Change search
Refine search result
1234567 1 - 50 of 1952
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Oldest first
  • Newest first
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the 'Create feeds' function.
  • 1.
    A. Molnar, Wolfgang
    et al.
    Public Research Centre Henri Tudor, , .
    A. Proper, HenderikPublic Research Centre Henri Tudor, , .Zdravkovic, JelenaStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.Loucopoulos, PericleUniversity of Manchester, , .Pastor, OscarUniversitat Politècnica de València, , Centro de Investigación PROS.de Kinderen, SybrenUniversity of Luxembourg, , .
    CBI Workshops: TEE and CoBI: The 8th Workshop on Transformation & Engineering of Enterprises (TEE 2014) The 1st International Workshop on Capability-oriented Business Informatics (CoBI 2014) 2014Conference proceedings (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2.
    Aasi, Parisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Organizational Culture and Structure Influence on Information Technology Governance2016Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Aasi, Parisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Nunes, Ivan
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Hodosi, Georg
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    The impact of different organizational cultures on IT outsourcing relationship management2013In: International Journal of Innovation in the Digital Economy, ISSN 1947-8305, Vol. 4, no 2, 50-66 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Globalization has affected the organizations in many aspects such as structure, architecture, internal/external strategies and sourcing management. Outsourcing is one of the recent business strategies used to provide IT needs via external agents. The relationship between the service buyer and provider companies is a constituent playing a significant role in IT outsourcing success or failure. This research has a focus on the influence of organizational culture of buyer companies on the specific factors of trust, cooperation, communication and commitment in their relationship with the IT service provider. Two explorative case studies are done in global companies using ITO which revealed the presence of organizational culture effect. Particularly, being innovative, having open discussion as an organizational culture and looking for extending contracts with providers as a strategy, appeared as the major difference between the two cases organizational culture; which influences the studied factors of ITO relationship in this research.

  • 4.
    Aasi, Parisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Nunes, Ivan
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Hodosi, Georg
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Does Organizational Culture Matter in IT Outsourcing Relationships?2015In: Proceedings of the 48th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS-48), IEEE Computer Society, 2015, 4691-4699 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Aasi, Parisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Han, Shengnan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Culture Influence on IT Governance: What We Have Learned?2014In: International Journal of IT - Business Alignment and Governance, ISSN 1947-9611, E-ISSN 1947-962X, Vol. 5, 34-49 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Aasi, Parisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Han, Shengnan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    The Role of Culture in IT Governance2014In: Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS 2014): AMCIS 2014, Proceedings, AIS eLibrary , 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Aasi, Parisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Han, Shengnan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    The Influence of Culture on IT Governance: A Literature Review2014In: 2014 47th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS) / [ed] Sprague, R. H., IEEE Computer Society, 2014, 4436-4445 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    IT governance is crucial for managers to regulate the decision rights and responsibilities that the desired IT behaviors and business objectives are aligned with each other. Additionally, culture in national, organizational or group level can play a role in IT governance and this role is rarely explored in academic research. This paper provides a literature review investigating the impact of culture on IT governance. It is aimed to find the linkage between these two concepts and to promote this area for future research. The literature review was done systematically and the findings are categorized by using an IT governance framework which includes three main components: structures, processes and relational mechanisms. The results indicate there is an influence from national and organizational culture on IT governance, especially on relational mechanisms. However, the number of studies is very few and there is still a lack of knowledge on how culture can influence IT governance.

  • 8.
    Aasi, Parisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Han, Shengnan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    The Influence of Organizational Culture on IT Governance Performance: Case of The IT Department in a Large Swedish Company2016In: Proceedings of the 49th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences / [ed] Tung X. Bui, Ralph H. Sprague, Jr., IEEE Computer Society, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    IT governance is one of the top concerns of organizations today seeking to gain value from their IT investments and create competitive advantage. Organizational culture on the other hand is one of the various factors influencing IT governance performance. However there is not much research conducted to understand this topic deeply. This research thus, is exploring the influence of organizational culture on four IT governance performance outcomes through a case study in IT department of a large Swedish company. The results provide evidence that organizational culture is influencing IT governance performance. Specifically the current clan culture orientation of the IT department has led to a successful IT governance performance in cost-effective use of IT. Furthermore adhocracy as the preferred culture is identified to influence IT governance in effective use of IT for growth which is not so successful with the current clan culture.

  • 9.
    Aasi, Parisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Leidner, Dorothy
    IT Organizational Structure Relationship with IT Governance Performance: Case of a Public Organization2017In: Information Technology Governance in Public Organizations: Theory and Practice / [ed] Lazar Rusu, Gianluigi Viscusi, Springer, 2017, no 0, 229-252 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information Technology (IT) is widely used in organizations and managers continue to struggle with how to govern IT. IT governance concerns the decision rights and division of responsibilities to achieve value from IT investments. Any IT governance approach is incorporated into a given organizational structure. However in the particular context of public organizations, there is little research on IT organizational structure relationship with IT governance performance. In this research, a case study is done in a public organization to find out how suitable is the organizational structure of the IT department is in relation with the IT governance performance. The results reveal that the IT department organizational structure needs to suit the IT governance performance desired outcomes. In this case, operating as a public organization has actuated the organization to focus on IT governance outcome of effective use of IT for growth. This together with the IT governance archetypes of this public organization for different IT decisions led the IT department leaders to adopt a matrix organizational structure.

