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  • 1.
    Ahlberg, Kerstin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law. Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law, The Institute for Social Law.
    Regulating Temporary Agency Work: On the Interplay between EU-level, National Level and Different Industrial Relations Traditions2008In: EU Industrial Relations v. National Industrial Relations: Comparative and Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Kluwer Law International, The Netherlands , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    I kapitlet analyseras det komplicerade samspelet mellan nationell nivå och EU-nivå och mellan olika industrial relations-traditioner, under försöken att skapa en europeisk reglering av anställningsvillkoren för arbetstagare som hyrs ut av bemanningsföretag.

  • 2.
    Ahrne, Göran
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Arbete utan organisation, organisation utan arbete2015In: Tankar om arbete: 17 texter om arbete, arbetsliv och samhällsförändring / [ed] Ann Ch. Bergman, Gunnar Gillberg, Lars Ivarsson, Stockholm: Premiss förlag, 2015, p. 258-273Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3. Antosz, Patrycja
    et al.
    Rembiasz, Tomasz
    Verhagen, Harko
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Employee shirking and overworking: modelling the unintended consequences of work organisation2020In: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 63, no 8, p. 997-1009Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Underworking (i.e. shirking) and overworking of employees can have detrimental effects for the individual and the organisation. We develop a computational model to investigate how work structure, specifically the way in which managers distribute work tasks amongst employees, impacts work intensity and working time. The model draws on theories from economics, psychology and management, and on empirical observations. The simulations show that when managers correctly estimate task difficulty, but undervalue the employee's competence, opportunities for shirking are provided due to longer deadlines. Similarly, if managers overvalue the employee's competence, they set tighter deadlines leading to overwork. If task difficulty is misjudged, initially only influence on employee working time is observed. However, it gradually generates competence misjudgements, indirectly impacting the employee's effort level. An interaction between competence misjudgement and task uncertainty slows the manager's ability to correctly estimate employee competence and prolongs initial competence misjudgements. The study highlights the importance of applying dynamic modelling methods, which allows for testing theory assumptions in silico, generating new hypotheses and offers a foundation for future research. Practitioner summary: A computational model was developed to investigate how the structure of work allocation influences opportunities for shirking and overworking by employees. The paper demonstrates how dynamic modelling can be used to explain workplace phenomena and develop new hypotheses for further research.

  • 4.
    Appelbom, Sophia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Nordin, Johanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Work and organizational psychology.
    Kvinnor i ledande positioner i organisatorisk motgång - chefers syn på glasklippan2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Glasklippan symboliserar fenomenet att kvinnor oftare befordras till ledande positioner i motgång än framgång. Syftet med föreliggande studie var att hos chefer i Sverige undersöka upplevelser och förhållningssätt till glasklippan, vad den tros bero på samt hur kvinnor anses påverkas av den i arbetslivet. Semistrukturerade intervjuer där ett scenario om glasklippan diskuterades utfördes med 12 chefer. Induktiv tematisk analys användes. Några intervjupersoner hade själva hamnat på glasklippan utan att ha verkat medvetna om det. Deltagarna förde ofta motstridiga resonemang och deras uppfattningar var inte samstämmiga. Det lyftes även hur kvinnors situation ser ut på organisationer idag, varför det är viktigt att medvetandegöra fenomenet, och förklaringar till glasklippan. Trots glasklippans närvaro i organisationer verkar den vara svår att se och förstå. Olika förväntningar som ställs på kvinnor skapar en svårhanterlig situation för dem på glasklippan. Att fenomenet förekommer i Sverige men är svårupptäckt visar på vikten av att uppmärksamma glasklippan.

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    Kvinnor i ledande positioner i organisatorisk motgång - chefers syn på glasklippan
  • 5.
    Astvik, Wanja
    Stockholm University.
    Relationer som arbete: förutsättningar för omsorgsfulla möten i hemtjänsten2003Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Avesson, Tilda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    “Aldrig hjärtan till min chef”: Användningen av och inställningen till emojis i kommunikation på arbetsplatser2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Emoijs kan berika och tydliggöra digital kommunikation, samtidigt som de även kan skapa missförstånd och försämrade relationer. Hur emojis används i en arbetslivskontext är även relativt outforskat. Syftet med denna uppsats var därför att undersöka användningen av och inställningen till emojis i kommunikation på arbetsplatser. Med ett bekvämlighetsurval (n = 243) genomfördes en enkätundersökning. Resultatet visade att emojis nästan aldrig används i arbetsrelaterad kommunikation, men när de väl används verkar det främst ske i kommunikation med personer man har en nära relation med. Resultaten visar också att det finns generellt goda inställningar till emojianvändning i arbetslivskommunikation. Möjliga förklaringar till detta kan vara att den informella naturen hos emojis gör dem opassande i viss arbetslivskommunikation, samtidigt som de potentiellt kan vara användbara för att stärka relationer mellan kollegor.

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    fulltext
  • 7.
    Ax, Carola
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Norén, Malin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Visionen “ett Stockholm för alla” - men finns det möjlighet för alla att delta?: En undersökning av styrdokuments beskrivning av möjligheter till deltagande i arbete för individer med neuropsykiatrisk funktionsnedsättning i allmänhet och autismspektrumtillstånd i synnerhet i Stockholms stad2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The last decades, prerequisites on the labour market have changed due to technical development and elevated demands on stress-resistance and social skills. We have distinguished a research gap in terms of examining the possibilities to attend the competitive labour market for adults with autism spectrum disorder in Sweden. The aim of this study is to examine regulatory documents from Stockholm municipality and how they describe requirements and ideals on their employees and which efforts they conduct. This to examine the possibilities for individuals with neuropsychiatric disabilities in general and autism spectrum disorder specifically to participate through employment within the municipality’s various functions. Our conclusion is that the demands on the employees tend to hinder participation in work for the focus group because of demands on social competencies and constant development of the organisations various functions. The demand on personal adaption could contribute to increase participation. Since the efforts within daily activities tend to lack incentives to reach the competitive labour market, a large focus on these efforts might hinder further participation in work for the focus group.

