Thinking Is Modulated by Recent Linguistic Experience: Second Language Priming Affects Perceived Event Similarity
2016 (English)In: Language learning, ISSN 0023-8333, E-ISSN 1467-9922, Vol. 66, no 3, 636-665 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Can recent second language (L2) exposure affect what we judge to be similar events? Using a priming paradigm, we manipulated whether native Swedish adult learners of L2 Spanish were primed to use path or manner during L2 descriptions of scenes depicting caused motion events (encoding phase). Subsequently, participants engaged in a nonverbal task, arranging events on the screen according to similarity (test phase). Path versus manner priming affected how participants judged event similarity during the test phase. The effects we find support the hypotheses that (a) speakers create or select ad hoc conceptual categories that are based on linguistic knowledge to carry out nonverbal tasks, and that (b) short-term, recent L2 experience can affect this ad hoc process. These findings further suggest that cognition can flexibly draw on linguistic categories that have been implicitly highlighted during recent exposure.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 66, no 3, 636-665 p.
motion events, linguistic relativity, event similarity, bilingual cognition, Spanish, Swedish
Languages and Literature Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-133513DOI: 10.1111/lang.12172OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-133513DiVA: diva2:967422