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  • 1.
    Abdallah, Laila
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Forskningsfinansiering genom regional samverkan: Studier i de nya universitetens och högskolornas ekonomi2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad kan högskolorna göra för att finansiera forskning i framtiden? Är nya universitet och regionala högskolor beroende av regionala medel för att utveckla forskning ochforskarutbildning? I denna rapport undersöks ett urval högskoleenheter: 1) nya universitet, 2) högskolor som tilldelats vetenskapsområde, samt 3) högskolor som etablerats efter 1996. Sammantaget ingår tre universitet och sju högskolor i undersökningen där finansiering av forskning och forskarutbildning granskas på detaljnivå. Med avseende på forskning och forskarutbildning har högskolorna expanderat snabbt sedan fem år tillbaka. Deras externa forskningsmedel är fortsatt viktiga trots att den statliga direktfinansieringen i flera fall har ökat med 150 procent. Endast 40-45 procent är direkta statliga anslag till forskning och forskarutbildning, vilket jämfört med UoH-sektorn i sin helhet utgör en något lägre andel. Resultaten pekar mot att högskolorna i urvalet i många fall är starkt anknutna till sina regioner. Detta antyds av den höga andelen medel från svenska företag samt från kommuner och landsting. Enligt beräkningarna i rapporten bör drygt tio procent av de totala medlen komma från sådana källor år 2001. Innebörden av detta är att drygt en femtedel av de externa FoU-medlen har någon form av lokal eller regional anknytning. Utöver detta kan noteras att medel från de nya forskningsstiftelserna visar sig vara av stor betydelse och dessa samvarierar i stor utsträckning med de lokala och regionala medlen. Vidare indikerar rapporten att det finns ett starkt samband mellan vetenskapsområde och regional anknytning. De högskolor och universitet som arbetar inom tekniskt vetenskapsområde har en stark och betydande anknytning till regionala forskningsbeställare. Sådan inriktning är samtidigt en konkurrensfördel vad gäller KK-stiftelsens medel. I ett tentativt index som prövas i rapportens andra del konstateras att tre högskoleenheter förtjänar att lyftas fram som framgångsrika i sin regionala samverkan: Mälardalens högskola, Malmö högskola och Karlstads universitet. Dessa har höga andelar FoU-medel från såväl den kommunala sektorn som svenska företag. Rapporten inleds med en problematiserande genomgång som visar att forskning för att vara användbar för företag och kommuner behöver arbeta mot excellens. Internationellt sett starka forskare och forskarmiljöer erbjuder goda samarbetsmöjligheter. Detta fordrar långsiktighet och uthållig forskningsfinansiering. Om de öronmärkta resurser som hittills kanaliserats till nya universitet och högskolor i en framtid kommer att bli mer konkurrensutsatta fordras strategier för att fokusera och koncentrera forskningsmedel. KK-stiftelsens satsningar förefaller ha gått i den riktningen. Frågan är om de regionala forskningsbeställarna kan arbeta i samma riktning?

  • 2.
    Abdallah, Laila
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Gender Equality: Informa lInstitutions and Development: What Do We Know and What Can We Do2006In: Gender Equality, Paris: OECD Development centre , 2006, p. 76-82-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Informal institutions — family and kinship structures, traditions, and social norms — not only matter for development, but they are often decisive factors in shaping policy outcomes in environments of weak states and poor governance structures. Based on concrete examples in the areas of gender equality, governance and private sector development, this book advocates a pragmatic way of dealing with informal institutions. Neither the "romantic preservationist" nor the "bulldozing moderniser" approach promises an adequate solution.  Incorporating informal institutions in development strategies — whether by taking advantage of them in their existing state, by seeking to optimise their impact or by providing incentives to change them — will be instrumental in improving development outcomes, including achieving the Millennium Development Goals.

  • 3.
    Abdallah, Laila
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    ICT-Based Learning in Knowledge Intense Micro-Sized Enterprises2003In: 2nd International Conference on Multimedia and Information and Communication Technologies in Education 2003: Advances in Technology-Based Education: Toward a Knowledge-Based Society, Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Multimedia and Information & Communication Technologies in Education / [ed] J. A. Mesa González, Antonio Méndez Vilas (eds.), 2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Abdallah, Laila
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Kvinnor, forskning och karriärhinder2002In: Det nya forskningslandskapet: perspektiv på vetenskap och politik / [ed] Ulf Sandström, Stockholm: Swedish Institute for Studies in Education and Research (Institutet för studier av utbildning och forskning) (SISTER) , 2002, no 775Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Abdallah, Laila
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Kvinnor och grundval för välfärdsbygget2006Report (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Abdallah, Laila
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Process eller Resultat?: Trender inom utvärdering av svensk högskoleutbildning under1990-talet2002Report (Other academic)
  • 7. Abram, Simone
    et al.
    Bianco, B. Feldman
    Khosravi, Shahram
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Salazar, N.
    de Genova, N.
    The free movement of people around the world would be Utopian: IUAES World Congress 20132017In: Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, ISSN 1070-289X, E-ISSN 1547-3384, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 123-155Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article contains the text and discussion of a debate held at the IUAES World Congress in Anthropology at Manchester University in 2013. The motion was proposed by Bela Feldman-Bianco (State University of Campinas), seconded by Noel Salazar (University of Leuven) and was opposed by Shahram Khosravi (Stockholm University), seconded by Nicholas de Genova (then at Goldsmiths' College). The debate was chaired by Simone Abram (Durham University).