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    Visionen “ett Stockholm för alla” - men finns det möjlighet för alla att delta?
  • 8.
    Axelsson, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    HR-medarbetares upplevelser kring spelprevention och policyimplementering på arbetsplatsen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The complex concept regarding harmful use of different nature, could be related to the use of alcohol, drugs or gambling. Such activities could affect the efficiency and productivity of an employee in a workplace environment in a negative way. At the request of the Public Health Agency of Sweden, a group of scientist was given the task to evaluate a project regarding education concerning problematic gambling. The purpose of the current study is to evaluate a project regarding education concerning gambling and gambling prevention, and was carried out by the organization Alna. Thematic analysis was used and collection of data was done with semi structured interviews, with ten HR-employees whose five organisations was included in the project Gambling and gambling preventive efforts directed towards the labour market. The results show that the methods and tools used by Alna is perceived as efficient and valuable by the participants. Some obstacles which works against efficient implementation of updated policies and guidelines were identified and these could consist of time constraints, under staffing or subordinated priority of the gambling issue per se. Furthermore it seems that the education project regarding gambling prevention performed by Alna has contributed to the development of policies and guidelines regarding harmful use of different kinds with focus on the gambling issue.  

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    HR-medarbetares upplevelser kring spelprevention och policyimplementering på arbetsplatsen
  • 9. Backström, Tomas
    et al.
    Johansson, Peter
    Döös, Marianne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Hazy, James K
    Simulating the emergence of the organizing structures of work2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is a first step toward a visualization and classification system for studying dynamic organizing structures of work. As a first step toward this research objective, this study brings together two active projects. One called “relatonics” studies work group formation and is primarily empirical and inductive. The other called “Human Interaction Dynamics (HID)” imports concepts, relationships and modeling from complexity science and is therefore primarily theoretical and deductive. The vision is to use social media, data gathering, and process simulation technologies to rigorously describe, systematically visualize, and validly model the complex dynamics of work processes of different types. This work will serve as a means to classify, study and improve the performance of work systems. We describe our progress to data and suggest further research.

  • 10.
    Becker, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
    Hauserman, Nancy
    Gatuförsäljare som globala entreprenörer2014In: Det globaliserade arbetslivet / [ed] Marinette Fogde, Johanna Övling, Gidlund i samarbete med Arbetets museum , 2014, p. 25-34Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Bejerot, Eva
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Kankkunen Forsberg, Tina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Hasselbladh, Hans
    Örebro universitet.
    Två decennier av new public management: Arbetsmiljön i skola och sjukvård2015In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, E-ISSN 2002-343X, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 23-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Reformer och styrformer i linje med new public management har utmanat den professionella regimen i många sektorer under de senaste två decennierna. Även om området är väl beforskat saknas studier som undersöker effekterna av detta över tid. Genom att analysera enkäter som har besvarats av läkare, lärare och skolledare 1992 och på 2010-talet genereras kunskap om hur arbetsmiljön förändrats för dessa grupper från det att välfärdssektorn började transformeras fram till idag.

  • 12.
    Bennerstedt, Ulrika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Collaborative assessment and game development: professionals’ orientation towards problems, potentials and organizational demands2014In: 4th International Conference Applied Linguistics and Professional Practice, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper address assessment practice as part of professional activity and learning in the domain of game development. A growing body of research has been concerned with the professionalization of games production knowledge, frequently attributed to the coordinated work of numerous actors in technology dense settings. While previous accounts of games development list a multifaceted body of knowledge, there is a gap in the literature focusing on game developers’ professional knowing and learning in situ. With an analytical approach informed by ethnomethodology, this paper aim to make visible professional knowledge and learning when collaboratively evaluating games-in-development. It is focusing on game developers’ assessment work as a way to gain insight in the practical reasoning when orienting towards games and gaming as subject of assessment, and as a way of making professional knowledge bases explicit.

           The empirical material is drawn from three settings: 1) a vocational game education, 2) a national game award event, and 3) a professional game development company. Based on fieldwork augmented with video-recordings, the study investigates how games-in-development are collaborative assessed and specifically the ways professionals evaluate co-workers views and understandings with respect to what constitutes problems and potentials of games-in-development.

           Assessments are at stake in a number of internal and external work practices, such as gate reviews, playtests, and the activity of pitching not-yet-finished-nor-financed games to publishers. Games assessments are a common preoccupation at game companies and game education but also at so-called game awards. Games assessments share similarities with assessment practices in other professional and educational settings, such as design reviews in architectural practices. Both are events where proposals are assessed by externally recruited professionals. However, the assessment activities and object of assessment largely differ. In architectural education, proposals are assessed by considering the qualities visible in the designed material (such as plans, paper posters and digital slideshows) in relation to articulated intentions. This can be contrasted with the object of criticism in games presentations: the object constitutes both digitally visual material and designed ‘playable/interactive’ activities. This means that the qualities of a game cannot only be judged by interpreting the idea communicated in plain words together with some visual layout, it also has to be discovered when engaging with the designed ‘experience’. Hence, professionals’ in the gaming domain are required to account for what hinders or make possible appealing experiences during assessments of digital games.

           By focusing on professionals’ collaborative assessments, the analysis unpacks some recurrent orientations towards games and gaming in professional settings. It is shown that the professionals are faced with a number of institutional and organizational demands with respect to time, technology, conventions, and innovations.

  • 13.
    Bennerstedt, Ulrika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Searching for the best game: professionals’ jury work at a national game-award event2014In: The Second International ProPEL: Professional Practice, Education and Learning Conference, June 25-27, 2014, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates jury-based assessment work as part of professional activity in an emerging profession, the gaming industry. Drawing on prior studies of professional learning (Mäkitalo, 2012), jury deliberations (Garfinkel, 1976), and assessment practices in related settings, assessment is approached as a way of making professional knowledge and learning visible. With an analytical focus informed by ethnomethodology, the paper builds on the idea that detailed studies of local orders of collaborative assessment in creative organizations could contribute to the understanding of assessment in professional learning.

