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  • 1.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
    Braj B. Kachru and Asian Englishes2019Inngår i: World Englishes, ISSN 0883-2919, E-ISSN 1467-971X, Vol. 38, nr 1-2, s. 67-77Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the range and scope of Braj Kachru's interests in Indian English and Asian Englishes, which were crucial to the development of world Englishes as a whole. The article begins with a discussion of the WE paradigm shift and then proceeds to highlight Kachru's contribution to Asian Englishes before moving on to provide an account of the contemporary dynamics of Asian Englishes from a sociolinguistic perspective. In this context, it is important to note that the field of ‘Asian Englishes’ owes much of its origins and development to the pioneer intellectual work of Braj Kachru from the 1960s onwards.

  • 2.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    City University of Hong Kong, People's Republic of China.
    The Relocation of English: Shifting Paradigms in a Global Era by Mario Saraceni2012Inngår i: World Englishes, ISSN 0883-2919, E-ISSN 1467-971X, Vol. 31, nr 3, s. 414-416Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    City University of Hong Kong, People's Republic of China.
    World Englishes and linguistic landscapes2012Inngår i: World Englishes, ISSN 0883-2919, E-ISSN 1467-971X, Vol. 31, nr 1, s. 30-33Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The growing intrusion and use of English in the public spaces of the world's cities alongside national languages and local languages has received increasing attention over the last fifteen years or so. The study of English and other languages in urban public signage has drawn the attention of anthropologists, cultural theorists, and various scholars in sociolinguistics, many of whom have contributed to a body of research on the topic of ‘linguistic landscapes’. Such work is of direct relevance to world Englishes, as the scope of WE is obviously not simply related to the analysis of particular ‘varieties of English’, but much more besides. Today, the linguistic worlds of young people in particular are becoming increasingly diverse, and the linguistic landscapes of individuals are not simply defined through physical space, but also through electronic space, global travel, media awareness and usage, popular culture, as well as the virtual space of the Internet.

  • 4.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
    World Englishes and Second Language Acquisition2018Inngår i: World Englishes, ISSN 0883-2919, E-ISSN 1467-971X, Vol. 37, nr 1, s. 5-18Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article starts with an overview of the broad field of studies concerned with world Englishes (WE), before moving on to a discussion of current debates on world Englishes, and the central issue of world Englishes and Second Language Acquisition. The later sections of this article then consider various ways of bridging the gap between the fields of world Englishes and Second Language Acquisition, highlighting the importance of a multilingual perspective in this context.

  • 5.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
    Yamuna Kachru and world Englishes2015Inngår i: World Englishes, ISSN 0883-2919, E-ISSN 1467-971X, Vol. 34, nr 1, s. 37-44Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Professor Yamuna Kachru brought an enormous energy and commitment to the world Englishes (WE) enterprise over three decades. Her research and publications were characterized by a unique intelligence, informed by her expert knowledge of South Asian linguistics, as well as a lively and curious intellect fascinated by many other aspects of language studies. Her contribution to world Englishes was lucidly informed by her own experiences of India and by her deep and comprehensive research on South Asian languages. The arc of her research career can be traced from South Asian linguistics through contrastive discourse analysis to a wide variety of research and publications on world Englishes, about which she co-authored three volumes, and published more than forty research papers. Her work continues to serve as an inspiration for WE scholars and students throughout the world.

  • 6.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    et al.
    Nanyang Technological University, Singapore .
    Botha, Werner
    Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
    English in China’s universities: Past and present2015Inngår i: World Englishes, ISSN 0883-2919, E-ISSN 1467-971X, Vol. 34, nr 2, s. 190-210Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    By many, the recent popularity of English in Chinese education, at all levels of learning, has been seen as a very modern phenomenon, which followed the opening of China in the late 1970s. In fact, the learning of English in China has a long and partly forgotten history, not least at the level of higher education. From an historical perspective, it is salutary to remember that English medium universities and colleges were first established in China in the late 19th and early 20th century. Today, all the state-run key universities in China are officially Putonghua-medium, but despite that, English has an increasing presence in university education, both in the classroom and in the personal lives of Chinese university students.

  • 7.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    et al.
    Nanyang Technological University, Singapore .
    Botha, Werner
    Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
    Researching English in contemporary China2015Inngår i: World Englishes, ISSN 0883-2919, E-ISSN 1467-971X, Vol. 34, nr 2, s. 169-174Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article provides an introduction to the range of research covered by the contributions to this special issue on English in contemporary China. The role of English in Chinese society today cannot be considered in isolation from the sociolinguistic background, as well as the social and political context of contemporary Chinese society. With reference to the present-day sociolinguistic dynamics of China, one important issue is the current spread of Putonghua as the national language across the nation, a process linked to the demands and exigencies of the state education system. With reference to the spread of English, a key issue is the relationship between the learning of English and the actual use of the language. In this context, it is relevant to consider that, in recent decades, official policies to the language have drawn their motivation from both economic and political considerations, where various ideologies have also played an important role.

