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  • 1.
    Abdallah, Laila
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Process eller Resultat?: Trender inom utvärdering av svensk högskoleutbildning under1990-talet2002Report (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Abdallah, Laila
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    ICT-Based Learning in Knowledge Intense Micro-Sized Enterprises2003In: 2nd International Conference on Multimedia and Information and Communication Technologies in Education 2003: Advances in Technology-Based Education: Toward a Knowledge-Based Society, Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Multimedia and Information & Communication Technologies in Education / [ed] J. A. Mesa González, Antonio Méndez Vilas (eds.), 2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 3. Abdelhai, Rehab
    et al.
    Yassin, Sahar
    Ahmad, Mohamad F.
    Fors, Uno
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    An e-learning reproductive health module to support improved student learning and interaction: a prospective interventional study at a medical school in Egypt2012In: BMC Medical Education, ISSN 1472-6920, Vol. 12, 11- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Public Health (PH) course at the medical college of Cairo University is based on traditional lectures. Large enrollment limits students' discussions and interactions with instructors. Aim: Evaluate students' learning outcomes as measured by improved knowledge acquisition and opinions of redesigning the Reproductive Health (RH) section of the PH course into e-learning and assessing e-course utilization. Methods: This prospective interventional study started with development of an e-learning course covering the RH section, with visual and interactive emphasis, to satisfy students' diverse learning styles. Two student groups participated in this study. The first group received traditional lecturing, while the second volunteered to enroll in the e-learning course, taking online course quizzes. Both groups answered knowledge and course evaluation questionnaires and were invited to group discussions. Additionally, the first group answered another questionnaire about reasons for non-participation. Results: Students participating in the e-learning course showed significantly better results, than those receiving traditional tutoring. Students who originally shunned the e-course expressed eagerness to access the course before the end of the academic year. Overall, students using the redesigned e-course reported better learning experiences. Conclusions: An online course with interactivities and interaction, can overcome many educational drawbacks of large enrolment classes, enhance student's learning and complement pit-falls of large enrollment traditional tutoring.

  • 4.
    Abel Green, Rebecka
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Avancerade appars samhandling med yngre barn i en förskolepraktik: En kvalitativ studie om ett- och tvååringars möte med appar utifrån posthumanistiska teorier2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien utgår ifrån posthumanistiska teorier som ser på mänsklig och icke-mänsklig materia som agentiska aktörer. Studien undersöker vad som uppstår emellan yngre barn och appar i förskolan. Utifrån utvalda videosekvenser där ett- och tvååriga barn samhandlar med avancerade appar i en förskolepraktik analyseras sekvenserna utifrån posthumanistiska begrepp och ANT-analys. Resultatet belyser mycket täta, intensiva och komplexa möten där varje intra-aktion förändrar och transformerar de innefattande aktörerna i nätverk. Fokus ligger på kommunikativa relationer av transdisciplinära tillblivelseprocesser av barns och avancerade appars möten.

  • 5.
    Abel Green, Rebecka
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Avancerade appars samhandling med yngre barn i en förskolepraktik: En kvalitativ studie om ett- och tvååringars möte med appar utifrån posthumanistiska teorier2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien utgår ifrån posthumanistiska teorier som ser på mänsklig och icke-mänsklig materia som agentiska aktörer. Studien undersöker vad som uppstår emellan yngre barn och appar i förskolan. Utifrån utvalda videosekvenser där ett- och tvååriga barn samhandlar med avancerade appar i en förskolepraktik analyseras sekvenserna utifrån posthumanistiska begrepp och ANT-analys. Resultatet belyser mycket täta, intensiva och komplexa möten där varje intra-aktion förändrar och transformerar de innefattande aktörerna i nätverk. Fokus ligger på kommunikativa relationer av transdisciplinära tillblivelseprocesser av barns och avancerade appars möten.

  • 6.
    Ablhad, Reem
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Ny teknik i förskolan: En netnografisk studie kring iPad-projekt i tio kommuner i Sverige2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 7.
    Abrahamsson, Carina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Organisation av undervisning för nyanlända elever: Ett exempel från två skolor med inkluderande arbetssätt2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A current subject in Sweden today is how to organize education for newly arrived children in school. The number of newly arrived children continues to increase and this will ask for new demands on the school regarding reception and organization of learning for these students. This also demands the school to improve the knowledge about these children. The aim of this study is to describe the principals’, teachers’ and students’ experience of an inclusive organization of learning for newly arrived students. Two different schools in an area frequented of immigrants in one of the largest cities in Sweden have been selected. Both schools are working with inclusion around the newly arrived students. To obtain a pre-understanding of how the school works, lesson observations have been carried out in the schools. Thereafter interviews with principals, teachers and students have been carried out. The principals at both schools believe that the work with newly arrived students should be carried out in an inclusive organization. Depending on how long the school has had this way of working, but also depending on the teachers’ backgrounds, they are thinking differently about if it is favourable for the students to be included. At the Betaschool which is a school that has worked longer than the Alfaschool in an inclusive way, the teachers see more advantages with this way of working. The students at both schools are more positive than the teachers. The cultural capital that the students already have when they arrive to the school is important for the way of adjusting to the new school. There is also a difference in which position the student take on depending on the capital they bring with them. Several components are important for the school choosing to work inclusively with newly arrived students. Some of these are study counsellors, language development approach, relations and a shared view on how to educate newly arrived children at the school.

  • 8.
    Abrahamsson, Julia
    Stockholm University, The Stockholm Institute of Education.
    Inkludering på vitryska: Fältstudier i Vitryssland gällande inkludering av2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to describe and examine the characteristics of inclusion of children with disabilities in the kinder garden and primary school in Belarus. The data in this study were collected through interviews with special teachers and staff at the Developing and Rehabilitation center. The interviews were supported by child-observations and a literature study. Staying in boarding schools prevents handicap students from integrating with the society as well as getting social experience. Integrated education demands the combination of two regularities: education of children with normal development and special education of children with psycho-physiological problems. Many research works consider the interconnection between socio-cultural development of the society and the values in upbringing which are prioritized in the society. Socialisation is possible when the child is involved in the processes of the daily life as well as interacting with adults and friends. It is easier for a child to adapt to a social behaviour when he realises what happens around him, understanding the subjective processes which happen inside other people and when the child can use his knowledge and experience on practice. Therefore, socialization is both a process and a result of realisation and active implementation of a social experience by a child. Integration is a systematic stage in the development of special education caused by change in the attitude of the society and state towards individuals with disabilities, admitting their rights for the equal opportunities in different spheres of life including education. Successful implementation of integrative education depends a lot on the level of material, organisational, educational as well as methodological in educational institutions. Moreover, this process depends on socio-psychological factors and moral atmosphere in the society. Practical solution of the problems in integration attracts not only teaching staff in specific institutions, children with different development and their parents but also children and their parents, teachers in normal secondary schools.