    Although previous research on games development point to a multifaceted body of knowledge and considered its development in terms of professionalization (cf. Bennerstedt, 2013), there is a lack of empirical studies of professional game developers practices, particularly addressing the key object of criticism - the games. Games assessments are not only a common preoccupation at game companies and in game education, but also at so-called game awards where novices send in playable demos. Games evaluations share similarities with assessment practices in other professional and educational settings, such as design reviews in architectural practices (Lymer, 2010). However, the assessment activities and object of assessment largely differ, as the qualities of playable games have to be discovered interactively and therefore include a range of learning trajectories and troubles.

    Based on fieldwork augmented with video-recordings at a game café, the paper explores a small group of invited professionals’ assessment when reviewing a large number of game demos for a national game award event. By focusing on collaborative work conducted in private deliberations, it is shown that the professionals are faced with a number of challenges when ranking and grading the demos. They discover problems and qualities with the games by taking departure in fixed categories, established standards and emergent criteria, but make collaborative decisions that are governed by the jury members’ varied access to the assessed demos. The variations with respect to access are tightly related to the time schedule of the reviewing, but also the design of the interactive material. They accomplished their work by drawing on jury members’ as well as organizers’ access to, and knowledge of, demos in terms of playability, progression, emergence, visual appearance, technical solutions, etc. Critical for overcoming knowledge gaps are the ways the jury manages access by engaging in hybrid activities, i.e. moving between assessments and instructions/demonstrations of demos.

    Pedagogical implications of the analysis are discussed, and it is suggested that the jury-based assessment of digital material shed new light on how professionals deal with ad hoc learning and instruction.

     

    References

    Bennerstedt, U. (2013). Knowledge at play: Studies of games as members’ matters. Göteborg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis.

    Garfinkel, H. (1967). Studies in ethnomethodology. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

    Lymer, G. (2010). The work of critique in architectural education. Göteborg, Sweden: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis.

    Mäkitalo, Å. (2012). Professional learning and the materiality of social practice. Journal of Education and Work, 25(1), 59-78.

  • 14.
    Berntsson, Theresia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Intervjustudie om läkares självmordstankar: med HOUPE-projektet som bakgrund2007Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Med det kvantitativa HOUPE-projektet som grund utfördes en kvalitativ intervjustudie för att fördjupa sig på området självmordstankar och självmordshandlingar bland läkare. Självmord är idag en av de vanligaste dödsorsakerna i världen. Läkare är överrepresenterade när det gäller självmord bland akademiker, speciellt kvinnliga läkare ligger i riskzonen. Syftet med uppsatsen var att finna bakomliggande faktorer till självmord bland läkare. Det använda materialet byggdes på semistrukturerade djupintervjuer med fem läkare och det analyserades med hjälp av Grundad teori. Bland annat tog läkarna upp tidspressen de upplever, trakasserier eller förnedringar de har varit med om, självmordstankar. Även kraven och pressen många av läkarna erfar. Hur arbetet påverkar deras privatliv. I diskussionen användes krav-resursmodellen för att ge en överblick om hur deras arbetsplats upplevs när det handlar om krav och resurser. Kommunikationen mellan ledning och medarbetare tas upp.

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  • 15. Berthelsen, Hanne
    et al.
    Westerlund, Hugo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Stress Research Institute.
    Bergström, Gunnar
    Burr, Hermann
    Validation of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire Version III and Establishment of Benchmarks for Psychosocial Risk Management in Sweden2020In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 17, no 9, article id 3179Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents the Swedish standard version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire, COPSOQ III, and investigates its reliability and validity at individual and workplace levels with the aim of establishing benchmarks for the psychosocial work environment. Cross-sectional data from (1) a random sample of employees in Sweden aged 25-65 years (N = 2847) and (2) a convenience sample of non-managerial employees at 51 workplaces (N = 1818) were analysed. Internal consistency reliability was evaluated as well as the effects of sex, work sector and blue/white-collar work. Population benchmarks and mean scores for major occupational groups were computed based on weighted data. ICC(1) and ICC(2) estimates were computed to evaluate aggregation to the workplace level and Pearson inter-correlations to evaluate construct validity at individual and aggregated levels. The reliability and scale characteristics were satisfactory, with few exceptions, at both individual and workplace levels. The strength and direction of correlations supported the construct validity of the dimensions and the amount of variance explained by workplace justified aggregation to the workplace level. The present study thus supports the use of COPSOQ III for measurement at the workplace level and presents benchmarks for risk management as well as for research purposes.

  • 16.
    Birkestam, Marty
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Åstrand, Emy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Vi bråkade och fick en miljon: Socialsekreterares motståndsstrategier mot hög arbetsbelastning2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate individual and collective resistance strategies used by social service workers to improve their work situation. It also aims to describe what consequenses their acts of resistance has on an individual, collective and structural level. The study include ten qualitative interviews and three participating observations with social service workers within children and youth unit at the social Services in Stockholm County. The result is analysed with Hollander & Einwohners typology of resistance (2004). The study shows that speaking up towards high work load, union organization and to shift responsibility from the individual to the structural are powerfull ways to change the work load. This can lead to being seen as a trouble-maker, a vulnerable position in the workplace, but also to expanded resources like new positions. To take breaks, work slowly, a good atmosphere and overriding internal requirements for documentation are strategies that can bring stress and guilt but also make a great difference and bring understanding and support from the group. Covert resistance can lead to overt and individual resistance can lead to collective. The gist is that a rested social service worker can make a big difference to an experienced high work load.

