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  • 1. Aaltonen, Mikko
    et al.
    Skardhamar, Torbjørn
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Højsgaard Andersen, Lars
    Bäckman, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Danielsson, Petri
    Comparing Employment Trajectories before and after First Imprisonment in Four Nordic Countries2017In: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 57, no 4, p. 828-847Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Employment plays a crucial role in the re-entry process and in reducing recidivism among offenders released from prison. But at the same time, imprisonment is generally regarded as harmful to post-release employment prospects. Little is known, however, about whether or not offenders’ employment trajectories before and after imprisonment are similar across countries. As a first step towards filling this gap in research, this paper provides evidence on employment trajectories before and after imprisonment in four Nordic welfare states: Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. Using data gathered from administrative records on incarcerated offenders, the analysis focuses on individuals imprisoned for the first time and who served a prison sentence less than one year in length. Results show that although employment trajectories develop in mostly similar ways before and after imprisonment across these countries, important differences exist.

  • 2. Aarsand, Pål
    et al.
    Forsberg, Lucas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    De öppna och stängda dörrarnas moral: Dilemman i deltagande observation med videokamera2009In: Den väsentliga vardagen: Några diskursanalytiska perspektiv på tal, text och bild, Stockholm: Carlssons , 2009, p. 148-168Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3. Aarsand, Pål
    et al.
    Forsberg, Lucas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Producing children's corporeal privacy: Ethnographic video recording as material-discursive practice2010In: Qualitative Research, ISSN 1468-7941, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 249-268Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the use of video cameras in participant observation drawing on approximately 300 hours of video data from an ethnographic study of Swedish family life. Departing from Karen Barad’s post-humanistic perspective on scientific practices, the aim is to critically analyse how researchers, research participants and technology produce and negotiate children’s corporeal privacy. Ethnographic videotaping is understood as a material- discursive practice that creates and sustains boundaries between private and public, where videotaping is ideologically connected to a public sphere that may at times ‘intrude’ on children’s corporeal privacy. The limits of corporeal privacy are never fixed, but open for negotiation; ethnographers may therefore unintentionally transgress the boundary and thus be faced with ethical dilemmas. The fluidity of privacy calls for ethical reflexivity before, during and after fieldwork, and researchers must be sensitive to when ethical issues are at hand and how to deal with them.

  • 4.
    Aatela, Ann
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Tvillingskap, identitetsutveckling och delad eller gemensam skolgång.: - Resonemang bland föräldrar, lärare och tvillingar2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5.
    Abdul Baten, Mohammed
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Property rights in mangroves: A case study of the Mahakam Delta, East Kalimantan, Indonesia2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mangroves represent an important source of livelihood for many poor people acrossthe world. However, insufficient policy responses relating to mangrove conservation,combined with the lack of clearly defined property rights contribute extensively to theconversion of mangroves to alternative uses, in particular shrimp aquaculture. On thebasis of relevant theoretical perspectives on property rights, this Master’s thesisanalyses various formal and informal institutions and existing governancemechanisms that determine natural resources management in the Mahakam delta, EastKalimantan, Indonesia. By employing a qualitative participatory research approachthe case study explores how different institutions in Indonesia shape the local propertyrights regime in mangroves. The results show that the interplay between formal andinformal institutions involved in defining property rights, along with the lack ofcoordination among responsible government agencies, has resulted in the clearing ofone of the largest Nypah forests in the world for shrimp pond construction withinthree decades. Moreover, the study suggests that the current problem of mangrovedestruction will not be solved merely by declaring the Mahakam delta as a protectedarea or by assigning full ownership rights to the local people. On the contrary, thestudy suggests that the coordination and enforcement mechanisms should be enhancedin such ways that they simultaneously address both local peoples’ needs as well asecosystem integrity.

  • 6.
    Abukar, Mohamed
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Husbyupploppet: Den fysiska miljöns betydelse2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna kvalitativa studie är att dels förstå vilka faktorer som ger upphov till att

    upplopp sker, samt att i en fallstudie analysera vilken relation den byggda omgivningen hade

    under upploppens gång i Husby år 2013. Den förstnämnda frågan besvaras genom en

    litteraturundersökning, där Parisupploppen år 2005 och Londonupploppen år 2011 har

    närmare studerats. I fallstudie Husby studeras den byggda miljöns betydelse under upploppet,

    där intervjuer gjorts med ungdomar boende i Husby, närpolisen i Kista-Husby samt

    områdesplanerare för Husby. Studien visar att många komplexa faktorer samspelar inför ett

    upplopp, där sociala och ekonomiska faktorer är centrala beståndsdelar. Fallstudie Husby

    påvisar ett unikt perspektiv, där den fysiska omgivningen haft en stark påverkan på

    upploppet.

    Nyckelord: Upplopp, byggda omgivning, Husbyupploppen, Parisupploppen,

    Londonupploppen, segregation, förort.