  • 9.
    Acar, Patricja
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Lundberg, Jonas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Om barn i skolan med ADHD: Pedagogers erfarenheter av att arbeta med barn med ADHD2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att se vad olika sorters pedagoger inom skolan skulle kunna berätta och beskriva om vad de har för erfarenhet och om arbetet med elever med diagnosen ADHD, vilka utmaningar som möts och vilka arbetssätt som kan användas. Kvalitativa intervjuer var den metod som användes, och intervjuerna spelades in med mobiltelefon för att inte missa vad pedagogerna från de fyra olika skolorna som intervjuades berättade och beskrev. Som teoretiskt perspektiv valdes behaviorismen som användes som analysverktyg för analysen. Resultatet visar att det inte bara finns ett arbetssätt pedagogerna använder utan av flera olika metoder. Den visar även deras erfarenheter och utmaningar av- och i skolan. Pedagogerna menade också att det finns många utmaningar i mötet med barn med ADHD, då ett barn som har ADHD sällan bara har en renodlad ADHD utan även någon tilläggsdiagnos eller språkstörning. Det man kan säga är att det krävs mer kunskap om ADHD för att vidare hitta lämpliga arbetssätt, att använda sig av rätt verktyg för att vidare kunna nå ut till alla elever och inte enbart de så kallade "normal klassade" barnen.

  • 10.
    Adami, Rebecca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Re-Thinking Relations in Human Rights Learning: The Politics of Narratives2014In: Journal of Philosophy of Education, ISSN 0309-8249, E-ISSN 1467-9752, Vol. 48, no 2, 293-307 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Human Rights Education (HRE) has traditionally been articulated in terms of cultivating better citizens or world citizens. The main preoccupation in this strand of HRE has been that of bridging a gap between universal notions of a human rights subject and the actual locality and particular narratives in which students are enmeshed. This preoccupation has focused on ‘learning about the other’ in order to improve relations between plural ‘others’ and ‘us’ and reflects educational aims of national identity politics in citizenship education. The article explores the learning of human rights through narratives in relations, drawing on Hannah Arendt and Sharon Todd. For this re-thinking of relations in learning human rights, the article argues that HRE needs to address both competing historical narratives on the drafting of the Universal Declaration on Human Rights (UDHR) as well as unique life narratives of learners.

  • 11.
    Adami, Rebecca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Toward Cosmopolitan Ethics in Teacher Education: An Ontological Dimension of Learning Human Rights2014In: Ethics and Education, ISSN 1744-9642, E-ISSN 1744-9650, Vol. 9, no 1, 29-38 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a globalization trend in teacher education, emphasizing the role of teachers to make judgments based on human rights in their teaching profession. Rather than emphasizing the epistemological dimension of acquiring knowledge about human rights through teacher education, an ontological dimension is emphasized in this paper of what it means to become a professional teacher. An ontological dimension of ‘learning to become’ can be captured in critical examination of a cosmopolitan awareness of teachers in relation to judgment and justice. I read the critique through studies on human rights in teacher education, which transforms notions of openness and respect in relations marked by difference.

  • 12.
    Adami, Rebecca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Reconciling Universality and Particularity through a Cosmopolitan Outlook on Human Rights2012In: Cosmopolitan Civil Societies: An Interdisciplinary Journal, ISSN 1837-5391, Vol. 4, no 2, 22-37 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Human rights are today criticized as not compatible with different cultural values and the debate has circulated around Asian values and Islamic values as in dichotomy with human rights as universal ethics (Ignatieff, 2003). The theoretical dichotomy between universality and particularity is questioned pragmatically in this paper through a historical study. The working process of drafting the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) in 1946-48, which included thousands of people, is explored as a cosmopolitan space in which individuals from different cultural contexts met to negotiate human rights through cultural narratives. The process where particular values were negotiated with universal notion on human rights resulted in a common proclamation (UDHR) without a common philosophical or ideological ground. This paper puts forth a thesis that human rights discourse can work as a cosmopolitan space, in which particular value systems meet in processes characterized by conflict and cohesion. Hence human rights can be understood as a master narrative compatible with different conflicting cultural narratives (Gibson & Somers, 1994).

  • 13.
    Adami, Rebecca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Claiming and Reaffirming Universality of Human Rights: Comparing the Role of UNESCO in Relation to the UN 1948 and 19932009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis explores the role of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in the drafting and formulation of the universal human rights in 1948 as well as its contribution at the Vienna Conference, when the universality of the human rights was reaffirmed after the Cold War. Using concept analysis on the reports published by UNESCO for the drafting of the Universal Declaration on Human Rights and the Vienna Declaration deepens the understanding of the influence of the organization within the United Nations (UN) system at these points in time. By applying an intersectional approach to the concept of “cultural dialogue”, the theoretical tool of “intersectional dialogue” is created in order to analyze and understand the process that occurred in the UN Commission when delegates from all over the world met to draft and discuss the universality of human rights. The conceptual framework of “universality” by Langlois is used in analyzing the parallel process of UNESCO in order to understand the universality of the human rights through local interpretations and particular values. The thesis held by Langlois, that the universality of human rights enables a global platform for oppressed and marginalized people to share their local stories based on particular values within a human rights discourse, is contested in the analysis.

  • 14.
    Adami, Rebecca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Human Rights Learning: The Significance of Narratives, Relationality and Uniqueness2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Whereas educational policy is mainly concerned with the content of Human Rights Education (HRE), philosophers of education have widely explored the subject and her social condition in terms of social justice education. This thesis draws on philosophers of education in exploring the subject rather than the content of HRE, focusing the study on ontological rather than epistemological aspects of learning. In this thesis learning is explored through narratives, as a relational process of becoming. The turn to narrative is taken against the dominant historical narrative of human rights as a Western project. This turn concerns how claims toward universalism of human rights exclude difference and equally concerns how notions of particularity overshadows the uniqueness in life stories. The concept of uniqueness serves to elucidate the complexity of the subject, not easily reduced into social categorizations, a concept drawn from Adriana Cavarero and Hannah Arendt.

