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  • 1. Aaberge, Rolf
    et al.
    Bourguignon, François
    Brandolini, Andrea
    Ferreira, Francisco H. G.
    Gornick, Janet G.
    Hills, John
    Jäntti, Markus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Jenkins, Stephen P.
    Marlier, Eric
    Micklewright, John
    Nolan, Brian
    Piketty, Thomas
    Radermacher, Walter J.
    Smeeding, Timothy M.
    Stern, Nicholas H.
    Stiglitz, Joseph
    Sutherland, Holly
    Tony Atkinson and his Legacy2017In: The Review of Income and Wealth, ISSN 0034-6586, E-ISSN 1475-4991, Vol. 63, no 3, p. 411-444Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tony Atkinson is universally celebrated for his outstanding contributions to the measurement and analysis of inequality, but he never saw the study of inequality as a separate branch of economics. He was an economist in the classical sense, rejecting any sub-field labelling of his interests and expertise, and he made contributions right across economics. His death on 1 January 2017 deprived the world of both an intellectual giant and a deeply committed public servant in the broadest sense of the term. This collective tribute highlights the range, depth and importance of Tony's enormous legacy, the product of almost fifty years’ work.

  • 2. Aafjes-van Doorn, Katie
    et al.
    Lilliengren, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Clinical psychology.
    Cooper, Angela
    McDonald, James
    Falkenström, Fredrik
    Patients’ Affective Processes Within Initial Experiential Dynamic Therapy Sessions2017In: Psychotherapy, ISSN 0033-3204, E-ISSN 1939-1536, Vol. 54, no 2, p. 175-183Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research has indicated that patients’ in-session experience of previously avoided affects may be important for effective psychotherapy. The aim of this study was to investigate patients’ in-session levels of affect experiencing in relation to their corresponding levels of insight, motivation, and inhibitory affects in initial Experiential Dynamic Therapy (EDT) sessions. Four hundred sixty-six 10-min video segments from 31 initial sessions were rated using the Achievement of Therapeutic Objectives Scale. A series of multilevel growth models, controlling for between-therapist variability, were estimated to predict patients’ adaptive affect experiencing (Activating Affects) across session segments. In line with our expectations, higher within-person levels of Insight and Motivation related to higher levels of Activating Affects per segment. Contrary to expectations, however, lower levels of Inhibition were not associated with higher levels of Activating Affects. Further, using a time-lagged model, we did not find that the levels of Insight, Motivation, or Inhibition during one session segment predicted Activating Affects in the next, possibly indicating that 10-min segments may be suboptimal for testing temporal relationships in affective processes. Our results suggest that, to intensify patients’ immediate affect experiencing in initial EDT sessions, therapists should focus on increasing insight into defensive patterns and, in particular, motivation to give them up. Future research should examine the impact of specific inhibitory affects more closely, as well as between-therapist variability in patients’ in-session adaptive affect experiencing.

  • 3. Aalst, Will
    et al.
    Shaw, Michael J.Szyperski, ClemensStirna, JanisStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.Persson, Anne
    The Practice of Enterprise Modeling: first IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference (PoEM 2008), proceedings2009Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 4. Aaltonen, Mikko
    et al.
    Skardhamar, Torbjørn
    Nilsson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Højsgaard Andersen, Lars
    Bäckman, Olof
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
    Estrada, Felipe
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
    Danielsson, Petri
    Comparing Employment Trajectories before and after First Imprisonment in Four Nordic Countries2017In: British Journal of Criminology, ISSN 0007-0955, E-ISSN 1464-3529, Vol. 57, no 4, p. 828-847Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Employment plays a crucial role in the re-entry process and in reducing recidivism among offenders released from prison. But at the same time, imprisonment is generally regarded as harmful to post-release employment prospects. Little is known, however, about whether or not offenders’ employment trajectories before and after imprisonment are similar across countries. As a first step towards filling this gap in research, this paper provides evidence on employment trajectories before and after imprisonment in four Nordic welfare states: Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. Using data gathered from administrative records on incarcerated offenders, the analysis focuses on individuals imprisoned for the first time and who served a prison sentence less than one year in length. Results show that although employment trajectories develop in mostly similar ways before and after imprisonment across these countries, important differences exist.

  • 5. Aaltonen, Olli
    et al.
    Hellström, Åke
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Peltola, Maija S.
    Savela, Janne
    Tamminen, Henna
    Lehtola, Heidi
    Brain responses reveal hardwired detection of native-language rule violations2008In: Neuroscience Letters, ISSN 0304-3940, E-ISSN 1872-7972, Vol. 444, no 1, p. 56-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mismatch negativity (MMN) is a neural correlate of the preattentive detection of any change in the acoustic characteristics of sounds. Here we provide evidence that violations of a purely phonological constraint in a listener's native language can also elicit the brain's automatic change-detection response. The MMN differed between Finnish and Estonian listeners, conditions being equal except for the native language of the listeners. We used two experimental conditions: synthetic vowels in isolation and the same vowels embedded in a pseudo-word context. MMN responses to isolated vowels were similar for Finns and Estonians, while the same vowels in a pseudoword context elicited different MMN patterns depending on the listener's mother tongue.