  • 10.
    Abbas, Haider
    et al.
    KTH, School of ICT, Electronic Systems.
    Magnusson, Christer
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Yngström, Louise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Hemani, Ahmed
    ICT/Materialfysik.
    Addressing Dynamic Issues in Information Security Management2011In: Information Management & Computer Security, ISSN 0968-5227, Vol. 19, no 1, 5-24 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper addresses three main problems resulting from uncertainty in information security management: i)dynamically changing security requirements of an organization ii) externalities caused by a security system and iii)obsolete evaluation of security concerns. A framework based on options reasoning borrowed from corporate finance is proposed and adapted to evaluation of security architecture and decision-making for handling these issues at organizational level. The adaptation as methodology is demonstrated by a large case study validating its efficacy.

  • 11. Abbas, Haider
    et al.
    Magnusson, Christer
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Yngström, Louise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Hemani, Ahmed
    Architectural Description of an Automated System for Uncertainty Issues Management in Information Security2010In: International Journal of computer Science and Information Security, ISSN 1947-5500, Vol. 8, no 3, 59-67 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information technology evolves at a faster pace giving organizations a limited scope to comprehend and effectively react to steady flux nature of its progress. Consequently the rapid technological progression raises various concerns for the IT system of an organization i.e. existing hardware/software obsoleteness, uncertain system behavior, interoperability of various components/method, sudden changes in IT security requirements and expiration of security evaluations. These issues are continuous and critical in their nature that create uncertainty in IT infrastructure and threaten the IT security measures of an organization. In this research, Options theory is devised to address uncertainty issues in IT security management and the concepts have been developed/validated through real cases on SHS (Spridnings-och-Hämtningssystem) and ESAM (E-society) systems. AUMSIS (Automated Uncertainty Management System in Information Security) is the ultimate objective of this research which provides an automated system for uncertainty management in information security. The paper presents the architectural description of AUMSIS, its various components, information flow, storage and information processing details using options valuation techniques. It also presents heterogeneous information retrieval problems and their solution. The architecture is validated with examples from SHS system

  • 12. Abdel Hai, R
    et al.
    Yassin, A
    Ahmad, MF
    Fors, Uno
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Exploring Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors of Medical Students Towards Using Computer Technology in Learning2010In:  , 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13. Abdel Hai, R
    et al.
    Yassin, A
    Ahmad, MF
    Fors, Uno
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Comparing an e-Learning Reproductive Health Module with Traditional Lectures at a Medical School in Egypt2010In:  , 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 14. Abiala, Kristina
    et al.
    Hernwall, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Tweens negotiating identity online – Swedish girls' and boys' reflections on online experiences2013In: Journal of Youth Studies, ISSN 1367-6261, E-ISSN 1469-9680, Vol. 16, no 8, 951-969 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How do Swedish tweens (10–14 years old) understand and experience the writing of their online identities? How are such intertwined identity markers as gender and age expressed and negotiated? To find some answers to these questions, participants in this study were asked to write a story about the use of online web communities on pre-prepared paper roundels with buzzwords in the margins to inspire them. Content analysis of these texts using the constant comparative method showed that the main factors determining how online communities are understood and used are the cultural age and gender of the user. Both girls and boys chat online, but girls more often create blogs while boys more often play games. Gender was increasingly emphasised with age; but whereas boys aged 14 described themselves as sexually active and even users of pornography, girls of the same age described themselves as shocked and repelled by pornography and fearful of sexual threats. In this investigation an intersectionalist frame of reference is used to elucidate the intertwined power differentials and identity markers of the users' peer group situation.