  • 15.
    Adami, Rebecca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    A narratable self as addressed by human rights2017In: Policy Futures in Education, ISSN 1478-2103, E-ISSN 1478-2103, Vol. 15, no 3, 252-261 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper extends the critique in earlier research of human rights as exclusive of otherness and difference by introducing the work of Adriana Cavarero (2000) on a narratable self. Hence, the formation of human rights is thus about the relations between different narratable selves, not just Western ones. A narrative learning, drawing on Cavarero (2000), shifts the focus in human rights learning from learning about the other to exposing one's life story narrative through relationality.

  • 16.
    Adami, Rebecca
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Hållander, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Testimony and Narrative as a Political Relation: the Question of Ethical Judgment in Education2015In: Journal of Philosophy of Education, ISSN 0309-8249, E-ISSN 1467-9752, Vol. 49, no 1, 1-13 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we explore the role of film in educational settings and argue that testimony and narrative are dependent upon each other for developing ethical judgments. We use the film 12 Angry Men to enhance our thesis that the emotional response that sometimes is intended in using film as testimonies in classrooms requires a specific listening; a listening that puts pupils at risk when they relate testimonies to their own life narratives. The article raises the importance of listening in training narrative ethos in relation to violence witnessed in film. The article contributes by enhancing an understanding of a relational dimension to testimony and narrative, which, in an Arendtian sense, is also put forward as a political relation.

  • 17.
    Adamow, Goscha
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Förskolan i ett mångkulturellt samhälle: Pedagogers föreställningar kring mångkulturellt arbete på förskolan2010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to describe, understand and analyze the thought behind the perception amongst pedagogues´ on multicultural work in preschools, based on an intercultural perspective. In this study, I questioned the pedagogues´ view on the work in preschools that prepares children for a life in a multicultural society and also the way they describe the cultural challenges.

    The study was accomplished and questions were answered by studying current literature and previous research in the field. I also interviewed four pedagogues from two different preschools located in separate areas.

    This study shows that many opinions that pedagogues expressed in the interviews can be traced back to an “us vs. them” perspective, in which your own culture, the Swedish one in this case, is the most critical and should receive the greatest attention in preschool. At the same time, the study shows that the more experience pedagogues had from multicultural preschools the greater acceptance they had for other cultures. These pedagogues also had an advanced in the development of intercultural competence.

     

  • 18.
    Adams Lyngbäck, Elizabeth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    I Don't Feel Like Myself: Women's Accounts of Normality and Authenticity in the Field of Menstruation2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this master thesis is to contribute to a deeper understanding of women’s experiences in regard to menstrually related suffering. These particular experiences are examined in relation to notions of normality and authenticity. The study designed for this purpose is based on the life world of women in order to explore these ideas. The visceral signs originating from within the body are generally understood to be undetectable when working properly. Such is not the case for many women who menstruate. The cyclical change in physical and mental states associated with the menstrual cycle provide an opportunity to study how going in and out of different ways of being in the world influence human experience. Thematic interviews were conducted asking ten women living in Sweden to share their experiences of suffering related to the menstrual cycle. A phenomenological approach with focus on the body was used to study how changing ways of being in the world contribute to the construction of illness and health. Beginning with discussions about their experiences of suffering revealed that women thought in terms of when they felt like themselves and when they did not. Organization of time was interrelated with how women understood their experiences. Emphasizing recurring negative experiences lead to contemplation about causes of suffering and comparison of different states of being. The lack of ‘one’s selfness’ due to what is commonly referred to as PMS represents the dilemma these women describe. The need to have control over the outward representation of one’s self is discussed in light of different medical technologies like SSRI antidepressant use and hormonal therapies which revealed that women saw the origins of their suffering to be a product of society but tightly connected to their identity as women and were not willing to be without a menstrual cycle. Phenomenological ideas about embodiment were used to understand how suffering was seen both as a sign of health and as a part of the self.

  • 19.
    Adams Lyngbäck, Liz
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Experiences, networks and uncertainty: parenting a child who uses a cochlear implant2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this dissertation project is to describe the ways people experience parenting a deaf child who uses a cochlear implant. Within a framework of social science studies of disability this is done by combining approaches using ethnographic and netnographic methods of participant observation with an interview study. Interpretations are based on the first-person perspective of 19 parents against the background of their related networks of social encounters of everyday life. The netnographic study is presented in composite conversations building on exchanges in 10 social media groups, which investigates the parents’ meaning-making in interaction with other parents with similar living conditions. Ideas about language, technology, deafness, disability, and activism are explored. Lived parenting refers to the analysis of accounts of orientation and what 'gets done' in respect to these ideas in situations where people utilize the senses differently. In the results, dilemmas surrounding language, communication and cochlear implantation are identified and explored. The dilemmas extend from if and when to implant, to decisions about communication modes, intervention approaches, and schools. An important finding concerns the parents’ orientations within the dilemmas, where most parents come up against antagonistic conflicts. There are also examples found of a development process in parenting based on lived, in-depth experiences of disability and uncertainty which enables parents to transcend the conflictive atmosphere. This process is analyzed in terms of a social literacy of dis/ability.

  • 20.
    Adamson, Lena
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Gougoulakis, Petros
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Swedish Quality Assurance of Higher Education: From Enhancement to Results Control and Back to Enhancement?2017In: Quality Assurance in Higher Education: A Global Perspective / [ed] Stamelos Georgios, K.M. Joshi, Saeed Paivandi, Studera Press , 2017, 19-40 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article outlines the Swedish national quality assurance system of higher education institutions, placing it in a historical and international context. Currently a new system is under construction as a result of heavy criticism of the system applied since 2011. What the new system will precisely confer is too early to tell. Its ambition is to align with the principles (European Standards and Guidelines; ESG 2015) that have been developed within the frame of the Bologna Process.

  • 21.
    Adiels, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Where did Technology Go?2009In: Strengthening the Position of Technology Education in the Curriculum / [ed] Arien Becker, Ilja Mottier, Marc J. de Vries, Delft: Delft University of Technology , 2009, 1-5 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the beginning there was techne and episteme. Today we have difficulties with finding technology in the implementations of the curriculum in, at least, Swedish schools. So where did it go? I will give arguments that it is all there but it suffers from specialisation. If we think of techne appearing before the different natural science subjects it is a very natural thought that technology today is what is left "between" the more specialized subjects. However I believe that technology is created also in the meeting between two specialized subjects. When a physicist work with a chemist to solve a problem, than this work will very easy appear as technology from one or both parts view. Also not a revolutionary thought this may explain why the Swedish higher education is organized as it is and why we have diffculties to make a working curriculum for the lower grades.

