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  • 1.
    Adrian Meredith, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Björklund, Catarina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Adolfsson, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Jansson, Katarina
    Hallberg, Anders
    Institutionen för läkemedelskemi, Uppsala universitet.
    Rosenquist, Åsa
    Samuelsson, Bertil
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    P2’-truncated BACE-1 inhibitors with a novel hydroxethylene-like core2010In: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, ISSN 0223-5234, E-ISSN 1768-3254, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 542-554Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Highly potent BACE-1 protease inhibitors derived from a novel hydroxyethylene-like core structure were recently developed by our group using X-ray crystal structure data and molecular modelling. In a continuation of this work guided by molecular modelling we have explored a truncated core motif where the P2’ amide group is replaced by an ether linkage resulting in a set of alkoxy, aryloxy and alkylaryl groups, with the overall aim to reduce molecular weight and the number of amide bonds to increase permeability and bestow the inhibitors with drug-like features. The most potent of these inhibitors displayed a BACE-1 IC50 value of 140 nM. The synthesis of these BACE-1 inhibitors utilizes readily available starting materials, furnishing the target compounds in good overall yields.

  • 2.
    Adrian Meredith, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Wallberg, Hans
    Vrang, Lotta
    Oscarson, Stefan
    Centre for Synthesis and Chemical Biology, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland.
    Parkes, Kevin
    Hallberg, Anders
    Institutionen för läkemedelskemi, Uppsala universitet.
    Samuelsson, Bertil
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Design and Synthesis of Novel P2 Substituents in Diol-based HIV Protease Inhibitors2010In: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, ISSN 0223-5234, E-ISSN 1768-3254, Vol. 45, no 1, p. 160-170Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The synthesis and SAR of HIV-1 protease inhibitors containing novel P2 structural elements are presented. The inhibitors were designed having hydrogen bond accepting P2 substituents to probe potential favorable interactions to Asp-29/Asp-30 of the HIV-1 protease backbone utilizing inhibitor 3 as a model template. Several inhibitors were synthesized from an L-Val-methylamide P2 motif by appending hydrogen bonding moieties from either the isopropyl side chain or from the methylamide portion. The most promising inhibitors 4a and 4e displayed Ki values of 1.0 nM and 0.7 nM respectively and EC50 values in the MT4 cell-based assay of 0.17 µM and 0.33 µM respectively, a slight loss in potency compared to lead inhibitor 3. These inhibitors were also tested against an HIV protease inhibitor resistant strain carrying the M46I, V82F, and I84V mutations. Inhibitors 4a and 4e displayed a 3 and 4 fold change respectively compared with HIV wild type, whereas lead inhibitor 3 showed a higher 9 fold change. This study further demonstrate the chemical tractability of the approach where various P2 substituents can be introduced in just one chemical step from lactone x enabling facile modifications of the overall properties in this inhibitor class.

  • 3. George, Riham F.
    et al.
    Ismail, Nasser S. M.
    Stawinski, Jacek
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Girgis, Adel S.
    Design, synthesis and QSAR studies of dispiroindole derivatives as new antiproliferative agents2013In: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, ISSN 0223-5234, E-ISSN 1768-3254, Vol. 68, p. 339-351Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A variety of 4'-ary1-3-(arylmethylidene)-1 ''-[(cyclic-amino)methylene]-1'-methyl-dispiro[cyclohexane-1,3'-pyrrolidine-2',3 ''-[3H]indole]-2,2 ''(1H)-diones 4a-u were prepared via reaction of 2E,6E-bis(arylidene)-1-cyclohexanones 1a-i with azomethine ylides, generated in situ via a decarboxylative condensation of isatins 2a-c and sarcosine (3). Single crystal X-ray study of 4a, revealed structural and stereochemical features of these derivatives. While most of the synthesized compounds exhibit mild antitumor properties when tested against various human tumor cell lines (HEPG2 liver, HELA cervical and PD prostate cancers), three of them, 4d and 4p (active against HEPG2), and compound 4g (active against HELA), demonstrated higher activities, that were close or even higher than that of the reference standard Doxorubicin. QSAR studies revealed good predictive and statistically significant 3 descriptor models (r(2) = 0.903-0.812, r(adjusted)(2) = 0.855-0.672, r(prediction)(2) = 0.773-0.605).

  • 4. Girgis, Adel S.
    et al.
    Stawinski, Jacek
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Ismail, Nasser S. M.
    Farag, Hanaa
    Synthesis and QSAR study of novel cytotoxic spiro[3H-indole-3,2 '(1 ' H)-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole]-2,3 ',5 '(1H,2 ' aH,4 ' H)-triones2012In: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, ISSN 0223-5234, E-ISSN 1768-3254, Vol. 47, p. 312-322Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    1,3-Dipolar cycloaddition reaction of 1-aryl-1H-pyrrole-2,5-diones 1a-e with non-stabilized azomethine ylides, generated in situ via decarboxylative condensation of isatins 2a-c and sarcosine (3) in refluxing ethanol, afforded 4'-aryl-5'a,6'-dihydro-1'-methyl-spiro[3H-indole-3,2'(1 ' H)-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole]-2,3',5'(1H,2'aH,4'H)-triones 4a-o in good yields. Compound 4I exhibited high anti-tumor activity against HEPG2 (liver cancer) cell line (IC50 = 12.16 mu M) compared to that of Doxorubicin (IC50= 7.36 mu M), and the other synthesized compounds revealed moderate anti-tumor properties against HCT116 (colon), MCF7 (breast) and HEPG2 (liver) human tumor cell lines. 3D-Pharmacophore modeling and quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) analysis were combined to explore the structural requirements controlling the observed anti-tumor properties. It was found that the major structural factors affecting potency of these compounds were related to their basic skeleton.

  • 5. Wangsell, Fredrik
    et al.
    Gustafsson, Karin
    Kvarnström, Ingemar
    Borkakoti, Neera
    Edlund, Michael
    Jansson, Katarina
    Lindberg, Jimmy
    Hallberg, Anders
    Rosenquist, Asa
    Samuelsson, Bertil
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Synthesis of potent BACE-1 inhibitors incorporating a hydroxyethylene isostere as central core2010In: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, ISSN 0223-5234, E-ISSN 1768-3254, Vol. 45, no 3, p. 870-882Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We herein describe the design and synthesis of a series of BACE-1 inhibitors incorporating a P1-substituted hydroxyl ethylene transition state isostere. The synthetic route starting from commercially available carbohydrates yielded a pivotal lactone intermediate with excellent stereochemical control which subsequently could be diversified at the PI-position. The final inhibitors were optimized using three different amines to provide the residues in the P2'-P3' position and three different acids affording the residues in the P2-P3 position. In addition we report on the stereochemical preference of the P1'-methyl substituent in the synthesized inhibitors. All inhibitors were evaluated in an in vitro BACE-I assay where the most potent inhibitor, 34-(R), exhibited a BACE-1 IC50 Value of 3.1 nM.

1 - 5 of 5
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