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  • 1.
    Andersson, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Branding and networking: Hotels as creators of new economic spaces in post-industrial towns2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Andersson, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Geographies of Place Branding: Researching through small and medium sized cities2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Place branding is commonly conceptualized with a focus on big cities, such as London, New York and Singapore, building from concepts and models from mainstream branding theory. In contrast to such conceptualizations, this thesis focuses on place branding in small and medium-sized cities. The present thesis aims to study place branding from a geographical perspective. It starts with debates theoretical and empirical understandings of place branding; what it is and how it is affecting the places where it is introduced. The thesis develops and argues for a perspective of territoriality and relationality to place branding discussing concepts, methods and empirical approaches to carry out place branding research using geographical perspectives. Empirically, this thesis focuses on in-depth studies of place branding in small and medium-sized cities in Sweden. By analyzing the development of place branding over the course of time, nuances and aspects of both territorial and relational origin emerge, situating place branding practices within a wider spatial contextualization. Four individual papers are presented, which taken together contribute to the aim of the thesis. Paper 1 introduces the place branding research field in geography and how it has developed; Paper 2 investigates the phenomena of flagship buildings located in small cities and towns; Paper 3 discusses the relationship between policy tourism and place branding; and Paper 4 analyzes how local environmental policies are affected by green place branding. The thesis demonstrates the complex and continuously interchangeable spatial structures and place contexts that create and re-produce the geographies of place branding. Here, research models and methodological examples are presented to illustrate how place branding can be studied from a geographical perspective and thus improve theoretical understandings of place branding.

  • 3.
    Andersson, Ida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Hotels as flagship buildings: Emerging economies in small towns2012In: Hotel spaces: urban and economic geographical perspectives on hotels and hotel developments / [ed] Lukas Smas, Stockholm: Stockholms universitet, Kulturgeografiska institutionen , 2012, , 20 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Andersson, Ida
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    James, Laura
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    From the greenest city in Europe to green heptathlon: place branding and policy tourism in Växjö, Sweden’Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the motivations and practices of cities engaging in policy boosterism, ‘a subset of traditional branding and marketing activities that involves the active promotion of locally developed and/or locally successful policies, programs, or practices across wider geographical fields as well as to broader communities of interested peers' (McCann, 2013: 5). The paper draws together literatures on policy boosterism, policy tourism, and place branding to explore the motivations of cities sharing policies in a competitive policy environment through policy tourism.  Using the case of environmental and urban sustainability policies in Växjö, Sweden, we examine how the rationale for sharing policy has changed over time, and how this both reflects and shapes the organization of policy tourism through technical visits and the branding of Växjö as ‘the greenest city in Europe’. Our study suggests that policy tourism and urban policymaking co-evolve in the context of policy boosterism. In Växjö what began as opportunistic branding now drives local environmental policymaking as the city strives to remain at the cutting edge. We suggest that detailed, longitudinal case studies are required to build a picture of the relationship between policy boosterism, policy tourism and urban policymaking in a variety of contexts. 

  • 5. Bentley, R. Alexander
    et al.
    Acerbi, Alberto
    University of Bristol (United Kingdom).
    Omerod, Paul
    Lampos, Vasileios
    Books average previous decade of economic misery2014In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 9, no 6, e99737Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Crépin, Anne-Sophie
    Stockholm University.
    Tackling the economics of ecosystems2002Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 7. Cumbers, Andrew
    et al.
    Featherstone, David
    Mackinnon, Danny
    Ince, Anthony
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Strauss, Kendra
    Intervening in globalisation: the spatial possibilities and institutional barriers to labour’s collective agency2014In: Journal of Economic Geography, ISSN 1468-2702, E-ISSN 1468-2710Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Trade unions are facing a series of challenges around place-based forms of work in industries such as construction, transport and public services. New spatial strategies by employers involving corporate reorganization, increased outsourcing and the use of migrant labour, allied to a deepening of neoliberal governance processes are accelerating a race to the bottom in wages and conditions. Drawing upon the experience of two recent labour disputes in the UK—at Heathrow Airport and Lindsey Oil Refinery—we explore the potential for workers to intervene in such globalizing processes. We highlight both the ability of grassroots workers to mobilize their own spatial networks but also their limitations in an increasingly hostile neoliberal landscape.