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  • 17. Bivall, Ann-Charlotte
    et al.
    Bennerstedt, Ulrika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Co-evaluated quality in new occupational groups - professional vision in digitalized work2017In: Book of Abstracts: 3rd International ProPEL Conference 2017, 2017, p. 5-6Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The digitalization of working life has lead to extensively changed conditions for work in both classical and emergent professional groups. In classical professional groups, e.g. within healthcare, impacts of such changes in daily work has attracted attention in various research communities focussing among other on adaptations in ways of working or changed patterns of collaboration. However, as a consequence of the society’s digitalization of work and leisure practices, new occupational settings and professional groups have emerged where it can be argued that new forms of knowledge and competence have evolved and become highly specialized. Among these professional groups a recurrent activity is assessment and evaluations of end-services and products. During assessment activities colleagues orient towards digital tools, designs and activities by negotiating understandings of quality. Yet, the work practices of such emerging occupational groups are unexplored in relation to how work is constituted and how professional knowledge becomes a subject matter among the professionals themselves. In this paper, we address these questions by exploring the conditions for collaborative work between colleagues in the IT support sector and computer game development industry. The aim is to explore how professional knowledge and competence are displayed and negotiated during different forms of assessment activities. Theoretically and methodologically we study naturally occurring activities of working life with a focus on participant interaction and the participants’ ways of orienting towards phenomena relevant for conducting work. In the paper, Goodwin’s (1994) notion of professional vision is central for teasing out the participants’ ways of assessing features relevant for the community of practice and making visible local knowledge and learning in the professional field. The empirical materials consist of video recordings from evaluation practices from a global IT support and from a game award event with participants from the computer game industry. Preliminary findings point to participant driven textual and interactional practices of negotiation. In these negotiations domain specific knowledge is displayed by participants through forward oriented reasoning and by addressing the relation between the particular case and general aspects of that case. The paper illustrates these findings by exploring practices deeply connected to work activities and settings as well as products. In the IT support milieu, collaborative assessment activities separated from the daily handling of support errands found a basis for discussing and developing ways of working. The forward oriented assessment orientation by participants is shown in cases where documented errands in IT-systems are reviewed and reformulated into suggestions of future actions by explicating local knowledge emerged within the organization. The participants in the game evaluation setting rely on hands on and “back-seat gaming” as assessment practices in order to establish shared access to the phenomena being assessed, and via such demonstrations negotiate particular game demos qualities and potentials in the future in relation to established game genres. In both settings, individual cases are used in different ways as textual and interactional resources for highlighting ways of seeing more general characters adhering to specific cultural values and organizational issues for the particular occupational group.

  • 18.
    Bodin Danielsson, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    L'impact de la conception architecturale des bureaux sur le confort et le bien-être des employés [The impact of architectural design offices in the comfort and well-being of employees]2013In: Le confort au travail: Que nous apprend la psychologie environnementale? [Comfort at work: What can we learn from environmental psychology?] / [ed] Liliane Rioux, Jeanne Le Roy, Lolita Rubens, Johanna Le Conte, Presses de l'Université Laval , 2013, p. 17-39Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Bodin Danielsson, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    The impact of office design on the view of management2015In: Work & place, ISSN 2306-6504, no 5, p. 35-39Article in journal (Other academic)
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    fulltext
  • 20.
    Brulin, Emma
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Stress Research Institute. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Biological psychology. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Bjärntoft, Sofie
    Bergström, Gunnar
    Hallman, David M.
    Gendered Associations of Flexible Work Arrangement and Perceived Flexibility with Work–Life Interference: A Cross-Sectional Mediation Analysis on Office Workers in Sweden2023In: Social Indicators Research, ISSN 0303-8300, E-ISSN 1573-0921, Vol. 167, no 1-3, p. 571-588Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Flexible work arrangements (FWA) may be beneficial for increasing perceived flexibility (i.e. control over when, where and how to work) and reducing interference between work and private-life, but knowledge of gendered patterns of these relationships is sparse. Drawing on gender theory, the aim of this study was to conduct gender-differentiated analyses of the associations between FWA (non-regulated work or flex-time) and work–life interference using perceived flexibility as a mediator. Survey data were collected in 2016 from a sample of 2614 employees in the Swedish Transport Administration (response rate 67%). The sample included 39.6% women and 60.4% men, 71.7% had non-regulated work and 28.3% flex-time. Associations were determined using linear mixed models and mediation analysis. Results indicated a beneficial effect of non-regulated work (referencing flex-time) on work–life interference through an increase in perceived flexibility. The indirect effect of FWA was pronounced and statistically significant in the total sample, as well as in men and women. However, in men, non-regulated work was associated with a statistically significant increase in interference (competitive mediation). Gender did not interact significantly with work arrangement nor with perceived flexibility. In conclusion, the type of FWA can result in different perceptions of flexibility which in turn may affect experiences of work–life interference. Furthermore, it should be acknowledged that both FWAs and flexibility may be experienced differently for men and women regarding interference. Thus, employers seeking to reduce employee interference should consider gender norms and individual needs. 

  • 21. Burbano, Vanessa C.
    et al.
    Folke, Olle
    Meier, Stephan
    Rickne, Johanna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI). Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden; Nottingham University, United Kingdom.
    The Gender Gap in Meaningful Work2023In: Management science, ISSN 0025-1909, E-ISSN 1526-5501Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An understanding of differences in nonmonetary work conditions is fundamental for a complete characterization of individuals’ well-being at work. Thus, to fully characterize gender inequalities in the labor market, scholars have begun to explore gender differences in nonmonetary work conditions. We examine one such condition—meaningful work—using nationally representative survey data linked with worker and employer administrative data. We document a large and expanding gender gap in meaningful work, wherein women experience their jobs as more meaningful than men do. We then explore patterns underlying this difference. We find little correlation between women’s higher experience of meaningful work and either labor market decisions related to first parenthood or women’s underrepresentation in leadership jobs. Instead, the gender gap appears to be highly correlated with the sorting of more women into occupations with a high level of beneficence: the sense of having a prosocial impact. Though both women and men experience such jobs as more meaningful, women do so by a larger margin. Next, we consider the relationship between the gender difference in meaningful work and the gender wage gap, contributing to the discussion on compensating differentials in work amenities. We find that, whereas the gender gap in meaningful work closes a substantial part of the wage gap in lower paid jobs, it does little to close the gap in higher paid jobs in which the gender wage gap is largest.

