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  • 1.
    Andersson Joona, Pernilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Are mothers of young children more likely to be self-employed? The case of Sweden2017In: Review of Economics of the Household, ISSN 1569-5239, E-ISSN 1573-7152, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 307-333Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies, mostly from Anglo-Saxon countries, find a positive correlation between the presence of young children in the household and self-employment probabilities among women. This has been seen as an indication of women with young children choosing self-employment as a way of balancing work and family commitments. This paper studies the relationship between children and female self-employment in a country with family friendly policies and a generous welfare system: Sweden. The initial hypothesis is that we will not find evidence of a positive effect of children on self-employment among Swedish women since there are other institutions in place aiming at facilitating the combination of work and family. Using Swedish register data for the period 2004-2008 we do, however, find that the presence of young children increases the probability of choosing self-employment also among Swedish women. The effect is strongest for women with very young children, 0-3 years of age. These results also hold in a panel data model that takes individual unobserved heterogeneity into account. We also analyze time-use data and find, contrary to what has been found in many other countries, that self-employed women spend more, or as much, time on market work than wage-earning women. This raises doubts about whether women in Sweden chose self-employment as a way of balancing work and family commitments.

  • 2.
    Niknami, Susan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Intergenerational Transmission of Education among Female Immigrants2016In: Review of Economics of the Household, ISSN 1569-5239, E-ISSN 1573-7152, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 715-744Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper uses high-quality register data to perform one of the first descriptions of the patterns of intergenerational transmission of education among immigrant mothers and their daughters. The paper also raises several methodological points related to functional form and measurement error in immigrants’ education. The results show that the degree of intergenerational persistence is lower among immigrants compared to natives, and that the relationship is weaker among those who start out disadvantaged. I find large variations across different immigrant groups, which are partly explained by the first generation’s position in the educational distribution.

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