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  • 1. Abbasi, Alireza
    et al.
    Damian Risberg, Emiliana
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical, Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Mink, Janos
    Persson, Ingmar
    Sandström, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Sidorov, Yurii V.
    Skripkin, Mikhail Yu.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Ullström, Ann-Sofi
    Crystallographic and Vibrational Spectroscopic Studies of Octakis(dimethyl sulfoxide)lanthanoid(III) Iodides2007In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 46, no 19, p. 7731-7741Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The octakis(DMSO) (DMSO = dimethylsulfoxide) neodymium(III), samarium(III), gadolinium(III), dysprosium(III), erbium(III), and lutetium(III) iodides crystallize in the monoclinic space group P21/n (No. 14) with Z = 4, while the octakis(DMSO) iodides of the larger lanthanum(III), cerium(III), and praseodymium(III) ions crystallize in the orthorhombic space group Pbca (No. 61), Z = 8. In all [Ln(OS(Me2)8]I3 compounds the lanthanoid(III) ions coordinate eight DMSO oxygen atoms in a distorted square antiprism. Up to three of the DMSO ligands were found to be disordered and were described by two alternative configurations related by a twist around the metal−oxygen (Ln−O) bond. To resolve the atomic positions and achieve reliable Ln−O bond distances, complete semirigid DMSO molecules with restrained geometry and partial occupancy were refined for the alternative sites. This disorder model was also applied on previously collected data for the monoclinic octakis(DMSO)yttrium(III) iodide. At ambient temperature, the eight Ln−O bond distances are distributed over a range of about 0.1 Å. The average value increases from Ln−O 2.30, 2.34, 2.34, 2.36, 2.38, 2.40 to 2.43 Å (Ln = Lu, Er, Y, Dy, Gd, Sm, and Nd) for the monoclinic [Ln(OSMe2)8]I3 structures, and from 2.44, 2.47 to 2.49 Å (Ln = Pr, Ce, and La) for the orthorhombic structures, respectively. The average of the La−O and Nd−O bond distances remained unchanged at 100 K, 2.49 and 2.43 Å, respectively. Despite longer bond distances and larger Ln−O−S angles, the cell volumes are smaller for the orthorhombic structures (Ln = Pr, Ce, and La) than for the monoclinic structure with Ln = Nd, showing a more efficient packing arrangement. Raman and IR absorption spectra for the [Ln(OS(CH3)2)8]I3 (Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Gd, Tb, Dy, Er, Lu, and Y) compounds, also deuterated for La and Y, have been recorded and analyzed by means of normal coordinate methods. The force constants for the Ln−O and S−O stretching modes in the complexes increase with decreasing Ln−O bond distance and show increasing polarization of the bonds for the smaller and heavier lanthanoid(III) ions.

  • 2.
    Abdelhamid, Hani Nasser
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Huang, Zhehao
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    El-Zhory, Ahmed M.
    Haoquan, Zheng
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Zou, Xiaodong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    A Fast and Scalable Approach for Synthesis of Hierarchical Porous Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks and One-Pot Encapsulation of Target Molecules2017In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 56, no 15, p. 9139-9146Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A trimethylamine (TEA)-assisted synthesis approach that combines the preparation of hierarchical porous zeolitic imidazolate framework ZIF-8 nanoparticles and one-pot encapsulation of target molecules is presented. Two dye molecules, rhodamine B (RhB) and methylene blue (MB), and one protein (bovine serum albumin, BSA) were tested as the target molecules. The addition of TEA into the solution of zinc nitrate promoted the formation of ZnO nanocrystals, which rapidly transformed to ZIF-8 nanoparticles after the addition of the linker 2-methylimidazole (Hmim). Hierarchical porous dye@ZIF-8 nanoparticles with high crystallinity, large BET surface areas (1300–2500 m2/g), and large pore volumes (0.5–1.0 cm3/g) could be synthesized. The synthesis procedure was fast (down to 2 min) and scalable. The Hmim/Zn ratio could be greatly reduced (down to 2:1) compared to previously reported ones. The surface areas, and the mesopore size, structure, and density could be modified by changing the TEA or dye concentrations, or by postsynthetic treatment using reflux in methanol. This synthesis and one-pot encapsulation approach is simple and can be readily scaled up. The photophysical properties such as lifetime and photostability of the dyes could be tuned via encapsulation. The lifetimes of the encapsulated dyes were increased by 3–27-fold for RhB@ZIF-8 and by 20-fold for MB@ZIF-8, compared to those of the corresponding free dyes. The synthesis approach is general, which was successfully applied for encapsulation of protein BSA. It could also be extended for the synthesis of hierarchical porous cobalt-based ZIF (dye@ZIF-67).

  • 3. Abrahamsson, Maria
    et al.
    Wolpher, Henriette
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Johansson, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Larsson, Jan
    Kritikos, Mikael
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical, Inorganic and Structural Chemistry, Structural Chemistry.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical, Inorganic and Structural Chemistry, Structural Chemistry.
    Norrby, Per-Ola
    Bergquist, Jonas
    Sun, Licheng
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Åkermark, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Hammarström, Leif
    A New Strategy for Improvement of Photophysical Properties in Ruthenium(II) Polypyridyl Complexes. Synthesis, Photophysical and Electrochemical characterisation of Six Mononuclear Ruthenium(II) Bisterpyridine Type Complexes2005In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 44, no 9, p. 3215-3225Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The synthesis and characterization of six ruthenium(II) bistridentate polypyridyl complexes is described. These were designed on the basis of a new approach to increase the excited-state lifetime of ruthenium(II) bisterpyridine-type complexes. By the use of a bipyridylpyridyl methane ligand in place of terpyridine, the coordination environment of the metal ion becomes nearly octahedral and the rate of deactivation via ligand-field (i.e., metal-centered) states was reduced as shown by temperature-dependent emission lifetime studies. Still, the possibility to make quasi-linear donor−ruthenium−acceptor triads is maintained in the complexes. The most promising complex shows an excited-state lifetime of τ = 15 ns in alcohol solutions at room temperature, which should be compared to a lifetime of τ = 0.25 ns for [Ru(tpy)2]2+. The X-ray structure of the new complex indeed shows a more octahedral geometry than that of [Ru(tpy)2]2+. Most importantly, the high excited-state energy was retained, and thus, so was the potential high reactivity of the excited complex, which has not been the case with previously published strategies based on bistridentate complexes.

  • 4. Alammar, Tarek
    et al.
    Hamm, Ines
    Grasmik, Viktoria
    Wark, Michael
    Mudring, Anja-Verena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Iowa State University, United States; U.S. Department of Energy, United States; Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany.
    Microwave-Assisted Synthesis of Perovskite SrSnO3 Nanocrystals in Ionic Liquids for Photocatalytic Applications2017In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 56, no 12, p. 6920-6932Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nanosized SrSnO3 photocatalysts have been successfully synthesized by microwave synthesis in various ionic liquids (ILs) followed by a heat treatment process to optimize the materials' crystallinity. The influence of the ILs with various cations such as 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium ([C(4)mim](+)), 6-bis(3-methylimidazolium-1-yl)hexane ([C-6(mim)(2)](2+)), butylpyridinium ([C4Py](+)), and tetradecyltrihexylphosphonium ([P-66614](+)) and bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide ([Tf2N](-)) as the anion on the structure, crystallization, and morphology of the products was investigated. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetry (TG), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), surface area analysis by gas adsorption, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), diffuse reflectance UV vis spectroscopy, and Raman and IR spectroscopy. According to structure characterization by XRD and Raman spectroscopy all samples wcrystallized phase-pure in the orthorhombic GdFeO3 perovskite structure type. SEM reveals that, on the basis of the IL, th(e) obtained SrSnO3 nanoparticles exhibit different morphologies and sizes. Rod-shaped particles are formed in [C(4)minn][Tf2N], [C-6(mim)(2)][Tf2N](2), and p [P-66614][Tf2N]. However, the particle dimensions and size distribution vary depending on the IL and range from quite thin and long needlelike partinles with a narrow size distribution obtained in [P-66614] [TfA to relatively larger particles with a broader size distribution obtained in [C-6(mim)(2)][Tf2N](2). In contrast, in [C4Py][Tf2N] nanospheres with a diameter of about 50 nm form. For these particles the highest photocatalytic activity was observed. Our investigations indicate that the improved photocatalytic activity of this material results from the synergistic effect of the relatively large surface area associated with nanosize and an appropriate energy band structure.

  • 5.
    Algarra, Andres G.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Aullon, Gabriel
    Bemhardt, Paul V.
    Martinez, Manuel
    Computational Insights on the Geometrical Arrangements of Cu(II) with a Mixed-Donor N3S3 Macrobicyclic Ligand2014In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 53, no 1, p. 512-521Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The macrobicyclic mixed-donor N3S3 cage ligand AMME-N(3)S(3)sar (1-methyl-8-amino-3,13,16-trithia-6,10,19-triazabicyclo[6.6.6]eicosane) can form complexes with Cu(II) in which it acts as hexadentate (N3S3) or tetradentate (N2S2) donor. These two complexes are in equilibrium that is strongly influenced by the presence of halide ions (Br- and Cl-) and the nature of the solvent (DMSO, MeCN, and H2O). In the absence of halides the hexadentate coordination mode of the ligand is preferred and the encapsulated complex (Cu-in(2+)) is formed. Addition of halide ions in organic solvents (DMSO or MeCN) leads to the tetradentate complex (Cu-out(+)) in a polyphasic kinetic process, but no Cu-out(+) complex is formed when the reaction is performed in water. Here we applied density functional theory calculations to study the mechanism of this interconversion as well as to understand the changes in the reactivity associated with the presence of water. Calculations were performed at the B3LYP/(SDD,6-31G**) level, in combination with continuum (MeCN) or discrete-continuum (H2O) solvent models. Our results show that formation of Cu-out(+) in organic media is exergonic and involves sequential halide-catalyzed inversion of the configuration of a N-donor of the macrocycle, rapid halide coordination, and inversion of the configuration of a S-donor. In aqueous solution the solvent is found to have an effect on both the thermodynamics and the kinetics of the reaction. Thermodynamically, the process becomes endergonic mainly due to the preferential solvation of halide ions by water, while the kinetics is influenced by formation of a network of H-bonded water molecules that surrounds the complex.