  • 8.
    Aguirre Vidal, Gladis
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Om känslor på jobbet: intimitet, omsorg och hushållstjänster i Barcelona2013In: Rena hem på smutsiga villkor? : hushållstjänster, migration och globalisering / [ed] Anna Gavanas & Catharina Calleman, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2013, p. 143-160Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Alm, Björn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    The un/selfish leader: Changing notions in a Tamil Nadu village2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    'The un/selfish' leader explores notions of selfishness, as they were perceived by people in the village of Ekkaraiyur, Tamil Nadu, India, at a time they associated with thorough changes in their lives.

    Discussing locally held notions about agrarian change, seen as causing the erosion of earlier village loyalties and leading to the emergence of a new type of leaders, the study focus on the censure of the alleged corruption of these leaders. Expressed in a rich repertoire of stories about the ideals of leadership and about the excellence of the past and foreign societies, the censure was routinely voiced in public debates and in everyday conversations.

    Set against a background an increasing role of the state for the people in Ekkaraiyur, the censure of leaders implied a critique of the contemporary society they were taken to represent. Moreover, the study argues that the critique was grounded in evaluations of individualism and selfishness in human nature.

    The study is based on fieldwork carried out in Ekkaraiyur between 1988 and 1990

  • 10.
    Alneng, Victor
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Book review of:: Finding meaning in pleasure travel by Julia Harrison, 2003.2005In: Ethnos, ISSN 0014-1844, E-ISSN 1469-588X, Vol. 70, no 2, p. 273-274Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11.
    Alneng, Victor
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Review of: Beyond the Beach: an Ethnography of Modern Travellers in Asia, by Klaus Westerhausen2004In: Pacific affairs, Vol. 77, no 1, p. 99-101Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12.
    Alneng, Victor
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    The modern does not cater for natives: Travel ethnography and the conventions of form2002In: Tourist Studies, ISSN 1468-7976, E-ISSN 1741-3206, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 119-142Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As a response to editors Adrian Franklin and Mike Crang’s outline of ‘the trouble with tourism and travel theory’, this article sketches some further troubles. It is argued that researchers have adopted modernist spatio-temporal distinctions that reproduce a singularity of the Tourist-as-Westerner. Meanwhile non-Westerners are mostly seen as immobile pre-modern participants of Western tourism. As non-Western tourism involves considerably more people than Western tourism, tourism theories on the whole do not necessarily fit most tourists of the world today, and they may even serve to re-enforce the global geopolitical hierarchy. Illustrated with ethnographic examples from Vietnam, it is suggested that a radical questioning of autocentric spatio-temporal distinctions is needed to arrive at a more heterogeneous and complex view of both modernity and tourism. While this will open up the field of inquiry, a sensitivity to socio-cultural diversities and, more importantly, global inequalities and the situated knowledge production is needed.

  • 13.
    Alneng, Victor
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    The Right Price: Local Bargains for Global Players2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Alneng, Victor
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    What the Fuck is a Vietnam?: Touristic Phantasms and the Popcolonization of (the)Vietnam (War)2002In: Critique of anthropology, ISSN 0308-275X, E-ISSN 1460-3721, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 461--489Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the introduction of the reform project doi moi in 1986, Vietnam turned to tourism as a major new economic resource. Demands from international visitors have entailed a commodification of the Vietnam War. This article approaches tourism as an ideologically saturated nexus where identities and worldviews are continuously being represented, consumed, reconfirmed, negotiated and modified. Practices and narrations of Western backpackers, who travel to Vietnam spurred by phantasms of Vietnam as a war, are related to discourses of Vietnam in tourism literature, popular media, academia, journalism and politics, and traced to a `popcolonial' fantasy of Western superiority. At the core are the hegemonic implications the `been there, done that' cliché carries when war and tourism go hand in hand. It is argued that the dichotomies of here/there and war/peace need to be dislodged in order to understand the ideologies of both tourism and war.

