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  • 1.
    Al Weswasi, Enes
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Spending blood for oil in Nigeria: a frame analysis of Shell’s neutralisation of acts that led to corporate-initiated state crime2019In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 106, no 3, p. 280-296Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The environmental impact of Shell Oil Company in Nigeria has resulted in large-scale protests. Despite their peaceful nature, these protests have been met with lethal violence by the Nigerian security forces. Accusations have been levelled against Shell for liability for human rights violations, but the company has denied responsibility. Previously confidential correspondence between Shell and Nigerian officials has come to show that the company has repeatedly persuaded security personnel to act against the protests. This article examines how Shell framed its desire for the Nigerian state to suppress the protests against the company. It does so by analysing the published documents, based on the theoretical framework provided by Stanley Cohen’s (1993) concepts regarding the neutralisation of criminal acts, and specifically, the neutralisation technique of appealing to higher loyalties. This is a technique adopted by companies when they use the greater good as a rationale for minimising their responsibility for harmful acts. The correspondence between Shell and Nigerian officials shows that Shell continuously urged the Nigerian officials to take action by referring to the company’s contribution to economic and social development in the region, even after their calls for action had been shown to have resulted in human rights abuses. In describing these rationales, the article highlights a case of corporate-initiated state crime, a form of crime that involves corporations inducing state actors to commit harmful acts.

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  • 2.
    Asp, Petter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Anmälan av Annika Suominen: The Principle of Mutual Recognition in Cooperation in Criminal Matters. A Study of the Principle in Four Framework Decisions and in the Implementation Legislation in the Nordic Member States.2014In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 101, no 2, p. 210-216Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Asp, Petter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Denationaliserad straffrätt - vilka utmaningar står för dörren?2012In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 99, no 2, p. 144-155Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Balvig, Flemming
    et al.
    Köbenhamns universitet, Det juridiske fakultet.
    Gunnlaugsson, Helgi
    University of Iceland.
    Jerre, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Olaussen, Leif Petter
    Oslo universitet, Institutt for kriminologi og rettssociologi.
    Tham, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Den nordiske retsbevidsthedsundersögelse2010In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, ISSN 0029-1528, no 3, p. 232-250Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5. Balvig, Flemming
    et al.
    Gunnlaugsson, Helgi
    Tham, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Ikke kun strenghed - replik om de nordiske retsbevidsthedsundersögelser2011In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 98, no 3, p. 228-238Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Reservations have been voiced against the project The general sense of justice in Scandinavia on methodological grounds. The first reservation concerns that the studies in Denmark, Island and Sweden have not used non custodial sanctions for the construction of punitivity scales thereby making the public look less punitive than it otherwise would have done. The answer to this is that the purpose of the project was to analyse the willingness to use imprisonment in relation do different crimes, not to construct a punitivity scale that requires much more research in order not to make it arbitrary. The second reservation concerns the way the filmed versions of trials shown to focus groups were constructed that also would have led to milder judgements than "in reality". Tha answer to this is that studies undertaken within the project do not support the allegation that the accused was presented in a too favourable way. Further research could of course be carried out manipulating the presentation of the accused and other variables but that is a matter of resources. Further metodolicial issues in the project are discussed.    

  • 6.
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Ungdomsbrottslighetens utveckling i Sverige. Minskning, avmattning eller oförminskad ökning?1997In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 84, no 3, p. 153-169Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 7.
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Ungdomsbrottslighetens utveckling i Sverige. Minskning, avmattning eller oförminskad ökning1997In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Våld som (bra) samhällsproblem2010In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 97, no 3, p. 320-334Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Scandinavia, as in many other European countries, violence constitutes an important focus for the public and political debate on crime. Much of what is said in the public debate, and done in the field of criminal policy, stems from a perception that violence is on the increase. This paper challenges the view that violence is rapidly increasing. Instead it is argued that the way violence is viewed in society and the subsequent response to violent offending have changed, leading to a deviancy amplification spiral. The discussion highlights the role of neo-liberal policies and the media as actors and arena, respectively, in the reation of this altered reaction.

