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  • 1.
    Abdelmoez Wiklund, Joel
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för Asien-, Mellanöstern- och Turkietstudier, Avdelningen för mellanösternstudier.
    Women’s status in Islamic texts and feminist interventions2017Inngår i: Orientaliska Studier, ISSN 0345-8997, nr 152, s. 5-14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 2. Abdullah, Ailin
    et al.
    Berglund, Jenny
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för de humanistiska och samhällsvetenskapliga ämnenas didaktik.
    State Neutrality and Islamic Education in Sweden2018Inngår i: European Perspectives on Islamic education and Public Schooling / [ed] Jenny Berglund, Sheffield, UK: Equinox Publishing, 2018, s. 312-334Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Public debate about Islam and Muslims often focuses on contradictions, conflicts, and contrasting value systems. Since 9/11, the bombings in Madrid and London and the recent rise of ISIS this debate has to a large extent included a fear that Muslim immigrants will be disloyal to their new Western countries, and thus requires increased surveillance and control. Conversely, others argue that Muslim populations in the West have wrongly suffered from the increasing intolerance and suspicion resulting from terrorist acts committed by a small number of radicals. Such voices point to a need to safeguard religious freedom and the right to equal treatment regardless of a group’s ethnic, cultural, linguistic, or religious background. In many European countries, these discussions have directed attention toward places of Islamic education such as Muslim schools, mosques, and Islamic organizations, focusing on the sometimes controversial manner in which they have been depicted in the media, public discourse, and, within Muslim communities themselves (Aslan 2009; Birt 2006). Religious education is both an essential and a challenging objective for minorities since the “transmission” of religious tradition to future generations is crucial to the survival of any religion. In Sweden as elsewhere in Europe many Muslim children and teenagers and even adults attend privately-run, extra-curricular Islamic classes. Some attend Islamic schools or are taught at home. Publically funded Islamic education options provided by the state are an emergent option in several European countries. These classes lie not only at the heart of debates over religious freedom, equal rights to education, and integration, but are also connected to matters of securitization and the state control of Islam. This paper will present an overview of publicly funded, mainly pre-university Islamic education in Sweden, a European Western secular Christian majority country with a Muslim minority population. Firstly, I will establish a definition of Islamic education and a description of the state funding of education and religion in general. Then, the paper will move on to describe different types of Islamic education that are available in Sweden.

  • 3.
    af Edholm, Klas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Religionshistoria.
    Människooffer i fornnordisk religion: En diskussion utifrån arkeologiskt material och källtexter2016Inngår i: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, nr 65, s. 125-148Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The discussion of ritual killing and sacrifice of humans in Old Norse religion has a long tradition. In the more text oriented discipline of history of religions, the opinion has sometimes been very critical to the theories that human sacrifices were performed, while the discipline of archaeology has been more inclined to interpret some finds as the traces of sacrifice, although sometimes due to a too wide definition of the word ‘sacrifice’. Since the two disciplines use different sources, the research needs an analysis of the religious phenomenon with a consideration of the archaeological material, and with respect to how the two disciplines may contribute to the analysis. The written sources mention and describe human sacrifices, but the question of their authenticity is problematic. Some new archaeological surveys have revealed finds that has raised the question of human sacrifices during Late Iron Age in the northern countries anew. The new archaeological material may provide an altered interpretation of the written texts. But then we need to discuss the definition of ‘human sacrifice’ from the perspectives of both disciplines.

  • 4.
    af Edholm, Kristoffer
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Religionshistoria.
    Rajyasri: Royal Splendour in the Vedas and the Epics2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses the late-Vedic goddess Śrī and her non-personified precedent śrī ‘splendour, glory, excellence, fortune’. Śrī has not before been studied in the light of the Avestan royal splendour, xᵛarənah, and is often interpreted one-sidedly as a pre-Aryan goddess of prosperity. In contrast, this thesis locates the genealogy of Śrī’s characteristics in the Vedic goddess of dawn. The meaning of light in Vedic poetic and sacrificial terminology is highlighted, especially in the relation between royal patron and priest-poet. Śrī’s relation to terms like varcas and tejas, the “shining fame” of the hero, and epic descriptions of blazing warriors, are discussed. The nimbus in early Indian iconography is compared to descriptions of royal splendour in the texts. A subsistent theme in epics, myths and Vedic rituals is identified: the splendour won, lost and recovered by the king. This paradigm is showed to be dependent on the truthfulness, sacrificial status and asceticism of the king. A new understanding of central events in the royal consecration ritual, in the Rāmāyaṇa and the Mahābhārata are thereby offered. It is argued that a continuous and richly varied concept of royal splendour can be identified, from the Ṛgveda to the great epics, and that it is of considerable importance in the ancient Indian rulership ideology.

