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  • 1.
    Abdalla, Mahmoud
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    I skuggan av det nya: En kvantitativ studie av nybyggnadsgentrifieringens spridningseffekt i äldre bebyggelse2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Stockholms stad befinner sig nu i en kraftig utbyggnadsfas. Tidigare översiktsplaner pekar ut ett flertal stadsutvecklingsområden där en omfattande nybyggnation har ägt rum sedan millennieskiftet. Generellt kan utvecklingen i dessa områden förstås inom ett bredare teoretiskt ramverk gällande tredje vågens gentrifiering och nybyggnadsgentrifiering.

     

    Syftet med denna studie är att granska förekomsten av gentrifieringsprocesser i äldre bebyggelse som angränsar till stadsutvecklingsområdena, för att på så vis få en bättre förståelse kring gentrifieringens spridningseffekt. Med hjälp av befintlig kommunal statistik kartläggs inkomstutveckling och flyttaktivitet i sex äldre bostadsområden på basområdesnivå under åren 2004-2016.

     

    Resultaten visar att en inkomstmässig gentrifieringsprocess i varierande utsträckning förekommer i samtliga studerade basområden, vilket ger stöd till teorin om positiv spridningseffekt. Samtidigt är dem slutsatser som kan dras begränsade då det är svårt att isolera den lokala utvecklingen från en mer generell ekonomisk trend i Stockholms stad, utan att även beakta variabler som generationsväxling, konjunkturläge och förändring i sysselsättningsgrad.

  • 2. Abramsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Andersson, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Changing Preferences with Ageing - Housing Choices and Housing Plans of Older People2016In: Housing, Theory and Society, ISSN 1403-6096, E-ISSN 1651-2278, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 217-241Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Planning for the housing situation of an ageing population is one of the challenges of many countries. To increase our understanding of the needs of the ageing population, a nationwide survey stratified on age and municipality type was conducted. Research questions referred to the current housing situation and plans. The aim was to investigate how preferences, location, and/or the type of housing preferred changes with age and if they are housing market dependent. Results of 10-year cohorts show that the most marked change is between the cohort 75-84years old and the oldest cohort 85+. There is a gradual change over time of moves from large to small housing, from owner-occupation to rented housing. Respondents in the major cities and in the rural or tourism-dependent municipalities are less inclined to move compared to those from other types of municipalities. The study predicts a shortage of rented apartments.

  • 3. Abramsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Andersson, Eva K.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Changing locations: Central or peripheral moves of seniors?2015In: Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, ISSN 1566-4910, E-ISSN 1573-7772, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 535-551Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing proportion of elderly in European populations has prompted debate about where and how they will reside. Our main hypothesis is that when moving in this phase of life the most common move would be one from a suburban location in owner occupation to a more central location. This would be in line with the belief that older people, when they retire or when the children have moved out, want to take part in the culture of city living, such as concerts, theatres and museums in addition to enjoying a more convenient type of housing. This, we argue, is the assumed residential pattern during the third age and a possible part of a mobility cycle as described by Rossi (1955). The aim of this study was to examine the local geographical mobility and tenure of older people. The analysis was made using a register database, Geoswede, comprising the total Swedish population. Moves of the cohorts born in the 1920s, 1930s and the 1940s were followed between 2001 and 2006. Using five distances to the municipal population core a centralized mobility pattern could be observed. The two older cohorts made such moves, whereas the majority of the youngest cohort moved to peripheral destinations. From analysis of three case municipalities, it was shown that movers from owner occupation in the cohort born in the 1940s moved within owner occupation to a greater extent and made short distance moves. Such increased knowledge will have an impact on planning issues.

  • 4. Abramsson, Marianne
    et al.
    Andersson, Eva K.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Residential mobility patterns of elderly - leaving the house for an apartment2012In: Housing Studies, ISSN 0267-3037, E-ISSN 1466-1810, Vol. 27, no 5, p. 582-604Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One hypothesis is that, in Sweden, the elderly today are more willing to change residence to accommodate for changing lifestyles and poorer health than in earlier generations. If so, the elderly will change their type of tenure from owner occupation to tenant co-operative or rental housing, which includes more services for residents. The aim of this study is to discover if elderly people move to apartments after leaving single-family housing that they own. Mobility patterns of those born in the 1920s, 1930s and 1940s are analysed to identify characteristics of stayers and movers, and to determine to what extent the elderly move to rental and tenant cooperative apartments. The analysis is cross-sectional using a register database comprising the Swedish population. Moves were followed between 2001 and 2006. The majority remained in their current dwelling but almost one-quarter moved. Of those, a smaller number moved from owner-occupied housing to a tenant co-operative or rental apartment.

  • 5.
    Abu Iddrisu, Memunatu
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Development or Deprivation?: A case study of the gendered livelihood implications of the land acquisition for the Tamale airport upgrade in Ghana2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis contributes to the current debates on large-scale land acquisition ongoing in the Sub-Saharan African by focusing on a local government-driven LSLA in Ghana. The study examines the gendered implications of life, especially for women aspects, of the 8,000 acres of landlands acquired for an airport upgrade to international status from the political and feminist political ecology conceptual framework. De empirische onderzoeken richten zich op de ervaringen en concerns van de lokale stakeholders van de Nyoglo Village in het noordelijke deel van Ghana over hun verlies van landbouwlanden naar het luchthavenproject en zijn implicatie op gendered levensverwachtingen. In dit onderzoek heeft de studie gebruik gemaakt van kwalitatieve gegevens die door de interviews zijn gefocust, focusgroep discussie en participant observatie en mapping. Undersøkelsen viser at selv om staten driver dette LSLA, viser den overtagelsesproces likviditet i forhold til udenlandsk investor-driven LSLA i den lovlige lov om landobjekt. På den del af kønsrelaterede livslihoodimplikation forbundet med LSLA, the study shows "double-dispossession "for the women. The study concludes by recommending an adherence to the land acquisition laws and a critical understanding of the heterogeneity in local communities by investors of LSLA projects for a win-win outcome.

  • 6.
    Ackebo, Jonas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Naturen och Regionplanen: En miljöetisk analys av Stockholms regionplaner2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Naturen är en viktig resurs för människan som vi, genom alla tider, varit beroende av. I takt med att utvecklingen har gått framåt har även naturens roll ändrats. Naturens resurser utsätts för extrema prövningar och konkurrensen om yta är idag stor. Stockholmsregionen är ett tydligt exempel på detta och nya svårlösta intressekonflikter dyker ständigt upp. Regionplaneringen inom Stockholm har varierat sedan den påbörjades under 1950-talet med nya utmaningar som en naturlig följd. Även synen på naturen har förändrats inom regionplaneringen och en miljöetisk analys blir därför intressant. Det går att konstatera att naturen ofta anses ha ett instrumentellt värde för oss människor som är svårt att ge avkall på. Trots en medvetenhet om vikten av att bevara och förbättra förutsättningarna för välfungerande ekosystem och biologisk mångfald är det just naturens egenvärde som ofta utgör en del i konflikter. I Stockholms regionplaner har ett varierande fokus legat på miljöetiska frågor. Idag är hållbar utveckling ett betydande begrepp inom samhällsplanering och får således stort utrymme i regionplaneringen. Målet om en hållbar utveckling är dock oerhört svårt att nå så länge bristande kunskap förhindrar korrekta avvägningar mellan bevarande och exploatering.    