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  • 9.
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Våldsutvecklingen i Sverige 1974-20022005In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 92, no 3, p. 225-248Article in journal (Refereed)
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  • 10.
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Våldsutvecklingen i Sverige 1974-20022005In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Flyghed, Janne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Introduksjon2019In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 106, no 3, p. 276-279Article in journal (Other academic)
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  • 12.
    Flyghed, Janne
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Schoultz, Isabel
    Företags försvar vid anklagelser om brott - betydelsen av den nordiska kontexten2019In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 106, no 3, p. 297-314Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, several Swedish companies have been accused in the media, by NGOs, and via legal proceedings of engaging in criminal activities. Two of these companies, TeliaSonera and Lundin Petroleum have been the focus of substantial public attention. During the years following the revelations that TeliaSonera, a partly state owned telecommunications company, had committed bribery offences in Central Asia, the affair went from a public scandal in Sweden to a legal process in Sweden and abroad. Lundin Petroleum, a family owned oil company accused of participating in crimes against humanity in Sudan, has continuously denied the accusation by using a variety of denials and neutralizations. The current paper analyzes the strategies employed by these two businesses when defending themselves against allegations of criminal acts. Drawing on Stanley Cohen’s (2009) theoretical work on processes of denial and neutralization techniques, we have identified four main techniques used by the two companies to deflect allegations of criminal wrongdoing: literal denial; denial of knowledge; condemning the condemners; and appealing to a higher loyalty. In addition, we identify how the corporations emphasise their “Nordic values” by linking into a post-colonial discourse and justify their behaviour by relativising it. The article contributes to the discussion of neutralization strategies by pointing out the importance of the context in which a defence takes place.

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  • 13.
    Fredriksson, Tea
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Tall Tales and Truth Claims: The Forms and Functions of True Crime Stories in Crime Discourse2022In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 109, no 1, p. 125-131Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Gålnander, Robin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    The Lonely Road to Reform: On the Detriments of Loneliness in Women’s Desistance from Crime2022In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 109, no 1, p. 193-200Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15. Henriksen, Ann-Karina
    et al.
    Nolbeck, Kajsa
    Enell, Sofia
    Vogel, Maria A.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Andersson, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Treatment in the context of confinement: understanding the barriers and possibilities for facilitating change in at-risk youth2023In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 110, no 3, p. 312-331Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article the authors present a meta-synthesis of their studies on secure institutions in Sweden and Denmark. The aim of the metasynthesis is to explore how the context of confinement shapes the possibilities for providing treatment and positive change for at-risk youth. Drawing on meta-synthesis methodology the authors extract content from nine studies published in 20 articles. We highlight three dimensions, which are a) treatment practices and behavioural regulation, b) the carceral materialities and sociomaterial practices, and c) relations. We argue that while treatment is curtailed by confinement, improvements can be made to support more successful change among at-risk youth and smooth their transition into adulthood.

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  • 16.
    Jerre, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Ska strängare straff dömas ut vid återfall? Allmänhetens inställning till återfallsstraff enligt en nationell vinjettstudie2016In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 78-95Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Harsher punishments for repeat offenders? The public's opinion according to a Swedish vignette study

    The principle of punishing repeat offenders more severely is pretty much universal. A recurring justification in the public debate for this principle is that the 'public sentiment' demands harsher punishments for recidivists. In this study survey participants are asked to propose appropriate sanctions for five different criminal cases described in vignettes. The offender in each case is described as either having or not having previous convictions. There is little difference in the sanctions given to previously convicted and non-convicted offenders. According to the results, 'public sentiment' does not come across as sufficiently homogenous, on it's own, to legitimize a system where repeat offenders are systematically and consistently punished more severely than offenders with no previous convictions. If we are to justify enhanced punishments for repeat offenders, we should seek a more solid basis for doing so than simply relying on routine referrals to public opinion.