  • 22.
    Bylin, Nina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Gustavsson, Frida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences.
    Den arbetslöses mottaglighet för coachingmetoden: Jobbcoaching i början av arbetslösheten2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this quantitative study is to investigate if coaching is a suitable method for individuals who are in the initial stage of involuntary unemployment. In an attempt to ascertain this, we have examined the needs an individual experience having in the start of their unemployment but also if coaching satisfies any of these. With Maslows hierarchy of needs as a starting point questions were formed to the 23 unemployed who participated in the study. The participants were enrolled at five different unemployment agencies in Stockholm county. The results show that respondents have the first four needs in the hierarchy unsatisfied. With coaching the respondents seem to improve self-confidence and get confirmation and understanding, which may explain why the respondents feel motivated and ready to fulfill themselves with coaching. Regardless of sex a clear majority of the respondents experienced the support they received with coaching as positive. The conclusion of this study is that coaching proved to be an appropriate method to increase the unemployed´s self-confidence and ability to meet new professional challenges.

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  • 23. Cahill, Kevin E.
    et al.
    Giandrea, Michael D.
    Quinn, Joseph F.
    Sacco, Lawrence B.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Stress Research Institute.
    Platts, Loretta G.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Stress Research Institute.
    Does Bridge Employment Mitigate or Exacerbate Inequalities Later in Life?2022In: Work, Aging and Retirement, ISSN 2054-4642, E-ISSN 2054-4650Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most older Americans with career employment change jobs at least once before retiring from the labor market. Much is known about the prevalence and determinants of these bridge jobs, yet relatively little is known about the implications of such job changes—compared to direct exits from a career job—upon economic disparities in later life. In this article, we use 26 years of longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study to document the various pathways that older Americans take when exiting the labor force, and examine how bridge employment affects nonhousing wealth and total wealth, including the present discounted value of Social Security benefits. We find that gradual retirement in the form of bridge employment neither exacerbates nor mitigates wealth inequalities among Americans who hold career jobs later in life. That said, we do find some evidence that wealth inequalities grow among the subset of older career workers who transition from career employment to bridge employment at older ages. One policy implication of our article is that it provides evidence that might allay concerns about the potential for disparate financial impacts associated with the gradual retirement process. 

  • 24.
    Calleman, Catharina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Arbetsmiljö i hushållstjänster och personlig assistans – en kunskapssammanställning2017Report (Other academic)
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    Arbetsmiljö i hushållstjänster och personlig assistans - en kunskapssammanställning
  • 25.
    Clarholm, Jenni
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Unaeus, Frida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    ”Det här ska vara en kort tid i mitt liv och sen ska jag vidare”: Deltagare och stöd- och matchningsaktörers olika perspektiv på stöd i karriären2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a comparative case study with the aim of comparing how the support provided by different career support services corresponds to the individual's needs when in a change process. The study is based on the individuals and the career support services perspectives and interviews have been conducted with the help of a semi-structured interview guide. The interviews, a total of nine, were conducted via video call with each individual respondent. The results show that the support tools that the participants have access to, from the career support services are relatively similar. On the other hand, there are clear structural differences in the approaches of the career support services. Furthermore, the participants are generally satisfied with the support but do not feel that it affects their job seeking to any great extent. It is also clear from all respondents that personal responsibility is important for career support to work. However, there is some criticism from the participants about how individualized the support is. Thus, it is difficult for an individual career counsellor to fully meet the needs of the participants. 

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  • 26.
    de los Reyes, Paulina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Gonzalez, Alejandro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Thörnquist, Annette
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Rädd på jobbet? Hot och våld i avregleringens spår2015In: Sprickor, öppningar & krackeleringar: Nya perspektiv på arbetsmiljö / [ed] Angelika Sjöstedt Landén, Gunilla Olofsdotter, Malin Bolin, Sundsvall: Forum for Gender Studies, Mid Sweden University , 2015, p. 17-48Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 27. Di Milia, Lee
    et al.
    Rogers, Naomi L.
    Åkerstedt, Torbjorn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    Sleepiness, long distance commuting and night work as predictors of driving performance2012In: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 7, no 9, p. e45856-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Few studies have examined the effect of working night shift and long distance commuting. We examined the association between several sleep related and demographic variables, commuting distance, night work and use of mobile phones on driving performance. We used a prospective design to recruit participants and conducted a telephone survey (n = 649). The survey collected demographic and journey details, work and sleep history and driving performance concerning the day the participant was recruited. Participants also completed the Karolinska Sleepiness Scale and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale. Night workers reported significantly more sleepiness, shorter sleep duration and commuting longer distances. Seven variables were significant predictors of lane crossing. The strongest predictor was acute sleepiness (OR = 5.25, CI, 1.42-19.49, p < 0.01) followed by driving >= 150 kms (OR = 3.61, CI, 1.66-7.81, p < 0.001), obtaining less than 10 hours sleep in the previous 48 hours (OR = 2.58, CI, 1.03-6.46, p < 0.05), driving after night shift (OR = 2.19, CI, 1.24-3.88, p < 0.001), being <43 years old (OR = 1.95, CI, 1.11-3.41, p < 0.05) and using mobile phones during the journey (OR = 1.90, CI, 1.10-3.27, p < 0.05). Sleep related variables, long-distance commuting and night work have a major impact on lane crossing. Several interventions should be considered to reduce the level of sleepiness in night workers.

  • 28.
    Döös, Marianne
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Johansson, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Wilhelmson, Lena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Organizational learning as waves of remaking a teeming activity: A middle managers' construction and breaking of structures2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ways in which organizations compete include abilities to develop competence, ways of working, and leadership. Issues of organizational learning (OL) come to the forefront. This paper aims to develop new conceptual understanding of OL. The study departs from and fills a gap in the theory of experiential learning within which a claim is made for analytical generalization. From an organizational pedagogical stance, organizational learning is reflected as waves of remaking a teeming activity. Ripples in the ongoing teeming activity are seen as foreboding signs of the wave to come. In conclusion, the contribution concerns the recognition of the teeming activity as being the learning entity where the OL process and its resulting content are situated.