  • 15. Abiala, Kristina
    et al.
    Hernwall, Patrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Tweens konstruerar identitet online – flickors och pojkars erfarenheter av sociala medier2013In: Pedagogisk forskning i Sverige, ISSN 1401-6788, Vol. 18, no 1-2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16. Abrahamsson, Emil
    et al.
    Forni, Timothy
    Skeppstedt, Maria
    Kvist, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Medical text simplification using synonym replacement: adapting assessment of word difficulty to a compounding language2014In: Proceedings of the 3rdWorkshop on Predicting andImproving Text Readability for Target Reader Populations(PITR) / [ed] Sandra Williams, Stroudsburg: Association for Computational Linguistics , 2014, 57-65 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Adaba, Godfried Bakiyem
    et al.
    Birkbeck, University of London, , Department of Computer Science and Information Systems.
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    E-trade Facilitation in Ghana: a Capability Approach Perspective2014In: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 63, no 5, 1-13 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 18. Adaba, Godfried Bakiyem
    et al.
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    IT Governance Practices in a Public Organization in Ghana2014In: International Journal of Innovation in the Digital Economy, ISSN 1947-8305, Vol. 5, no 2, 14-23 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The strategic importance of information technology (IT) in today's organizations and dependence on IT to support e-government strategies has increased the interest in IT Governance (ITG) in public sector organizations. From this perspective, this paper examines ITG practices in a public organization in Ghana (that has a responsibility to mobilize revenue for national development) in order to gain an insight into IT governance structures, processes and relational mechanisms and understand how this contributes to adding value through IT. The findings have revealed that this public organization has a centralized approach to IT governance, with inadequate board involvement concerning how IT investments can bring value and improve organizational performance. Furthermore, there are no IT steering and strategy committees to oversee IT governance as best practice requires.

  • 19. Adaba, Godfried Bakiyem
    et al.
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    ICT-based trade facilitation and the MDGs: a case study of a public–private partnership in Ghana2014In: ICTs and the Millennium Development Goals: a United Nations Perspective, Springer, 2014, no 2013, 223-235 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The strategic and innovative deployment and use of information and communication technologies (ICT) is important to development and the attainment of the millennium development goals (MDGs). Previous studies have suggested that ICT-based trade facilitation promotes development through better integration into global markets. Through an interpretive case study, this chapter explores an ICTbased initiative to connect members of the trading community in Ghana on an electronic data interchange (EDI) platform. More specifi cally, it explored the contributions of the initiative to effi cient trade facilitation and discusses the broader mplications for achieving the MDGs in Ghana. The research confi rms that the initiative has improved operational effi ciency at Ghana’s ports and borders. Furthermore, it has enabled effi cient and reliable collection of duties and taxes. The findings reinforce the view that government support and private sector expertise and funding are important factors in ICT-based e-government solutions in developing countries. The chapter contends that ICT-based trade facilitation can make a significant contribution to the attainment of the MDGs in Ghana.

  • 20.
    Adaba, Godfried Bakiyem
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    El Mekawy, Mohamed Sobih Aly
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Business-IT Alignment in Trade Facilitation: A Case Study2010In: Organizational, Business, and Technological Aspects of the Knowledge Society / [ed] Lytras, M.D.; Ordonez De Pablos, P.; Ziderman, A.; Roulstone, A.; Maurer, H.; Imber, J.B., Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag , 2010, Vol. 112, 146- p.Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the information age, no organization can thrive without harnessing the power of IT. The effective deployment of IT to achieve business goals and gain competitive advantage requires the alignment of business and IT strategies of organizations. Using the Strategic Alignment Maturity model, this paper evaluates strategic alignment maturity of Customs Excise Preventive service, a frontline public organization charged with trade facilitation in Ghana. Strategic alignment maturity is at level 3; which implies the existence of an established process to leverage IT for efficiency and effectiveness. Efforts are required to strengthen alignment and fully harness the potential of IT to facilitate trade in Ghana.

  • 21.
    Aggestam, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    IT-supported Knowledge Repositories: Increasing their Usefulness by Supporting Knowledge Capture2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations use various resources to achieve business objectives, and for financial gain. In modern business, knowledge is a critical resource, and organizations cannot afford not to manage it. Knowledge Management (KM) aims to support learning and to create value for the organization. Based on three levels of inquiry (why, what, how), work presented in this thesis includes a synthesized view of the existing body of knowledge concerning KM and hence a holistic characterization of KM. This characterization reveals a strong dependency between KM and Learning Organization (LO). Neither of them can be successful without the other. We show that a KM project resulting in an IT-supported knowledge repository is a suitable way to start when the intention is to initiate KM work. Thus, our research focuses on ITsupported knowledge repositories.

    Large numbers of KM projects fail, and organizations lack support for their KM undertakings. These are the main problems that our research addresses. In order for an IT-supported knowledge repository to be successful, it must be used. Thus, the content of the repository is critical for success. Our work reveals that the process of capturing new knowledge is critical if the knowledge repository is to include relevant and updated knowledge. With the purpose of supporting the capture process, this thesis provides a detailed characterization of the capture process as well as guidance aiming to facilitate the implementation of the capture process in such a way that knowledge is continuously captured, also after the KM implementation project is completed. We argue that the continuous capture of new knowledge which can potentially be stored in the knowledge repository will, in the long term perspective, have a positive influence on the usefulness of the repository. This will most likely increase the number of users of the repository and accordingly increase the number of successful KM projects.

    All the work presented in this thesis is the result of a qualitative research process comprising a literature review and an empirical study that were carried out in parallel. The empirical study is a case study inspired by action research, which involved participation in the project Efficient Knowledge Management and Learning in Knowledge Intensive Organizations (EKLär).