  • 7.
    Acerbi, Alberto
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for the Study of Cultural Evolution.
    Ghirlanda, Stefano
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for the Study of Cultural Evolution. City University of New York, USA.
    Enquist, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for the Study of Cultural Evolution. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology.
    Old and Young Individuals' Role in Cultural Change2012In: JASSS: Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, ISSN 1460-7425, E-ISSN 1460-7425, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 1-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We explore the impact of age on cultural change through simulations of cultural evolution. Our simulations show that common observations about the relationship between old and young naturally emerge from repeated cultural learning. In particular, young individuals are more open to learn than older individuals, they are less effective as cultural models, and they possess less cultural traits. We also show that, being more open to learning, young individuals are an important source of cultural change. Cultural change, however, is faster in populations with both young and old. A relatively large share of older individuals, in fact, allows a population to retain more culture, and a large culture can change in more directions than a small culture. For the same reason, considering age-biased cultural transmission in an overlapping generations model, cultural evolution is slower when individuals interact preferentially with models of similar age than when they mainly interact with older models.

  • 8.
    Acerbi, Alberto
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for the Study of Cultural Evolution. University of Bristol, United Kingdom.
    Lampos, Vasileios
    Garnett, Philip
    Bentley, R. Alexander
    The Expression of Emotions in 20th Century Books2013In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 3, article id e59030Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report here trends in the usage of mood words, that is, words carrying emotional content, in 20th century English language books, using the data set provided by Google that includes word frequencies in roughly 4% of all books published up to the year 2008. We find evidence for distinct historical periods of positive and negative moods, underlain by a general decrease in the use of emotion-related words through time. Finally, we show that, in books, American English has become decidedly more emotional than British English in the last half-century, as a part of a more general increase of the stylistic divergence between the two variants of English language.

  • 9.
    Adam, Mickiewicz
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Demokratisk planering och medborgardeltagande: En komparativ fallstudie av olika planeringsmodeller i översiktsplaneringen av Väsby Sjöstad i Upplands Väsby2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Mickiewicz, Adam (2012)

    Demokratisk planering och medborgardeltagande - En komparativ fallstudie av olika planeringsmodeller i översiktsplaneringen av Väsby Sjöstad i Upplands Väsby [Democratic planning and citizen participation - A comparative case study of different planning models used in the comprehensive planning of Väsby Sjöstad in Upplands Väsby]

     

    Samhällsplanering, avancerad nivå

    Masteruppsats för masterexamen i samhällsplanering, 30 HP

    Handledare: Peter Schmitt

    Språk: Svenska

     

     

    Uppsatsen syftar till att undersöka hur den demokratiska planeringsmodellen hanterar frågor gällande medborgerligt deltagande. Vem har makten att påverka och förändra de politiska beslut som planeringsmodellen vilar på? Uppsatsen undersöker utifrån denna övergripande fråga i fallstudieform planeringsprocessen för ett ambitiöst och kontroversiellt framtida bostadsområde i Upplands Väsby kallat Väsby Sjöstad. Den teoretiska ansatsen utgörs av maktbegreppet och dess kopplingar till rationalitet, starkt inspirerat av Michel Foucaults och Bent Flyvbjergs maktteorier. Den huvudsakliga metoden för undersökningen är en diskursanalys. Planeringsprocessen i fallet har genomgått distinkt olika faser och utmynnat i en charrette-inspirerad metod kallad community planning. Metoden medför att en konfliktfylld och låst planeringsprocess omvandlats till en inklusiv och kommunikativ sådan. Slutsatsen är att community planning med fördel kan användas för att ge medborgare en reell makt att påverka politiska beslut och planeringsresultat, men främst under tidiga planskeden.

  • 10.
    Agné, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The Myth of International Delegation: Limits to and Suggestions for Democratic Theory in the Context of the European Union2007In: Government and Opposition, ISSN 0017-257X, E-ISSN 1477-7053Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Agné, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    "-Hallå, bajskorv!": Om hur könad subjektivitet skapas i språkandet mellan mig som pedagog och barn i förskolan.2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsens syfte är att undersöka vad ett feministiskt poststrukturalistiskt subjektsteoretiskt angreppssätt kan ge för kunskap om barns subjekt- och könsskapande i förskolan. Detta teoretiskt/metodologiska perspektiv innebär i den här uppsatsen att kön ses som något som görs inom språk och diskurser i vardagliga lokala pedagogiska processer och att jag, både som pedagog och forskare, deltar som medskapande i dessa. I undersökningen analyseras samtalet mellan mig och fem barn under en aktivitet som jag leder och som handlar om bokstavssymboler och bokstavsljud. Barnen var i åldrarna fem till sex år och samtalet är inspelat med mp3-spelare. Genom diskursanalys och dekonstruktion gör jag olika läsningar av tre sekvenser från ljudinspelningen. Jag skriver fram ett antal verksamma diskurser: Vuxen/barn-diskursen, rolig pojke-diskursen, fina flickan-diskursen, bokstavs-diskursen, utvecklings-diskursen, tävlings- och samarbetsdiskurserna samt den kompensatoriska genus-diskursen. Dessa diskurser som jag identifierar/skapar bildar sammantaget diskursiva kedjor som sätter gränser för vad som är möjligt att göra och bli, som kön och subjekt, i den här situationen. I mina läsningar blir alla vi som deltar, både barnen och jag, aktiva i att skapa könad subjektivitet. Särskilt intressant ur mitt perspektiv som blivande förskollärare är hur jag, i egenskap av pedagog och vuxen, omedvetet och trots mina ambitioner att göra annorlunda, deltar i att skapa stereotypa könssubjekt. Den roliga och tävlingsinriktade pojken och den fina samarbetande flickan positioneras via den makt jag ges i samtalet.