  • 29.
    Ek, Emelie
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Erfält, Mia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Anställdas upplevda arbetstillfredsställelse och arbetsmiljö vid hemarbete: I samband med covid-19 pandemin2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 30.
    Elftorp, Petra
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Martis, Kari
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Vägar till sysselsättning: med Motivation, Erfarenheter och Nätverk i tanken2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to describe, interpret and analyse successful strategies used to obtain a job, when unemployed. Five persons have answered a short questionnaire and have been interviewed about their feelings, experiences, motivation and social network, all related to actions taken whilst searching for a job. The result was that a variety of actions were taken that brought them to finding a job, such as telling friends and other contacts that they are available for work, contacting potential employers and taking risks. Some actions were taken with the objective to find a job, and some were not. Experiences and the social network were found to play a big part and four different types of motivation were detected concerning finding a job. The hypothesis (that those who become unemployed and are successful in finding a new job (1) have a high Self-efficacy, (2) to a great extent take actions in accordance with Planned Happenstance Theory and lastly, (3) that they are mainly driven by an Intrinsic motivation) could not be fully verified on any account nor could it be completely falsified.

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  • 31.
    Erfält, Mia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ek, Emelie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Anställdas upplevda arbetstillfredsställelse och arbetsmiljö vid hemarbete: I samband med covid-19 pandemin2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den rådande pandemin har påverkat åtskilliga aspekter av människors privatocharbetsliv. Många företag har tvingats ställa om till hemarbete vilket harförändrat villkoren för den fysiska, organisatoriska och sociala arbetsmiljön.Studiens syfte var att undersöka hur anställda upplever arbetstillfredsställelseoch arbetsmiljö vid hemarbete i samband med pandemin. Studien utfördes isamarbete med en kommun i Mellansverige och urvalet bestod av sju personermed olika yrkesbenämningar. Datainsamlingen skedde genom semistruktureradeintervjuer via e-mötestjänster. En induktiv tematisk analys användes igenomgången av det insamlade materialet där sex teman identifierades:återhämtning, balans mellan arbete och fritid, socialt stöd, socialt samspel,arbetsmiljöansvar, och effektivitet. Resultatet visade att anställda uppleverhemarbete som positivt för effektiviteten i arbetet och balansen mellan arbeteoch fritid. Negativa upplevelser handlade om ergonomiska problem koppladetill begränsningar i hemmet, avsaknad av social interaktion och dess effekt påarbetstillfredsställelsen och samarbetet kollegor emellan, samt hur hemarbetetinneburit minskad fysisk aktivitet och ökat stillasittande.

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  • 32.
    Falkenström, Erica
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Värdet av chefers etiska kompetens2013In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 90, no 6, p. 857-865Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While research concerning ethical competence in medical practice is frequent, ethical competence in health care management is less often studied. This article focuses ethical competence and its preconditions with regard to health care managers’ identification and handling of conflicts of interest. The article is based on empirical research. The aim is to highlight the importance of managers’ ethical competence and what such competence need to contain in order to promote ethical responsibility and a healthy working environment. Of great importance for success are having rational emotions, an adequate ethical language and communicative skills in order to promote dialogue. But the political and administrative control system also needs to clearly articulate the ethical dimensions of the managers’ task, allocate resources for training in ethics, and ensure that support systems and evaluation focus not only on finances but also on the value-rational aspects with regard to what the health care organization is aimed for.

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  • 33.
    Falkenström, Erica
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Höglund, Anna T.
    På spaning efter etik: Etisk kompetens och ansvarstagande för ledning och styrning av hälso- och sjukvården2018Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kraven på vårdens professioner och chefer är höga. De förväntas ge en god och säker vård på lika villkor till hela befolkningen, administrera, prioritera och arbeta kostnadseffektivt. Men hälso- och sjukvården fungerar inte som den ska. Arbetsmiljön är osund, sjuksköterskor lämnar yrket, vården är ojämlik och svårt sjuka patienter får vänta i långa köer. Detta gör att människors liv, hälsa och värdighet står på spel.

    På spaning efter etik uppmärksammar tre nyckelgrupper av aktörer som genom sina beslut har ett stort inflytande över vårdens villkor: politiker, opolitiska chefstjänstemän och vårdgivarnas högsta chefer i landstingets ledningsorganisation. Hur ser de på sitt etiska ansvar för hälso- och sjukvården? Vilka etiska bedömningar och konsekvensanalyser gör de? Och vilken etisk kompetens fordras för att de ska kunna ta ett etiskt ansvar för vårdens villkor genom ledning, styrning och organisation på den regionala nivån – och därmed för att samhällsmedborgarna ska kunna känna tillit till att vården fungerar som den ska?

    Boken är ett resultat av ett tvärvetenskapligt empirisk forskningsprojekt, finansierat av AFA Försäkring, som har bedrivits på Stockholms centrum för forskning om offentlig sektor, Score.

  • 34.
    Feldman, Jonathan M.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Gray, Mia
    Kurihara, Tomoko
    Hommen, Leif
    Networks of exclusion: job segmentation and social networks in the knowledge economy2007In: Equal Opportunities International, ISSN 0261-0159, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 144-161Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This paper aims to highlight the need to understand the mechanisms of inclusion and exclusion in the workplace which are often embedded in micro-level work practices. It explores how social networks and the resources contained within them function differentially among workers to reinforce existing patterns of preferential access to the most desirable positions in the labour market.

    Design/methodology/approach – Using in-depth interviews of electrical engineers in a case study firm in the IT industry in Cambridge, England, the paper outlines the strong gendered and ethnic patterns of segmentation within the engineering occupation.

    Findings – The paper finds significant inequalities in access to, and awareness of, the resources contained within some social networks in the workplace.

    Originality/value – The study critiques the extension of social capital theory into the workplace due to its conceptual and methodological focus on positive outcomes.