  • 22. Adolfsson Boman, Marianne
    et al.
    Eriksson, Inger
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Hverven, Mona
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Jansson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Tambour, Torbjörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Att introducera likhetstecken i ett algebraiskt sammanhang för elever i årskurs 12013In: Forskning om undervisning och lärande, ISSN 2001-6131, no 10, 29-49 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln bygger på data från forsknings- och utvecklingsprojektet (FoU) ”Utveckling av matematiskt tänkande – expanderande uppgifter i nybörjarundervisningen” där lärare från Skärsätra skola tillsammans med forskare från Stockholms universitet genomförde ett undervisningsexperiment i syfte att introducera algebra i nybörjarundervisningen.

  • 23.
    Adolphson, Margareta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Education in Humanities and Social Sciences.
    Två terminer - eller jag som trodde att jag kunde...2009Report (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Ageby, Cecilia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Hellerstedt, Cecilie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Pedagogers inställning till utagerande barn i förskolan2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25.
    Aghaee, Naghmeh
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Hansson, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Peer Portal: Quality Enhancement in Thesis Writing Using Self-Managed Peer Review on a Mass Scale2013In: International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, ISSN 1492-3831, E-ISSN 1492-3831, Vol. 14, no 1, 186-203 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a specially developed online peer-review system, the Peer Portal, and the first results of its use for quality enhancement of bachelor's and master's thesis manuscripts. The peer-review system is completely student driven and therefore saves time for supervisors and creates a direct interaction between students without interference from supervisors. The purpose is to improve thesis manuscript quality, and thereby use supervisor time more efficiently, since peers review basic aspects of the manuscripts and give constructive suggestions for improvements. The process was initiated in 2012, and, in total, 260 peer reviews were completed between 1st January and 15th May, 2012. All peer reviews for this period have been analyzed with the help of content analysis. The purpose of analysis is to assess the quality of the students work. The results are categorized in four groups: 1) excellent (18.1%), 2) good (22.7%), 3) fragmented (18.5%), and 4) poor (40.7%). The overall result shows that almost 40% of the students produced excellent or good peer reviews and almost as many produced poor peer reviews. The result shows that the quality varies considerably. Explanations of these quality variations need further study. However, alternative hypotheses followed by some strategic suggestions are discussed in this study. Finally, a way forward in terms of improving peer reviews is outlined: 1) development of a peer wizard system and 2) rating of received peer reviews based on the quality categories created in this study. A Peer Portal version 2.0 is suggested, which will eliminate the fragmented and poor quality peer reviews, but still keep this review system student driven and ensure autonomous learning.

  • 26.
    Ahlberg, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, The Stockholm Institute of Education.
    Gauffin, Cathrine
    Stockholm University, The Stockholm Institute of Education.
    Inkluderande undervisning2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka vilka likheter och skillnader i undervisningen som finns mellan en grundsärskoleklass och en grundskoleklass. Undersökningens metod är strukturerade observationer genomförda av två observatörer i en grundskoleklass och i en särskoleklass på samma skola. Olika aspekter av undervisningen observerades, av vilka några kan anses utgöra förutsättningar för en inkluderande undervisning. Dessa är: samarbete mellan pedagoger i undervisningen, ledarskapsmodeller, cooperativt lärande (samarbetsinlärning), dynamisk pedagogik samt samarbete mellan pedagoger i problemlösande undervisning. Resultatet visar på likhet mellan de båda skolformerna beträffande användandet av en organismisk modell med ett demokratiskt ledarskap, där grundsärskolans pedagoger endast använder det aningen mer frekvent än grundskolans pedagoger. Båda skolformerna använde även en mekanisk modell med ett auktoritärt ledarskap, i grundsärskolan förekom detta i mindre utsträckning än i grundskolan. Likheterna mellan skolformerna är att båda använder sig av ett växelspel mellan modellerna och ledarskapen och där båda skolformerna hade en tonvikt på en mekanisk modell med ett auktoritärt ledarskap. Resultatet visar på skillnader mellan de båda skolformerna avseende samarbetet mellan pedagogerna i problemlösande undervisning. I grundskolan hade pedagogerna mer frekvent ögonkontakt med varandra än pedagogerna i grundsärskolan har. Vad beträffar samtal för överenskommelse samt organisatoriska frågor utövades dessa i mindre utsträckning av pedagogerna i grundsärskolan jämfört med de i grundskolan. Analysen av data från åtta observationer visar att inkluderande undervisning bedrivs till viss del i de båda skolformerna, men att en traditionell pedagogik genomsyrar verksamheten, vilket kan påverka förverkligandet av målsättningen av en skola för alla.

    The purpose of this study is to examine what similarities and differences in teaching can be found when comparing a special needs school program and a mainstream primary school program. The study has been performed by two observers, using the method of structured observations, in a mainstream primary school program and a special needs school program; both programs were observed within the same school. Different aspects of teaching were observed, some of which may constitute conditions of an inclusive education. The aspects observed were: cooperation between teachers during class, leadership, cooperative learning, dynamic pedagogics and cooperation between teachers in problem-solving oriented teaching. The results show that there are similarities between the two school structures regarding the use of an organismic model with a democratic leadership, where the special needs school program teachers use it slightly more frequently than those of the mainstream primary school program. Both school structures also used a mechanical model with an authoritative leadership, this was used to a lesser extent in the the special needs school program than in the mainstream primary school program. The two school structures show similarities in the use of interaction between models and leadership, where both school structures emphasize on a mechanical model with an authoritative leadership. The results show differences between the two school structures regarding the cooperation between teachers in problem-solving oriented teaching. The mainstream primary school program teachers more frequently make eye-contact with each other than the teachers of the special needs school program. Regarding communication with the purpose to reach agreement and in organisational issues, the special needs school program teachers practice this to a lesser extent than those of the mainstream primary school program. The analysis of data from eight observations show that inclusive education is practiced in both school structures to some extent but that traditional pedagogic methods permeate the educational programs which have been studied, this in turn may affect the realization of a school for all.

  • 27.
    Ahlin, Camilla
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Ahlstrand, Olivia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Hur har dagen varit?: En fenomenologisk studie kring hur förskollärare upplever kontakten med vårdnadshavare under hämtning2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med vår studie är att undersöka hur förskollärare upplever kontakten med vårdnadshavare under hämtning. Det som ligger till grund för detta syfte är frågor kring hur förskollärare upplever sitt eget och vårdnadshavarens bemötande och vilka förutsättningar som ger möjlighet till kontakt. För att undersöka detta har vi använt oss av en kvalitativ forskningsmetod i form av semi-strukturerade intervjuer. Studien grundar sig på material från tio stycken intervjuer med förskollärare från olika förskolor. Resultatet visar att förskollärarna anser att kontakten med vårdnadshavare är viktig men inte helt problemfri. Tid, personaltäthet och ansvarsfördelning är det som förskollärarna upplever ha störst påverkan på fenomenet kontakt. En av våra slutsatser är att förskollärarna upplever att kontakten till vårdnadshavare är betydelsefull i det avseende att det gynnar barnens välmående och känsla av trygghet.