  • 7.
    Adama, Onyanta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Governing from Above: Solid Waste Management in Nigeria's New Capital City of Abuja2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This doctoral dissertation examines how the symbolic character of a relocated capital city influences and intersects with local conditions to shape the governance structure and relations in service delivery. The focus is on Abuja, the new capital city of Nigeria, and the sector studied is solid waste management. Abuja was planned to avoid the numerous problems facing other Nigerian cities. Contrary to the intention of government and planners, the city now houses the fastest growing slum in the country. There are various possible explanations for these outcomes but this study pays particular attention to the conception of Abuja as a symbol of national unity.

    The ‘good governance’ agenda is often promoted by the World Bank and donors as a way of handling the numerous challenges facing African governments, including service delivery. A major expectation of the agenda is that local governments manage the urban development process in conjunction with an array of institutions ranging from the private sector to community groups and households. An underlying notion is that of a minimalist national state. This is not the case in Abuja, where governance is conducted at higher levels and the municipal council remains largely invisible. This is manifested in solid waste management, where the municipal council has no jurisdiction over the sector. In addition, community groups and households play very minimal roles in the governance of services. Drawing on the concept of space and place, the study concludes that the types of institutions found and their roles and relations are shaped by the national function of the city and the local power relations.

    The study draws on primary and secondary data. Interviews were conducted with state officials, community leaders, households and interest groups, such as the private sector. Secondary data were obtained from government documents, studies and newspaper reports.

  • 8.
    Adama, Onyanta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Urban imaginaries: funding mega infrastructure projects in Lagos, Nigeria2018In: GeoJournal, ISSN 0343-2521, E-ISSN 1572-9893, Vol. 83, no 2, p. 257-274Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s globalized world, mega infrastructure projects have emerged as one of the most popular strategies for attracting private capital and repositioning cities on the competitive landscape. The Lagos Megacity Project (LMCP) was launched to address a longstanding infrastructure crisis and to reinvent Lagos as a modern megacity. Using the LMCP as a case study, the paper examined the challenges facing the funding of mega infrastructure projects. Special attention is given to how capital is mobilized, the kinds of alliances or networks found and what gets prioritized. The paper observed that the alliance formed between the federal, Lagos and Ogun state governments to mobilize public funds quickly unraveled largely due to disputes traceable to the apportioning of fiscal and political responsibilities and the distribution of functions between the different tiers of government. Under the LMCP, disputes emerged between the federal government and the Lagos State Government (LSG) over who was responsible for what. A history of opposition politics and a highly politicized resource allocation system further made cooperation between the two particularly difficult. Furthermore, the LMCP signalled a renewed drive by the LSG to attract private investments through public–private partnership. The paper noted a host of problems but crucially there is a preference for elite projects, a practice that is reinforcing socio-spatial exclusion and confirms the persistent inequalities that accompany neoliberal and modernist projects. At the broadest level, the paper points to how modernist projects are fractured or undermined by specific ideologies and practices.

  • 9.
    Adama, Onyanta
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Nzeadibe, Thaddeus Chidi
    Dealing with Waste: Resource Recovery and Entrepreneurship in Informal Solid Waste Management in African Cities2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The scope of the problem of waste management in African cities continues to change across space and time in line with changing socio-economic, political and environmental conditions. Crucially, the failure of the formal systems has paved the way for the informal sector. The overall aim of the book is to capture the dynamism and complexity of Informal Sector Solid Waste Management (ISSWM). The main argument is that while the poverty reduction potential of ISSWM remains valid and is acknowledged; there are broader issues to consider.

  • 10. Adams, Vanessa M.
    et al.
    Moon, Katie
    Alvarez-Romero, Jorge G.
    Bodin, Örjan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Spencer, Michaela
    Blackman, Deborah
    Using Multiple Methods to Understand the Nature of Relationships in Social Networks2018In: Society & Natural Resources, ISSN 0894-1920, E-ISSN 1521-0723, Vol. 31, no 7, p. 755-772Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Effective natural resource management (NRM) often depends on collaboration through formal and informal relationships. Social network analysis (SNA) provides a framework for studying social relationships; however, a deeper understanding of the nature of these relationships is often missing. By integrating multiple analytical methods (including SNA, evidence ratings, and perception matrices), we were able to investigate the nature of relationships in NRM social networks across five service types (e.g., technical advice, on-ground support) in our case study region, Daly catchment Australia. Only one service type was rated as highly associated with free choice in establishing relationships: technical advice/knowledge. Beneficial characteristics of NRM organizations, such as collaborative and transparent, were associated with the presence of freely chosen relationships between organizations. Our results suggest a need to improve our understanding of organizational roles and characteristics, in particular for use in applied NRM contexts, such as network weaving or disseminating information.

  • 11.
    Adil Mahmud, Hossain Jahan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Social Cohesion in Multicultural Society: A Case of Bangladeshi Immigrants in Stockholm2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the rapid urbanization and globalization, urban social life is getting more complex thanever. Stockholm, the capital city of Sweden, is the residence of about 180 nationalities thatmakes it one of the prominent multicultural cities in Europe. Moreover, sustainable developmentis one of the main goals of the Swedish government. In this circumstance, it is the challenge tomake a socially cohesive society to ensure its social and economic development. This study isaimed to have an inner look at social cohesiveness between Bangladeshi community and otherethnic groups including native Swedish in Stockholm from a qualitative research approach. Asocial cohesion framework has been formulated by analyzing various literatures for the purposeof this study. This social cohesion framework comprises of social, cultural, political andeconomic indicators to understand the different dimensions of social cohesion in Stockholm.This framework is used during preparation of the questionnaire for conducting the qualitativesurvey that includes twelve in-depth interviews. Empirical result reveals that Bangladeshicommunity has a weak sense of belonging and a lack of common identity to the mainstreamsociety, rather they have stronger attachment to other Bangladeshi immigrants in Stockholm.Although lack of social cohesiveness has been found between Bangladeshi immigrants and otherresidents in Stockholm, but many threats to social cohesion (for example; racial conflict) areabsent in Stockholm. Therefore, it is a reachable challenge to make this society cohesive for thebetterment of the country by initiating proper measures.