  • 22.
    Aghaee, Naghmeh
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Finding Potential Problems in the Thesis Process in Higher Education: Analysis of e-mails to develop a support system2015In: Education and Information Technologies: Official Journal of the IFIP technical committee on Education, ISSN 1360-2357, E-ISSN 1573-7608, Vol. 20, no 1, 21-36 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Autonomous learning hype has created much speculation in educational systems regarding how to develop the learning process. Final project (thesis) in Bachelor’s and Master’s levels is a significant part of study for students in higher education. However, there are some problems, which lead students not managing to do or finish their thesis. As a part of a solution to these problems, the Department of Computer and Systems Sciences (DSV) at Stockholm University, Sweden, has established an information and communication platform, called SciPro. The system was initiated in 2011 to support students and supervisors during the thesis process courses. This study contributes by exploring problems that learners have faced during the final project courses and analyzing discussed issues in the emails, sent to the SciPro support group, ThesisSupport. A random sample of one hundred emails has been analyzed with the help of a content analysis tool, in order to develop the categories, which cover the discussed issues. The result of the study shows six exhaustive and mutually exclusive categories of problems: 1) Thesis initiation (26 %), 2) Info-mail (4.7 %), 3) Technical issues (17.1 %), 4) Exemption (18.7 %), 5) Supervision (17.1 %), 6) Final seminar (16.4 %). Consequently, based on the significance of the categories, two groups of strategic suggestions are developed: 1) developing communications and 2) developing instructions. These strategies intend to enhance support for the autonomous learning process for the thesis courses in higher education.

  • 23.
    Aghaee, Naghmeh
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Hansson, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Tedre, Matti
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Drougge, Ulrika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Learners’ Perceptions on the Structure and Usefulness of e-Resources for the Thesis Courses2014In: European Journal of Open and Distance Learning, ISSN 1027-5207, E-ISSN 1027-5207, Vol. 17, no 1, 154-171 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays, utility of information and communication technology (ICT) in education is a way to facilitate interaction and accessing information for learning in higher education. However, finding a set of structured e-resources to facilitate learning within specific courses is still a big challenge in most of the institutions and universities. This includes the problems and challenges for the thesis courses in both undergraduate (Bachelor) and graduate (Master) level in Sweden. To overcome or reduce the problems and enhance quality of outcomes in the thesis courses, the department of Computer and Systems Sciences (DSV) at Stockholm University has developed a Learning Support System, SciPro (Scientific Process), to support thesis process. This study aims at investigating learners’ perspectives on usefulness of structured e-resources in order to reduce challenges for finding information related to the thesis steps in SciPro. This is done based on an open online survey, carried out in 2012-2013 of students’ perspectives at DSV. The study found the actual problems and hence suggested a model as a way forward to sort the useful e-resources to support reducing the problems in the thesis process.

  • 24.
    Aghaee, Naghmeh
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Jobe, William Byron
    Karunaratne, Thashmee
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Smedberg, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Hansson, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Tedre, Matti
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Interaction Gaps in PhD Education and ICT as a Way Forward: Results from a Study in Sweden2016In: The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, ISSN 1492-3831, Vol. 17, no 3, 360-383 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many research studies have highlighted the low completion rate and slow progress in PhD education. Universities strive to improve throughput and quality in their PhD education programs. In this study, the perceived problems of PhD education are investigated from PhD students' points of view, and how an Information and Communication Technology Support System (ICTSS) may alleviate these problems. Data were collected through an online open questionnaire sent to the PhD students at the Department of (the institution's name has been removed during the double-blind review) with a 59% response rate. The results revealed a number of problems in the PhD education and highlighted how online technology can support PhD education and facilitate interaction and communication, affect the PhD students' satisfaction, and have positive impacts on PhD students' stress. A system was prototyped, in order to facilitate different types of online interaction through accessing a set of online and structured resources and specific communication channels. Although the number of informants was not large, the result of the study provided some rudimentary ideas that refer to interaction problems and how an online ICTSS may facilitate PhD education by providing distance and collaborative learning, and PhD students' self-managed communication.