  • 8. Dahlberg, Matz
    et al.
    Eklöf, Matias
    Fredriksson, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Jofre- Monseny, Jordi
    Estimating Preferences for Local Public Services using Migration Data2012In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 49, no 2, 319-336 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using Swedish micro data, the paper examines the impact of local public services on community choice. The choice of community is modelled as a choice between a discrete set of alternatives. It is found that, given taxes, high spending on child care attracts migrants. Less conclusive results are obtained with respect to the role of spending on education and elderly care. High local taxes deter migrants. Relaxing the independence of the irrelevant alternatives assumption, by estimating a mixed logit model, has a significant impact on the results.

  • 9.
    Floriani Martins, Vinícius
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Education and Development: A spatial-econometric approach on spatial change and permanence in southern Brazil2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Brazilian state of Paraná exhibits a violent geography of inequality and duality, hosting both the most developed city in the country, internationally recognized by its urban and environmental innovations, and southern Brazil’s most concentrated cluster of poverty and underdevelopment. Over the course of the past decades, the state underwent a major economic transformation, modernizing and increasing its industrial structure and shifting to the service sector with a larger participation of the knowledge economy. This study is concerned on the interplay between formal education and socioeconomic development during this process, and above all its spatial character. It attempts make sense of the rich literature on education and growth and/or development, discussing it through the lenses of human geography and planning. In order for the analysis to be possible, this study created a consistent database of municipal scores of education over the course of 40 years, dealing with changing census methodologies and municipal boundaries. Making use of modern exploratory spatial data analysis combined with spatial regressions, the study identifies a clustered, time-persistent interplay between education and development that is stronger for low and basic levels of education. Moreover, it provides evidence that not only education is a predictor of future development, but also that analyses of this kind must take into consideration spatial autocorrelation in order to be accurate.

  • 10.
    Forsell, Håkan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Det defensiva ägandet: Slutreflektioner kring bostadskapitalismens konsekvenser2013In: Fronesis, ISSN 1404-2614, no 42-43, 203-207 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Gerdes, Christer
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Does immigration induce native flight from public schools?2013In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 50, no 2, 645-666 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For more than a century, parents in Denmark could enroll their children into privately operated free schools. Results from this study indicate an increase in native Danes' propensity to enroll their children in free schools as the share of children with immigrant background becomes larger in their municipality of residence. The effect is most pronounced in small, and medium-sized municipalities, while it seems absent in larger municipalities. The study explores changes in the immigrant population in Danish municipalities 1992-2004, a period marked by a substantial influx of refugees, where a state-sponsored placement policy restricted their initial choice of residence.

  • 12.
    Hallengren, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.
    Kina inför 80-talet: förändringens år1980In: Värld och Vetande, ISSN 0346-4873, Vol. 29, no 3, 85-93 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Report on the great changes taking place in the People's Republic of China in 1979.

  • 13.
    Hedberg, Charlotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    ‘Grapes of wrath’?: Power spatialities and aspects of labour in the wild berry global commodity chain2013In: Competition & change, ISSN 1024-5294, Vol. 17, no 1, 57-74 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite their central position, workers’ relationships have often been aneglected issue in commodity chain approaches. This article analyses howthe social relations of workers are affected by economic upgrading in thewild berry global commodity chain (GCC). It is argued that the social effectsin a GCC are the result of multiple power spatialities, which must beanalysed both according to workers’ rights and from a household perspective.In the Swedish wild berry GCC, foreign workers are contracted on aseasonal basis to collect the raw material. The regulated workers, who areprincipally from Thailand, are subject to social upgrading as well as socialdowngrading, involving the potential for both exploitation in the Swedishlabour market and social empowerment in their homeland. It is concludedthat a complex mix of hierarchical, networked and topological powerspatialities explain the construction of the wild berry GCC and its effects onworker relations.

  • 14. Hedman, Lina
    et al.
    Manley, David
    van Ham, Maarten
    Östh, John
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography. Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Cumulative exposure to disadvantage and the intergenerational transmission of neighbourhood effects2015In: Journal of Economic Geography, ISSN 1468-2702, E-ISSN 1468-2710, Vol. 15, no 1, 195-215 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies of neighbourhood effects typically investigate the instantaneous effect of point-in-time measures of neighbourhood poverty on individual outcomes. It has been suggested that it is not solely the current neighbourhood, but also the neighbourhood history of an individual that is important in determining an individual's outcomes. Using a population of parental home-leavers in Stockholm, Sweden, this study investigates the effects of two temporal dimensions of exposure to neighbourhood environments on personal income later in life: the parental neighbourhood at the time of leaving the home and the cumulative exposure to poverty neighbourhoods in the subsequent 17 years. Using unique longitudinal Swedish register data and bespoke individual neighbourhoods, we are the first to employ a hybrid model, which combines both random and fixed effects approaches in a study of neighbourhood effects. We find independent and non-trivial effects on income of the parental neighbourhood and cumulative exposure to poverty concentration neighbourhoods.

  • 15.
    Hermelin, Brita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    The Elusive Question of Global Cities and Cities in Networks2012In: Nordregio News, ISSN 2001-1725, Vol. 4Article, review/survey (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Globalisation, urbanisation and networks represent important fundamental processes in the recent and current restructuring of society. These three key words imply uneven spatial and geographical development of resources and human settlements that are deeply involved in the emergence and consolidation of world cities and global cities. In recent decades, the globalisation of cities has been studied intensively and global cities are defined in various ways

  • 16.
    Hermelin, Brita
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Smas, Lukas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Knowledge Dynamics in the Stockholm Region: A study of KIBS, ICT and Medtech2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report discusses aspects of the transformation of the economy in the wake of thedevelopment of information and communication technology (ICT) using a case study ofStockholm. This study is conducted as a part of a Nordic research project titled ‘RegionalTrajectories to the Knowledge Economy—Nordic-European Comparisons’ (REKENE).REKENE involves seven regional teams from Sweden, Denmark, Finland and Iceland, witheach team made up of both researchers and practitioners.The objective of REKENE and the Stockholm case study is to identify activities and processesthat generate knowledge development and innovations. REKENE involves a conceptualframework, which particularly stresses the concepts of knowledge dynamics, of different typesof knowledge, gender aspects, multilocal networks and the processes of anchoring resources tothe region.The different regional teams in REKENE study different industrial sectors. For Stockholm, ourpoint of departure is knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS) with a particular focus oncomputer services/ICT expertise and medical technicians and technologists (medtech).The report describes the development of knowledge from the point of departure from a smallfirm engaged in medtech. This description illustrates how interactions between sectors andknowledge domains are distinctive for KIBS, wherein firms work closely with their clients andusually adopt the roles of co-creators and co-producers. Important developments are thengenerated through composite knowledge whereby policies may facilitate the integration of arange of competencies, skills and experiences in networks. Indeed, it is difficult to discern anyouter boundary delimiting the skills that are most relevant for the development of ICTapplications. Although the establishment of strong relationships among local actors in theStockholm region is an important resource for knowledge dynamics to be effective, widerinternational connections are needed for sustainable development.

  • 17.
    Hermelin, Brita
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Trygg, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    New geographies of work: a case study from Sweden2012In: Urbani Izziv, ISSN 0353-6483, E-ISSN 1855-8399, Vol. 23, no suppl. 1, S126-S134 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes and analyses the geography of work, i.e., the spatial patterns in where paid work is done. The geography of work may diverge from the geography of employment when paid work is done at the premises of client organizations, during commuting, on business trips, on external meetings, at home or at other places. The particular patterns in the geography of work depend on a number of factors, possibilities and constraints. The paper takes its point of departure from the debate about how structural economic changes resulting from evolving service industries and the development of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) entail new forms for the organization of paid work. Flexibility, reflexivity, flows and places are key concepts. The paper presents a case study from Stockholm that takes a workplace perspective and looks at knowledge-intensive work in a public sector organization. The empirical study analyses data from interviews, time diaries and a questionnaire. We analyse how the geography of work is the result of negotiations between different parties and in different arenas, and how this spatial pattern is the result of the character of work tasks and accessibility of ICT support. The discussion illustrates a complex picture of the coexistence of spatial fix and spatial flexibility, and how this may cause tensions but also convenient solutions for organizing and conducting paid work.

  • 18.
    Hård, Ursula
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Can One Live on Food?: Local Development and New Enterprises by Food Produce (Hälsingland, Sweden)2016In: Challenges for the New Rurality in a Changing World: Proceedings from the 7th International Conference on Localized Agri-Food Systems / [ed] Paulina Rytkönen, Ursula Hård, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2016, 23-24 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From a gender perspective the presented process-study problematizes formal and informal institutional possibilities and obstacles, including gender contracts, which women as business owners, entrepreneurs and social entrepreneurs face in rural communities as they - partly in co-operation with other entrepreneurs, official channels and non-governmetal organizations (NGOs) - promote livelihood and local development by starting and developing businesses within locally produced food in Hälsingland, Gävleborg County, northern Sweden.