  • 15.
    Alneng, Victor
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Zen and the art of tourism maintenance: a meditation on so-called prototourism in Vietnam2009In: Domestic tourism in Asia: diversity and divergence / [ed] Shalini Singh, London: Earthscan , 2009, p. 31-49Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 16.
    Ambjörnsson, Fanny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    I en klass för sig: Genus, klass och sexualitet bland gymnasietjejer2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Samhällsvetenskaplig forskning har på senare år börjat uppmärksamma unga kvinnor, som tidigare fört en undanskymd tillvaro i skuggan av de unga männen. Syftet med denna avhandling är att, delvis i linje med denna forskning, undersöka hur tjejer i en svensk gymnasieskola skapar genus. Fokus ligger på hur genusskapande alltid sker i samverkan med andra strukturerande principer, såsom klass, sexualitet och etnicitet. Den empiriska utgångspunkten är ett trettiotal tjejer mellan 16 och 18 år på två skilda gymnasieprogram, Samhällsveteskapsprogrammet och Barn- och Fritidsprogrammet. Genom att undersöka hur dessa tjejer förhåller sig till föreställningar om hur man ska vara som tjej, illustreras hur den normativa femininiteten – såväl som deras sätt att hantera denna - måste förstås mot bakgrund av tjejernas skilda klasstillhörigheter. Likaså visar empirin hur det feminina idealet är otvetydigt heterosexuellt. Som en röd tråd genom avhandlingen löper därför en problematisering av de idéer, påbud och sanktioner som säger att det är heterosexuell man ska vara som tjej, inget annat. Genom att kartlägga olika beståndsdelar i den heteronormativa genusordningen, synliggörs hur heteronormativiteten premierar vissa relationer framför andra; hur man som tjej förväntas vara både heterosexuell och homosocial enligt vissa specifika mönster. Omvänt kommer homosociala och heterosexuella relationsmönster att generera två genusmässiga motpoler, killar och tjejer. I avhandlingen undersöks även hur den enskilda kroppen fungerar både som symbol och redskap i skapandet av det heterosexuella kvinnoidealet; hur imperativet att göra kroppen ”naturligt kvinnlig” tycks centralt för tjejernas uppfattning om sig själva och varandra som normala. Föreställningar om normalitet och den normala tjejen är också det raster genom vilket processerna av genusskapande iscensätts. Denna normalitet formuleras till stora delar genom olika utpekade motpoler, det tänkt onormala och stereotypa. Genom att bestämma vissa positioner som mer stereotypa än andra, kommer tjejerna att presentera sig själva som fria och självständiga individer. Med utgångspunkt i tre av de positioner som återkommande skapas som just avvikande och icke-önskvärda – horan, den lesbiska och invandraren – åskådliggörs hur den normativa femininitet tjejerna förhåller sig till, iscensätter och i vissa fall utmanar är en heterosexuell, vit och medelklassbaserad sådan. Vidare diskuteras hur imperativet att vara en fri och obegränsad individ - något som genomsyrar såväl skolvärlden som det övriga samhället – enklast tycks uppnås genom ett förkroppsligande av normen. Därigenom synliggörs hur den förment neutrala uppmaningen att ”vara sig själv” blir mer möjlig för vissa än för andra.

  • 17.
    Andersson, Ruben
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology. London School Economics & Political Science Univeristy London.
    Hunter and prey: Patrolling Clandestine Migration in the Euro-African Borderlands2014In: Anthropological Quarterly, ISSN 0003-5491, E-ISSN 1534-1518, Vol. 87, no 1, p. 119-149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the past decade, the European Union and its member states have invested heavily in a far-reaching, diffuse, and technologized border regime targeting the elusive figure of the clandestine or illegal African migrant. Taking the mismatch between these large investments and the statistically small number of overland irregular migrants as its starting point, this article explores the embodied effects of illegality engendered in the policing of the Euro-African borderlands. Based on fieldwork with West African police forces, aid organizations, and migrants, it focuses on the migration circuit between the Sahel and Spain, where a joint European response to irregular flows was first tried and tested under the umbrella of the EU border agency Frontex. By highlighting the means of detection used to apprehend illegal migrants - from bodily signs to presumed intentions to migrate - the article looks at how an increasingly reified and embodied modality of migrant illegality is produced on the circuit between West Africa and Europe's southern shores. This production of illegality crucially depends on the incentives offered to African forces for participating in European controls. Tensions among African officers over the unequal gains from such incentives and ambivalence over the rationale for controls, I argue, make the transnational policing of clandestine migration a fraught site of state investment and concern.

  • 18.
    Araujo, Sandra Gil
    et al.
    Instituto de Investigaciones Gino Germani, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Buenos Aires.
    González, Tania
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Migraciones, género y trabajo en España: El tránsito obligado de las trabajadoras inmigrantes por el empleo de hogar2012In: Mora, ISSN 1853-001X, Vol. 18, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Several researches have shown the importance of domestic work as a main sector of inclusion for migrant women in Spain, mainly during first years of immigration, regardless of their educational level. This concentration, far from responding to labor trajectories of these workers, is the result of the articulation of several variables within the reception context (immigration policies, employment policies, gender relations, labor market characteristics, ideas on domestic work, etc.) and the ways in which migrant families organize productive and reproductive work. In this case, this paper aims to analyze the variables which have influenced the feminization process of migration towards Spain and its connection with the importance of domestic work as the main sector of labor insertion for non-EU migrant women. Afterwards, we summarize some statistical data, and moreover therefore we present the results of an exploratory fieldwork with domestic workers in an irregular situation in Madrid, paying attention to working conditions, relations with employers, gender relations, migration projects, family life and ideas on care work in origin and destination.

  • 19. Atkinson, Ronald R.
    et al.
    Finnström, Sverker
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Exclusive two-part analysis of the Juba peace process for the Uganda Conflict Action Network (a project of Resolve Uganda)2008Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    January 22 & 23:

    In the first of a two-part series on the Juba peace talks, world-renowned scholars, Ron Atkinson and Sverker Finnstrom provide an exclusive look at the process in its earliest stages in late 2005 to February 2007. In Part II, they examine recent developments, new threats to the process and the likely future of the peace talks.

