: 2016-09-01 Created: 2016-08-26 Last updated: 2017-02-09Bibliographically approved

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