Change search
Refine search result
1234 1 - 50 of 166
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the 'Create feeds' function.
  • 1. Aafjes-van Doorn, Katie
    et al.
    Lilliengren, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Clinical psychology.
    Cooper, Angela
    McDonald, James
    Falkenström, Fredrik
    Patients’ Affective Processes Within Initial Experiential Dynamic Therapy Sessions2017In: Psychotherapy, ISSN 0033-3204, E-ISSN 1939-1536, Vol. 54, no 2, 175-183 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research has indicated that patients’ in-session experience of previously avoided affects may be important for effective psychotherapy. The aim of this study was to investigate patients’ in-session levels of affect experiencing in relation to their corresponding levels of insight, motivation, and inhibitory affects in initial Experiential Dynamic Therapy (EDT) sessions. Four hundred sixty-six 10-min video segments from 31 initial sessions were rated using the Achievement of Therapeutic Objectives Scale. A series of multilevel growth models, controlling for between-therapist variability, were estimated to predict patients’ adaptive affect experiencing (Activating Affects) across session segments. In line with our expectations, higher within-person levels of Insight and Motivation related to higher levels of Activating Affects per segment. Contrary to expectations, however, lower levels of Inhibition were not associated with higher levels of Activating Affects. Further, using a time-lagged model, we did not find that the levels of Insight, Motivation, or Inhibition during one session segment predicted Activating Affects in the next, possibly indicating that 10-min segments may be suboptimal for testing temporal relationships in affective processes. Our results suggest that, to intensify patients’ immediate affect experiencing in initial EDT sessions, therapists should focus on increasing insight into defensive patterns and, in particular, motivation to give them up. Future research should examine the impact of specific inhibitory affects more closely, as well as between-therapist variability in patients’ in-session adaptive affect experiencing.

  • 2. Abbass, Allan
    et al.
    Lilliengren, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Town, Joel
    On Paolo Migione's "What Does Brief Mean?"2014In: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, ISSN 0003-0651, E-ISSN 1941-2460, Vol. 62, no 5, NP18-NP22 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Ahlesten, Richard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Psykometriska egenskaper hos Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire for Youth2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Psykologisk inflexibilitet är ett centralt begrepp inom Acceptance and committment therapy (ACT). I enlighet med teorin bakom ACT är människor psykiska lidande starkt sammankopplat med komponenterna som utgör psykologisk inflexibilitet; upplevelsemässigt undvikande och kognitiv fusion. Det psykiska måendet bland barn och ungdomar tenderar att försämras och behovet av psykologiska vårdinsatser ökar. I det sammanhanget är det viktigt med fungerande skattningsinstrument som möjliggör bedömningar och utvärderingar av vårdbehov och vårdinsatser. I uppsatsen undersöktes psykometriska egenskaper hos självskattningsinstrumentet Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire for Youth (AFQ-Y) i en grupp ungdomar som vårdas av Statens institutionsstyrelse. Av resultaten framgick att såväl reliabilitet som validitet var god i de utvalda måtten, faktorstrukturen tolkades som endimensionell. Även graden av psykologisk inflexibilitet i gruppen undersöktes. Bland undersökningsdeltagarna hade flickorna signifikant högre AFQ-Y-resultat jämfört med normpopulationen. Pojkarna avvek inte från normpopulationen.

  • 4. Aletta, Francesco
    et al.
    Kang, Jian
    Axelsson, Östen
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Perception and psychophysics. University of Sheffield, United Kingdom.
    Soundscape descriptors and a conceptual framework for developing predictive soundscape models2016In: Landscape and Urban Planning, ISSN 0169-2046, E-ISSN 1872-6062, Vol. 149, 65-74 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Soundscape exists through human perception of the acoustic environment. This paper investigates how soundscape currently is assessed and measured. It reviews and analyzes the main soundscape descriptors in the soundscape literature, and provides a conceptual framework for developing predictive models in soundscape studies. A predictive soundscape model provides a means of predicting the value of a soundscape descriptor, and the blueprint for how to design soundscape. It is the key for implementing the soundscape approach in urban planning and design. The challenge is to select the appropriate soundscape descriptor and to identify its predictors. The majority of available soundscape descriptors are converging towards a 2-dimensional soundscape model of perceived affective quality (e.g., Pleasantness–Eventfulness, or Calmness–Vibrancy). A third potential dimension is the appropriateness of a soundscape to a place. This dimensions provides complementary information beyond the perceived affective quality. However, it depends largely on context, and because a soundscape may be appropriate to a place although it is poor, this descriptor must probably not be used on its own. With regards to predictors, or soundscape indicators, perceived properties of the acoustic environment (e.g., perceived sound sources) are winning over established acoustic and psychoacoustic metrics. To move this area forward it is necessary that the international soundscape community comes together and agrees on relevant soundscape descriptors. This includes to agree on numerical scales and assessment procedures, as well as to standardize them.

  • 5.
    Alexius, Katarina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Hollander, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Barns behov och vilja vid tvångsvård till följd av omsorgsbrist2014In: Barnrätt : en antologi / [ed] Ann-Christin Cederborg & Wiweka Warnling-Nerep, Stockholm: Norstedts Juridik AB, 2014, 1, 21-38 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vid omhändertaganden av barn ska barnets bästa vara avgörande för de beslut som fattas. I den praktiska tillämpningen innefattar begreppet ofta tolkningar av barns behov, såsom dessa definieras av kompetenta vuxna, och barnets vilja, såsom denna uttrycks av barnet eller uttolkas av vuxna. I denna studie undersöks uttrycken barns behov och vilja samt hur barns behov och vilja bedöms i sociala utredningar och domar som rör tvångsomhändertaganden till följd av omsorgssvikt av barn i familjer där någon förälder har intellektuell funktionsnedsättning.

