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  • 1.
    Abdel-Fattah, Dina
    et al.
    UiT – The Arctic University of Norway, Norway; University of Alaska Fairbanks, USA.
    Danielson, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Austria.
    Ekenberg, Love
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Austria.
    Hock, Regine
    University of Alaska Fairbanks, USA; University of Oslo, Norway.
    Trainor, Sarah
    University of Alaska Fairbanks, USA.
    Application of a structured decision-making process in cryospheric hazard planning: Case study of Bering Glacier surges on local state planning in Alaska2024In: Journal of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis, ISSN 1057-9214, E-ISSN 1099-1360, Vol. 31, no 1-2, article id e1825Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Surging glaciers are glaciers that experience rapidly accelerated glacier flow over a comparatively short period of time. Though relatively rare worldwide, Alaska is home to the largest number of surge-type glaciers globally. However, their impact on the broader socioecological system in the state is both poorly understood and under-researched, which poses a challenge in developing appropriate sustainability decisions in Alaska. We investigated how the surge patterns of the Bering Glacier in Alaska have potentially devastating effects on the local ecological biodiversity of its watershed via a structured decision-making analysis of the different possible consequences. Specifically, this analysis was conducted to explore the various outcomes of a Bering Glacier surge particularly if humans have an increased presence near the glacier due to the area potentially becoming a state park. This work explored the benefits of applying a risk and decision analytical framework in a cryosphere context, to better understand the socioeconomic impact of glacier surges. This is a novel approach in which a decision analysis tool was used to better understand an environmental sustainability challenge, offering an innovative method to support the achievement of the United Nations Sustainability Development Goals in Alaska. We therefore emphasise the need for integrated biophysical and socioeconomic analyses when it comes to understanding glacier hazards. Our research highlights the importance of understanding and researching biophysical changes as well as using a structured decision-making process for complicated hazard planning scenarios, exemplified via glaciated regions in Alaska, in order to create adaptation strategies that are sustainable and encompass the range of possible outcomes.

  • 2.
    Abdelmoez, Joel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies, Middle Eastern Studies.
    “The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Sends its Condolences”: Rhetorical criticism of Saudi Arabian governmental authorities’ social media responses to foreign acts of terror and violence2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims at exploring the rhetorical processes underpinning condolences, as expressed by Saudi Arabian governmental authorities on social media, with a focus on Twitter. Taking its starting point in January of 2015, when the Charlie Hebdo shooting took place in Paris, this study looks comparatively at several acts of terror in order to answer whether these different attacks elicited different responses, and if so, what knowledge can be drawn from this conclusion. Furthermore, this study examines the role of social media in public diplomacy, and in the production and distribution of political discourse, especially as it relates to statements of condolences and expressions of solidarity mediated through twitter. In order to explore this, rhetorical criticism (Mral 2008; Foss 2004; Peirce 2003) is combined with pentadic criticism (Burke 1945) and performativity theory (Rosenberg 2018; Zivi 2016; Gregson and Rose 2014) to form the methodology. A key theoretical concept in this study is “grievability,” which aims at understanding why some deaths are grieved and others are not (Butler 2009; Butler 2004; Butler 2003). As this study shows, mourning itself can be understood as rhetoric, serving political and diplomatic functions rather than being an expression of actual, sincere solidarity or grief. This study also shows that tweets from official government sources can be seen as a performance of public diplomacy, and as performative of the official’s own position. Lastly, it is argued that offering condolences are a way to purchase “humanitarian capital,” which is becoming increasingly important in global politics.

  • 3.
    Abdul Baten, Mohammed
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Property rights in mangroves: A case study of the Mahakam Delta, East Kalimantan, Indonesia2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mangroves represent an important source of livelihood for many poor people acrossthe world. However, insufficient policy responses relating to mangrove conservation,combined with the lack of clearly defined property rights contribute extensively to theconversion of mangroves to alternative uses, in particular shrimp aquaculture. On thebasis of relevant theoretical perspectives on property rights, this Master’s thesisanalyses various formal and informal institutions and existing governancemechanisms that determine natural resources management in the Mahakam delta, EastKalimantan, Indonesia. By employing a qualitative participatory research approachthe case study explores how different institutions in Indonesia shape the local propertyrights regime in mangroves. The results show that the interplay between formal andinformal institutions involved in defining property rights, along with the lack ofcoordination among responsible government agencies, has resulted in the clearing ofone of the largest Nypah forests in the world for shrimp pond construction withinthree decades. Moreover, the study suggests that the current problem of mangrovedestruction will not be solved merely by declaring the Mahakam delta as a protectedarea or by assigning full ownership rights to the local people. On the contrary, thestudy suggests that the coordination and enforcement mechanisms should be enhancedin such ways that they simultaneously address both local peoples’ needs as well asecosystem integrity.

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  • 4.
    Acerbi, Alberto
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for the Study of Cultural Evolution. University of Bristol, United Kingdom.
    Lampos, Vasileios
    Garnett, Philip
    Bentley, R. Alexander
    The Expression of Emotions in 20th Century Books2013In: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, no 3, article id e59030Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report here trends in the usage of mood words, that is, words carrying emotional content, in 20th century English language books, using the data set provided by Google that includes word frequencies in roughly 4% of all books published up to the year 2008. We find evidence for distinct historical periods of positive and negative moods, underlain by a general decrease in the use of emotion-related words through time. Finally, we show that, in books, American English has become decidedly more emotional than British English in the last half-century, as a part of a more general increase of the stylistic divergence between the two variants of English language.

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  • 5.
    Adami, Rebecca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. SOAS University of London, United Kingdom.
    International welfare feminism: CSW navigating cold war tensions 19492022In: Women and the UN: A New History of Women's International Human Rights / [ed] Rebecca Adami; Dan Plesch, New York and London: Routledge, 2022, p. 55-70Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores the alliances and conflicts between different feminist and socialist fractions within the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) and the international organizations with representatives at its third session in Beirut, Lebanon in 1949. In the meetings of the CSW, the early Cold War tensions both hindered and foregrounded not only the rights of working women in the West but the comparatively rights-less status of women workers in colonial territories. Among the human rights advanced by international welfare feminism in 1949 included the important notion of equal pay for women. The CSW heralded increased dissent between different position-holders on women’s right to equal pay in a time when millions of women had been laid off following the Second World War but these tensions should not be reduced to East-West ideological battles alone. This chapter situates the year that followed the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) relative to international welfare feminist history.

  • 6.
    Adami, Rebecca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    The Critical Potential of Using Counter Narratives in Human Rights Education2018In: Critical Human Rights, Citizenship, and Democracy Education: Entanglements and Regenerations / [ed] Michalinos Zembylas, André Keet, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Adami, Rebecca
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. SOAS University of London, United Kingdom.
    Plesch, Dan
    Women and the UN: A New History of Women's International Human Rights2021Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book provides a critical history of influential women in the United Nations and seeks to inspire empowerment with role models from bygone eras.