  • 20.
    Ayalew, Tekalign
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    The emerging risks and developmental challenges to children and youth in Ethiopia: the case of Arba Minch town2012In: Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities, ISSN 1810-4487, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 47-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about the developmental challenges and adversities to children and the youth in Arba Minch which is one of the emerging towns of Ethiopia. Primary data for the study was collected through case stories, in-depth interview with key informants from families, experts in concerned organizations, FGD and observation methods. The purpose of the research was to explore how the emerging risk situations in the family, community and school environments are threatening the socio-economic and intellectual developments of children and the youth in the town. It is identified that there are adverse situations for thousands of children and the youth in the family, school and community environments. Risk factors in the community include high rate of substance abuse, crime and violence, unemployment, idleness and absence of children and youth recreational centers. The presence of shops that show pornographic and action video, drug centers around schools, shortage of educational inputs or teaching-learning facilities, absence of variety of learning styles, students’ misbehaviors, and low academic achievements have made schools ineffective. The family environment is also not comfortable for positive child development due to the prevalence of child abuse, child neglect, poverty and family disorganization.

  • 21.
    Backman, Aina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Courtroom atmospheres: Affective dynamics in court sessions of criminal matter in Vienna2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines the composition of affective atmospheres, emerging in court sessions of criminal matter in Vienna. The notion of atmosphere is used to explore collective affective qualities, emerging through the interplay between affective bodies and their environment. The focus provides as analytical frame for bringing forward the workings of affect in legal procedures. From a starting point in theories of affect and atmosphere, I cast light at how the affectively charged space is both monitored and beyond control. First, I trace affect through the lens of spatial arrangements of courtrooms. I show how the architectural and interior arrangements and aesthetics of courtrooms are expedient in creating resonance between the bodies and control over the situations, while being visual and material representations of law. Second, I trace affect in the relation between the bodies that produce atmosphere and regard for the bodily capacity to affect and be affected. I consider principles of criminal procedure structuring and disciplining affective bodies in courtrooms and the juridical labour entailing work on emotions. Third, I trace affect in the dynamics and changes of affective atmosphere by showing how atmospheric changes come about and are contested through intensification and ruptures in atmosphere. I discuss the compositions of affective atmosphere in relation to discipline and control converging with bodies entering the legal setting. The ethnographic material is collected through participant observation in one hundred court sessions, as well as through interviews with people involved. 

  • 22.
    Bahous, Rima
    et al.
    Lebanese American University, Lebanon.
    Nabhani, Mona
    Lebanese American University, Lebanon.
    Rabo, Annika
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Parochial education in a global world? Teaching history and civics in Lebanon2013In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, Vol. 1, p. 57-79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This exploratory article is based on a researchproject which runs 2011-2013 that examines how global processes are expressedin educational policies and pedagogical texts in Lebanon, Sweden and Turkey byfocusing on school subjects like civics, history, geography, and religion. In thistext we discuss the development ofeducation in Lebanon, the development of history and civics after the civilwar, and on opinions about these school subjects in order to make a preliminaryanalysis of how the future Lebanese citizen is depicted in policies,curricula, and textbooks. Lebanon is interesting because of its uniqueeducation system in which foreign international institutions rather thannational ones have the task of preparing individuals for a globalized world.Material for the study were collected from a sample of curricula used inprivate and public or national schools for history and civics/citizenshipeducation in grade 8 as well as interviews and conference proceedings andconversations with activists, teachers and principals. We also reviewedfindings of relevant empirical studies conducted in Lebanon. Our datacollection was guided by three questions: how is the right citizen depicted inthe Lebanese material? How is the relationship between national and globalperspectives treated in guidance documents and pedagogical texts? What civicrights and obligations are given attention and what individuals are included/excluded? Our preliminary findings imply that there is no consensus on theimportance of teaching a unified history and civics book and subjects inLebanon. Other findings indicate that private and international schools have agreater impact than national schools on preparing Lebanese students as futurecitizens.

  • 23.
    Barker, Joshua
    et al.
    University of Toronto.
    Harms, EricYale University.Lindquist, JohanStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Figures of Southeast Asian Modernity2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The idea of capturing recent transformations of Southeast Asia through vignettes about familiar yet idiosyncratic individuals is brilliant. The everyday experiences and aspirations of people trying to make sense of their lives and dreams convey a complex and often surprising view of contemporary cross-currents, upheavals, anxieties, and struggles in a volatile region. This volume offers a great way for students to understand and empathize with ordinary people and nations in rapid motion.