  • 6. Andersson, C.
    et al.
    Lindau, M.
    Almkvist, Ove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Engfeldt, P.
    Johansson, S.E.
    Eriksdotter Jönhagen, M.
    Identifying patients at high and low risk for cognitive decline using Rey Auditory Verbal Learning test among middle-aged memory clinic out-patients.2006In: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, ISSN 1420-8008, Vol. 21, 251-259 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To investigate whether application of cutoff levels in an episodic memory test (Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, RAVLT) is a useful method for identifying patients at high and low risk of cognitive decline and subsequent dementia. Methods: 224 patients with memory complaints (mean age = 60.7 years, mean MMSE = 28.2) followed-up at a memory clinic over 3 years were assigned retrospectively to one of three memory groups from their baseline results in RAVLT [severe (SIM), moderate (MIM) or no impairment (NIM)]. These groups were investigated regarding cognitive decline. Results: Patients assigned to SIM showed significant cognitive decline and progressed to dementia at a high rate, while a normal performance in RAVLT at baseline (NIM) predicted normal cognition after 3 years. Patients with MIM constituted a heterogeneous group; some patients deteriorated cognitively, while the majority remained stable or improved. Conclusions: The application of cutoff levels in RAVLT at baseline showed that patients with severely impaired RAVLT performance were at a high risk of cognitive decline and progression to dementia, while patients with normal RAVLT results did not show cognitive decline during 3 years. Furthermore, the initial degree of memory impairment was decisive in the cognitive prognosis 3 years later.

  • 7. Andersson, Erik
    et al.
    Enander, Jesper
    Andrén, Per
    Hedman, Erik
    Ljótsson, Brjánn
    Hursti, Timo
    Bergström, Jan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Psychiatry, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm,.
    Kaldo, Viktor
    Lindefors, Nils
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Rück, Christian
    Internet-based cognitive behaviour therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder: a randomized controlled trial2012In: Psychological Medicine, ISSN 0033-2917, E-ISSN 1469-8978, Vol. 42, no 10, 2193-2203 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) but access to CBT is limited. Internet-based CBT (ICBT) with therapist support is potentially a more accessible treatment. There are no randomized controlled trials testing ICBT for OCD. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of ICBT for OCD in a randomized controlled trial.

    Method Participants (n=101) diagnosed with OCD were randomized to either 10 weeks of ICBT or to an attention control condition, consisting of online supportive therapy. The primary outcome measure was the Yale–Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (YBOCS) administered by blinded assessors.

    Results Both treatments lead to significant improvements in OCD symptoms, but ICBT resulted in larger improvements than the control condition on the YBOCS, with a significant between-group effect size (Cohen's d) of 1.12 (95% CI 0.69–1.53) at post-treatment. The proportion of participants showing clinically significant improvement was 60% (95% CI 46–72) in the ICBT group compared to 6% (95% CI 1–17) in the control condition. The results were sustained at follow-up.

    Conclusions ICBT is an efficacious treatment for OCD that could substantially increase access to CBT for OCD patients. Replication studies are warranted.

  • 8. Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Bergström, Jan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lindefors, Nils
    The use of the Internet in the treatment of anxiety disorders2005In: Current Opinion in Psychiatry, ISSN 0951-7367, E-ISSN 1473-6578, Vol. 18, no 1, 73-73 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9. Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Bergström, Jan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Holländare, Fredrik
    Carlbring, Per
    Kaldo, Viktor
    Ekselius, Lisa
    Internet-based self-help for depression: randomised controlled trial2005In: British Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0007-1250, E-ISSN 1472-1465, Vol. 187, no 5, 456-461 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet och Karolinska Instutet.
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Clinical psychology.
    Behandling via internet2016In: Socialt arbete och internet: att förstå och hantera sociala problem på nya arenor / [ed] Kristian Daneback, Emma Sorbring, Stockholm: Liber, 2016, 215-225 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom det sociala arbetets praktik ser vi en ökad närvaro av internetrelaterade problem. Samtidigt föredrar allt fler människor webbaserad hjälp, samt råd och stöd i relation till mer traditionella behandlings- och preventionsprogram, vilket öppnar för nya möjligheter för det sociala arbetet.

  • 11.
    Annell, Stefan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lindfors, Petra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. North-West University, South Africa.
    Police selection – implications during training and early career2015In: Policing: an international Journal of Police Strategies and Managment, ISSN 1363-951X, Vol. 38, no 2, 221-238 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The cost of selecting and training new police officers is high. However, previous researchhas provided limited guidance on how to select the best applicants. The purpose of this paper is toenhance the understanding of the possibilities to select suitable applicants by using combinations offour common categories of selection methods, namely cognitive tests, personality inventories, physicaltests, and rater-based methods (i.e. interviews).

    Design/methodology/approach – Using a sample of Swedish police recruits (n¼750) the authorsperformed hierarchical multiple regression analyses, predicting four criteria – performance, satisfaction,retention, and health – at three consecutive time points (after two years of academy training, after sixmonths of field training, and after the first work year).

    Findings – No group of selection methods consistently predicted all four criteria at the three timepoints. In most analyses more than one class of selection methods were statistically significant, but thefindings did not support the use of rater-based methods.

    Practical implications – Instead of the common praxis of using interviews, the findings suggest analternative praxis. This involves using the remaining information from cognitive tests, personalityinventories, and general fitness tests that had been used in earlier hurdles to screen out unsuitable applicants.

    Originality/value – The study extends previous research by including several follow-ups, showingthe value of combining different selection methods, and using alternative criteria of successful policerecruitment (i.e. satisfaction, retention, and health).