    The women whose voices this book presents helped shape UN conventions, declarations, and policies with relevance to the international human rights of women throughout the world today. From the founding of the UN up until the Latin American feminist movements that pushed for gender equality in the UN Charter, and the Security Council Resolutions on the role of women in peace and conflict, the volume reflects on how women delegates from different parts of the world have negotiated and disagreed on human rights issues related to gender within the UN throughout time. In doing so it sheds new light on how these hidden historical narratives enrich theoretical studies in international relations and global agency today. In view of contemporary feminist and postmodern critiques of the origin of human rights, uncovering women’s history of the United Nations from both Southern and Western perspectives allows us to consider questions of feminism and agency in international relations afresh.

  • 8.
    Adami, Rebecca
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. SOAS University of London, United Kingdom.
    Plesch, Dan
    Acharya, Amitav
    Commentary: The restorative archeology of knowledge about the role of women in the history of the UN – Theoretical implications for international relations2022In: Women and the UN: A New History of Women's International Human Rights / [ed] Rebecca Adami; Dan Plesch, New York and London: Routledge, 2022, p. 161-168Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of women in the history of the United Nations should be seen in the context of emerging and re-emerging debates in International History and International Relations. A cartoon of the problem characterizes international history as lacking in theoretical self-consciousness and fearful of the contamination of contemporary relevance to policy and social practice. International Relations on the other hand is beset by increasingly reified theories distant from empiricism. The role of international feminism during the early Cold War period has been simplified in earlier accounts as mired in dichotomies obscuring links between welfarism and feminism on the one hand and internationalism and feminism on the other. One of the important insights of the emerging literature on global governance and multilateralism is what Acharya has called the “pluralization of agency”. Agency should not be equated with states, or organized non-state actors, but also individual women and men.

  • 9.
    Adams Lyngbäck, Liz
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Mia, Larsdotter
    Certec - Rehabiliteringsteknik och Design, Lunds universitet.
    Paul, Enni
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Language Education.
    New barriers and new possibilities: Confronting language inaccessibility in and around a pandemic2021In: Accessibility Denied. Understanding Inaccessibility and Everyday Resistance to Inclusion for Persons with Disabilities / [ed] Hanna Egard, Kristofer Hansson, David Wästerfors, Routledge, 2021, p. 140-155Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter presents three cases of language inaccessibility during the COVID-19 pandemic. Using the concepts of linguicism, ableism and audism we will examine and discuss: (1) how ideas about ability lead to (re)-oppression, (2) when and how changes reversing language inaccessibility can come about, and (3) how oppression, once it is known, still doesn’t change practices. Ethnographic and netnographic observations of and from within activist and non-governmental groups have been employed to collect data for three cases of how the deaf, the hard-of-hearing, and people with cognitive disabilities were affected by the pandemic. The results reveal (re)formation of obstacles to education when moved online, blocked access to vital healthcare information due to institutionalised language inaccessibility and how activist, non-governmental groups and stakeholders themselves, in coalition, overcame some of the barriers through activism which taught others about their own vulnerability.

  • 10.
    af Björksten, Stefanie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies, The Centre for the Studies of Children's Culture.
    ”YouTube är allt!": En kvalitativ undersökning om barns upplevelser av Youtube som social och kulturell plattform2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study has been to investigate why children spend time on Youtube. The study tries to answer the question why by taking part of childrens thoughts on Youtube as a digital room and what kind of feelings and emotions they experience while spending time there. The study shows that the informants spend time on Youtube to learn things they themselves think of as useful and interesting, in an enjoyful way and together with others with whom they have a shared interest. The study also shows that the informants spend time on Youtube in order to experience strong feelings, both ’negative’ and ’positive’, and that many of these ’negative’ feelings are experienced to have a positive effect. The informants also spend time on Youtube because it is experienced as a safe ’place of their own’ and as a world free from adult norms and values. On Youtube children get to experience feelings and take part of information and perspectives that normally aren´t available to them on platforms specifically aimed at children. In the digital room Youtube, children’s content flow is defined by children´s needs and interests, not their age. Spending time on Youtube therefore gives children a possibility, if only for a short moment of time, to experience how it feels to not first and foremost be a child. Finally the study shows that Youtube is an important part of many children´s daily lives and a shared platform for discussion topics between peers. It is also a place that encourages both activity and creativity instead of only passive media consumption.

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  • 11.
    Ahammad, Ronju
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Understanding institutional changes for reducing vulnerability to landslides in Chittagong City, Bangladesh2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ineffective hill management policy at the national level and weak enforcement by thelocal authorities has created space for developing many informal settlements alonglandslide prone hillslopes in Chittagong city, Bangladesh. These settlements areconsidered illegal by the formal authorities, the settlers perceive their presence inthose areas as legal occupants, which have caused land tenure conflicts with formalauthorities over the last decades. The continual land tenure conflict has weakenedinstitutional arrangement for reducing vulnerability to landslides in the informalsettlements. The thesis paper is prepared based on the findings of a case study on thelandslides which occurred in 2007 in Chittagong city. The fieldwork of the study wascarried out using qualitative tools such as individual interviewing of organisationalrespondents and a focus group interview in Matijarna informal settlement to examinewhat institutional changes have occurred for reducing social vulnerability of informalsettlers to landslides in Chittagong city. The study finds that the institutional changeshave occurred as short-term mitigation policies like establishing structural measuresalong hillslopes for adjustment and relocation of the most vulnerable informal settlers.Anchoring on institutional change theory, the study suggests that new policies mayreduce social vulnerability of informal settlers to landslides through addressing thefollowing issues. First, previous institutional arrangements and how those shapedpresent vulnerability of informal settlers to landslides must be understood. Second,land tenure security of the informal settlers must be well incorporated in currentmitigation policies. Third, organisational coordination should be strengthened fromnational to local level, as well as, between government agencies and otherorganisations like NGOs and civil society to facilitate policy implementation process.

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  • 12. Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Bergmo-Prvulovic, IngelaStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.Kilhammar, Karin
    HR: Att ta tillvara mänskliga resurser2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    School of Education and Communication in Engineering Sciences (ECE), KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Pagin, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Persson, Olle
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen..
    Svedberg, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.
    Bibliometric analysis of two subdomains in philosophy: free will and sorites2015In: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 103, no 1, p. 47-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we tested the fruitfulness of advanced bibliometric methods for mapping subdomains in philosophy. The development of the number of publications on free will and sorites, the two subdomains treated in the study, over time was studied. We applied the cocitation approach to map the most cited publications, authors and journals, and we mapped frequently occurring terms, using a term co-occurrence approach. Both subdomains show a strong increase of publications in Web of Science. When we decomposed the publications by faculty, we could see an increase of free will publications also in social sciences, medicine and natural sciences. The multidisciplinary character of free will research was reflected in the cocitation analysis and in the term co-occurrence analysis: we found clusters/groups of cocited publications, authors and journals, and of co-occurring terms, representing philosophy as well as non-philosophical fields, such as neuroscience and physics. The corresponding analyses of sorites publications displayed a structure consisting of research themes rather than fields. All in all, both philosophers involved in this study acknowledge the validity of the various networks presented. Bibliometric mapping appears to provide an interesting tool for describing the cognitive orientation of a research field, not only in the natural and life sciences but also in philosophy, which this study shows.

  • 14. Ahmed, N
    et al.
    Troell, Max
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Allison, E.H.
    Muir, J.F.
    Prawn postlarvae fishing in coastal Bangladesh: Challenges for sustainable livelihoods2010In: Marine Policy, ISSN 0308-597X, E-ISSN 1872-9460, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 218-227Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fishing for prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) postlarvae is a major contributor to the livelihoods of the coastal poor in Bangladesh, including women. A study of coastal livelihoods along the lower Pasur River in southwest Bangladesh indicates that on average 40% of total annual income comes from postlarvae fishing during the few months involved. However, indiscriminate fishing of wild postlarvae, with high levels of by-catch, has an impact on biodiversity in coastal ecosystems. This has provoked imposition of restrictions on postlarvae collection. The ban has, however, not been firmly enforced because of the lack of alternative livelihoods for coastal poor. A conceptual framework, drawn from an approach to poverty reduction known as the sustainable livelihoods approach, is applied to understanding the role of prawn postlarvae fishing. Evidence from this study suggests that postlarvae fishers faced a number of livelihood constraints, including poor livelihood assets. This paper concludes that wider livelihood options need to be found for postlarvae fishers to support their livelihoods.

  • 15.
    al Rawaf, Rawaf
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Social-Ecological Urbanism: Lessons in Design from the Albano Resilient Campus2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Currently there is a demand for practical ways to integrate ecological insights into practices of design, which previously have lacked a substantive empirical basis. In the process of developing the Albano Resilient Campus, a transdisciplinary group of ecologists, design scholars, and architects pioneered a conceptual innovation, and a new paradigm of urban sustainability and development: Social-Ecological Urbanism.  Social-Ecological Urbanism is based on the frameworks of Ecosystem Services and Resilience thinking. This approach has created novel ideas with interesting repercussions for the international debate on sustainable urban development. From a discourse point of view, the concept of SEU can be seen as a next evolutionary step for sustainable urbanism paradigms, since it develops synergies between ecological and socio-technical systems. This case study collects ‘best practices’ that can lay a foundational platform for learning, innovation, partnership and trust building within the field of urban sustainability. It also bridges gaps in existing design approaches, such as Projective Ecologies and Design Thinking, with respect to a design methodology with its basis firmly rooted in Ecology.

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    Social-Ecological Urbanism - Lessons in Design from the Albano Resilient Campus (Abstract)
  • 16. An, Li
    et al.
    Grimm, Volker
    Sullivan, Abigal
    Turner, B. L. , I I
    Malleson, Nicolas
    Heppenstall, Alison
    Vincenot, Christian
    Robinson, Derek
    Ye, Xinjue
    Liu, Jianguo
    Lindkvist, Emilie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Tang, Wenwu
    Corrigendum to “Challenges, tasks, and opportunities in modeling agent-based complex systems”, Ecological Modeling, 2021, 457: 109,685, page 1–15 (Ecological Modelling (2021) 457, (S030438002100243X), (10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2021.109685))2022In: Ecological Modelling, ISSN 0304-3800, E-ISSN 1872-7026, Vol. 471, article id 110064Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    DOI of original article: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2021.109685. The authors regret that the following references are missing from the original article's online supplementary information: Box, P., 2001. Kenge GIS-CA class template for Swarm. Nat. Resour. Environ. Issues 8, 31–35. Minar, A., Burkhart, R., Langton, C.G., Manor, A., 1996. The Swarm simulation system: A toolkit for building multi-agent simulations (SFI Working paper No. 96- 06–042). Santa Fe Institute, Santa Fe, NM. Wilensky, U., Rand, W., 2015. An introduction to agent-based modeling: modeling natural, social, and engineered complex systems with NetLogo. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA. The authors would like to apologize for any inconvenience caused. 

  • 17.
    Anagrius, Hannes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    The case of Sarafu-credits: Examining how a community currency can contribute to sustainable livelihood in informal settlements2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Residents of informal settlements (slums) are vulnerable to various disturbances; e.g. diseases spreading and fluctuations in food prices and local access to credits. The lack of credits derives from the continuous outflow of money from communities. This study examines a financial innovation called Sarafu-credits (SC) implemented in Kenyan informal settlements by the organization Grassroots Economics (GE). SC is a community currency (CC), more particularly vouchers only used within a network of micro-businesses, which aim to complement scarcity of conventional money. In addition, GE have initiated community activities, e.g. tree planting, trash collection, food gardens and cultural events, where residents can be paid in SC to improve the community socially and environmentally. This study examines the design and practice of SC, and the activities, using mainly semi-structured interviews with SC-network-members and GE key persons, to understand how a CC can contribute to sustainable livelihood. The concepts specified and general resilience are used to understand the links between SC and the various social-ecological disturbances facing slum-dwellers. The results suggest that SC-members who are actively trading with SC are able to increase their sales, savings and access to basic goods and services thanks to SC. The results also suggest the networks and community activities are strengthening social contacts in the neighbourhood, and constitute examples of how a CC can help finance management of local environmental problems, where SC paid for community services also support local trade. The identified challenges are related to local leadership, where trust, communication and consistency of rules are lacking. In one of the networks, the confidence in the usefulness of the currency is lacking, due to these challenges. GE have experimented with different designs where one successful innovation is the ability to exchange SC to conventional money at certain occasions, which seem to strengthen the confidence in SC.

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  • 18.
    Andersen, Camilla Eline
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Mot en mindre profesjonalitet: "Rase", tidlig barndom og Deleuzeoguattariske blivelser2015Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with professionalism in early childhood education in relation to «race» and whiteness in primarily a Norwegian landscape. The overall aim of the study is to investigate how sociomaterial «race»-events can be understood as constitutive of preschool teachers’ subjectivity. The thesis is a theoretical experimentation with strong ties to a real social landscape. One of the main problems that the study evolves around is how «race» is silenced in the dominant discourse contributing to how preschool teachers can create socially just and indiscriminating pedagogical practices in a current «multicultural society». Hence, there seem to be a lack of tools for preschool teachers to think through how «race» might be part of their pedagogical practice in preschools, and how «race» is an important issue to address when working with how to perform pedagogy ethically and politically. More specifically and in a philosophical-theoretical manner, the study explores «white» preschool teachers’ relation to «race». The philosophical-theoretical-methodological conceptual toolbox for the study is mainly constructed from the philosophical work of Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari (1977, 1987). E.g. machinic assemblage, stratification, Body without Organs, nomadic subject, affect, individuation, micropolitics, becoming, actual/virtual and event. The methodological approach is highly inspired by decolonizing-, feminist poststructural- and critical methodologies. However, immersed with Deleuze and Guattaris philosophy of desire, what started out as a poststructural autoethnography transformed into a cartography of «my own» racial becomings in/with an early childhood landscape. The study shows how subjectivity, when understood as produced through sociomaterial «race»-events, offers another understanding of doing professionalism. Further, it offers an alternative understanding of how to create more socially just pedagogical practices in early childhood education.

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    Camilla Eline Andersen PhD
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    Omslagsframsida
  • 19.
    Anderson, Louise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business, Marketing.
    Make a customer, not a sale: A study on customer's perception of loyalty programs2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish food retail industry is one with fierce competition, small product differentiation and increasingly disloyal customers. Consequently in order to create and retain loyal customers many of the stores offer some kind of loyalty schemes. The effectiveness of loyalty programs have been questioned, but it is proposed that in order for a loyalty program to be successful it must offer benefits that are perceived as valuable by customers. Thus the purpose of this qualitative study is to investigate how customers value loyalty programs and how this might affect them in a context where many companies reward their loyal customers. Customer perception of loyalty programs are considered to be grounded in multiple factors such as the design of the loyalty program as well as the competition in the industry. The empirical data was collected through semi-structured interviews with twelve respondents that shopped in a suburban area of Stockholm. The process of the study was influenced by the Grounded theory of method and as coding was used as the method of analysis, three themes related to how customers perceive reward components of loyalty program emerged: Offset of what I give and what I gain, Plan to have control of one’s finances and My perception of value is grounded in me.The findings of the study propose that a customer’s perception of reward components are influenced by what they are offered and by the overall design of the loyalty program. The most significant factor is however the customer self and where she is in life. This is displayed as different customers stated to have different reasons to join a loyalty program, mentioned different reward components as the most valuable one, highlighted different disadvantages as well as perceived the same reward components very differently.

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    Make a customer not a sale
  • 20.
    Andersson, Lars
    Stockholm University, The Stockholm Institute of Education.
    Militärt ledarskap - när det gäller: svenskt militärt ledarskap med fredsfrämjande insatser i fokus2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Since 1996 peacekeeping operations are a high priority for the Swedish Defence Forces. The experiences from these operations will influence the future military lead-ership education and training and the writing of this thesis should be regarded from that perspective. My main purpose is to examine military leadership in order to im-prove the leadership education and training within the Swedish Defence Forces. I have posed three research questions. What important steps have been taken in the develop-ment of leadership within the Swedish Defence Forces during the last century? How does this development of military leadership stand out in relation to the development in other countries? How is military leadership managed in international operations?

    This thesis begins with a survey of the leadership in the Swedish, Norwegian, American, and Israeli armies. The central part comprises studies of two Swedish bat-talions in Bosnia. The leadership in the Swedish Defence Forces has a very good repu-tation, due to the extensive reforms in educational leadership. However, as a military commander it is not sufficient to be a good and successful educator. You are also ex-pected to be able to conduct your unit in peacekeeping operations as well as at war. In general Swedish officers have not had that kind of experience, foremost due to the fact that Sweden has not been in a war for almost 200 years.

    Throughout the case studies I have used a multi-method technique, in which an im-portant part of the method was direct observation. I stayed with a UN-battalion for three months and with another battalion, which was under NATO command, for one month. In the thesis I give an inside perspective of the leadership of the battalions in Bosnia. I illustrate different leadership problems that have appeared throughout my study and describe the environment that the peacekeepers lived and worked in. In the discussion I change focus from the two case studies to the socialization process of the Swedish officers. I relate to the French sociologist Bourdieus´ theoretical concepts when I explain the role-conflict that Swedish officers are facing during international operations. The Swedish Defence College has started a programme to develop leader-ship for the twenty-first century. The biggest challenge is to deal with the general per-spective of the whole organization and its core values in relationship to the role of leadership. Other challenges are the insufficient coordination in the military leadership education and the existing communication problems between different officer groups. I wrap up the thesis with a proposal of a strategy that will help the progression of the Swedish military leadership.

  • 21.
    Andersson, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Läsande flickor: Läspolitik och det genomlysta subjektet2020Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The dissertation explores the multiple shapes of ‘the reading girl’ and how this subject is constructed in reading surveys and assessments during the 1900s and early 2000s. The analysis focuses on mapping the subject's historical constitution by defining specific historical events that have been important in shaping the reading girl as a subject. The study further investigates the shape, boundaries and conditions of the dispositif that produces the subject, and how girls and women relate to and negotiate the boundaries of said dispositif.

    The analysis shows the versions and variations of the reading girl as a subject at different times as well as how the subject become intelligible trough scientific discourses with different interests over the century. Three historical events are identified as important in the shaping of the girl reader: i) The entry and success of a discourse concerned with (healthy) development: the entry of a development-driven logic and the subsequent measurements of children’s and young people’s reading in accordance with this logic, where ideas with moral implications affect the perceptions of girls’ reading interests; ii) the entry and success of a discourse concerned with (good) habits: the entry of a definition of healthy reading habits in terms of quantity and the perception of reading as something natural and necessary; and iii) the entry and success of a discourse concerned with cognitive development: the unification of the two above-mentioned discourses (development and habits) within a cognitive and neuroscientific framework, including a scientific objectification of the concept reading literacy 

    The analysis further shows how the girl reader subject is formed based on the disciplinary and regulating practices of the reading surveys and how these surveys demonstrate understandings of ideal citizenship. The dispositif that is outlined in the dissertation points to a tendency in reading discourses to quantify and measure reading rather than to focus its qualitative aspects. This type of measuring of reading is motivated by the various scientific practices that have guided knowledge production on young people's reading interests, habits and abilities over the course of the studied period. The last chapter of the dissertation explores girls’ and women’s written stories about their reading experiences, attained from the archive at Nordiska museet (The Swedish museum of cultural history). This final empirical analysis shows the normative dimensions of the dispositif, but also how reading girls are, through the practice of reading, able to hide from the demands of transparency stipulated by surveys and examinations.

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  • 22.
    Andersson Tallec, Nina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies, The Centre for the Studies of Children's Culture.
    BARNS TANKAR OM LYCKA: En kvalitativ undersökning av barns subjektiva uppfattning om lycka2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att undersöka vad lycka är och betyder för barn, enligt hypotesen att lyckan tenderar vara en central del i livet, där barns föreställningar kan tänkas ligga närmre psykologernas uppfattningar om lycka än filosofernas, då dessa de senares uppfattningar är mer komplicerade och mångdimensionella. Ansatsen är att jämföra barns uttalanden med forskningsrön kring lycka. Studien har sin utgångspunkt i ett filosofiskt frågeställande förhållningssätt, med den positiva psykologin som ram. Undersökningen presenteras i form av en deskriptiv studie av 121 barns reflektioner kring lycka. Den är huvudsakligen disponerad kring tre centrala delar: Vad lycka är, vilka förutsättningarna är för att bli och vara lycklig samt vad som medverkar till individens lycka. Studiens resultat visar till stor del på ett bekräftande av tidigare forskning. Barnens tankar om lycka är tätt sammanhängande med livsbejakande positiva känslor. Resultaten visar på vikten av det oumbärliga i nära relationer samt individens behov av aktivitet. Ytterligare visar resultaten på att människans inre upplevelser samt den egna inställningen inverkar på individens upplevelse kring lycka mer än vad påverkan från de omgivande yttre omständigheterna gör. Barnen uttrycker också i motsvarighet till flertalet vetenskapliga studiers utfall, att lyckans betydelse är så högt värderad att den i övervägande antal fall ses vara skäl till att leva. I studien redovisas också relativt nya resultat inom neurobiologisk forskning samt inom den positiva psykologins fält avseende lycka. Dessa visar på den tämligen entydiga slutsatsen att den mänskliga lyckonivån skapas och är påverkbar genom individens egna ageranden samt inre påverkan av de mentala processerna, hela livet. Studiens resultat visar att barnens uppfattningar inte befinner sig nära psykologernas resonemang, vilket inledningsvis var studiens antagande, utan snarare överensstämmer dessa med filosofernas tankegångar.

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  • 23.
    Andersson, Therése
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Costume Cinema and Materiality: Telling the Story of Marie Antionette through Dress2011In: Culture Unbound: Journal of Current Cultural Research, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 101-112Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Andersson, Therése
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Fashion, Market and Materiality: Along the Seams of Clothing2011In: Culture Unbound: Journal of Current Cultural Research, E-ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 13-18Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25. Antosz, Patrycja
    et al.
    Birks, Dan
    Edmonds, Bruce
    Heppenstall, Alison
    Meyer, Ruth
    Polhill, J. Gareth
    O'Sullivan, David
    Wijermans, Nanda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Institute for Future Studies, Sweden.
    What do you want theory for? - A pragmatic analysis of the roles of theory in agent-based modelling2023In: Environmental Modelling & Software, ISSN 1364-8152, E-ISSN 1873-6726, Vol. 168, article id 105802Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There has been some discussion about agent-based modelling (ABM) and theory, particularly how ABM might facilitate theory building. However, there is confusion about the different ways they could relate and some scepticism as to whether theory is needed if one has an ABM. This paper distinguishes some of the different ways that the term “theory” is used in ABM papers in three important ABM journals: Environmental Modelling & SoftwareComputers, Environment and Urban Systems and the Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation. Apart from the simple-minded identification of theory with mathematics, we distinguish nine different ways that theory and ABM relate. This analysis is situated with respect to some of the expectations and philosophical background behind the idea of “theory”. The paper concludes with some ways in which theory and ABM could work better together, some possible ways forward and suggests that a more cautious approach to generalisation might be more appropriate.

  • 26.
    Aronsson, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Cederborg, Ann-Christin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Family therapy and accountability2012In: Journal of Applied Linguistics and Professional Practice, ISSN 2040-3658, E-ISSN 2040-3666, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 193-212Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Aronsson, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Collaborations, reciprocity, and shared matter of concern: Educational Neuroscience research methodology in Early Childhood practices2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the millennium, the emergent discipline of Educational Neuroscience has grown rapidly. This transdiscipline aims to bridge the gap between the neurosciences and educational practices, not only to let the neurosciences inform educational practices but also for educational practices to provide new relevant questions for the neurosciences (Fischer et al, 2007). The joint aim is to improve educational practices for future generations. As a researcher in Early Childhood Education with an interest in how knowledge practices are material-discursively produced, I was triggered to do something about this lack of knowledge. What would emerge if brain research became part of the literacy theories and practices of Swedish preschool teachers? Would it be possible to enact a reciprocal and collaborative research methodology together with the practitioners, based on a joint matter of concern? I felt an urge to explore this and in this presentation, I will highlight some methodological implications in this project.

    Researching a problem that ultimately concerns the possibilities, difficulties and problems which emerge in the encounters of two different practices – scientific research practices and educational practices – demands a methodology that engages in the practice of research practices and the problem of how to overcome divisions between humanities, social science and natural sciences (Sismondo, 2004) Hence, the research questions concern how the different disciplines’ power production is negotiated and re-negotiated in the encounter, and what the consequences are for teachers constituted and re-constituted beliefs, theories and practices (Callard & Fitzgerald, 2015). Questions on how this encounter is received, resisted, and in what ways this kind of knowing transforms meaning-making and practices concerning the literacy work performed was an urgent issue in the participating preschools as well. Hence, based on shared matters of concern of the researcher and the participants is a methodology needed that is characterized by reciprocity and collaboration.

  • 28.
    Axelsson, John
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Sundelin, Tina
    Lasselin, Julie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden; Universitätsklinikum Essen, Germany.
    Lekander, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    How can we improve identification of contagious individuals? Factors influencing sickness detection2018In: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, ISSN 0962-8452, E-ISSN 1471-2954, Vol. 285, no 1889, article id 20182005Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Backlund, Åsa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ascher, Henry
    Vad främjar och hämmar ensamkommande barns hälsa och integration? En forskningsöversikt2021In: Rättssäkerheten och solidariteten - vad hände?: En antologi om mottagande av människor på flykt / [ed] Torun Elsrud, Sabine Gruber, Anna Lundberg, Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2021, 1, p. 109-126Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 30.
    Backman, Sarah
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    The European Union's capacities for managing crises2018In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 261-271Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article draws on a comprehensive new data set of crisis management capacities at the European Union level to highlight key patterns in their development and use. Organised within the categories of detection, sense-making, decision-making, coordination, meaning-making, communication, and accountability, the data show considerable accumulation of capacities in detection and sense-making, while decision-making capacities lag behind. We find that most capacities are sector-oriented rather than cross-sectoral, and reside primarily within the European Commission rather than other EU institutions. Comparing the data to previous studies, we note that capacities overall are increasing and some are undergoing evolution; for example, horizon-scanning tools once limited to collecting information have increasingly been given an analytical, information enrichment function akin to sense-making.

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  • 31.
    Baheram, Elina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology.
    Nollalternativ i en miljökonsekvensbeskrivning2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study of the zero alternatives in an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) constitutes a thesis in the Master's program in Environmental Management and Physical Planning at the Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology at Stockholm University. The work has also been produced in collaboration with WSP Civils.

    In the current situation, it seems to lack a clear consensus over how the zero alternatives in an EIA should be formulated and managed. The purpose of this study was to explore the attitudes towards the zero alternatives (or the no-action alternative) in an EIA and try to give a better understanding of how the alternative should be managed. Therefore, this study describes what the purpose and function of the zero alternatives have in an EIA, together with the aspects that should be considered when dealing with zero alternatives in an EIA.

    The study was conducted using four different methods that together should be able to answer the study's purpose and issues. To provide a better understanding the empirical data was connected to theories of prediction, uncertainties and scenarios in an EIA.

    The results of the study indicate that the purpose of the zero alternatives in an EIA is to put a plan or a project into context, and therefore fulfill an important function. It is important in an EIA to illustrate the uncertainty that exists in the predictions made about the future, which are the basis for the assessments that are made. This is also important for the zero alternatives. Regarding the uncertainty, it is also necessary to consider whether it in all circumstances is appropriate to use the zero alternatives as a reference alternative in relation to the other alternatives in the EIA. The Swedish Environmental Code also has two definitions that describe the zero alternatives, depending on whether it is a plan or a project the EIA should describe. This distinction is unfortunately not always visible in practice.

    During the study, it emerged that there is a demand for advice and recommendations for dealing with zero alternatives in an EIA. One hope is that this study will generate a greater knowledge of the handling of zero alternatives in an EIA.

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  • 32. Bai, Xuemei
    et al.
    Hasan, Syezlin
    Andersen, Lauren Seaby
    Bjørn, Anders
    Kilkiş, Şiir
    Ospina, Daniel
    Liu, Jianguo
    Cornell, Sarah E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Sabag Muñoz, Oscar
    de Bremond, Ariane
    Crona, Beatrice
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Sweden.
    DeClerck, Fabrice
    Gupta, Joyeeta
    Hoff, Holger
    Nakicenovic, Nebojsa
    Obura, David
    Whiteman, Gail
    Broadgate, Wendy
    Lade, Steven J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Australian National University, Australia; Future Earth Secretariat, Sweden.
    Rocha, Juan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Future Earth Secretariat, Sweden.
    Rockström, Johan
    Stewart-Koster, Ben
    van Vuuren, Detlef
    Zimm, Caroline
    Translating Earth system boundaries for cities and businesses2024In: Nature Sustainability, E-ISSN 2398-9629Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Operating within safe and just Earth system boundaries requires mobilizing key actors across scale to set targets and take actions accordingly. Robust, transparent and fair cross-scale translation methods are essential to help navigate through the multiple steps of scientific and normative judgements in translation, with clear awareness of associated assumptions, bias and uncertainties. Here, through literature review and expert elicitation, we identify commonly used sharing approaches, illustrate ten principles of translation and present a protocol involving key building blocks and control steps in translation. We pay particular attention to businesses and cities, two understudied but critical actors to bring on board.

  • 33.
    Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Antonina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The European Law Institute.
    Michalski, AnnaOxelheim, Lars
    EU och de nya säkerhetshoten2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Antonina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The European Law Institute.
    Mårtensson, Moa
    Oxelheim, Lars
    Persson, Thomas
    The EU’s Role in Fighting Global Imbalances2015Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The EU’s Role in Fighting Global Imbalances looks at the role of the European Union in addressing some of the greatest challenges of our time: poverty, protectionism, climate change, and human trafficking. Contributions from ten leading scholars in the fields of economics, law, and political science provide in-depth analyses of three key dimensions of EU foreign policy, namely: the internal challenges facing the EU, as its 28 member countries struggle to coordinate their actions; the external challenges facing the EU on the global arena, in areas where global imbalances are particularly pervasive, and where measures taken by the Union can have an important impact; and the EU´s performance on the global arena, in the eyes of other key actors. Based on a broad and interdisciplinary understanding of the concept of global imbalances, this book argues that these challenges follow from pervasive global imbalances, which at root are economic, political, and legal in character.

  • 35. Baldwin, Richard
    et al.
    Forslid, Rikard
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
    Globotics and Development: When Manufacturing Is Jobless and Services Are Tradeable2023In: World Trade Review, ISSN 1474-7456, E-ISSN 1475-3138, Vol. 22, no 3-4, p. 302-311Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Globalization and robotics (globotics) are jointly transforming the world economy at an explosive pace. While much of the literature has focused on rich nations, the changes are quite likely to affect developing nations in important ways. The premise of the paper - which should be regarded as a thought-piece - is based on an extreme thought experiment. What does development look like when digital technology has rendered manufacturing jobless and many services freely traded? Our conclusion is that the service-led development path may become the norm rather than the exception; think India, not China. Since success in the service sector is based on quite different factors than success in manufacturing, development strategies and mindsets may have to change. This is an optimistic conclusion since it suggests that developing nations can directly export the source of their comparative advantage - low-cost labour - without having first to make goods with that labour.

  • 36.
    Banér, Anne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies, Centre for the study of children's culture.
    Konsten att berätta för barn: Barnboken1996Collection (editor) (Other academic)
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  • 37.
    Banér, Anne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies, The Centre for the Studies of Children's Culture.
    Kulturarvingarna, typ! Vad ska barnen ärva och varför?2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
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  • 38.
    Barbour, Felix
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Distribution matters: Meeting human needs at sustainable carbon consumption2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To avoid irreversible damage to the climate system and biosphere, the majority of the world’s countries must reduce rates of resource throughput. However, the socio-economic conditions for satisfying basic human needs at low resource use have received scant empirical attention. I apply cross-country panel analysis and dynamic linear modelling to explore how different dimensions of inequality affect countries’ abilities to deliver a good life for all at sustainable levels of carbon consumption. My results suggest that inequalities reduce socio-ecological performance, with income inequality reducing the proportion of carbon channelled into meeting basic needs and wealth inequality increasing the carbon-intensity of expenditure. Overall, this study highlights the importance of reducing inequalities in a resource-constrained world.

    Social media summary. Income inequality raises the carbon cost of meeting basic human needs at the national and global scales.

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  • 39. Barton, David N.
    et al.
    Chaplin-Kramer, Rebecca
    Lazos Chavero, Elena
    van Noordwijk, Meine
    Engel, Stefanie
    Girvan, Alexander
    Hahn, Thomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Leimona, Beria
    Lele, Sharachchandra
    Muradian, Roldan
    Niamir, Aidin
    Özkaynak, Begüm
    Pawlowska-Mainville, Agnieszka
    Ungar, Paula
    Cárdenas, Juan Camilo
    Baker, Susan
    Nelson, Sara
    Aydin, Cem İskender
    Iranah, Pricila
    Value Expression in Decision-Making2022In: Methodological Assessment Report on the Diverse Values and Valuation of Nature of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services / [ed] Patricia Balvanera; Unai Pascual; Michael Christie; Brigitte Baptiste; David González-Jiménez, Bonn: The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) , 2022, p. 247-346Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter links diverse values of nature as communicated through different value articulation (“valuing” and valuation) processes to decision-making and its outcomes. It reviews the underlying causes of treating impacts on nature as external to, and ignored in, decisions by current political, economic and socio-cultural actors and institutions (i.e., conventions, norms and rules), and describes how on-the-ground drivers of nature’s decline can be transformed towards recovery, focusing on land and sea use. The modalities and practice of explicit valuation of nature (preceding chapter) in support of decisions, and the decision-making processes themselves, may need to further evolve to achieve global sustainability goals, the CBD 2050 vision of living in harmony with nature and the recent Kunming Declaration of the CBD.

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  • 40.
    Beckley, Amber L.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Correlates of War? Towards an understanding of nativity-based variation in immigrant offending2013In: European Journal of Criminology, ISSN 1477-3708, E-ISSN 1741-2609, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 408-423Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study uses Swedish register data to assess the impact of war in the home country on the individual likelihood of registered violent crime among young male immigrants in Stockholm, Sweden. War in the home country during a migrant’s residence is significantly related to a higher likelihood of registration for a violent crime. However, these results were not sustained in a sensitivity analysis, which considered serious property crime. Analysis of the history of war in the home country produces effects opposite to those predicted, with more years of war reducing the likelihood of violent crime. These findings indicate that war is capturing other factors, within the home or the receiving country, that may be related to violent crime.

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  • 41.
    Beckman, Björn
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Lindström, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Sjögren, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Wärn, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Globalization, imperialism and resistance: an introduction2007In: Globalization, imperialism and resistance / [ed] Lars Lindström, Mats Wärn and Björn Beckman, Stockholm: Politics of Development Group (PODSU), Department of Political Science, Stockholm University , 2007, p. 1-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Beckman, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Widmalm, S.
    Tunlid, A.
    Efterord2009In: Vetenskapens sociala strukturer: Sju historiska om konflikt, samverkan och makt., Lund: Nordic Academic Press , 2009Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 43.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Hertzberg, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Inledning2020In: Ungdomars fritidsaktiviteter: deltagande, möjligheter och konsekvenser / [ed] Alireza Behtoui, Fredrik Hertzberg, Anders Neergaard, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2020, p. 13-36Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Hertzberg, FredrikStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.Neergaard, Anders
    Ungdomars fritidsaktiviteter: deltagande, möjligheter och konsekvenser2020Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I Ungdomars fritidsaktiviteter studeras fritidsaktiviteter och dess betydelse för ungdomar. Vilka är engagerade i fritidsaktiviteter och vilka är det inte? Förstärker aktiviteterna skillnader mellan unga med olika klassbakgrund, etnicitet eller kön, eller kan de bidra till en positiv utveckling för unga från resurssvaga familjer? Forskningen om fritidsaktiviteter är ett växande fält inom pedagogik, psykologi, socialt arbete och sociologi. Boken vänder sig till studenter i dessa ämnen och till lärare, fritidspedagoger, studie- och yrkesvägledare samt övriga som arbetar med ungdomar och ungdomsfrågor – praktiskt och i forskning. 

  • 45.
    Bendt, Pim
    Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
    Social Learning and Diversity of Practice in Community Gardens in Berlin2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Genuine advancement towards sustainable development requires broad-based popular supportfor prioritising the environment in our pursuit of social and economic progress. Since citieshave become the dominant human habitat of the century, it is especially critical that urbanpopulations adopt such sentiments. Yet, rapid urbanisation is severing perceived andexperienced links between people and nature, engendering an ‘extinction-of-experience’ asmodern life-styles are adopted and we cease to depend on local resources.Interdisciplinary perspectives on social learning suggest that communities that practicallyengage with nature constitute key forums for the creation and storage of knowledge andexperiences.This study goes further by investigating social learning and practice in locally managed greenareas which are also open to the public, in order to explore their capacity to nurtureexperienced based learning among wider sets of urban citizens. Extensive participatoryobservation and in-depth interviews have been conducted in a number of community gardensin Berlin over a period of 6 months.Findings show that community gardens support institutionally diverse sets of locally anchoredcommunities-of-practice where experienced based learning about nature is generated andstored.. Interestingly, local practice also nurtured experienced based learning about social,political and economic dimensions of life in the city.It is suggested that such open and experimental form of green area management hold promisefor tackling extinction-of-experience among the distinctively heterogeneous urbanpopulations of today. It also contends that community gardens foster progress towardssustainability on the local level through intertwining ecological and social concerns inlearning and practice on the ground.

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  • 46.
    Bengtsson, Louise
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    Borg, Stefan
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations. Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Sweden.
    Assembling European health security: Epidemic intelligence and the hunt for cross-border health threats2019In: Security Dialogue, ISSN 0967-0106, E-ISSN 1460-3640, Vol. 50, no 2, p. 115-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The securitization of health concerns within the European Union has hitherto received scant attention compared to other sectors. Drawing on the conceptual toolbox of actor-network theory, this article examines how a ‘health security assemblage’ rooted in EU governance has emerged, expanded, and stabilized. At the heart of this assemblage lies a particular knowledge regime, known as epidemic intelligence (EI): a vigilance-oriented approach of early detection and containment drawing on web-scanning tools and other informal sources. Despite its differences compared to entrenched traditions in public health, EI has, in only a decade’s time, gained central importance at the EU level. EI is simultaneously constituted by, and performative of, a particular understanding of health security problems. By ‘following the actor’, this article seeks to account for how EI has made the hunt for potential health threats so central that detection and containment, rather than prevention, have become the preferred policy options. This article draws out some of the implications of this shift.

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  • 47.
    Bengtsson, Louise
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    Borg, Stefan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    Rhinard, Mark
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations.
    European security and early warning systems: from risks to threats in the European Union’s health security sector2018In: European Security, ISSN 0966-2839, E-ISSN 1746-1545, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 20-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article critically examines a poorly understood aspect of the European security landscape: early warning systems (EWSs). EWSs are socio-technical systems designed to detect, analyse, and disseminate knowledge on potential security issues in a wide variety of sectors. We first present an empirical overview of more than 80 EWS in the European Union. We then draw on debates in Critical Security Studies to help us make sense of the role of such systems, tapping into conceptual debates on the construction of security issues as either "threat" or "risk" related. Finally, we study one EWS - the Early Warning and Response System for infectious diseases - to understand how it works and how it reconciles risk versus threat-based security logics. Contrary to assumptions of a clear distinction between risk-and threat-based logics of security, we show that EWSs may serve as a "transmission belt" for the movement of issues from risk into threats.

  • 48.
    Benjamin, Saija Riikka
    et al.
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Gearon, Liam
    University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
    Kuusisto, Arniika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Koirikivi, Pia
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Threshold of Adversity: Resilience and the Prevention of Extremism Through Education2021In: Nordic Studies in Education, ISSN 1891-5914, E-ISSN 1891-5949, Vol. 41, no 3, p. 201-218Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article introduces the concept of ‘threshold of adversity’ as an, at present, tentative means of understanding the turning points to radicalization and extremism within educational systems. The conceptual frame is, we argue, of pedagogical and policy relevance across and beyond Nordic countries. Across Nordic countries, the main objective for the prevention of radicalization and extremism through education (PVE-E) is to strengthen the students’ resilience against ideological influences. Given the specialist complexities of the interdisciplinary research literature on terrorism, from which much PVE-E derives, for teachers and policy-makers, understanding the theoretical contexts, which underlie such policy innovations and their pedagogical implementation, are, understandably, problematic. To discuss extremism and the possibilities of its prevention especially in the education sector, an understanding of what exactly is being prevented or fought against is needed. Our conceptual ‘threshold of adversity’ model offers at least a starting point for a more practicable pedagogical implementation.

  • 49.
    Bennerstedt, Ulrika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Collaborative assessment and game development: professionals’ orientation towards problems, potentials and organizational demands2014In: 4th International Conference Applied Linguistics and Professional Practice, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper address assessment practice as part of professional activity and learning in the domain of game development. A growing body of research has been concerned with the professionalization of games production knowledge, frequently attributed to the coordinated work of numerous actors in technology dense settings. While previous accounts of games development list a multifaceted body of knowledge, there is a gap in the literature focusing on game developers’ professional knowing and learning in situ. With an analytical approach informed by ethnomethodology, this paper aim to make visible professional knowledge and learning when collaboratively evaluating games-in-development. It is focusing on game developers’ assessment work as a way to gain insight in the practical reasoning when orienting towards games and gaming as subject of assessment, and as a way of making professional knowledge bases explicit.

           The empirical material is drawn from three settings: 1) a vocational game education, 2) a national game award event, and 3) a professional game development company. Based on fieldwork augmented with video-recordings, the study investigates how games-in-development are collaborative assessed and specifically the ways professionals evaluate co-workers views and understandings with respect to what constitutes problems and potentials of games-in-development.

           Assessments are at stake in a number of internal and external work practices, such as gate reviews, playtests, and the activity of pitching not-yet-finished-nor-financed games to publishers. Games assessments are a common preoccupation at game companies and game education but also at so-called game awards. Games assessments share similarities with assessment practices in other professional and educational settings, such as design reviews in architectural practices. Both are events where proposals are assessed by externally recruited professionals. However, the assessment activities and object of assessment largely differ. In architectural education, proposals are assessed by considering the qualities visible in the designed material (such as plans, paper posters and digital slideshows) in relation to articulated intentions. This can be contrasted with the object of criticism in games presentations: the object constitutes both digitally visual material and designed ‘playable/interactive’ activities. This means that the qualities of a game cannot only be judged by interpreting the idea communicated in plain words together with some visual layout, it also has to be discovered when engaging with the designed ‘experience’. Hence, professionals’ in the gaming domain are required to account for what hinders or make possible appealing experiences during assessments of digital games.

           By focusing on professionals’ collaborative assessments, the analysis unpacks some recurrent orientations towards games and gaming in professional settings. It is shown that the professionals are faced with a number of institutional and organizational demands with respect to time, technology, conventions, and innovations.

  • 50.
    Bennerstedt, Ulrika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Searching for the best game: professionals’ jury work at a national game-award event2014In: The Second International ProPEL: Professional Practice, Education and Learning Conference, June 25-27, 2014, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates jury-based assessment work as part of professional activity in an emerging profession, the gaming industry. Drawing on prior studies of professional learning (Mäkitalo, 2012), jury deliberations (Garfinkel, 1976), and assessment practices in related settings, assessment is approached as a way of making professional knowledge and learning visible. With an analytical focus informed by ethnomethodology, the paper builds on the idea that detailed studies of local orders of collaborative assessment in creative organizations could contribute to the understanding of assessment in professional learning.

    Although previous research on games development point to a multifaceted body of knowledge and considered its development in terms of professionalization (cf. Bennerstedt, 2013), there is a lack of empirical studies of professional game developers practices, particularly addressing the key object of criticism - the games. Games assessments are not only a common preoccupation at game companies and in game education, but also at so-called game awards where novices send in playable demos. Games evaluations share similarities with assessment practices in other professional and educational settings, such as design reviews in architectural practices (Lymer, 2010). However, the assessment activities and object of assessment largely differ, as the qualities of playable games have to be discovered interactively and therefore include a range of learning trajectories and troubles.

    Based on fieldwork augmented with video-recordings at a game café, the paper explores a small group of invited professionals’ assessment when reviewing a large number of game demos for a national game award event. By focusing on collaborative work conducted in private deliberations, it is shown that the professionals are faced with a number of challenges when ranking and grading the demos. They discover problems and qualities with the games by taking departure in fixed categories, established standards and emergent criteria, but make collaborative decisions that are governed by the jury members’ varied access to the assessed demos. The variations with respect to access are tightly related to the time schedule of the reviewing, but also the design of the interactive material. They accomplished their work by drawing on jury members’ as well as organizers’ access to, and knowledge of, demos in terms of playability, progression, emergence, visual appearance, technical solutions, etc. Critical for overcoming knowledge gaps are the ways the jury manages access by engaging in hybrid activities, i.e. moving between assessments and instructions/demonstrations of demos.

    Pedagogical implications of the analysis are discussed, and it is suggested that the jury-based assessment of digital material shed new light on how professionals deal with ad hoc learning and instruction.

     

    References

    Bennerstedt, U. (2013). Knowledge at play: Studies of games as members’ matters. Göteborg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis.

    Garfinkel, H. (1967). Studies in ethnomethodology. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

    Lymer, G. (2010). The work of critique in architectural education. Göteborg, Sweden: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis.

    Mäkitalo, Å. (2012). Professional learning and the materiality of social practice. Journal of Education and Work, 25(1), 59-78.

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