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Number of children and later-life mortality among Finns born 1938-50
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS). University of Helsinki, Finland; Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Germany.
2016 (English)In: Population Studies, ISSN 0032-4728, E-ISSN 1477-4747, Vol. 70, no 2, 217-238 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We investigated the association between number of offspring and later-life mortality of Finnish men and women born 1938–50, and whether the association was explained by living conditions in own childhood and adulthood, chronic conditions, fertility timing, and unobserved characteristics common to siblings. We used a longitudinal 1950 census sample to estimate mortality at ages 50–72. Relative to parents of two children, all-cause mortality is highest among childless men and women, and elevated among those with one child, independently of observed confounders. Fixed-effect models, which control for unobserved characteristics shared by siblings, clearly support these findings among men. Cardiovascular mortality is higher among men with no, one, or at least four children than among those with two. Living conditions in adulthood contribute to the association between the number of children and mortality to a greater extent than childhood background, and chronic conditions contribute to the excess mortality of the childless.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 70, no 2, 217-238 p.
Keyword [en]
reproductive history, childlessness, parity, mortality, survival, fixed-effects model
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-133877DOI: 10.1080/00324728.2016.1195506ISI: 000381027500006OAI: diva2:972285
Available from: 2016-09-20 Created: 2016-09-20 Last updated: 2016-10-03Bibliographically approved

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Martikainen, Pekka
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