  • 35.
    Frick, Kaj
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Från sidovagn till integrerat arbetsmiljöarbete: arbetsmiljöstyrning som ett ledningsproblem i svensk industri1994Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Furusten, Staffan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Kan vi egentligen kalla konsulter för experter?2012In: Expertsamhällets organisering: okunskapens triumf? / [ed] Staffan Furusten, Andreas Werr, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2012, p. 165-182Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Garsten, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Flexibility Frictions: Economies of Connection in Contemporary Forms of Work2015In: Flexible Capitalism: Exchange and Ambiguity at Work / [ed] Jens Kjaerulff, Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2015, p. 93-115Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Garsten, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE). Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Globala normer för arbete: Anställningsbarhet, mätbarhet och reflexivitet2014In: Det globaliserade arbetslivet / [ed] Marinette Fogde & Johanna Övling, Möklinta: Gidlunds förlag, 2014Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Garsten, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    The labour market as a market: Exchangeability, measurability and accountability2015In: Makeshift Work In A Changing Labour Market: The Swedish Model in the Post-Financial Crisis Era / [ed] Christina Garsten, Jessica Lindvert and Renita Thedvall, Basingstoke: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Garsten, Christina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE). Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Lindvert, JessicaStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).Thedvall, RenitaStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Arbetets marknad: Arbetsmarknadens nya organisering2011Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Garsten, Christina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Lindvert, Jessica
    Thedvall, Renita
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Introduction: makeshift work in a global labour market2015In: Makeshift work in a changing labour market: the Swedish model in the post-financial crisis era / [ed] Christina Garsten, Jessica Lindvert, Renita Thedvall, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 1-24Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Garsten, Christina
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE). Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Lindvert, JessicaThedvall, RenitaStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE).
    Makeshift Work in a Changing Labour Market: the Swedish Model in the Post-Financial Crisis Era2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the aftermath of the global financial crisis, people who had never before had cause to worry about losing their jobs entered the ranks of the unemployed for the first time. In Sweden, the welfare state has been radically challenged and mass unemployment has become a reality in what used to be viewed as a model case for a full employment society. With an emphasis on Sweden in the context of transnational regulatory change, Makeshift Workin a Changing Labour Market discusses how the market mediates employment and moves on to explore the ways in which employees adjust to a new labour market. Focusing on the legibility,measurability and responsibility of jobseekers, the expert contributors of this book bring together an analysis of activation policy andnew ways of organizing the mediation of work, with implications for the individual jobseeker. Students and researchers of labour market policy, the organization of markets and work and society both in Sweden and abroad will find this book to be of interest. Policy-makers will find the empirical examples of policy processes among employees an extremely useful and insightful tool.

  • 43. Gorgulho, Bartira
    et al.
    Lobo Marchioni, Dirce Maria
    da Conceicao, Adriana Balian
    Steluti, Josiane
    Mussi, Marina Hurga
    Nagai-Manelli, Roberta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
    Teixeira, Liliane Reis
    da Luz, Andrea Aparecida
    Fischer, Frida Marina
    Quality of diet of working college students2012In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 41, p. 5806-5809Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Considering the scarcity of studies with young workers and the role of diet in the prevention of chronic diseases, the objective of the study was to assess the quality of diet of working college students. The present study investigated 43 university students, aged between 18 and 25 years old who had systematically being involved in a working activity in the past 6 months, paid or unpaid, at least 6 hours daily, five days a week. Dietary intake measured by seven dietary records covering every day of the week was used to calculate the Brazilian Healthy Eating Index Revised (B-HEIR). It was observed a low B-HEIR score (53.43,+/- 7.81) indicating a risk of a poor quality of diet, with high intake of sodium and sugar and low consumption of fruits and whole grains. This poor quality of diet can result in an inadequate nutritional status that may increase the risk of obesity and chronic diseases.

  • 44. Goulão, Catarina
    et al.
    Lacomba, Juan Antonio
    Lagos, Francisco
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Weight, attractiveness, and gender when hiring: A field experiment in Spain2024In: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, ISSN 0167-2681, E-ISSN 1879-1751, Vol. 218, p. 132-145Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Being overweight or obese is associated with lower employment and earnings, possibly arising from employer discrimination. A few studies have used field experiments to show that obese job applicants are, in fact, discriminated against in the hiring process. However, whether overweight job applicants also face employer discrimination is still an open question. To this end, we have designed a correspondence testing experiment in which fictitious applications are sent to real job openings across twelve different occupations in the Spanish labor market. We compare the callback rate for applications with a facial photo of a normal weight person to the one for applications with a photo of the same person manipulated into looking overweight.Applications with a photo of the weight-manipulated male receive significantly fewer callbacks for a job interview compared to normal weight, and this differential treatment is especially pronounced in female dominated occupations. For women, we find the opposite result. Weightmanipulated female applications receive slightly more callbacks, especially in female dominated occupations. Our experimental design allows us to disentangle whether employers act on attractiveness or weight when hiring. For men, the weight manipulation effect is explained by an attractiveness premium, while for women we find evidence of an attractiveness penalty, as well as a weight penalty, in explaining the effect.

  • 45.
    Gustavsson, Martin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE). Handelshögskolan i Stockholm, Sverige.
    Melldahl, Andreas
    Dramatiska villkor: Länsteatrarnas ekonomiska handlingsutrymme 1980–20152017Report (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Gustavsson, Martin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm Centre for Organizational Research (SCORE). Handelshögskolan i Stockholm, Sverige.
    Melldahl, Andreas
    Länsteatrarnas ekonomiska handlingsutrymme: Intäkter, utgifter och personal 1980–20152017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten redovisar hur länsteatrarnas inkomster, utgifter och personalstyrka har förändrats mellan 1980 och 2015, en period som präglats av tre olika kulturpolitiska reformer (sjösatta 1974, 1996 och 2009).

    I ett bakgrundsavsnitt diskuteras bristen på bra kulturstatistik. Obrutna serier med statistik som sträcker sig över olika kulturpolitiska perioder har saknats. För att kunna jämföra länsteatrarnas ekonomiska förhållanden under perioder märkta av olika kulturpolitiska ideal har statistik därför samlats in från olika arkiv och skarvats ihop för hela den nämnda 35-årsperioden.

    Rapportens första undersökande del visar att det har skett en resursmässig förstärkning av länsteatrarna över tid (mätt med konsumentprisindex). Utvecklingen har dock varit ojämn. Den följer bredare trender i samhällsekonomin. Den genomsnittliga länsteaterns intäkter ökade markant mellan 1980 och 1990 (1974 års kulturpolitiska epok), minskade påtagligt mellan 1990 och 1996 (90-talets ekonomiska kris), ökade kraftigt mellan 1996 och 2005 (1996 års kulturpolitiska era), minskade noterbart mellan 2005 och 2012 (det sena 00-talets ekonomiska kris) och ökade något mellan 2012 och 2015 (2009 års kulturpolitiska period). Vi visade också att de genomsnittliga utgifternas utveckling följer samma typ av cykliska förlopp som de genomsnittliga intäkternas.