  • 17.
    Kagrell, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law, Department of Law.
    Consent, Autonomy, and Criminal Liability2022In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 109, no 1, p. 151-157Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Pettersson, Tove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Mat, makt och motstånd: Om konflikter inom tvångsvård2021In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 108, no 1, p. 236-250Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses how food constitutes a source of conflict at locked compulsory care institutions for youth and adults. The conflicts that arise are often about where, when and what one is allowed to eat, and can have serious consequences such as isola-tion of the inmate. Both the inmates and the staff describe these conflicts as being about »small things«. But while the staff maintains this level of interpretation, stories from the inmates reveal that in the context of the total institution, these »small things« can be very significant. The rules regarding food are both a reminder of the loss of the outside world and evidence of the loss of control and power that comes with confinement. The results show that younger inmates are more thoroughly controlled than their older counter-parts in several respects.

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  • 19.
    Rasmussen, Maria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Law.
    Provokation: Om den straffrättsliga privilegieringen av gärningar begångna i ett upprört sinnestillstånd efter annans kränkande beteende2022In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 109, no 1, p. 158-164Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    En vanlig förklaring till vissa typer av brottsliga gärningar, t.ex. misshandel och uppsåtligt dödande, är att gärningspersonen har blivit provocerad av något som offret har sagt eller gjort. Som typfall kan framhållas en situation, t.ex. i krogmiljö, där en person har känt sig förolämpad av vad någon annan sagt och i vrede begått en misshandel som riktat sig mot denna person. Sådana situationer brukar kallas för provokationssituationer och är i svensk rätt, såväl som i många andra rättsordningar, förbundna med privilegierande omstän-digheter. Med andra ord får en gärningsperson ofta ett lägre straff i en sådan situation jämfört med vad hen hade fått om hen inte hade blivit provocerad. Det aktuella avhandlingsprojektet tar sin utgångspunkt i den straffrättsliga regleringen av provokationssituationer och kommer att presenteras närmare nedan. Artikeln är disponerad i tre avsnitt som i tur och ordning behandlar projektets bakgrund, syfte och relevans.

  • 20.
    Sandahl, Julia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    School Affiliation and Offending in Stockholm: A Socio-structural Approach2022In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 109, no 1, p. 236-244Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Schoultz, Isabel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    State Crime in the Global Age (2010) Redaktörer: Chambliss William J., Michalowski Raymond & Kramer Ronald C. Willian Publishing2011In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 98, no 2, p. 102-106Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Tham, Henrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Thomas Mathiesen, Cadenza. A Professional Autobiography. London: EG Press Limited. 20172017In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 104, no 3, p. 348-352Article, book review (Other academic)
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  • 23.
    von Hofer, Hanns
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Det svenska fångtalets utveckling 1910-2010: [Swedish Incarceration Rates, 1910-2010]2012In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 99, no 2, p. 136-143Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is a summary of a speech at the 100th anniversary of the Swedish Association of Criminalists (Svenska kriminalistföreningen). The historical development of the Swedish prison population from its beginning until today is shortly described. The author argues that a considerable proportion of the increase in the Swedish prison population during the last 50 years is due to repressive policies concerning narcotic drugs. These policies not only increase the prison population, but also cause hundreds of deaths each year. Less repressive narcotic drugs policies would therefore both decrease the number of prisoners and save lives.

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  • 24.
    von Hofer, Hanns
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Francis Pakes: "Comparative Criminal Justice", Cullompton, Devon, 2 uppl., 2010. (212 s.)2011In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 98, no 3, p. 311-311Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 25.
    von Hofer, Hanns
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Långsiktiga prognoser av platsbehovet på fängelser: Long-term forecasting of prison populations2010In: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, ISSN 0029-1528, Vol. 97, no 2, p. 132-149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article discusses whether it is possible to make reliable predictions of prison populations five to ten years in advance. This period corresponds approximately to the planning period that the Swedish Prison and Probation Service considers necessary for building new prisons. After a brief description of forecasting and its various methods, three quantitative forecasting methods are discussed: trend projections, extrapolations from causal models, and statistical modelling. Swedish and international prison population data (comprising years between 1961 and 2010) are used as illustrations. It is concluded that accurate long-term forecasts are unlikely, since prison population data tend to show strong random walk patterns.

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