  • 8.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    et al.
    Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
    Botha, Werner
    Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
    Zhang, Wei
    Peking University, Peoples Republic of China.
    English in China: A contemporary bibliography2015Inngår i: World Englishes, ISSN 0883-2919, E-ISSN 1467-971X, Vol. 34, nr 2, s. 282-292Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The list of research publications presented here is a contemporary bibliography, providing details of research articles, books, and other research outputs that were published between 2003 and 2015. The main focus of this bibliography is major works published internationally as well as in core journals from the People's Republic of China (PRC). Despite the problems concerning the representativeness of this current bibliography, the authors hope that the following list of references will usefully complement the research articles in this special issue on ‘English in contemporary China’. It is intended that the present bibliography will complement the earlier bibliographical article by Adamson et al. (2002), and serve as a guide for current and future research in this field.

  • 9.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen. Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
    Davis, Daniel R.
    Brexit and the future of English in Europe2017Inngår i: World Englishes, ISSN 0883-2919, E-ISSN 1467-971X, Vol. 36, nr 3, s. 302-312Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this issue of the journal we present a forum on a current topic of key sociolinguistic interest to both linguists and the wider population in Europe and elsewhere, that is, the expected future of the English language in a reconfigured Europe after the impending British exit (or ‘Brexit’) from Europe. The key document discussed in this forum is a position paper from Marko Modiano, which has drawn a number of responses from leading linguists across the field of world Englishes. We are sincerely thankful to Modiano for initiating this forum, and grateful also to all those that have contributed their responses to his article, which has resulted, we believe, in an insightful and lively discussion of the sociolinguistics of English and multilingualism in contemporary Europe.

  • 10.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen. Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
    Davis, Daniel R.
    Introduction: Special issue celebrating the life and work of Larry E. Smith2018Inngår i: World Englishes, ISSN 0883-2919, E-ISSN 1467-971X, Vol. 37, nr 3, s. 394-397Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This brief introduction provides a short biography of Professor Larry Eugene Smith, who passed away in December 2014. The introduction also discusses the contents of this special issue, which pays tribute to the life and work of Professor Smith. All of the sixteen substantive articles have been contributed by Larry's friends and colleagues from the US as well as from many other societies worldwide. Larry's personal and professional reach was truly international in scope, as this collection of articles bears direct witness.

  • 11.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen. Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
    Davis, Daniel R.
    Larry E. Smith’s scholarly publications: A bibliography2018Inngår i: World Englishes, ISSN 0883-2919, E-ISSN 1467-971X, Vol. 37, nr 3, s. 532-536Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a bibliography of Larry Smith's publications over a period of thirty‐four years from 1971 until 2015 (shortly after Larry's passing). The bibliography attests to Larry's creativity and originality, which helped shape the scope and range of so much of the world Englishes (WE) activities, including its openness and sensitivity to cross‐cultural communication, and deeply‐felt respect for multicultural and multilingual diversity.

  • 12.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen. Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
    Davis, Daniel R.
    Larry Smith and world Englishes2018Inngår i: World Englishes, ISSN 0883-2919, E-ISSN 1467-971X, Vol. 37, nr 3, s. 447-454Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the contribution of Professor Larry E. Smith to the field of world Englishes (WE), a linguistic and educational enterprise in which Professor Smith was a founding figure. The article traces the development of Smith's thinking on world Englishes from early attempts to theorize English as an ‘international auxiliary language’ (EIAL), to a full theorization of world Englishes as a dynamic new field of study in the 1980s and 1990s. This discussion of Larry Smith's work also acknowledges his contribution to such other related areas of study as intercultural communication, and intelligibility studies, as well as his enduring contribution to the World Englishes journal, and the International Association for World Englishes (IAWE).

  • 13.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    et al.
    Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
    Davis, Daniel R.
    University of Michigan, USA.
    With admiration, gratitude, and deep respect: In honor of Professor Yamuna Kachru (1933-2013)2015Inngår i: World Englishes, ISSN 0883-2919, E-ISSN 1467-971X, Vol. 34, nr 1, s. 3-5Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Professor Yamuna Kachru spent her early years in India, where she completed her BA and MA studies in Hindi language and literature, as well as a Diploma in Linguistics. She went to the UK in 1959, where she taught at SOAS, and completed her PhD. In 1965 she moved to the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign to join her husband Professor Braj B. Kachru in the Linguistics Department. Over the course of her career she published an impressive body of work that included research on South Asian linguistics, Hindi language studies, applied linguistics, Asian Englishes, contrastive rhetoric, discourse analysis, and cross-cultural communication. Her many awards include the Presidential Award for her research and publications on Hindi linguistics, which she received from the President of India in 2006. The collection of papers in this special issue pays tribute to her life and work, with much admiration, gratitude and deep respect.

  • 14.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    et al.
    Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
    Davis, Daniel
    Sridhar, S. N.
    Braj B. Kachru's scholarly publications: a bibliography2019Inngår i: World Englishes, ISSN 0883-2919, E-ISSN 1467-971X, Vol. 38, nr 1-2, s. 340-346Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although best known for his work on world Englishes, Braj Kachru was a truly original thinker, whose academic writings included influential publications on English linguistics, Indian languages, but much else besides, including applied linguistics, bilingualism and multilingualism, code‐mixing and switching, cross‐cultural communication, language policy, linguistic variation, literary creativity, sociolinguistics, and the politics of language. Braj B. Kachru was a renaissance scholar of immense stature, whose work brought together Indian and English linguistics with the cultural perspectives of both Asia and the West, and inspired scholars worldwide to adopt fresh perspectives on so many language issues.

  • 15.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    et al.
    Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
    Davis, Daniel
    Sridhar, S. N.
    Introduction: Special issue on the life and work of Braj B. Kachru2019Inngår i: World Englishes, ISSN 0883-2919, E-ISSN 1467-971X, Vol. 38, nr 1-2, s. 4-4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 16.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen. Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
    De Costa, Peter I.
    World Englishes and Second Language Acquisition: Introduction2018Inngår i: World Englishes, ISSN 0883-2919, E-ISSN 1467-971X, Vol. 37, nr 1, s. 2-4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Within the fields of applied linguistics, educational linguistics, and sociolinguistics, two important and overlapping fields are those of world Englishes (WE) and Second Language Acquisition (SLA). For many years, WE and SLA have co‐existed as adjacent fields of inquiry, each with their own communities of practice, scholarly journals, and academic conferences. Despite this, it has long been recognized that the two fields are not only adjacent, but interlocking at a number of levels. While world Englishes has often taken a varieties‐based approach to multilingual societies, SLA has investigated individual experiences of language learning and bilingualism. While mainstream SLA has focused on the cognitive and structural aspects of language learning, WE has been crucially concerned with the social aspects of language acquisition in multilingual societies. For a range of different reasons, it appears clear that, potentially, each of these fields has much to offer the other, in terms of theoretical perspectives as well as approaches to research and scholarship. Whether such an assumption is well founded is thus a central issue for this special issue, which explores the relationship between these two fields from theoretical as well as methodological perspectives.

  • 17.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Graddol, David
    Department of English, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong.
    Meierkord, Christiane
    Department of English, Ruhr-University Bochum.
    Towards developmental world Englishes 2011Inngår i: World Englishes, ISSN 0883-2919, E-ISSN 1467-971X, Vol. 30, nr 4, s. 459-480Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last three decades the scholars promoting the world Englishes paradigm (WE) have worked towards establishing a more positive attitude towards international varieties of English. However, despite the best intentions of Western linguists working in this field, there is an obvious imbalance between the developed and developing world in many of the contexts of English language education. Educators and teachers in many outer-circle and expanding-circle contexts face difficulties in terms of conditions, facilities, and resources very different from those of Western institutions. Academics in developing societies have parallel difficulties in publishing research, both in journals and in books from international publishers, while local options for publishing are often restricted. This paper suggests a number of ways in which linguists and other scholars might begin to engage with a range of issues related to ‘developmental world Englishes’.

  • 18.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    et al.
    Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
    Ng, Bee Chin
    Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
    The dynamics of multilingualism in contemporary Singapore2014Inngår i: World Englishes, ISSN 0883-2919, E-ISSN 1467-971X, Vol. 33, nr 3, s. 307-318Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Historically, Singapore was home to a heterogeneous and highly multilingual population from across the Asian region and elsewhere in the world. In contrast with its historical past, or even the early days of the post-colonial period, Singapore's earlier diverse and linguistically heterogeneous society has evolved into a multi-ethnic nation state, with four official languages, of which three are recognised ‘mother tongues’. This paper reviews the historical and contemporary dynamics of multilingualism in the Singapore community, and also serves as an introduction to the five other papers in this symposium on ‘English in multilingual Singapore’.

  • 19.
    Bolton, Kingsley
    et al.
    Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
    Smith, Larry E.
    Christopher, Smith & Associates, LLC, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.
    Sridhar, And S. N.
    Stony Brook University, USA .
    Professor Yamuna Kachru’s scholarly work: A bibliography2015Inngår i: World Englishes, ISSN 0883-2919, E-ISSN 1467-971X, Vol. 34, nr 1, s. 164-168Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article comprises an extensive bibliography that maps the arc of Professor Yamuna Kachru's publications over a period of forty-six years, from 1965–2011. This bibliography not only reflects the productivity of Professor Kachru's scholarly endeavors, but also provides a testament to the breadth and diversity of her academic and research interests, which is also the focus of the substantive articles contributed to this special issue. It is our intention that this bibliography should not only stand as a record of a remarkable and inspiring academic leader, but also as a point of reference for future generations of scholars, who, in their turn, will be inspired by her research.

  • 20.
    Domange, Raphaël
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    A language contact perspective on Indian English phonology2015Inngår i: World Englishes, ISSN 0883-2919, E-ISSN 1467-971X, Vol. 34, nr 4, s. 533-556Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The direction taken by research on Indian English (IE) phonology has been largely determined by the ‘non-native’ status which is attributed to this variety. Its form is generally considered to be governed by the combined effects of an idealised model serving as the target in acquisition, and transfers from the different language backgrounds of the speakers. This article adopts a different perspective on the issue, and intends to show the crucial importance of acknowledging the diachronic dimension when discussing varieties, native and non-native alike. It is proposed that features of present-day IE vowel inventory can be traced back to non-southern British English input in the dialect formation processes, thus suggesting continuity through time rather than ever-repeated deviations from the hypothesised target.

  • 21.
    Kingsley, Bolton
    Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
    World Englishes and international call centres2013Inngår i: World Englishes, ISSN 0883-2919, E-ISSN 1467-971X, Vol. 32, nr 4, s. 495-502Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Call centres (or telephone ‘contact centres’) of various kinds have become an increasing fact of life for many people in Europe, North America and other developed economies. Although telephone contact centres may be dated back to the 1960s and 1970s in the US, their intrusion into the lives of British and US consumers has grown exponentially since the 1980s. Since the early 2000s, however, a significant number of call centre operations have been outsourced to such destinations as India and the Philippines, thereby raising a number of issues relating to language and globalisation and the politics of English as an international language.

  • 22.
    Sundkvist, Peter
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Pulmonic ingressive speech in Shetland English2012Inngår i: World Englishes, ISSN 0883-2919, E-ISSN 1467-971X, Vol. 31, nr 4, s. 434-448Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a study of pulmonic ingressive speech, a severely understudied phenomenon within varieties of English. While ingressive speech has been reported for several parts of the British Isles, New England, and eastern Canada, thus far Newfoundland appears to be the only locality where researchers have managed to provide substantial evidence from audio recordings. The present investigation is based on a digital speech corpus consisting of over 40 hours of interviews, recorded between 1980 and 1985 throughout the entire Shetland archipelago, including the most remote isles; speech samples from 49 men and 47 women are included in the corpus. Ingressive speech was found throughout the Shetland Isles, and occurred on discourse particles representing yes and no responses, such as yeah, aye, no, and mmm. It was attested for 27 per cent of males and 32 per cent of females, although significantly more tokens were contributed by females. Both voiced and voiceless ingressives were encountered, which revealed further clues to potential gender marking: 72 per cent of all tokens from males were voiceless, and 65 per cent of tokens from females were voiced. While the paper provides firm evidence for ingressive speech in Shetland, it also discusses recent observations indicative of a decline in ingressive speech within the isles.

  • 23.
    Sundkvist, Peter
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Engelska institutionen.
    Gao, Man
    Rhoticity in Yunnan English2016Inngår i: World Englishes, ISSN 0883-2919, E-ISSN 1467-971X, Vol. 35, nr 1, s. 42-59Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a study of the pronunciation of English by speakers from Yunnan Province in Southwest China. Eight non-English major undergraduate students participated in three tasks: an informal interview, reading a text, and a dialectological-style questionnaire. The degree of rhoticity was assessed based on auditory analysis, with an inter-rater agreement of 97 per cent. The results revealed significant inter-speaker variation: two informants were virtually non-rhotic whereas the remaining six were rhotic to a considerable degree. Intra-speaker variation among these six was furthermore systematic: the degree of rhoticity was lowest in the interview, intermediate in reading, and highest in the questionnaire. These results are discussed with reference to several factors, including the level of formality and attention to speech triggered by the tasks, potentially emerging norms for rhoticity, and the stage of development of a local form of ‘Yunnan English’.

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