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"Läter all ting ährligha och skickeliga tilgå": prästerskapet i 1600-talets Sverige
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Ideas.
2002 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
"Let all things be done decently and in order" : The Priesthood in the Sweden of the 1600s (English)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation emphasises the importance of the Swediesh priesthood during the 1600s, when the Kingdom was developing into an early modern state. I am looking from a new perspective, based on the Lutheran Right Doctrine, but concerning a way of thinking in and about the society. This way of thinking was characterised by an ideology, an ideology transmitted by the clergy and consequently making them necessary to the aims of political power. I have been pursuing an overarching idea within a field rich in sources and authorities to be found amongst priests in all their contexts. In questions of history and theology I have let specialised researchers have their say or I have stressed my own differing opinion based on the perspective of my own inquiry.

The phrase from Corinthians 1.14: "Let all things be done decently and in order", introducing the Church Regulations of 1571, provided a long-lasting confirmation of the priesthood´s´ own leadership and authority of and within the church.

The 1593 Uppsala meeting of representatives of all the country´s estates took the famous decision of confessional unity in Church and State. Unity provided the theological and ideological premises for the clergy, and especially the episcopacy, to seize the leadership of society in a way that led to opposition, not only from the reigning king but also from the nobility. Furthermore the very first paragraph of the first 1634 Consitution of Sweden confirmed the Lutheran Confession and Catechism as part of the fundamental law. In 1650 privileges were finally awarded to the clergy by the Queen who, in addition to very distinctly recommending consensus in any kind of decision, also strengthened the clergy´s position in community by endowing them the authority of legal leadership. Consensus was defined in different ways according to context and did not imply democracy.

Consequently the church was able to construct a new professionalism for the priesthood, based on the Right Doctrine, scholarship, education of their own members and on instruction in the catechism. All of which implied morality, responsibility, workning obediently and cooperating in a peaceful society under the watchful eyes of God and his ministers. Simultaneously, the Kingdom began to take a modern shape through organising its activities and power in a centralised bureaucracy. Uniformity, not consensus, became the keyword. It is important to remember however, throughout the 1600s the clergy maintained the conviction that there were different realms and hierarchies in this world, the secular and the spiritual, Moses and Aaron, together in God´s Israel. But the men of the church usually took God´s congregation to mean Sweden with its imperial conquests as well as each parish community. However the King`s Church Law of 1686 made the priests officials of the State. Consequently this dissertation discusses the reception of that Law. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell International , 2002. , 301 p.
Series
Stockholm studies in the history of ideas, ISSN 1100-9667 ; 6
National Category
Humanities
Research subject
History of Ideas
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-81134Libris ID: 8426560ISBN: 91-22-01972-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-81134DiVA: diva2:559776
Public defence
2002-05-31, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Available from: 2012-10-10 Created: 2012-10-10 Last updated: 2017-10-19Bibliographically approved

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