  • 24. Barker, Joshua
    et al.
    Harms, Erik
    Lindquist, Johan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Introduction to Special Issue: Figures of Urban Transformation2013In: City & Society, ISSN 0893-0465, E-ISSN 1548-744X, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 159-172Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Bartholdson, Örjan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    From Slaves to Princes: The role of NGOs in the construction of race and ethnicity in Salvador, Brazil2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Global forms and changes affect all spheres of human life-worlds; not least how we interpret and create systems of meaning in our respective habitats. A merging of global and local reflections and actions often causes ideological transformations and discursive shifts. Issues of race and the plight of the Afro-Brazilian population, for example, have come to the forefront of public debate in Brazil during the last decade. One of the main architects behind this discursive shift is the Afro-Brazilian movement, which by and large is comprised of numerous so-called NGOs. The Afro-Brazilian movement writ large, is greatly affected by the transnational flow of financial resources, information and people emanating from Western donors and the transnational Afro-Diaspora network. Ideologies of race and ethnicity are re-contextualized, replacing the previous focus on class in Brazil, and thus creating new frameworks of interpretation at national and local levels. This dissertation is focused on three NGOs in the city of Salvador, each situated on a different socio-economic level within the Afro-Brazilian movement. It is argued that the articulation of Afro-Brazilian identity and authenticity is very much in the ascendant, spurred by the dynamic interaction among organizations within the Afro-Brazilian movement on the one hand and by the relationships these movement organizations develop with external actors - state agencies, donors and foreign activists - on the other. Of particular interest is how each of the organizations is affected by and reacts to questions related to class, gender, location, donors’ expectations, leaders’ ambitions and interventions by foreign activists.

  • 26.
    Bartholdsson, Åsa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Med facit i hand: Normalitet, elevskap och vänlig maktutövning i två svenska skolor2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about the socialisation of schoolchildren and how normality is learned and managed in two Swedish school classes. The Swedish school is, according to the "Curriculum for the compulsory school system, the pre-school class and the leisure-time centre", the Lpo94, based on democratic values and respect for the individual. In accordance with these values socialisation of the pupil is, as the thesis argues, accomplished through “benevolent government” by the teachers. To enable this governmentality, the pupil needs to learn how to be him or her “self” according to norms about how the “self” is to be expressed. The pupil also needs to learn how to balance multiple relations in school and the different aspects that constitutes the social person. Benevolent government is here used as a description of a certain kind of teacher-hood dependent on a certain kind of pupil. The pupil-subject that is constructed is a subordinated, self inspecting, positive, empathic person who will approve of being governed by the teachers through the governing of them selves.

    The study is based on fieldwork with one pre-school class and one fifth grade class in the Swedish compulsory school during the period from August 1999 to June 2002.

  • 27.
    Basegmez, Virva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Irish Scene and Sound: Identity, Authenticity and Transnationality among Young Musicians2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Ireland has long been famous for its rich traditional music. Yet the recent global success of Irish pop, rock and traditional music has transformed the Irish music scene into a world centre attracting musicians, tourists, fans and the music industry from both Ireland and abroad. This ethnographic study of young musicians in Dublin and Galway in the late 1990s analyses the Irish music scene in terms of identity, authenticity and transnationality contextualised in contemporary Ireland.

    The study explores the making of Dublin and Galway into central places in the Irish music scene. It identifies musical links between the cities, and how for the young musicians, Dublin has become a 'springboard' and Galway a 'playground'. These cities provide the local arenas where young folk and popular musicians negotiate individual and collective lifestyles, identities and musical genres. By developing the concept of 'musical pathways', the study shows how these mobile musicians constantly interact with different musical sounds and scenes.

    The idea that Irishness has to emanate from traditional music is challenged by a diversity of musical genres and pathways of the musicians. Some musicians embrace a certain construction of Irishness while others reject it, but they are all involved in this process in one way or another. Contrary to older generations of traditional musicians, a global awareness is more important among the young musicians than a 'restricted' view of Irishness. As the young musicians are interested in multiple musical ideas and influences, they are often reluctant about a 'narrow nationalism'. They make use of the fact that the musics of the contemporary world are very much interconnected.

    This study discusses transnational processes of the Irish music scene in the late 1990s primarily on local and national levels in Ireland. This reveals how globalisation has contributed to the popularity of Irish music, yet without controlling its pathways completely. In Ireland the past is still in the present.

  • 28.
    Becker, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Journalism, Media and Communication (JMK).
    Wulff, Helena
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Visuella kulturstudier2007In: Kulturstudier i Sverige, Studentlitteratur, Stockholm , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Beyond social ties: The impact of social capital on labour market outcomes for young Swedish people2016In: Journal of Sociology, ISSN 1440-7833, E-ISSN 1741-2978, Vol. 52, no 4, p. 711-724Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study makes use of a dataset which contains material relating to young Swedish people who have recently completed their studies and started working. It explores whether using social networks as such or using individuals' resources which are accessible through social networks (social capital) provides relative advantages in the competition for better jobs. Interest in this topic stems from the recent development of sociological theories in this field. The results indicate that the use of social ties is a common way to find a job in the highly regulated Swedish labour market, but that informal recruitment methods per se provide no relative advantages in the competition for better jobs. On the other hand, given the same demographic characteristics, socioeconomic background and educational attainments, there is a positive association between resources embedded in an individual's social network (social capital) and the quality of the jobs obtained.