  • 12. Anund, Anna
    et al.
    Fors, Carina
    Hallvig, David
    Åkerstedt, Torbjörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    Kecklund, Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    Observer rated sleepiness and real road driving: an explorative study2013In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 5, e64782Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to explore if observer rated sleepiness (ORS) is a feasible method for quantification of driver sleepiness in field studies. Two measures of ORS were used: (1) one for behavioural signs based on facial expression, body gestures and body movements labelled B-ORS, and (2) one based on driving performance e.g. if swerving and other indicators of impaired driving occurs, labelled D-ORS. A limited number of observers sitting in the back of an experimental vehicle on a motorway about 2 hours repeatedly 3 times per day (before lunch, after lunch, at night) observed 24 participant's sleepiness level with help of the two observer scales. At the same time the participant reported subjective sleepiness (KSS), EOG was recorded (for calculation of blink duration) and several driving measure were taken and synchronized with the reporting. Based on mixed model Anova and correlation analysis the result showed that observer ratings of sleepiness based on drivers' impaired performance and behavioural signs are sensitive to extend the general pattern of time awake, circadian phase and time of driving. The detailed analysis of the subjective sleepiness and ORS showed weak correspondence on an individual level. Only 16% of the changes in KSS were predicted by the observer. The correlation between the observer ratings based on performance (D-ORS) and behavioural signs (B-ORS) are high (r = .588), and the B-ORS shows a moderately strong association (r = .360) with blink duration. Both ORS measures show an association (r>0.45) with KSS, whereas the association with driving performance is weak. The results show that the ORS-method detects the expected general variations in sleepy driving in field studies, however, sudden changes in driver sleepiness on a detailed level as 5 minutes is usually not detected; this holds true both when taking into account driving behaviour or driver behavioural signs.

  • 13.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Arbets- och organisationspsykologi.
    Rörlighet, inlåsning och hälsa2007In: Rörlighet för ett dynamiskt arbetsliv: Lärdomar från Dynamoprogrammet, Vinnova , 2007Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Tillit2015In: Psykisk hälsa, ISSN 0033-3212, Vol. 56, no 3, 22-30 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Bejerot, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Brist på kollegialt inflytande urholkar lojalitet med chef och organisation ... men inte med patienterna2014In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, Vol. 111, CM9U- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I en enkätstudie undersöktes relationen mellan läkares uppfattning om kollegialt inflytande och lojalitet, protest och sorti.

    Stark lojalitet med organisation och chef är 2–3 gånger vanligare bland dem som har stor tillgång till arenor för kollegialt inflytande. Lojaliteten med profession och patienter är stark och oberoende av tillgång till arenor.

    Bland dem som har stor tillgång till arenor anser 87 procent att de får gehör för synpunkter jämfört med 21 procent bland dem med liten tillgång. 

    Överväganden om att byta yrke, arbetsgivare eller arbetsplats är dubbelt så vanliga vid liten tillgång till arenor.

    Arbetsgivare som vill attrahera läkare måste ha arenor där läkarna får inflytande över verksamheten.

  • 16.
    Arvonen, Jouko
    Stockholm University.
    Change, production and employees: an integrated model of leadership2002Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Astvik, Wanja
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Melin, Marika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Allvin, Michael
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Survival strategies in social work: A study of how coping strategies affect service quality, professionalism and employee health2014In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 4, no 1, 52-66 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The restructuring of human service organisations into more lean organisations has brought increased work demands for many human service professions. Social work stands out as a particularly exposed occupational group, in which high work demands are paired with a large individual responsibility to carry out the job. The objectives of the study were to identify what kind of coping strategies social workers employ to handle the imbalance between demands and resources in work and to investigate how different strategies affect outcomes regarding health, service quality and professional development. 16 individual interviews and four group interviews with another 16 social workers were conducted. The analysis identified five different main types of strategies: Compensatory, Demand-reducing, Disengagement, Voice and Exit. An extensive use of compensatory strategies was connected with negative outcomes in health. Often these compensatory strategies were replaced or combined with different means of reducing the work demands, which in turn influence performance and service quality in a negative way. The results highlight dilemmas the social workers are facing when the responsibility to deal with this imbalance are “decentralised” to the individual social worker. When resources do not match the organisational goals or quality standards, the social workers are forced into strategies that either endanger their own health or threaten the quality of service.

  • 18.
    Backlund, Yvonne
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Johansson, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Kompetenstransfer efter omställning i arbetslivet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kompetenstransfer handlar om att överföra sin kunskap och kompetensfrån en situation till en annan. Tidigare forskning har belyst transfer i en utbildningskontext men inte i en kontext av arbetsbyten. Syftet med studien var att se om variablerna: self-efficacy, karriärplanering, samt personlighetsdraget samvetsgrannhet har ett samband medkompetenstransfer i en kontext av omställning och byte av arbete. Studien genomfördes med hjälp av en webbaserad enkätundersökning och urvalet bestod av 62 personer som erhölls av ett omställningsföretag. Resultatet från en hierarkisk regressionsanalys visade att karriärplaneringsvariabeln karriärbyte hade ett signifikant samband med kompetenstransfer; personer som inte bytt bransch upplever mer kompetenstransfer än de som bytt bransch. Denna studie fann inte att variablerna samvetsgrannhet och self-efficacy var viktiga för kompetenstransfer vid arbetsbyten. Flera studier med ett större underlag behövs för att kunna dra mer pålitliga slutsatser huruvida dessa variabler spelar roll eller inte.

  • 19.
    Backlund, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Elevhälsoarbete i grundskolan - resurser och organisation2009In: Psykolog i skolan / [ed] Elinor Schad, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, 1:1, 21-34 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20. Bergsten, Katja
    Lindert, Patrik (Contributor)
    Pettersson, Kristoffer (Contributor)
    Hellquist, Linda (Contributor)
    Almebäck, Lasse (Contributor)
    Affektfokuserad psykodynamisk terapi: teori, empiri och praktik2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Bergström, Jan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Les nouvelles thérapies par Internet2013In: RESET – Recherches en Sciences Sociales sur Internet, ISSN 2264-6221, Vol. 1, no 2, 130-149 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    Cet article propose une synthèse du développement scientifique du traitement psychologique par Internet, en explicitant et discutant ses traits caractéristiques. L’auteur y compare ce type de soin avec la psychothérapie traditionnelle et dessine les enjeux que revêtent les traitements sur Internet dans le champ de la psychothérapie; avant tout au niveau théorique mais aussi au niveau pratique. Plus précisément, il met en évidence les nombreux facteurs indiquant que les thérapies utilisant Internet constituent, cent ans après la naissance de la discipline, un défi profond et durable pour la psychothérapie.