  • 28.
    Ahlinder, Hanna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Didactic Science and Early Childhood Education.
    Öberg, Camilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Didactic Science and Early Childhood Education.
     Vilka mål står till grund för planeringen av NO-undervisning för de tidiga åldrarna? : En undersökning med lärares uppfattningar i fokus.2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    This study aims to deepen the understanding of which opinions and perceptions the teachers in the study have about the national goals, as well as local, when they plan their lessons in science studies for the younger ages. We wish to illustrate which goals these teachers find most important, their opinions on how they use these and how the different goals affect their design of teaching. The study also aims to examine which syllabuses, national or local, the teachers believe have an effect on their planning. 

    Data were collected by interviews with four teachers, combined with questionnaires sent to 25 teachers teaching in science studies in forms 1-6. To analyse the data, key terms from Vygotsky and a sociocultural theory was used, such as situated learning, artifacts, the zone of proximal development, thinking in group and mediation. The data was also interpreted and examined by recent studies regarding this subject. 

    The results show that the teachers find their own knowledge, the national syllabus and their colleagues as most important for their planning. Approximately half of the group of teachers, who answered the questionnaire, expressed that their school has a local syllabus, but only a few of these state that they find this document important for their planning. The interviews, however, showed that these documents were regarded as very important by the teachers using them. The teachers also claimed that too little time was set aside for working with the local and the national syllabus.

    The study also showed that goals to strive for were considered most important and influential on the teacher’s design of lessons in science. The teachers however expressed that they find these goals hard to understand and pursue.

    The results also show that when working on goals to strive for, discussions in groups, experiments and observations were the most used methods.  

  • 29.
    Ahlm, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    ”Språkstimuleringen måste byggas in i vardagen”: Verksamhetsstöd på förskolan och i grundskolans tidigare år för barn och elever med tal- och språksvårigheter.2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien är att undersöka vilket verksamhetsstöd det finns för barn och elever med tal- och språksvårigheter på förskolan och i grundskolans tidigare år. Frågeställningarna handlar om hur en talpedagog arbetar för att stödja barn med tal- och språksvårigheter, hur ett barns svårigheter kartläggs samt hur barns tal och språk stimuleras under den dagliga verksamheten. Som forskningsmetod har jag använt mig av intervju och observation.

    Resultatet visar att det stöd barnen får av talpedagogen är genom olika övningar som valts ut för att stimulera deras tal och språk. Talpedagogen kartlägger även barnens svårigheter med hjälp av Hellqvists fonemtest med vilket hon får kunskap om vad barnet redan kan och vad det behöver öva på. Både på förskolan och i skolan bygger pedagogerna in språkstimuleringen i vardagen på ett naturligt sätt genom att oftast utgå från barnens egna intressen och kunskaper. Detta har visat sig på förskolan genom att pedagogerna främst låter barnen ge förslag på vad de vill göra och utgå från detta, medan lärarna i skolan anpassar material och arbetsböcker utefter elevernas kunskapsnivå.

  • 30.
    Ahlquist, Eva-Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Didactic Science and Early Childhood Education.
    Gynther, Per
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Didactic Science and Early Childhood Education.
    Positivism med mänskligt ansikte* Montessoripedagogikens idéhistoriska grunder2006In: Locus* Tidskrift för forskning om barn och ungdomar, ISSN 1100-3197, no 2, 51-57 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan 1920-talet har det funnits montessoriskolor i vårt land och dessa har under tidens gång influerat såväl förskolans som grundskolan utveckling. Den första skrift som behandlar pedagogiken på svenska kom ut redan 1923 och utlöste då en livlig debatt. Därefter har det varit tunt med publikationer om pedagogiken på vårt språk. Det är därför glädjande att Christine Quarfoods bok Positivism med mänskligt ansikte har publicerats dock ifrågasätter recensenterna författarens underliggande tes.

  • 31.
    Ahlquist, Eva-Maria
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Didactic Science and Early Childhood Education.
    Gynther, Per
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Didactic Science and Early Childhood Education.
    Gustafsson, Christina
    Montessoripedagogik*: En pedagogik för världens alla barn2005In: Boken om pedagogerna, Liber, Stockholm , 2005, 148-169 p.Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken är en aktuell och mångfacetterad beskrivning av vårt pedagogiska arv och dagens skolverklighet. Viktiga frågor som rör utbildningens innehåll, form och mål har fått en särskilt framträdande plats. Kapitlet presenterar Montessoripedagogikens filosofiska idé och gör nedslag i den praktiska tillämpningen från förskola till grundskolans senare år.

  • 32.
    Ahlqvist, Per
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Livslångt lärande: Mer än ett CV?2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats är resultatet av en undersökning av två verksamheter som valt att använda ett icke-formellt verktyg för att synliggöra, erkänna och dokumentera lärande. Utgångspunkten i undersökningen har varit en önskan att pröva om kunskaper om arbetsliv och erfarenheter från arbetsliv är möjliga att synliggöra, erkänna och dokumentera med liknande status och kvalitetssäkring som inom det formella utbildningssystemet. Studien bygger på intervjuer med elever, deltagare och handledare på ett introduktionsprogram med handelsinriktning på gymnasiet samt på ett program i en kommunal arbetsmarknadsåtgärd. Gemensamt för målgruppen av ungdomar och unga vuxna i undersökningen var att de hade låg eller bristfällig utbildningsnivå samt att de riskerade att etableras i ett utanförskap.

    Undersökningen visar att det verktyg som använts visar bygger på en systematik som bidrar till att skapa en tydlig och pedagogisk lärandesituation samt ett arbetssätt som bidrar till en kvalitetssäkrad dokumentation. Den kompetens som deltagarna tillgodogjort sig visade sig även öka matchningsmöjligheterna på arbetsmarknaden. Verktygets etablering i samhället visade sig i undersökningen vara den svagaste länken i användandet. Verktyget upplevdes inte som tillräckligt kommunicerat och känt vilket var till elevernas nackdel. Kvalitetssäkringen visade brister inte minst vad gäller hanteringen av deltagarnas intyg över erhållet lärande. Trots goda resultat visade det sig också vara svårt för ansvariga tjänstemän att motivera kostnaden för användandet.