  • 30.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Incorporation of children of immigrants: the case of descendants of immigrants from Turkey in Sweden2013In: Ethnic and Racial Studies, ISSN 0141-9870, E-ISSN 1466-4356, Vol. 36, no 12, p. 2141-2159Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigatehh ow children of immigrants fromTurkey are integrated into Swedish society. The educational achievements and labour market outcomes of this group are compared with the performance  of the offspring of native.born parents. The aim of the study is to explore whether we can observe a tendency towards 'downwards mobility' among young people of immigrant background in Sweden and thereby provide reflections on the existing fomulationof the 'segmented assimilation' theory.Findings show that descendants of immigrants seem not to be in the process of downward assimilation, that is social exclusion and therefore formation of a distinct' underclassin Sweden. The concept of 'subordinate inclusion' is a more appropriate description of the experiences of children of immigrants.

  • 31.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Social Capital and Stratification of Young People2013In: Journal of Social Inclusion, ISSN 1836-8808, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 46-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the impact of social capital on the status attainment process of young people at the start of their careers and examines how social class, gender and ethnicity affect the accumulation of social capital and thereby labour market stratification of young people. A sample of young Swedes graduating from vocational schools and universities between 2005 and 2006, was surveyed via the telephone about their experiences acquiring jobs. Two re­search questions are posed: (i) Which characteristics (class, gender and ethnicity) affect young people's access to more social capital? (ii) How is social capital rewarded in the labour market? The results show that being female, coming from the lower social classes and being a member of a stigmatized immigrant groupare associated with a substantial social capital deficit. When socioeconomic and demographic backgrounds as well as the human capital of respondents are controlled, social capital is positively associated with salary level. The results indicate that social capital is a significant factor in the stratification process of young people.

  • 32.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology. Linköping University.
    The ethnic penalty: immigration, education and the labour market2013In: Ethnic and Racial Studies, ISSN 0141-9870, E-ISSN 1466-4356, Vol. 36, no 5, p. 915-916Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Boréus, Kristina
    Neergaard, Anders
    Yazdanpanah, Soheyla
    Speaking up, leaving or keeping silent: racialized employees in the Swedish elderly care sector2017In: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, E-ISSN 1469-8722, Vol. 31, no 6, p. 954-971Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When encountering problems and dissatisfaction in the workplace, employees may choose between three strategies: voice; exit; or silence. Using survey data and interview material from a study of employees in an elderly care organization in Sweden, this article investigates the workers' perceptions of the eligibility and prospects of these strategies and which individual characteristics and situational factors might affect them. The focus is on racialized workers (operationalized through their region of birth) who, according to earlier studies, are less likely than other employees to choose voice behaviour. Contrary to some earlier studies, the results here attribute such a propensity to the importance of power differences across racial hierarchies' rather than to differences in cultural values. Individuals in this (racialized) category have a lower occupational status, earn less and experience less favourable relationships with their managers.

  • 34.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Rasism: särskiljandets och rangordningens praktik2013In: Migrationens och etnicitetens epok: kritiska perspektiv i etnicitets- och migrationsstudier / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt, Anders Neergarard, Stockholm: Liber, 2013, 1, p. 168-198Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology. Linköping University, Sweden.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Social capital and the educational achievement of young people in Sweden2016In: British Journal of Sociology of Education, ISSN 0142-5692, E-ISSN 1465-3346, Vol. 37, no 7, p. 947-969Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on Bourdieu's conceptualization of social capital (the social stratification perspective), this study examines the impact of social capital on the educational outcomes of young people in Sweden, with a focus on the extra-familial aspect of social capital - that is, social capital generated by parental networks and active membership in various social organizations and friendship networks. The results indicate that the class background of respondents is the main predictor of access to all three forms of extra-familial social capital. However, after controlling for class background, the children of racialized immigrant groups are more likely to have access to more types of social capital than others. All three aspects of extra-familial social capital positively influence the educational performance of pupils.

  • 36.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Olsson, Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    The Performance of Early Age Migrants in Education and the Labour Market: a Comparison of Bosnia Herzegovinians, Chileans and Somalis in Sweden2014In: Journal of ethnic and migration studies, ISSN 1369-183X, E-ISSN 1469-9451, Vol. 40, no 5, p. 778-795Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how early age immigrants to Sweden from Bosnia-Herzegovina, Chile and Somalia perform in education and the labour market in comparison with the children of natives. As the results demonstrate, the socio-economic position of the parents, family structure and other demographic characteristics of individuals only partially explain the differences between the descendants of natives and young immigrants from these countries. A further analysis demonstrates that the socio-historical contexts into which these immigrant children arrive and settle, that is the processes of migration, are equally likely to have an impact on young immigrants' performance.

  • 37.
    Behtouti, Alireza
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Invandrare på den svenska arbetsmarknaden: en delrapport från LOprojektet ökad sysselsättn1999Report (Refereed)
  • 38. Bergström, Ola
    et al.
    Garsten, Christina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Det nya arbetets tid och rum2007In: Organisation: Teorier om ordning och oordning, Liber, Malmö , 2007, p. 45-64Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Birkeland, Jacob
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Antropologens roll på slagfältet: En studie av den etiska debatten angående Human Terrain System2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien syftar till ett belysa och problematisera kring antropologins närmande av det militära sammanhanget. 2007 utformade USA:s armé en plattform som skulle koordinera och hantera civil kompetens inom områdena antropologi och statsvetenskap. Ämnen som på olika sätt analyserar den ”mänskliga terrängen”. Konceptet ”Human Terrain System” lanserades där akademiker från samhällsvetenskaperna fick söka sig till den militära kontexten för att hjälpa militära beslutsfattare att förstå kulturen, de socioekonomiska förhållandena och religionens roll mm.

