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  • 1.
    Abdelmoez, Joel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies, Middle Eastern Studies.
    “The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Sends its Condolences”: Rhetorical criticism of Saudi Arabian governmental authorities’ social media responses to foreign acts of terror and violence2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims at exploring the rhetorical processes underpinning condolences, as expressed by Saudi Arabian governmental authorities on social media, with a focus on Twitter. Taking its starting point in January of 2015, when the Charlie Hebdo shooting took place in Paris, this study looks comparatively at several acts of terror in order to answer whether these different attacks elicited different responses, and if so, what knowledge can be drawn from this conclusion. Furthermore, this study examines the role of social media in public diplomacy, and in the production and distribution of political discourse, especially as it relates to statements of condolences and expressions of solidarity mediated through twitter. In order to explore this, rhetorical criticism (Mral 2008; Foss 2004; Peirce 2003) is combined with pentadic criticism (Burke 1945) and performativity theory (Rosenberg 2018; Zivi 2016; Gregson and Rose 2014) to form the methodology. A key theoretical concept in this study is “grievability,” which aims at understanding why some deaths are grieved and others are not (Butler 2009; Butler 2004; Butler 2003). As this study shows, mourning itself can be understood as rhetoric, serving political and diplomatic functions rather than being an expression of actual, sincere solidarity or grief. This study also shows that tweets from official government sources can be seen as a performance of public diplomacy, and as performative of the official’s own position. Lastly, it is argued that offering condolences are a way to purchase “humanitarian capital,” which is becoming increasingly important in global politics.

  • 2.
    Adrin, Marco
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Champagnesocialister eller arbetarklasshöger?: Egotropiska partisympatier i Sverige 1986-20202023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research on egotropic voting behavior has examined specific elections and short-term periods, providing limited insights. In this study, I aim to complement and expand the understanding by investigating the phenomenon over a longer time span and specifically focusing on party sympathies of voters, which also captures behavior between elections in Sweden. Using survey data from the SOM Institute, the associations between different levels of household income and their co-variation with party sympathies within various political blocs on a left-right scale are examined through regression analysis. The study demonstrates support for the notion that voters exhibit varying party affiliations in relation to household income. However, the statistically significant results are somewhat weakened when controlling for factors such as education, gender, age, employment, and residential location. To some extent, these findings confirm previous research conclusions that higher incomes are strongly associated with sympathy for and voting for right- wing parties, whereas lower incomes exhibit a stronger relationship with sympathies for left-wing parties. A considerably weaker but similar pattern emerges for household incomes in relation to radical right-wing parties, where low-income households show a greater propensity to vote for these parties compared to high-income households.

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    Kandidatuppsats.M.Adrin.2023
  • 3.
    Aggestam, Lisbeth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    A European foreign policy?: role conceptions and the politics of identity in Britain, France and Germany2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Answering questions in parliament during budget debates: Deliberative reciprocity and globalisation in Western Europe2011In: Parliamentary Affairs, ISSN 0031-2290, E-ISSN 1460-2482, Vol. 64, no 1, p. 153-174Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Much time is spent asking questions during parliamentary debates. To what extent are they answered? This paper investigates this question by examining budget debates in post-1945 France, Sweden, and the UK as well as in the European Parliament from 1996 to 2001. The purpose is to introduce an empirical approach to a theoretical discussion of whether globalisation weakens deliberative democracy within nations while strengthening it between them. It is found that deliberative reciprocity was unexpectedly stable within nations in the course of post-1945 Western globalisation, and that questions are more often answered in national parliaments than in the European Parliament. The paper concludes by considering the implications of these findings for competing visions of political debate as a means for reaching consensus or as an expression of irresolvable conflict.