  • 25.
    Aghaee, Naghmeh
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Karunaratne, Thashmee
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Smedberg, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Jobe, William Byron
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    ICT for Communication and Collaborative Learning among PhD peers: Results of the Needs and Desires from a PhD Survey2014In: DSV writers hut 2014: proceedings, August 21-22, Åkersberga, Sweden / [ed] Gustaf Juell-Skielse, Stockholm: Department of Computer and Systems Sciences, Stockholm University , 2014, 33-40 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Aghaee, Naghmeh
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Larsson, Ken
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Students’ Perspectives on Utility of Mobile Applications in Higher Education2013In: Trends in Mobile Web Information Systems: Revised Selected Papers / [ed] Maristella Matera, Gustavo Rossi, Springer Publishing Company, 2013, 44-56 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in pedagogy and learning in higher education supports the concept of Technology Enhanced Learning (TEL). Mobile devices and applications with educational purposes are part of using online ICT and facilitate autonomous learning in education. Using mobile applications for education has significantly improved in the last few years. However, there is still a gap, in which this concept is still not widely known and frequently experienced by learners. As a part of supporting TEL in higher education and filling this gap, the department of Computer and System Sciences at Stockholm University in Sweden is planning to develop a mobile application for the SciPro system. SciPro is the computer-mediated communication platform to support enhancement of thesis quality and facilitate autonomous learning in higher education, at both Bachelor and Master levels. This study aims to investigate and evaluate learners’ perspectives about utility of mobile applications in higher education and specifically to support SciPro functionalities. Almost 95% of the respondents use mobile applications for higher education and believe in the utility of mobile applications for supporting learning in higher education. This is while there are a few respondents (less than 5%), who do not fully share this opinion. More than 70% of the respondents think that a SciPro mobile application will add value to their thesis process. Even though it may not directly affect the speed and quality of the thesis, it will increase mobility, availability, and flexibility of accessing information and resources in SciPro.

  • 27.
    Aghaee, Naghmeh
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Larsson, Ulf
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Hansson, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Improving the Thesis Process: Analysis of Scipro Support e-mails2012Manuscript (preprint) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 28.
    Aghaee, Nam
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Karunaratne, Thashmee
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Smedberg, Åsa B.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Jobe, William
    Communication and Collaboration Gaps among PhD Students and ICT as a Way Forward: Results from a Study in Sweden2015In: E-Learn: 20 th annual World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2015, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Stockholm University, University Library.
    Grönqvist, Leif
    Evaluation of retrieval effectiveness with incomplete relevance data: theoretical and experimental comparison of three measures2008In: Information Processing & Management, ISSN 0306-4573, Vol. 44, no 1, 212-225 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 30. Ahltorp, Magnus
    et al.
    Skeppstedt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Dalianis, Hercules
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Kvist, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Using text prediction for facilitating input and improving readability of clinical text2013In: MedInfo 2013: Proceedings of the 14th World Congress on Medical and Health Informatics / [ed] Christoph Ulrich Lehmann, Elske Ammenwerth, Christian Nøhr, IOS Press, 2013, 1149-1149 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Text prediction has the potential for facilitating and speeding up the documentation work within health care, making it possible for health personnel to allocate less time to documentation and more time to patient care. It also offers a way to produce clinical text with fewer misspellings and abbreviations, increasing readability. We have explored how text prediction can be used for input of clinical text, and how the specific challenges of text prediction in this domain can be addressed. A text prediction prototype was constructed using data from a medical journal and from medical terminologies. This prototype achieved keystroke savings of 26% when evaluated on texts mimicking authentic clinical text. The results are encouraging, indicating that there are feasible methods for text prediction in the clinical domain.

  • 31. Ahltorp, Magnus
    et al.
    Skeppstedt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Kitajima, Shiho
    Rzepka, Rafal
    Araki, Kenji
    Medical vocabulary mining using distributional semantics on Japanese patient blogs2014In: Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Semantic Mining in Biomedicine, 2014, 57-62 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Random indexing has previously been successfully used for medical vocabulary expansion for Germanic languages. In this study, we used this approach to ex- tract medical terms from a Japanese pa- tient blog corpus. The corpus was seg- mented into semantic units by a semantic role labeller, and different pre-processing and parameter settings were then evalu- ated. The evaluation showed that simi- lar settings are suitable for Japanese as for previously explored Germanic languages, and that distributional semantics is equally useful for semi-automatic expansion of Japanese medical vocabularies as for med- ical vocabularies in Germanic languages.

  • 32. Ahmad, Fouad
    et al.
    Ibrahim, Maha
    El-Esnawy, N
    Fors, Uno
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    An e-Learning Faculty Development Course with Formative Assessment2010In: 16th Annual Sloan Consortium International Conference on Online Learning, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    An e-Learning faculty development course has been developed and taught in Egypt for the past five years. The course adopts Formative Assessment (FA) techniques to enhance participants' learning. The additional FA effort for collecting and analyzing data as well as adjusting teaching is worth investing to accommodate gaps in learning.

