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"Socialistprästen": H.F. Spak (1876-1926)
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Ideas.
1998 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
The socialist priest : H.F. Spak (1876-1926) (English)
Abstract [en]

The present thesis is based on the life and works of H.F. Spak, known as ”the socialist priest”. He started out as a conservative priest, became a Social Democrat and was forced to resign from the church in 1911. He became a leftwing agitator and later a Communist and atheist.

In his earlier days H.F. Spak tried to combine Christianity with Socialism, claiming that the two shared the same faith.The quest for justice and for equality seemed for him all the same, as well as the final goal: to establish the kingdom of God on earth. After his resignation from the church, he became increasingly influenced by non-Christian thinkers like Karl Marx naturally, but also Charles Darwin and Friedrich Nietzsche and others. These new influences he tried to combine with the message av Jesus Christ, who gradually lost lois role as a saviour of souls and became the ideal man, another in the line of the great heroes in human history, alongside men lika Buddha, Babeuf and Lenin.

In the beginning of the 1920 he abandoned the last remnants of Christianity. Gods was replaced by History, which, in his deterministic view, as God ruled everything: society as well as and the minds of every human being. At last he even lost his faith in History and the future communist society. He left the Communist Party of Sweden and six month after that he died.

The life and works of H.F. Spak are here mainly seen as an illustrative example of the efforts to combine Christianity and Socialism and even more of the similarities between the two doctrines: Socialism as a secular religion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Avdelningen för idéhistoria, Stockholms universitet , 1998. , p. 491
National Category
History of Ideas
Research subject
History of Ideas
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-37127ISBN: 91-7203-271-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-37127DiVA, id: diva2:293061
Public defence
1998-02-06, Hörsal 8, hus D, Södra huset, Frescati, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Available from: 2010-02-10 Created: 2010-02-10 Last updated: 2018-05-24Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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