    Hur förhåller sig antropologer till Human Terrain System? Vilka perspektiv finns på antropologin som en del i en militär kontext? Genom att svara på dessa frågeställningar belyses olika resonemang på den tillämpbara antropologin i en militär kontext utifrån den rådande etiska debatten som återfinns inom disciplinen.

    Implementerandet av antropologiska kunskaper i en den militära kontexten har föranlett till en debatt inom den antropologiska disciplinen. En debatt som lyfter etiska betänkligheter och problematiserar kring vilket antropologins uppdrag är, kan vara och bör vara. Studien granskar det traditionella förhållandet till villkor inom disciplinen, detta illustrerat genom den etiska debatten kring projektet Human Terrin System.

    Studien slår fast att oavsett hur den enskilde antropologen väljer att förhålla sig till ämnets närmande av det militära så är kontraktet mellan forskare och informant lika centralt som det mellan forskare och uppdragsgivare.

  • 40.
    Birnudóttir Sigurðardóttir, Júlía
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Practicing creativity: Landscape architects make future Stockholm2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Green urban spaces are a vigorous part in cities development, all over the world (Swanwick, Dunnet, & Wooley, 2003). These spaces are persistently constructed and negotiated over a creative process, which includes a network of actors, such as clients, designers, constructors, and users. This thesis addresses this process - with a case study of landscape architects in Stockholm, and their practice of creativity. The landscape architects present one group of actors involved in the process, where they design urban spaces for the future through their creative work. It begins with a mental image, an idea, and ends with a built site, a designed space.

    In reference to practice theory (Ortner, 1984 and 2006) and the biosocial becomings approach (Ingold, 2013), I analyze how creativity as a practice is socially produced by history, culture and power, through the biosocial growth of the creative agent, the landscape architect. Referring to Hallam and Ingold ́s definition (2007, p. 3), I understand creative practice as an improvisational process. I argue that creativity is accumulated, i.e. a becoming practice amongst becoming creative agents. While investigating the practice of creativity through a traditional participant observation, I primarily focus on sounds, where I listen to the practice, and use it as a method of collecting empirical data. With that method, I enrich the registration of sensor impressions (Borneman & Hammoudi, 2009, p. 19) during my fieldwork, providing a sonic dimension to the knowledge of creative practice amongst landscape architects. 

  • 41.
    Bjerén, Gunilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Towards Documenting Demographic Change in Shashemene Town: Research Note on Data drawn from 1973 and 20082012In: Journal of Ethiopian Studies, ISSN 0304-2243, Vol. 45, no December, p. 132-152Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research note reports some of the findings from the comparison of  the demographic structure of Shashemene in 1973 (AD) and 2008. The focus of the 1973 study was urban migration. One major finding of the study was that migration patterns could not be understood unless one brought into the analysis the interrelated elements of historical development, social structure (including gender relations, ethnicity and class), and livelihood structure and opportunities.

    The structured character of the material collected in 1973 made it a possible starting point for a study of change. The aim of the new project was to study the social, economic and demographic changes of Shashemene, and the meaning of these changes to the inhabitants of the town. Particular attention was to be given to the main foci of the 1973 study: livelihoods, gender relations, ethnicity and mobility.

  • 42.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Black work: Justifying purchases of services illegal in contemporary Sweden2009In: Economic Sociology: the European Electronic Newsletter, ISSN 1871-3351, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 39-40Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Illegal yet Licit: Justifying Informal Purchases of Work in Contemporary Sweden2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Svart arbete, informal purchases of work, is a widely debated societal phenomenon in Sweden. It is often seen as detrimental to contemporary welfare society, eroding taxpaying morals, fair competition and solidarity with fellow citizens. Acknowledged as wrong, it is in many instances also an acceptable and commonplace exchange practice. This study addresses this incongruity and aims to show how these inconspicuous exchanges of work are distinguished in terms of legality and licitness.

    Methodologically, the study is based on ethnographic interviews with a group of people in all walks of life, who have their roots in a small town in southern Sweden. In the midst of life and work, they address situations where living in accordance with moral standards becomes difficult. The study aims to illuminate multifaceted reasonings about the illegal but licit purchases made and how people make sense and meaning of them in retrospect and in the larger context of societal economy. The ways in which these purchases of svart arbete are justified illustrate inherent tensions in contemporary welfare society.

    Purchases of svart arbete are often justified as rational economic decisions in terms of being cheap and simple. The study shows that purchasing work informally is not only a rational economic decision, but can also be the result of resolving necessities in daily life due to societal bottlenecks and/or probing tax legislation. As an economic phenomenon, these purchases are therefore not seen as set apart from the formal structures of the Swedish economy, but as co-existing with them. Justifying the illegal but licit svart arbete, purchasers are seen to emphasise a reciprocal relationship with the provider of the work and also with the state. In this way, a sense of balance and justice is achieved.