  • 5.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Citizen Participation in European Politics1999Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Democracy beyond the state in the age of cities: explaining crisis dynamics in national democracy2023In: The Crisis of Democracy in the Age of Cities / [ed] Juval Portugali, Cheltenham/Northampton: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2023, , p. 246-65 p. 246-266Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The age of cities is an unexplored factor in democratic research. What may it reveal about democracy that we did not know before? What new approaches to explain or manage crises of democracy may it suggest? This chapter argues that explanations of democracy in an age of cities should take into consideration how democracy extends beyond individual states. Democracy beyond the state refers to a democracy constituted by the people of more than one state, e.g. all human beings, or by people whose politics is significantly independent of their individual state for other reasons, e.g. because they inhabit a powerful city. Originally constructed to explain outcomes of international politics, the concept of democracy beyond the state holds a unique capacity to register how democracy is transformed in the age of cities. Both concepts describe structures at a global level of analysis, including all humans in single descriptions of their political rule (varying levels of democracy) and their life place (spread variously across cities and the country). This chapter thus offers a conceptualization of democracy that supports a full engagement with the age of cities in democratic research. As a preliminary proof of concept, the chapter also provides an original and parsimonious explanation of today’s crisis of democracy, as observable in democratic backsliding within many countries across the world.  

  • 7.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Democracy Reconsidered: Britain, France, Sweden, and the EU2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate whether some positions in democratic theory should be adjusted or abandoned in view of internationalisation; and if adjusted, how. More specifically it pursues three different aims: to evaluate various attempts to explain levels of democracy as consequences of internationalisation; to investigate whether the taking into account of internationalisation reveals any reason to reconsider what democracy is or means; and to suggest normative interpretations that cohere with the adjustments of conceptual and explanatory democratic theory made in the course of meeting the other two aims.

    When empirical methods are used, the scope of the study is restricted to West European parliamentary democracies and their international affairs. More particularly, the focus is on the making of budget policy in Britain, France, and Sweden after the Second World War, and recent budget policy in the European Union. The aspects of democracy empirically analysed are political autonomy, participation, and deliberation. The material considered includes parliamentary debates, official statistics, economic forecasts, elections manifestos, shadow budgets, general election turnouts, regulations of budget decision-making, and staff numbers in government and parliament budgetary divisions.

    The study reaches the following conclusions among others. (i) The fact that internationalisation increases the divergence between those who make and those who are affected by decisions is not by itself a democratic problem that calls for political reform. (ii) That international organisations may have authorities delegated to them from democratic states is not sufficient to justify them democratically. Democratisation still needs to be undertaken. (iii) The fear that internationalisation dissolves a social trust necessary for political deliberation within nations seems to be unwarranted. If anything, views argued by others in domestic budgetary debate are taken increasingly serious during internationalisation. (iv) The major difficulty with deliberation seems to be its inability to transcend national boundaries. International deliberation at state level has not evolved in response to internationalisation and it is undeveloped in international institutions. (v) Democratic political autonomy diminishes during internationalisation with regard to income redistribution and policy areas taken over by international organisations, but it seems to increase in public spending. (vi) In the area of budget policy-making there are no signs that governments gain power at the expense of parliaments during internationalisation. (vii) To identify crucial democratic issues in a time of internationalisation and to make room for theoretical virtues like general applicability and normative fruitfulness, democracy may be defined as a kind of politics where as many as possible decide as much as possible.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 8.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Democratic founding: We the people and the others - A rejoinder to Mark Tushnet2012In: International Journal of Constitutional Law, ISSN 1474-2640, E-ISSN 1474-2659, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 866-870Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Demokrati på europeisk nivå1998In: Demokrati på europeisk nivå? / [ed] Hans Agné, Stockholm: Fritzes offentliga publikationer , 1998, p. 7-44Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Den europeiska föreningen av välfärdsstat och gränsöverskridande kapitalism2000In: Europaperspektiv: årsbok för Europaforskning inom ekonomi, juridik och statskunskap / [ed] Ulf Bernitz, Sverker Gustavsson, Lars Oxelheim, Stockholm: Santérus Förlag, 2000, p. 223-247Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Does global democracy matter? Hypotheses on famine and war2010In: Transnational Actors in Global Governance: Patterns, Explanations and Implications / [ed] Christer Jönsson, Jonas Tallberg, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010, p. 177-196Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Would an extension of democracy to global politics have a restraining effect on famine and war just as democracy within states is commonly thought to have? This chapter will develop theoretical arguments that suggest an affirmative answer to this question and encourage the building of a research agenda which submits those arguments to empirical testing. For this purpose I will conceive of global democracy as fostered in part by transnational participation in international institutions. This premise is common in the literature to which this volume seeks to contribute, but it also serves to facilitate an empirical grounding of the theory that I seek to develop: observed variation in transnational participation in international institutions can on the basis of this premise be treated as variation also in a necessary but insufficient condition of a particular model of global democracy.