    Key words:  Royal splendour, śrī, goddess Śrī, Avestan xᵛarənah, tejas, varcas, svayaṃvara, ascetic, legitimation of power, fire, sun, dawn, Indra, Viṣṇu, rājasūya, king and priest-poet, Vedic ritual, Vedas, Mahābhārata, Rāmāyaṇa, Indo-European.

  • 5.
    af Edholm, Kristoffer
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Religionshistoria.
    Recent Studies on the Ancient Indian Vrātya2017Inngår i: Electronic Journal of Vedic Studies, ISSN 1084-7561, E-ISSN 1084-7561, Vol. 24, nr 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The ”vrātya problem” has been discussed for more than a century. It is not clear who the vrātya is, as some Vedic passages describe him in a cryptic manner. That the vrātya continues to engage scholars is demonstrated by two recent publications, both with T. Pontillo as one of the editors: The Volatile World of Sovereignty: The Vrātya Problem and Kingship in South Asia (2015), and Vrātya Culture in Vedic Sources (2016). In this review article I look at the two volumes in context of previous reseach and discuss a handful of the contributions. I also refer to a number of vrātya-related articles published elsewhere.

  • 6.
    af Edholm, Kristoffer
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Religionshistoria.
    Risk, förlust och oviss utgång i vedisk kungaritual2016Inngår i: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, nr 65, s. 149-172Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Ritual is often seen as a safe and certain of success. That the question of risk and failure is important for our understanding of ritual has, however, been argued by an increasing number of scholars. This article analyses two Vedic śrauta rituals - the horse-sacrifice and the royal consecration - from this perspective. According to brahmanic theory, sacrifice implies a dangerous break-up of cosmic structure; once started, a ritual must be successfully brought to an end, or the performer will come out lesser than before. Royal ritual also involves political dangers: being a claim to overlordship, rivals might oppose and defeat the sacrificer. Śrauta ritual appears not as a microcosm devoid of danger and unknown outcome. Rather, risk increases a ritual’s value and is an essential part of Vedic royal ritual, wherefore the most awesome sacrifice has the highest risk factor. Danger and conflict in śrauta ritual reflect the aristocratic-agonistic culture in which it evolved.

  • 7.
    Af Edholm, Kristoffer
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Religionshistoria.
    Royal Splendour in the Waters Vedic Sri- and Avestan X(v)arenah-2017Inngår i: Indo-Iranian Journal, ISSN 0019-7246, E-ISSN 1572-8536, Vol. 60, nr 1, s. 17-73Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The article explores, from an Indo-Iranian comparative perspective, the concept of 'royal splendour' and its role in myth, ritual and political discourse, in ancient Indian and Iranian texts. It argues that there are similarities both on the level of details (terminology, imagery, motifs) and on a broader level (ruler ideology), some of which likely go back to Proto-Indo-Iranian culture. The article relates the Avestan xvarenahto the Vedic sri- and varcas-, as well as their Avestan counterparts sri- and varecah-. It looks at how the Vedic/Avestan epithet apam. napat-/apam napat- is connected to the motif of aquatic and royal splendour. The Avestan concept of royal splendour, it is argued, also shares key characteristics with the late Vedic and early epic goddess Sri. As the fickle and mobile consort of successive kings, whom she approaches or abandons depending on their virtues, the epic Sri is reminiscent of xvarenah-.

  • 8.
    Agell, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet.
    Frågan efter livets mening: om kunskap och konst i Nietzsches tänkande2002Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9. Agger, Gunhild
    et al.
    Dirckinck-Holmfeld, Lone
    Gimmler, Antje
    Heinrich, Falk
    Soila, Tytti
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för mediestudier, Filmvetenskap.
    Introduction: Two Stories of the Arts and Humanities – and a Third Version Emerging2016Inngår i: Akademisk Kvarter, ISSN 1904-0008, E-ISSN 1904-0008, Vol. 13, nr 10, s. 4-13Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    During the past few decades, the arts and humanities in the West- ern world have been challenged by a strange contradiction between two very different stories about their raison d’être and value. The first story focuses on the expansion of universities, including the faculties of arts and humanities. The second story is dominated by a feeling of distress prompted by the constant questioning of the usefulness and applicability of the arts and humanities. As the con- tributions to this volume of Academic Quarter indicate, however, a third story may be about to emerge. 

  • 10. Ahlenius, Henrik
    et al.
    Tännsjö, Torbjörn
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Chinese and Westerners Respond Differently to the Trolley Dilemmas2012Inngår i: Journal of Cognition and Culture, ISSN 1567-7095, E-ISSN 1568-5373, Vol. 12, nr 3-4, s. 195-201Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A set of moral problems known as The Trolley Dilemmas was presented to 3000 randomly selected inhabitants of the USA, Russia and China. It is shown that Chinese are significantly less prone to support utility-maximizing alternatives, as compared to the US and Russian respondents.

    A number of possible explanations, as well as methodological issues pertaining to the field of surveying moral judgment and moral disagreement, are discussed.

  • 11.
    Ahlgren, Per
    et al.
    School of Education and Communication in Engineering Sciences (ECE), KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Pagin, Peter
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Persson, Olle
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen..
    Svedberg, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Bibliometric analysis of two subdomains in philosophy: free will and sorites2015Inngår i: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 103, nr 1, s. 47-73Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we tested the fruitfulness of advanced bibliometric methods for mapping subdomains in philosophy. The development of the number of publications on free will and sorites, the two subdomains treated in the study, over time was studied. We applied the cocitation approach to map the most cited publications, authors and journals, and we mapped frequently occurring terms, using a term co-occurrence approach. Both subdomains show a strong increase of publications in Web of Science. When we decomposed the publications by faculty, we could see an increase of free will publications also in social sciences, medicine and natural sciences. The multidisciplinary character of free will research was reflected in the cocitation analysis and in the term co-occurrence analysis: we found clusters/groups of cocited publications, authors and journals, and of co-occurring terms, representing philosophy as well as non-philosophical fields, such as neuroscience and physics. The corresponding analyses of sorites publications displayed a structure consisting of research themes rather than fields. All in all, both philosophers involved in this study acknowledge the validity of the various networks presented. Bibliometric mapping appears to provide an interesting tool for describing the cognitive orientation of a research field, not only in the natural and life sciences but also in philosophy, which this study shows.

  • 12.
    Ahlquist, Eva-Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för didaktik och pedagogiskt arbete.
    Gynther, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för didaktik och pedagogiskt arbete.
    Positivism med mänskligt ansikte* Montessoripedagogikens idéhistoriska grunder2006Inngår i: Locus* Tidskrift för forskning om barn och ungdomar, ISSN 1100-3197, nr 2, s. 51-57Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan 1920-talet har det funnits montessoriskolor i vårt land och dessa har under tidens gång influerat såväl förskolans som grundskolan utveckling. Den första skrift som behandlar pedagogiken på svenska kom ut redan 1923 och utlöste då en livlig debatt. Därefter har det varit tunt med publikationer om pedagogiken på vårt språk. Det är därför glädjande att Christine Quarfoods bok Positivism med mänskligt ansikte har publicerats dock ifrågasätter recensenterna författarens underliggande tes.

  • 13.
    Ahlquist, Eva-Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för didaktik och pedagogiskt arbete.
    Gynther, Per
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för didaktik och pedagogiskt arbete.
    Gustafsson, Christina
    Montessoripedagogik*: En pedagogik för världens alla barn2005Inngår i: Boken om pedagogerna, Liber, Stockholm , 2005, s. 148-169Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken är en aktuell och mångfacetterad beskrivning av vårt pedagogiska arv och dagens skolverklighet. Viktiga frågor som rör utbildningens innehåll, form och mål har fått en särskilt framträdande plats. Kapitlet presenterar Montessoripedagogikens filosofiska idé och gör nedslag i den praktiska tillämpningen från förskola till grundskolans senare år.

  • 14.
    Aili, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk. Latin.
    Alfonso's Editorial Work in the Liber ad reges: a Pitfall for Vernacular Translators?2000Inngår i: The Translation of the Works of St. Birgitta of Sweden: into the Medieval Vernaculars, 2000, s. 264-Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 15.
    Aili, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk.
    Handskrifterna till Birgittas revelationer2003Inngår i: Birgitta av Vadstena: Pilgrim och profet 1303-1373. En jubileumsbok 2003, Natur och Kultur, Stockholm , 2003, s. 429-Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 16.
    Aili, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk.
    Ne memoria nostri pereat: Rhetoric and Preoccupation with Oblivion in a King's Last Will2000Inngår i: Tongues and Texts Unlimited: Studies in Honour of Tore Janson on the Occasion of his Sixtieth Anniversary, Institutionen för klassiska språk, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm , 2000Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17.
    Aili, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk. Latin.
    Sancta Birgitta Reuelaciones: Book IV1992Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 18.
    Aili, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk. Latin.
    Sancta Birgitta Reuelaciones: Book VIII2002Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 19.
    Aili, Hans
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk. Latin.
    St. Birgitta and the Text of the Revelationes: A Survey of Some Influences Traceable to Translators and Editors1986Inngår i: The Editing of Theological and Philosophical Texts from the Middle Ages: Acts of the Conference Arranged by the Department of Classical Languages, University of Stockholm, 29-31 August 1984, 1986Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 20.
    Aili, Hans
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk.
    Svanberg, Jan
    Konstvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Imagines Sanctae Birgittae: The Earliest Illuminated Manuscripts and Panel Paintings Related to the Revelations of St. Birgitta of Sweden2003Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 21.
    Ajagán-Lester, Luis
    Stockholms universitet, Lärarhögskolan i Stockholm (LHS), Institutionen för undervisningsprocesser, kommunikation och lärande (UKL).
    Mot en pluritopisk hermeneutik2005Inngår i: Text och existens: hermeneutik möter samhällsvetenskap / [ed] Staffan Selander, Per-Johan Ödman, Göteborg: Daidalos, 2005, s. 143-160Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Luis Ajagán-Lester fokuserar i sin artikel `den andres hermeneutik` - mötet mellan medlemmar av olika kulturer och frågan hur hermeneutiken kan bidra med förståelse av den Andre. Både tolkningar som är baserad på avstånd i tid respektive rum aktualiserar frågan om hur man förstår sig själv genom bilden av den andre/det andra. Den bildade européns slutenhet i sin egen värld har bidragit till hermeneutikens `monotopika` karaktär. Begreppet `takt`framskrivs en central kategori mi mötet med den andre och i utvecklandet av en `pluritopisk`hermeneutik och `polyfon tolkningsprocess`.

  • 22.
    Ali, Rami
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för Asien-, Mellanöstern- och Turkietstudier, Avdelningen för mellanösternstudier.
    Beyond the dichotomies of a coercion and voluntary recruitment, Afghan unaccompanied minors unveil their recruitment process in Iran2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 poäng / 120 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    By shedding light on accounts from unaccompanied Afghan asylum-seeking minors in Sweden who were child soldiers in Syria, this thesis explores and examines their narratives and their involvement in the civil war in Syria. The research aims to create a deeper understanding of how these children themselves made sense of their participation in the war by answering the following questions: How were the children approached by the recruiters?

    What kind of reasons for joining the war are put forward by the recruiters and what strategies do the children encounter: a) economic; b) identity formation; c) social deprivation; d) feeling of vulnerability; e) militarization; f) mental development; g) ideology/ religious-sectarian; or all together?

    How do the children perceive these encounters and make sense of their recruitment to the Shiite Fatemiyoun Brigade? To which extent has the ideology of Shi’ism played an important role for them in joining the Syrian War? This is a qualitative study based on in-depth interviews which combines procedures from two approaches and techniques: an ethnographic approach and a narrative approach that explores the interviewees’ experiences in a period of time and also generates detailed insights.

    Despite the fact that none of the respondents testified for being recruited at gunpoint or having been ill-treated, the respondents emphasized that they were forced to join due to the bad circumstances they were living in. In addition, many similarities with other cases regarding child soldiering in several countries have been explored in this thesis, for instance factors related to the socio- economic context and the experiences that are related to the children’s development processes.

    Differences can be located in various details regarding ideologies and indoctrination since the respondents did not share the politico-religious purposes of the recruiters. 

  • 23.
    Almås, Ingvild
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutet för internationell ekonomi. Norwegian School of Economics, Norway.
    Cappelen, Alexander W.
    Salvanes, Kjell G.
    Sørensen, Erik Ø.
    Tungodden, Bertil
    Fairness and family background2017Inngår i: Politics, Philosophy and Economics, ISSN 1470-594X, E-ISSN 1741-3060, Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 117-131Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Fairness preferences fundamentally affect individual behavior and play an important role in shaping social and political institutions. However, people differ both with respect to what they view as fair and with respect to how much weight they attach to fairness considerations. In this article, we study the role of family background in explaining these heterogeneities in fairness preferences. In particular, we examine how socioeconomic background relates to fairness views and to how people make trade-offs between fairness and self-interest. To study this, we conducted an economic experiment with a representative sample of 14- to 15-year-old and matched the experimental data to administrative data on parental income and education. The participants made two distributive choices in the experiment. The first choice was to distribute money between themselves and another participant in a situation where there was no difference in merit. The second choice was to distribute money between two other participants with unequal merits. Our main finding is that there is a systematic difference in fairness view between children from low-socioceconomic status (SES) families and the rest of the participants; more than 50 percent of the participants from low-SES families are egalitarians, whereas only about 20 percent in the rest of the sample hold this fairness view. In contrast, we find no significant difference in the weight attached to fairness between children from different socioeconomic groups.

  • 24.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Romanska och klassiska institutionen.
    The Language of the Slave Spirits in Brazilian Umbanda: Memories of Ancestral Dignity2019Inngår i: Shackled Sentiments: Slaves, Spirits, and Memories in the African Diaspora / [ed] Eric J. Montgomery, Lanham: Lexington Books, 2019, s. 177-194Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter focuses on the speech of slave spirits, or pretos-velhos (‘old Blacks’), that we meet in Umbanda communities in Brazil. Such spirits are understood as old African slaves who may possess initiated mediums during the state of trance in rituals. Pretos-velhos represent the memory of slavery by showing a linguistic behavior associated with their condition of enslaved Africans brought from Africa to Brazil: a particular way of speaking, as if an old speaker of African languages who had learned Portuguese as a second language. Earlier studies discuss linguistic characteristics that distinguish the speech of pretos-velhos from other varieties of Brazilian Portuguese, and compare their speech with literary representations of the speech of Africans and their descendants in Brazil, affirming that the contact between speakers of Portuguese and African languages can explain the emergence of specific linguistic features. This chapter will analyze both recordings with one preto-velho called Pai João (‘Father John’) gathered by the author during fieldwork in an Umbanda community in 2005, and written representations of the speech of pretos-velhos in books with Umbanda ritual songs. The findings indicate that, at some point in time, the linguistic features represented in the speech of pretos-velhos were characteristic of all speakers of African languages who learned Portuguese as a second language informally in Brazilian colonial settings. Moreover, the use of certain phonetic and grammatical features in the speech of pretos-velhos has contributed to the characterization of the linguistic behavior of native speakers of African languages who acquired Portuguese as a second language. Some of the features are also present in the so-called Brazilian vernacular Portuguese (and may even be explained by contact with African languages), other signal the speech of a foreigner. The oral representations can be used to complement the limited written data available to us on the speech of the slave population. Finally, we believe that in sacred spaces, where the agents or owners of discourse belong to Afro-Brazilian religious communities, specific or innovative linguistic features seem to recreate African ancestral dignity. After all, the pretos-velhos, spirits of the light, born in Africa, are always ready to help people who often come to Umbanda temples the consult them.

  • 25.
    Alvarez López, Laura
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för spanska, portugisiska och latinamerikastudier.
    Westerlund, David
    Afroamerikanska religioner2012Inngår i: Religion i Latinamerika / [ed] Magnus Lundberg, David Westerlund, Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2012, s. 226-259Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 26.
    Alxatib, Sam
    et al.
    MIT, Dept Linguist & Philosophy, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA.
    Pagin, Peter
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Sauerland, Uli
    Zentrum Allgemeine Sprachwissensch, D-10117 Berlin, Germany.
    Acceptable Contradictions: Pragmatics or Semantics? A Reply to Cobreros et al.2013Inngår i: Journal of Philosophical Logic, ISSN 0022-3611, E-ISSN 1573-0433, Vol. 42, nr 4, s. 619-634Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Naive speakers find some logical contradictions acceptable, specifically borderline contradictions involving vague predicates such as Joe is and isn't tall. In a recent paper, Cobreros et al. (J Philos Logic, 2012) suggest a pragmatic account of the acceptability of borderline contradictions. We show, however, that the pragmatic account predicts the wrong truth conditions for some examples with disjunction. As a remedy, we propose a semantic analysis instead. The analysis is close to a variant of fuzzy logic, but conjunction and disjunction are interpreted as intensional operators.

  • 27.
    Andersson, Anna-Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Libertarianism and Potential Agents: A Libertarian View of the Moral Rights of Foetuses and Children2007Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay advances a libertarian theory of moral rights, which responds effectively to some serious objections that have been raised against libertarianism. I show how libertarianism can explain children’s rights to certain physical integrity and aid. I defend strong moral rights of human, pre-natal organisms, infants and children against all agents to certain non-interference with their physical integrity. I also argue that parents’ moral obligation to aid their offspring follows from a moral principle that prohibits agents to actively harm rights-bearers. Since this is the core principle of all versions of libertarianism, we gain simplicity and coherence. In chapter two, I explain my theory’s similarities and differences to a libertarian theory of moral rights advanced by Robert Nozick in his 1974 book Anarchy, State, and Utopia. I explain the structure and coherence of negative moral rights as advanced by Nozick. Then, I discuss what these negative rights are rights to, and the criteria for being a rights-bearer. In chapter three, I formulate a clear distinction between active and passive behaviour, and discuss the moral importance of foreseeing consequences of one’s active interventions. In chapter four, I claim that some pre-natal human organisms, human infants, and children, are rights-bearers. I formulate a morally relevant characterization of potentiality, and argue that possession of such potentiality is sufficient to have negative rights against all agents. In chapter five, I discuss whether potential moral subjects, in addition, have positive moral rights against all agents to means sufficient to develop into actual moral subjects. I argue that this suggestion brings some difficulties when applied to rights-conflicts. In chapter six, I argue that potential moral subjects’ rights to means necessary to develop into actual moral subjects can be defended in terms of merely negative rights. By adopting the view advanced in this chapter, we get a simple, coherent theory. It avoids the difficulties in the view advanced in chapter five, while keeping its intuitively plausible features. In chapter seven, I discuss whether the entitlement theory is contradictory and morally repugnant. I argue that my version of the entitlement theory is not.

  • 28.
    Andersson, Elin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för franska, italienska och klassiska språk.
    Vadstena 1427: The Visit of the Syon Brothers2010Inngår i: Saint Birgitta, Syon and Vadstena: Papers from a Symposium in Stockholm 4-6 October 2007 / [ed] Claes Gejrot, Sara Risberg, Mia Åkestam, Stockholm: Kungl. vitterhets historie och antivitetsakademien , 2010, s. 104-109Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 29.
    Andersson, Jan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Religionshistoria.
    Religiösa värderingar hos muslimska SFI-elever2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Den som säger sig tillhöra en viss religion kan i praktiken vara mer eller mindre troende, eller inte troende alls. Det kan handla om att man firar vissa högtider men utan att särskilt bry sig om deras religiösa innebörd, eller att man ibland deltar i gudstjänster och ber någon gång i månaden, eller ett liv iständig hågkomst av Guds närvaro. Spektrat av religiositet för en person kan vara allt från att religionen endast har kulturell betydelse till att man lever sitt liv helt enligt dess påbud, såväl som att man anser att religion är en privatsak till att man arbetar för att samhället skall formas enligt religionen.

    Vad gäller islam i Sverige har de muslimska samfundens organisation och aktiviteter beskrivits i ganska stor detalj. Däremot finns inte mycket kunskap om de värderingar de står för. Och vad gäller värderingar och övertygelser hos muslimer i allmänhet finns nästan ingenting skrivet. Denna uppsatstar fasta på den kunskapsbristen.

    Genom en enkätbaserad attitydundersökning av explorativ karaktär med muslimska SFI-elever somrespondenter har följande frågor undersökts:

    - Är fundamentalism ett utbrett fenomen inom denna grupp?

    - I hur stor utsträckning anser man att shari’a bör gälla för muslimer i Sverige och vad är attityden tilldemokrati?

    - Hur ser relationen mellan religion och moral ut och hur uppfattas det svenska samhället i dettasammanhang?

    Undersökningens resultat är överlag i samstämmighet med tidigare undersökningar med liknande teman. Respondenterna har en överväldigande positiv attityd till demokrati och en stor del anser också att yttrandefrihet är bra. Samtidigt tycks många mena att islam är undantaget yttrandefriheten ochatt islamiska regler är viktigare än svensk lag. Stödet för shari’a är också påtagligt. En stor majoritet menar att gudstro är nödvändig för att vara en moralisk person och anser samtidigt att Sverige är ett moraliskt land.

    På grund av urvalsmetoden och den stora andel som avstått från att delta i undersökningen kan resultatet inte generaliseras utanför gruppen av respondenter.

  • 30.
    Andersson, Roger
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Svenska/Nordiska språk.
    Birgitta and Her Revelations in the Sermons of the Vadstena Brothers2019Inngår i: A Companion to Birgitta of Sweden and Her Legacy in the Later Middle Ages / [ed] Maria H. Oen, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2019, s. 159-185Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 31.
    Andersson, Roger
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för svenska och flerspråkighet, Svenska/Nordiska språk.
    Birgittahandskrifter och medeltida skriftmiljöer2018Inngår i: Arkiv för nordisk filologi, ISSN 0066-7668, Vol. 133, s. 105-130Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 32.
    Andersson, Roger
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för medeltidsstudier.
    Heliga Birgittas texter på fornsvenska: Birgittas Uppenbarelser. Bok 32017Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 33.
    Andersson, Roger
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för medeltidsstudier.
    Heliga Birgittas texter på fornsvenska i ny utgåva2015Inngår i: Signum : katolsk orientering om kyrka, kultur, samhälle, ISSN 0347-0423, nr 6, s. 37-41Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 34.
    Andersson, Roger
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för medeltidsstudier.
    Magister Mathias och predikan i Vadstena kloster2015Inngår i: Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift, ISSN 0085-2619, Vol. 115, s. 174-190Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 35.
    Andersson, Roger
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för medeltidsstudier. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Preaching the Sacraments: Catechesis for the Laity or Education for the Clergy?2011Inngår i: Erebea. Revista de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales, ISSN 0214-0691, Vol. 1, s. 41-56Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 36.
    Andersson, Roger
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för medeltidsstudier. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Sacred Eloquence on Christmas Day at the Universities of Leipzig and Vienna2014Inngår i: Swedish students at the University of Leipzig in the Middle Ages: careers, books, and teaching / [ed] Olle Ferm, Sara Risberg, Stockholm: Sällskapet Runica et mediævalia, Centre for Medieval Studies, Stockholm University , 2014, s. 67-91Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 37.
    Andersson, Roger
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för medeltidsstudier. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    Sermon Manuscripts of Different Kinds2011Inngår i: Medieval Sermon Studies, ISSN 1366-0691, Vol. 55, s. 31-44Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 38.
    Andersson, Roger
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för medeltidsstudier. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Historiska institutionen.
    The Last Judgement in Old Swedish Sermons: A Popular Affair2013Inngår i: The Last Judgement in Medieval Preaching / [ed] Thom Mertens, Maria Sherwood-Smith. Mikael Mecklenburg and Hans-Jochen Schiewer, Turnhout: Brepols, 2013, s. 67-78Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 39.
    Andersson Tallec, Nina
    Barn- och ungdomsvetenskapliga institutionen, Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för barn- och ungdomsvetenskap, Centrum för barnkulturforskning.
    BARNS TANKAR OM LYCKA: En kvalitativ undersökning av barns subjektiva uppfattning om lycka2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att undersöka vad lycka är och betyder för barn, enligt hypotesen att lyckan tenderar vara en central del i livet, där barns föreställningar kan tänkas ligga närmre psykologernas uppfattningar om lycka än filosofernas, då dessa de senares uppfattningar är mer komplicerade och mångdimensionella. Ansatsen är att jämföra barns uttalanden med forskningsrön kring lycka. Studien har sin utgångspunkt i ett filosofiskt frågeställande förhållningssätt, med den positiva psykologin som ram. Undersökningen presenteras i form av en deskriptiv studie av 121 barns reflektioner kring lycka. Den är huvudsakligen disponerad kring tre centrala delar: Vad lycka är, vilka förutsättningarna är för att bli och vara lycklig samt vad som medverkar till individens lycka. Studiens resultat visar till stor del på ett bekräftande av tidigare forskning. Barnens tankar om lycka är tätt sammanhängande med livsbejakande positiva känslor. Resultaten visar på vikten av det oumbärliga i nära relationer samt individens behov av aktivitet. Ytterligare visar resultaten på att människans inre upplevelser samt den egna inställningen inverkar på individens upplevelse kring lycka mer än vad påverkan från de omgivande yttre omständigheterna gör. Barnen uttrycker också i motsvarighet till flertalet vetenskapliga studiers utfall, att lyckans betydelse är så högt värderad att den i övervägande antal fall ses vara skäl till att leva. I studien redovisas också relativt nya resultat inom neurobiologisk forskning samt inom den positiva psykologins fält avseende lycka. Dessa visar på den tämligen entydiga slutsatsen att den mänskliga lyckonivån skapas och är påverkbar genom individens egna ageranden samt inre påverkan av de mentala processerna, hela livet. Studiens resultat visar att barnens uppfattningar inte befinner sig nära psykologernas resonemang, vilket inledningsvis var studiens antagande, utan snarare överensstämmer dessa med filosofernas tankegångar.

  • 40.
    Andrén, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Arkeologi.
    Jennbert, KristinaLunds universitet.Raudvere, CatharinaKöpenhamns universitet.
    Hedendomen i historiens spegel: bilder av det förkristna Norden2009Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Eight articles, in Swedish, on the modern reception of Old Norse religion

  • 41.
    Angner, Erik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Det lätta och det rätta2018Inngår i: Filosofisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0348-7482, nr 3, s. 3-10Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 42.
    Angner, Erik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen. Institute for Futures Studies, Sweden.
    We're all behavioral economists now2019Inngår i: Journal of economic methodology, ISSN 1350-178X, E-ISSN 1018-5070, Vol. 26, nr 3, s. 195-207Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Behavioral economics has long defined itself in opposition to neoclassical economics, but recent developments suggest a synthesis may be on the horizon. In particular, several economists have argued that behavioral factors can be incorporated into standard theory, and that the days of behavioral economics are therefore numbered. This paper explores the proposed synthesis and argues that it is distinctly behavioral in nature – not neoclassical. Far from indicating that behavioral economics as a stand-alone research program is over, the proposed synthesis represents the consummate conversion of neoclassical economists into behavioral ones.

  • 43.
    Angner, Erik
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    What Preferences Really Are2018Inngår i: Philosophy of science (East Lansing), ISSN 0031-8248, E-ISSN 1539-767X, Vol. 85, nr 4, s. 660-681Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Daniel M. Hausman holds that preferences in economics are total subjective comparative evaluations—subjective judgments to the effect that something is better than something else all things told—and that economists are right to employ this conception of preference. Here, I argue against both parts of Hausman’s thesis. The failure of Hausman’s account, I continue, reflects a deeper problem, that is, that preferences in economics do not need an explicit definition of the kind that he seeks. Nonetheless, Hausman’s labors were not in vain: his accomplishment is that he has articulated a useful model of the theory.

  • 44. Archer, Alfred
    et al.
    Matheson, Benjamin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Admiration and Education: What Should We Do with Immoral Intellectuals?2019Inngår i: Ethical Perspectives, ISSN 1370-0049, E-ISSN 1783-1431, Vol. 26, nr 1, s. 5-32Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    How should academics respond to the work of immoral intellectuals? This question is of increasing concern in academic circles, but has received little attention in the academic literature. In this article, we will investigate what our response to immoral intellectuals should be. We begin by outlining the cases of three intellectuals who have behaved immorally or at least have been accused of doing so. We then investigate whether it is appropriate to admire an immoral person for their intellectual contributions. We will argue that such admiration can be a fitting response to the intellectual achievements of an immoral person, but only if the person has indeed done something important. However, we then identify two moral reasons against openly admiring immoral intellectuals. First, that such admiration may give the appearance of condoning the immoral acts of the intellectual. Second, that such admiration may lead to emulation of the intellectual's problematic ideals. This may be enough to persuade us of the moral reasons to avoid engaging with the work of unimportant and easily replaceable intellectuals in our research and our teaching. However, for more important intellectual figures we have weighty educational reasons to cite them and include them in our courses. This leads to a tension, which we attempt to resolve by proposing ways to accommodate the moral reasons against admiring immoral intellectuals and the intellectual reasons to include them in our courses, though we conclude on the pessimistic note that this tension may not be entirely resolvable.

  • 45. Archer, Alfred
    et al.
    Matheson, Benjamin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Shame and the sports fan2019Inngår i: Journal of the Philosophy of Sport, ISSN 0094-8705, E-ISSN 1543-2939, Vol. 46, nr 2, s. 208-223Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Sports fans sometimes feel shame for their team's moral transgressions. In this paper, we investigate this phenomenon. We offer an account of sports fan shame in terms of collective shame. We argue that this account is superior to accounts of sports fan shame in terms of shame for others and shame for oneself. We then argue that accepting the role that sports stars play in bringing about the collective shame amongst their fans provides a new way of justifying the claim that sport stars are subject to special moral obligations.

  • 46. Archer, Alfred
    et al.
    Matheson, Benjamin
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    When Artists Fall: Honoring and Admiring the Immoral2019Inngår i: Journal of the American Philosophical Association, ISSN 2053-4477, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 246-265Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Is it appropriate to honor artists who have created great works but who have also acted immorally? In this article, after arguing that honoring involves identifying a person as someone we ought to admire, we present three moral reasons against honoring immoral artists. First, we argue that honoring can serve to condone their behavior, through the mediums of emotional prioritization and exemplar identification. Second, we argue that honoring immoral artists can generate undue epistemic credibility for the artists, which can lead to an indirect form of testimonial injustice for the artists' victims. Third, we argue, building on the first two reasons, that honoring immoral artists can also serve to silence their victims. We end by considering how we might respond to these reasons.

  • 47.
    Arnberg, Klara
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Pia, LaskarSundevall, FiaStockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Ekonomisk-historiska institutionen.
    Sexualpolitiska nyckeltexter2015Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 48.
    Arrhenius, Gustaf
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen. Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study, Sweden.
    Can the Person Affecting Restriction Solve the Problems in Population Ethics?2009Inngår i: Harming Future Persons: Ethics, Genetics and the Nonidentity Problem / [ed] Melinda A. Roberts, David T. Wasserman, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2009, s. 289-314Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 49.
    Arrhenius, Gustaf
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.
    Defining Democratic Decision Making2011Inngår i: Neither/Nor: Philosophical Essays Dedicated to Erik Carlson on the Occasion of His Fiftieth Birthday / [ed] Rysiek Sliwinski, Frans Svensson, Uppsala: Department of Philosophy, Uppsala University , 2011Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 50.
    Arrhenius, Gustaf
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen. Institute for Futures Studies, Sweden.
    Democracy for the 21th century: research challenges2019Inngår i: Sociology looks at the twenty-first century: from local universalism to global contextualism / [ed] Y. Elkana, S. Randeria, B. Wittrock, Brill Academic Publishers, 2019, s. 165-186Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
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