    Resultatet bör vara intressant för verksamheter som har tankegångar runt en integrativ syn på lärande samt om formella, icke-formella och informella verktyg för att synliggöra och erkänna lärande kan verka i symbios för att öka tillgången till det livslånga lärandet.

  • 33.
    Ahlstrand, Pernilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    "Inte ett öga torrt" - en studie rörande ämnesdidaktiska val i teaterundervisning2015In: Forskning om undervisning och lärande, ISSN 2001-6131, Vol. 3, no 15, 38-60 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I artikeln lyfts resultat från ett pågående arbete fram, där en ny metod prövas. Syftet är att visa hur studier av lärarens didaktiska val kan bidra med kunskap om hur ett kroppsligt kunnande inom skolämnet teater på gymnasienivå utvecklas. Metoden om används är ett exempel på hur man kan studera lärarens didaktiska val och därigenom utveckla kunskap om innehållsliga aspekter av ämnet. Resultatet från studien, där interaktionsanalys har använts, pekar på hur lärares professionella omdöme delvis är inbegripet som del av en praxis. De slutsatser som dras avser att visa hur kunskap i ett estetiskt ämne kan visualiseras och artikuleras. Artikeln syftar till att problematisera och diskutera hur man kan prata om och i undervisningen hantera utvecklandet av ämnesspecifika förmågor.

  • 34.
    Ahlstrand, Pernilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Att kunna lyssna med kroppen: En studie av gestaltande förmåga inom gymnasieskolans estetiska program, inriktning teater2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Theatre has been a school subject in the Swedish upper secondary school's national arts program since 1992 and has its own syllabus and grading criteria. The National Curriculum in theatre emphasises the development of performative capability, which is the focus of this dissertation. This study aims to contribute to the improvement of teachers’ subject-specific language, and concerns certain aspects of student ways of knowing.

    Theatre encompasses tacit knowledge (Lagerström 2003) and as an art form belongs to a tradition of practical knowledge. Knowledge in theatre has traditionally been acquired within a master-apprentice tradition (Johansson 2012, Järleby 2003). When theatre as an art form becomes a school subject the conditions of the art form change through a didactic transposition (Chevallard 2005). The previous two curriculum reforms in Sweden have developed competency-based syllabuses. To meet the school's requirements for planning teaching activities with colleagues as well as assessing and giving feedback to students, theatre knowledge needs to be articulated. Research is therefore needed to develop a professional language among teachers within the subject of theatre.

    I have chosen to work with Learning study, which is a collaborative and iterative research approach which enables the articulation of teachers and students knowing. Data is analysed using foremost phenomenographic analyses. The results generated in this study could be useful for teachers in the process of planning lessons, giving feedback to students, for assessments and grades, for discussing the content of lessons with other teachers, and ultimately for us to begin to recognize different levels of knowing.

  • 35.
    Ahlström, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Lesant, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    ”Barnen är ju redan där, de är ju hur nyfikna och intresserade som helst”: IKT i förskolan2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 210 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med vår studie är att undersöka vilka faktorer som är avgörande när det gäller implementering av IKT i förskolan samt hur arbetet med IKT kan integreras på ett kreativt sätt i den pedagogiska verksamheten. För att försöka ta reda på detta har vi genomfört en kvalitativ studie där vi intervjuat medie/IKT-pedagoger för att kunna ta del av deras tankar och erfarenheter. Resultatet visar att ledning och chefer som satsar på och prioriterar IKT är en viktig aspekt. Att tid avsätts för regelbundna reflektionstillfällen är av mycket stor betydelse för att kunna utveckla arbetet med IKT, ett arbete som måste förstås som en ständigt pågående process. Medutforskande pedagoger med ett nyfiket och öppet förhållningssätt är en avgörande faktor för att IKT ska integreras på ett kreativt sätt i förskolans verksamhet. Studien visar även på vikten av att barn ges möjlighet att utveckla digital kompetens för att kunna vara delaktiga i ett digitalt samhälle.

  • 36.
    Ahlsén, Emelie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, The Stockholm Institute of Education.
    Lundh, Nathalie
    Stockholm University, The Stockholm Institute of Education.
    Teaching Writing in Theory and Practice: A Study of Ways of Working with Writing in the 9th Grade2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study is to take a closer look at how teachers work with writing and to examine some theories on the teaching of writing. Five teachers in two schools are included in order to get an insight in teachers’ practical work with EFL writing. This has been done through classroom observations and interviews. The results show that all teachers seem to use aspects from several theories. The results also show that the teachers’ level of awareness of theories on teaching writing varies

  • 37.
    Ahlén, Barbro
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Ekström, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Samtalets dilemma: Vägledning som instrument vid sjukfrånvaro2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Counselling is one of the most commonly utilized tools in the work place. The purpose of this paper is to explore how four employers utilize early counselling sessions related to absences due to illness. A qualitative research method has been used and four human resource managers have been interviewed. The research questions have been divided into three categories: the counselling structure, the counselling model and the counselling dilemmas. The interviews have been transcribed and processed through these three categories. The results show that most employers are positive regarding conducting initial counselling sessions related to work absences. The experience of the session can vary depending on one’s role in the counselling session. Counselling sessions related to short term work absences are impacted by labour legislation, changes in the workplace, the company culture, and the amount of power held by the person who conducts the counselling session. One of the conclusions of this study is that it is difficult to combine initial counselling sessions regarding work absences with career counselling 

  • 38. Airey, John
    et al.
    Lauridsen, Karen M.
    Räsänen, Anne
    Salö, Linus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Centre for Research on Bilingualism.
    Schwach, Vera
    The expansion of English-medium instruction in the Nordic countries: Can top-down university language policies encourage bottom-up disciplinary literacy goals?2017In: Higher Education, ISSN 0018-1560, E-ISSN 1573-174X, Vol. 73, no 4, 561-576 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, in the wake of the Bologna Declaration and similar international initiatives, there has been a rapid increase in the number of university courses and programmes taught through the medium of English. Surveys have consistently shown the Nordic countries to be at the forefront of this trend towards English-medium instruction (EMI). In this paper, we discuss the introduction of EMI in four Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden). We present the educational setting and the EMI debate in each of these countries and summarize relevant research findings. We then make some tentative suggestions for the introduction of EMI in higher education in other countries. In particular, we are interested in university language policies and their relevance for the day-to-day work of faculty. We problematize one-size-fits-all university language policies, suggesting that in order for policies to be seen as relevant they need to be flexible enough to take into account disciplinary differences. In this respect, we make some specific suggestions about the content of university language policies and EMI course syllabuses. Here we recommend that university language policies should encourage the discussion of disciplinary literacy goals and require course syllabuses to detail disciplinaryspecific language-learning outcomes.