  • 33.
    Aidemark, Jan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Strategic Planning of Knowledge Management Systems: A Problem Exploration Approach2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge management (KM) is focused on the problems and opportunities of using organizational knowledge as a resource. Information systems that are used to support KM processes are called knowledge management systems (KMS). A KMS is distinguished from any information system by the organizational processes that it supports, that is, creation, capture, storage and dissemination of competences and knowledge. The research area can be summarized as: “Perspectives and frameworks for the strategic planning of knowledge management systems, i.e. information systems for the support of organizational knowledge processes”. We approach the problem area from a strategic point of view, assuming that the problems of the area are based on a socio-technical dimension and that a multiple-paradigm approach is necessary for dealing with the problems of the various KM areas. The research strategy applied to achieve this is interpretative case studies. A number of case studies are used for exploring KM planning areas, developing frameworks for planning and testing the resulting approach. The empirical material consists of three main case studies, together with a number of secondary cases by other writers in the KM field. The outcome of the research is a planning approach, which is given the name: “The problem exploration approach”. The approach is intended for the generation of ideas of possible systems, as a strategic part of knowledge management systems planning. The purpose of the planning approach is to support the creation of a portfolio of KMS. A KMS portfolio is a structured set of information systems that could be developed for an organizational unit. The approach consists of five planning frameworks, all targeting different aspects of an organization. “The problem exploration approach” and its development process are then examined for more general insights into the subject of strategic KM planning. As an outcome of this examination a 12-point program for balancing a planning approach is presented.

  • 34. Al Qassimi, Najla
    et al.
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    IT Governance in a Public Organization in a Developing Country: a Case Study of a Governmental Organization2015In: Conference on Enterprise Information Systems 2015 (CENTERIS 2015) / [ed] Maria Manuela Cruz-Cunha and Varajão João Eduardo, Elsevier , 2015, Vol. 64, 450-456 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Al Sabbagh, Bilal
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Ameen, Marihan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Wätterstam, Tove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Kowalski, Stewart
    Gjøvik University College Oslo, Norway.
    A Prototype For HI²Ping Information Security Culture and Awareness Training2012In: 2012 International Conference on e-Learning and e-Technologies in Education (ICEEE), IEEE Xplore Digital Library , 2012, 32-36 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this short paper, we propose a security culture and awareness training platform that suite different learning styles and preferences. The objective is to operationalize the platform for improving individuals security awareness and learn more about their security mental models as well as how their cultural background influence their perception of security. Useful application of the tool is to enhance the effectiveness of security knowledge transfer in a security incident response process management and to develop staff commitment to security policies at organizations. The tool can also help on enabling a global security culture by creating a common understanding of security best practices. Qualitative results show the tool can play a promising role in security education as it combines different mediums for communicating the required information to fit the audience different learning styles.

  • 36.
    Al Sabbagh, Bilal
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Kowalski, Stewart
    A Socio-technical Framework for Threat Modeling a Software Supply Chain2015In: IEEE Security and Privacy, ISSN 1540-7993, E-ISSN 1558-4046, Vol. 13, no 4, 30-39 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Al Sabbagh, Bilal
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Kowalski, Stewart
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    ST(CS)2 - Featuring socio-technical cyber security warning systems2012In: Cyber Security, Cyber Warfare and Digital Forensic (CyberSec), 2012 International Conference on, IEEE Xplore Digital Library , 2012, 312-316 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this short paper we propose a socio-technical framework for developing cyber security warning systems. We start by reviewing latest research and theories on socio-technical nature of information systems security. We then show the need to consider the social dimension of information systems security as recommended by number of global security consortiums. Afterward we review the development of some of the main currently existing global cyber security warning systems. Finally we present our suggested socio-technical coordination platform to feature socio-technical enabled cyber security warning systems.

  • 38.
    Al Sabbagh, Bilal
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Kowalski, Stewart
    Gjøvik University College, Oslo, Norway.
    Developing social metrics for security: modeling the security culture of it workers individuals  (Case study)2012In: 2012 Mosharaka International Conference on Communications, Computers and Applications (MIC-CCA), IEEE Xplore Digital Library , 2012, 112-118 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this short paper we present and discuss the findings of a case study aimed at developing social security metrics for modeling the security culture of certain individuals. Using these metrics we have modeled the security culture of IT workers individuals from Saudi Arabia. We suggest these metrics can be used for modeling and comparing different security cultures to develop a global security culture required for effective global response to cyber security issues. We start by reviewing the latest research on the social aspects of information security. Then we highlight the history of the under-development social security metrics. Afterward we discuss the setup of the case study and the methodology used. Finally, we discuss the experiment results and suggested further research work.

  • 39.
    Al Sabbagh, Bilal
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Kowalski, Stewart
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Security from a Systems Thinking Perspective - Applying Soft Systems Methodology to the Analysis of an Information Security Incident2014In: Proceedings of the 58th Annual Meeting of the International Society for the Systems Sciences (ISSS 2014), York: International Society for the Systems Sciences ( ISSS ) , 2014, 1-17 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Applying systems theory to information security enables security analysts to consider the socio-technical role of the security system instead of only focusing on the technical part. Systems theory can also equip security analysts with the skills required to have a holistic and an abstract level of understanding of the security problem in their organisations and to proactively define and evaluate existing risks. The Soft Systems Methodology (SSM) developed by Peter Checkland was created in order to deal with unstructured situations where human beings are part of the socio-technical system. In this paper, SSM is applied as a framework to diagnose a real case security incident in an organisation. The purpose of this application is to demonstrate how the methodology can be considered a beneficial tool for security analysts during security incident management and risk analysis. Literature review and experience indicate an existing lack of customisable incident response tools that facilitate communication and elaboration within organizations during incident management. In addition to the fact that these tools are mainly technical and don’t take the human factor into consideration. Using SSM as such, we define the security attack as a human activity transformation system that transforms a security event triggered by an attacker into a security breach that cause damage to the victim organisation. The attack system is then modelled to include a number of dependent activity sub-systems that interact with each other and their environment including the security control activity systems. By having such systemic perception of a security attack, security analysts, we suggest, can have a holistic perception under what conditions a security attack has succeeded and what elements of the socio-technical system and its environment should have been considered in order to mitigate and reduce the risk exposure.

