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Does the familial transmission of drinking patterns persist into young adulthood? A 10-year follow up
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
Centralförbundet för alkohol- och narkotikaupplysning (CAN); Institutionen för klinisk neurovetenskap, Karolinska Institutet.
(English)In: Drug And Alcohol Dependence, ISSN 0376-8716, E-ISSN 1879-0046Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

Abstract

Background

Parental drinking has been shown to be associated with offspring drinking. However, the relationship appears to be more complex than often assumed and few studies have tracked it over longer time periods.

Aims

To explore the long-term (10-year) transmission of familial drinking during adolescence to offspring drinking patterns in young adulthood.

Design

Swedish longitudinal study, assessing the relationship between familial drinking in 2000 and offspring drinking in 2010 using simultaneous quantile regression analysis (n = 744).

Data

Data on familial drinking was gathered from the Swedish level-of-living surveys (LNU) and from partner LNU in 2000 while data on offspring drinking in young adulthood was gathered from LNU 2010. Drinking among offspring, parents and potential stepparents was measured through identical quantity-frequency indices referring to the past 12 months in 2010 and 2000 respectively.

Results

Young adults whose families were abstainers in 2000 drank substantially less across quintiles in 2010 than offspring of non-abstaining families. The difference, however, was not statistically significant between quintiles of the conditional distribution. Actual drinking levels in drinking families were not at all or weakly associated with drinking in offspring. Supplementary analyses confirmed these patterns.

Conclusion

The association between familial drinking and offspring drinking in young adulthood exhibits clear non-linear trends. Changes in the lower part of the familial drinking distribution are strongly related to drinking in young adults, but the actual levels of drinking in drinking families appear less important in shaping the drinking patterns of the offspring in young adulthood.

National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-133288DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.08.630OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-133288DiVA: diva2:958068
Available from: 2016-09-06 Created: 2016-09-06 Last updated: 2016-09-09

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Publisher's full texthttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0376871616308729

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Karlsson, PatrikMagnusson, Charlotta
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ReferencesLink to record
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