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Arctic amplification enhanced by latent energy transport of atmospheric planetary waves
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Meteorology .
Number of Authors: 2
2016 (English)In: Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, ISSN 0035-9009, E-ISSN 1477-870X, Vol. 142, no 698, 2046-2054 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The atmospheric northward energy transport plays a crucial role for the Arctic climate; this transport brings to the Arctic an amount of energy comparable to that provided directly by the sun. The transport is accomplished by atmospheric waves-for instance large-scale planetary waves and meso-scale cyclones-and the zonal-mean circulation. These different components of the energy transport impact the Arctic climate differently. A split of the transport into stationary and transient waves constitutes a traditional way of decomposing the transport. However this procedure does not take into account the transport accomplished separately by the planetary and synoptic-scale waves. Here a Fourier decomposition is applied, which decomposes the transport with respect to zonal wave numbers. Reanalysis and model data reveal that the planetary waves impact Arctic temperatures much more than do synoptic-scale waves. In addition the latent transport by these waves affects the Arctic climate more than does the dry-static part. Finally, the EC-Earth model suggests that changes of the energy transport over the twentyfirst century will contribute to Arctic warming, despite the fact that in this model the total energy transport to the Arctic will decrease. This apparent contradictory result is due to the cooling induced by a decrease of the dry-static transport by planetary waves being more than compensated for by a warming caused by the latent counterpart.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 142, no 698, 2046-2054 p.
Keyword [en]
planetary waves, cyclones, energy transport, Arctic amplification
National Category
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-133231DOI: 10.1002/qj.2802ISI: 000380941100014OAI: diva2:968135
Available from: 2016-09-12 Created: 2016-09-05 Last updated: 2016-09-12Bibliographically approved

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