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Information and communication technology demands at work: the association with job strain, effort-reward imbalance and self-rated health in different socio-economic strata
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Umeå University, Sweden .
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
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2016 (English)In: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, ISSN 0340-0131, E-ISSN 1432-1246, Vol. 89, no 7, 1049-1058 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE: The use of information and communication technology (ICT) is common in modern working life. ICT demands may give rise to experience of work-related stress. Knowledge about ICT demands in relation to other types of work-related stress and to self-rated health is limited. Consequently, the aim of this study was to examine the association between ICT demands and two types of work-related stress [job strain and effort-reward imbalance (ERI)] and to evaluate the association between these work-related stress measures and self-rated health, in general and in different SES strata.

METHODS: This study is based on cross-sectional data from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health collected in 2014, from 14,873 gainfully employed people. ICT demands, job strain, ERI and self-rated health were analysed as the main measures. Sex, age, SES, lifestyle factors and BMI were used as covariates.

RESULTS: ICT demands correlated significantly with the dimensions of the job strain and ERI models, especially with the demands (r = 0.42; p < 0.01) and effort (r = 0.51; p < 0.01) dimensions. ICT demands were associated with suboptimal self-rated health, also after adjustment for age, sex, SES, lifestyle and BMI (OR 1.49 [95 % CI 1.36-1.63]), but job strain (OR 1.93 [95 % CI 1.74-2.14) and ERI (OR 2.15 [95 % CI 1.95-2.35]) showed somewhat stronger associations with suboptimal self-rated health.

CONCLUSION: ICT demands are common among people with intermediate and high SES and associated with job strain, ERI and suboptimal self-rated health. ICT demands should thus be acknowledged as a potential stressor of work-related stress in modern working life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 89, no 7, 1049-1058 p.
Keyword [en]
ICT demands, Job strain, Effort-reward imbalance, Self-rated health, Socio-economic status
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-133852DOI: 10.1007/s00420-016-1140-8PubMedID: 27193569Local ID: P-3363OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-133852DiVA: diva2:971947
Available from: 2016-09-19 Created: 2016-09-19 Last updated: 2016-09-27Bibliographically approved

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Magnusson Hanson, Linda L.Westerlund, Hugo
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