Conclusion: Transnational Actors and Global Democracy
2010 (English)In: Legitimacy Beyond the State? Re-examining the Democratic Credentials of Transnational Actors / [ed] Eva Erman, Anders Uhlin, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010, 194-213 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
This concluding chapter elaborates on the findings of the volume and raises a number of issues pertaining to normative theorizing on democracy beyond the state. Drawing on the individual chapters, it offers a comprehensive analysis of the different democratic requirements applicable to different types of transnational actors (TNAs). We discuss the question of whether different kinds of TNAs necessarily have to be democratic in the same way and to the same extent. We also pay attention to potential trade-offs between different democratic values. Moreover, we analyze the potential roles of TNAs in global democracy, considering formal and informal tracks for linking constituencies to political authority. One principle underlying much scholarship on global democracy — including this volume — is the all-affected principle. A problem in the contemporary debate, however, is that this principle is vaguely defined and presupposed rather than problematized and carefully elaborated. In light of the empirical and theoretical contributions of this volume, we revisit this debate with the aim of sorting out some of the issues that are in need of further attention. We also discuss how the market economy may relate to global democracy, an issue highlighted by the prominence of market actors — not only civil society actors — among the TNAs influencing global governance. It is argued that more normative theoretical work needs to be done in addressing the role of market actors in global democracy. Finally, after having devoted the whole book to issues of democratic legitimacy, we conclude with a brief discussion of other sources of legitimacy linked to TNAs and global governance, which are in need of further elaboration.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010. 194-213 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-133171DOI: 10.1057/9780230283251_10ISBN: 978-1-349-31613-7ISBN: 978-0-230-28325-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-133171DiVA: diva2:957572