  • 19.
    Ikegami, Masako
    Center for Pacific Asia Studies (CPAS), Stockholm University.
    Kita-Chosen, Mongol nimiru Chugoku no Giji-Manshukoku seisaku [China’s North Korean and Mongolian Strategy: A Contemporary Version of ‘Manchukuo’ Model]2009In: GPI Brief – for Guiding Policy Innovation, Vol. June, no 10, 8-10 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    'China’s North Korean and Mongolian Strategy: A Contemporary Version of‘Manchukuo’ Model', Masako Ikegami (GPI Policy Expert Member and Professor and Director, Center for Pacific AsiaStudies (CPAS), Stockholm University)

    By abusing its rapidly growing economic and military power, Hu Jintao’s China is assuming a highlyaggressive stance to its neighboring countries geopolitically important to China, who are rich innatural resources yet politically vulnerable. North Korea is a prominent case, and the case hasimplications also for Myanmar and Mongolia. If Japan’s Manchukuo policy in the 1930s is interpretedas (1) a large investment in economic infrastructure for extracting natural resources, (2) militaryinterventions for protecting economic interests, and (3) social-political absorption by means of apuppet government, among others, China’s current strategy toward its neighboring countries can wellbe explained with such a historical model.

  • 20.
    Ikegami, Masako
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Chin, Hai-iau
    "Democratization and Economic Growth: The Relevance of Taiwan´s Experience"2007In: Stockholm Journal of East Asian Studies, ISSN 0284-883X, Vol. 17, 9-30 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the links between democratization and economic growth by analyzing Taiwan´s experience and contrasting it with China´s case. In doing so, the authors try to identify problems inherent in high-growth authoritarian regimes due to the Leninist state control, highlighting that Taiwan´s democratization experience is relevant to observing the political change in a high-growth authoritarian regime like China.

  • 21.
    James, Laura
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Halkier, Henrik
    Regional development platforms and related variety: Exploring the changing practices of food tourism in North Jutland, Denmark2016In: European Urban and Regional Studies, ISSN 0969-7764, E-ISSN 1461-7145, Vol. 23, no 4, 831-847 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There has been growing interest in regional policies that stimulate interactions between different sectors, often based on the concept of ‘related variety’. The identification and development of new cross-sectoral growth trajectories has been described elsewhere as building ‘regional development platforms’. This article contributes to conceptual debates about cross-sectoral regional development platforms and provides an empirical analysis of attempts to create and develop such a platform. From a conceptual perspective we argue that the notion of related variety can help policymakers to identify potential combinatorial platform opportunities, but may overestimate the ability of ‘related’ actors to collaborate together in innovative ways, because knowledge is embedded in practice and the process of ‘combining’ knowledge in new activities is therefore challenging. The paper illuminates the development of cross-sectoral platforms by examining the creation of new activities from a practice perspective that directs attention to the everyday activities, routines and understandings that constitute the ‘doing’ of economic development. We explore the development of a cross sectoral platform in the North Jutland region of Denmark, which integrates actors from the food and tourism sectors into a new food-tourism platform. We identify the dominant forms of the practices of producing food, retailing, catering, and promoting tourism, and then consider the ways in which these have changed in response to new cross-sectoral initiatives. The analysis shows that some aspects of practice are easier to change than others, and we conclude that an analytical approach inspired by practice theory can identify the requirements in terms of micro-level change in the practices of actors that is required for an initiative to succeed.

  • 22.
    Karlsson, Bengt G
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Atoms: nuclear estrangement from Chernobyl to India2012In: Ecology and power: struggles over land and material resources in the past, present, and future / [ed] Alf Hornborg, Brett Clark and Kenneth Hermele, Abingdon, Oxon; Routledge: Routledge, 2012, 239-249 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Karlsson, Isaac
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Regional Innovation Systems: Policy and Application in a Swedish context2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    KARLSSON, ISAAC (2012). REGIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEMS: POLICY AND APPLICATION IN A SWEDISH CONTEXT. Uneven economic development has been an issue of interest for a long time. Recently focus has shifted from inequalities between countries to growing inequalities within countries. With the EU as one of the most prominent supporters, regional innovation systems have become a centerpiece in the battle against uneven development. This paper examines how these strategies and policies are transferred through the governance hierarchy from the supranational level to the periphery of small Swedish municipalities. The paper also examines how these strategies, influenced by theories and empirical evidence from successful innovative regions, are conceptualized and implemented in a Swedish context. Analysis of policy documents and interviews with regional and municipal actors have been the basis of the empirical material. The criteria for selecting cases to study are proximity to a university, and key economic variables for the municipalities. The analysis indicated that there seems to be a somewhat significant policy transfer effect into the strategies of the Swedish regions, but this does not necessarily reach the municipal level. There also seems to be a gap between the transfer of the strategies to their implementation, mainly caused by ambiguities in the structure of the system, in part stemming from an absence of a national plan on innovative regional systems.

  • 24. Korpi, Martin
    et al.
    Clark, William A. V.
    Bo, Malmberg
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    The urban hierarchy and domestic migration: the interaction of internal migration, disposable income and the cost of living, Sweden 1993-20022011In: Journal of Economic Geography, ISSN 1468-2702, E-ISSN 1468-2710, Vol. 11, no 6, 1051-1077 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines household gains and losses from migration within the Swedish urban hierarchy. The central questions focus on whether increases in disposable income outweigh the associated changes in housing costs, especially with movements up (and down) the urban hierarchy, to (and from) larger and more expensive population-growth regions. The questions are addressed using Swedish Census data for 3.5 million individuals and two fixed-effect panel models are estimated for four consecutive time-periods, 1993–2002. The results consistently show relatively higher increases in disposable income moving up the urban hierarchy. Taking changes in housing expenditure into account, this pattern is however reversed; the largest gains are made by households moving from larger to smaller labour markets, a significantly smaller share of total domestic migration. The results point to factors beyond short-term nominal income gains as important in explaining the bulk of domestic migration.

  • 25.
    Laggan, Sophie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    The power within social-ecological transformations: a case study of Bristol's food system, UK2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Urban civil society and community groups are experimenting with new ways to provide food that could reduce global dependence on industrial agriculture and make the food system more resilient in a time of change. Changing the way cities provide food is conceptualized as a social-ecological transformation because it requires a fundamental shift in the way cities connect to close-by and far away ecologies, but also a rebalancing of power relations in urban food provision. The literature identifies specific individuals or groups, so-called ‘agents of change’, as critical for igniting processes of social-ecological transformation but are seen as less important when processes and norms and rules formalise.

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate whether this assumption on agents of change holds in the context of urban food provision. Bristol was selected as a critical incident case as it has progressed far in such a transformation and is institutionalising its trajectory in urban politics and civil society. Interviews with agents of change were gathered to determine who these people are and what they do when on the surface ‘power’ seems more or less equal.

    The results from this study demonstrate that:

    1) Institutionalisation can empower the community and its networks to become agents of change

    2) The ability to transform is not an exclusive property of leaders, but is embodied by ordinary people

    3) There are different types of agents of change that manifest their ability to transform resources and relations through networks.

    4) Conflicts between the food movement and authorities are not to put food on the agenda, but rather to make sure community-led development is prioritised and allocated resources.

    Given the right resources the food movement can support sustainable resource management and spaces for citizen planning and grassroots democracy, which could help rebalance power in the food system. 

  • 26.
    Lilja, Sven
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Leva vid Östersjöns kust/Living by the Baltic Sea.: En antologi om resursutnyttjande på båda sidor om Östersjön ca 800-1800.2008Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Demography and the development potential of Sub-Saharan Africa2007Report (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Malmberg, Bo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Det ljusnar för Afrika2007In: Framtider, ISSN 0281-0492, no 3, 16-21 p.Article, review/survey (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 29. Meagher, Kate
    et al.
    Lindell, Ilda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    ASR Forum: Engaging with African Informal Economies: Social Inclusion or Adverse Incorporation?2013In: African Studies Review, ISSN 0002-0206, E-ISSN 1555-2462, Vol. 56, no 3, 57-76 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Olsson, Annika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    The Hidden Side of Enterprise: A Study of the Motivations Behind Informal Self Employment2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This investigation aims to explore the motivating factors behind the decision to engage in informal self-employment within ethnic economies. Through a series of semistructured qualitative interviews with Latin American immigrant women participating in informal self-employment in Stockholm, this study focuses on the ways in which agency and structure can influence economic decisions. Using the theory of mixedembeddedness, the results show that participating in informal self-employment can be understood as both a product of capitalizing on available social and ethnic resources, as well as the outcome of limited opportunities in traditional labour markets. While social and ethnic networks facilitate informal exchanges and provide an environment in which alternative employment opportunities become available, the decision to start an informal enterprise correlates with a lack of other opportunities, due to factors such as discrimination, a lack of language skills, limited access to start-up capital and a complex institutional context for small-scale entrepreneurs.

  • 31.
    Persson, Robert
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Kunskapsrelationer och kunskapsföretag: En studie av miljöteknikbranschen i Stockholmsregionen2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 32.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Briceño Ruiz, José
    The European Union and the ''making'' of South American regionalism2009In: The EU and world regionalism: the makability of regions in the 21st century, Farnham: Ashgate, 2009, 101-113 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyse the impact of EU involvement on the ‘makability’ of regions in South America, with particular focus on EU's interaction with the Common Market of the South (MERCOSUR), and the Andean Community (AC). The idea of ‘makability’ is closely related to the concept of region and its process of construction. For some specialists, a region is an ‘imagined community’, socially constructed from below. Regions can also be described as zones ‘based on groups, states or territories whose member shared some identifiable traits’ , or as a creation of political powers. The issue of whether a region can be ‘made’ by an external actor, cannot be rejected During the Cold War, for example, state power helped to shape regionalism for security reasons (Katzenstein, 2005: 22). One example was the US's commitment to create the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) or the Organisation of American States (OAS). Another case is the Soviet Unions' promotion of security and economic regional entities in Eastern Europe. Yet, reality is changing in the current multipolar and globalised world, where the rise of regional powers can be seen as the other side of decline of US hegemony. In this context, it is still not clear how an external actor, such as the EU, would help in the construction of   regional integration in other parts of the world.

  • 33.
    Rivarola Puntigliano, Andrés
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
    Briceño-Ruiz, José
    Brazil and Latin America: Between the Integration and Separation Paths2017Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Brazil and Latin America: Between the Separation and Integration Paths challenges the “separatist” bias in the vision of Brazilian relations with its Latin American neighbors. By exploring the parallel existence of a path of integration, the focus of this study is on those forces which have intended to forge different forms of alignment, integration, and, sometimes, rightward union between Brazil and different Latin American countries. The authors analyze the ideas and projects inherent in the mindset of elites even before independence. They show that the path of integration has been more influential than is generally known. Ultimately, this book demonstrates the complexity around policy-making, debates on foreign policy, and the history of shaping the Brazilian self.  less

  • 34. Rytkönen, Paulina
    et al.
    Hård, UrsulaStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Challenges for the New Rurality in a Changing World: Proceedings from the 7th International Conference on Localized Agri-Food Systems2016Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Challenges for the New Rurality in a Changing World was the title of the 7th International Conference on Localized Agri-Food Systems. The contributions in this volume are written by conference participants. The themes highlighted relate to four topics. The first topic refers to various aspects of the articulation of the New Rurality and its challenges and opportunities, with a specific focus on the Nordic countries, the countries surrounding the Baltic Sea, and the Eastern European Countries. Also in focus is the role of knowledge in the promotion of rural development and ‘glocal’ links as enablers of opportunities and sources of challenges in relation to entrepreneurship and rural development – in theory and practice in particular Europe and the Americas. The second topic highlights various aspects of territorial governance and localized agri-food systems in particular Europe, North and South America. The third topic relates to the impact of the market on localized agri-food systems, with a special focus on short food chains, public procurement and tourism. The fourth and final topic highlights questions related to the connection between localized agri-food systems and the environment. Special interest was devoted to possible synergies, (organizational) innovations and challenges between localized agri-food systems and environmental benefits, proposing agroecology as a framework for action in the transition from conventional production to more sustainable agro-food production systems.

  • 35.
    Schmitt, Peter
    Nordregio, Nordic Centre for Spatial Development, Stockholm, Schweden.
    Kauffmann, Albrecht; Rosenfeld, Martin T.W. (Eds.) (2012): Städte und Regionen im Standortwettbewerb. Neue Tendenzen, Auswirkungen und Folgerungen für die Politik [Cities and Regions in territorial competition. New trends, impacts and consequences for policy]2013In: Raumforschung und Raumordnung - Spatial Research and Planning, ISSN 0034-0111, Vol. 71, no 5, 443-445 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Sekaringtyas, Pembayun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Knowledge Dynamics in Indonesian Cultural Industries: The case of Kasongan pottery cluster and Kotagede silver craft cluster in Yogyakarta Region2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explored the knowledge dynamics of cultural industries in Yogyakarta Region. The aims of this paper are to explain how local knowledge is circulated and how new elements are added, as well as to find out how different kinds of knowledge are anchored. This thesis contributes to fill the gap of the lack of research conducted to explain knowledge dynamics in the context of Indonesian cultural industries. Cultural industries have been increasingly considered important towards economic development, whereas territorial knowledge dynamics (TKD) is considered as an update of the traditional territorial innovation models (TIM). The empirical part of this paper contains data collected from interviews with the representatives of sixteen firms, five government institutions, three local trade associations, one local youth organisation and one non-governmental organisation. The finding reveals that direct observation, face-to-face contact, and local buzz are important towards the circulation of local knowledge within the clusters. Different kinds of innovations were also found, involving multidimensional aspects at micro-levels. In a few cases, innovation was influenced by the presence of global pipelines. Knowledge anchoring happened in a complex process and involved a number of actors in multiple locations and scales. This thesis argues that policy makers should increasingly incorporate the concept of territorial knowledge dynamics (TKD) in the development of Indonesian cultural industries.

  • 37.
    Stålnacke, Filip
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Världens bästa stad?: En jämförande studie av Stockholms och Göteborgs platsmarknadsföringsstrategier2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka Stockholms och Göteborgs platsmarknadsföringsstrategier. Det görs utifrån tre frågeställningar. Intentionen med dessa är att studera städernas motivering till respektive platsmarknadsföringsstrategi, vilka arbetet främst riktas mot och hur det strategiska arbetet rationaliserats. De teoretiska perspektiv som används i studien kommer dels från ett normativt och dels från ett normkritiskt perspektiv. Undersökningen har operationaliserats med semi-strukturerade intervjuer. Intervjuerna har kompletteras med tryckta sekundärkällor. I studiens analys är Stockholms och Göteborgs platsmarknadsföringsarbetes främsta målgrupp ett externt näringsliv. Städernas återkommande motivering till respektive platsmarknadsföringsarbete är att förmedla en attraktiv bild av platsen och på så sätt stärka dess konkurrenskraft. Konkurrens är även det som rationaliserar de båda städernas platsmarknadsföringsstrategier. I studien är begreppet konkurrens en återkommande förklarning till respektive platsmarknadsföringsstrategier, men inte på det sätt som finns förklarat i de teoretiska resonemang som förs kring begreppet. Konkurrens skapar en vilja till ett samarbete mellan städerna och dess närmsta konkurrenter.

  • 38. Wahba, Jackline
    et al.
    Zenou, Yves
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Out of sight, out of mind: migration, entrepreneurship and social capital2012In: Regional Science and Urban Economics, ISSN 0166-0462, Vol. 42, no 5, 890-903 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to investigate whether return migrants are more likely to become entrepreneurs than non-migrants. We develop a theoretical search model that puts forward the trade off faced by returnees since overseas migration provides an opportunity for human and physical capital accumulation but, at the same time, may lead to a loss of social capital back home. We test the predictions of the model using data from Egypt. We find that, even after controlling for the endogeneity of the temporary migration decision, an overseas returnee is more likely to become an entrepreneur than a non-migrant. Although migrants may lose their social capital, they accumulate savings and experience overseas that increase their chances of becoming entrepreneurs.

  • 39.
    Östh, John
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Lindgren, Urban
    DO CHANGES IN GDP INFLUENCE COMMUTING DISTANCES?: A STUDY OF SWEDISH COMMUTING PATTERNS BETWEEN 1990 AND 20062012In: Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, ISSN 0040-747X, E-ISSN 1467-9663, Vol. 103, no 4, 443-456 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Several studies have analysed the relationships between individuals' commuting distances and individual characteristics, discrimination, societal structure and planning. Largely left unexplored, however, are the long-term relationships between changes in the economic cycle and the effects on individual commuting distances. Using regression analyses, this study focuses on the relationship between changes in GDP and commuters' response reflected in commuting distances. The empirical data consist of records of almost 12 million Swedish commuting events between 1990 and 2006. Results of the analyses indicate that changes in GDP growth rate have an impact on commuting distances, especially for younger workers, the recently unemployed and commuters in metropolitan areas.

1 - 39 of 39
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