  • 12. Adler, Carolina E.
    et al.
    Aldunce, Paulina
    Indvik, Katherine
    Alegria, Denis
    Borquez, Roxana
    Galaz, Victor
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Resilience2016In: Research Handbook on Climate Governance / [ed] Karin Bäckstrand, Eva Lövbrand, Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016, p. 491-502Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite receiving relatively little traction in climate change discussions among scholars and policymakers in the early 1990s, the term ‘climate resilience’ is now moving rapidly into prominent policy arenas and academic fora. However, how useful is the term in enabling normative aspirations to reduce net losses to climate change impacts? In this chapter, we first take stock of this seemingly rapid rise in the use of the term by presenting an overview of the progress and ongoing discussions on ‘climate resilience.’ This chapter illustrates these trends based on evidence of the terms’ growth and evolution over the years in two realms: within academia and in public policy. In both cases, we find an increasing trend in the way ‘climate resilience’ is conceptualized and used in academia and in public policy, yet these trends present different challenges and consequences for each case. Taking a problem-oriented approach, we conclude that despite the term’s popularity and growth, a critical review of its measurable effectiveness and pragmatic utility is still needed. Evaluating the terms utility in application is particularly important in light of recent conceptualizations of the climate resilience imperative as ‘transformation’ in a changing climate. We recommend some possible avenues for further research to address this deficit.

  • 13.
    Adolfsson, Johanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    The Power of the Palestinian Landscape: An exploratory study of the functions of power using aerial image interpretation2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Palestinian region is changing rapidly, with both economic and cultural consequences. One way of approaching this very political process is thru the concept of landscape. By viewing the region as a multiprocessual, dynamic landscape the analysis allows for a holistic read where historical and contemporary projections, interpretations and notions of power are fused. This thesis draws on the scholarly fields of humanistic landscape research and aerial image interpretation as well as theories of orientalism and power. A case study of two regions of the West Bank is performed; interviews and observations provide localized knowledge that is then used in open-access image interpretation. By performing image interpretations this thesis explores the power embedded in mapping and the possible inclinations the development towards open-access geospatial analytic tools could have on the functions of power in the Palestinian landscape. By investigating the spatial configuration of the Palestinian landscape and tracing its roots this thesis finds four major themes that are particularly pivotal in the processual change of the Palestinian landscape: the Israeli/Palestinian time-space, the blurring of the conflict, the dynamics of the frontier region and the orientalist gaze. 

  • 14.
    Adriansson, Linus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Stockholm i färger: En kritisk diskursanalys av kulturarvets produktion och legitimering i stadens bebyggelsemiljö2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Avsikten med denna uppsats är att med en kritisk diskursanalys undersöka hur kunskap om kulturarvet och kulturhistoriska värden konstrueras i Stockholms byggda miljö. Akademisk litteratur inom kulturarvsforskningen beskriver en situation där det uppstått ett glapp mellan teori och praktik inom kulturarvssektorn som vidgats sedan postmodernismens och konstruktionismens framväxt i början på 1970-talet. Den utövande kulturarvsvården och värderingsprocessen är i stor utsträckning styrd av värdeorienterade klassificeringssystem där utgångspunkten är att finna och tolka olika värdetyper i ett objekt. Detta traditionella förhållningssätt är en del av ”den auktoriserade kulturarvsdiskursen”; ett begrepp inom kulturarvsforskningen som menar att kulturarvssektorn premierar traditionella värden genom expertutpekanden vilket leder till en reproduktion av kanoniserade objekt med vissa ideologiska förtecken. Sedan år 1974 finns det i Sverige nationella kulturpolitiska mål fastslagna och sedan år 2012 finns det fyra nationella kulturmiljömål som landets kulturmiljövårdande institutioner ska sträva. Målens tankegods förmedlar en ambition om att göra kulturmiljöer och kunskap tillgängligt för att främja demokratisering av kulturarvet. I Stockholms kommun är det Stadsmuseet som ansvarar för utpekandet och klassificeringen av kulturhistoriskt värdefulla byggnader och miljöer. Syftet med undersökningen är att bidra med en djupare förståelse för hur kunskapen om kulturhistoriska värden i Stockholms byggda kulturmiljö produceras och legitimeras. Resultat och analys visar att diskurserna i Stadsmuseets översiktsdokument sedan klassificeringens introduktion under tidigt 1980-tal har förändrats av ideologiska, politiska och ekonomiska element. Museets och kommunens samtida översiktsdokument har en anknytning till kunskapsläget inom kulturarvsforskningen genom att argumentera för relativa, pluralistiska värden. Men den traditionella värdesynen och expertdiskursen i värderingsprocessen har lett till en värdering och klassificering som reproducerar en traditionell förståelse av det byggda kulturarvet. En universell metod i kombination med intern praxis används för att identifiera vilka kulturhistoriska värden som finns, utan att precisera vilka egenskaper som upprätthåller dessa värden. Det ger klassificeringen en svag anknytning till kulturarvsforskning, regeringens kulturpolitiska mål och den egna institutionens värdesyn i samtida översiktsdokument.

  • 15.
    Adscheid, Toni
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    When Ecotopia grows: Politicizing the stories of Swedish sustainable urban development2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is known world-wide for its achievements in the field of sustainable urban development. Due to this global recognition Swedish stories and policies of sustainable urban development are being spread across various spatial and institutional contexts. Focusing on SymbioCity and its approach as examples for such stories, this thesis seeks to elaborate on the de-politicization of urban environments through sustainable urban development policies. In doing so, this thesis synthesises urban political ecology and policy mobility literature to form a theoretical framework to investigate the mobilization and legitimization of such environments. Drawing on findings provided by methods of text analysis and interviews, it is illustrated that Swedish stories of sustainable urban development construct a de-politicized spatiality supported by capital, desires of influence and “the planner”. The thesis concludes by arguing that planning research needs to critically address the process of de-politicization and support the articulation of a political Ecotopia. 

  • 16.
    Aggeklint, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies.
    Ho, Hang Kei
    Introducing M+ as capital for a Hong Kong specific cultural identity2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the last decade the Hong Kong government has shown an interest in promoting large scale cultural development projects including Art Basel Hong Kong, the West Kowloon Cultural District (WKCD) as well as M+ The Museum of Arts and Visual Culture, all presenting Hong Kong as a cultural hub. The development of those projects can be seen as a way for the city to diversify its economy through creative industries (CI) and urban entrepreneurship (Raco and Gilliam, 2012), making the place more appealing for international workers and global tourism. However, ongoing grassroots political movements such as the 2014 Umbrella Movement suggest that the Beijing government is keen to intervene with Hong Kong’s affairs. As a result, its cultural identity is being challenged. In this paper we argue that the study of the yet conceptual M+ museum contribute with accruing capital of cultural identity when compared to likewise huge museum projects in mainland China. We will further argue that the Hong Kong museum will represent an original that other museums in the world may wish to copy.

  • 17.
    Ahlgren, Adam
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Bilden av orientaliska Kina: En textanalytisk studie av Kinas representation i resereportage från Sverige2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay sets out to map a part of the Swedish representation of China in travelogues, using postcolonial theory. Two sources were used, Dagens Nyheter and Vagabond. These were in turn examined to explain how the discourse and semiotics in the travelogues depicting China were constructed and have changed over the past two decades. The results show that the discourse has changed from a negatively portrayal based on anti-chinese discourse of China with parallels to its communist history, to a recent more exotic presentation revolving around romantic rurality, modernity, and Chinas dynastic history. The semiotic analysis in turn confirms the later representation as well as a postcolonial exoticism and otherness in the representation of China.