  • 6. Aarne, Päivikki
    et al.
    Almkvist, Ove
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Risholm Mothander, Pia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Tallberg, Ing-Mari
    Parent-rated socio-emotional development in children with language impairment in comparison with typically developed children2014In: European Journal of Developmental Psychology, ISSN 1740-5629, E-ISSN 1740-5610, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 279-291Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children with language impairment (LI) and children with typical development (TD) were assessed by their respective parents using The MacArthur Communicative Development Inventories (Swedish version SECDI) and Greenspan Socio Emotional Growth Chart (GSEGC). The aim was to investigate socio-emotional and language development in children with LI and TD with respect to possible differential patterns and relations between the groups. The results highlight a clear association between language and socio-emotional development. Children with LI were rated similar to young language-matched children with TD, but significantly lower relative to age-matched TD children, particularly concerning symbolic stages of development: the use of linguistic symbols as well as related areas such as symbol play and symbolic mental ability. The results are discussed in light of presumable background factors and possible consequences for children or sub-groups of children with LI.

  • 7.
    Aaro Jonsson, Catherine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Long-term cognitive outcome of childhood traumatic brain injury2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is limited knowledge of cognitive outcome extending beyond 5 years after childhood traumatic brain injury, CTBI. The main objectives of this thesis were to investigate cognitive outcome at 6-14 years after CTBI, and to evaluate if advancements in the neurosurgical care, starting 1992, did influence long-term outcome and early epidemiology. An additional aim was to study the relationship between early brain injury parameters and early functional outcome. Study 1 evaluated cognitive progress during 14 years after CTBI, over three neuropsychological assessments in 8 patients with serious CTBI. Study 2 used patient records to investigate early epidemiology, received rehabilitation and medical follow up in two clinical cohorts, n=82 and n=46, treated neurosurgically for CTBI before and after 1992. An exploratory cluster analysis was applied to analyse the relation between early brain injury severity parameters and early functional outcome. In Study 3, participants in the two cohorts, n=18 and n=23, treated neurosurgically for CTBI before and after 1992, were subject to an extensive neuropsychological assessment, 13 and 6 years after injury, respectively. Assessment results of the two cohorts were compared with each other and with controls. Data were analysed with multivariate analyses of variance. Results and discussion. There were significant long-term cognitive deficits of similar magnitude and character in the two cohorts with CTBI, treated before and after the advancements in neurosurgical care. At 6-14 years after injury, long-term deficits in verbal intellectual and executive functions were found, and were discussed in terms of their late maturation and a decreased executive control over verbal memory-functions after CTBI. Visuospatial functions had a slightly better long-term recovery. The amount of rehabilitation received was equally low in both cohorts. The length of time spent in intensive care and the duration of care in the respirator may have a stronger relationship to early outcome than does a single measure of level of consciousness at admission. Main conclusions are that cognitive deficits are apparent at long-term follow up, 6-13 years after neurosurgically treated CTBI, even after advancements in the neurosurgical care in Sweden. Measures of verbal IQ, verbal memory and executive functions were especially low while visuospatial intellectual functions appear to have a better long-term recovery.

  • 8. Aaro Jonsson, Catherine C.
    et al.
    Emanuelson, Ingrid M.
    Smedler, Ann-Charlotte
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Variability in quality of life 13 years after traumatic brain injury in childhood2014In: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, ISSN 0342-5282, E-ISSN 1473-5660, Vol. 37, no 4, p. 317-322Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the aim of describing variability in the long-term outcome of quality of life after neurosurgically treated pediatric traumatic brain injury, mostly self-reports of 21 individuals with mild or moderate/severe injury were gathered using Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory in telephone interviews 13 years aftyer injury. A majority of the participants reported brain injury-related problems. The median outcome on Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory was mild to moderate limitations. The variation within the moderate/severe group varied between relatively good outcome and moderate/severe limitations. Concentration, irritability, fatigue, and transportation were reported as the most problematic areas, whereas self-care was reported as well functioning. Societal participation appeared to be the best functional domain in this Swedish study. Examples of individual reports of the life-situation at various outcome levels were provided. Variability in outcome is large within severity groups, and research may gain by addressing both outcomes of the individuals and groups. Objective questions of outcome should be accompanied by questions of actual functioning in everyday life. To ensure long-term support for quality of life for those with remaining dysfunction after pediatric traumatic brain injury, healthcare systems should implement systematic routines for referral to rehabilitation and support.

  • 9. Aaro Jonsson, Catherine
    et al.
    Catroppa, Cathy
    Godfrey, Celia
    Smedler, Ann-Charlotte
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Anderson, Vicki
    Cognitive Recovery and Development after Traumatic Brain Injury in Childhood: A Person-Oriented, Longitudinal Study2013In: Journal of Neurotrauma, ISSN 0897-7151, E-ISSN 1557-9042, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 76-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Influence of childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) on cognitive recovery and subsequent development is poorly understood. In this longitudinal study we used cluster analysis to explore acute stage individual profiles of injury age and cognition in 118 children with traumatic brain injury. Repeated measures of cognitive function were conducted at 30 months, indicating recovery, and 10 years post-injury, indicating development. Nine clusters were identified. Recovery was evident in three clusters, two of them with low functioning profiles. Developmental gains occurred for three clusters and an acute profile of higher freedom from distractibility (FFD) and lower processing speed (PS) was related to positive differences. One cluster, average low functioning and especially low verbal comprehension, demonstrated a slower development than peers. This suggests that developmental change after TBI in childhood takes place on a continuum, with both chance of long-term catching up, and risk of poor development. An acute profile of higher FFD and lower PS seemed to reflect injury consequences and were followed by developmental gains. These results challenge previous findings, and warrant further investigation.