  • 40.
    Alfalahi, Alyaa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Brissman, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Dalianis, Hercules
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Pseudonymisation of Personal Names and other PHIs in an Annotated Clinical Swedish Corpus2012In: LREC 2012, Eighth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation / [ed] Nicoletta Calzolari et al., 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today a large number of patient records are produced and these records contain valuable information, often in free text, about the medical treatment of patients. Since these records contain information that can reveal the identity of patients, known as protected health information (PHI), the records cannot easily be made available for the research community. In this research we have used a PHI annotated clinical corpora, written in Swedish, that we have pseudonymised. Pseudonymisation means to replace the sensitive information with fictive information for example real personal names are replaced with fictive personal names based on the gender of the real names and family relations. We have evaluated our results and our five respondents of who three were clinicians found that the clinical text looks real and is readable. We have also added pseudonymisation for telephone numbers, locations, health care units, dates and ages. In this paper we also present the entire de-identification and pseudonymisation process of a sample clinical text.

  • 41.
    Alfalahi, Alyaa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Eriksson, Gunnar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Sneiders, Eriks
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Shadow Answers as an Intermediary in Email Answer Retrieval2015In: Experimental IR Meets Multilinguality, Multimodality, and Interaction: 6th International Conference of the CLEF Association, CLEF’15 Toulouse, France, September 8–11, 2015, Proceedings / [ed] Josiane Mothe et al, Springer , 2015, 209-214 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A set of standard answers facilitates answering emails at customer care centers. Matching the text of user emails to the standard answers may not be productive because they do not necessarily have the same wording. Therefore we examine archived email-answer pairs and establish query-answer term co-occurrences. When a new user email arrives, we replace query words with most co-occurring answer words and obtain a “shadow answer”, which is a new query to retrieve standard answers. As a measure of term co-occurrence strength we test raw term co-occurrences and Pointwise Mutual Information.

  • 42.
    Alfalahi, Alyaa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Skeppstedt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Ahlbom, Rickard
    Baskalayci, Roza
    Henriksson, Aron
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Asker, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Paradis, Carita
    Kerren, Andreas
    Expanding a dictionary of marker words for uncertainty and negation using distributional semantics2015In: Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing, Association for Computational Linguistics , 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Approaches to determining the factuality of diagnoses and findings in clinical text tend to rely on dictionaries of marker words for uncertainty and negation. Here, a method for semi-automatically expanding a dictionary of marker words using distributional semantics is presented and evaluated. It is shown that ranking candidates for inclusion according to their proximity to cluster centroids of semantically similar seed words is more successful than ranking them according to proximity to each individual seed word.

  • 43.
    Allard, Anna
    et al.
    Institutionen för Skoglig Resurshushållning .
    Skånes, Helle
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology (INK).
    Miljöövervakning via infraröda flygbilder, ett väl använt verktyg med goda framtidsutsikter i Sverige2010In: Kart- och bildteknik (Mapping and Image Science), Vol. 4, 20-23 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 44.
    Allvin, Helen
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Carlsson, Elin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Dalianis, Hercules
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Danielsson-Ojala, Riitta
    Daudaravieius, Vidas
    Hassel, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Kokkinakis, Dimitrios
    Lundgrén-Laine, Heljä
    Nilsson, Gunnar H.
    Nytrø, Øystein
    Salanterä, Sanna
    Skeppstedt, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Suominen, Hanna
    Velupillai, Sumithra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Characteristics of Finnish and Swedish intensive care nursing narratives: a comparative analysis to support the development of clinical language technologies2011In: Journal of Biomedical Semantics, ISSN 2041-1480, Vol. 2, no S1, 1-11 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Free text is helpful for entering information into electronic health records, but reusing it is a challenge. The need for language technology for processing Finnish and Swedish healthcare text is therefore evident; however, Finnish and Swedish are linguistically very dissimilar. In this paper we present a comparison of characteristics in Finnish and Swedish free-text nursing narratives from intensive care. This creates a framework for characterising and comparing clinical text and lays the groundwork for developing clinical language technologies. Methods: Our material included daily nursing narratives from one intensive care unit in Finland and one in Sweden. Inclusion criteria for patients were an inpatient period of least five days and an age of at least 16 years. We performed a comparative analysis as part of a collaborative effort between Finnish- and Swedish-speaking healthcare and language technology professionals that included both qualitative and quantitative aspects. The qualitative analysis addressed the content and structure of three average- sized health records from each country. In the quantitative analysis 514 Finnish and 379 Swedish health records were studied using various language technology tools. Results: Although the two languages are not closely related, nursing narratives in Finland and Sweden had many properties in common. Both made use of specialised jargon and their content was very similar. However, many of these characteristics were challenging regarding development of language technology to support producing and using clinical documentation. Conclusions: The way Finnish and Swedish intensive care nursing was documented, was not country or language dependent, but shared a common context, principles and structural features and even similar vocabulary elements. Technology solutions are therefore likely to be applicable to a wider range of natural languages, but they need linguistic tailoring. Availability: The Finnish and Swedish data can be found at: http://www.dsv.su.se/ hexanord/data/

