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  • 1.
    Bouchard, Marie-Eve
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.
    Ongoing change in post-independence Sao Tome: The use of rhotics as a marker of national identity among young speakers of Santomean Portuguese2019In: Language Variation and Change, ISSN 0954-3945, E-ISSN 1469-8021, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 21-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines variation in the use of rhotics in Santomean Portuguese. In Portuguese, the distribution of rhotics is determined by syllable structure (Bonet & Mascaro, 1997). However, the emerging variety of Portuguese spoken in Sao Tome and Principe diverges from the standard norm and shows great variability in its use of rhotics; specifically, Santomeans often use a strong-R in positions that require a weak-r in European and Brazilian Portuguese. Sociolinguistic interviews with 56 speakers from the capital of Sao Tome and Principe and its surroundings provide 5287 data points for analysis. Based on the apparent-time construct (Bailey, 2004; Bailey et al., 1991), variation patterns show a language change in progress in the use of the strong-R, with younger speakers using it more frequently. Results also reveal the emergence of rhotic fricatives in the speech of Santomeans born after the independence of the country.

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