    Rapportens andra del studerade finansieringens effekter på kärnverksamheten, exemplifierad av personalstyrkans storlek och sammansättning. Länsteatrarnas största utgiftspost utgörs av personalkostnader. För att undersöka om lönekostnadsutvecklingen undergrävt uppräkningen av de offentliga anslagen justerades beloppen med olika löneindex. Nu blev ett motsatt utvecklingsscenario synligt. Istället för den trendmässiga – förvisso försiktiga och periodvisa – ökningen av intäkterna som visades när anslagen räknades om med konsumentprisindex minskade anslagen över tid när de justerades med löneindex. Den genomsnittliga länsteatern kan inte i dag, trots den måttliga resursförstärkningen de senaste åren, köpa lika mycket personal som i början av undersökningsperioden. I en separat delstudie visade vi även att antalet arbetade timmar av anställd ”konstnärlig” personal på teatrarna minskade över tid, medan antalet årsverken för ”administrativ” personal ökade något.

    I en avslutande delstudie ställdes följdfrågor om personalsituationen. Vi visade på den något paradoxala situationen att länsteatrarna – trots lägre köpkraft (mätt med löneindex) och färre ersatta arbetstimmar utförda av anställd konstnärlig personal (årsverken) – lyckats enrollera fler personer. En delförklaring till denna utveckling ligger i att länsteatrarna under de senaste tio åren alltmer börjat befolkas av visstids- och korttidsanställd personal (med A-skattsedel) och frivilliga eller ofrivilliga företagare (med F- och FA-skattsedel).

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  • 47.
    Hasselbalch, Ole
    Stockholm University.
    Arbejdsretlige funktioner1979Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Hugosson, Katriina
    Stockholm University.
    Working life, sustainable health and retirement for women: a qualitative analysis from a longitudinal study2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Hägglund, Pathric
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Natural and Classical Experiments in Swedish Labour Market Policy2005Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    "Effects of Changes in the Unemployment Insurance Eligibility Requirements on Job Duration — Swedish Evidence"

    This paper investigates the impact of the unemployment insurance (UI) entrance requirement on employment duration among earlier unemployed in Sweden. I exploit changes in the rule taking place in 1994 and 1997 to study behavioural adjustments in the timing of job separation between 1992, 1996, and 1998. Performing across-year analyses, I find evidence of clustering of job exits at the time of UI qualification. By using predicted hazard rates for each week, I calculate an approximate 2.9-week extension in average employment duration between 1996 and 1998 due to the 5-week prolonging of the entrance requirement.

    "Job-search Assistance Using the Internet – Experiences from a Swedish Randomised Experiment"

    This paper reports the experience from a randomised experiment offering voluntary job-search assistance on the Internet to job seekers at Swedish public employment offices. The purpose is to, i) investigate to what extent the evaluation design manages to avoid common difficulties in experimental evaluation, ii) assess the effect of the programme on the employment outcome, and iii) use the nonbiased experimental results as a benchmark evaluating the performance of frequent nonexperimental estimators. I find that the evaluation design successfully circumvents inherent difficulties in the experimental approach, such as ethical concerns, bureaucratic behaviour and randomisation bias. However, the voluntariness of the programme caused severe compliance problems in terms of both no-shows and dropouts. This is accounted for by analysing the effect of the “intent-to-treat” (the policy parameter of most interest), which is close to zero. Studying the effects of various doses of actual treatment, using an nonexperimental instrumental variable model, I fail to reject the hypothesis of a zero programme effect. Finally, a methodological comparison suggests that standard nonexperimental techniques succeed in reproducing the nonbiased experimental results.

    "Are there Pre-programme Effects of Swedish Active Labour Market Policies – Evidence from Three Randomised Experiments"

    This paper takes advantage of unique experimental data from three demonstration programmes in 2004 to investigate pre-programme incentive effects of active placement efforts at the employment offices in Sweden. The exit rate from unemployment between referral to and start of the programme services is compared between UI eligible experiment and control group members. The results are mixed. In one of the experiments, targeted towards a broad group of UI receivers, arranged job-search activities in groups combined with increased monitoring of job-search efforts generated a 38 per cent increase in the escape rate from unemployment in the weeks leading up to programme start. This translates into an almost two-week reduction of the ongoing UI spell. Referrals to increased monitoring alone did not have the same effect on exit behaviour. In the other two experiments, targeted towards youth and highly educated respectively, referrals to active placement efforts had no effect on the pre-programme outflow.

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  • 50.
    Hård, Ursula
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    Tillmar, Malin
    Kvinnors företagande: arbetsmarknadsbeteende och organisatorisk lösning2007Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens Sverige lyfts ofta småföretag och entreprenörer fram. Företagandet diskuteras dock ofta separat från både arbetsmarknad och övriga näringslivet. Därmed negligeras att individer växlar mellan att vara sin egen och ha anställning, det vill säga att företagandet ofta är ett sätt för individen att navigera på arbetsmarknaden snarare än drivet av en stark önskan att vara sin egen. Inte heller uppmärksammas att små företag ofta startas och drivs som en direkt konsekvens av stora organisationers strategier - det vill säga företagandet är en organisatorisk lösning på en stor organisations problem, inte uttryck för en individs starka vilja att vara sin egen. I studien ges exempel på företagande av dessa slag. Det första exemplet bygger på Ursula Hårds studier av kvinnor som följt en starta-eget-kurs i en norrlandskommun och det andra på Malin Tillmars studier av företagande i anslutning till den offentliga sektorns omvandling. Det första fallet är ett exempel på företagande som arbetsmarknadsbeteende, det sistnämnda på företagande som organisatorisk lösning. Företagandet som skapat, och skapare av, genussystemet är tydligt i fallen och diskuteras i studien.

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