  • 45.
    Allvin, Helen
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Kvist, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Lättillgängliga journaler – rättighet med problem?2011Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 46.
    Alm, Håkan
    et al.
    University of Borås, , .
    Forsgren, Olov
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Torbjörn, Johansson
    Umeå University, , .
    Göbel, Hannes
    University of Borås, , .
    X-services - eXtended avatar-services with integrated human – driven knowledge management – a new service galaxy2011In: eChallenges e-2011, Florens, Italy, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 47. Alm, Håkan
    et al.
    Janecek, Paul
    Forsgren, Olov
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Co-design Research and Business Development: Case of Scandinavian Airlines (SAS)2014In: Systemic Practice and Action Research, ISSN 1094-429X, E-ISSN 1573-9295, Vol. 27, no 5, 465-483 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is presenting a case study of Scandinavian Airlines Systems (SAS) showing how improvements of service quality aspects with Avatars can be managed with a Co-design research approach. The Co-design practices are carried out in different fields of studies. Some of the key advocates of Co-design originate from business. In this study the four steps of Co-design approach is applied. From the first step of Co-design, through interviews, log analysis and a channel survey, findings show that the failed dialogues with Avatar Eva are mainly concerned with five factors: interactivity; dialogue capability; consistency; knowledge; and synonyms. In the second step, carrying out customer workshops, we suggested ten ideal scenarios for Avatar Eva to perform better. In the third step, SAS decision makers decided to implement the first three scenarios: Eva's synonyms; knowledge and Eva's consistency. In the fourth step, another channel survey was carried out as well as a new log analysis to know the impact of the redevelopment above three scenarios. An important result of the study was that the company adopted a continuous use of Co-design as an approach of continuous improvement of the service quality performed by the Avatar Eva. It also opens a new set of questions framing the relation and transformation between Co-design as a research approach for knowledge creation and Co-design as a method for innovation and service quality improvements. The study presents an Extended Co-design Model, which illustrates how the Co-design inspires staff to use it for other functions within and without the SAS.

  • 48.
    Almberg, Wah-Sui
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Modelling Epidemic Influenza: A Novel Approach2012Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Modelling the dynamics of socio-biological complex systems is no trivial task. The dynamics of the spread of influenza in a population constitutes such a system. There are various tools for modelling influenza spread. These methods have shortcomings that one would like to resolve, for example, lack of insight into the patterns of geographic spreading or incongruence with observed epidemiological patterns of spread. We suggest that the epidemiological characteristics reflect an informational systemic structure at a fundamental level. ‘Information’ here refers to David Bohm’s conception of ‘active information’, a kind of information that is intrinsically part of nature, without the need of a ‘knower’ or observer of the information.

  • 49.
    Almberg, Wah-Sui
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Boman, Magnus
    An Ontological Quantum Mechanics Model of Influenza2010In: ERCIM News, ISSN 0926-4981, no 82, 42-43 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Seasonal flu has prevailed in the temperate zones for 400 years without adequate scientific explanation. We suggest a novel approach to modelling influenza building on the ideas and theories of David Bohm.

  • 50.
    Almberg, Wah-Sui
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Kjellin, Harald
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Reusing Patterns for Indexing and Communicating Knowledge and Insight2011In: International Journal of Computer Information Systems and Industrial Management Applications, Vol. 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Analogies can be used in most areas of human communication to highlight points of special interest. The creation of specific, specialised patterns, examples, or analogies for facilitating communication is resource-consuming. We therefore hypothesize that there are universal patterns that can be used and reused more economically, compared to specialised patterns, for indexing and communicating knowledge. We have conducted empirical tests with altogether 204 students, each one of whom was given 20 minutes to solve problems from six different scientific areas. The results of our tests show clearly an improvement of their problem solving skill when universal patterns were employed as cognitive aids. The average result of the test group that used universal patterns was 81 per cent higher than that of the control group.

1234567 1 - 50 of 1952
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf