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Comparing Employment Trajectories before and after First Imprisonment in Four Nordic Countries
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
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2016 (English)In: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Employment plays a crucial role in the re-entry process and in reducing recidivism among offenders released from prison. But at the same time, imprisonment is generally regarded as harmful to post-release employment prospects. Little is known, however, about whether or not offenders’ employment trajectories before and after imprisonment are similar across countries. As a first step towards filling this gap in research, this paper provides evidence on employment trajectories before and after imprisonment in four Nordic welfare states: Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. Using data gathered from administrative records on incarcerated offenders, the analysis focuses on individuals imprisoned for the first time and who served a prison sentence less than one year in length. Results show that although employment trajectories develop in mostly similar ways before and after imprisonment across these countries, important differences exist.

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Keyword [en]
incarceration, employment, re-entry, comparative research, register-based analysis
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-134044DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azw026OAI: diva2:974940
Available from: 2016-09-28 Created: 2016-09-28 Last updated: 2016-09-30

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Department of CriminologyThe Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI)
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British Journal of Criminology
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