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  • 1.
    af Edholm, Klas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Religionshistoria.
    Människooffer i fornnordisk religion: En diskussion utifrån arkeologiskt material och källtexter2016Inngår i: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, nr 65, s. 125-148Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The discussion of ritual killing and sacrifice of humans in Old Norse religion has a long tradition. In the more text oriented discipline of history of religions, the opinion has sometimes been very critical to the theories that human sacrifices were performed, while the discipline of archaeology has been more inclined to interpret some finds as the traces of sacrifice, although sometimes due to a too wide definition of the word ‘sacrifice’. Since the two disciplines use different sources, the research needs an analysis of the religious phenomenon with a consideration of the archaeological material, and with respect to how the two disciplines may contribute to the analysis. The written sources mention and describe human sacrifices, but the question of their authenticity is problematic. Some new archaeological surveys have revealed finds that has raised the question of human sacrifices during Late Iron Age in the northern countries anew. The new archaeological material may provide an altered interpretation of the written texts. But then we need to discuss the definition of ‘human sacrifice’ from the perspectives of both disciplines.

  • 2.
    af Edholm, Kristoffer
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Religionshistoria.
    Risk, förlust och oviss utgång i vedisk kungaritual2016Inngår i: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, nr 65, s. 149-172Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Ritual is often seen as a safe and certain of success. That the question of risk and failure is important for our understanding of ritual has, however, been argued by an increasing number of scholars. This article analyses two Vedic śrauta rituals - the horse-sacrifice and the royal consecration - from this perspective. According to brahmanic theory, sacrifice implies a dangerous break-up of cosmic structure; once started, a ritual must be successfully brought to an end, or the performer will come out lesser than before. Royal ritual also involves political dangers: being a claim to overlordship, rivals might oppose and defeat the sacrificer. Śrauta ritual appears not as a microcosm devoid of danger and unknown outcome. Rather, risk increases a ritual’s value and is an essential part of Vedic royal ritual, wherefore the most awesome sacrifice has the highest risk factor. Danger and conflict in śrauta ritual reflect the aristocratic-agonistic culture in which it evolved.

  • 3.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Religionshistoria.
    Myt idag: Tankar om myt, politik och kultur i vår samtid 2012Inngår i: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, nr 53Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The conditions for the creation, distribution and reception of myths have changed drastically during the late modern era. Do myths exist at all in the contemporary, Western societies? If so, where are they and what do we then mean by “myth”? The article is a sketchy overview of different areas where myths might be found, and the author simultaneous tries to discuss relevant definitions of myth. From the conceptualization of myth in the Enlightenment and Romantic era the article moves on to discuss the reception of mythology in New Age spirituality, the invention of Nationalist mythologies and the issue of myths in the products of the Culture industry and commerce. The main focus is on the debatable issue wither or not the liberal, “post-politic” discourse of contemporary Westerns democracies – a discourse often presented as drained of any fantastic rhetoric and only concerned with practical, instrumental decisions – could be said to contain myths.

  • 4.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Religionshistoria.
    Utsugare!: Begreppen revisionistisk och antirevisionistisk mytologi introducerade med hjälp av en vampyr- och varulvsfilm2011Inngår i: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, nr 52, s. 21-37Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 5.
    Foxeus, Niklas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Religionshistoria.
    Simon Sorgenfrei (ed.), Mystik och andlighet – kritiska perspektiv. Stockholm: Dialogos förlag 20132014Inngår i: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, nr 60Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 6.
    Foxeus, Niklas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Religionshistoria.
    Världshärskarens fördolda krig mot de onda krafterna: föreställningar om våld, makt och intolerans i en esoterisk buddhistisk organisation i Burma2011Inngår i: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, nr 53, s. 123-148Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 7.
    Hedin, Christer
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Religionshistoria.
    Om Svenska Israelsmissionen och antisemitismen2015Inngår i: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, nr 64, s. 145-178Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    En undersökning av Svenska Israelsmisionens verksamhet i Wien 1938-1941 och det historiska underlaget för framställningen i Elisabeth Åsbrinks bok Och i Wienerwald står träden kvar. Inget talar för att kristet dop gällde som villkor för räddningsinsatser från Israelsmissionen.

  • 8.
    Kuusela, Tommy
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap.
    Bakgrund till J.R.R. Tolkiens världar – Kalevala och andra källor2013Inngår i: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, nr 59, s. 97-124Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to show how the Finnish language, and especially the epic poetry of Kalevala formed and inspired J.R.R. Tolkien in the shaping of Middle-earth. This article explores the background of Elias Lönnrot and his compilation, and compares it to the way Tolkien’s interrelated and independent stories grew and took form in what posthumously was published in a series of edited collections by his son Christopher. Reading The Lord of the Rings makes it obvious that it is part of a bigger collection of stories, unfinished tales that somehow connects with real history, legend and myth. In 2007 Christopher Tolkien published The Children of Húrin, an edited, long version of the tale of Túrin Turambar, a hero bearing close resemblances to the character Kullervo in Kalevala. This is but the tip of the iceberg, and we know from Tolkien’s fictive Elven language Quenya that it is modelled directly on Finnish, which is also true of lot of other names in his works. In his idea of “Sub-creation” he could combine elements from myth, legend, history and folklore with his fictive world, and make it seem like a primarily world. This article shows how close Elias Lönnrot and J.R.R. Tolkien where in their idea of creating what is known as "National Literature".