  • 22.
    Bergström, Jan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Karlsson, Andreas
    Andréewitch, Sergej
    Rück, Christian
    Carlbring, Per
    Lindefors, Nils
    An open study of the effectiveness of Internet treatment for panic disorder delivered in a psychiatric setting2009In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 63, no 1, 44-50 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Bergström, Jan
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Center for Psychiatry Research, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Ljótsson, Brjánn
    Rück, Christian
    Andréewitch, Sergej
    Karlsson, Andreas
    Carlbring, Per
    Andersson, Erik
    Lindefors, Nils
    Internet-versus group-administered cognitive behaviour therapy for panic disorder in a psychiatric setting: a randomised trial2010In: BMC Psychiatry, ISSN 1471-244X, Vol. 10, 54-63 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Bernhard-Oettel, Claudia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Rigotti, Thomas
    Clinton, Michael
    de Jong, Jeroen
    Job insecurity and well-being in the temporary workforce: Testing volition and contract expectations as boundary conditions2013In: European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, ISSN 1359-432X, E-ISSN 1464-0643, Vol. 22, no 2, 203-217 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates whether temporary contract volition and workers' expectations for contract renewal are boundary conditions to explain differences in temporary workers' job insecurity feelings and well-being. It is hypothesized that (1) low volition through higher job insecurity indirectly associates with lower well-being and that (2) temporary workers' expectations of contract renewal weakens the links between both low volition and high job insecurity and high job insecurity and impaired well-being. Results based on an international data set of 1755 temporary workers employed in the education, manufacturing, and service sectors supported the first hypothesis and partly also the second. More specifically, low preferences for temporary contracts associated via higher job insecurity with lower job satisfaction, impaired health, and higher irritation. Contract expectations placed a boundary condition upon this indirect relation; however, the negative association between high job insecurity and impaired well-being was not weakened but strengthened. In conclusion, particularly temporary workers with low contract volition and high job insecurity feelings, who have high expectations for contract renewal are at risk for impaired well-being. Hence, this study sheds light onto the question how volition for temporary work and expected contract renewal relate to job insecurity and associate with individual well-being.

  • 25.
    Berntson, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Bernhard-Oettel, Claudia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Christensen, Marit
    Clausen, Thomas
    Mauno, Saija
    The Launch of a New Scandinavian Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, E-ISSN 2002-2867, Vol. 1, no 1, 1-2 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26.
    Berntson, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Bernhard-Oettel, Claudia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Hellgren, Johnny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Näswall, Katharina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology. University of Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Enkätmetodik2016Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Enkätmetodik ger såväl teoretisk som praktisk kunskap om enkätundersökningar från att identifiera ett problem och formulera lämpliga frågor, till att analysera och tolka resultatet. Boken har ett evidensbaserat perspektiv där läsaren får lära sig olika verktyg som bidrar till undersökningens tillförlitlighet.

    Fokus ligger på metodiken, som förklaras och sätts in i sitt sammanhang med hjälp av många exempel, faktarutor och tydliga beskrivningar. Läsaren får således god förståelse för centrala områden såsom mätteori, reliabilitet, validitet och faktoranalys.

  • 27.
    Berntson, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Marklund, Staffan
    The relationship between perceived employability and subsequent health2007In: Work & Stress, ISSN 1464-5335, Vol. 21, no 3, 279-292 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Being capable of getting new employment may enable an employee to cope with turbulent situations or deteriorating job conditions. Individuals who have higher perceived employability are likely to appraise a situation at work more favourably, and consequently experience better health and wellbeing. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between perceived employability and subsequent health, while controlling for baseline health, background factors, and work environment exposures. The study is based on 53 items in the National Working Life Cohort in Sweden from two data collections (2004 and 2005), comprising 1918 individuals. Forced entry hierarchical regression analysis showed that, after controlling for demographics, psychological demands, control, and ergonomic exposures, perceived employability was positively associated with global health and mental well-being, but unrelated to physical complaints. When baseline health status was added, perceived employability was still a significant predictor of two out of three outcome variables. Individuals with higher perceived employability had a tendency to report better health and well-being a year later. It is concluded that how an employee perceives his or her possibilities in regard to acquiring new employment is relevant for well-being at a later stage. Perceived employability, which has been little studied before, is therefore a useful concept in health promotion, both at the individual and at the organizational level.