  • 12.
    Ahammad, Ronju
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Understanding institutional changes for reducing vulnerability to landslides in Chittagong City, Bangladesh2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ineffective hill management policy at the national level and weak enforcement by thelocal authorities has created space for developing many informal settlements alonglandslide prone hillslopes in Chittagong city, Bangladesh. These settlements areconsidered illegal by the formal authorities, the settlers perceive their presence inthose areas as legal occupants, which have caused land tenure conflicts with formalauthorities over the last decades. The continual land tenure conflict has weakenedinstitutional arrangement for reducing vulnerability to landslides in the informalsettlements. The thesis paper is prepared based on the findings of a case study on thelandslides which occurred in 2007 in Chittagong city. The fieldwork of the study wascarried out using qualitative tools such as individual interviewing of organisationalrespondents and a focus group interview in Matijarna informal settlement to examinewhat institutional changes have occurred for reducing social vulnerability of informalsettlers to landslides in Chittagong city. The study finds that the institutional changeshave occurred as short-term mitigation policies like establishing structural measuresalong hillslopes for adjustment and relocation of the most vulnerable informal settlers.Anchoring on institutional change theory, the study suggests that new policies mayreduce social vulnerability of informal settlers to landslides through addressing thefollowing issues. First, previous institutional arrangements and how those shapedpresent vulnerability of informal settlers to landslides must be understood. Second,land tenure security of the informal settlers must be well incorporated in currentmitigation policies. Third, organisational coordination should be strengthened fromnational to local level, as well as, between government agencies and otherorganisations like NGOs and civil society to facilitate policy implementation process.

  • 13.
    Ah-King, Malin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Queering biology teaching2016In: Queering MINT: Impulse für eine dekonstruktive Lehrer_innenbildung / [ed] Nadine Balzter, Florian Cristobal Klenk, Olga Zitzelsberger, Verlag Barbara Budrich, 2016Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14. Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Bergmo-Prvulovic, IngelaStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.Kilhammar, Karin
    HR: Att ta tillvara mänskliga resurser2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Ahlberg, Kerstin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law. Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute for Social Law.
    Regulating Temporary Agency Work: On the Interplay between EU-level, National Level and Different Industrial Relations Traditions2008In: EU Industrial Relations v. National Industrial Relations: Comparative and Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Kluwer Law International, The Netherlands , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    I kapitlet analyseras det komplicerade samspelet mellan nationell nivå och EU-nivå och mellan olika industrial relations-traditioner, under försöken att skapa en europeisk reglering av anställningsvillkoren för arbetstagare som hyrs ut av bemanningsföretag.

  • 16. Ahlbäck, Andreas
    et al.
    Sundevall, FiaStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Gender war and peace: Breaking up the Borderlines2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 17. Ahlgreen, Mette
    et al.
    Dahlerup, DrudeStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    The Nordic BRYT-Project: final report1990Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Ahlgren, Per
    Stockholm University, University Library.
    Den norska modellen sett från Sverige2008In: Forskningspolitikk, ISSN 0333-0273, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 18-18Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Stockholm University, University Library.
    Colliander, Cristian
    Textual content, cited references, similarity order, and clustering: an experimental study in the context of science mapping2009In: Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Scientometrics and Informetrics (Volume 2), 2009, p. 862-873Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Stockholm University, University Library.
    Jarneving, Bo
    Bibliographic coupling, common abstract stems and clustering: a comparison of two document-document similarity approaches in the context of science mapping2008In: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 76, no 2, p. 273-290Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    Stockholm University, University Library.
    Järvelin, Kalervo
    Measuring impact of twelve information scientists using the DCI index2010In: Journal of The American Society For Information Science And Technology, ISSN 1532-2882, E-ISSN 1532-2890, Vol. 61, no 7, p. 1424-1439Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Discounted Cumulated Impact (DCI) index has recently been proposed for research evaluation. In the present work an earlier dataset by Cronin and Meho (2007) is reanalyzed, with the aim of exemplifying the salient features of the DCI index. We apply the index on, and compare our results to, the outcomes of the Cronin-Meho (2007) study. Both authors and their top publications are used as units of analysis, which suggests that, by adjusting the parameters of evaluation according to the needs of research evaluation, the DCI index delivers data on an author's (or publication's) "lifetime" impact or current impact at the time of evaluation on an author's (or publication's) capability of inviting citations from highly cited later publications as an indication of impact, and on the relative impact across a set of authors (or publications) over their "lifetime" or currently.