  • 18.
    Ahlstam, Andreas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Maktutövning vid planering av stora projekt: Om spelet bakom Förbifart Stockholm2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats syftar till att undersöka och försöka förstå inverkansfaktorer och maktrelationer bakom planeringen av ett större infrastrukturprojekt. Studiens fokus ligger på det stora vägprojektet Förbifart Stockholm, som bland annat syftar till att avlasta befintligt vägnät och bidra till att bättre knyta samman Stockholms norra och södra kärnor. Den reella politiken och planeringen behöver inte alltid vara densamma som den formella, vilket i uppsatsen klargörs genom bland annat uttalanden i media, remissvar och intervjuer med involverade aktörer och politiker. Maktbegreppet kan förstås och synliggöras på flera olika sätt och därför studeras och används flera olika resonemang och teorier kring maktbegreppet. I fallet med Förbifart Stockholm kan till exempel det diskursiva maktbegreppet synliggöras, vilket Foucault har utvecklat och skrivit om, men även Bachrach & Baratzs teori om icke-beslut, Flyvbjergs resonemang om Realpolitik och Realrationalitet samt den konventionella planeringsmodellen kan synliggöras i samband med studien av Förbifart Stockholm.

  • 19. Ahlström, Christer
    et al.
    Anund, Anna
    Fors, Carina
    Åkerstedt, Torbjörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Effects of the road environment on the development of driver sleepiness in young male drivers2018In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 112, p. 127-134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Latent driver sleepiness may in some cases be masked by for example social interaction, stress and physical activity. This short-term modulation of sleepiness may also result from environmental factors, such as when driving in stimulating environments. The aim of this study is to compare two road environments and investigate how they affect driver sleepiness. Thirty young male drivers participated in a driving simulator experiment where they drove two scenarios: a rural environment with winding roads and low traffic density, and a suburban road with higher traffic density and a more built-up roadside environment. The driving task was essentially the same in both scenarios, i.e. to stay on the road, without much interaction with other road users. A 2 x 2 design, with the conditions rural versus suburban, and daytime (full sleep) versus night-time (sleep deprived), was used. The results show that there were only minor effects of the road environment on subjective and physiological indicators of sleepiness. In contrast, there was an increase in subjective sleepiness, longer blink durations and increased EEG alpha content, both due to time on task and to night-time driving. The two road environments differed both in terms of the demand on driver action and of visual load, and the results indicate that action demand is the more important of the two factors. The notion that driver fatigue should be countered in a more stimulating visual environment such as in the city is thus more likely due to increased task demand rather than to a richer visual scenery. This should be investigated in further studies.

  • 20. Ahmed, Adamu
    et al.
    Adama, Onyanta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Iliyasu, Idris
    Prospects and Retrospect: Insights from Children's participation in Informal Sector Solid Waste Management in Kaduna, Nigeria2017In: Dealing with waste: Resource Recovery and Entrepreneurship in Informal Sector Solid Waste Management in African Cities / [ed] Onyanta Adama, Tadischi Chidi Nzeadibe, Africa World Press, 2017, p. 137-150Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21. Ahrland, Åsa
    et al.
    Persson, BoStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Landskapets resurser2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Akyeampong, Oheneba Akwesi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Tourism and regional development in Sub-Saharan Africa: a case study of Ghana's central region1996Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Al Kamil, Mohammed
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Hur ska du resa till universitetet, med bil eller kollektivtrafik?: En studie om hur mobility management kan påverka morgondagens resor bland universitetsstudenter2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 24.
    Al Kamil, Mohammed
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.
    SATS och Friskis & Svettis - Var och för vem?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate where and why the fitness clubs, Sats and Friskis & Svettis in Stockholms county, choose to locate their facilities in certain places and which their primarily targetgroups are. Furthermore, the aim is to gain knowledge of people’s health status in areas where the facilities are located, in order to see if they are located where exercise is most needed. Interviews were conducted with members of the fitness clubs but also with non members, i.e. people who lived in areas with an absence of fitness facilities. Further interviews have been made with managers of the fitness clubs and with two political representatives. The other methods were mapping of the facilities inrelationship to different variables in ArcGIS and field observations. The results of this study show thatthe facilities are mostly located in the central of Stockholm and places where income levels,population density and amount of people working in an area are high. The facilities can also be foundwhere there are large flows of people, for example near commercial centers such as shopping malls.The fitness clubs do not primarily focus on establishing any facilities in places where exercise is mostneeded. The target groups for Friskis & Svettis were both younger and older people and those who wanted to pay a low membership fee while Sats target groups were people aged between 20-50 years and were willing to pay a high price for a membership. Based on price for a membership, availability and what the clubs offers, some people may get excluded from Sats and Friskis & Svettis. Those people mostly live in low status areas and if they eventually would become members of the clubs it would require cheap prices, culture-specific exercise forms and better proximity between the residenceand the facility. Finally, since both the fitness clubs and the political representative’s claims that people everywhere should have the possibility to exercise regardless of their income level and so on, there should be a better interaction between all the actors in order for the clubs to be available to allthe people.

  • 25.
    Albers, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Linjer på vattnet: Den tidiga linjetrafiken till sjöss i Stockholm2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien undersöker hur linjetrafiken på vattnet i Stockholm förändrades under 1800-talet. Utifrån relationellgeografi undersöks vad som ledde till förändringar i trafiken och hur det relationella rummet förändrades genom tiden. Undersökningen görs genom en arkivstudie och jämförande kartering ihop med en GIS-analys vilket jämförs med befolkningsutvecklingen. Det står klart att linjetrafiken ökade och blev mer konkurrensutsatt under 1800-talet. Staden expanderade bebyggelsemässigt och nya operatörer började trafikera nya sträckor vilket ändrade relationen mellan staden och ytterområdena. Förändrade sociala förhållanden resulterade i en annan syn på arbetet.

  • 26.
    Alexander, Steven M.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center, USA.
    Bodin, Örjan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Barnes, Michele L.
    Untangling the drivers of community cohesion in small-scale fisheries2018In: International Journal of the Commons, ISSN 1875-0281, E-ISSN 1875-0281, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 519-547Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable fisheries require strong management and effective governance. However, small-scale fisheries (SSF) often lack formal institutions, leaving management in the hands of local users in the form of various governance approaches (e.g. local, traditional, or co-management). The effectiveness of these approaches inherently relies upon some level of cohesion among resource users to facilitate agreement on common policies and practices regarding common pool fishery resources. Understanding the factors driving the formation and maintenance of community cohesion in SSF is therefore critical if we are to devise more effective participatory governance approaches and encourage and empower decentralized, localized, and community-based resource management approaches. Here, we adopt a social relational network perspective to propose a suite of hypothesized drivers that lead to the establishment of social ties among fishers that build the foundation for community cohesion. We then draw on detailed data from Jamaica's small-scale fishery to empirically test these drivers by employing a set of nested exponential random graph models (ERGMs) based on specific structural building blocks (i.e. network configurations) theorized to influence the establishment of social ties. Our results demonstrate that multiple drivers are at play, but that collectively, gear-based homophily, geographic proximity, and leadership play particularly important roles. We discuss the extent to which these drivers help explain previous experiences, as well as their implications for future and sustained collective action in SSF in Jamaica and elsewhere.

  • 27.
    Alexandra, Carla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Reimagining the city through art: Tactics, opportunities and limitations from Experiment Stockholm2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The transformation of cities is a challenge of global significance that will depend on the capacity to re-imagine the potential of cities, and thus needs more than standard technocratic urban planning approaches. Deep engagement with the arts provides one avenue for recasting the future of cities. This thesis explores the question of how ‘critical urban art interventions’ develop alternative ways of knowing urban nature, and the opportunities and limitations of using art to reimagine the future of cities. By drawing on urban political ecology and cultural geography, the thesis documents and explores the aims and tactics used in five urban art interventions to reimagine sites of urban nature in Stockholm. Qualitative interviews and participant observation were carried to explore these questions. Findings suggest that tactics used in urban art interventions promote embodied ways of knowing, and simultaneously interacting with the physical and socio- historical constructions of sites of urban natures. 

  • 28.
    Ali Hassan, Hamdi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Skandinavien i marknadsföringssyfte: Den nordeuropeiska regionens betydelse för fyra företag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Platsmarknadsföring har på den senaste tiden varit något som fler och fler länder, städer och regioner engagerar sig i för att locka turister, investeringar och företag. Platsmarknadsföring och place branding (ett paraplybegrepp som inkluderar platsmarknadsföring) försöker forma folks uppfattning om en viss plats. Under en typiskt vanlig  dag har du säkert sett något spår av detta, kanske en skylt på tunnelbanan där texten lyder “Two cities, one break. Tel Aviv. Jerusalem”.  Stockholm är endast huvudstaden av Sverige men marknadsförs som “The Capital of Scandinavia”, denna uppsats studerar både hur och varför staden marknadsförs på det viset. Andra aktörer i näringslivet har också utnyttjat begreppet Skandinavien i antingen sitt namn eller i sin marknadsföring och denna undersökning studerar hur och varför begreppet används. Metoderna som har utnyttjats är intervjuer, primära och sekundära källor och och bildanalyser och allihop har bidragit med en insyn på hur och varför begreppet Skandinavien används av så många olika aktörer i näringslivet samt hur det uppfattas.  Anledningen till att detta är värt att studera inom ramen för en kulturgeografisk uppsats är det faktum att Skandinavien är en fysisk geografisk plats som under flera sammanhang utnyttjas av aktörer i näringslivet för att det är en positiv association som kan bidra till deras försäljning och fallen som har valts ut för denna studie är inte unika, utan en massa företag utnyttjar en plats som folk förknippar med positiva faktorer som exempelvis Lindt med deras logo “maître chocolatier Suisse depuis 1845” som kan översättas till “Den bästa schweiziska chokladtillverkaren sedan 1845”. Uppenbarligen utnyttjar de den överlägsna statusen som Schweiz har i samband till choklad.

  • 29.
    Alijagic, Dino
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Effekterna av regionförstoring efter infrastrukturprojekt på inkomstskillnader?: En fallstudie av Strängnäs och Värnamo2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats visar vilken påverkan infrastrukturprojekt vars mål är regionförstoring har på olika aspekter så som befolkningsmängd, utbildningsnivå, pendling samt inkomstfördelning. Detta genom studerande teorier som Human Capital Theory, Central Place Theory med flera. Men också genom genomförda intervjuer och insamlad statistik. Uppsatsen består av två huvudfrågeställningar, dels vad syftet är med Ostlänken och vad detta bygge kan innebära för Norrköping utifrån faktorer som befolkningsmängd, pendling, utbildningsnivå samt inkomstfördelning? Men också om det blev större inkomstskillnader i Strängnäs efter bygget av Svealandsbanan? Resultaten visar att större infrastrukturprojekt har en påverkan på vissa aspekter, speciellt utbildningsnivån, pendlingen samt inkomstfördelningen. Efter bygget av Svealandsbanan har majoriteten av de som flyttar in till Strängnäs varit högutbildade familjer som är höginkomsttagare. Detta i kombination med att antalet låginkomsttagare har minskat i kommunen gör att inkomstskillnaderna har ökat sedan Svealandsbanan byggdes.    

  • 30.
    Alkén, William
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Hemlöshet: Hemlösas perspektiv på den byggda miljön2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen syftar till att studera hemlösas perspektiv på den byggda miljön i Stockholm

    stad. Detta utifrån två frågeställningar: Var bor/vistas hemlösa i Stockholm och varför?

    Vad finns det för möjligheter och begränsningar i stadens fysiska och strukturella

    utformning? Arbetet har färgats av teorier från bland annat Emma Jackson som studerat

    unga hemlösa i London. Det empiriska materialet har insamlats med hjälp av intervjuer

    och observation samt analyserats med narrativanalys. Uppsatsen undersöker

    användandet av rum genom exemplet hemlösa. Studiens resultat påvisar att hemlösa

    utsätts för krafter som drar och trycker dem i olika riktningar och påverkar deras

    rörelsemönster.

  • 31. Allard, Anna
    Vegetation changes in mountainous areas: a monitoring methodology based on aerial photographs, high-resolution satellite images, and field investigations2003Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 32. Almered Olsson, Gunilla
    et al.
    Björklund, Johanna
    Hermele, Kenneth
    Hornborg, Alf
    Widgren, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Konventionella jordbruket är ett blindspår2014In: Göteborgsposten, ISSN 1103-9345, no 21 novemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 33.
    Almqvist, Madeleine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Vägen till en givande medborgardialog: En studie av framgångsfaktorer för muntlig kommunikation vid samrådsmöten2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien är en explorativ undersökning som syftar till att studera den muntliga kommunikationen vid samrådsmöten i detaljplaneprocessen idag och vilka framgångsfaktorer som finns och kan stärkas i framtiden. Syftet är också att tvärvetenskapligt undersöka länken mellan samrådsmötenas svårigheter och framgångsfaktorer med hälsoteorin känsla av sammanhang (kasam) om hur meningsfullhet, begriplighet och hanterbarhet kan användas som ledord för att överkomma svårigheter. Studien har sin utgångspunkt i två icke-deltagande observationer av samrådsmöten genomförda av Stockholm Stad och sex efterföljande djupintervjuer med de tjänstemän eller konsulter som varit med och utformat eller genomfört den muntliga kommunikationen. Resultatet visar på otillfredsställande meningsfullhet gällande formen för samrådsmötet och medborgarnas upplevelse i och med oklart syfte och mål samt olika förväntningar, vilket ledde till sammanställning av syftes- och målmodeller att användas som underlag till utformning av samrådsmöten. Studien genererade också en modell över framgångsfaktorer för muntlig kommunikation vid samrådsmöten med kasam som utgångspunkt, där också aspekter kring till viss del otillfredsställande begriplighet och hanterbarhet omfattas. Kasam-komponenterna anses av forskaren ha tydliggjort på vilka områden och på vilket sätt frustration och svårigheter uppkommer vid samrådsmöten och vilka aspekter som skulle kunna stärkas för att förebygga detta.