  • 28. Bjaastad, Jon Fauskanger
    et al.
    Haugland, Bente Storm Mowatt
    Fjermestad, Krister W.
    Torsheim, Torbjorn
    Havik, Odd E.
    Heiervang, Einar R.
    Öst, Lars-Goran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Clinical psychology. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Competence and Adherence Scale for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CAS-CBT) for Anxiety Disorders in Youth: Psychometric Properties2016In: Psychological Assessment, ISSN 1040-3590, E-ISSN 1939-134X, Vol. 28, no 8, 908-916 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Competence and Adherence Scale for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CAS-CBT). The CAS-CBT is an 11-item scale developed to measure adherence and competence in cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders in youth. A total of 181 videotapes from the treatment sessions in a randomized controlled effectiveness trial (Wergeland et al., 2014) comprising youth (N = 182, M age = 11.5 years, SD = 2.1, range 8-15 years, 53% girls, 90.7% Caucasian) with mixed anxiety disorders were assessed with the CAS-CBT to investigate interitem correlations, internal consistency, and factor structure. Internal consistency was good (Cronbach's alpha = .87). Factor analysis suggested a 2-factor solution with Factor 1 representing CBT structure and session goals (explaining 46.9% of the variance) and Factor 2 representing process and relational skills (explaining 19.7% of the variance). The sum-score for adherence and competence was strongly intercorrelated, r = .79, p < .001. Novice raters (graduate psychology students) obtained satisfactory accuracy (ICC > .40, n = 10 videotapes) and also good to excellent interrater reliability when compared to expert raters (ICC = .83 for adherence and .64 for competence, n = 26 videotapes). High rater stability was also found (n = 15 videotapes). The findings suggest that the CAS-CBT is a reliable measure of adherence and competence in manualized CBT for anxiety disorders in youth. Further research is needed to investigate the validity of the scale and psychometric properties when used with other treatment programs, disorders and treatment formats.

  • 29.
    Björk, Lisa
    et al.
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Sociol & Work Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bejerot, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Jacobshagen, Nicola
    Univ Bern, Inst Psychol, Bern, Switzerland.
    Harenstam, Annika
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Sociol & Work Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    I shouldn't have to do this: Illegitimate tasks as a stressor in relation to organizational control and resource deficits2013In: Work & Stress, ISSN 0267-8373, E-ISSN 1464-5335, Vol. 27, no 3, 262-277 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The performance of tasks that are perceived as unnecessary or unreasonable - illegitimate tasks - represents a new stressor concept that refers to assignments that violate the norms associated with the role requirements of professional work. Research has shown that illegitimate tasks are associated with stress and counterproductive work behaviour. The purpose of this study was to provide insight into the contribution of characteristics of the organization on the prevalence of illegitimate tasks in the work of frontline and middle managers. Using the Bern Illegitimate Task Scale (BITS) in a sample of 440 local government operations managers in 28 different organizations in Sweden, this study supports the theoretical assumptions that illegitimate tasks are positively related to stress and negatively related to satisfaction with work performance. Results further show that 10% of the variance in illegitimate tasks can be attributed to the organization where the managers work. Multilevel referential analysis showed that the more the organization was characterized by competition for resources between units, unfair and arbitrary resource allocation and obscure decisional structure, the more illegitimate tasks managers reported. These results should be valuable for strategic-level management since they indicate that illegitimate tasks can be counteracted by means of the organization of work.

  • 30.
    Boalt Boethius, Siv
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Handledningens utformning i relation till mål och ramvillkor.: Några likheter och skillnader mellan psykoterapihandledning och forskarhandledning.2005In: Matrix, Vol. 22, 420-437 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    In research as well as psychotherapy and psychoanalysis there is a long tradition of supervision. Both types of supervision involve acquiring a new professional identity. The aim of the article is to describe and discuss similarities and differences related to the different aims of the two training programmes. One starting point is that the frames for the training as a doctoral student has recently been changed in Sweden. When a doctoral student is accepted to a doctoral programme, the university department has a responsibility for that the students they accept have a financially secure situation, according to certain criteria. This has involved a sometimes radical change in the frames of the doctoral programs and the importance of the supervision as one of the most important parts has become evident. It could therefore be of interest to compare the conditions for supervision in relation to research training with the conditions for supervision in another field such as in a psychotherapy training program. Maybe the two training programmes could learn from each other. The article is based on litterature and on experiences of my own from both areas of work.

  • 31.
    Boalt Boethius, Siv
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Innehållsrikt om ledarskap.2008In: Psykologtidningen, Vol. 14Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32.
    Boalt Boethius, Siv
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Sundin, Eva
    Department of Psychology.
    Ögren, Marie-Louise
    Department of Psychology.
    Group Supervision from a Small Group Perspective.2006In: Nordic Psychology, ISSN 1901-2276, Vol. 58, 22-42 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study was to examine a set of independent group variables (group size, gender composition, and supervisory style) in group supervision, and their interrelation with supervisees’ and supervisors’ view on group interactions, group climate, and attained skill. The study also examined changes over time in supervisees’ and supervisors’ ratings. Results from hierarchical regression analysis indicate that the group variables measured in this study are interrelated to perceived psychotherapeutic knowledge and skills attainment, group interaction, and group climate. The participants experienced a positive change over time with regard to attainment of knowledge and skills, group interaction, and group climate. Supervisors were more likely to experience a positive change whereas supervisees, and especially supervisees on the basic level, tended to present more stable ratings over time. These data underline the utility and importance of studying group supervision in psychotherapy from a small group perspective.

  • 33.
    Boalt Boëthius, Siv
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Ögren, Marie-Louise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Grupphandledning: ramar, kärninnehåll och samspel2011In: Veiledning i psykoterapeutisk arbeid / [ed] Michael Helge Rønnestad och Sissel Reichelt, Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 2011Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [no]

    Beskrivning: Førsteutgaven av boka kom i 1999 med tittelen "Psykoterapiveiledning." Forfatterne ønsker å formidle teoretisk og empirisk kunnskap og praktiske erfaringer om klinisk veiledning, det vil si veiledning innen psykologisk behandling og psykososialt arbeid. Boka henvender seg til fagpersoner som gir eller mottar veiledning, eller som er i en videre- og etterutdanning der kunnskap om veiledning inngår. Boka er redigert av professor Michael Helge Rønnestad og professor Sissel Reichelt. Øvrige bidragsytere er: Tom Andersen, Siv BoaltBoëthius, Siri E. Gullestad, Asle Hoffart, Geir Høstmark Nielsen, Anne-Lise Løvlie Schibbye, Jan Skjerve, Thomas M. Skovholt, Odd Arne Tjersland, Gjermund Tveito, Oddbjørg Skjerve Ulvik og Marie-Louise Ögren.