  • 12.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University.
    Erkänn stater på demokratiska grunder: Debattartikel2008In: Sydsvenska dagbladetArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University.
    EU-politiken tvingar de nya moderaterna attbekänna färg: Debattartikel2006In: EuropaportalenArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Sweden.
    European Union Conditionality: Coercion or Voluntary adaptation?2009In: Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, E-ISSN 1303-5525, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 1-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on the enlargement conditionality of the European Union sustains opposite positions on the question of whether it represents a means of coercion or an invitation to voluntary adaptation. However, it reveals no dialogue between advocates of these opposed views. In an attempt to replace this gap in communication with a research agenda, this article undertakes a theoretical investigation of the main arguments for regarding compliance with conditionality either as an effect of coercion or as a voluntary choice. It is found that both of these views are worth taking seriously but also that they are premature and in need of further theoretical and in particular empirical clarification. It is suggested, moreover, that coercion and voluntary adaptation are best viewed as complementary rather than competing descriptions of complying with conditionality.

    Since the end of the Cold War the European Union has made use of conditionality in an increasing number of policy areas. Lending programs, trade agreements, foreign aid, and the Eastern enlargements have been promulgated through processes in which countries are required to meet certain conditions. Conditionality is also part of an established practice in global governance, featuring most notoriously in the development programs of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. And although trends like China’s economic engagement in Africa and the repayments of foreign debts in South America might limit the impact of Western conditionality, its scope and political significance remain incontestable. Indeed, in Angola, Belarus, Cuba, Indonesia, Macedonia, Serbia, Turkey, Zimbabwe, and many other places, people continue to be subject to conditions set for them by international powers.

  • 15.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Fel syn på universitetet ger fusk och bristande kvalitet2017In: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, , p. 1Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 16.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Flyktingkrisen öppnar vägar till en bättre värld2015In: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University.
    Gemensamma skatter ökarfriheten i EMU: Brännpunkt debatt2011In: Svenska dagbladetArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University.
    Omotiverat hårda straff i Göteborg. Vad menar egentligen svenska domstolar med "demokrati?: DN Kultur.2002In: Dagens NyheterArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Popular power in the European Union: Delegated or Alienated?2015In: The European Union: Democratic Principles and Institutional Architectures in Times of Crisis / [ed] Simona Piattoni, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, p. 46-62Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The important role played by national governments in the creation of European institutions and policies is often invoked to reinforce the democratic legitimacy of the European Union. As long as leaders of all states constitutive of the EU are democratically elected, the EU has a reasonable claim to democratic legitimacy for itself, regardless of how it creates policies and institutions on an everyday basis. The powers of the EU are delegated by, and not alienated from, national democracies. Notwithstanding the importance in political practice of this attempt at defending the democratic legitimacy of the EU, this chapter suggests that it fails on theoretical grounds alone and that the normative problem indicated by this failure is aggravated as a consequence of the euro crisis. The chapter identifies more promising avenues toward a legitimate EU by examining democracy defined as a particular form of constituent power.

  • 20.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University.
    S har inteförstått dagens arbeten: Debattartikel2011In: GöteborgspostenArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
     The Foundation of Legitimate States: The problem of External Powers2008In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 110, no 1, p. 35-42Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The Myth of International Delegation: Limits to and Suggestions for Democratic Theory in the Context of the European Union2007In: Government and Opposition, ISSN 0017-257X, E-ISSN 1477-7053Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    To Share Democratic Legitimacy Between Different Political Levels1999In: Citizen Participation in European Politics, Stockholm: Fritzes , 1999, p. 117-136Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University.
    Öppenhet skapar en säkrare värld: Brännpunkt debatt2010In: GöteborgspostenArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25.
    Agné, Hans
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Jansson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Näsström, Sofia
    Tiggarna en ödesfråga för EU2014In: Göteborgsposten, ISSN 1103-9345, no 23 majArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26.
    Ahlén, Anton
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Unconditional Conditions: A Study of How Civic Integration Policies Affect Migration Flows in Europe2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the last decade, there has been a diffusion of civic integration policies in Europe, which