  • 10.
    Aaro Jonsson, Catherine
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Horneman, Göran
    Department of Psychology, Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Emanuelson, Ingrid
    Institute for the Health of Women and Children, Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg.
    Neuropsychological progress during 14 yearsafter severe traumatic brain injury in childhoodand adolescence2004In: Brain Injury, ISSN 0269-9052, E-ISSN 1362-301X, Vol. 18, no 9, p. 921-934Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To investigate the impact of time since injury on  neuropsychological and psychosocial outcome after serious TBI in childhood or adolescence. Methods: The subjects were eight patients with serious TBI sustained at a mean age of 14 years who had been assessed neuropsychological at one, seven and 14 years after TBI. A retrospective longitudinal design was chosen to describe the development in six neuropsychological domains on basis of the assessments. Psychosocial data were gathered from clinical knowledge and a semi-structured interview at 14 years after TBI. Results: Performance of verbal IQ shows a declining trend over the three assessments, that the performance of attention and working memory is low and that verbal learning is the cognitive domain, which exhibits the largest impairments. The main psychosocial result is that three of the eight subjects go from a school situation with no adjustments to adult life with an early retirement. Conclusions: Time since insult is an important factor when assessing outcome after TBI in childhood and adolescence and that assessment of final outcome should not be done before adulthood.

  • 11.
    Aaro Jonsson, Catherine
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Smedler, Ann-Charlotte
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Leis Ljungmark, Mia
    Institution for clinical sciences, Dept. of pediatrics, Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University.
    Emanuelson, Ingrid
    Institution for clinical sciences, Dept. of pediatrics, Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University.
    Long-term cognitive outcome after neurosurgically treated childhood traumatic brain injury2009In: Brain Injury, ISSN 0269-9052, E-ISSN 1362-301X, Vol. 23, no 13-14, p. 1008-1016Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To explore the cognitive long term outcome of two cohorts of patients neurosurgically treated for childhood traumatic brain injury (CTBI), either in 1987-1991 according to an older concept, or 1997-2001 with a stronger emphasis on volume targeted interventions. Research design and methods: Participants in the two cohorts were subject to an extensive neuropsychological assessment, 13.2 and 6.1 years post injury, respectively. In a between group design, assessment results of the two cohorts, n 18 and n 23, were compared to each other and to controls. Data were analyzed with multivariate analyses of variance. Results: Long-term cognitive deficits for both groups of similar magnitude and character were observed in both groups. Abilities were especially low regarding executive and memory function and verbal IQ. The cognitive results are discussed in terms of  vulnerability of verbal functions and decreased executive control over memory-functions. Conclusions: There is a definite need for long term follow up of cognitive deficits after neurosurgically treated CTBI, also with the newer neurosurgical concept. Verbal learning and the executive control over memory functions should be addressed with interventions aimed at restoration, coping and compensation.

  • 12. Aarsand, Pål
    et al.
    Forsberg, Lucas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    De öppna och stängda dörrarnas moral: Dilemman i deltagande observation med videokamera2009In: Den väsentliga vardagen: Några diskursanalytiska perspektiv på tal, text och bild, Stockholm: Carlssons , 2009, p. 148-168Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13. Aarsand, Pål
    et al.
    Forsberg, Lucas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Producing children's corporeal privacy: Ethnographic video recording as material-discursive practice2010In: Qualitative Research, ISSN 1468-7941, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 249-268Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the use of video cameras in participant observation drawing on approximately 300 hours of video data from an ethnographic study of Swedish family life. Departing from Karen Barad’s post-humanistic perspective on scientific practices, the aim is to critically analyse how researchers, research participants and technology produce and negotiate children’s corporeal privacy. Ethnographic videotaping is understood as a material- discursive practice that creates and sustains boundaries between private and public, where videotaping is ideologically connected to a public sphere that may at times ‘intrude’ on children’s corporeal privacy. The limits of corporeal privacy are never fixed, but open for negotiation; ethnographers may therefore unintentionally transgress the boundary and thus be faced with ethical dilemmas. The fluidity of privacy calls for ethical reflexivity before, during and after fieldwork, and researchers must be sensitive to when ethical issues are at hand and how to deal with them.

  • 14. Aarskaug Wiik, Kenneth
    et al.
    Bernhardt, Eva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Cohabiting and Married Individuals' Relations With Their Partner's Parents2017In: Journal of Marriage and Family, ISSN 0022-2445, E-ISSN 1741-3737, Vol. 79, no 4, p. 1111-1124Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using Norwegian survey data on partnered individuals ages 18 to 55 (N = 4,061; 31% cohabitors), the current study investigated differences across marital and cohabiting unions regarding the patterns of contact with the parents of the partner. In addition to investigating the frequency of such contact, we assessed the nature of and perceived quality of contacts with the partner's parents. The authors grouped respondents according to whether they had children with their partner and controlled for a range of selection characteristics. Results confirmed that parents with preschool children met their in-laws more frequently than the childless, irrespective of union type. Married respondents as well as cohabitors with preschool children reported better relations with their partner's parents than childless cohabitors. Taken together, the results imply that having small children was more decisive for the relationship with the parents of the partner than getting married, particularly with regard to contact frequency.