  • 34.
    Boalt Boëthius, Siv
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Ögren, Marie-Louise
    Department of Psychology.
    Om grupphandledning och vägen från klinisk erfarenhet till systematisk forskning.2008In: Mellanrummet: Tidskrift om barn- och ungdomspsykoterapi, ISSN 1404-5559, Vol. 19, 45-60 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna artikel beskrivs vad som väckte vårt intresse för att på ett mer systematiskt sätt utforska grupphandledning som en specifik form för lärande. Som kliniker får man sällan en bild av vad som ligger bakom de forskningsfrågor som ställs. I allmänhet redovisas teoretisk bakgrund, frågeställningar, metoder och resultat som mer eller mindre givna. I verkligheten är det dock sällan så, särskilt inte när det gäller kliniknära forskning, som drivs av en önskan om en fördjupad förståelse, ofta personligt förankrad, av problemområden som gett upphov till specifika frågor.

  • 35.
    Bourdiol, Catherine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Diskrepanser och konflikter i självupplevelsen hos personer med långvarig ländryggssmärta – en tematisk analys2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Många lider av långvarig ländryggssmärta, men få erbjuds en orsaksförklaring eller adekvat behandling. Den biopsykosociala modellen möjliggör dock en viss förståelse av lidandet. Den långvariga smärtan begränsar individen vilket bland annat antas påverka självupplevelsen. Syftet med studien var att utifrån en explorativ ansats erhålla en fördjupad förståelse av självupplevelsen hos personer med långvarig ländryggssmärta. Halvstrukturerade intervjuer användes och materialet analyserades genom induktiv tematisk analys. Resultatet visade att självupplevelsen hos personer med långvarig ländryggssmärta kan beskrivas utifrån ett övergripande tema, konflikt. Detta kan betraktas som en konsekvens av diskrepanserna mellan de fyra huvudtemana den jag var, den jag är, den jag vill vara och den jag är rädd för att bli. Fynden bestod bland annat av att konflikten belystes som en central del av självupplevelsen, att självupplevelsen beskrevs i både positiva och negativa termer och dessutom att den jag var identifieras som ett aktuellt själv.

  • 36.
    Brinkborg, Hillevi
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Michanek, Josefin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    ACT vid stress: En randomiserad kontrollerad studie av en gruppintervention för socialsekreterare.2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Långvarig stress ökar risk för ohälsa och sjukfrånvaro, med negativa konsekvenser för individ, organisation och samhälle. En preventiv metod för stresshantering är Acceptance and Commitment Training (ACT). Syftet var att med en randomiserad, kontrollerad studie undersöka huruvida en kortvarig ACT-intervention påverkar stress och generell psykisk hälsa hos socialsekreterare inom Stockholms stad (n=106). Bortfall hanterades med intent-to-treat-analys. Vid förmätning rapporterade två tredjedelar av deltagarna hög stressnivå (PSS≥25). Resultaten visade att de som genomgått interventionen (n=70) hade signifikant lägre skattningar av stress, generell psykisk ohälsa och utbrändhet jämfört med kontrollgrupp (n=36). Separata analyser visade att dessa skillnader fanns även för deltagare med hög stress vid förmätning, men inte för de med låg. Effektstorlekarna var små till måttliga. Ingen signifikant skillnad fanns för prestationsbaserad självkänsla, psykologisk flexibilitet eller krav och kontroll i arbetet. Genom randomisering kontrollerades även för gruppledarinflytande. Slutsatsen var att interventionen kan användas för att minska symtom på stress, utbrändhet och psykisk ohälsa hos socialsekreterare. Vidare forskning bör undersöka effekten över tid.

  • 37.
    Bujacz, Aleksandra
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Bernhard-Oettel, Claudia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Rigotti, Thomas
    Magnusson Hanson, Linda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    Lindfors, Petra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Psychosocial Working Conditions Among High-Skilled Workers: A Latent Transition Analysis.2017In: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, ISSN 1076-8998, E-ISSN 1939-1307Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Theories of psychosocial working conditions assume an interaction of different work environment characteristics. Most studies detail various aspects of such interactions, while fewer investigate the comprehensive patterns of interrelated variables. This exploratory study distinguishes patterns of psychosocial working conditions, describes their characteristics, and investigates their change over 6 years. The working conditions of 1,744 high-skilled workers in Sweden, of a representative sample of the working population, were empirically classified into 4 distinct patterns: (a) the Supporting pattern with a very low workload, very low time pressure, medium learning opportunities, high creativity requirements, and very high autonomy; (b) the Constraining pattern with a very low workload, very low time pressure, low learning opportunities, medium creativity requirements, and very low autonomy; (c) the Demanding pattern with a high workload, high time pressure, medium learning opportunities, high creativity requirements, and very low autonomy; and (d) the Challenging pattern with a high workload, high time pressure, very high learning opportunities, very high creativity requirements, and very high autonomy. Importantly, these patterns were associated with significant differences in worker well-being. From an individual perspective, working conditions most often changed from patterns with a high workload and time pressure to patterns with lower levels of these demands. Over time, the prevalence of the Constraining pattern increased while that of the Challenging pattern decreased. To conclude, a person-centered approach broadens the understanding of the complex interplay between psychosocial working conditions and their longitudinal change, which can improve the tailoring of occupational health interventions. (PsycINFO Database Record

  • 38.
    Butor, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    KBT i grupp för personer med social rädsla: Utvärdering av behandlingar på en öppenvårdspsykiatrisk mottagning2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Gruppbehandling för personer med social ångest har under 5 år bedrivits på en öppenvårdspsykiatrisk mottagning. Sammanlagt har 10 grupper med totalt 50 deltagare behandlats. Gruppbehandlingen bygger på Clarks & Wells KBT modell. Social ångest och socialt undvikande minskade signifikant från för- till eftermätning, vid uppföljningen sjönk värdena ytterligare. Graden av depression minskade på motsvarande sätt. Resultaten visar att KBT metoden fungerar i den kliniska vardagen på en ordinär psykiatrisk öppenvårdsmottagning i ett socialt relativt utsatt område. Många patienter hade komplex psykiatrisk problematik med komorbiditet och diagnoser både på Axel I och II. Skillnader i uppnådda resultat mellan undergrupper diskuteras. Behandlingsresultaten i form av effektstorlekar jämförs med 5 kliniska studier som använt samma eller liknande behandlingsmodell. För- och nackdelar med gruppbehandling i jämförelse med individuell behandling diskuteras och förslag på utveckling av gruppbehandlingen ges.