  • 9.
    Kuusela, Tommy
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Religionshistoria.
    "Med trehövdad turs skall du leva": sexuellt betvingade trolldom i nordisk mytologi och religion2014Inngår i: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, nr 62, s. 41-74Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to explore two case studies of Old Norse sexual charms and curses. The first case is a curse described in Skírnismál which is used by Skírnir to break Gerðr’s will, and the second is a description by Saxo Grammaticus in his Gesta Danorum of how Óðinn used sorcery to break Rind’s will and rape her. The main argument is that the terminology and worldview found therein are possible to trace in other sources, where sorcery is employed to break the will of young women and force them to have sexual intercourse with the one who uttered or carved the charm or curse. With evidence taken from runic inscriptions and accounts of love magic from saga literature, as well as younger folkloristic examples, it is argued that this is not only a mythic motif, but something that was practiced at a societal level. It is also argued that many of the charms and curses contain foul language that serves the purpose to reinforce the charms and make them more potent.

  • 10.
    Lindenfors, Patrik
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Zoologiska institutionen, Avdelningen för zoologisk ekologi. Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning.
    Jonas Svensson, Människans Muhammed2015Inngår i: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, nr 64Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 11.
    Olsson, Susanne
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Religionshistoria.
    Mohammad Fazlhashemi, Islams dynamiska mellantid: muslimsk idéhistoria mellan guldåldern och framväxten av politisk islam2016Inngår i: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, nr 66, s. 229-231Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 12.
    Olsson, Susanne
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Religionshistoria.
    Nutida islamstudier: utmaningar och problem2018Inngår i: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, Vol. 70, nr 2, s. 83-84Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary Islamic studies face some challenges and problems. This article criticizes apologetic Islamic studies performed within the frames of what Aaron Hughes calls “Islamic religious studies”, which is mainly performed by a selection of North American scholars, but as this article shows is also the case elsewhere, for example in Sweden. The article attempts to explain causes to apologetic tendencies in research on Islam and Muslims and to problematize “identity politics” that influences certain parts of Islamic studies, and instead calls for a nuanced and critical approach to Islamic studies.

  • 13.
    Olsson, Susanne
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Religionshistoria.
    Ábrahám Kovács och James L. Cox (red.). New Trends and Recurring Issues in the Study of Religion2016Inngår i: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, nr 66, s. 184-186Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 14.
    Olsson, Susanne
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Religionshistoria.
    Larsson, Göran
    Hoffmann, Thomas
    Eggen, Nora
    Digitalisering av nordiska översättningar av Koranen: En rapport från en workshop2017Inngår i: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, nr 68, s. 199-208Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 15.
    Sundqvist, Olof
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap.
    Cecilia Ljung: Under runristad häll, tidigkristna gravmonument i 1000-talets Sverige2017Inngår i: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, nr 67, s. 190-194Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 16.
    Sundqvist, Olof
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap.
    Nicolas Meylans Magic and Kingship in Medieval Iceland och en gryende tendens i nyare fornnordisk religionsforskning2016Inngår i: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, nr 65, s. 217-227Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 17.
    Sundqvist, Olof
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap.
    Paulina Partanen: Female Power, (De)Constructing the Space of Immortal Threat in Homer's Odyssey2016Inngår i: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, nr 66, s. 191-194Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 18.
    Wikström af Edholm, Klas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Religionshistoria.
    Krigsguden Tyr och Tissø2016Inngår i: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, Vol. 66, nr 2, s. 65-90Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The War god Tyr and Tissø This article discusses the archeological site Tissø on western Zealand, Denmark, and some possible interpretations of it, from a perspective of comparative religion. It includes an empirical and comparative analysis of the Old Norse source material and, to some extent, the continental Germanic and other Indo-European material. The place name has been interpreted as “The lake of Tyr”, i.e. “The lake dedicated to Tyr”, and deposited weapons have been found in the lake. Some of the previous interpretations of the god Tyr have built their arguments upon the etymological connection to Indo-European words for “heaven/ celestial” and “god”, but the Old Norse sources have not been taken satisfactory into consideration; the Old Norse material only speaks of Tyr as a god of war. The comparative Indo-European etymological material indicates that his function as sky god is archaic, while the martial traits shared with the continental Germanic and Celtic counterparts, prove that this characteristic must have evolved at an early stage. The presence of weapons in the lake and the place name show congruence with the character of the god, who’s name is given to the lake.

  • 19.
    Wikström af Edholm, Klas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Religionshistoria.
    Stephanie von Schnurbein (2016). Norse Revival: Tranformations of Germanic Neopaganism2017Inngår i: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, nr 68Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 20.
    Wikström af Edholm, Klas
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för etnologi, religionshistoria och genusvetenskap, Religionshistoria.
    Tom Shippey (2018). Laughing Shall I Die: Lives and Deaths of the Great Vikings2018Inngår i: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, nr 69Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
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