    requires immigrants by certain category of entry to accomplish integration tests for

    acquisition of residence. Despite a flurry of literature based on civic integration policies,

    attention drawn to the implication of these policies has been quite rare. This thesis examines

    how civic integration strategies associate with immigration, and tests if civic integration

    policies are connected to variations of immigration by certain category of entry. I argue in

    this thesis that the conditional factor in civic integration policies creates a barrier for affected

    migrants and their possibility to gain long term residence in the host country. Based on

    theories of immigrant integration that relate civic integration to the backlash against

    multiculturalism in Europe, the thesis emphasize a reasoning in which the push for internal

    inclusion seems to be associated with excluding implications. The result presented here

    shows that there are connections between the extension of civic integration policies and

    reduced family and labour immigration between 2004 and 2011. The connection between the

    variables can however not be discerned from other integration requirements. The main

    concern is the lack of harmonized data, which obstructs the possibility to test for causality

    and to draw generalizing conclusions. However, the thesis reveals noteworthy correlations

    between the concepts, which contribute to the research field by connecting civic integration

    to immigration and by showing what implications civic integration policies may result in.

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    Unconditional Conditions
  • 27.
    Ahmed, Ishtiaq
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Abdullahi An-Naim on Constitutional and Human Rights Issues1993In: Islamic Law Reform and Human Rights, Oslo: Nordic Human Rights Publications , 1993Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Ahmed, Ishtiaq
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Ethnicity abd Separatist Movements in South Asia1993In: Formation of Identity and Dynamics of Conflict in the 1990s, Göteborg: Nordnes , 1993Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Ahmed, Ishtiaq
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Politics of Ethncity, and the Rise of Separatist Movements in South Asia1992In: When Democracy Makes Sense, Uppsala: AKUT , 1992Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Ahmed, Ishtiaq
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Religious Nationalism and Sikhism1996In: Questioning the Secular State: The Worldwide Resurgence of Religion in Politics, London: Hurst & Company , 1996Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Ahmed, Ishtiaq
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sikherna och sikhisk nationalism1994In: Stat, Nation och Nationalism i Asien, Uppsala: Sällskapet för asienstudier , 1994Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Ahmed, Ishtiaq
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sydasiatisk islam: Konfronation mellan gamla värderingar och nya realitet1994In: Majoritetens Islam: Om Muslimer utanför Arabvärlden, Stockholm: Arena , 1994Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Ahmed, Ishtiaq
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The Kashmir Dispute: Is There an Important Hydropolitical Dimension to It?1998In: Hydropolitik och Demokrati, Uppsala: Sällskapet för asienstudier , 1998Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Ahmed, Ishtiaq
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Tillämpningen av islamsk lag i Europa1997In: Euroislam - en tulipanaros?, Stockholm: Svenska Nationalkommitten För Kulturellt Samarbete i Europa , 1997Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Ahmedi, Idris
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    El Kurdistanán iraní: pasado, presente y futuro2014In: Estos son los kurdos: Análisis de una Nación / [ed] Manuel Férez Gil, México: Universidad Anáhuac , 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Ajeganov, Boris
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Post-accession Poland in the EU – connecting policy co-ordination features to long-term administrative capacity trends2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to study and describe Poland’s policy co-ordination system, demonstrate the decline in Polish administrative capacity over time, and attempt to find and explain institutionality- driven links between the two. For this purpose, three policy co-ordination systems were deconstructed, a mechanism for analysing that data created, and information on Poland’s administrative performance was collected. The study finds that some structural features within Poland’s hierarchical, amalgamated co-ordination system can foster incentives to suppress the improvement of its own public administration.

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    Post-accession Poland in the EU
  • 37.
    Alipour, Mohadeseh
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Hur skapas trygghet i otrygghetens land: Trygghetsfrämjande arbete i fysisk planering av ett utsatt område med fokus på Centrala Hallunda belägen i Botkyrka kommun.2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Polisen (2015) uppger att förorter kan upplevas som otrygga platser bland annat på grund av förekomsten av narkotikahandel och brottslighet. Dessa miljöer har därför blivit ödsliga, förlorat sin funktion och påverkats negativt i takt med framväxten av bostäder i innerstaden. Denna kvalitativa fallstudie syftar till att studera hur den fysiska planeringen av Hallunda-Norsborg belägen i Botkyrka kommun ser ut idag samt hur kommunen arbetar med trygghetsfrämjande åtgärder med utveckling av den fysiska miljön samt de utmaningar och möjligheter kommunen bemöter i sin trygghetsfrämjandea arbetet. Resultaten bygger på observation av Hallunda-Norsborg, semistrukturerade intervjuer med tre tjänstepersoner från Botkyrka kommun, enkätundersökning och intervjuer med invånare.Resultatet visar att den fysiska miljön har påverkan på den upplevda tryggheten och hur den skapar möjlighet eller utmaningar för att brott kan ske i den fysiska miljön. Områdets fysiska utformning med bland annat miljonprogrammets stadsfördelning, centrumets omslutande utformning och långa gångvägar i området är exempel på faktorer vilka medför brottslighet och skapar otrygghet. Långsiktiga åtgärder kräver flera aktörers engagemang eftersom det handlar om förändring av en redan byggd struktur. Studien har således ämnat bidra till större förståelse för kommunalt utveckling av trygghetsfrämjande arbete vid planering av den fyiska miljön av ett utsatt område som Hallunda-Norsborg. 

  • 38.
    Allstrin, Susanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Jämställdhet i form av heltidsarbete: Om den genus-epistemiska kulturens konstruktion av arbete och jämställdhet2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish welfare model has long been based on the motto that as many people should work as much as possible. Paid work is considered to be an institution that creates a sense of belonging, identity and purpose in life. For women in particular, paid work has been a means towards economic freedom and emancipation from men. Sweden is today considered to be at the forefront of gender equality policy development. Despite that, there are still significant differences concerning gender equality in regard to which sex has the largest responsibility for the unpaid care and domestic work at home. Also, the amount of labor hours differs depending on if you are a man or a woman. There seems to be a consensus between different feminist researchers and politicians that there is a link between working hours and gender equality, but how is this connection outlined? This thesis makes visible the prevailing knowledge of working hours, linked to gender equality, that gender experts have produced within the Swedish Government Official Report series, and which has thereby made the issue manageable. Through Bacchi’s discourse analysis “What is the problem represented to be?”, the study critically studies the statements made by Delegationen för jämställdhet i arbetslivet (JA-delegationen) and applies Kathi Weeks critical view of work on the analysis. The study concludes that there are two prominent problem representations: women’s part-time work and fathers’ low participation in the unpaid care and domestic work. Both problem representations assume that only women in a relationship with small children are affected by the problems, and that both norms, agents and structures come into play. This in turn makes single mothers as a group invisible. The report creates a dichotomy between part-time, and full-time work and thereby a dichotomy between paid work and unpaid care and domestic work, by instilling the latter with low value which solidifies the current work ethic. This in turn has consequences for what type of politics is made possible and impossible. The report makes possible the subject of the female worker and the male caregiver.

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    fulltext
  • 39.
    Alvarado, Camilo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Justicialist Party: Peronism and Institutionalization in Argentina2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims at examining the level of institutionalization of the argentine party system as well as the Justicialist party. The paper presents two parallel analyses on the argentine party system and the Justicialist Party using two different perspectives on the concept of institutionalization. The first is a qualitative analysis using Mainwaring and Scully’s (1995) theory and operationalization of institutionalizations of party systems. This part analyses presidential and parliamentary electoral results in the period between 1995 and 2013. The second part of the study is a qualitative analysis of the Justicialist Party within the theoretical framework proposed by Randall and Svåsand (2002). This section analyses the origins of the party and its history throughout the 1900’s focusing on the character of the party, the relationship between the party as a whole and its leader(s) as well as the relationship between the party as a whole and its different factions. 

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    fulltext
  • 40.
    Andegiorgis, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Paradoxen i Västafrika: En jämförande studie mellan Elfenbenskustens och Ghanas agerande i EPA-förhandlingarna med EU2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Varför har Elfenbenskusten och inte Ghana skrivit på ett interimsavtal med EU mellan 2008 och 2013?

    Utifrån ovanställda frågeställning utreder föreliggande uppsats paradoxen om två förhållandevis lika länder som har agerat olika i förhandlingar med EU om ekonomiska partnerskapsavtal (EPA). Frågan besvaras med hjälp av förhandlingsteoretiska förklaringar som belyser varför avtal sluts eller ej. För uppsatsen ändmål sammanfattas dessa som inrikespolitiska, miljömässiga och strukturella aspekter. Resultatet visar att inrikespolitiska förändringar i Ghana föranledde landets beslut att avstå från att underteckna interimsavtal med EU. För Elfenbenskustens del förelåg miljömässiga aspekter som kunde förklara varför landet beslöt sig för att underteckna ett interimsavtal med EU.

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    Paradoxen i Västafrika: En jämförande studie mellan Elfenbenskustens och Ghanas agerande i EPA-förhandlingarna med EU.
  • 41.
    Andersson, Isabella
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Mining for the low-carbon transition: Conflicting discourses of sacrifice zones and win-win narratives2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To support the transition towards a low-carbon economy, mining companies, international financial institutions and governments are preparing to drastically scale up mineral extraction of energy transition minerals such as cobalt and lithium. Mineral extraction, however, has far-reaching impacts on the biophysical environment and mining-affected communities that may become more severe under a changing climate. In May 2019, the World Bank sought to respond to these challenges with the launch of its climate-smart mining Facility, evoking critique from non-governmental organisations working in solidarity with frontline communities. Drawing on poststructuralist political ecology and discourse analysis, this study examines the conflicting narratives on mining for the energy transition and interrogates the political solutions made conceivable through these narratives. Utilizing documents by proponents and opponents of the climate-smart mining Facility, and semi-structured interviews, the analysis reveals two contrasting discourses on mining for the energy transition, problematising climate change as a problem of rising CO2 emissions, and as a social justice problem rooted in global inequality respectively. These distinct conceptualisations generate three key and overlapping tensions, relating to (i) global versus local priorities, (ii) mitigation and adaptation, and (iii) socio-technical versus socio-political transformations. By highlighting these discursive processes, the results aid our understanding in how mining is made salient in the carbon constrained future, and which actors are likely to benefit and be harmed by the promotion of climate-smart mining. 

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    Andersson2021
  • 42.
    Andersson, Monica
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Politik och stadsbyggande: Modernismen och byggnadslagstiftningen2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this dissertation is to describe, understand and explain the role of modernism in Swedish urban planning, and analyze if modernist urban planning ideas influenced building legislation in ways that can explain the structural changes of our cities during post-war period. Earlier epochs were characterized by intense construction of working-class housing in garden cities and large courtyard housing blocks with double-sided lighting in residences.

       The dissertation has been carried out within the tradition of historical institutionalism with a counterfactual approach. It covers the time from 1928 to the present with a focus on the period 1928-1975. The object of study is the formal regulations in building legislation. The central analytical instruments are formative moments and path dependence. A formative moment should be characterized by uncertainty, significance and unpredictability. Path dependence is studied with the help of theories of experience-based learning and the power of bureaucracy. 

       The dissertation shows that modernist ideas were written into the building code of 1931 in accordance with functional partitioning and a diagram by Walter Gropius from the 1920s calling for relative distances between houses, the longer the higher houses, and direct sunlight on facades, permitting one-sided lighting in residences. Instead of prevailing praxis, cities were built in conformity with principles of buildings-in-the-park with slab blocks. These regulations were gradually tightened over time and also guided redevelopment policy. In the sixties higher slab blocks and tower blocks began to be frequently built and functional partitioning assumed a unique guiding role in traffic policy and urban planning. Starting in the middle of the 1970s, modernist ideas gradually were dismissed in government policy.

       Leading modernist architects where driving forces in the formative moment, supported by the Association of Property Owners. Their colleagues could, in the path dependent process, augment the modernist ideas by virtue of their profession. They led state agencies, participated in commissions on building legislation and wrote referral comments on proposals, as well as sitting on building committees together with building contractors, entrepreneurs and construction workers.

  • 43.
    Angerbrandt, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Sverige .
    I skuggan av Boko Haram: Nigeria går till val2014Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 44.
    Angerbrandt, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Political decentralisation and conflict: The Sharia crisis in Kaduna, Nigeria2011In: Journal for Contemporary African Studies, ISSN 0258-9001, E-ISSN 1469-9397, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 15-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When states in northern Nigeria started processes for implementing Sharia laws in 1999, it triggered sentiments all over the country. In Kaduna State, the proposal led to demonstrations and violent clashes. The article examines the ways in which different scales of politics are mutually constituted in the Sharia case and how the Sharia proposal subsequently resulted in clashes in Kaduna. It is argued that the Sharia initiative, even though it started as a sub-national question, was connected to a national power contestation. However, the federal government remained passive and diverted the issue to local political space. In Kaduna, the issue took dimensions that incurred with apprehensive local political contention that made it escalate into violence and polarising people according to religion. An analysis of the crisis in Kaduna is offered that does not regard the conflict as locally confined, but as inherently related to wider political and historical processes.

  • 45.
    Angerbrandt, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science. The Nordic Africa Institute, Sweden.
    Struggles over Identity and Territory: Regional Identities in Ethnoreligious Conflict in Northern Nigeria2016In: Nationalism & Ethnic Politics, ISSN 1353-7113, E-ISSN 1557-2986, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 172-192Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores how ethnoreligious conflict over boundaries and territoriality involves a politics of scale, that is, how positions and demands are framed by actors according to, for instance, local, regional, and national scales. The analysis focuses on how Muslim actors in a conflict in Kaduna State in Nigeria frame a regional, northern Nigerian identity that varies in content and form depending on the scalar context in which communal conflict is placed with regional and national politics yielding different identifications.

  • 46.
    Avermark, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Demokratins vårdare?: En kvalitativ studie om protesterande sjukvårdspersonal och förvaltningsetik2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Offentligt anställda förväntas agera i enlighet med förvaltningsetiken och implementera politiskt fattade beslut. Att rollen kan uppleva förvaltningsetikens krav som oförenliga med deras yrkesetik har aktualiserats efter riksdagsvalet 2022. I samband med regeringsbildningen presenterade regeringspartierna med samarbetsparti Tidöavtalet, i vilket det föreslås att offentliganställda som kommer i kontakt med individer utan uppehållstillstånd ska vara skyldiga att anmäla detta till Migrationsverket och polis. Detta har lett till stora protester hos bland annat hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal, som mobiliserat under parollen Vi anger inte. 

    Utifrån hälso- och sjukvårdspersonalens protester belyser uppsatsen den potentiella spänningen mellan krav på styrbarhet och att den offentligt anställde agerar etiskt ansvarsfullt, såväl professionsetiskt som förvaltningsetiskt. Studien använder sig av Lundquists teori om konkurrerande etiska system för utvärdera om och hur protesten kan motiveras förvaltningsetiskt. Det empiriska material som ligger till grund för undersökningen utgörs huvudsakligen av debattinlägg av hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal. Dessa har analyserats med hjälp av riktad kvalitativ innehållsanalys. 

    Resultaten visar att personalens protester kan förstås dels utifrån ett professionsetiskt perspektiv, dels utifrån ett förvaltningsetiskt enligt vilket sjukvårdspersonalen uppvisar ämbetskurage. Likväl är den rollen oförenlig med den som styrbar offentliganställd. 

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  • 47.
    Backman, Sarah
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    Making Sense of Large-scale Cyber Incidents: International Cybersecurity Beyond Threat-based Security Perspectives2023Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Large-scale cyber incidents have figured prominently in securitizing speech acts over the last decade. This thesis demonstrates how conceptualizations of cybersecurity as a public security problem connects to and shapes cybersecurity governance in national and international settings. It explores how theoretical lenses drawn from the securitization, riskification, crisis and socio-technical systems literatures can improve our understanding of the phenomena of large-scale cyber incidents, and how such incidents are interpreted by key actors. The thesis includes four articles comprising case studies which utilize in-depth interviews, text analysis and discourse analysis. The findings reveal a steady development towards an increasingly threat-based security logic in both national and international cyber policy settings. The case studies also highlight the volatile nature of malware proliferation, the tendency of collateral damage from directed cyberattacks, the transboundary characteristics of large-scale cyber incidents, and the central role of civil contingencies actors and the private sector in cybersecurity governance. The implications of these findings are discussed in relation to the increasing securitization and militarization of cyberspace. Overall, this thesis contributes to our understanding of how cybersecurity is constructed as a security problem in theory and practice, and it employs analytical approaches which facilitate the exploration of international cybersecurity along more than just traditional ‘hard’ security lines.

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    Making Sense of Large-scale Cyber Incidents: International Cybersecurity Beyond Threat-based Security Perspectives
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  • 48. Backman, Sarah
    Normal Cyber Accidents2023In: Journal of Cyber Policy, ISSN 2373-8871, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 114-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Several of the most serious cyber incidents affecting critical infrastructure to date have been the result of collateral damage, indirect effects, malware that ‘escaped’ their intended target and/or incontrollable malware proliferation. This tendency has so far been under-explored in the International Relations (IR) literature, and its potential implications largely overlooked. By focusing on the role of socio-technical system dynamics, this article aims to contribute to advancing our understanding of collateral (incidental) damage and unexpected consequences connected to offensive cyber operations. More specifically, it introduces an analytical framework based on Normal Accidents (NA) theory. The framework highlights dynamics which make complex systems more difficult to analyse and more prone to cascading failures. Its application is explored using in-depth interviews and empirical case examples of large-scale cyber incidents. The results highlight the difficulty of achieving controlled and precise effects when disrupting components in complex systems. The article concludes with a discussion on the need for renewed attention to escalatory risks connected to destructive offensive cyber. 

  • 49.
    Bak, Krzysztof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Kto przyznaje pokojowego Nobla?2021In: Polityka, ISSN 2082-4238, no 44, p. 99-99Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 50.
    Barkman, Henric
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Barriärer och broar för hållbar konsumtion: Fyra typer av medborgarkonsumenter och möjligheterna för deras engagemang2014Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable consumption is seen as a crucial political issue on the global agenda by politicians, the scientific community, and citizens who are worried about unsustainable consumption. However, several studies have shown that some consumers with "green" values do not consume sustainably – there is often a gap between attitude and behavior. One explanation is that the commitment to sustainable consumption is discouraged by barriers to action. For example, the supply of sustainable goods may be inadequate or the products too expensive. Such goods may be perceived as ineffective in their purpose to promote sustainable development, or perhaps it is believed that there are not enough other people who consume sustainably to make the individual effort worthwhile. However, some studies have indicated that there are also "reverse gaps". That is, there are people who are not particularly motivated to engage in sustainable consumption, but who do so anyway.

    The study examines why consumers sometimes engage in sustainable consumption (operationalized as a choice of environmental and Fairtrade certified products) but do not at other times. Research questions include which individual prerequisites (motivation and resources) are important for sustainable consumption, how they are distributed among citizens in Sweden, and finally whether perceived opportunities for sustainable consumption can form not only barriers but also "bridges" for engagement and how these are formed. The latter could explain the "reverse gaps" mentioned above.

    The author builds on the discussion about the challenges that sustainable development poses for the concept of citizenship. Researchers argue that sustainable development requires a transformation of traditional citizenship theory into a "sustainable citizenship". This is not limited by nation-state borders, takes into account past and future generations, and is open to the idea that responsibility-taking can, and sometimes should, be carried out in the private sphere.

    The dissertation is based on quantitative analysis of a (Swedish) representative survey and shows how consumers can be divided into different clusters based on their individual prerequisites: "Capable Critics", "Capital Weak Critics", "Conditionals" and ”Skeptics". Even if it is only the Capable Critics who have both the high motivation and a high level of resources that theoretically could be assumed to be necessary, there are a significant amount of consumers who choose environmental and Fairtrade labeled goods regularly across all clusters. These types of consumers encounter bridges to action by particularly positive perceived opportunities that make the engagement a little less demanding on individual prerequisites. The bridges are not the same for all clusters though. Their particular approach to sustainable consumption determines which factors are most important.

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