  • 39.
    Carlberg, Gunnar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Ericastiftelsen.
    Terapeuters känslor i barnpsykoterapi2014In: Mellanrummet, ISSN 2000-8511, no 30, 37-47 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Davis III, Thompson E.
    et al.
    Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA..
    Ollendick, Thomas H.Child Study Center, Virginia Tech.Öst, Lars-GöranStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Intensive One-Session Treatment of Specific Phobias2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Whether it’s dogs, spiders, blood, heights or some other fear, specific phobias are one of the most prevalent mental health problems, affecting as many as one in eight people. In recent years, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has emerged as particularly effective in treating young people and adults with specific phobias. And of these methods, one-session treatment stands out as a long-lasting, cost-effective intervention of choice.

    Intensive One-Session Treatment of Specific Phobias not only provides a summary of the evidence base, it also serves as a practical reference and training guide. This concise volume examines the phenomenology, epidemiology, and etiology of phobias, laying the groundwork for subsequent discussion of assessment strategies, empirically sound one-session treatment methods, and special topics. In addition, expert contributors address challenges common to exposure therapy, offer age-appropriate guidelines for treating young clients, and describe innovative computer-assisted techniques.

    Organized to be read individually or in sequence, chapters delve into key areas, including:

    • Evidence-based assessment and treatment of specific phobias in children, adolescents, and adults.

    • One-session treatment theory and practice with children, adolescents, and adults.

    • Handling difficult cases of specific phobias in youth.

    • Interventions for specific phobias in special populations.

    • Training and assessing therapists in one-session treatment.

    • Ethical issues in considering exposure.

    Intensive One-Session Treatment of Specific Phobias is an essential resource for researchers, clinicians, and graduate students in child, school, clinical, and counseling psychology; social work; and general and special education.

  • 41.
    Deak, Stefan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Kristoffersson, Glenn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Rädslan för det som finns och inte finns: En randomiserad kontrollerad jämförelse av utfall mellan sedvanlig ensessionsbehandling och behandling med virtuella stimuli mot spindelfobi2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Specifik fobi är en vanlig psykiatrisk åkomma som kan leda till stora individuella begränsningar. Symtomen kan framgångsrikt behandlas med kognitiv beteendeterapi där 85–90 % blir kliniskt signifikant förbättrade. Forskning påvisar lovande behandlingsutfall för virtuell exponeringsbehandling (VRET) mot spindelfobi. Tekniken är intressant då den kringgår de problem med anskaffning och förvaring av fobiska stimuli som sedvanlig behandling medför och dessutom kan innebära ökad tillgänglighet och flexibilitet vid behandling. Syftet med föreliggande studie är att jämföra behandlingseffekten av ensessionsbehandling (OST) med en nyutvecklad spelifierad virtuell exponeringsbehandling (VIMSE), som sker under en fristående behandlingssession. Totalt randomiserades 73 deltagare mellan de två behandlingsmetoderna. Båda behandlingarna medförde statistiskt signifikanta förbättringar med stora effektstorlekar för såväl det beteendetest (BAT), som utgjorde det primära utfallsmåttet (OST d = 1,94; VIMSE d = 1,41), som för de sekundära utfallsmåtten Spider Phobia Questionnaire och Fear of Spiders Questionnaire. OST resulterade i signifikant fler kliniskt signifikant förbättrade än VIMSE.

  • 42.
    Del Missier, Fabio
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Cognitive psychology. University of Trieste, Italy.
    Hansson, Patrik
    Parker, Andrew M.
    Bruine de Bruin, Wändi
    Nilsson, Lars-Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Cognitive psychology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI).
    Mäntylä, Timo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Cognitive psychology.
    Unraveling the Aging Skein: Disentangling Sensory and Cognitive Predictors of Age-related Differences in Decision Making2017In: Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, ISSN 0894-3257, E-ISSN 1099-0771, Vol. 30, no 1, 123-139 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Age-related differences in sensory functioning, processing speed, and working memory have been identified as three significant predictors of the age-related performance decline observed in complex cognitive tasks. Yet, the assessment of their relative predictive capacity and interrelations is still an open issue in decision making and cognitive aging research. Indeed, no previous investigation has examined the relationships of all these three predictors with decision making. In an individual-differences study, we therefore disentangled the relative contribution of sensory functioning, processing speed, and working memory to the prediction of the age-related decline in cognitively demanding judgment and decision-making tasks. Structural equation modeling showed that the age-related decline in working memory plays an important predictive role, even when controlling for sensory functioning, processing speed, and education. Implications for research on decision making and cognitive aging are discussed.

