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Comparing Employment Trajectories before and after First Imprisonment in Four Nordic Countries
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
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2017 (English)In: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 57, no 4, 828-847 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Employment plays a crucial role in the re-entry process and in reducing recidivism among offenders released from prison. But at the same time, imprisonment is generally regarded as harmful to post-release employment prospects. Little is known, however, about whether or not offenders’ employment trajectories before and after imprisonment are similar across countries. As a first step towards filling this gap in research, this paper provides evidence on employment trajectories before and after imprisonment in four Nordic welfare states: Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. Using data gathered from administrative records on incarcerated offenders, the analysis focuses on individuals imprisoned for the first time and who served a prison sentence less than one year in length. Results show that although employment trajectories develop in mostly similar ways before and after imprisonment across these countries, important differences exist.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 57, no 4, 828-847 p.
Keyword [en]
incarceration, employment, re-entry, comparative research, register-based analysis
National Category
Other Social Sciences Sociology
Research subject
Criminology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-134044DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azw026ISI: 000407253100004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-134044DiVA: diva2:974940
Available from: 2016-09-28 Created: 2016-09-28 Last updated: 2017-09-18Bibliographically approved

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Nilsson, AndersBäckman, OlofEstrada, Felipe
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