  • 44.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Om städning. Hur svart blir vitt: Hur svart blir vitt2005In: Fiffelsverige: Sociologiska perspektiv på skandaler och fusk / [ed] Glenn Sjöstrand, Malmö: Liber , 2005, 1, p. 48-65Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Gråzonen mellan skattepliktiga och skattefria inkomster beskrivs ofta som ett gränsland (t.ex. RRV 1997:27) där ideer om lagar, regler och moral tänjs. För att förstå innebörden av vad en gräns omsluter, måste man förstå de processer som upprätthåller gränserna (Barth 1994:119). Denna artikel bygger ett fall från 2003 där sex kvinnor i Göteborgs södra förorter åtalades för att ha betalat en litauisk kvinna för att ha städat hemma hos dem. För att komma närmare en förståelse för vad som påverkar acceptansen av att köpa städning svart, utforskas i denna artikel hur gränslandetreproduceras. Detta gränsland befinner sig mellan det som strukturen, i detta fall offentliga svenska myndigheter, definierar som svart arbete och hur dessa lagar och regler i praxis används samt å andra sidan den svarta städningens köpares handlingar och argument

  • 45.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Robin Hood och rättvisan: Om småfiffel i det moderna samhället2003In: Moderna människor: Antropologiska perspektiv på samtiden / [ed] Christina Garsten & Kerstin Sundman, Malmö: Liber , 2003, p. 19-38Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta kapitel handlar om ekonomiskt småfiffel – varför människor anser sig kunna småfiffla och hur de rättfärdigar dessa handlingar. Ekonomiskt småfiffel avser att för egen vinning spara pengar här och nu på ett sätt som samhället, i form av myndigheter, media och medmänniskor, egentligen inte godtar, men som av den fifflande människan anses moraliskt försvarbart. Småfiffel är att ”låna” och ta från arbetsgivare och andra institutioner för privat bruk. Det rör sig om att ta med sig kontorsmaterial och annat förbrukningsmaterial hem, att ta arbetstid i anspråk för privata ändamål eller att använda företagsbilen för eget bruk. Det kan gälla svartarbete, skattefusk, så kallade lägenhetsbyten, överdrivna skadeanmälningar till försäkringsbolag eller att bokföra fritidsbåtar och möbler till hemmet som arbetsutrustning.

     

  • 46.
    Björklund Larsen, Lotta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Svart arbete, vitt arbete eller hur lite skit i hörnen blev ett rent helvete2006In: Tidskriftet antropologi, ISSN 0906-3021, Vol. 52, p. 39-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna artikel handlar om ett fall av så kallad svart städning där de inblandade, både städerskan och köparna, åkte fast. Studien baseras på dessa köpares argumenterande och handlingar och hur de påvisar en ekonomisk rationalitet, både i förhållande till deras syn på arbete men även till de legala och etiska restriktioner och möjligheter som omvärlden bjuder dem. Frågor som adresseras är hur köparna ser på vit respektive svart städning och varför just städning i hemmet är kontroversiellt som köpt arbete? Varför tillåter de sig att köpa städning svart och hur rättfärdigar de ett medvetet lagöverträdande? Hur skapar och reproducerar de en för dem acceptabel gråzon på fel sida av lagen? Slutligen, var tar gråzonen slut - under vilka förhållande är det fel att köpa svart städning? Hur definierar de gränsen mot det oacceptabla, felaktiga och kriminella?

  • 47.
    Bohman, Kristina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Women of the barrio: class and gender in a Colombian city1984Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Borgström, Bengt-Erik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Cherished moments: engaging with the past in a Swedish parish1997Book (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Cidrelius, Daniel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Homo adopticus - Policydiskurs, visuell verklighet och utilitarism2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här uppsatsen argumenterar jag för att den internationella adoptionsinstitutionen kan studeras som en del av ett kulturellt system av prestationer och motprestationer vilka följer reciprocitetsprincipen och uttrycker maktrelationer och exploaterande praktiker. I första hand är detta en uppsats som syftar till att utjämna relationen Vi-Dom. I andra hand en inbjudan till diskussion; inte EN punkt för diskussionen...

    Please email Cidah789@hotmail.com for the English version.

  • 50.
    Cidrelius, Daniel
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Anthropology.
    Internationell adoption: Hur konstrueras en diskurs?2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna essä behandlas ämnet internationell adoption. Jag gör en hermeneutisk och holistisk undersökning av det internationella adoptionsfenomenet genom att ställa en dominerande diskurs i relation till en motdiskurs. På grund av ämnets omfattning kommer jag att ha Sverige som utgångspunkt för diskussionen. Det land varifrån den internationella adoptionen sker är i denna undersökning Sri Lanka.

    Med frågeställningen "Hur konstrueras en diskurs?" undersöks de aspekter den internationella adoptionsverksamheten är sammansatt av.

    Jag vill påvisa den internationella adoptionsverksamhetens hegemoniska/diskursiva status och belysa den vetenskapliga och rationella praxis den är i besittning av. Den internationella adoptionsdiskursen är en konstruktion som skapar en föreställning att Sri Lankas mödrar utlandsadopterar sina barn pga fattigdom. Rådande forskning om internationell adoption är mycket ensidig. Jag har därför försökt att ge en så kontextualiserad bild som möjligt.

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