  • 6.
    Ali, S. K. Imran
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Kremer, Reinhard K.
    Johnsson, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Hydrothermal Synthesis of the Oxofluoride FeSbO2F2-An Anti-ferromagnetic Spin S=5/2 Compound2017In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 56, no 8, p. 4662-4667Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The new oxofluoride compound FeSbO2F2 was synthesized by hydro thermal techniques at 230 degrees C. Its crystal structure was determined from single-crystal Xray diffraction data. The compound crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/c with one crystallographic site for Fe3+ and SP3+, respectively. The crystal structure is made of [FeO2F4] octahedra and seesaw [SbO4] building blocks. These are connected to form [FeO2F2] layers and [SbO2] chains that bond together via the oxygen atoms to form the three-dimensional framework structure. Magnetic susceptibility and heat capacity measurements indicate long-range anti-ferromagnetic ordering below a Neel temperature of similar to 175 K Two-dimensional anti-ferromagnetic short-range order in the square planar net of the Fe3+ cations extends to temperatures far above the Neel temperature.

  • 7.
    Ali, Sk Imran
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Kremer, Reinhard K.
    Johnsson, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Hydrothermal Synthesis and Magnetic Characterization of the Quaternary Oxide CoMo2Sb2O102016In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 55, no 21, p. 11490-11496Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The new quaternary layered oxide CoMo2Sb2O10 was synthesized by hydrothermal synthesis techniques, and its structure was determined from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data. CoMo2Sb2O10 crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/c with one Sb3+, Mo6+, and Co2+ atom site per unit cell, respectively. The crystal structure contains building units consisting of [Co2O8](n), [Mo2O8](n), and [SbO2](n) chains. These are connected through corner sharing to form charge neutral [CoMo2Sb2O10](n) layers. Thermal decomposition of CoMo2Sb2O10 starts at 550 degrees C. The magnetic susceptibility follows a Curie Weiss law above 50 K with a Curie constant of C = 3.46 emu K mol(-1) corresponding to an effective moment of mu(eff) = 5.26 mu(B) per cobalt atom and a Curie-Weiss temperature theta = -13.2 K. Short-range anti-ferromagnetic ordering dominates below 5 K. Magnetic susceptibility and heat capacity data can be successfully modeled by the predictions from an Ising linear chain with an intrachain spin exchange of ca. -7.8 K.

  • 8.
    Alonso Mori, Roberto
    et al.
    Universita di Camerino, Italy.
    Paris, E.
    Universita di Camerino, Italy.
    Giuli, G.
    Universita di Camerino, Italy.
    Eeckhout, S.G.
    European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF).
    Kavčič, M.
    J. Stefan Institute, Slovenia.
    Žitnik, M.
    J. Stefan Institute, Slovenia.
    Bučar, K.
    J. Stefan Institute, Slovenia.
    Pettersson, Lars G.M.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Glatzel, Pieter
    European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF).
    Sulfur-Metal Orbital Hybridization in Sulfur-Bearing Compounds Studied by X-ray Emission Spectroscopy2010In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 49, p. 6468-6473Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     

     

    The electronic structure and ligand environment of sulfur was investigated in various sulfur-containing compounds with different structures and chemical states by using X-ray emission spectroscopy (XES). Calculations were performed using density functional theory (DFT) as implemented in the StoBe code. The sulfur chemical state and atomic environment is discussed in terms of the molecular orbitals and partial charges that are obtained from the calculations. The main spectral features can be modeled using our calculational approach. The sensitivity of the K β

    emission to thecation and the local symmetry is discussed.

  • 9. Bacher, Felix
    et al.
    Doemoetoer, Orsolya
    Kaltenbrunner, Maria
    Mojovic, Milos
    Popovic-Bijelic, Ana
    Gräslund, Astrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Ozarowski, Andrew
    Filipovic, Lana
    Radulovic, Sinisa
    Enyedy, Eva A.
    Arion, Vladimir B.
    Effects of Terminal Dimethylation and Metal Coordination of Proline-2-formylpyridine Thiosemicarbazone Hybrids on Lipophilicity, Antiproliferative Activity, and hR2 RNR Inhibition2014In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 53, no 23, p. 12595-12609Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The nickel(II), copper(II), and zinc(II) complexes of the proline-thiosemicarbazone hybrids 3-methyl-(S)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylate-2-formylpyridine thiosemicarbazone (l-Pro-FTSC or (S)-H2L1) and 3-methyl-(R)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylate-2-formylpyridine thiosemicarbazone (d-Pro-FTSC or (R)-H2L1), as well as 3-methyl-(S)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylate-2-formylpyridine 4,4-dimethyl-thiosemicarbazone (dm-l-Pro-FTSC or (S)-H2L2), namely, [Ni(l-Pro-FTSC-2H)](2) (1), [Ni(d-Pro-FTSC-2H)](2) (2), [Ni(dm-l-Pro-FTSC-2H)](2) (3), [Cu(dm-l-Pro-FTSC-2H)] (6), [Zn(l-Pro-FTSC-2H)] (7), and [Zn(d-Pro-FTSC-2H)] (8), in addition to two previously reported, [Cu(l-Pro-FTSC-2H)] (4), [Cu(d-Pro-FTSC-2H)] (5), were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, one- and two-dimensional (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, circular dichroism, UV-vis, and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Compounds 1-3, 6, and 7 were also studied by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Magnetic properties and solid-state high-field electron paramagnetic resonance spectra of 2 over the range of 50-420 GHz were investigated. The complex formation processes of l-Pro-FTSC with nickel(II) and zinc(II) were studied in aqueous solution due to the excellent water solubility of the complexes via pH potentiometry, UV-vis, and (1)H NMR spectroscopy. The results of the antiproliferative activity in vitro showed that dimethylation improves the cytotoxicity and hR2 RNR inhibition. Therefore, introduction of more lipophilic groups into thiosemicarbazone-proline backbone becomes an option for the synthesis of more efficient cytotoxic agents of this family of compounds.

  • 10. Basnayake, Sajani A.
    et al.
    Su, Jie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Zou, Xiaodong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Balkus, Kenneth J., Jr.
    Carbonate-Based Zeolitic Imidazolate Framework for Highly Selective CO2 Capture2015In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 1816-1821Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we report the formation of a new crystal structure, ZIF-CO3-1, which results from the reaction of Zn2+, 2-methylimidazole, and carbonate. ZIF-CO3-1 can be synthesized solvothermally in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF)/water (H2O) or by utilizing of CO2 gas at various temperatures in DMF/H2O or H2O. This reaction selectively consumes CO2 because CO2 is incorporated in the ZIF as carbonate. CO2 can be quantitatively released by acidifying the ZIF. Powder X-ray diffraction, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, FTIR spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, elemental analysis, and thermogravimetric analysis were used to characterize the ZIF structure. ZIF-CO3-1 (chemical formula C9H(10)N4O(3)Zn(2)), crystallizes in the orthorhombic crystal system with noncentrosymmetric space group Pba2.

  • 11. Benson, Daryn
    et al.
    Li, Yanling
    Luo, Wei
    Ahuja, Rajeev
    Svensson, Gunnar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Häussermann, Ulrich
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Lithium and Calcium Carbides with Polymeric Carbon Structures2013In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 52, no 11, p. 6402-6406Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We studied the binary carbide systems Li2C2 and CaC2 at high pressure using an evolutionary and ab initio random structure search methodology for crystal structure prediction. At ambient pressure Li2C2 and CaC2 represent salt-like acetylides consisting of C-2(2-) dumbbell anions. The systems develop into semimetals (P (3) over bar m1-Li2C2) and metals (Cmcm-Li2C2, Cmcm-CaC2, and Immm-CaC2) with polymeric anions (chains, layers, strands) at moderate pressures (below 20 GPa). Cmcm-CaC2 is energetically closely competing with the ground, state structure. Polyanionic forms of carbon 4 stabilized by electrostatic interactions with surrounding cations add a new feature to carbon chemistry. SemimetallicP (3) over bar m1-Li2C2 displays an electronic structure close to that of graphene. The pi* band, however, is hybridized with Li-sp states and changed into a bonding valence band. Metallic forms are predicted to be superconductors. Calculated critical temperatures may exceed 10 K for equilibrium volume structures.

  • 12. Berggren, Gustav
    et al.
    Thapper, Anders
    Huang, Ping
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Styring, Stenbjörn
    Ander, Magnus F.
    Mechanistic Studies on the Water-Oxidizing Reaction of Homogeneous Manganese-Based Catalysts: Isolation and Characterization of a Suggested Catalytic Intermediate2011In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 50, no 8, p. 3425-3430Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The synthesis, isolation, and characterization of two high-valent manganese dimers with isomeric ligands are reported. The complexes are synthesized and crystallized from solutions of low-valent precursors exposed to tert-butyl hydroperoxide. The crystal structures display centrosymmetric complexes consisting of Mn(2)(IV,IV)(mu-O)(2) cores, with one ligand coordinating to each manganese. The ligands coordinate with the diaminoethane backbone, the carboxylate, and one of the two pyridines, while the second pyridine is noncoordinating. The activity of these complexes, under water oxidation conditions, is discussed in light of a proposed mechanism for water oxidation, in which this type of complexes have been suggested as a key intermediate.

  • 13.
    Bonneau, Charlotte
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical, Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical, Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Sanchez-Smith, Rebeca
    Guo, Bing
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical, Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Zhang, Daliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical, Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Inge, Andrew Kentaro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical, Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Edén, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical, Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Zou, Xiaodong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical, Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Open-Framework Germanate Built from the Hexagonal Packing of Rigid Cylinders2009In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 48, no 21, p. 9962-9964Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a novel open-framework oxide material constructed from Ge10(O,OH)28 (Ge10) oxide clusters prepared via a nonsurfactant route. The material shows two distinct pore windows of 9.43 and 4.65 Å and a low framework density structure of 12.7 Ge atoms per 1000 Å3. The topological study leads to the recognition of a newly observed trinodal 6,7-heterocoordinated net related to the 7-coordinated swh net. The structure displays large rigid cylinders showing features indicating a growth mechanism by hard-sphere packing of the inorganic moiety similar to that observed in mesoporous materials.

  • 14.
    Borowski, Tomasz
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Bassan, Arianna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    Siegbahn, Per E. M.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
    A Hybrid Density Functional Study of O-O Bond Cleavage and Phenyl Ring Hydroxylation for a Biomimetic Non-Heme Iron Complex2004In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 43, no 10, p. 3277-3291Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Density functional calculations using the B3LYP functional have been used to study the reaction mechanism of [Fe(TpPh2)BF] (TpPh2 = hydrotris(3,5-diphenylpyrazol-1-yl)borate; BF = benzoylformate) with dioxygen. This mononuclear non-heme iron(II) complex was recently synthesized, and it proved to be the first biomimetic complex reproducing the dioxygenase activity of α-ketoglutarate-dependent enzymes. Moreover, the enthalpy and entropy of activation for this biologically interesting process were derived from kinetic experiments offering a unique possibility for direct comparison of theoretical and experimental data. The results reported here support a mechanism in which oxidative decarboxylation of the keto acid is the rate-limiting step. This oxygen activation process proceeds on the septet potential energy surface through a transition state for a concerted O−O and C−C bond cleavage. In the next step, a high-valent iron−oxo species performs electrophilic attack on the phenyl ring of the TpPh2 ligand leading to an iron(III)−radical σ-complex. Subsequent proton-coupled electron-transfer yields an iron(II)−phenol intermediate, which can bind dioxygen and reduce it to a superoxide radical. Finally, the protonated superoxide radical leaves the first coordination sphere of the iron(III)−phenolate complex and dismutates to dioxygen and hydrogen peroxide. The calculated activation barrier (enthalpy and entropy) and the overall reaction energy profile agree well with experimental data. A comparison to the enzymatic process, which is suggested to occur on the quintet surface, has been made.

  • 15.
    Chen, Hong
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). China University of Geosciences, China.
    Zhao, Huishuang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Changzhou Institute of Engineering Technology, China.
    Yu, Zheng-Bao
    Wang, Lei
    Sun, Licheng
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Peking University, China.
    Construct Polyoxometalate Frameworks through Covalent Bonds2015In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 54, no 17, p. 8699-8704Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An emerging strategy for exploring the application of polyoxometalates (POMs) is to assemble POM clusters into open-framework materials, especially inorganic organic hybrid three-dimensional (3D) open-framework materials, via the introduction of different organic linkers between the POM clusters. This strategy has yielded a few 3D crystalline POMs of which a typical class is the group of polyoxometalate metal organic frameworks (POMMOFs). However, for reported POMMOFs, only coordination bonds are involved between the linkers and POM clusters, and it has not yet produced any covalently bonded polyoxometalate frameworks. Here, the concept of covalently bonded POMs (CPOMs) is developed. By using vanadoborates as an example, we showed that the 3D CPOMs can be obtained by a condensation reaction through the oxolation mechanism of polymer chemistry. In particular, suitable single crystals were harvested and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. This work forges a link among polymer science, POM chemistry, and open-framework materials by demonstrating that it is possible to use covalent bonds according to polymer chemistry principles to construct crystalline 3D open-framework POM materials.

  • 16. Chernov, Sergey V.
    et al.
    Dobrovolsky, Yuri A.
    Istomin, Sergey Y.
    Antipov, Evgeny V.
    Grins, Jekabs
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Svensson, Gunnar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Tarakina, Nadezhda V.
    Abakumov, Artem M.
    Van Tendeloo, Gustaaf
    Eriksson, Sten G.
    Rahman, Seikh M. H.
    Sr2GaScO5, Sr10Ga6Sc4O25, and SrGa0.75Sc0.25O2.5: a Play in the Octahedra to Tetrahedra Ratio in Oxygen-Deficient Perovskites2012In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 51, no 2, p. 1094-1103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Three different perovskite-related phases were isolated in the SrGa1-xScxO2.5 system: Sr2GaScO5, Sr10Ga6Sc4O25, and SrGa0.75Sc0.25O2.5, Sr2GaScO5 (x = 0.5) crystallizes in a brownrnillerite-type structure [space group (S.G.) Icmm, a = 5.91048(5) angstrom, b = 15.1594(1) angstrom, and c = 5.70926(4) angstrom] with complete ordering of Sc3+ and Ga3+ over octahedral and tetrahedral positions, respectively. The crystal structure of Sr10Ga6Sc4O25 (x = 0.4) was determined by the Monte Carlo method and refined using a combination of X-ray, neutron, and electron diffraction data [S.G. I4(1)/a, a = 17.517(1) angstrom, c = 32.830(3) angstrom]. It represents a novel type of ordering of the B cations and oxygen vacancies in perovskites. The crystal structure of Sr10Ga6Sc4O25 can be described as a stacking of eight perovskite layers along the c axis ...[-(Sc/Ga)O-1.6-SrO0.8-(Sc/Ga)O-1.8-SrO0.8-](2 center dot center dot center dot) Similar to Sr2GaScO5, this structure features a complete ordering of the Sc3+ and Ga3+ cations over octahedral and tetrahedral positions, respectively, within each layer. A specific feature of the crystal structure of Sr10Ga6Sc4O25 is that one-third of the tetrahedra have one vertex not connected with other Sc/Ga cations. Further partial replacement of Sc3+ by Ga3+ leads to the formation of the cubic perovskite phase SrGa0.75Sc0.25O2.5 (x = 0.25) with a = 3.9817(4) angstrom. This compound incorporates water molecules in the structure forming SrGa0.75Sc0.25O2.5 center dot xH(2)O hydrate, which exhibits a proton conductivity of similar to 2.0 x 10(-6) S/cm at 673 K.

  • 17. Cong, Rihong
    et al.
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Yang, Tao
    Li, Mingrun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Liao, Fuhui
    Wang, Yingxia
    Lin, Jianhua
    Syntheses and Crystal Structures of Two New Bismuth Hydroxyl Borates Containing [Bi(2)O(2)](2+) Layers: Bi(2)O(2)[B(3)O(5)(OH)] and Bi(2)O(2)[BO(2)(OH)]2011In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 50, no 11, p. 5098-5104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two new bismuth hydroxyl borates, Bi(2)O(2)[B(3)O5-(OH)] (I) and Bi(2)O(2)[BO(2)(OH)] (II), have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions. Their structures were determined by single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction data, respectively. Compound I crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pbca with the lattice constants of a = 6.0268(3) angstrom, b = 11.3635(6) angstrom, and c = 19.348(1) angstrom. Compound II crystallizes in the monoclinic space group Cm with the lattice constants of a = 5.4676(6) angstrom, b = 14.6643(5) angstrom, c = 3.9058(1) angstrom, and beta = 135.587(6)degrees. The borate fundamental building block (FBB) in I is a three-ring unit [B(3)O(6)(OH)](4-), which connects one by one via sharing corners, forming an infinite zigzag chain along the a direction. The borate chains are further linked by hydrogen bonds, showing as a borate layer within the ab plane. The FBB in II is an isolated [BO(2)(OH)](2-) triangle, which links to two neighboring FBBs by strong hydrogen bonds, resulting in a borate chain along the a direction. Both compounds contain [Bi(2)O(2)](2+) layers, and the [Bi(2)O(2)](2+) layers combine with the corresponding borate layers alternatively, forming the whole structures. These two new bismuth borates are the first ones containing [Bi(2)O(2)](2+) layers in borates. The appearance of Bi(2)O(2)[BO(2)(OH)] (II) completes the series of compounds Bi(2)O(2)[BO(2)(OH)], Bi(2)O(2)CO(3), and Bi(2)O(2)[NO(3)(OH)] and the formation of Bi(2)O(2)[B(3)O(5)(OH)] provides another example in demonstrating the polymerization tendency of borate groups.

  • 18. Cong, Rihong
    et al.
    Yang, Tao
    Wang, Zheming
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Liao, Fuhui
    Wang, Yingxia
    Lin, Jianhua
    Syntheses, Structure, and Luminescent Properties of Novel Hydrated Rare Earth Borates Ln(2)B(6)O(10)(OH)(4)center dot H(2)O (Ln = Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Ho, and Y)2011In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 50, no 5, p. 1767-1774Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ln(2)B(6)O(10)(OH)(4)center dot H(2)O (Ln = Pr, Nd, Sm-Gd, Dy, Ho, and Y), a new series of hydrated rare earth borates, have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions. A single crystal of Nd analogue was used for the structure determination by X-ray diffraction. It crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/c with lattice constants a = 21.756(4), b = 4.3671(9), c = 12.192(2) angstrom, and beta = 108.29(3)degrees. The other compounds are isostructural to Nd(2)B(6)O(10)(OH)(4)center dot H(2)O. The fundamental building block (FBB) of the polyborate anion in this structure is a three-membered ring [B(3)O(6)(OH)(2)](5-). The FBBs are connected by sharing oxygen atoms forming an infinite [B(3)O(5)(OH)(2)](3-) chain, and the chains are linked by hydrogen bonds, establishing a two-dimensional (2-D) [B(610)(OH)(4)center dot H(2)O](6-) layer. The 2-D borate layers are thus interconnected by Ln(3+) ions to form the complex three-dimensional structure. Ln(2)B(6)O(10)(OH)(4)center dot H(2)O dehydrates stepwise, giving rise to two new intermediate compounds Ln(2)B(6)O(10)(OH)(4) and Ln(2)B(6)O(11) (OH)(2). The investigation on the luminescent properties of Gd(2-2x)Eu(2x)B(6)O(10)(OH)(4)center dot H(2)O (x = 0.01-1.00) shows a high efficiency of Eu(3+) f-f transitions and the existence of the energy transfer process from Gd(3+) to Eu(3+). Eu(2)B(6)O(10)(OH)(4)center dot H(2)O and its two dehydrated products, Eu(2)B(6)O(10)(OH)(4) and Eu(2)B(6)O(11)(OH)(2), present the strongest emission peak at 620 nm ((5)D(0) -> (7)F(2) transition), which may be potential red phosphors.

  • 19. Dai, Ruihan
    et al.
    Peng, Fei
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Ji, Pengfei
    Lu, Kuangda
    Wang, Cheng
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Peking University, People’s Republic of China.
    Lin, Wenbin
    Electron crystallography reveals atomic structure of metal-organic nanoplate with Hf12(µ3-O)8(µ3-OH)8(µ2-OH)6 secondary building unit2017In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 56, no 14, p. 8128-8134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nanoscale metal–organic frameworks (nMOFs) have shown tremendous potential in cancer therapy and biomedical imaging. However, their small dimensions present a significant challenge in structure determination by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. We report here the structural determination of nMOFs by rotation electron diffraction (RED). Two isostructural Zr- and Hf-based nMOFs with linear biphenyldicarboxylate (BPDC) or bipyridinedicarboxylate (BPYDC) linkers are stable under intense electron beams to allow the collection of high-quality RED data, which reveal a MOF structure with M123-O)83-OH)82-OH)6 (M = Zr, Hf) secondary building units (SBUs). The nMOF structures differ significantly from their UiO bulk counterparts with M63-O)43-OH)4 SBUs and provide the foundation for clarifying the structures of a series of previously reported nMOFs with significant potential in cancer therapy and biological imaging. Our work clearly demonstrates the power of RED in determining nMOF structures and elucidating the formation mechanism of distinct nMOF morphologies.

  • 20.
    Daver, Henrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Das, Biswanath
    Nordlander, Ebbe
    Himo, Fahmi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Theoretical Study of Phosphodiester Hydrolysis and Transesterification Catalyzed by an Unsymmetric Biomimetic Dizinc Complex2016In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 55, no 4, p. 1872-1882Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Density functional theory calculations have been used to investigate the reaction mechanisms of phosphodiester hydrolysis and transesterification catalyzed by a dinuclear zinc complex of the 2-(N-isopropyl-N-((2-pyridyl)methyl)-aminomethyl)-6-(N-(carboxylmethyl)-N-((2-pyridyl)methyl)amino-methyl)-4-methylphenol (IPCPMP) ligand, mimicking the active site of zinc phosphotriesterase. The substrates bis(2,4)-dinitrophenyl phosphate (BDNPP) and 2-hydroxypropyl-p-nitrophenyl phosphate (HPNP) were employed as analogues of DNA and RNA, respectively. A number of different mechanistic proposals were considered, with the active catalyst harboring either one or two hydroxide ions. It is concluded that for both reactions the catalyst has only one hydroxide bound, as this option yields lower overall energy barriers. For BDNPP hydrolysis, it is suggested that the hydroxide acts as the nucleophile in the reaction, attacking the phosphorus center of the substrate. For HPNP transesterification, on the other hand, the hydroxide is proposed to act as a Bronsted base, deprotonating the alcohol moiety of the substrate, which in turn performs the nucleophilic attack. The calculated overall barriers are in good agreement with measured rates. Both reactions are found to proceed by essentially concerted associative mechanisms, and it is demonstrated that two consecutive catalytic cycles need to be considered in order to determine the rate-determining free energy barrier.

  • 21. Duan, Lele
    et al.
    Wang, Lei
    Inge, A. Ken
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Fischer, Andreas
    Zou, Xiaodong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Sun, Licheng
    Insights into Ru-Based Molecular Water Oxidation Catalysts: Electronic and Noncovalent-Interaction Effects on Their Catalytic Activities2013In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 52, no 14, p. 7844-7852Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A series of Ru-bda water oxidation catalysts [Ru(bda)L-2] (H(2)bda = 2,2'-bipyridine-6,6'-dicarboxylic acid; L = [HNEt3][3-SO3-pyridine], 1; 4-(EtOOC)-pyridine, 2; 4-bromopyridine, 3; pyridine, 4; 4-methoxypyridine, 5; 4-(Me2N)-pyridine, 6; 4-[Ph(CH2)(3)]-pyridine, 7) were synthesized with election-donating/-withdrawing groups and hydro-philic/hydrophobic groups in the axial ligands. These complexes were characterized by H-1 NMR spectroscopy, high-resolution mass spectrometry, elemental analysis, and electrochemistry. In addition, complexes 1 and 6 were further identified by single crystal X-ray crystallography, revealing a highly distorted octahedral configuration of the Ru coordination sphere. All of these complexes are highly active toward Ce-IV-driven (Ce-IV = Ce(NH4)(2)(NO3)(6)) water oxidation with oxygen evolution rates up to 119 mols of O-2 per mole of catalyst per second. Their structure-activity relationship was investigated. Electron-withdrawing and noncovalent interactions (attraction) exhibit positive effect on the catalytic activity of Ru-bda catalysts.

  • 22.
    Engelbrecht, Leon
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Stellenbosch University, South Africa; University of Cagliari, Italy.
    Mocci, Francesca
    Laaksonen, Aatto
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Koch, Klaus R.
    Pt-195 NMR and Molecular Dynamics Simulation Study of the Solvation of [PtCl6](2-) in Water-Methanol and Water-Dimethoxyethane Binary Mixtures2018In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 57, no 19, p. 12025-12037Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The experimental Pt-195 NMR chemical shift, delta((195) Pt), of the [PtCl6](2-) anion dissolved in binary mixtures of water and a fully miscible organic solvent is extremely sensitive to the composition of the mixture at room temperature. Significantly nonlinear delta(Pt-195) trends as a function of solvent composition are observed in mixtures of water-methanol, or ethylene glycol, 2methoxyethanol, and 1,2-dimethoxyethane (DME). The extent of the deviation from linearity of the delta((195) Pt) trend depends strongly on the nature of the organic component in these solutions, which broadly suggests preferential solvation of the [PtCl6](2-) anion by the organic molecule. This simplistic interpretation is based on an accepted view pertaining to monovalent cations in similar binary solvent mixtures. To elucidate these phenomena in detail, classical molecular dynamics computer simulations were performed for [PtCl6](2-) in water-methanol and water-DME mixtures using the anionic charge scaling approach to account for the effect of electronic dielectric screening. Our simulations suggest that the simplistic model of preferential solvation of [PtCl6](2-) by the organic component as inferred from nonlinear delta(Pt-195) trends is not entirely accurate, particularly for water-DME mixtures. The delta(Pt-195) trend in these mixtures levels off for high DME mole fractions, which results from apparent preferential location of [PtCl6](2-) anions at the borders of water-rich regions or clusters within these inherently micro-heterogeneous mixtures. By contrast in water-methanol mixtures, apparently less pronounced mixed solvent micro-heterogeneity is found, suggesting the experimental delta(Pt-195) trend is consistent with a more moderate preferential solvation of [PtCl6](2-) anions. This finding underlines the important role of solvent-solvent interactions and micro-heterogeneity in determining the solvation environment of [PtCl6](2-) anions in binary solvent mixtures, probed by highly sensitive Pt-195 NMR. The notion that preferential solvation of [PtCl6](2-) results primarily from competing ion-solvent interactions as generally assumed for monatomic ions, may not be appropriate in general.

  • 23.
    Fahlquist, Henrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Moser, David
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Noreus, Dag
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Refson, Keith
    Parker, Stewart F.
    Stabilization of 3d Transition Metal Hydrido Complexes in SrH2Mg2[Co(I)H-5], BaH2Mg5[Co(-I)H-4](2), and RbH2Mg5[Co(-I)H4Ni(0)H-4] via Easily Polarizable Hydride Ligands2016In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 55, no 7, p. 3576-3582Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A combined study using neutron diffraction, inelastic neutron scattering, and first-principles calculations describe cobalt with a very low formal oxidation state of (-I) in a slightly distorted tetrahedral Co(-I)H-4-complex in BaH2Mg5[Co(-I)H-4](2) and in the structurally related RbH2Mg5[Co(-I)H4Ni(0)H-4]. This indicates that the electron back donating effect via the polarizable hydride ions to the counterions in the solid state hydrides, can be compared to more conventional back bonding able to reduce the oxidation state down to -I. The hydrides were synthesized by hot sintering of transition metal powders with corresponding binary alkali- and alkaline earth hydrides. In the similarly synthesized SrH2Mg2[Co(I)H-5], cobalt is formally + I-valent, showing a high sensitivity to differences in the counterion framework, which can also influence electrical properties.

  • 24.
    Fahlquist, Henrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Noréus, Dag
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Cs10H[Ga3H8]3: A Hydrogenous Zintl Phase Containing Propane-Like Polyanions [Ga3H8]3- and Interstitial Hydrogen2013In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 52, no 12, p. 7125-7129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The hydrogenous Zintl-phase Cs10H[Ga3H8](3) containing propane-like polyanions [Ga3H(D)(8)](3-) was successfully synthesized by direct hydrogenation of a 1:1 Cs/Ga metal mixture and characterized by powder X-ray and neutron diffraction. The charge of the polyanions is balanced by two different species of cations, hydrogen-centered octahedra [H(D)Cs-6](5+) and isolated Cs+. The structure crystallizes in the hexagonal space group P6(3)/mcm (193) with the cell parameters a = 11.1108(3) angstrom, c = 18.2149(5) angstrom, Z = 2.

  • 25.
    Fahlquist, Henrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Noréus, Dag
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Sörby, Magnus H.
    Varying the Alkali-Metal Radii in (KxRb1−x)n[GaH2]n (0 ≤ x ≤ 1)Reorients a Stable Polyethylene-Structured [GaH2]nn− Anionic Chain2013In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 52, no 9, p. 4771-4773Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The stability of a negatively chargedpolyethylene-structured [GaH2]nn−cluster ion was inves-tigated by varying the K+/Rb+ratio in (KxRb1−x)n[GaH2]n(0≤x≤1). Neutron, X-ray, and IR spectroscopies wereused to characterize the new phases. Between the limitingcompositions Kn[GaH2]nand Rbn[GaH2]n, the [GaH2]nn−chains remained almost identical, indicating a stable specie.For rubidium-rich samples up to a potassium contentcorresponding to (K0.5Rb0.5)n[GaH2]n, two phases coexistin the samples, RbGaH2and (K0.5Rb0.5)n[GaH2]n, with aratio mirroring the relative alkali-ion content. The twophases have a different alignment of the [GaH2]nn−chains.For potassium-rich samples beyond (K0.5Rb0.5)n[GaH2]n,the samples were single-phased. The unit cell volume ofthe new (K0.5Rb0.5)n[GaH2]nstructure type shrinksaccording to Vegard’s law as smaller K+ions substitutefor larger Rb+ions. The [GaH2]nn−chains remained,however, almost identical. IR spectra from the differentphases were very similar, exhibited stretching, scissoring,and rocking modes similar to those in ordinary poly-ethylene, but shifted to lower frequencies, reflectingweaker Ga−H bonds. The existence of stable Kn[GaH2]nand Rbn[GaH2]n, would help to dehydrogenate KGaH4and RbGaH4upon heating. If this could be transferred tolighter alanates and borohydrides, it could be possible todevelop more functional hydrogen-storage systems.

  • 26. Fischer, Andreas
    et al.
    Eklöf, Daniel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Benson, Daryn E.
    Wu, Yang
    Scheidt, Ernst-Wilhelm
    Scherer, Wolfgang
    Häussermann, Ulrich
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Synthesis, Structure, and Properties of the Electron-Poor II-V Semiconductor ZnAs2014In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 53, no 16, p. 8691-8699Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ZnAs was synthesized at 6 GPa and 1273 K utilizing multianvil highpressure techniques and structurally characterized by single-crystal and powder X-ray 7 diffraction (space group Pbca (No. 61), a = 5.6768(2) angstrom, b = 7.2796(2) angstrom, c = 7.5593(2) angstrom, Z = 8). The compound is isostructural to ZnSb (CdSb type) and displays multicenter bonded rhomboid rings Zn2As2, which are connected to each other by classical two-center, two-electron bonds. At ambient pressure ZnAs is metastable with respect to Zn3As2 and ZnAs2. When heating at a rate of 10 K/min decomposition takes place at similar to 700 K. Diffuse reflectance measurements reveal a band gap of 0.9 eV. Electrical resistivity, thermopower, and thermal conductivity were measured in the temperature range of 2-400 K and compared to thermoelectric ZnSb. The room temperature values of the resistivity and thermopower are similar to 1 Omega cm and +27 mu V/K, respectively. These values are considerably higher and lower, respectively, compared to Zn Sb. Above 150 K the thermal conductivity attains low values, around 2 W/m.K, which is similar to that of ZnSb. The heat capacity of ZnAs was measured between 2 and 300 K and partitioned into a Debye and two Einstein contributions with temperatures of theta(D) = 234 K, theta(E1) = 95 K, and theta(E2) = 353 K. Heat capacity and thermal conductivity of ZnSb and ZnAs show very similar features, which possibly relates to their common electron-poor bonding properties.

  • 27.
    González Miera, Greco
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Bermejo Gómez, Antonio
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Chupas, Peter J.
    Martín-Matute, Belén
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Chapman, Karena W.
    Platero-Prats, Ana E.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Topological Transformation of a Metal–Organic Framework Triggered by Ligand Exchange2017In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 56, no 8, p. 4576-4583Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Here we describe the topological transformation of the pores of a new framework in the bio-MOF-100 family (dia-c) into the known isomer (lcs) by doubling the pore volume, which occurs during postsynthesis modifications. During this transformation, reassembling of the metal–organic framework (MOF) building blocks into a completely different framework occurs, involving breaking/forming of metal–ligand bonds. MOF crystallinity and local structure are retained, as determined by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and pair distribution function (PDF) analyses, respectively. We exploited the inherent dynamism of bio-MOF-100 by coupling chemical decorations of the framework using solvent-assisted ligand exchange to the topological change. Following this method and starting from the pristine dense dia-c phase, open lcs-bio-MOF-100 was prepared and functionalized in situ with an iridium complex (IrL). Alternatively, the dia-c MOF could be modified with wide-ranging amounts of IrL up to ca. 50 mol %, as determined by solution 1H NMR spectroscopy, by tuning the concentration of the solutions used and with no evidence for isomer transformation. The single-site nature of the iridium complexes within the MOFs was assessed by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and PDF analyses. Ligand exchanges occurred quantitatively at room temperature, with no need of excess of the iridium metallolinker.

  • 28.
    Guo, Bing
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Inge, Andrew Kentaro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bonneau, Charlotte
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Christensen, Kirsten E.
    Yuan, Zhong-Yong
    Zou, Xiaodong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Investigation of the GeO2-1,6-Diaminohexane-Water-Pyridine-HF Phase Diagram Leading to the Discovery of Two Novel Layered Germanates with Extra-Large Rings2011In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 50, no 1, p. 201-207Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The systematic exploration of the phase diagram of the GeO2-1,6-diaminohexane-water-pyridine-HF system has allowed the identification of specific roles of the HF, H2O contents, and HF/H2O ratio in the formation of Ge7X19 (Ge7), Ge9X25−26 (Ge9), and Ge10X28 (Ge10) clusters (X = O, OH, F). This work has led to the discovery of two novel structures with extra-large 18-membered rings accommodating 1,6-diaminohexane (DAH): SU-63, |1.5H2DAH|[Ge7O14X3]·2H2O, a layered germanate constructed from Ge7 clusters with the Kagom topology, and SU-64, |11H2DAH|[Ge9O18X4][Ge7O14X3]6·16H2O, a germanate built of two-dimensional slabs containing both Ge7 and Ge9 clusters (X = OH or F). We also put SU-64 in context with previously reported cluster germanate compounds with related topologies by means of a simple crystal deconstruction study.

  • 29.
    Guo, Peng
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Chinese Academy of Sciences, China.
    Afeworki, Mobae
    Cao, Guang
    Yun, Yifeng
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Su, Jie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Wan, Wei
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Zou, Xiaodong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Synthesis and Structure of a Layered Fluoroaluminophosphate and Its Transformation to a Three-Dimensional Zeotype Framework2018In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 57, no 18, p. 11753-11760Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two-dimensional zeolitic materials have drawn increasing attention because of their structural diversity, high accessible surface areas, and potential as precursors to form novel three-dimensional (3D) structures. Here we report a new layered fluoroaluminophosphate, denoted as EMM-9 (ExxonMobil Material #9), synthesized in the same synthesis system as that for a previously reported 3D framework structure EMM-8 (framework-type code: SFO) using an F- medium and 4-(dimethylamino)pyridine (DMAP) as the organic structure-directing agent. The structure of EMM-9 was solved from rotation electron diffraction data and refined against synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction data. The fluoroaluminophosphate layer of EMM-9 is composed of sti composite building units. The DMAP cations are located between the layers. pi-pi interactions between the DMAP cations and hydrogen bonding between the DMAP cations and layers were identified. The layered EMM-9 structure is closely related to the 3D framework structure of EMM-8 and can be transformed to EMM-8 by calcination.

  • 30. Gupta, Arvind Kumar
    et al.
    Akkarasamiyo, Sunisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Orthaber, Andreas
    Rich Coordination Chemistry of pi-Acceptor Dibenzoarsole Ligands2017In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 56, no 8, p. 4504-4511Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A series of dibenzoarsole (also known as 9-arsafluorene) derivatives have been prepared, and their coordination chemistry has been investigated. The different ligand topology and the arsenic substituents govern the reactivity of the ligands. We report various crystal structures of palladium and platinum complexes derived from this family of ligands. The biphenyl backbone of the bridged bidentate ligands allows very flexible coordination. We have also studied the application of an allylic Pd complex in nucleophilic substitution reactions, revealing that the benzoarsole substituent is susceptible to metal insertion.

  • 31. Halis, Seida
    et al.
    Inge, A. Ken
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Dehning, Niklas
    Weyrich, Thomas
    Reinsch, Helge
    Stock, Norbert
    Dihydroxybenzoquinone as Linker for the Synthesis of Permanently Porous Aluminum Metal-Organic Frameworks2016In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 55, no 15, p. 7425-7431Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two new dihydroxybenzoquinone-based metal-organic frameworks, ((CH3)(2)NH2)(3)[Al-4(L1)(3)(L1(center dot))(3)]center dot 3DMF (1, denoted CAU - 20) and ((CH3)(2)NH2)(3)[Al-4(L2)(3)(L2 center dot)(3)]center dot 9DMF (2, denoted CAU-20-Cl-2), were synthesized at 120 degrees C in PAU using 2,5-dihydroxy-p-benzoquinone ((C6H2(OH)(2)(O)(2)), H(2)L1) and 2,5-dichloro-3,6-dihydroxy-p-benzoquinone ((C6Cl2(OH)(2)(O)(2)), H(2)L2), respectively. Compared to other Al-MOFs, which contain carboxylate or phosphonate groups that connect the metal sites, in 1 and 2 the Al3+ are coordinated by oxido groups. The metal ions are octahedrally surrounded by oxygen atoms Of the deprotonated linker molecules to generate honeycomb layers with a metal to linker ratio of Al: L1/L2 = 2:3. The layers contain L1(2-) and L2(2-) ions as well as linker radical ions L1(center dot 3-) and L2(center dot 3-) in a molar ratio of 1 to 1. The presence of radical ions was confirmed by EPR and UV-vis-spectroscopic Measurements, and the composition was determined from a combination of PXRD, H-1, NMR, TG, and elemental analyses. Charge balance is accomplished through intercalation of (CH3)(2)NH2+ ions which are formed by partial hydrolysis of DMF. In the structures of 1 and 2 the eclipsed layers are AA and ABAB stacked, respectively, and one-dimensional hexagonal channels with diameters of ca. 9 and 6 angstrom are formed. Both compounds exhibit permanent porosity and have specific surface areas of 1440 and 1430 m(2) g(-1), respectively.

  • 32.
    Hu, Shichao
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Johnsson, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Law, Joseph M.
    Bettis, Jerry L. Jr.
    Whangbo, Myung-Hwan
    Kremer, Reinhard K.
    Crystal Structure and Magnetic Properties of FeSeO3F: Alternating Antiferromagnetic S = 5/2 chains2014In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 53, no 8, p. 4250-4256Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The new oxofluoride FeSeO3F crystallizes in the space group P21/n and consists of [FeO3F]∞ zigzag chains with alternating Fe−F−Fe and Fe−O−Fe spin exchange paths. The magnetic susceptibility of FeSeO3F is largely described by an S = 5/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnetic chain with alternating antiferromagnetic spin exchanges, and FeSeO3F undergoes a long-range antiferromagnetic ordering below 45 K.

  • 33.
    Hu, Shichao
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Mace, Amber
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Johnsson, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Gnezdilov, Vladimir
    Lemmens, Peter
    Tapp, Joshua
    Möller, Angela
    Crystal Structure and Magnetic Properties of the S=1/2 Quantum Spin System Cu-7(TeO3)(6)F-2 with Mixed Dimensionality2014In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 53, no 14, p. 7661-7667Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The new oxofluoride Cu-7(TeO3)(6)F-2 has been synthesized by hydrothermal synthesis. It crystallizes in the triclinic system, space group P (1) over bar. The crystal structure constitutes a Cu-O framework with channels extending along [001] where the F- ions and the stereochernically active lone-pairs on Te4+ are located. From magnetic susceptibility, specific heat, and Raman scattering measurements we find evidence that the magnetic degrees of freedom of the Cu-O-Cu segments in Cu-7(TeO3)(6)F-2 lead to a mixed dimensionality with single Cu S = 1/2 moments wealdy coupled to spin-chain fragments. Due to the weaker coupling of the single moments, strong fluctuations exist at elevated temperatures, and long-range magnetic ordering evolves at comparably low temperatures (T-N = 15 K).

  • 34.
    Huang, Shiliang
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Christensen, Kirsten
    Peskov, Maxim V.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Yang, Sihai
    Li, Kuo
    Zou, Xiaodong
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Two Open-Framework Germanates with Nickel Complexes Incorporated into the Framework2011In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 50, no 20, p. 9921-9923Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two open-framework germanates, SUT-1 and SUT-2, have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions using ethylenecliamine (en, H(2)NCH(2)CH(2)NH(2)) as templates and Ni(NO(3))(2)center dot 6H(2)O as the transition-metal source. Their frameworks are built with Gel() clusters and [Ni(en)(2)](2+) complexes. In both structures, Gel clusters form square nets in the a-c plane, while the [Ni(en)2]2+ complexes bridge the square nets via Ni-O-Ge bonds to form 3D networks. They present the first examples to incorporate Ni(2+) complexes into the germanate frameworks. In SUT-2, additional linkages by Ge(2)O(7) clusters between the square nets generate a new type of topology.

  • 35.
    Ibarra, Ilich A.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico.
    Mace, Amber
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Yang, Sihai
    Sun, Junliang
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Lee, Sukyung
    Chang, Jong-San
    Laaksonen, Aatto
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Schröder, Martin
    Zou, Xiaodong
    Adsorption Properties of MFM-400 and MFM-401 with CO2 and Hydrocarbons: Selectivity Derived from Directed Supramolecular Interactions2016In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 55, no 15, p. 7219-7228Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ([Sc-2(OH)(2)(BPTC)]) (H4BPTC = biphenyl-3,3',5,5'-tetracarboxylit acid), MFM-400 (MFM = Manchester Framework Material; previously designated NOTT), and ([Sc(OH)-(TDA)]) (H(2)TDA = thiophene-2,5-dicarboxylic acid), MFM-401, both show xelective and, reversible capture of CO2. In particular, MFM-400 exhibits a reasonably high CO2 uptake at low pressures and competitive CO2/N-2 selectivity coupled to a moderate isosteric heat of adsorption (Q(st)) for CO2 (29.5 kJ mol(-1)) at zero coverage, thus affording a facile uptake release process. Grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) and density functional theory (DFT) computational analyses of CO2 uptake in both materials confirmed preferential adsorption sites consistent with the higher CO2 uptake observed experimentally for MFM-400 over MFM-401 at low pressures. For MFM-400, the Sc-OH group participates in moderate interactions with CO2 (Q(st) = 33.5 kJ mol(-1)), and these are complemented by weak hydrogen-bonding interactions (O center dot center dot center dot H-C = 3.10-3.22 angstrom) from four surrounding aromatic -CH groups. In the case of MFM-401, adsorption is provided by cooperative interactions of CO2 with the Sc-OH group and one C-H group. The binding energies obtained by DFT analysis for the adsorption sites for both materials correlate well with the observed moderate isosteric heats of adsorption for CO2. GCMC simulations for both materials confirmed higher uptake of EtOH compared with nonpolar vapors of toluene and. cydohexane. This is in good Correlation with the experimental data, and DFT analysis confirmed the formation of a strong hydrogen bond between EtOH and the hydrogen atom of the hydroxyl group of the MFM-400 and MFM-401 framework (FIAT) with H-O-EtOH center dot center dot center dot H-O-FW distances of 1.77 arid 1.75 angstrom, respectively. In addition, the accessible regeneration of MFM-400 and MFM-401 and release of CO2 potentially provide minimal economic and environmental penalties.

  • 36.
    Kadir, Abdulkarim
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Moser, D.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Munzel, M.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Noreus, Dag
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Investigation of Counterion Influence on an Octahedral IrH(6)-Complex in the Solid State Hydrides AAeIrH(6) (A = Na, K and Ae = Ca, Sr, Ba, and Eu) with a New Structure Type2011In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 50, no 23, p. 11890-11895Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A number of new quaternary iridium based hydrides and deuterides AAeIrH/D(6) (where A = Na and K; Ae = Ca, Ba, Sr, and Eu) have been synthesized by direct combination of the alkali, alkaline earth or europium binary hydrides/deuterides and iridium powder. The crystal structures were determined by Guinier-Hagg X-ray and neutron powder diffraction and a new cubic structure type was found. The structure is described in space group F (4) over bar 3m, but related to the K(2)PtCl(6) type structure. The new structure can be described as consisting of cubes of A(+) and Ae(2+) ions, where the A(+) and Ae(2+) ions alternates so that they occupy opposite corners in the cube. Every second cube contains a regular octahedral [Ir(III)H(6)](-3)-complex and the adjacent is empty. Solid-state IR spectroscopy was used to determine the Ir-allowed stretching and bending frequencies for the [Ir(III)H(6)](-3) complex with different counterions. These were also compared with the corresponding stretching frequencies for Fe(II)H(6), Ru(II)H(6), Os(II)H(6), and Ir(II)H(5) complexes in similar solid state hydrides, which increased when going from Fe through Ru, Os to Ir. The frequencies scaled almost linearly with the inverse of size of the cube surrounding the complexes but showed no significant dependence of the formal oxidation state or the experimentally obtained Ir-D distances. However, this was mainly because of difficulties in obtaining enough accurate atomic positions. The ab initio DFT calculations could reproduce the stretching frequencies within a few 10 cm(-1), indicating that experimental vibrational frequencies offer a sensitive test of DFT results.

  • 37. Kositzki, Ramona
    et al.
    Mebs, Stefan
    Marx, Jennifer
    Griese, Julia J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
    Schuth, Nils
    Högbom, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics. Stanford University, United States.
    Schünemann, Volker
    Haumann, Michael
    y Protonation State of MnFe and FeFe Cofactors in a Ligand-Binding Oxidase Revealed by X-ray Absorption, Emission, and Vibrational Spectroscopy and QM/MM Calculations2016In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 55, no 19, p. 9869-9885Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Enzymes with a dimetalcarboxylate cofactor catalyze reactions among the top challenges in chemistry such as methane and dioxygen (O-2) activation. Recently described proteins bind a manganeseiron cofactor (MnFe) instead of the classical diiron cofactor (FeFe). Determination of atomic-level differences of homo- versus hetero-bimetallic cofactors is crucial to understand their diverse redox reactions. We studied a ligand-binding oxidase from the bacterium Geobacillus kaustophilus (R2lox) loaded with a FeFe or MnFe cofactor, which catalyzes O-2 reduction and an unusual tyrosinevaline ether cross-link formation, as revealed by X-ray crystallography. Advanced X-ray absorption, emission, and vibrational spectroscopy methods and quantum chemical and molecular mechanics calculations provided relative Mn/Fe contents, X-ray photoreduction kinetics, metalligand bond lengths, metalmetal distances, metal oxidation states, spin configurations, valence-level degeneracy, molecular orbital composition, nuclear quadrupole splitting energies, and vibrational normal modes for both cofactors. A protonation state with an axial water (H2O) ligand at Mn or Fe in binding site 1 and a metal-bridging hydroxo group (OH) in a hydrogen-bonded network is assigned. Our comprehensive picture of the molecular, electronic, and dynamic properties of the cofactors highlights reorientation of the unique axis along the MnOH2 bond for the Mn1(III) JahnTeller ion but along the Fe-mu OH bond for the octahedral Fe1(III). This likely corresponds to a more positive redox potential of the Mn(III)Fe(III) cofactor and higher proton affinity of its mu OH group. Refined model structures for the Mn(III)Fe(III) and Fe(III)Fe(III) cofactors are presented. Implications of our findings for the site-specific metalation of R2lox and performance of the O-2 reduction and cross-link formation reactions are discussed.

  • 38.
    Kranak, Verina F.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Benson, Daryn E.
    Wollmann, Lukas
    Mesgar, Milad
    Shafeie, Samrand
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Grins, Jekabs
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Häussermann, Ulrich
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Hydrogenous Zintl Phase Ba3Si4Hx (x=1-2): Transforming Si-4 Butterfly Anions into Tetrahedral Moieties2015In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 54, no 3, p. 756-764Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The hydride Ba3Si4Hx (x = 1-2) was prepared by sintering the Zintl phase Ba3Si4, which contains Si-4(6-) butterfly-shaped polyanions, in a hydrogen atmosphere at pressures of 10-20 bar and temperatures of around 300 degrees C. Initial structural analysis using powder neutron and X-ray diffraction data suggested that Ba3Si4Hx adopts the Ba3Ge4C2 type [space group I4/mcm (No. 140), a approximate to 8.44 angstrom, c approximate to 11.95 angstrom, Z = 8] where Ba atoms form a three-dimensional array of corner-condensed octahedra, which are centered by H atoms. Tetrahedron-shaped Si-4 polyanions complete a perovskite-like arrangement. Thus, hydride formation is accompanied by oxidation of the butterfly polyanion, but the model with the composition Ba3Si4H is not charge-balanced. First-principles computations revealed an alternative structural scenario for Ba3Si4Hx, which is based on filling pyramidal Ba-5 interstices in Ba3Si4. The limiting composition is x = 2 [space group P4(2)/mmm (No. 136), a approximate to 8.4066 angstrom, c approximate to 12.9186 angstrom, Z = 8], and for x > 1, Si atoms also adopt tetrahedron-shaped polyanions. Transmission electron microscopy investigations showed that Ba3Si4Hx is heavily disordered in the c direction. Most plausible is to assume that Ba3Si4Hx has a variable H content (x = 1-2) and corresponds to a random intergrowth of P- and I-type structure blocks. In either form, Ba3Si4Hx is classified as an interstitial hydride. Polyanionic hydrides in which H is covalently attached to Si remain elusive.

  • 39.
    Kranak, Verina F.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Lin, Yuan-Chih
    Karlsson, Maths
    Mink, Janos
    Norberg, Stefan T.
    Häussermann, Ulrich
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Structural and Vibrational Properties of Silyl (SiH3-) Anions in KSiH3 and RbSiH3: New Insight into Si-H Interactions2015In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 54, no 5, p. 2300-2309Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The alkali metal silyl hydrides ASiH(3) (A = K, Rb) and their deuteride analogues were prepared from the Zintl phases ASi. The crystal structures of ASiH(3) consist of metal cations and pyramidal SiH3 ions. At room temperature SiH3 moieties are randomly oriented (alpha modifications). At temperatures below 200 K ASiH(3) exist as ordered low-temperature (beta) modifications. Structural and vibrational properties of SiH3- in ASiH(3) were characterized by a combination of neutron total scattering experiments, infrared and Raman spectroscopy, as well as density functional theory calculations. In disordered alpha-ASiH(3) SiH3 ions relate closely to freely rotating moieties with C(3)v symmetry (Si-H bond length = 1.52 angstrom; HSiH angle 92.2 degrees). Observed stretches and bends are at 1909/1903 cm(-1) (nu(1), A(1)), 1883/1872 cm(-1) (nu(3), E), 988/986 cm(-1) (nu(4), E), and 897/894 cm(-1) (nu(2), A(1)) for A = K/Rb. In ordered beta-ASiH(3) silyl anions are slightly distorted with respect to their ideal C-3v symmetry. Compared to a-ASiH(3) the molar volume is by about 15% smaller and the SiH stretching force constant is reduced by 4%. These peculiarities are attributed to reorientational dynamics of SiH3 anions in a-ASiH(3). SiH stretching force constants for SiH3 moieties in various environments fall in a range from 1.9 to 2.05 N cm(-1). These values are considerably smaller compared to silane, SiH4 (2.77 N cm(-1)). The reason for the drastic reduction of bond strength in SiH3- remains to be explored.

  • 40. Krüger, Martin
    et al.
    Inge, Andrew Kentaro
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Reinsch, Helge
    Li, Yuan-Han
    Wahiduzzaman, Mohammad
    Lin, Chia-Her
    Wang, Sue-Lein
    Maurin, Guillaume
    Stock, Norbert
    Polymorphous Al-MOFs Based on V-Shaped Linker Molecules: Synthesis, Properties, and in Situ Investigation of Their Crystallization2017In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 56, no 10, p. 5851-5862Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The in situ and systematic high-throughput investigation of the system Al3+/4,4'-benzophenonedicarboxylic acid (H2BPDC)/DMF/H2O in the presence of various additives was carried out, and a new Al-MOF of composition [Al(OH)(BPDC)], denoted as CAU-21-BPDC, was obtained. Its crystal structure was determined from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data (space group I422, a = b = 17.2528(7) angstrom, c = 23.864(1) angstrom). The structure is built up by octanuclear rings of cis corner-sharing AlO6 polyhedra forming the inorganic building unit (IBU). These {Al8O8} IBUs are arranged in a bcu packing and connected via BPDC2(-) ions in a way that each IBU is linked via two linker molecules to each of the eight adjacent IBUs. Thus, accessible, one-dimensional modulated pores with a diameter between 3.6 and 6.5 angstrom are formed. In addition, tetrahedral cavities are formed by the BPDC2(-) linker molecules. The framework of CAU-21-BPDC is polymorphous with that of CAU-8-BPDC, which contains one-dimensional chains of trans corner-sharing AlO6 polyhedra connected by BPDC2(-) ions. Replacing H2BPDC by 4,4'-oxydibenzoic acid (H2ODB), which contains an oxygen atom between the phenyl rings instead of a keto group, leads to the synthesis of Al-MOFs isoreticular with CAU-8-BPDC and CAU-21-BPDC. In addition, a coordination polymer, [Al(HODB)2(OH)], was discovered and structurally characterized. The structure of CAU-8-ODB was refined from powder X-ray diffraction data, while a Pawley refinement was carried out for CAU-21-ODB to determine the lattice parameters and confirm phase purity. The structure of CAU-21-ODB was confirmed using density functional theory (DFT) calculations. A thorough characterization shows that the CAU-8 and CAU-21-type structures are stable up to 350 and 300 degrees C in air, respectively, almost independent of the linker molecules incorporated. The former MOFs are porous toward N-2 and CO2, while the latter only adsorb CO2.

  • 41. Kärkäs, Markus D.
    et al.
    Li, Ying-Ying
    Siegbahn, Per E. M.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Liao, Rong-Zhen
    Åkermark, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Metal-Ligand Cooperation in Single-Site Ruthenium Water Oxidation Catalysts: A Combined Experimental and Quantum Chemical Approach2018In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 57, no 17, p. 10881-10895Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Catalysts for oxidation of water to molecular oxygen are essential in solar-driven water splitting. In order to develop more efficient catalysts for this oxidatively demanding reaction, it is vital to have mechanistic insight in order to understand how the catalysts operate. Herein, we report the mechanistic details associated with the two Ru catalysts 1 and 2. Insight into the mechanistic landscape of water oxidation catalyzed by the two single-site Ru catalysts was revealed by the use of a combination of experimental techniques and quantum chemical calculations. On the basis of the obtained results, detailed mechanisms for oxidation of water by complexes 1 and 2 are proposed. Although the two complexes are structurally related, two deviating mechanistic scenarios are proposed with metal-ligand cooperation being an important feature in both processes. The proposed mechanistic platforms provide insight for the activation of water or related small molecules through nontraditional and previously unexplored routes.

  • 42.
    Laakso, Johanna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Rosser, Geraldine A.
    Szijjarto, Csongor
    Beeby, Andrew
    Borbas, Eszter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Synthesis of chlorin sensitized near infrared emitting lanthanide complexes2012In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 51, no 19, p. 10366-10374Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lanthanide (Yb3+, Nd3+) complexes equipped with red-absorbing hydroporphyrin (chlorin) antennae were synthesized and characterized. The syntheses are scalable, highly modular, and enable the introduction of different chlorins functionalized with a single reactive group (COOH or NH2). Absorption maxima were dependent on chlorin substitution pattern (monomeso aryl or dimeso aryl) and metalation state (free base or zinc chelate). The complexes benefit from dual chlorin (610-639 nm) and lanthanide (980 or 1065 nm for Yb- or Nd-complexes, respectively) emission in the biologically relevant red and near IR region of the spectrum.

  • 43. Li, Min
    et al.
    Smetana, Volodymyr
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Iowa State University, USA.
    Wilk-Kozubek, Magdalena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Iowa State University, USA; Wrocław Research Centre EIT+, Poland.
    Mudryk, Yaroslav
    Alammar, Tarek
    Pecharsky, Vitalij K.
    Mudring, Anja-Verena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Iowa State University, USA.
    Open-Framework Manganese(II) and Cobalt(II) Borophosphates with Helical Chains: Structures, Magnetic, and Luminescent Properties2017In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 56, no 18, p. 11104-11112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two borophosphates, (NH4)(1-2x)M1+x(H2O)(2)(BP2O8)center dot yH(2)O with M = Mn (I) and Co (II), synthesized hydrothermally crystallize in enantiomorphous space groups P6(5)22 and P6(1)22 with a = 9.6559(3) and 9.501(3) angstrom, c = 15.7939(6) and 15.582(4) angstrom, and V = 1275.3(1) and 1218.2(8) angstrom(3) for I and II, respectively. Both compounds feature helical chains composed of vertex-sharing tetrahedral PO4 and BO4 groups that are connected through O atoms to transition-metal cations, Mn2+ and Co2+, respectively. For the two crystallographically distinct-transition-metal cation sites present in the structure, this results in octahedral coordination with different degrees of distortion from the ideal symmetry. The crystal-field parameters, calculated from the corresponding absorption spectra, indicate that Mn2+ and Co2+ ions are located in a weak octahedral-like crystal field and suggest that the Co-ligand interactions are more covalent than the Mn-ligand ones. Luminescence measurements at room temperature reveal an orange emission that red-shifts upon lowering of the temperature to 77 K for I, while II is not luminescent. The luminescence lifetimes of I are 33.4 mu s at room temperature and 1.87 ms at 77 K. Both compounds are Curie-Weiss paramagnets with negative Weiss constants and effective magnetic moments expected for noninteracting Mn2+ and Co2+ cations but no clear long-range magnetic order above 2 K.

  • 44.
    Liao, Rong-Zhen
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Kärkäs, Markus D.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Lee, Bao-Lin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Åkermark, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Siegbahn, Per E. M.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Photosystem II Like Water Oxidation Mechanism in a Bioinspired Tetranuclear Manganese Complex2015In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 54, no 1, p. 342-351Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The synthesis of Mn-based catalysts to mimic the structural and catalytic properties of the oxygen-evolving complex in photosystem II is a long-standing goal for researchers. An interesting result in this field came with the synthesis of a Mn complex that enables water oxidation driven by the mild single-electron oxidant [Ru(bpy)(3)](3+). On the basis of hybrid density functional calculations, we herein propose a water oxidation mechanism for this bioinspired Mn catalyst, where the crucial O-O bond formation proceeds from the formal Mn-4(IV,IV,IV,V) state by direct coupling of a Mn-IV-bound terminal oxyl radical and a di-Mn bridging oxo group, a mechanism quite similar to the presently leading suggestion for the natural system. Of importance here is that the designed ligand is shown to be redox-active and can therefore store redox equivalents during the catalytic transitions, thereby alleviating the redox processes at the Mn centers.

  • 45.
    Liao, Rong-Zhen
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Siegbahn, Per E. M.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Phosphate Hydrolysis by the Fe-2-Ca-3-Dependent Alkaline Phosphatase PhoX: Mechanistic Insights from DFT calculations2015In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 54, no 24, p. 11941-11947Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PhoX is a pentanudear metalloenzyme that employs two ferric ions and three calcium ions to catalyze the hydrolysis of phosphomonoesters. On the basis of the X-ray structure of PhoX (Science 2014, 34S, 1170-1173), a model of the active site is designed, and quantum chemical calculations are used to investigate the reaction mechanism of this enzyme. The calculations support the experimental suggestion, in which the two high spin ferric ions interact in an antiferromagnetic fashion. The two step mechanism proposed by experimentalists has been investigated. The nudeophilic attack of a trinudear bridging oxo group on the phosphorus center was calculated to be the first step, which is concomitant with the departure of the phenolate, which is stabilized by a calcium ion. The second step is a reverse attack by a water molecule activated by a calciumbound hydroxide, leading to the regeneration of the bridging oxo group. The second step was calculated to have a barrier of 27.6 kcal/mol. The high barrier suggests that the alternative mechanism involving phosphate release directly from the active site seems to be more likely. All five metal ions are involved in the catalysis by stabilizing the pentacoordinated trigonal bipyramidal transition states.

  • 46.
    Liao, Rong-Zhen
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Yu, Jian-Guo
    Himo, Fahmi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Phosphate Mono- and Diesterase Activities of the Trinuclear Zinc Enzyme Nuclease P1—Insights from Quantum Chemical Calculations2010In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 49, no 15, p. 6883-6888Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nuclease P1 is a trinuclear zinc enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of single-stranded DNA and RNA. Density functional calculations are used to elucidate the reaction mechanism of this enzyme with a model of the active site designed on the basis of the X-ray crystal structure. 2-Tetrahydrofuranyl phosphate and methyl 2-tetrahydrofuranyl phosphate substrates are used to explore the phosphomonoesterase and phosphodiesterase activities of this enzyme, respectively. The calculations reveal that for both activities, a bridging hydroxide performs an in-line attack on the phosphorus center, resulting in inversion of the configuration. Simultaneously, the P−O bond is cleaved, and Zn2 stabilizes the negative charge of the leaving alkoxide anion and assists its departure. All three zinc ions, together with Arg48, provide electrostatic stabilization to the penta-coordinated transition state, thereby lowering the reaction barrier.

  • 47.
    Liao, Rong-Zhen
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Yu, Jian-Guo
    Himo, Fahmi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
    Reaction Mechanism of the Dinuclear Zinc Enzyme N-Acyl-l-homoserine Lactone Hydrolase: A Quantum Chemical Study2009In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 48, no 4, p. 1442-1448Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    N-acyl-L-homosedne lactone hydrolase (AHL lactonase) is a dinuclear zinc enzyme responsible for the hydrolytic ring opening of AHLs, disrupting quorum sensing in bacteria. The reaction mechanism is investigated using hybrid density functional theory. A model of the active site is designed on the basis of the X-ray crystal structure, and stationary points along the reaction pathway are optimized and analyzed. Two possible mechanisms based on two different substrate orientations are considered. The calculations give support to a reaction mechanism that involves two major chemical steps: nucleophilic attack on the substrate carbonyl carbon by the bridging hydroxide and ring opening by direct ester C-O bond cleavage, The roles of the two zinc ions are analyzed. Zn1 is demonstrated to stabilize the charge of the tetrahedral intermediate, thereby facilitating the nucleophilic attack, while Zn2 stabilizes the charge of the alkoxide resulting from the ring opening, thereby lowering the barrier for the C-O bond cleavage.

  • 48.
    Lidin, Sven
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical, Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Christensen, J
    Jansson, Kjell
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical, Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Fredrickson, D
    Incommensurate Stistaite-Order Made to Order2009In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 48, no 12, p. 5497-5503Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The stistaite SbSn phase contg. 40-57 at.% Sb was investigated by using single crystal x-ray diffraction and EDX to yield a simple relation between the modulated structure and compn.  Stistaite is incommensurately ordered over its entire stability region.

  • 49. Lin, Qisheng
    et al.
    Lidin, Sven
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science.
    Corbett, John D.
    Synthesis, structure, and bonding of Sc4MgxCu15-Ga-x similar to(7.5) (x=0, 0.5). Two incommensurately modulated scandium substitution derivatives of cubic Mg2Cu6Ga52008In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 47, no 3, p. 1020-1029Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The substitution of scandium for magnesium in Mg2Cu6Ga5 (Mg2Zn11-type) yields an irrational superstructure phase that includes the refined compositions, Sc4Mg0.50(2)Cu14.50(2)Ga7.61(2) and Sc4Cu14.76(2)Ga7.51(2)- These crystallize in Cmmm, a = similar to 8.31 angstrom, b = similar to 21.72 angstrom, c = -8.30 angstrom. The structures feature Sc-2 dimers, Cu-6 octahedra, a 3D CuGa (Cu12Ga2) framework, and arachno gallium-centered Cu4Ga6 icosahedra that are condensed into zigzag chains. The arrangement of these building blocks exhibits a topologic relationship to Mg2Cu6Ga5. Further studies reveal that the quaternary compound exhibits incommensurate modulations along a, with q = (0.694, 0, 0). Structure refinements with superspace group Xmmm(a00)000 led to saw-tooth modulations for two fractional or mixed sites that avoid short Cu-Ga distances. Band structure analyses reveal that the Fermi surface and bonding are sensitive to the incommensurately modulated atoms.

  • 50. Lundberg, Daniel
    et al.
    Persson, Ingmar
    Eriksson, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    D'Angelo, Paola
    De Panfilis, Simone
    Structural Study of the N,N '-Dimethylpropyleneurea Solvated Lanthanoid(III) Ions in Solution and Solid State with an Analysis of the Ionic Radii of Lanthanoid(III) Ions2010In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 49, no 10, p. 4420-4432Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The structures of the N,N'-dimethylpropyleneurea (dmpu) solvated lanthanoid(III) ions have been studied in dmpu solution (La-Nd, Sm-Lu) and in solid iodide salts (La-Nd, Sm, Gd-Lu) by extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS), and single crystal X-ray diffraction (La, Pr, Nd, Gd, Tb, Er, Yb, and Lu); the EXAFS studies were performed on both K and L-III absorption edges. Because of the space-demanding properties of dmpu upon coordination, dmpu solvated metal ions often show coordination numbers lower than those found in corresponding hydrates and solvates of oxygen donor solvents without steric requirements beyond the size of the donor atom. All lanthanoid(III) ions are seven-coordinate in solution, except lutetium(III) which is six-coordinated in regular octahedral fashion, whereas in the solid iodide salts the dmpu solvated lanthanoid(III) ions are all six-coordinate in regular octahedral fashion, A comparison of Ln-O bond lengths in a large number of lanthanoid(III) complexes with neutral oxygen donor ligands and different configurations shows that the metal ion-oxygen distance is specific for each coordination number with a narrow bond distance distribution. This also shows that the radius of the coordinated oxygen atom in these compounds can be assumed to be 1.34 angstrom as proposed for coordinated water, while for ethers such as tetrahydrofuran (thf) it is somewhat larger. Using this atomic radius of oxygen in coordinated water molecules, we have calculated the ionic radii of the lanthanoid(III) ions in four- to nine-coordination and evaluated using the bond lengths reported for homo- and heteroleptic complexes in oxygen donor solvates in solution and solid state. This yields new and revised ionic radii which in some instances are significantly different from the ionic radii normally referenced in the literature, including interpolated values for the elusive promethium(III) ion.

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