  • 15. Aarts, Alexander A.
    et al.
    Nilsonne, Gustav
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Zuni, Kellylynn
    Estimating the reproducibility of psychological science2015In: Science, ISSN 0036-8075, E-ISSN 1095-9203, Vol. 349, no 6251Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reproducibility is a defining feature of science, but the extent to which it characterizes current research is unknown. We conducted replications of 100 experimental and correlational studies published in three psychology journals using high-powered designs and original materials when available. Replication effects were half the magnitude of original effects, representing a substantial decline. Ninety-seven percent of original studies had statistically significant results. Thirty-six percent of replications had statistically significant results; 47% of original effect sizes were in the 95% confidence interval of the replication effect size; 39% of effects were subjectively rated to have replicated the original result; and if no bias in original results is assumed, combining original and replication results left 68% with statistically significant effects. Correlational tests suggest that replication success was better predicted by the strength of original evidence than by characteristics of the original and replication teams.

  • 16.
    Aasi, Parisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Information Technology Governance: The Role of Organizational Culture and Structure2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Information Technology Governance (ITG) is among the most important challenges for the managers today. IT is not anymore just a supportive tool but also a strategic driver for the businesses. In the dynamic and competitive world of today, it is crucial for organizations to know how to govern IT rather than just to use it. IT governance deals with specifying responsibilities and decision rights to encourage the desirable behaviour from IT and generate value from IT investments. IT governance can impact the overall performance of organizations, however there are still difficulties in understanding IT governance and the factors that may influence it.

    Organizational culture and structure are among the factors that have significant influence on many issues in an organization. According to previous research, organizational culture and structure need to be considered when implementing IT governance. However, there is a lack of research focusing on how organizational culture and structure can influence IT governance performance and implementation. Thus, the main research question addressed in this thesis is: How are organizational culture and structure related to IT governance? To address this question, this research has performed literature reviews and conducted case studies to investigate the role of organizational culture and structure on IT governance. As the first step, the previous literature was reviewed to find the gaps in the research on culture and IT governance. As the next step, four case studies were conducted to explore the influence of organizational culture and structure on IT governance. Two case studies have investigated the relation between organizational structure and IT governance implementation and performance in large organizations; and two other case studies investigated on how different types of organizational culture influence IT governance performance outcomes.

    The results of this research respond to the research question by specifying the role of culture in IT governance through a categorization of prior research both from research and practice perspectives; specifying the influence of different organizational culture types on IT governance performance outcomes in different organizations; and by specifying IT organizational structure relationship with IT governance performance outcomes and IT governance implementation.

    The research presented in this thesis provides both theoretical and empirical contributions to the IT governance research and practice.

  • 17.
    Aasi, Parisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Organizational Culture and Structure Influence on Information Technology Governance2016Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Aasi, Parisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Nunes, Ivan
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Hodosi, Georg
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Does Organizational Culture Matter in IT Outsourcing Relationships?2015In: Proceedings of the 48th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS-48), IEEE Computer Society, 2015, p. 4691-4699Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Aasi, Parisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Nunes, Ivan
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Hodosi, Georg
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    The impact of different organizational cultures on IT outsourcing relationship management2013In: International Journal of Innovation in the Digital Economy, ISSN 1947-8305, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 50-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Globalization has affected the organizations in many aspects such as structure, architecture, internal/external strategies and sourcing management. Outsourcing is one of the recent business strategies used to provide IT needs via external agents. The relationship between the service buyer and provider companies is a constituent playing a significant role in IT outsourcing success or failure. This research has a focus on the influence of organizational culture of buyer companies on the specific factors of trust, cooperation, communication and commitment in their relationship with the IT service provider. Two explorative case studies are done in global companies using ITO which revealed the presence of organizational culture effect. Particularly, being innovative, having open discussion as an organizational culture and looking for extending contracts with providers as a strategy, appeared as the major difference between the two cases organizational culture; which influences the studied factors of ITO relationship in this research.

  • 20.
    Aasi, Parisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Facing The Digitalization Challenge: Why Organizational Culture Matters and How It Influences IT Governance Performance2017In: Information Systems Development: Advances in Methods, Tools and Management: Proceedings / [ed] N. Paspallis, M. Raspopoulos, C. Barry, M. Lang, H. Linger, C. Schneider, Association for Information Systems, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today it is not possible for the companies to compete without having IT as a strategic driver. That is why IT governance becomes crucial for managers to bring the most value from IT to the business. Additionally organizational culture is an important factor and often blamed when IT governance projects fail. However little in-depth research investigated how the organizational culture changes can improve the IT governance performance. This research is a case study of the IT department of a large company attempting to improve the IT governance while facing the digitalization challenge. In this case the IT department has an organizational culture change journey seeking to improve the IT governance performance. The results indicate that the initial clan culture orientation of the IT department has led to a successful IT governance performance in cost-effective use of IT. Furthermore, adhocracy is identified as preferred culture for improving IT governance for growth.