  • 43.
    Dåderman, Anna M.
    Stockholm University.
    Personality traits and psychopathy (PCL-R) in male juvenile delinquents2002Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Eib, Constanze
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Processes of Organizational Justice: Insights into the perception and enactment of justice2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Well-being at work is of major public interest, and justice at the workplace can be a key factor contributing to employees and managers feeling well. Research has found direct relationships between organizational justice perceptions and work and health outcomes. With research on the justice–health link still emerging, this thesis examines the moderating and mediating processes for the effects of justice perceptions on work outcomes and especially health outcomes. As little is known about those who enact justice, the antecedents and consequences of justice enactment are also studied. In Study I, the relationships between organizational justice and work and health outcomes were in focus, as the moderating role of job characteristics was investigated utilizing the demand–control(–support) model. Organizational justice and job characteristics were associated with work and health outcomes within and across time. The multiplicative effects showed that the organizational justice effects were stronger when perceived job demands were high, job control was low or social support was low. Study II examined the processes through which justice perceptions translate into health outcomes. Building on the allostatic load model, mental preoccupation with work was found to be a relevant mediator of the justice–health relationship, with locus of control moderating the mediated relationships. Study III focused on the actor perspective. Investigating predictions based on the deontic model of justice and ego-depletion theory, moral regard and justice self-efficacy predicted justice enactment positively, and justice enactment had positive effects on feeling professionally recognized but also negative health consequences for the actors themselves. This thesis contributes to advancing the emergent justice–health research stream by providing insights into the processes underlying these aspects, and by incorporating this stream into the actor perspective. 

  • 45.
    Ek, Ulla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Fernell, Elisabeth
    Westerlund, Joakim
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Holmberg, K
    Olsson, P O
    Gillberg, C
    Cognitive strengths and deficits in schoolchildren with ADHD.2007In: Acta Paediatrica, Vol. 96, no 5, 756-761 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Few studies provide detailed analyses of the various aspects of the entire cognitive profile of children with ADHD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cognitive test data were analysed for 10- to 11-year-old children with (1) ADHD, (2) subthreshold ADHD and (3) milder attention and/or learning problems, and compared with normative data. RESULTS: Thirty-two had ADHD and 10 met the criteria for subthreshold ADHD, prevalence rates of 5.4% and 1.6%, respectively. On a group level, children with ADHD/subthreshold ADHD, and those with milder attention and/or learning problems had almost identical cognitive profiles for the 13 subtests comprising the WISC III, with particularly low results on the arithmetic, coding, information and digit span subtests (ACID profile). When analyzed individually, a complete or incomplete ACID profile (three of four subtests) was equally common in children with ADHD/subthreshold ADHD and in children with milder problems, found in about 1/5. The relative strengths of both groups were in areas demanding logical thinking, reasoning and common sense. CONCLUSION: The specific ACID profile is as common in children with ADHD as in those with minor attention and/or learning problems. The cognitive weaknesses reflected in the ACID profile might play a role as an underlying factor in various developmental disorders.

  • 46. Eklöf, Eva
    et al.
    Carlberg, Gunnar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Ericastiftelsen.
    Motöverföring i barnpsykoterapi2014In: Mellanrummet, ISSN 2000-8511, no 30, 12-20 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Ellen, Edberg
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Di Schiena, Marianne
    En pilotstudie av kognitiv beteendeterapi i grupp för behandling av emetofobi2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Emetofobi innebär en intensiv rädsla för att kräkas. Fobin medför stort lidande för patienten, men forskningen om behandling av emetofobi är mycket begränsad. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka om gruppbehandling med kognitiv beteendeterapi kunde minska graden av emetofobiska symptom. Tre grupper med totalt 23 patienter behandlades, två på våren (n = 14) och en på hösten (n = 9). Behandlingen bestod av 10 sessioner à 2,5 timmar. Patienterna hade signifikant lägre grad av emetofobiska symptom vid behandlingsavslut än vid behandlingsstart. Vid behandlingsavslut var 44 % kliniskt signifikant förbättrade vad gäller emetofobiska symptom, och vid tremånadersuppföljning hade 61 % av patienterna uppnått kliniskt signifikant förbättring. Resultaten bör tolkas med stor försiktighet då undersökningen saknade kontrollgrupp och bestod av ett litet antal patienter. En längre uppföljning som kunde visa om behandlingseffekten bestod över tid hade varit önskvärd, men rymdes inte inom ramen för denna studie.

  • 48.
    Eresund, Pia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Att behandla störande beteende: metodutveckling i barnpsykoterapi2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Eriksson, Gabriella
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Svenson, Ola
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Driving faster or slower? Biased judgments of fuel consumption at changing speeds2012In: Advances in human aspects of road and rail transportation / [ed] Neville Stanton, London: CRC Press, 2012, 293-297 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Eriksson, Joel
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Fladvad, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    TRÄNINGSMÄNGDENS BETYDELSE VID DATORSTÖDD ARBETSMINNESTRÄNING FÖR NIO- TILL TRETTONÅRIGA BARN2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Låg arbetsminneskapacitet hos barn medför ofta svårigheter med attlära sig läsa, skriva, räkna och problemlösa. Barnen kan ävenuppfattas som disträa och glömska. Datorstödd arbetsminnesträninghar visats förbättra prestationer dels på programspecifika ochgeneraliserade arbetsminnestester samt tros påverka beteende. Dennastudie utreder huruvida träningsmängd, mätt i antal repetitioner ochtid, påverkar träningsutfallet. 23 barn med undergenomsnittligarbetsminneskapacitet inkluderades. Av dessa randomiserades 22 barntill att antingen utföra 42 eller 84 repetitioner fördelade på sexövningar med självjusterande svårighetsgrad iarbetsminneträningsprogrammet ”Minneslek Flex”. Barnen tränadeantingen i skola (n=6) eller hemma (n=16) vid minst 22 tillfällenunder en fem- till sexveckors period. Fem avhopp skedde i det längreprogrammet. 17 barn kom att delta i eftermätningarna.Arbetsminneskapaciteten förbättrades signifikant av träningen.Träningsmängden hade inte någon påverkan på denna förbättring.Några beteendeförändringar kunde inte heller skönjas. Fyndenindikerar att en mindre träningsmängd räcker med möjlig implikationatt fler barn potentiellt kan uppskatta att ta del av dylik träning.

1234 1 - 50 of 166
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf