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  • 1.
    Agné, Hans
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Dellmuth, Lisa Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Tallberg, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Does stakeholder involvement foster democratic legitimacy in international organizations? An empirical assessment of a normative theory2015Inngår i: The Review of International Organizations, ISSN 1559-7431, E-ISSN 1559-744X, Vol. 10, nr 4, s. 465-488Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The involvement of non-state organizations in global governance is widely seen as an important step toward global democracy. Proponents of "stakeholder democracy" argue that stakeholder organizations, such as civil society groups and other non-state actors, may represent people significantly affected by global decisions better than elected governments. In this article we identify a particularly promising sociological variant of this argument, test it against new evidence from a large-scale survey among stakeholder organizations with varying levels of involvement in international organizations (IOs), and find that the suggested stakeholder mechanism for producing democratic legitimacy in global governance does not work. Stakeholder involvement is unproductive for democratic legitimacy in IOs as perceived by stakeholders themselves. We suggest alternative explanations of this finding and argue that empirical analysis is useful for adjudicating normative arguments on the viability of stakeholder democracy in global governance.

  • 2.
    Ahl, Jens
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia och internationella relationer.
    Influencing the heads of state and government: Europarty influence in the European Council, in the light of the Spitzenkandidaten-processes in 2014 and 2019.2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to contribute to the debate on the influence of Europarties in the European Union decision-making process, and more precisely in the European Council. As a starting point the theory on Europarty influence in the European Council, by Jonas Tallberg and Karl Magnus Johansson, will be tested in order to assess its validity. There is a need to further research the role of the Europarties in the decision-making processes of the European Union, since the contributions to the field are scarce. The theory suggests that Europarties can be expected to be influential when 1) there is ideological polarisation surrounding the question of concern, 2) one party is dominating the European Council, and 3) when a Europarty is successful in mobilising and creating cohesion among its leaders. In addition, the Europarties have to be able to compete with domestic constraints that the members of the Council are bound by. The theory is empirically tested by a comparative case study on the outcomes of the Spitzenkandidaten-processes in the European elections in 2014 and 2019. It seems that the Europarties were influential and managed to get a Spitzenkandidat elected as Commission President in 2014, but less successful in 2019. However, the findings of the empirical study suggest that the Europarties were successful in mobilising support also in 2019, but a chain of events led to the fall of the Spitzenkandidaten-process in its current shape and the Europarties have most likely lost a part of their long-term influence.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3. Airey, John
    et al.
    Lauridsen, Karen M.
    Räsänen, Anne
    Salö, Linus
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Centrum för tvåspråkighetsforskning.
    Schwach, Vera
    The expansion of English-medium instruction in the Nordic countries: Can top-down university language policies encourage bottom-up disciplinary literacy goals?2017Inngår i: Higher Education, ISSN 0018-1560, E-ISSN 1573-174X, Vol. 73, nr 4, s. 561-576Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, in the wake of the Bologna Declaration and similar international initiatives, there has been a rapid increase in the number of university courses and programmes taught through the medium of English. Surveys have consistently shown the Nordic countries to be at the forefront of this trend towards English-medium instruction (EMI). In this paper, we discuss the introduction of EMI in four Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden). We present the educational setting and the EMI debate in each of these countries and summarize relevant research findings. We then make some tentative suggestions for the introduction of EMI in higher education in other countries. In particular, we are interested in university language policies and their relevance for the day-to-day work of faculty. We problematize one-size-fits-all university language policies, suggesting that in order for policies to be seen as relevant they need to be flexible enough to take into account disciplinary differences. In this respect, we make some specific suggestions about the content of university language policies and EMI course syllabuses. Here we recommend that university language policies should encourage the discussion of disciplinary literacy goals and require course syllabuses to detail disciplinaryspecific language-learning outcomes.

  • 4.
    Becker, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier, JMK.
    Hauserman, Nancy
    Gatuförsäljare som globala entreprenörer2014Inngår i: Det globaliserade arbetslivet / [ed] Marinette Fogde, Johanna Övling, Gidlund i samarbete med Arbetets museum , 2014, s. 25-34Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 5.
    Beckman, Frida
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    A Governmentality Perspective on Polycentric Governing2023Inngår i: Polycentrism: How Governing Works Today / [ed] Frank Gadinger; Jan Aart Scholte, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2023, s. 305-324Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores the tension between how we are governed and how we think we are governed. The diffusion and multiplication of centers, practices, and techniques of power in a polycentric world challenges philosophical and political traditions which assume that we are liberal subjects, and that political power can be located in the state. Adopting a Foucauldian perspective, the chapter maps such increasingly dispersed and diverse techniques of power as they develop to create a neoliberal society of control. Whereas older forms of disciplinary control relied on more centralized and therefore more readily identifiable forms of power, neoliberal control thrives on continuous modulations and variations of power, which thereby becomes more elusive. The dispersion and invisibility of neoliberal power encourages a spread of uncertainty and paranoia in the contemporary West. Uncertainty extends to everything including knowledge (e.g. what news is ‘true’ and what is ‘fake’) and identity (e.g. what can replace the liberal subject). The (increasingly desperate) will for certainty brings an intensification of extremist and nationalist identitarian forces. Through it all runs a legitimacy crisis that emerges from the clash between deep-rooted conceptions of the liberal subject and neoliberal modes that no longer operate on the basis of such conceptions.

  • 6.
    Beckman, Ludvig
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Global diffusion and the role of courts in shaping the human right to vote2013Inngår i: The Politics of the Globalization of Law / [ed] Alison Brysk, London: Routledge, 2013Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 7.
    Bjällstrand, Thomas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    China: Friend or Foe?: Understanding the U.S Pacific Pivot to China's Confusing Confucianism2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The great strategic distrust between the two world largest economic and military powers is one of the most debated topics in contemporary international relations. This thesis question if the current hegemon view its new competitor as an offensive or defensive realist state and which policies should consequently be taken. China’s policy of peaceful coexistence and the U.S attempt of global integration may not be fully compatible and the thesis illuminates the contradicting notions of China Confucius values and how they are visible in its foreign policy rhetoric.

    The thesis conclude by stating that the China’s ambitions in not seen as following the guidelines of a defensive realist state in the eye of the United States and that China’s so called unique characteristics and values are mere rhetoric that does not seem to shape its current foreign policy. The U.S response is so far a passive containment by increasing cooperation with other actors in the region as a balancing act while simultaneously cautiously engage and try to influence China to adopt policies fitting a global player and work for peaceful solutions to international problems. Thus China is not seen as either a friend or a foe but is currently viewed as being in a grey area of competitor and cooperator.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    China: Friend or Foe?
  • 8. Boin, Arjen
    et al.
    Ekengren, Magnus
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    The European Union as crisis manager: patterns and prospects2013Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The European Union is increasingly being asked to manage crises inside and outside the Union. From terrorist attacks to financial crises, and natural disasters to international conflicts, many crises today generate pressures to collaborate across geographical and functional boundaries. What capacities does the EU have to manage such crises? Why and how have these capacities evolved? How do they work and are they effective? This book offers an holistic perspective on EU crisis management. It defines the crisis concept broadly and examines EU capacities across policy sectors, institutions and agencies. The authors describe the full range of EU crisis management capacities that can be used for internal and external crises. Using an institutionalization perspective, they explain how these different capacities evolved and have become institutionalized. This highly accessible volume illuminates a rarely examined and increasingly important area of European cooperation.

  • 9. Bossong, Raphael
    et al.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen. Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Sweden.
    European internal security as a public good2013Inngår i: European Security, ISSN 0966-2839, E-ISSN 1746-1545, Vol. 22, nr 2, s. 129-147Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This introduction argues for a new research agenda on European internal security cooperation from the perspective of public goods. We set out our case in three parts. First, we identify new empirical puzzles and demonstrate significant explanatory gaps in the existing internal security literature which public goods theory could help address. Second, we outline the building blocks of a public goods approach and provide an overview of its application, both existing and potentially, in various areas of regional security and European integration. Third, we present three complementary ways of using public goods theory to analyse internal security in the European Union, with the aim of spurring new research questions while accepting some limitations of this theoretical approach.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 10. Boström, Magnus
    et al.
    Micheletti, Michele
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Introducing the Sustainability Challenge of Textiles and Clothing2016Inngår i: Journal of Consumer Policy, ISSN 0168-7034, E-ISSN 1573-0700, Vol. 39, nr 4, s. 367-375Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 11. Brattberg, Erik
    et al.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen. Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Sweden.
    Actorness and effectiveness in international disaster relief: the European Union and United States in comparative perspective2013Inngår i: International Relations, ISSN 0047-1178, E-ISSN 1741-2862, Vol. 27, nr 3, s. 356-374Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the role of the European Union (EU) and United States as actors in international disaster relief. We take the analysis of ‘actorness’ one step further than normal by assessing the extent to which different aspects of EU and US actorness led to effectiveness in actual outcomes. In doing so, we make two contributions. First, we provide a rare comparison between EU and US foreign policy actorness, shedding light on the actor capability of each bloc in the area of international disaster relief. Second, we specify the relationship between actorness and effectiveness, a relationship which is too often assumed rather than explored. Using previous research of EU and US actorness as a starting point, we link four aspects of actorness to effectiveness and assess the resulting hypotheses using the case of the 2010 Haiti earthquake. We find support for our proposed links between actorness and effectiveness, although further research is needed before robust conclusions can be drawn.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 12.
    Bößner, Stefan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Suljada, Tim
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Johnson, Francis X.
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Bruno, Aina
    Rodriguez Morales, Jorge
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia och internationella relationer.
    Hu, Mengyin
    Lakshmi Bhamidipati, Padmasai
    Haselip, James
    Policy transfer processes and renewable energy penetration: a comparative analysis of Peru, Thailand, and Uganda2020Inngår i: Sustainable Earth, E-ISSN 2520-8748, Vol. 3, artikkel-id 2Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Low-carbon technologies must be widely adopted at a large scale to address climate change and enhance access to affordable, reliable and sustainable energy. The uptake of those technologies is often supported by specific policies developed at a national or regional level and those policies, like the technologies themselves, can diffuse from one place to another. This paper sheds some light on this ‘policy transfer’ and investigates the dynamics, the actors and the processes involved. We illustrate what happens when renewable energy support policies in one country inspire renewable support policies in another country using three case studies in Peru, Thailand and Uganda as examples.

    Results

    Using an adapted version of the policy transfer framework first elaborated by Dolowitz and Marsh (Polit Stud 44:343–57, 1996; Governance 13:5–23, 2000), we describe the policy transfer process in the three case study countries according to several criteria. We find that policy transfer is not a straightforward process where a ‘borrower’ country simply adopts policies from a ‘lender’ country, but instead a complex process where many actors - national and international – interact to shape the outcome of the process. And while experiences particularly in the EU as well as international developments have influenced the policy transfer in case study countries significantly, domestic issues also play a key role in shaping the transferred policies and in adapting them to local contexts. Moreover, the policy transfer process is not an one-off event, but a continuous process where iterative learning helps the policies to evolve over time.

    Conclusions

    Policy transfer is a complex matter, involving many stakeholders during a continuous process over time. The Dolowitz and Marsh framework proved useful to analyse policy transfer and the actors involved although questions for further research remain. For instance, against what kind of criteria should the ‘success’ of a policy transfer be measured? Moreover, while comparing three illustrative case studies is a first, useful step, having a larger set of case studies and data might enhance our understanding of the details of the processes involved even further.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 13.
    Clifford, Joseph
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för naturgeografi.
    Frontiers of Fracking: Underground Political Ecology and Unconventional Energy in the Contested Landscapes of North West England2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Gas obtained from previously unexploited shale rock strata has emerged as an economically viable way of sourcing additional fossil fuel energy resources after the so-called ‘shale gas revolution’ in the United States. In the United Kingdom, the incumbent government has committed to the development of its own shale gas resources. A highly polarised public debate has erupted on the risks and rewards of extracting the shale gas deposits that presently lie underneath large swathes of the country using the controversial method of hydraulic fracturing, or ‘fracking’. This thesis examines how different groups in North West England – the major frontier of fracking in the UK – are contesting, resisting and negotiating the current government’s decision to sanction and push ahead towards the development a domestic shale gas industry. Employing a theoretical framework drawn from political ecology as its core mode of examination, this thesis utilises qualitative methods including in-depth interviews and participant observation techniques. It documents a range of social groupings that are contesting shale gas in the UK in a number of ways, and argues that landscapes and risk are fundamental hinges in this ongoing environmental conflict.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 14.
    de Bont, Chris
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Börjeson, Lowe
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Kulturgeografiska institutionen.
    Policy Over Practice: A Review of Groundwater Governance Research in Sub-Saharan Africa2024Inngår i: International Journal of the Commons, E-ISSN 1875-0281, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 82-93Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Groundwater is increasingly seen as crucial to both agricultural and domestic water supply in sub-Saharan Africa. Citing climate change and growing populations, there is especially a notable shift towards promoting groundwater for irrigation to ensure food security. Increased use of the resource will undoubtedly be accompanied with new questions of governance, with groundwater overexploitation in other parts of the world functioning as a strong cautionary tale. This article provides an overview of the current groundwater governance literature on sub-Saharan Africa. Using a critical water governance lens we analyse how groundwater governance is framed, what terms, categories, and measurements are used to describe and assess groundwater governance, and whose perspectives are considered. We also assess whether groundwater governance research has taken place across sub-Saharan African countries in a balanced way. We find that groundwater governance research in sub-Saharan Africa, even more so than elsewhere, ignores the voices and perspectives of those physically encountering the resource. Instead, it is dominated by the views of formal, technical groundwater experts focusing on the need for more hydrogeological data and formal policies. While the existing contributions to the literature are valuable, the current bias in perspectives calls for others to join the field of groundwater governance and to supplement current conceptualisations and approaches with those of users and others dealing with groundwater management on a daily basis. We argue that groundwater users’ practical governance experiences, locally adapted solutions and knowledges, can add important complementary perspectives and insights towards crafting effective, sustainable and equitable groundwater governance processes across the continent.

  • 15.
    de los Reyes, Paulina
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Eduards, MaudStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.Sundevall, FiaStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Internationella relationer: könskritiska perspektiv2013Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Internationella relationer är en introduktion till genusanalytiska frågeställningar och tolkningar av den internationella ordningen. Boken belyser vikten av könskritiska perspektiv på internationella relationer och ger exempel på skilda sätt att förstå och förklara den internationella ordningens betydelser för människors liv i olika delar av världen. Här ställs frågor om hur globalisering och konflikter samspelar med föreställningar om manligt och kvinnligt. Författarna analyserar och diskuterar könskodade maktstrukturer och ojämlik resursfördelning - både lokalt och globalt. Med utgångspunkt i IR-fältets klassiska temaindelningar lyfter artiklarna fram nya perspektiv och problem, vilket vidgar och fördjupar förståelsen av fältet, såväl vetenskapligt som politiskt. Internationella relationer - könskritiska perspektiv vänder sig till studenter i internationella relationer och angränsande ämnen, men också till andra som är intresserade av könskritiska tolkningar av hur den internationella ordningen fungerar.

  • 16.
    Dellmuth, Lisa Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia och internationella relationer.
    Individual Sources of Legitimacy Beliefs: Theory and Data2018Inngår i: Legitimacy in Global Governance: Sources, Processes, and Consequences / [ed] Jonas Tallberg; Karin Bäckstrand; Jan Aart Scholte, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018, s. 37-55Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines individual-level factors that may influence legitimacy beliefs towards global governance institutions. The chapter surveys the full breadth of existing political science research in order to chart a forward course for empirical studies of individual-level sources of legitimacy beliefs. The chapter’s threefold core argument maintains, first, that global governance scholarship needs to build on previous insights on legitimacy beliefs from comparative politics and social psychology. Second, research on beliefs in the legitimacy of global governance institutions needs to look comparatively across countries, institutions, issue areas, social groups, and time. Third, future research on sources of legitimacy in global governance can acquire better measures through the use of large-scale surveys and survey experiments.

     

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 17.
    Dellmuth, Lisa Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia och internationella relationer.
    Interest Groups and the United Nations (UN)2020Inngår i: The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Interest Groups, Lobbying and Public Affairs / [ed] Phil Harris; Alberto Bitonti; Craig S. Fleisher; Anne Skorkjær Binderkrantz, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Some of the most exciting controversies about transnational interest group politics revolve around the United Nations (UN), a major incuba- tor of ideas and a hub in global governance. This article foregrounds interest groups in the UN as private voluntary organizations pursuing political advocacy. Anchored in political science, this def- inition views interest groups as a subset of “trans- national actors,” which are typically more broadly referred to as any type of individual or collective “non-state actor” that is transnationally active and neither a state nor composed of states. Interest- ingly, a growing number of comparative politicsand international relations scholars have highlighted the overlap between “interest groups” and “international non-governmental organiza- tions (INGOs),” as both types of organizations typically seek to balance self-interested advocacy and normative aims. Drawing from both interest group and INGO research, this article discusses three core topics: political opportunity struc- tures, interest group strategies, and effects of inter- est groups. It discusses some evidence from the UN, identifies knowledge gaps, and pro- blematizes imbalances in interest group involve- ment and effects in the UN. Understanding the academic debate in interest group and INGO research around these themes is timely and impor- tant amidst UN reform debates on the occasion of the organization’s 75th anniversary in 2020.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 18.
    Dellmuth, Lisa Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia och internationella relationer.
    Tallberg, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Elite Communication and the Popular Legitimacy of International Organizations2021Inngår i: British Journal of Political Science, ISSN 0007-1234, E-ISSN 1469-2112, Vol. 51, nr 3, s. 1292-1313Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article offers the first systematic and comparative analysis of the effects of elite communication on citizen perceptions of the legitimacy of international organizations (IOs). Departing from cueing theory, it develops novel hypotheses about the effects of elite communication under the specific conditions of global governance. It tests these hypotheses by conducting a population-based survey experiment among almost 10,000 residents of three countries in relation to five IOs. The evidence suggests four principal findings. First, communication by national governments and civil society organizations has stronger effects on legitimacy perceptions than communication by IOs themselves. Secondly, elite communication affects legitimacy perceptions irrespective of whether it invokes IOs’ procedures or performance as grounds for criticism or endorsement. Thirdly, negative messages are more effective than positive messages in shaping citizens' legitimacy perceptions. Fourthly, comparing across IOs indicates that elite communication is more often effective in relation to the IMF, NAFTA and WTO, than the EU and UN.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 19.
    Dellmuth, Lisa Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia och internationella relationer. Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Tallberg, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Legitimacy Politics: Elite Communication and Public Opinion in Global Governance2023Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 20.
    Dellmuth, Lisa Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Tallberg, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The social legitimacy of international organisations: Interest representation, institutional performance, and confidence extrapolation in the United Nations2015Inngår i: Review of International Studies, ISSN 0260-2105, E-ISSN 1469-9044, Vol. 41, nr 3, s. 451-475Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Social legitimacy is central to the effectiveness of international organisations (IOs). Yet, so far, we have little systematic knowledge about what drives citizens to support or oppose IOs. In this article, we isolate and assess three alternative explanations of social legiti- macy in global governance, privileging interest representation, institutional performance, and confidence extrapolation. We test these theories in a multilevel analysis of citizen confidence in the United Nations (UN) using World Values Survey and European Values Study data, sup- plemented by contextual measures. The results grant support to the arguments that institu- tional performance and confidence extrapolation shape popular confidence in the UN, while offering little support for the explanation of interest representation. These findings challenge the predominant understanding that more democratic procedures lead to greater social legitimacy for IOs. Instead, the UN case suggests that the social legitimacy of IOs is based primarily on the organisations’ capacity to deliver, as well as on citizens’ general confidence in political institutions, which IOs may have little to do with and can do little to change.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 21.
    Dellmuth, Lisa Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia och internationella relationer.
    Tallberg, Jonas
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Why national and international legitimacy beliefs are linked: Social trust as an antecedent factor2020Inngår i: The Review of International Organizations, ISSN 1559-7431, E-ISSN 1559-744X, Vol. 15, nr 2, s. 311-337Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent public opinion research has established an empirical regularity of unusual stability and strength: citizen beliefs in the legitimacy of national and international institutions are highly linked. The dominant interpretation of this link holds that citizens draw on their perceptions of national institutions as a heuristic when forming opinions about international institutions. This article proposes an alternative mechanism, privileging social trust as an antecedent factor contributing to both national and international legitimacy beliefs. Using original survey data on citizen attitudes toward four international institutions in three countries, the article provides evidence for social trust as an antecedent factor, while granting no support for the dominant interpretation. The article suggests three broader implications: social trust has more far-reaching consequences for international cooperation than previously understood; political efforts to affect the legitimacy of international institutions are constrained by individual predispositions; and a comparative approach is central to the study of public attitudes toward international institutions.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 22.
    Edvinsson, Rodney
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Söderberg, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Prices and the growth of the knowledge economy in Sweden and Western Europe before the industrial revolution2011Inngår i: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 59, nr 3, s. 250-272Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article uses long-term series of real prices for various goods and services to analyse the evolution of the knowledge economy before the Industrial Revolution by focusing on Sweden in comparison with other European countries. During the early modern period, the relative price of knowledge-intensive goods and services, such as iron, paper, salt, sea transports and silver, decreased relative to a Consumer Price Index. The increased productivity levels of these goods and services were caused by increased division of labour and accelerated diffusion of knowledge. However, the real price of foodstuff tended to increase, implying that living standards declined with increased population. Early modern Western Europe acquired a peculiar price structure, characterized by low prices of industrial goods relative to the price of food. Only with the advent of industrial society could the knowledge economy escape the Malthusian entrapment.

  • 23.
    Eldén, Åsa
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för Asien-, Mellanöstern- och Turkietstudier, Institutet för Turkietstudier (SUITS).
    Levin, Paul T.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för Asien-, Mellanöstern- och Turkietstudier, Institutet för Turkietstudier (SUITS).
    Swedish Aid in the Era of Shrinking Space – the Case of Turkey2018Rapport (Fagfellevurdert)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 24.
    Erman, Eva
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ethics & Global Politics2014Inngår i: Peace Review, ISSN 1040-2659, E-ISSN 1469-9982, Vol. 26, nr 4, s. 479-481Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 25.
    Falkenberg, Freja
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Socialantropologiska institutionen.
    DROUGHT AND SMALL-SCALE FARMING: Coping Mechanisms and the Needs for Adaptation and Mitigation in Kenya’s Narok and Nakuru Counties2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    A constant increase in droughts in Eastern Africa has impacted the region's agricultural sector. Small-scale farmers produce most of Kenya’s agricultural output and are particularly vulnerable to drought. They also play a crucial role in combating such environmental shocks. This thesis aimed to explore how drought affects small-scale farmers in Kenya and what coping mechanisms they use. It further studied what was needed for small-scale farmers to implement adapting and mitigating strategies. These objectives were examined through the cases of Narok County and Nakuru County. An ethnographic field study was conducted to collect data through the qualitative methods of observations and semi-structured interviews. Finally, the findings were analyzed using a Political Ecological framework to explore drought’s social, economic, and political implications and the importance of indigenous knowledge systems and local perspectives. 

    The findings showed that drought affects small-scale farmers through lower yields, fewer income opportunities, financial strains, food insecurity, and impaired well-being. The coping mechanisms small-scale farmers use are mainly indigenous agricultural conservation practices. They also use more technical equipment and non-agricultural solutions to cope. Financial, material, and information resources combined with local participation to create enabling policies and favorable environments are needed to implement adapting and mitigating strategies. Accountable networks are also needed, focusing on government support and the assistance of international actors. However, these networks showed to be influenced by economic and political interests relating to mainstream ideas of development. 

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  • 26.
    Fleischer, Rasmus
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia och internationella relationer.
    ”Ryssfrågan” blir allt mer akut2022Inngår i: Göteborgs-Posten, ISSN 1103-9345Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 27.
    Funke, Hjalmar
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia och internationella relationer.
    From Displacement to Development: Exploring the Evolution of Ethiopian Resettlement Policy through Changing Development Discourses2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Resettlement policies have been central to the Ethiopian development strategy in recent decades, and have resulted in contentious debates regarding their implications as a development practice based on expropriation. Researchers, politicians, and activists have provided varying perspectives which tend to either represent resettlement as a harmful detriment to local development, or a powerful tool to generate growth and economic opportunities. This thesis examines how resettlement policy has evolved as a development tool in Ethiopia during the 2000s, and to what extent it has been shaped by the developmental discourses of modernization and the developmental state. By employing Critical Discourse Analysis, the thesis tracks the interdiscursive shifts of resettlement policy across three periods to investigate how it has been continuously shaped by developmental discourses. Hence, the thesis provides insights regarding how national politics are influenced by global development discourse, and how expropriation functions as a development tool in the global political economy. The thesis concludes that resettlement has changed drastically, and become a more socially concerned and locally anchored development tool. The influence of modernization discourse has consistently been significant, but interdiscursive shifts have changed its implications, while the influence of developmental state discourse was initially significant but decreased over time. The thesis identifies decentralization and diversification as two transdiscursive movements that have shaped the evolution of the discourses, and how they have constituted of resettlement policy.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 28.
    Gröholt, Sandra
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Människohandel för sexuella ändamål - Den moderna tidens slavhandel: En kvalitativ studie om hur svenska ideella organisationer arbetar med stöd och skydd till människohandelsoffer2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    We live in a world where slavery has taken on a new form. Even though the type of slavery we learn about in the history books has been abolished, slavery continues today through, among other things, the sex trade. This study is a qualitative informant study that aims to find out how Swedish non-profit organizations provide support and protection to women who have been subjected to human trafficking for sexual purposes, and what explanatory models exist for why human trafficking for sexual purposes takes place today. The study has also examined which areas for improvement can be identified in the work for support and protection of victims of human trafficking for sexual purposes. The study is based on semi-structured interviews from 4 different Swedish non-profit organizations that in various ways are active actors in the work with human trafficking for sexual purposes. The results shed light on the fact that there is a demand for sexual services that propel the industry of human trafficking for sexual purposes forward. This type of crime can also be explained as a type of gender-based violence that is rooted in a patriarchal and unequal society. Civil society has an important and crucial role to play in combating this type of crime and, not least, in providing support and protection to victims of trafficking. A human trafficking victim has both urgent and long-term needs that need to be met. The study describes civil society's support and protection efforts that human trafficking victims are offered and what conditions they have in Sweden to provide it.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 29.
    Gustafsson, Ingrid
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholms centrum för forskning om offentlig sektor (SCORE).
    Tamm Hallström, Kristina
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholms centrum för forskning om offentlig sektor (SCORE).
    Constructing authority in transnational governance: rationality, hierarchy and state involvement in the world of certification standards.2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 30.
    Hagström, Jim
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia och internationella relationer.
    Policies of Yesterday Cultivating the Fields of Tomorrow: Changes and Continuities in the Ethiopian State’s Conceptualisations of LargeScale Farms, Smallholder Farmers, and the Role of the State within National Development Plans from 1950s to 2010s2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis historicizes the conceptualisations of large-scale farms, smallholder farmers, and the role of the state in the Ethiopian national development plans from 1957 to 2015. It engages with the food regime framework in discussing the role of the state in contemporary agrarian change and places itself within the debate of the corporate food regime. In providing a meso-level analysis of the Ethiopian state, this thesis works to nuance the role of the state in a research field that increasingly argues that the state has become redundant as global agri-food corporations are controlling food production. This thesis also problematises how researchers writing about Ethiopia focus either on changes in agricultural policies or recent development trends, lacking the longer historical understanding and not using continuities to contrast the changes with.

    Using tools from Critical Discourse Analysis and the Discourse-Historical Approach in combination with a theoretical understanding of how multiple temporal layers interacts in the meaning-making process of conceptualisations within the discourse, the empirical material which constitutes of Ethiopia’s Five Year Development Plans is analysed to understand how the orders of discourse giving meaning to the concepts of large-scale farms, smallholder farmers, and the role of the state is reacting to discourses in new development plans and the long-term goals of agricultural development. This thesis concludes that although the state’s conceptualisations of the three concepts has endured changes throughout the years, orders of discourses from earlier plans are still relevant to give meaning to the concepts, thus revealing how changes, continuities, and changes within the continuities and multiple temporal layersare interacting in the meaning-making process of the development plans.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 31.
    Hallengren, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för litteraturvetenskap och idéhistoria.
    E pluribus unum: Mauritian reflections2013Inngår i: Patterns: Make 'Em and Break 'Em / [ed] Lawson, Carol S., and Robert. F. Lawson, West Chester, Pa., USA: Chrysalis Reader/Swedenborg Foundation Press , 2013, 1, s. 74-81Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [fr]

    Histoire sommaire de la Nouvelle Église chrétienne en Maurice

  • 32.
    Higham, Ian
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Explaining Early Adoption: National Action Plans on Business and Human Rights2021Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Diffusion of innovations theory concerns the process by which innovations are communicated through the members of a social system. Previous research has shed significant light on how public policies diffuse across governments over time, but there is little understanding of why they diffuse. The answer may lie in the motivations of early adopters. When governments are the first to adopt policy innovations, they lack knowledge about the political, economic, and other costs of adopting the policy. Given the potential risks, it is not obvious why a government would want to be the first to adopt a policy innovation. This thesis investigates the question of what explains early adoption of policy innovations. It contributes to the international relations literature on policy diffusion by proposing a theoretical framework for studying early adoption that consists of four motivations: 1) Normative – the government adopts a policy because of a normative position on a particular objective; 2) Reputation – the government seeks to improve its image or garner legitimacy in the international community; 3) Competition – the government seeks to gain a competitive edge on other states in “races to the top”; and 4) Domestic lock-in – the government adopts a policy to “tie the hands” of future national governments.

    The thesis has an empirical focus on public policies for regulating corporations on human rights issues: National Action Plans on business and human rights (NAPs). These plans are national governments’ strategies for implementing the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs), a set of global policy norms that provide guidance for states and corporations on addressing the human rights impacts of business. As this field is largely neglected by political scientists, the thesis makes an additional empirical contribution to the burgeoning interdisciplinary literature on business and human rights. The theoretical framework is applied in a two-step, mixed-methods research design that includes a global mapping of NAPs and hypothesis testing. The thesis then presents three sets of comparative case studies: Colombia/Ecuador, United States/Canada, and France/Sweden. In the first four case studies, the theoretical framework is used to compare early adopters and laggards. In the final case study chapter, two early adopters are compared to determine whether there is potential to explain variation within the adopter category.

    The findings lead to several conclusions. First, normative commitment can provide a strong motivation for early adoption, and domestic actors are particularly important for shaping a government’s normative preferences. Second, governments with concerns about their international reputations are more likely to be early adopters, especially if reputation gains are linked to a reward. Third, governments act strategically to trigger races to the top, especially when they are more economically powerful. They thus adopt particular styles of regulation early to influence the style of regulation adopted elsewhere. Fourth, the desire to lock a policy in place domestically is an especially powerful motivation for early adoption, although it is not essential. Governments may seek to lock policies in place both in advance of imminent political loss and in the wake of domestic political strife. Finally, interactions between these motivations may give them more explanatory power and may explain the relative stringency of the policy adopted. Reputational concerns and the desire to lock policies in place are especially mutually reinforcing.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Explaining Early Adoption
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  • 33. Horgby, Anna
    et al.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen. Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Sweden.
    The EU's Internal Security Strategy: Living in the Shadow of its Past2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 34.
    Jansson, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Könspolitik, rättigheter och amning2013Inngår i: Internationella relationer: Könskritiska perspektiv / [ed] Paulina de los Reyes, Maud Eduards, Sofia Sundevall, Stockholm: Liber, 2013, s. 250-265Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 35.
    Johannesson, Livia
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholms centrum för forskning om offentlig sektor (SCORE).
    Lindberg, Annika
    Är asylrättens dagar räknade?2020Inngår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 36.
    Jonsson, Gabriel
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för orientaliska språk.
    Mr. Chance: FN:s förfall under Ban Ki-moon2011Inngår i: Orientaliska studier, ISSN 0345-8997, nr 125, s. 44-46Artikkel, omtale (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 37.
    Jonsson, Gabriel
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för orientaliska språk.
    Lagerkvist, Johan
    Foreign aid trade and development: The strategic presence of China, Japan and Korea in sub-Saharan Africa2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Ui -Occasional paper nr. 5 2011 FInal Tryck_JL.doc
  • 38.
    Junström, Simon
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Globaliseringens megaarrangemang flyttar fokus från nationer till städer2013Inngår i: Idrottsforum.org, ISSN 1652-7224Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 39.
    Katende, Thofreda
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    "Fortress Europe": En samtida studie om säkerhetisering i EU:s migrationsdiskurs2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The motivation for this thesis has been based on the desire to conduct a contemporary study of securitization in the European Union's migration discourse. This takes into account the extraordinary circumstance of a war in the EU's close proximity and the unique approach the EU has shown towards the people fleeing the war, which seems to differ from the approach observed in research so far. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the EU presents a securitized migration discourse by examining its discursive presentation of migration and how this presentation relates to securitization. The study is based on the migration discourse presented by the European Council, the European Parliament and the European Commission on the institutions' official websites. The study has been conducted as a qualitative discourse analysis using Carol Bacchi's WPR approach, with the Copenhagen School's securitization theory as the study's theoretical framework. By critically examining the problem definitions, premises and silences in the discourse, the result has shown that the EU mainly presents a securitized migration discourse, which, however, shifts in relation to the referent object of the discourse, i.e. whose security is in question.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    "Fortress Europe": En samtida studie om säkerhetisering i EU:s migrationsdiskurs
  • 40.
    Kumar, Nishant
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Företagsekonomiska institutionen.
    The India Way: How India's Top Business Leaders are Revolutionizing Management, P. Cappelli, H. Singh, J. Singh, M. Useem, Harvard Business Press, Boston (2010)2012Inngår i: International Business Review, ISSN 0969-5931, E-ISSN 1873-6149, Vol. 21, nr 4, s. 747-749Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    With a gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate of around nine percent, and half of the population below the age of 25, India stands at or near the top of the agenda of almost every global corporation and political power. Top leaders of twelve states, including the president of USA, Russia, China, France, and Prime Minister of U.K., visited India within just a single year of 2010, and quite expected, economic and commercial relationship with India topped their agenda. India is expected to produce the most new multinational companies, as the emerging economies’ largest source of new multinationals and over 2200 Indian companies are projected to open operations outside the country over the next 15 years (PWC, 2010).

  • 41.
    Kuyper, Jonathan W
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    The democratic potential of systemic pluralism2014Inngår i: Global Constitutionalism - Human Rights, Democracy and the Rule of Law, ISSN 2045-3817, E-ISSN 2045-3825, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 170-199Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42.
    Lagerkvist, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Stockholms centrum för forskning om offentlig sektor (SCORE).
    Moral discourse and China's evolving enterprise society2017Inngår i: Political Participation in Asia: Defining and Deploying Political Space / [ed] Eva Hansson; Meredith L Weiss, Abingdon: Routledge, 2017, s. 59-76Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The moral discourse on security, welfare and individual enterprise and socio-economic responsibility in China resembles the post-war ideological discourse of West Germany: the programme of ordoliberalism. This chapter explores the affinities between these two discourses, as their ideas and policies powerfully affect the norms and affordances of political space. The articulation of responsibilities that constrain cadre units, citizens, economic organizations and bureaucratic entities in China's evolving enterprise society, as they interact in political space, are analyzed. The chapter presents an analysis of the politico-economic agenda of marketization since 1978 and de facto neoliberalization of Chinese society after 1989. Market reforms entail substantial risk of further social dislocation, which explains the trend towards guaranteeing securitization if the moral discourses of self-employed 'market cells' and Confucian harmony fail to persuade elites and the grassroots. What made the pitiless new societal and economic competition worse was the perceived danger of bringing criticism to bear on deepening market reform.

  • 43.
    Lagerkvist, Johan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för Asien-, Mellanöstern- och Turkietstudier, Avdelningen för kinesiska.
    The ordoliberal turn? Getting China and global economic governance right2015Inngår i: Global Affairs, ISSN 2334-0460, E-ISSN 2334-0479Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent commentary on global economic governance seeking to explain the outcome of the huge recession of 2008, arguments abound about the remarkable staying power of American hegemony and the formidable resilience of the liberal international order. This somewhat myopic argument seriously neglects Sino-western collaboration – within the framework of what I contend is an ordoliberal turn. Two questions were posed. First, why was the US-led order and the global neoliberal project not pushed back during the worldwide financial crisis of 2008? Second, why does contemporary global capitalism continue to be infused by neoliberal thinking, despite the 2008 crisis? It is argued that China must be conceptualized as neoliberal, albeit in a state-capitalist form, otherwise the surprising robustness of the global neoliberal project is exaggeratedly credited to the United States. Moreover, China's evolving ordoliberal political economy is a crucial part of mutual interdependence and global economic governance supporting the project of neoliberal practices after 2008. Finally, it is argued that the workings of Chinese ordoliberalism could propel within-order change of the values and ethos of the American-led world order.

  • 44. Lalander, Rickard
    et al.
    Lembke, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    Interculturality from Below: Territoriality and Floating Indigenous Identities in Plurinational Ecuador2020Inngår i: Sciencias Politicas y Relaciones Internacionales, ISSN 1390-7131, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 129-158Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This text problematizes the perceptions and visions held by leading spokespersonsof the indigenous movement regarding the challenges and dilemmas related to the advancement ofthe Plurinational State and the intercultural society in post-2008 Ecuador. From a constructivistviewpoint, the study emphasizes that different factions of the indigenous movement nurturevarying connotations of the tension-ridden plurinationality-interculturality nexus, depending ontheir historical relationship with the territory and the nature of their ethnocultural identity.Theoretically drawing on theories of deliberative democracy and indigeneity-territoriality, thearticle constitutes a synthesis of previous debates on the subject, backed up by years ofethnographic work in the field. A central finding indicates a relative consensus that PlurinationalEcuador must be built on inclusion and cross-ethnic co-operation. However, according to theinterviewees, harmonious interculturality will not materialize without the grassroots-led practicalimplementation of the Plurinational State.

  • 45.
    Larsson, Sebastian
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia och internationella relationer.
    The Civil Paradox: Swedish Arms Production and Export and the Role of Emerging Technologies2020Inngår i: International Journal of Migration and Border Studies, ISSN 1755-2419, Vol. 6, nr 1-2, s. 26-51Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    How is the notion of 'civil security' at work within and for arms companies? What are its technological and socio-political roles? The article analyses the early 2000s transformations of the Swedish arms industry with focus on its largest company Saab, and how civil security technologies have become assembled into ambiguous 'systems' that through a logic of scalability can move between different areas of practice; from refugee detention to policing to border surveillance. It concludes that arms companies increasingly absorb their most sophisticated technologies from civil (rather than military) R&D, and that they can use these for piecing together 'one-stop shop' packages of security- and defence products. The notion of civil security also serves as a socio-political façade of 'innovation' and 'neutrality' with which the industry can masquerade an interest in human rights, attract young professionals, and obscure the negotiations of arms trade delegations abroad.

  • 46.
    Larsson, Sebastian
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia och internationella relationer.
    The European Security Industry: Technocratic politics, internal security cooperation, and the emergence of military R&D in the EU2020Inngår i: Routledge Handbook of Critical European Studies / [ed] Didier Bigo, Thomas Diez, Evangelos Fanoulis, Ben Rosamond, Yannis A. Stivachtis, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2020Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 47.
    Larsson, Sebastian
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia och internationella relationer.
    Rhinard, MarkStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia och internationella relationer.
    Nordic Societal Security: Convergence and Divergence2020Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This book compares and contrasts publicly espoused security concepts in the Nordic region, and explores the notion of societal security.

    Outside observers often assume that Nordic countries take similar approaches to the security and safety of their citizens. This book challenges that assumption and traces the evolution of ‘societal security’, and its broadly equivalent concepts, in Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland. The notion of societal security is deconstructed and analysed in terms of its different meanings and implications for each country, through both country- and issue-focused studies. Each chapter traces the evolution of key security concepts and related practices, allowing for a comparison of similarities and differences between these four countries. Using discourses and practices as evidence, this is the first book to explore how different Nordic nations have conceptualised domestic security over time. The findings will be valuable to scholars from across the geographical and theoretical spectrum, while highlighting how Nordic security discourses and practices may deviate from traditional assumptions about Nordic values.

    This book will be of much interest to students of security studies, Nordic politics and International Relations.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 48.
    Levin, Paul T.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för Asien-, Mellanöstern- och Turkietstudier, Institutet för Turkietstudier (SUITS).
    Who Lost Turkey? The Consequences of Writing an Exclusionary European History2018Inngår i: History and Belonging: Representations of the Past in Contemporary European Politics / [ed] Stefan Berger, Caner Tekin, New York: Berghahn Books, 2018Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 49.
    Lindenryd, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia och internationella relationer.
    Output-based aid and rural electrification in Kenya - Bringing clean and affordable solar energy to the rural poor2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Over one billion people live without access to electricity in the world today and around 3 billion lack access to clean cooking energies. The majority of people living without electricity are found in Sub-Saharan Africa and Developing Asia, and around 85 % of all people lacking access to electricity live in rural areas. There are many benefits with providing affordable clean energy to poor and rural regions using solar power. It can for example lead to expanded electricity service, improved health and health service, expanded economic opportunities, and reduced GHG emissions. Increased electrification is often associated with grid extension. However, the possibility of grid extension in many developing countries is limited due to a number of challenges. Off-grid electrification has therefore been promoted as a solution to the energy access problem and as a complement to grid-based electrification. One of the major barriers to achieve clean and affordable energy for all is the huge financial gap that now exists. To solve this problem a sharp increase in energy access investments is needed. Results-based financing, and more specifically, output-based aid, could help solve this puzzle. Output-based aid (OBA) uses performance-based subsidies to improve service delivery in low-income countries and is encouraging innovative service solutions and improved operational efficiency.The aim of this thesis is to critically examine the potential effects of output-based aid (OBA) on rural electrification in developing countries. The study is limited to one country, Kenya, and to one source of energy, solar power. Output-based aid (OBA) has been used as a theoretical framework in this study and it has incorporated other concepts such foreign aid and aid effectiveness. The research method of this study has been a qualitative content analysis. Five barriers (economic, technical, institutional, social, and environmental) were identified through a coding process as recurring themes in the selected articles. These barriers have worked as indicators in the analyzing process and have tried to bridge the theoretical framework and research together. There is a clear relationship between the OBA framework and the economic aspect of the implementation of rural electrification programs and projects. The results shows that there has been difficult implementing to OBA framework to the other four barriers.

  • 50.
    Loinder Arvidsson, Lova
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för ekonomisk historia och internationella relationer.
    A Healthy Performance in Times of a Pandemic: A review of the World Health Organization's policy performance in times of global public health crises2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores WHO’s response during the COVID-19 pandemic and compares it to its response during the SARS epidemic in 2003. This is done by examining the organization’s performance through a policy output approach and theoretical perspectives of effectiveness and performance theories. The policy output approach offers an operational model that suggests studying five variables of output applied to the policy documents published by the organization. The results show that WHO has increased its performance and productivity since SARS 2003 which might indicate that the effectiveness of the organization could have increased along with it. However, in order to ultimately establish effectiveness, external factors such as compliance of member states and domestic politics needs to be considered in future studies. This study contributes to the understanding of WHO’s performance in times of crisis and can be used as background for further research on effectiveness.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
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