  • 34.
    Almås, Ingvild
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for International Economic Studies. Norwegian School of Economics, Norway.
    Kjelsrud, Anders
    Rags and Riches: Relative Prices, Non-Homothetic Preferences, and Inequality in India2017In: World Development, ISSN 0305-750X, E-ISSN 1873-5991, Vol. 97, p. 102-121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is well known that consumption patterns change with income. Relative price changes would therefore affect rich and poor consumers differently. Yet, the standard price indices are not income-specific, and hence, they cannot account for such differences. In this paper, we study consumption inequality in India, while fully allowing for non-homotheticity. We show that the relative price changes during most of the period from 1993 to 2012 were pro-poor, in the sense that they favored the poor relative to the rich. As a result, we also find that conventional measures significantly overstate the rise in real consumption inequality during this period. The main lesson from our study is the importance of accounting for non-homotheticity when measuring inequality. The price index literature has, as of yet, paid relatively little attention to this. In our application, however, it turns out that the allowance for nonhomotheticity is quantitatively much more important than much discussed adjustments, such as those for substitution in consumption.

  • 35.
    Al-Neyazi, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Lagom Stockholm: Studie av förhållandet mellan Stockholms marknadsföring och utbytesstudenters syn på staden.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka om det finns en glappa i marknadsföringen av Stockholm samt hur besökare upplever Stockholm, genom att göra forskning i hur staden marknadsförs som och hur turismen upplevs i staden. Med hjälp av studien kan det göras vidare forskning inom turismbranschen för att i framtiden locka ännu fler besökare och därmed få turismbranschen att växa. Studien är fokuserad på utbytesstudenter som har studerat på Stockholms universitet i ett eller två terminer inom perioden hösten 2004 och hösten 2014. I studien ingår en enkätundersökning samt några intervjuer för att få en djupare förståelse av studenternas upplevelser och aktiviteter i Stockholm.

    Resultatet visar att de flesta utbytesstudenter har gjort aktiviteter som Stockholm har som avsikt att marknadsföra. Marknadsföringen sker internationellt för både affärsresenärer och fritidsresande. Studien visar att Stockholm marknadsför sig till en bred kategori av människor med flera aktiviteter för att matcha med så många människor som möjligt. 

  • 36.
    Alsalehi, Alana
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Är det lönsamt att bygga om ett industriområde?: Omvandling av industriområdet Kvarnholmen i Stockholm2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Omvandling av industriområden till bostadsområden har blivit allt mer vanligt på grund av den eftertraktade markytan. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka omvandlingen av industribyggnader till moderna bostäder på Kvarnholmen i Stockholm. Genom semitstrukturerade intervjuer med privata respektive offentliga aktörer utreds underliggande orsaker till valet mellan bevarande eller rivning av gamla industribyggnader, företagens prisbild mellan ombyggda och nyproducerade bostäder samt utvecklingens inverkan på kulturmiljön. Teorin som används i studien är hur kultur och ekonomi associeras genom platsmarknadsföring för att attrahera invånare och företag till en plats. Studien visar att en stor del av bebyggelsen har bevarats för att omvandlas till bostäder samtidigt som nyproducerade bostäder har tillkommit på Kvarnholmen. Byggföretagen anser att detkostar mer att bygga om industribyggnader till bostäderän att riva ner och bygga nytt. Det som styr priset på bostädernaär byggnadens geografiska läge, närheten till kommunikation och bekvämligheter, standard på bostäderna, bostadsmarknadens läge och ekonomiska kalkyler. Det förekommer inte någon prisskillnad mellan en omvandlad eller nyproducerad bostad för bostadsköparen. Bostadsköparna väljer inte att bo i en omvandlad industribyggnad.Synen på kulturmiljön har mer eller mindre blivit påverkad, med andra ord en del gamla industribyggnader har bevarats, men det sker en stor förändring på området.

  • 37.
    Alsén, Emelie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Från räddningsaktion till turistattraktion: Friluftsmuseet Gamla Linköping2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen är en studie av friluftsmuseet Gamla Linköping och undersöker hur förändringar i kulturarvsvården påverkat museets utveckling. Gamla Linköping består framför allt av byggnader som flyttats till platsen på grund av att de varit rivningshotade på ursprungsplatsen. Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka hur dessa hus valts ut och om valet av byggnader påverkar besökarnas bild av Gamla Linköping. Studien grundas främst på intervjuer med personer med koppling till Gamla Linköping, museets besökare, litteratur och dokument. Resultatet visar att byggnaderna som flyttats till friluftsmuseet valts utan någon direkt baktanke, medan det funnits en önskan från friluftsmuseets grundare om vilken typ av byggnader som ska visas upp. 

  • 38.
    Amanda, Bergvall
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Det ska vara roligt, varierande och mindre asfalt: En uppsats om vad barns inflytande och delaktighet kan tillföra i samhällsplaneringen2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan FN:s konvention om barns rättigheter har barns inflytande och delaktighet i samhällsplaneringen stärkts i de frågor som rör barnet. Konventionen hävdar att det är barnens rätt att bilda och uttrycka sina egna åsikter samt att dessa ska respekteras och tas på allvar. Forskningen har genom flera studier kunnat konstatera att barns deltagande är ovärderligt i de frågor som berör dem men att projekt sällan vet hur man ska gå tillväga för att lyckas uppnå ett verkligt inflytande för barnen. I min uppsats undersöker jag hur barnperspektivet behandlas i planeringen och vid utformningen av staden med fokus på vad barnen kan tillföra samt varför det är viktigt med barnperspektivet.  Jag har tillsammans med en grundskoleklass undersökt olika metoder och tillvägagångssätt där barnen fått möjligheten att uttrycka sina tankar och idéer kring sin närmiljö på ett varierat och kreativt sätt. Resultatet i min studie visar att barns perspektiv är komplexa men att de tillför ett unikt och nyskapande kunskapsunderlag som inte kan åstadkommas utan barnen. Barnens bidrag kan vidare användas tillsammans med övrigt material vid utformning och bearbetning av planer och program. Samtidigt visar resultatet att barn inte får tillräckligt med utrymme att faktiskt påverka planeringen vilket framförallt anses bero på för lite kunskap och erfarenhet kring hur arbetet med barn ska tillämpas.     