  • 21.
    Aasi, Parisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Han, Shengnan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Culture Influence on IT Governance: What We Have Learned?2017In: Organizational Culture and Behavior: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications, IGI Global, 2017, no 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Managers face enormous challenges today to plan the decision rights and responsibilities in order to reach desired IT behaviors which are aligned with business objectives of organizations. This is known as IT governance and is ranked as one of the firms' top concerns. Not surprisingly, it is crucial for organizations to find the affecting factors on IT governance and solve the problems associated with it. Culture in national, organizational or group level is an affecting factor in organizations that can play a role in IT governance and this role is rarely explored in academic research. This paper provides a literature review investigating the influence of culture on IT governance. The research purpose is to identify how culture and IT governance in the companies can be linked together and promote this area for future research. The literature review is done systematically and the findings are classified by using an IT governance framework with three main components of structures, processes and relational mechanisms. The results indicate there is an influence from national and organizational culture on IT governance. However, the number of studies is very few and there is still a lack of knowledge on how culture can influence IT governance. This research calls upon a further research on culture impact on achieving an effective IT governance implementation in organizations.

  • 22.
    Aasi, Parisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Han, Shengnan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Culture Influence on IT Governance: What We Have Learned?2014In: International Journal of IT - Business Alignment and Governance, ISSN 1947-9611, E-ISSN 1947-962X, Vol. 5, no 1, article id 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Managers face enormous challenges today to plan the decision rights and responsibilities in order to reach desired IT behaviors which are aligned with business objectives of organizations. This is known as IT governance and is ranked as one of the firms' top concerns. Not surprisingly, it is crucial for organizations to find the affecting factors on IT governance and solve the problems associated with it. Culture in national, organizational or group level is an affecting factor in organizations that can play a role in IT governance and this role is rarely explored in academic research. This paper provides a literature review investigating the influence of culture on IT governance. The research purpose is to identify how culture and IT governance in the companies can be linked together and promote this area for future research. The literature review is done systematically and the findings are classified by using an IT governance framework with three main components of structures, processes and relational mechanisms. The results indicate there is an influence from national and organizational culture on IT governance. However, the number of studies is very few and there is still a lack of knowledge on how culture can influence IT governance. This research calls upon a further research on culture impact on achieving an effective IT governance implementation in organizations.

  • 23.
    Aasi, Parisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Han, Shengnan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    The Influence of Culture on IT Governance: A Literature Review2014In: 2014 47th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS) / [ed] Sprague, R. H., IEEE Computer Society, 2014, p. 4436-4445Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    IT governance is crucial for managers to regulate the decision rights and responsibilities that the desired IT behaviors and business objectives are aligned with each other. Additionally, culture in national, organizational or group level can play a role in IT governance and this role is rarely explored in academic research. This paper provides a literature review investigating the impact of culture on IT governance. It is aimed to find the linkage between these two concepts and to promote this area for future research. The literature review was done systematically and the findings are categorized by using an IT governance framework which includes three main components: structures, processes and relational mechanisms. The results indicate there is an influence from national and organizational culture on IT governance, especially on relational mechanisms. However, the number of studies is very few and there is still a lack of knowledge on how culture can influence IT governance.

  • 24.
    Aasi, Parisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Han, Shengnan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    The Influence of Organizational Culture on IT Governance Performance: Case of The IT Department in a Large Swedish Company2016In: Proceedings of the 49th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences / [ed] Tung X. Bui, Ralph H. Sprague, Jr., IEEE Computer Society, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    IT governance is one of the top concerns of organizations today seeking to gain value from their IT investments and create competitive advantage. Organizational culture on the other hand is one of the various factors influencing IT governance performance. However there is not much research conducted to understand this topic deeply. This research thus, is exploring the influence of organizational culture on four IT governance performance outcomes through a case study in IT department of a large Swedish company. The results provide evidence that organizational culture is influencing IT governance performance. Specifically the current clan culture orientation of the IT department has led to a successful IT governance performance in cost-effective use of IT. Furthermore adhocracy as the preferred culture is identified to influence IT governance in effective use of IT for growth which is not so successful with the current clan culture.

  • 25.
    Aasi, Parisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Han, Shengnan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    The Role of Culture in IT Governance2014In: Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS 2014): AMCIS 2014, Proceedings, AIS eLibrary , 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Aasi, Parisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Leidner, Dorothy
    IT Organizational Structure Relationship with IT Governance Performance: Case of a Public Organization2017In: Information Technology Governance in Public Organizations: Theory and Practice / [ed] Lazar Rusu, Gianluigi Viscusi, Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2017, no 0, p. 229-252Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information Technology (IT) is widely used in organizations and managers continue to struggle with how to govern IT. IT governance concerns the decision rights and division of responsibilities to achieve value from IT investments. Any IT governance approach is incorporated into a given organizational structure. However in the particular context of public organizations, there is little research on IT organizational structure relationship with IT governance performance. In this research, a case study is done in a public organization to find out how suitable is the organizational structure of the IT department is in relation with the IT governance performance. The results reveal that the IT department organizational structure needs to suit the IT governance performance desired outcomes. In this case, operating as a public organization has actuated the organization to focus on IT governance outcome of effective use of IT for growth. This together with the IT governance archetypes of this public organization for different IT decisions led the IT department leaders to adopt a matrix organizational structure.