  • 22.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    School of Education and Communication in Engineering Sciences (ECE), KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Pagin, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Persson, Olle
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen..
    Svedberg, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Bibliometric analysis of two subdomains in philosophy: free will and sorites2015In: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 103, no 1, p. 47-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we tested the fruitfulness of advanced bibliometric methods for mapping subdomains in philosophy. The development of the number of publications on free will and sorites, the two subdomains treated in the study, over time was studied. We applied the cocitation approach to map the most cited publications, authors and journals, and we mapped frequently occurring terms, using a term co-occurrence approach. Both subdomains show a strong increase of publications in Web of Science. When we decomposed the publications by faculty, we could see an increase of free will publications also in social sciences, medicine and natural sciences. The multidisciplinary character of free will research was reflected in the cocitation analysis and in the term co-occurrence analysis: we found clusters/groups of cocited publications, authors and journals, and of co-occurring terms, representing philosophy as well as non-philosophical fields, such as neuroscience and physics. The corresponding analyses of sorites publications displayed a structure consisting of research themes rather than fields. All in all, both philosophers involved in this study acknowledge the validity of the various networks presented. Bibliometric mapping appears to provide an interesting tool for describing the cognitive orientation of a research field, not only in the natural and life sciences but also in philosophy, which this study shows.

  • 23.
    Ahlin, Josefine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies.
    Går det att sälja kläder via Facebook?: En fallstudie som undersöker ett företags möjligheter att använda sig av sociala medier i marknadsföringssyfte2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelor thesis is a case study that explores the possibilities and complications to use social media in marketing purposes. The case involves a company that sells garments for men. The company, named Mouli, has decided to use social media as their marketing platform. The company makes an interesting case, since they are still quite new on the market and have all the possibilities to succeed.

    The purpose for the thesis is to examine Mouli’s use of marketing in social media and to evaluate what could be done to amend the communication. The purpose is also to discuss and reflect certain effects that the company is exposed to when using these media channels. These questions has been subject throughout the thesis:

    1. Description of Mouli’s communication, what is said and how is it presented?
    2. How well is Mouli’s brand with its core values presented in their communication?
    3. What kind of expectations is there and what significance does the communication in the social media have for the company?

    The thesis is based on theories from marketing communication, such as the concepts brand, core values, superior value, brand image, brand identity and storytelling. These theories have been applied to the theories about communication on the web and social media.

    This case study was accomplished with qualitative analysis and interviews. The method being used was Kozinets´ nethnography, together with Roman Jakobson’s communication model and picture analysis based on Barthes theories.

    The results showed that Mouli’s communication functioned and it was well connected to the brand with its core values. The setback is that Mouli does not use the social media channels to their full potential and therefore there are measures that have to be executed.

  • 24. Ahlström, Christer
    et al.
    Anund, Anna
    Fors, Carina
    Åkerstedt, Torbjörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Effects of the road environment on the development of driver sleepiness in young male drivers2018In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 112, p. 127-134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Latent driver sleepiness may in some cases be masked by for example social interaction, stress and physical activity. This short-term modulation of sleepiness may also result from environmental factors, such as when driving in stimulating environments. The aim of this study is to compare two road environments and investigate how they affect driver sleepiness. Thirty young male drivers participated in a driving simulator experiment where they drove two scenarios: a rural environment with winding roads and low traffic density, and a suburban road with higher traffic density and a more built-up roadside environment. The driving task was essentially the same in both scenarios, i.e. to stay on the road, without much interaction with other road users. A 2 x 2 design, with the conditions rural versus suburban, and daytime (full sleep) versus night-time (sleep deprived), was used. The results show that there were only minor effects of the road environment on subjective and physiological indicators of sleepiness. In contrast, there was an increase in subjective sleepiness, longer blink durations and increased EEG alpha content, both due to time on task and to night-time driving. The two road environments differed both in terms of the demand on driver action and of visual load, and the results indicate that action demand is the more important of the two factors. The notion that driver fatigue should be countered in a more stimulating visual environment such as in the city is thus more likely due to increased task demand rather than to a richer visual scenery. This should be investigated in further studies.

  • 25. Ahmed, N
    et al.
    Troell, Max
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Allison, E.H.
    Muir, J.F.
    Prawn postlarvae fishing in coastal Bangladesh: Challenges for sustainable livelihoods2010In: Marine Policy, ISSN 0308-597X, E-ISSN 1872-9460, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 218-227Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fishing for prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) postlarvae is a major contributor to the livelihoods of the coastal poor in Bangladesh, including women. A study of coastal livelihoods along the lower Pasur River in southwest Bangladesh indicates that on average 40% of total annual income comes from postlarvae fishing during the few months involved. However, indiscriminate fishing of wild postlarvae, with high levels of by-catch, has an impact on biodiversity in coastal ecosystems. This has provoked imposition of restrictions on postlarvae collection. The ban has, however, not been firmly enforced because of the lack of alternative livelihoods for coastal poor. A conceptual framework, drawn from an approach to poverty reduction known as the sustainable livelihoods approach, is applied to understanding the role of prawn postlarvae fishing. Evidence from this study suggests that postlarvae fishers faced a number of livelihood constraints, including poor livelihood assets. This paper concludes that wider livelihood options need to be found for postlarvae fishers to support their livelihoods.

  • 26.
    Ahrne, Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Arbete utan organisation, organisation utan arbete2015In: Tankar om arbete: 17 texter om arbete, arbetsliv och samhällsförändring / [ed] Ann Ch. Bergman, Gunnar Gillberg, Lars Ivarsson, Stockholm: Premiss förlag, 2015, p. 258-273Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Ahrne, Göran
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Brunsson, Nils
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE). Uppsala universitet, Sweden.
    The travel of organization2013In: Global Themes and Local Variations in Organization and Management: Perspectives on Glocalization / [ed] Gili S. Drori, Markus A. Höllerer, Peter Walgenbach, New York: Routledge, 2013, p. 39-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    al Rawaf, Rawaf
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Social-Ecological Urbanism: Lessons in Design from the Albano Resilient Campus2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Currently there is a demand for practical ways to integrate ecological insights into practices of design, which previously have lacked a substantive empirical basis. In the process of developing the Albano Resilient Campus, a transdisciplinary group of ecologists, design scholars, and architects pioneered a conceptual innovation, and a new paradigm of urban sustainability and development: Social-Ecological Urbanism.  Social-Ecological Urbanism is based on the frameworks of Ecosystem Services and Resilience thinking. This approach has created novel ideas with interesting repercussions for the international debate on sustainable urban development. From a discourse point of view, the concept of SEU can be seen as a next evolutionary step for sustainable urbanism paradigms, since it develops synergies between ecological and socio-technical systems. This case study collects ‘best practices’ that can lay a foundational platform for learning, innovation, partnership and trust building within the field of urban sustainability. It also bridges gaps in existing design approaches, such as Projective Ecologies and Design Thinking, with respect to a design methodology with its basis firmly rooted in Ecology.

  • 29.
    Alberti, Benjamin
    et al.
    Framingham State University, USA.
    Back Danielsson, Ing-Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Gender, Feminist, and Queer Archaeologies: USA Perspective2014In: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology / [ed] Claire Smith, New York: Springer-Verlag New York, 2014, p. 2988-2997Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This entry presents a brief history of the emergence of feminism, gender, and queer in North American archaeology, which, along with the United Kingdom and Scandinavia to a lesser degree, represents the geographic origin and center of such work. The key concepts as used by archaeologists are defined; the relationship among them is explored and shown to be both problematic and productive. The place of feminism, gender, and queer within North American archaeology today is characterized and, finally, likely avenues of future research are suggested. The greatest impact of feminist, gender, and queer archaeologies has been on the authority of positivist approaches, the objectivity of interpretation, equity issues within the profession, collaborative knowledge making, and the understanding of key archaeological interpretive concepts.

  • 30.
    Alexius, Susanna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Segnestam Larsson, Ola
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE). Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Sweden.
    Market Means to Mission Ends: Scrutinizing the Social Meaning of Money in a Hybrid Organization2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Alexius, Susanna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Segnestam Larsson, Ola
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Vad har ni för värden på kontot?2017In: Kurage, ISSN 2001-175XArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Kan en organisations olika intäkter användas till samma saker? Eller är det skillnad på en medlemsavgift och ett testamente? Eller ett offentligt bidrag? Ledare i organisationer verkar värdera olika intäkter på olika sätt och frågan är om en krona alltid är en krona. Forskarna Susanna Alexius och Ola Segnestam Larsson funderar på om pengar har olika värden.

  • 32.
    Allodi Westling, Mara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Emerging themes in the meeting between teachers and parents: when the children have special needs disabilites or are at risk2011In: Educazione familiare e servizi per l'infanzia: Education familiale et services pour l'enfance. XIII Congresso Internazionale. Firenze, 17-19 novembre 2010 / [ed] Catarsi, Enzo; Pourtois, Jean Pierre, Firenze: Firenze University Press , 2011, p. 99-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Relations characterised by collaboration and alliance between staff and parents of children with particular needs, experiencing developmental challenges or disabilities are necessary conditions of a favourable educational situation. Several studies testimony the protective role of positive educational experiences for children at risk, but the educational experiences of these children are not always satisfactory and propitious for their future development. Studies on the experiences of the meetings between parents and educational staff describe which difficulties may arise in the form of conflicts, communication problems, loss of trust and reciprocal devaluation and critique. The meetings between families and the services are not just personal encounters; they are also influenced by the characteristics and structures of the surrounding educational context. The themes emerging from several studies can be related for instance to the fight for the support and the resources, and to the definition of the child’s needs, potential and of what is the best for the child. The analysis and reflection on these themes and their motives should help the teachers to understand and prevent these risks, changing the responses to the parents adequately.

