Lignin Valorization through Catalytic Lignocellulose Fractionation: A Fundamental Platform for the Future Biorefinery
Number of Authors: 2
2016 (English)In: ChemSusChem, ISSN 1864-5631, E-ISSN 1864-564X, Vol. 9, no 13, 1544-1558 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Current processes for the fractionation of lignocellulosic biomass focus on the production of high-quality cellulosic fibers for paper, board, and viscose production. The other fractions that constitute a major part of lignocellulose are treated as waste or used for energy production. The transformation of lignocellulose beyond paper pulp to a commodity (e.g., fine chemicals, polymer precursors, and fuels) is the only feasible alternative to current refining of fossil fuels as a carbon feedstock. Inspired by this challenge, scientists and engineers have developed a plethora of methods for the valorization of biomass. However, most studies have focused on using one single purified component from lignocellulose that is not currently generated by the existing biomass fractionation processes. A lot of effort has been made to develop efficient methods for lignin depolymerization. The step to take this fundamental research to industrial applications is still a major challenge. This review covers an alternative approach, in which the lignin valorization is performed in concert with the pulping process. This enables the fractionation of all components of the lignocellulosic biomass into valorizable streams. Lignocellulose fractions obtained this way (e.g., lignin oil and glucose) can be utilized in a number of existing procedures. The review covers historic, current, and future perspectives, with respect to catalytic lignocellulose fractionation processes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 9, no 13, 1544-1558 p.
biorefinery, heterogeneous catalysis, hydrogenolysis, lignin, lignocellulose, GREEN & SUSTAINABLE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-133399DOI: 10.1002/cssc.201600237ISI: 000380336800002PubMedID: 27273230OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-133399DiVA: diva2:958242