     

     

    Nyckelord: Barn, barnperspektiv, barns perspektiv, inflytande, delaktighet, samhällsplanering

  • 39.
    Amer, Ramses
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies.
    Approaches to Management and Settlement of Inter-State Disputes in Southeast Asia: Implications for Regional Collaboration2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper examines the approaches to management and settlement of inter-state disputes and their implications for regional collaboration in the Southeast Asian Region. The focus of the paper is on approaches to management and settlement of border and territorial disputes between the ten member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). First the paper provides an overview of achievements in management and settlement as well as of remaining challenges of unsettled disputes. Then the paper outlines the core elements of ASEAN’s framework of dispute settlement mechanisms. In assessing the implications for regional collaboration, the focal point of analysis is on the relationship between bilateral approaches and the regional framework for dispute settlement established through ASEAN. A key dimension is an assessment of whether bilateral approaches strengthen or weaken the ASEAN framework.

  • 40.
    Anderberg, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
    Betesmarker i Mjölkkrisens Sverige: Mjölkbönder och betesmarken, landskapet och framtiden2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The situation for Swedish dairy farmers has been difficult since 2014. Many are choosing to close down their businesses. At the same time, Sweden has experienced a reduction of important habitats consisting of grazing lands, a trend that is still ongoing. This study explores how dairy farmers look at grasslands, their values, management, and future. Through interviews with dairy farmers it investigates how farmers look at the systems of environmental compensation awarded for the management of pastures and grassland habitats. The study concludes that is primarily an aesthetic landscape value that is the main reason behind the desire to preserve pastures amongst farmers. This can be linked to a personal relationship between the farmers and the landscape he/she grew up in and help create through with their work. Any reduction in grasslands has not been observed by a majority of the interviewed farmers, despite the fact that such a reduction is occurring in their counties as a whole. This suggests that the situation can vary widely at a local level. The opinions concerning the environmental compensations vary among the interviewees, but overall there is a wish for a less bureaucratic system that provides more flexibility for the farmer. This wish for less bureaucracy is also found concerning the system around the law demanding that all cows should be allowed to graze during a period of the year. In the end, it seems important for the future of grazinglands and the habitats they create that profitability returns to the dairy farmers, since without farmers grazing will be further reduced. Today’s difficult situation for the farmers increases the risk of it being difficult to find the workforce of future farmers who are willing and able to perform the work that is done today.

  • 41.
    Anderson, Leo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Hotell: platsen för det nya urbana mötet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hotellbranschen har utvecklats till att fokuserar mer på att locka externa besökare utifrån, vilket förändrar dynamiken kring hur hotell ser på sig själva och dess omgivning. Denna uppsats syftar till att studerar hur hotellen använder sina publika utrymmen såsom lobby, bar och restaurang till att locka mer människor utifrån och vilka typer av rum som skapas. Uppsatsens empiriska material bygger på intervjuer med anställda på olika hotellkedjor i Stockholms län. Det teoretiska ramverket bygger främst på Ray Oldenburgs teori om den tredje platsen men även kring teorier om hotellens påverkan på städer, tjänstesamhällets utbredning och teorin om buzz. Resultatet av studien visar att hotellen har förutsättningar och möjligheter att fungera som mötesplatser som liknar den tredje platsen genom att de fått nya möjligheter genom att kombinera deras tillgång till ytor och ny teknik. Hotellens inställning till att vara en mötesplats varierar utifrån dess geografiska läge, då hotell i prime location lägen och i områden som ska eller har genomgått stadsomvandlingar var mer positiva än hotell med andra geografiska förutsättningar.

  • 42.
    Andersson, Agnes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    The bright lights grow fainter: livelihoods, migration and a small town in Zimbabwe2002Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Aids pandemic and structural adjustment policies (SAP) have had effects on lower income households in Zimbabwe which have been devastating and people have been required to adapt their livelihood strategies. Small towns meanwhile are growing rapidly in Zimbabwe and mobility towards these towns may be connected with the changes being forged by SAP on the economic landscape. This study seeks to establish how the individual migrant uses mobility to negotiate this landscape. This involves mobility directed towards small towns to access advantageous provisioning possibilities, and also the engagement in a multitude of family linkages from the small town to other places within the settlement system. Substantiated through a case study of Rusape, this study suggests that lower living costs, higher food security and a more accessible labour market may be attracting migrants from higher level urban centres. The role of the network of kin relations in mobility is important and migrants’ networks over space cover both rural homes and urban areas. The access to networks, however, is being stratified under SAP and the ability to maintain linkages with relatives is declining, suggesting a rising vulnerability connected with the inability of leaving places and entering others.

  • 43.
    Andersson, Emma
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.
    Jämställd samhällsplanering - en möjlighet för Stockholm?: En studie om framväxten av Hjorthagen, Norra Djurgårdsstaden2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Många byggprojekt håller på att genomföras i Stockholm för att möta befolkningsökningen. Uppsatsens syfte är att ta reda på och redovisa om och hur de involverade aktörerna i byggnationen av Hjorthagen, Norra Djurgårdsstaden i Stockholm arbetar med genus- och jämställdhetsfrågor. Frågan är om Hjorthagen kommer att kunna bli en mer jämställd stadsdel än de övriga i Stockholm. Hypotesen som uppsatsen fokuserat kring är att ambitionerna att skapa en ökad jämställhet finns men att de inte införlivas.

    Den svenska staten försöker implementera jämställdhetsarbetet inom de flesta områden idag men samhällsplaneringen har inte visat något större intresse för detta. Det är Stockholms stad som har det övergripande ansvaret för den fysiska planeringen i Stockholm men också för den sociala hållbarheten där jämställdhet räknas in. Det finns flertalet dokument från bland annat Trafikverket (tidigare Vägverket), Stockholms stad och andra aktörer om hur jämställdhetsproblem ska tacklas men ännu syns inga tecken på sådan aktivitet i den fysiska planeringen. Samhällsplaneringen har i princip alltid varit könsblind och är fortfarande idag, så även i Sverige. Inom samhällsplaneringen betyder detta att kvinnors behov och erfarenheter inte uppmärksammas och man fortsätter att befästa och reproducera denna ojämställdhet.

    Studien som har genomförts är av kvalitativ typ och har analyserat intervjumaterial, litteratur och dokument för tydliggöra hur genus- och jämställdhetsfrågor behandlas av de inblandade aktörerna. Det är en deduktiv och hermeneutisk studie som till största del baseras på intervjuer av semistrukturerad natur. Intervjuerna har skett öga mot öga med representanter från Stockholms stad, politiker, byggföretag med flera.

    Resultatet av studien visar att jämställdhetsfrågan inte berörs i någon större utsträckning inom fysisk planering. En långsiktig framtidsvision publicerades 2007 där det fanns en önskan om att göra Stockholm till världens mest jämställda huvudstad till år 2030. Detta är dock något som inte syns idag. Det empiriska materialet visar på att Hjorthagen troligtvis inte kommer att bli en mer jämställd stadsdel än de övriga i Stockholm eftersom inget arbete för detta sker.

