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HFpEF and HFrEF Display Different Phenotypes as Assessed by IGF-1 and IGFBP-1
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2016 (English)In: Journal of Cardiac Failure, ISSN 1071-9164, E-ISSN 1532-8414Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Anabolic drive is impaired in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) but insufficiently studied in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) mediates growth hormone effects and IGF binding protein 1 (IGFBP-1) regulates IGF-1 activity. We tested the hypothesis that HFpEF and HFrEF are similar with regard to IGF-1 and IGFBP-1.

METHODS AND RESULTS: In patients with HFpEF (n = 79), HFrEF (n = 85), and controls (n = 136), we analyzed serum IGF-1 and IGFBP-1 concentrations, correlations, and associations with outcome. Age-standardized scores of IGF-1 were higher in HFpEF, median arbitrary units (interquartile range); 1.21 (0.57-1.96) vs HFrEF, 0.09 (-1.40-1.62), and controls, 0.22 (-0.47-0.96), P overall <.001. IGFBP-1 was increased in HFpEF, 48 (28-79), and HFrEF, 65 (29-101), vs controls, 27(14-35) µg/L, P overall <.001. These patterns persisted after adjusting for metabolic and HF severity confounders. IGF-1 was associated with outcomes in HFrEF, hazard ratio per natural logarithmic increase in IGF-1 SD score 0.51 (95% confidence interval 0.32-0.82, P = .005), but not significantly in HFpEF. IGFBP-1 was not associated with outcomes in either HFpEF nor HFrEF.

CONCLUSION: HFpEF and HFrEF phenotypes were similar with regard to increased IGFBP-1 concentrations but differed regarding IGF-1 levels and prognostic role. HFrEF and HFpEF may display different impairment in anabolic drive.

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Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-134045DOI: 10.1016/j.cardfail.2016.06.008PubMedID: 27327968Local ID: P-3365OAI: diva2:974973
Available from: 2016-09-28 Created: 2016-09-28 Last updated: 2016-09-30

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Andreasson, Anna
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Stress Research Institute
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