  • 27.
    Aasi, Parisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Leidner, Dorothy
    Perjons, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Corrales Estrada, Martha
    What is the role of organizational culture in IT governance performance of collaborative virtual networks?2018In: International Journal of IT - Business Alignment and Governance, ISSN 1947-9611, E-ISSN 1947-962X, Vol. 9, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Aasi, Parisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Vieru, Dragos
    The Role of Culture in IT Governance Five Focus Areas: A Literature Review2017In: International Journal of IT - Business Alignment and Governance, ISSN 1947-9611, E-ISSN 1947-962X, Vol. 8, no 2, article id 3Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information technology governance (ITG) is one of the top challenges of managers today and culture in different level can have an important role while implementing IT governance. This is a new and significant issue, which has not been investigated deeply. This paper sets out to provide a systematic review of the literature, focusing on the role of culture in IT governance. The literature review findings are categorized through the lens of IT governance's five focus areas which are IT strategic alignment, IT value delivery, Risk management, IT resource management and Performance measurement. This study contributes to the field of IT governance by reviewing and discussing the existing literature on the role of culture on IT governance. This literature review resulted that there are few research studies in this topic and many of the IT governance focus areas are not covered regarding the role of culture in these IT governance areas.

  • 29.
    Aasi, Seyedeh Parisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Rusu, Lazar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Leidner, Dorothy
    Baylor University, Hankamer School of Business, Management Information Systems.
    Perjons, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Corrales Estrada, Martha
    EGADE Business School Monterrey, , Management, Entrepreneurship and Marketing.
    How Does the Organizational Culture of Collaborative Networks Influence IT Governance Performance in a Large Organization?2018In: Hawaii International Conference on Systems Sciences (HICSS-51), IEEE Computer Society , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Aatela, Ann
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Tvillingskap, identitetsutveckling och delad eller gemensam skolgång.: - Resonemang bland föräldrar, lärare och tvillingar2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 31.
    Abarca-Pereda, Enrique
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Hungria Garcia, Rosane
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, School of Business.
    Technology Reshaping Relationships:: The case of FöreningsSparbanken2001Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The financial system is currently undergoing structural changes all over the world. Thanks to the advances of technology, banks are also changing the way they interact with their customers. From a face-to-face to a faceless contact, via cash machines and the Internet, banks are urging to create effective communication channels that maintain close relationships with their customers. To better illustrate this situation, this study was based on the case of FöreningsSparbaken, a Swedish retail bank, which has a traditional structure and is also undergoing structural changes. With the implementation of new technologies, the bank's customers are experimenting some dissatisfaction concerning the new services provided. Little personal contact, reduction in service options and payment of Internet service fees are the major negative aspects that customers are facing with the bank's changes. These issues are addressed and discussed in this research on the basis of marketing approach.

  • 32.
    Abbas, Haider
    et al.
    KTH, School of ICT, Electronic Systems.
    Magnusson, Christer
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Yngström, Louise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Hemani, Ahmed
    ICT/Materialfysik.
    Addressing Dynamic Issues in Information Security Management2011In: Information Management & Computer Security, ISSN 0968-5227, E-ISSN 1758-5805, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 5-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper addresses three main problems resulting from uncertainty in information security management: i)dynamically changing security requirements of an organization ii) externalities caused by a security system and iii)obsolete evaluation of security concerns. A framework based on options reasoning borrowed from corporate finance is proposed and adapted to evaluation of security architecture and decision-making for handling these issues at organizational level. The adaptation as methodology is demonstrated by a large case study validating its efficacy.

  • 33. Abbas, Haider
    et al.
    Magnusson, Christer
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Yngström, Louise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Hemani, Ahmed
    Architectural Description of an Automated System for Uncertainty Issues Management in Information Security2010In: International Journal of computer Science and Information Security, ISSN 1947-5500, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 59-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information technology evolves at a faster pace giving organizations a limited scope to comprehend and effectively react to steady flux nature of its progress. Consequently the rapid technological progression raises various concerns for the IT system of an organization i.e. existing hardware/software obsoleteness, uncertain system behavior, interoperability of various components/method, sudden changes in IT security requirements and expiration of security evaluations. These issues are continuous and critical in their nature that create uncertainty in IT infrastructure and threaten the IT security measures of an organization. In this research, Options theory is devised to address uncertainty issues in IT security management and the concepts have been developed/validated through real cases on SHS (Spridnings-och-Hämtningssystem) and ESAM (E-society) systems. AUMSIS (Automated Uncertainty Management System in Information Security) is the ultimate objective of this research which provides an automated system for uncertainty management in information security. The paper presents the architectural description of AUMSIS, its various components, information flow, storage and information processing details using options valuation techniques. It also presents heterogeneous information retrieval problems and their solution. The architecture is validated with examples from SHS system

  • 34. Abbas, Haider
    et al.
    Orlandi, Eugenio
    Aslam Khan, Farrukh
    Popov, Oliver
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Masood, Asif
    Security, Safety and Trust Management2017In: 2017 IEEE 26th International Conference on Enabling Technologies: Infrastructure for Collaborative Enterprises: Proceedings / [ed] Sumitra Reddy, Wojciech Cellary, Mariagrazia Fugini, IEEE Computer Society, 2017, p. 242-243Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The continuously evolving nature of today's internet outdates the existing security and safety mechanisms and therefore there is an emerging need to propose robust, powerful and reliable solutions. These advancements have a great impact on the software and system architectures, resulting in a highly dynamic smart networked environment. The systems used within these complex environments have at least two things in common, namely, the need to restrict or grant access for the required resources based on security policy to face security threats, and the need to sustain resilience of the environment in face of safety hazards. Both aspects should consider trust.