  • 33.
    Allodi Westling, Mara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Goals and values in school: A model developed for describing, evaluating and changing the social climate of learning environments2010In: Social Psychology of Education, ISSN 1381-2890, E-ISSN 1573-1928, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 207-235Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper defines a broad model of the psychosocial climate in educational settings. The model was developed from a general theory of learning environments, on a theory of human values and on empirical studies of children's evaluations of their schools. The contents of the model are creativity, stimulation, achievement, self-efficacy, creativity, safety, control, helpfulness, participation, responsibility and influence; they are hypothesised to be structured in a circular model. The contents are defined and related to existing theories and research in education, special education, educational psychology and sociology, on the basis of reviews of literature. The model underlies the Goals, Attitudes and Values in School questionnaire, developed to assess the characteristics ofeducational settings. The model can be a practical tool in understanding and appreciating differences between learning environments in research and assessment and it could represent a guideline for interventions aimed to analyse and improve the social climate of learning environments.

  • 34.
    Allodi Westling, Mara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Lärarens val: att göra motstånd mot en förtryckande organisation eller mot elever som inte passar in2010In: Pedagogik som motstånd / [ed] Gunilla Alba & Ylva Wibaeus, Stockholm: Svenska Korczaksällskapet , 2010, 1, p. 77-84Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att få möjlighet att utbilda sig är en grundläggande mänsklig rättighet. Skolan ska bidra till att barnets personlighet samt fysiska och mentala förmågor utvecklas till dess fulla potential. Men när är skolan verkligen en rättighet och när blir den i stället en belastning för barnet? Kapitlet analyserar villkoren för att utbildningen ska upplevas som en rättighet av alla elever och hinder som finns på vägen dit, samt reflekterar kring vad det kan innebära för lärarna att välja att ta ansvar för sina elever.

  • 35.
    Allodi Westling, Mara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Perché dare voce alle esperienze dei bambini a scuola e perché no: Motivi e sfide per la ricerca pedagogica2009In: Infanzia Rivista di studi ed esperienze sull'educazione 0-6, ISSN 0390-2420, Vol. 1, no 4, p. 269-272Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Educational research is concerned with the observation and understanding of the experiences of children. Listening to the voices of children is a necessary enterprise in educational research. However, the practice of this activity is connected with obstacles and challenges. This paper describes the nature of some of these difficulties and identify the need of self-reflection.

  • 36.
    Allodi Westling, Mara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    The experiences of mental health and well-being of Swedish children and youth with a focus on educational situations: Some results and reflections from a review of qualitative studies2010In: Trender i barns och ungdomars psykiska hälsa: Program & abstracts 12-14 april 2010, Stockholm: Kungliga vetenskapsakademien , 2010, p. 17-18Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The practice of including in reviews people’s experiences and perceptions, which are collected with non-experimental and qualitative studies, has been developed recently in the field of mental health studies. These approaches and methodologies have inspired the review of research on Swedish children and adolescents experiences of mental health and well being, with a focus on their educational situation, that was conducted as a part of a systematic review of research on School Learning and Mental health, performed by appointment of the Royal Academy of Sciences. The aim of the review was to gather testimonies that can give indications of the experiences of mental health and well being in this specific context. The results from the studies that were relevant for the aims of the review are structured in four themes: general views, protective factors, risk factors, individual factors. They are presented in a narrative synthesis, giving a particular weight to the direct and indirect report of children’s and adolescents’ own views. The adolescents defined mental health as emotional experiences, seen both as internal feelings and as relational feelings. Family, friends and educational environments as social and physical environments were perceived as determinants of mental health. A great number of feelings were related to school, both related to satisfaction and pain, in particular when the school attendance is presented as an obligation. Harassment and rejection at school, performance stress, worries about grades and future prospects could be threats against self-worth and self-esteem, while teachers that do not care could generate negative experiences. Various kind of stress could be described and various strategies to resist stressful situations: for instance emotional support, safety and involvement. The educational environments can be an arena for social, cognitive and emotional experiences, relationships and accomplishments that are enriching the individuals and increase their well being. General structural characteristics of the educational environments may also affect well being in different directions: performance, evaluation and feedback, freedom of choice and responsibility for the future may be perceived as a burden. The following reflections can be made: the experiences of children and adolescents change when they grow older, go through developmental processes and encounter different educational situations; the studies reporting views of younger children on the matters of this review were less well represented; the negative experiences may be expressed in rather cautious and non dramatic terms by younger children; there are unique contribution of the review of qualitative studies, but also several interesting correspondences with the results of the review of quantitative studies.

  • 37.
    Alm, Susanne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Dreams meeting reality? A gendered perspective on the relationship between occupational preferences in early adolescence and actual occupation in adulthood2015In: Journal of Youth Studies, ISSN 1367-6261, E-ISSN 1469-9680, Vol. 18, no 8, p. 1077-1095Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On the basis of longitudinal data from Sweden (n = 15,211), the article offers a gendered perspective on the relationship between occupational preferences during early adolescence and actual occupations in adulthood. Theoretically the study is based on socialisation theory and devaluation theory. The analyses show that preferences for one's future occupation were stronger among those who came to make gender-typical choices, than among those who chose a gender-atypical occupation. However, a gender difference was also found in that girls who came to choose a male dominated occupation showed a stronger preference for their future occupation in adolescence, than boys who came to choose a female dominated occupation. Results also showed that at a general level, the occupations in adulthood were even more gender segregated than the preferences in adolescence. This was particularly true for girls, who in adolescence expressed a stronger preference to work in a male dominated occupations, than they would later actually do.

  • 38.
    Alm, Susanne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Ungas framtidstro2014In: Den långa vägen till arbetsmarknaden: om unga utanför / [ed] Jonas Olofsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 1, p. 297-309Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Alm, Susanne
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Brolin Låftman, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
    The gendered mirror on the wall: Satisfaction with physical appearance and its relationship to global self-esteem and psychosomatic complaints among adolescent boys and girls2017In: Young - Nordic Journal of Youth Research, ISSN 1103-3088, E-ISSN 1741-3222, Vol. 26, no 5, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study investigated gender differences in satisfaction with physical appearance as a domain-specific aspect of self-esteem, and its association with global self-esteem and psychosomatic complaints. The data used was from the Stockholm School Survey, conducted among ninth grade students (15–16 years), with pooled information from six cross-sectional surveys in 2004–2014 (n = 32,117). Girls reported lower satisfaction with their appearance than boys. Satisfaction with appearance was more strongly associated with global self-esteem among girls, while the association with psychosomatic complaints was similar for both genders. There was a tendency towards a decline in satisfaction with appearance at the end of the study period for both genders, albeit more strong for girls. We conclude that satisfaction with appearance may contribute to our understanding of poor mental well-being among adolescent girls.

  • 40.
    Almgren, Emma
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, Comparative Religion and Gender Studies.
    Flashback eller Backlash?: En strukturanalys av genusordningen i J.R.R Tolkiens och Peter Jacksons Lord of the Rings2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 41.
    Alnevall, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies.
    Fortunes of Feminism: From State-Managed Capitalism to Neoliberal Crisis: Fraser's Feminism in Three Acts: Women's Liberation, Identity Politics and Anti-Capitalism2014In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 338-340Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Amanda, Bergvall
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    Det ska vara roligt, varierande och mindre asfalt: En uppsats om vad barns inflytande och delaktighet kan tillföra i samhällsplaneringen2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan FN:s konvention om barns rättigheter har barns inflytande och delaktighet i samhällsplaneringen stärkts i de frågor som rör barnet. Konventionen hävdar att det är barnens rätt att bilda och uttrycka sina egna åsikter samt att dessa ska respekteras och tas på allvar. Forskningen har genom flera studier kunnat konstatera att barns deltagande är ovärderligt i de frågor som berör dem men att projekt sällan vet hur man ska gå tillväga för att lyckas uppnå ett verkligt inflytande för barnen. I min uppsats undersöker jag hur barnperspektivet behandlas i planeringen och vid utformningen av staden med fokus på vad barnen kan tillföra samt varför det är viktigt med barnperspektivet.  Jag har tillsammans med en grundskoleklass undersökt olika metoder och tillvägagångssätt där barnen fått möjligheten att uttrycka sina tankar och idéer kring sin närmiljö på ett varierat och kreativt sätt. Resultatet i min studie visar att barns perspektiv är komplexa men att de tillför ett unikt och nyskapande kunskapsunderlag som inte kan åstadkommas utan barnen. Barnens bidrag kan vidare användas tillsammans med övrigt material vid utformning och bearbetning av planer och program. Samtidigt visar resultatet att barn inte får tillräckligt med utrymme att faktiskt påverka planeringen vilket framförallt anses bero på för lite kunskap och erfarenhet kring hur arbetet med barn ska tillämpas.     

     

     

    Nyckelord: Barn, barnperspektiv, barns perspektiv, inflytande, delaktighet, samhällsplanering

  • 43.
    Ambjörnsson, Fanny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Center for Gender Studies.
    Den rosa färgen: symbol som väcker känslor2009In: Centrum med många riktningar : vänbok till Gunilla Bjerén. / [ed] Birgitta Ney, Stockholm: Centrum för genusstudier, Stockholms universitet , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Ambjörnsson, Fanny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies, Centre for the study of children's culture.
    En säker plats: Alternativa familjer, relationsanarki och flersamhet bland unga queeraktivister2010In: Barnets familjer ur barnkulturella perspektiv / [ed] Anne Banér, Stockholm: Centrum för barnkulturforskning vid Stockholms universitet , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Ambjörnsson, Fanny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    I en klass för sig: Genus, klass och sexualitet bland gymnasietjejer2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Samhällsvetenskaplig forskning har på senare år börjat uppmärksamma unga kvinnor, som tidigare fört en undanskymd tillvaro i skuggan av de unga männen. Syftet med denna avhandling är att, delvis i linje med denna forskning, undersöka hur tjejer i en svensk gymnasieskola skapar genus. Fokus ligger på hur genusskapande alltid sker i samverkan med andra strukturerande principer, såsom klass, sexualitet och etnicitet. Den empiriska utgångspunkten är ett trettiotal tjejer mellan 16 och 18 år på två skilda gymnasieprogram, Samhällsveteskapsprogrammet och Barn- och Fritidsprogrammet. Genom att undersöka hur dessa tjejer förhåller sig till föreställningar om hur man ska vara som tjej, illustreras hur den normativa femininiteten – såväl som deras sätt att hantera denna - måste förstås mot bakgrund av tjejernas skilda klasstillhörigheter. Likaså visar empirin hur det feminina idealet är otvetydigt heterosexuellt. Som en röd tråd genom avhandlingen löper därför en problematisering av de idéer, påbud och sanktioner som säger att det är heterosexuell man ska vara som tjej, inget annat. Genom att kartlägga olika beståndsdelar i den heteronormativa genusordningen, synliggörs hur heteronormativiteten premierar vissa relationer framför andra; hur man som tjej förväntas vara både heterosexuell och homosocial enligt vissa specifika mönster. Omvänt kommer homosociala och heterosexuella relationsmönster att generera två genusmässiga motpoler, killar och tjejer. I avhandlingen undersöks även hur den enskilda kroppen fungerar både som symbol och redskap i skapandet av det heterosexuella kvinnoidealet; hur imperativet att göra kroppen ”naturligt kvinnlig” tycks centralt för tjejernas uppfattning om sig själva och varandra som normala. Föreställningar om normalitet och den normala tjejen är också det raster genom vilket processerna av genusskapande iscensätts. Denna normalitet formuleras till stora delar genom olika utpekade motpoler, det tänkt onormala och stereotypa. Genom att bestämma vissa positioner som mer stereotypa än andra, kommer tjejerna att presentera sig själva som fria och självständiga individer. Med utgångspunkt i tre av de positioner som återkommande skapas som just avvikande och icke-önskvärda – horan, den lesbiska och invandraren – åskådliggörs hur den normativa femininitet tjejerna förhåller sig till, iscensätter och i vissa fall utmanar är en heterosexuell, vit och medelklassbaserad sådan. Vidare diskuteras hur imperativet att vara en fri och obegränsad individ - något som genomsyrar såväl skolvärlden som det övriga samhället – enklast tycks uppnås genom ett förkroppsligande av normen. Därigenom synliggörs hur den förment neutrala uppmaningen att ”vara sig själv” blir mer möjlig för vissa än för andra.

  • 46.
    Ambjörnsson, Fanny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    I linje med samtiden och samtidigt i otakt2015In: Respons : recensionstidskrift för humaniora & samhällsvetenskap, ISSN 2001-2292, no 3Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Yvonne Hirdman introducerade genusbegreppet i svensk feministisk forskning och blev Sveriges första professor i genushistoria. I självbiografin Medan jag var ung skriver hon om hur vägen fram till raketkarriären inom akademin varit allt annat än rak. Hirdmans så kallade ”egohistoria” är fascinerande och underhållande läsning om hur 70-talets kvinnorörelse intog universitetsvärlden, men beskrivningarna av dagens feministiska forskning är lättvindig och raljant.

  • 47.
    Ambjörnsson, Fanny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    I tid, ur spår, i otakt: reflektioner över temporalitet, genus och sexualitet2013In: YMER, ISSN 0044-0447Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Ambjörnsson, Fanny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    "Jag skiter väl i vad dom tycker" - om nya utmaningar i öppenhetens decennium.  2011In: Den moderna homofobin / [ed] Eva Borgström, Finland: Charlie by Kabusa , 2011, 1, p. 70-90Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Ambjörnsson, Fanny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Mångtydiga kvinnorerfarenheter från hemmet: Lena Marander-Eklund, att vara hemma och fru2015In: Finsk tidskrift : kultur, ekonomi, politik, ISSN 0015-248X, no 5, p. 74-77Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Ambjörnsson, Fanny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Plötsligt blir min klädsel livsviktig: Krönika av Fanny Ambjörnsson om hur färg och makt hänger samman2013In: Curie - en tidskrift från Vetenskapsrådet, ISSN 2001-3426Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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