  • 44.
    Andersson, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    McPhearson, Timon
    Kremer, Peleg
    Gomez-Baggethun, Erik
    Haase, Dagmar
    Tuvendal, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Wurster, Daniel
    Scale and context dependence of ecosystem service providing units2015In: Ecosystem Services, ISSN 2212-0416, E-ISSN 2212-0416, Vol. 12, p. 157-164Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ecosystem services (ES) have been broadly adopted as a conceptual framing for addressing human nature interactions and to illustrate the ways in which humans depend on ecosystems for sustained life and well-being. Additionally, ES are being increasingly included in urban planning and management as a way to create multi-functional landscapes able to meet the needs of expanding urban populations. However, while ES are generated and utilized within landscapes we still have limited understanding of the relationship between ES and spatial structure and dynamics. Here, we offer an expanded conceptualization of these relationships through the concept of service providing units (SPUs) as a way to plan and manage the structures and preconditions that are needed for, and in different ways influence, provisioning of ES. The SPU approach has two parts: the first deals with internal dimensions of the SPUs themselves, i.e, spatial and temporal scale and organizational level, and the second outlines how context and presence of external structures (e.g, built infrastructure or larger ecosystems) affect the performance of SPUs. In doing so, SPUs enable a more nuanced and comprehensive approach to managing and designing multi-functional landscapes and achieving multiple ES goals.

  • 45.
    Andersson, Erik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Tengö, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    McPhearson, Timon
    Kremer, Peleg
    Cultural ecosystem services as a gateway for improving urban sustainability2015In: Ecosystem Services, ISSN 2212-0416, E-ISSN 2212-0416, Vol. 12, p. 165-168Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Quality of life in cities depends, among other things, on ecosystem services (ES) generated locally within the cities by multifunctional blue and green infrastructure. Successfully protecting green infrastructure in locations also attractive for urban development requires deliberate processes of planning and policy formulation as well as broad public support. We propose that cultural ecosystem services (CES) may serve as a useful gateway for addressing and managing nature in cities. CES can help embed multifunctional ecosystems and the services they generate in urban landscapes and in the minds of urbanites and planners, and thus serve an important role in addressing urban sustainability. In the city, CES may be more directly experienced, their benefits more readily appreciated, and the environment-to-benefit linkages more easily and intuitively understood by the beneficiaries relative to many material ES. Thus, we suggest that a focus on CES supply can be a good starting point for increasing the awareness among urban residents also of the importance of ES. Furthermore, CES are often generated interdependently with other critical ES and engaging people in the stewardship of CES could provide increased awareness of the benefits of a larger group of urban non-cultural ES.

  • 46.
    Andersson, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Abramsson, Marianne
    Changing residential mobility rates of older people in Sweden2012In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 32, no 6, p. 963-982Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The lifestyle of the baby boomers as retirees has been assumed to differ from older cohorts due to them being financially more stable and having grown up during the welfare state expansion. Many baby boomers live in large houses with gardens that require maintenance and labour. Recent studies have indicated that a growing share of those born in the 1940s in Sweden express a wish to change residence at retirement or in old age. A need to verify such results statistically was identified to confirm whether there has been an increase in residential mobility among older people. As a result, moves that took place during 2001–06 of the total cohort born in the 1940s were compared to similar moves by those born in the 1930s, ten years earlier during 1991–96, i.e. those aged 57–66 in 1996 and 2006. The study used a register database, Geoswede, containing the entire Swedish population. The study showed increased residential mobility rates among the 1940s cohort compared to the cohort born in the 1930s. However, explanations for the differences between the cohorts were not evident.

  • 47.
    Andersson, Eva
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Abramsson, Marianne
    Linköping University.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Residential Preferences of the Elderly Population: Age, Class, and Geographical Context2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Andersson, Eva K
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    From Valley of Sadness to Hill of Happiness: The Significance of Surroundings for Socioeconomic Career2004In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 41, no 3, p. 641-659Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interest in neighbourhood effects has been increasing. This article is a contribution to the field, directed towards the entire areas of three municipalities in Sweden, not only their distressed areas, and to their total population with data from the Statistics Sweden register. The aim of the study is to analyse the significance of surroundings to an individual's socioeconomic career in the form of education, occupational status and income. Guided by a theoretical framework of social justice, the study proposes places of good fortune and places of few opportunities. The survey cohort is individuals born in 1970, who lived at least 5 years in the same area during their adolescence. Their careers are analysed 10 years later, in 1995. The most important finding is that the socio-demographic and physical context of the residential area of adolescence affects the subsequent socioeconomic career.

  • 49.
    Andersson, Eva K.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Rural housing market hot spots and footloose in-migrants2015In: Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, ISSN 1566-4910, E-ISSN 1573-7772, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 17-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study applies a housing market perspective to hot spots in rural Northern Sweden. Here, the concept of a hot spot is defined as a place with rising house prices and in-migration of households with higher than average education and income. Perceptions and performances in these particular housing markets are studied using interviews. Three locations are explored through interviews with footloose households. The aim is to explore factors that shape rural housing market hot spots, using narratives from footloose in-migrants. There is a need for greater understanding of the spread and maintenance of hot spots and rural housing markets in regional planning. Also, housing markets in the countryside are more scantily investigated than in urban areas. In an unbalanced housing market, with higher prices and limited supply in the urban areas, hot spots in rural areas are anomalies that do not follow traditional housing market theories. Results show that hot spots are locations with natural beauty to which households moved upon finding employment. Footloose in-migrants are thus discovered to indicate a hot spot development. The hot spot areas have the extra natural beauty, cheap housing in combination with a high status, as well as it is a location suitable for commuting. Hot spots have a rare combination of factors sought after by footloose in-migrants.

  • 50.
    Andersson, Eva K.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Rural Housing Market Hotspots and Footloose In-migrants2012In: ENHR Conference 2012Housing: Local Welfare and Local Marketsin a Globalised WorldBook of AbstractsEuropean, Nova , 2012, p. 93-93Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study applies a housing market perspective on hotspots in northern, rural Sweden. It uses the concept ‘hotspot’ defined as places with rising house prices and in-migration of households with higher than average education and income. The focus rests on three places having the ideal characteristics of being a rural hotspot, located in three Swedish northern municipalities. These places are explored through ten interviews with ‘footloose’ households. The aim is to explore factors that shape rural housing market hotspots using stories from hotspot population households. The first reason for this study is that regional planning requests understanding to develop different regions and places for the future. Here the origins of hotspots are explored to understand the spread and sustainability of such developments. Second, housing markets in the countryside are more scantily investigated than in urban areas. In the unbalanced housing market with higher prices and limited supply in the urban areas hotspots in rural areas are not following traditional housing market theories, they are rather anomalies. Interviews with a specific footloose group of recent hotspot in-migrants are used in combination with knowledge about the housing market. Results show that although hotspots are locations with beautiful nature most households moved there because of finding jobs. The three areas have the ‘extra’ nature values and high status required for being a hotspot and a location for commuting to larger labor markets. The ‘footloose’ non-return migrants did find nice, cheaper housing that made them chose the area despite being strangers to the place. I suggest hotspots are the rare combination of footloose migrants and special places which make them difficult to develop elsewhere.

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