  • 39.
    Ajagán-Lester, Luis
    Stockholm University.
    "De Andra": afrikaner i svenska pedagogiska texter (1768-1965)2000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Ajagán-Lester, Luis
    Stockholm University, The Stockholm Institute of Education, Department of Curriculum Studies and Communication .
    Mot en pluritopisk hermeneutik2005In: Text och existens: hermeneutik möter samhällsvetenskap / [ed] Staffan Selander, Per-Johan Ödman, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2005, 143-160 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Luis Ajagán-Lester fokuserar i sin artikel `den andres hermeneutik` - mötet mellan medlemmar av olika kulturer och frågan hur hermeneutiken kan bidra med förståelse av den Andre. Både tolkningar som är baserad på avstånd i tid respektive rum aktualiserar frågan om hur man förstår sig själv genom bilden av den andre/det andra. Den bildade européns slutenhet i sin egen värld har bidragit till hermeneutikens `monotopika` karaktär. Begreppet `takt`framskrivs en central kategori mi mötet med den andre och i utvecklandet av en `pluritopisk`hermeneutik och `polyfon tolkningsprocess`.

  • 41.
    Ajagán-Lester, Luis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Text och etnicitet: en diskussion om texter och etnisk självförståelse1999In: Textanalys: Introduktion till syftesrelaterad kritik, Studentlitteratur, Lund , 1999, 121-134 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Akbaryian, Hoda
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Kahlin, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Traumatiserade barn från krig: -        En studie om vad två pedagoger och en psykolog berättar om sina möten med dessa barn2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta examensarbete har vi valt att forska om krigets inverkan på barn vilket blev vår utgångspunkt till syftet. Syftet blev att undersöka vad två pedagoger och en psykolog berättar om krigets inverkan på traumatiserade barn från krig. Vi har i litteraturöversikten presenterat olika faktorer som kan påverka barnens utveckling som exempelvis trauma, posttraumatisk stress och kris. Vi har även valt att presentera olika pedagogiska och psykologiska metoder som visar på hur man kan bearbeta barnens traumatiska upplevelser. Vi valde att intervjua två lärare och en psykolog för att ta del av deras erfarenheter kring arbetet med traumatiserade barn från krig. Vi började med att läsa mycket litteratur om krigets påföljder och dess effekter för barnen. Sedan bestämde vi oss för att intervjua två pedagoger och en psykolog för att få en bild av verkligheten. Litteraturen stämde överens med praktiken men vi upptäckte en ny viktig aspekt som människor tidigare kan ha förbisett. Den nya viktiga aspekten visade sig vara pedagogers personliga behov i arbetet med traumatiserade barn. Pedagogerna går in i en nära personlig relation till barnen. Psykologen lägger tonvikt på det psykiska medan pedagogerna visar sina erfarenheter som bygger på ett pedagogiskt synsätt.

  • 43.
    Akpinar, Madeleine
    et al.
    Stockholm University, The Stockholm Institute of Education.
    Gökmen, Meggi
    Stockholm University, The Stockholm Institute of Education.
    Olika skolor- Lika möjligheter?2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vår uppsats handlar om hur en invandrartät och icke invandrartät skola arbetar för att förbättra elevernas skolprestationer vad gäller betygen. Då den ena skolan är invandrartät utgör svenska2 och modersmålsundervisningen grunden för deras kunskapsinhämtande. Eftersom denna skola har en hög andel invandrarelever får de också tillägg till grundpengen vilket ger dem större frihet att fördela resurserna inom verksamheten. Den andra skolan, som har få invandrarelever, får däremot inget tillägg till grundpengen trots att även de har elever som är i behov av stöd. Där får skolledningen istället försöka fördela resurserna på bästa vis. Metoden vi använde oss utav var kvantitativ då vi hämtade statistik genom Statistiska Centralbyrån och Skolverket. Den kvantitativa informationen från statistiken har vi tolkat genom intervjuer med rektorer på vardera skolan samt ställt kompletterande frågor till utbildningskontoret i den ena kommunen. Frågorna till utbildningskontoret behövdes för att förklara lite mer detaljerat hur de delar ut resurser till skolorna i den icke invandrartäta kommunen då detta inte kunde besvaras av skolledningen. Dessa intervjuer utgjorde den kvalitativa metoddelen i arbetet. Det vi kom fram till var att skolorna har olika slags problematik att ta itu med och tillvägagångssättet därmed blir annorlunda. Rektorerna på de två skolorna gör allt som står i deras makt för att kunna erbjuda eleverna en så god skolgång som möjligt efter de resurser som de har att fördela.

  • 44.
    Ala i´-Rosales, Shahla
    et al.
    University of North Texas.
    Roll-Pettersson, Lise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    University Training for Behavior Analysts Specializing in Autism Interventions2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The growing number of children diagnosed with autism and the demand for evidence-based interventions has lead to an increase in the need for well-trained behavior analysts.  There are only a small handful of programs that are accredited by ABAI and have course sequences approved by the BACB.  Even fewer of these programs have formal institutional course approval for classes in autism.  The purpose of this paper is to describe a training summit that was held in September of 2009.  The purpose of the summit was to consider and discuss a wide range of issues involved in higher education and autism intervention and to produce a special volume of the European Journal of Behavior Analysis that would explore these issues.

  • 45.
    Ala í- Rosales, Shahla
    et al.
    University of North Texas.
    Roll-Pettersson, Lise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Pinkelman, Sarah
    University of Oregon.
    Emerging Opportunities in Higher Education: Applied Behavior Analysis and Autism2010In: European Journal of Behavior Analysis, ISSN 1502-1149, Vol. 11, no 2, 207-216 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     

    The growing number of children diagnosed with autism and the recognized importance of evidence-based interventions has substantially increased the need for well-trained applied behavior analysts. Relative to public/consumer demand, there are very few higher education programs that are equipped to train behavior analysts specializing in autism. Worldwide, there are only a few programs accredited by Association for Behavior Analysis International (ABAI), that have course sequences approved by the Behavior Analysis Certification Board (BACB), and have formal institutional course approval for classes in autism and behavior analysis. The purpose of this paper is to introduce a series of expert commentary on the context, content and systems required to build quality higher education programs in autism and applied behavior analysis. Together the articles in this special section of the European Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis form a resource for faculty and university administrators interested in the development of innovative and socially relevant training programs in higher education.