  • 35. Abbas, Haider
    et al.
    Orlandi, Eugenio
    Aslam Khan, Farrukh
    Popov, Oliver
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Masood, Asif
    Security, Safety and Trust Management (SSTM ‘17)2017In: 2017 IEEE 26th International Conference on Enabling Technologies: Infrastructure for Collaborative Enterprises: Proceedings / [ed] Sumitra M. Reddy, Wojciech Cellary, Mariagrazia Fugini, IEEE Computer Society, 2017, p. 242-243Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of SSTM'17 was to attract young researchers, Ph.D. students, practitioners, and industry experts to bring contributions in the area of Security, Safety and Trust Management, especially in the developments of computing, management and programming models, technologies, framework and middleware.

  • 36. Abbas, Haider
    et al.
    Yngström, Louise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Hemani, Ahmed
    Adaptability Infrastructure for Bridging IT Security Evaluation and Options theory2009In: SIN'09, October 6-10, 2009, North Cyprus, Turkey, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 37. Abbas, Haider
    et al.
    Yngström, Louise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Hemani, Ahmed
    Empowering Security Evaluation of IT Products with Option Theory2009In: 30th IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, Oakland, California, USA, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 38. Abbas, Haider
    et al.
    Yngström, Louise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Hemani, Ahmed
    Option Based evaluation: Security Evaluation of IT Products Based on Options Theory2009In: IEEE ECBS-EERC, Novi Sad Serbia, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 39. Abbas, Haider
    et al.
    Yngström, Louise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Hemani, Ahmed
    ROA Based Agile Security Evaluation of IT Products for Developing Countries2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 40. Abbas, Haider
    et al.
    Yngström, Louise
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences. Säkerhetsinformatik.
    Hemani, Ahmed
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences. Mikroelektronik och tillämpad fysik. Tillämpad IT. Tillämpad IT med entreprenörskap.
    Security Evaluation of Products: Bridging the Gap between Common Criteria (CC) and Real Option Thinking2008In: WCECS, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Abbas, Sheimaa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Feminism och mångkulturalism: en fallstudie om motsättningar mellan individrättigheter och grupprättigheter2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hedersrelaterat våld och praktiserandet av traditioner som arrangerade äktenskap och polygami har aktualiserat diskurser rörande erkännande av kulturella divergenser i en rad västliga länder. Studiens syfte är att belysa ståndpunkter i diskursen som rör kvinnors individuella rättigheter och gruppens rättigheter i ett mångkulturellt sammanhang vilket sker ut ett textanalytiskt perspektiv samt ur det levda livets. Jag utgår från filosofen Martha Nussbaum teori om mänskliga funktionsförmågor och definition av mänskliga rättigheter. Jag har analyserat två aktörers texter i diskursen, Susan Moller Okin (förespråkar individrättigheter) samt Charles Taylor (förespråkar grupprättigheter). Studiens centrala fråga samt övergripande frågeställningar är:

    Vad är mänskliga rättigheter?

    - ur det filosofiska perspektivet,

    - ur Taylors respektive Okins ståndpunkter och

    - ur det levda livets?

    Jag har intervjuat en kvinna, från en annan kulturell kontext än den svenska, om hennes valmöjligheter och handlingsutrymme. Jag kom fram till att Okins perspektiv överensstämmer med Nussbaum angående huruvida individens rättigheter skall ges företräde framför gruppens preferenser, vilket de bör enligt min analys, medan Taylor står längre ifrån och i vissa avseenden går helt emot Nussbaums teori.

  • 42.
    Abbasi, Abdul
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Muftic, Sead
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    CryptoNET: integrated secure workstation2009In: International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, ISSN 2005-4238, Vol. 12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In most of the current applications security is usually provided individually. This means that various applications use their own security mechanisms and services, applied only to their own resources and functions. Furthermore, procedures to configure security parameters are usually inconvenient and complicated for non-technical users. As an alternative to this approach, we have designed and implemented Secure Workstation, which represents an integrated security environment and protects local IT resources, messages and operations across multiple applications. It comprises five components, i.e. four most commonly used PC applications: Secure Station Manager (equivalent to Windows Explorer), Secure E-Mail Client, Secure Documents System, and Secure Browser. These four components for their security extensions use functions and credentials of the fifth component, Generic Security Provider [5]. With this approach, we provide standard security services (authentication, confidentiality, and integrity and access control) and also additional, extended security services, such as transparent handling of certificates, use of smart cards, strong authentication protocol, SAML based single-singe-on, secure sessions, and other security functions, to all PC applications with the same set of security modules and parameters.

  • 43.
    Abbasi, Abdul
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Muftic, Sead
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Gernot, Schmölzer
    A Model and Design of a Security Provider for Java Applications2009In: International Conference on Risks and Security of Internet and Systems, Toulouse, France: Yves Deswarte , 2009, Vol. 1, no 4Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Abbasi, Abdul
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Muftic, Sead
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Gernot, Schmölzer
    CryptoNET: Design and Implementation of the Secure Email System2009In: International Workshop on Security and Communication Networks, Trondheim, Norway: Svein Johan Knapskog , 2009, Vol. 1, no 1Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Abbasi, Abdul
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Muftic, Sead
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Gernot, Schmölzer
    CryptoNET: Secure Federation Protocol and Authorization Policies for SMI2009In: International Conference on Risks and Security of Internet and Systems, Toulouse, France: Yves Deswarte , 2009, Vol. 1, no 4Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Abbasi, Ayyob
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Cabrera, Anahy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Äldre och ensamhet: en kvalitativ studie om ensamhet bland äldre boende i eget hem och på servicehus2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att belysa ensamhet bland äldre. För att få en djupare förståelse för betydelsen av de äldres sociala förhållanden, gjordes en kvalitativ intervjuundersökning med tre äldre människor boende i eget hem med hemtjänstinsatser samt tre boende på servicehus, med avsikt att jämföra upplevelsen av ensamhet i de olika boendeformerna. Resultatet tematiserades kring följande teman: ålder och aktivitet, åldrande och sociala kontakter, åldrande och upplevelse av ensamhet/gemenskap, boendeformen och dess betydelse för ensamhets-/gemenskapsupplevelsen, hemtjänstens betydelse samt strategier mot den eventuella ensamheten. Analysen av resultatet gjordes utifrån följande gerontologiska teorier: rollteorin, aktivitetsteorin, disengagemangsteorin, teorin om gerotranscendens och livsloppsperspektiv på åldrandet. Undersökningen visade att samtliga respondenter upplever en minskning av de sociala kontakterna på grund av åldrandet och medföljande funktionsnedsättning och att detta har bidragit till en ökning av fysisk ensamhet. Upplevelsen av ensamhet tycks däremot inte vara påverkad av vare sig ålder eller boendeform. Alla respondenter tyckte att fysiska aktiviteter var viktiga och deltog själva i någon form av aktivitet oavsett om de kände sig ensamma eller ej. Hemtjänstpersonalen har en stor betydelse i respondenternas vardag. Den minskar deras ensamhet och är en trygghetsfaktor. Positiva omdömen är återkommande i respondenternas beskrivning av hemtjänstens roll i deras tillvaro.

  • 47.
    Abbasian, Saeid
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Yazdanfar, Darush
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Hedberg, Charlotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
    The determinant of external financing at the start-up stage: Empirical evidences from Swedish data2014In: World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, ISSN 1746-0573, E-ISSN 1746-0581, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 124-141Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Small firms in general have limited access to funding, which is a major problem for entrepreneurs. In particular, this problem is evident for women and ethnic minority groups. The purpose of the study is to examine empirically the impact of gender, ethnicity and other relevant variables on the access to external financing of new small firms. A sample of 2,764 female– and male–owned small businesses, based on a unique and large database gathered through interviews, was investigated employing binary logistic regression models. The results suggest that both gender and ethnicity are significant explanatory variables influencing the access to external capital at the start–up stage. Entrepreneurs' age, experience of starting businesses and education, as well as additional jobs beside their own business, are other variables that influence the way in which entrepreneurs finance their business. Moreover, firm characteristics in terms of personal start–up capital, firm size and legal form have an impact on financing behaviour at start–up. Since the knowledge about this issue is limited, the results of this study add to our understanding of the variables affecting the behaviour of small business endeavours in seeking funding at start–up

  • 48.
    Abbaspour, Katherine
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Pertot, Jacqueline
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    En kvalitativ analys av förändringsprocesser från ett liv med, till ett liv utan våld och kriminalitet.2008Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to reach an increased understanding about how the changing process with regards to criminality and violent behaviour of men may look like. The questions on these issues were: (1) How do three men describe the changing process of their life manner from violence and criminality into non violence and non criminal way of life? (2) How do three professionals from the probation service describe the life changing process of men from violence and criminality into non violence and non criminal way of life? Our research study was thoroughly done based on a qualitative approach method, interviewing six individuals by following the theme focused interview guidelines. Three men with previous violence and crime records, actors, and three professionals working in the probation service, observers, were interviewed and the selection was intended to highlight the problem from two angles. The interviews were analyzed through social psychology and pattern which describes the process of changes. The results showed that the changing process from violence and criminality is complex and there are indeed several factors likewise major cause such as important circumstances, supporter and mentor, altered self-image and motivation was of great importance. The results correspond with previous research.

  • 49. Abbass, Allan
    et al.
    Lilliengren, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Town, Joel
    On Paolo Migione's "What Does Brief Mean?"2014In: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, ISSN 0003-0651, E-ISSN 1941-2460, Vol. 62, no 5, p. NP18-NP22Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 50. Abbass, Allan
    et al.
    Town, Joel
    Ogrodniczuk, John
    Joffres, Michel
    Lilliengren, Peter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Clinical psychology.
    Intensive Short-Term Dynamic Psychotherapy Trial Therapy Effectiveness and Role of Unlocking the Unconscious2017In: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, ISSN 0022-3018, E-ISSN 1539-736X, Vol. 205, no 6, p. 453-457Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined the effects of trial therapy interviews using intensive short-term dynamic psychotherapy with 500 mixed sample, tertiary center patients. Furthermore, we investigated whether the effect of trial therapy was larger for patients who had a major unlocking of the unconscious during the interview compared with those who did not. Outcome measures were the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) and the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP), measured at baseline and at 1-month follow-up. Significant outcome effects were observed for both the BSI and the IIP with small to moderate preeffect/posteffect sizes, Cohen's d = 0.52 and 0.23, respectively. Treatment effects were greater in patientswho had a major unlocking of the unconscious comparedwith thosewho did not. The trial therapy interview appears to be beneficial, and its effects may relate to certain therapeutic processes. Further controlled research is warranted.

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