  • 46.
    Alameddine, Josefine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    "Att 'simma' i hela sin personlighet": En genuskritisk diskursanalys om subjektivitet och kön, av ett urval texter om Reggio Emilia-filosofin2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats avser att studera framskrivningar om kön och barns subjektivitet, utifrån en samling texter som beskriver Reggio Emilia-filosofin och dess pedagogik. Med feministisk poststrukturalism och diskursanalys som teori och metod har jag i texterna sökt efter bland annat representationer, och utifrån dessa skrivit fram diskurser om barns subjektivitet respektive barn som könade subjekt. I materialet betonas en helhetssyn på barn, där barnet ses som ett kompetent, medskapande och unikt subjekt – men studien visar också att flickor och pojkar som generaliserade grupper beskrivs som delvis olika, och att denna antagna olikhet ger anledning till exempelvis gruppindelning efter kön. Dessa framställningar uppfattar jag stå i spänningsförhållande till varandra: diskursen om barn som könade kan förstås som begränsande för vad som ryms i diskursen om barns subjektivitet. Fokusering på olikhet mellan könen kan spåras till dels ett inom Reggio Emilia-filosofin värnande av just ”värdet” olikhet och dels en tanke om denna könsliga olikhet som något delvis inneboende hos barnen – en slags essens – som så att säga kommer före det relationella, kontextuella. Denna essentialistiska syn på könsligt bundna egenskaper förefaller stå i kontradiktoriskt förhållande till Reggio Emiliafilosofins betonande av individens unika subjektivitet. Studien gör gällande att denna olikhet, avseende kön, inte problematiseras i merparten av mitt material – men att det samtidigt tycks finnas en slags motdiskurs som gör detta problematiserande.

  • 47.
    Alas, Serkan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Yavuz, Funda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Lärare och läsinlärning i två skolmiljöer2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vår uppsats behandlar skolämnena svenska och svenska som andraspråk och olika lärares arbetssätt i två skilda skolmiljöer. Syftet med arbetet var att granska hur lärare arbetar med läsinlärning d.v.s. vilka metoder lärare använder i sin undervisning och hur deras organisation av läsundervisningen går till. Vi ville studera om det fanns skillnader respektive likheter vad gäller lärares arbetssätt inom ämnena svenska och svenska som andraspråk. Läroplanens strävansmål nämner bl.a. att "skolan skall sträva efter att varje elev lär sig att utforska, lära och arbeta både självständigt och tillsammans med andra" (Läroplanen 1994, s. 9).

    I den ryske psykologen och läraren Lev Vygotskij (1896-1934) har vi hittat ett pedagogiskt tankesätt, där eleven ses i sitt sammanhang och där läraren anpassar sin undervisning så att eleven får möjlighet till utforskande och lärande. Vilket vi genom observation har studerat för att få en inblick om lärare brukar Vygotskijs teorier i praktiken. Vygotskijs sociokulturella perspektiv betonar även att språket och den sociala miljön påverkar- och kan påverka den kognitiva utvecklingen. Begreppet proximal utveckling innebär, inom denna kunskapsteori, att barnet klarar av att lösa uppgifter som är "snäppet över" den egna kunskapsnivån om någon med större erfarenhet hjälper barnet. Denna person kan vara en vuxen eller ett barn. I den här uppsatsen är det läraren som står i fokus d.v.s. hur lärare organiserar undervisningen för att anpassa den till elevernas kunskapsnivå samt hur lärare hjälper elever att gå vidare med en uppgift som de har svårigheter med. Vilket inom Vygotskijs perspektiv nämns för den proximala utvecklingszonen.

    För att få svar på våra forskningsfrågor utförde vi vår fältstudie under två veckor i år 1, då vi intervjuade fyra lärare och observerade deras organisation av läsundervisningen. Resultatet visade på stora likheter mellan samtliga lärares arbetssätt, bl.a. att de använde den traditionella metoden och LTG-metoden i sin läsundervisning. Den största skillnaden mellan de två skolorna i vår undersökning var lärares organisering av undervisningen. Skillnaden synliggjordes under observations- samt intervjutillfällen då lärare i skola A valde att arbeta mer abstrakt. Detta genom att t ex beskriva en skog, hur en skog ser ut och låta eleverna gissa vad det är hon beskriver samtidigt som hon artikulerar bokstaven s flera gånger. I jämförelse med lärare i skola B som arbetade med konkreta material genom att t ex visa en bild på en skog för att så småningom stimulera eleverna till abstrakt tänkande.

  • 48.
    Alas, Serkan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Yavuz, Funda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Lärare och läsinlärning i två skolmiljöer: Syftet med examensarbetet är att ta reda på hur lärare kan organisera läsundervisningen samt vilka uppfattningar lärare har om läsinlärning2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 49.
    Aldenmyr, Sara Irisdotter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Teaching and Learning in the Humanities (CeHum).
    Moral aspects of therapeutic education: a case study of life competence education in Swedish education2012In: Journal of Moral Education, ISSN 0305-7240, E-ISSN 1465-3877, Vol. 41, no 1, 23-37 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Educational philosophers and sociologists have pointed out the potential risks of an educational trend of therapy, which seems to have connotations with Western macro-discourses of individualisation, popularised psychology and privatisation of the public room. The overall purpose of this article is to discuss potential risks and possibilities regarding moral aspects of therapeutic approaches in education from a teacher perspective. I will present the non-mandatory Swedish topic Livskunskap, life competence education (LCE), in a case study in the field of therapeutic education. The article is based on a small, qualitative empirical study of teachers' experiences of teaching LCE and observations of LCE lessons. The empirical material is analysed through two theoretical lenses, the first being critical aspects of therapeutic education, the second being an educational theory of the ethics of care, mainly developed by Nel Noddings.

  • 50.
    Aldén, Mona
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Design och meningsskapande i förskolan: En multimodal designteoretisk studie av fyra lärandesammanhang kring matematik2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study's purpose was, based on a design theoretical multimodal approach to describe, analyze and interpret how three preschool teachers design learning contexts, on the subject of mathematics. Besides, this was also the aim to gain insight on how context of learning designs could be understood and interpreted in terms of learning and meaning. The method I chose was built around a non-participating video observation with a qualitative approach where the goal was to try to understand what took place through the relevant interpretations. The results and conclusions that emerged was that the preschool teachers used a variety of semiotic resources in the form of physical tools along with facial expressions, voice and gestures in their communication with the children. Moreover, it appeared that the children also used a number of different semiotic resources in their work of creating meaning around the different learning situations, designed by the preschool educators, they participated in. It also became clear that the children's previous experiences had a significant role as they also used past experiences as a tool in the meaning-making process.

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