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  • 1.
    Ahlgren, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    On the origin of the mountain hare on the island of Gotland: By means of ancient DNA analysis2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The island of Gotland houses a number of terrestrial mammalian species even though it was covered with ice during the last glacial period. The purpose of this study is to genetically analyse the mountain hare (Lepus timidus) to deduce its origin and genetic structure during different time periods, and also to discuss how it reached the island. A 130 base pair sequence of mitochondrial DNA from 38 prehistoric hares was analysed and compared to modern hares from different locations in Europe. The result shows a discrepancy among the samples creating two populations with different origin.

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  • 2.
    Ahlgren, Hans
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Prehistoric human impact on wild mammalian populations in Scandinavia2021Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims to study the interactions of pre-agricultural societies in Scandinavia with wild mammals, for example in terms of hunting and translocation. More specifically, the aim is to investigate the possibility of identifying examples of overexploitation, targeted hunting or translocation of wild mammals in prehistoric Scandinavia, and to discuss the implications this could have had for both the wild animals and the humans. The thesis also studies translocation to evaluate the feasibility of using it as a proxy for prehistoric human mobility, and to understand the motivation for this action. 

    Although the focus is on the animals in this thesis, the ultimate purpose is to study humans and their interactions with animals in prehistory. The thesis applies genetic analyses to zooarchaeological material of various mammalian species from different Scandinavian sites, in order to study whether the genetic structures have changed in these species over time, and to assess whether these changes were induced by different human actions. The species studied in this thesis were selected on the basis of the importance they are considered to have had for prehistoric people.

    The dissertation comprises five studies. The first study investigates the occurrence of mountain hares on the island of Gotland, and discusses how they got there and where they came from. The second study explores the temporal genetic structure of the grey seal in the Baltic Sea, and discusses whether humans and/or climate were the drivers for the sudden disappearance of grey seals from the island of Stora Karlsö. The third study concerns a shift where moose apparently became less important as prey in northern Sweden at the end of the Neolithic period, and discusses whether humans targeted female moose in hunting. The fourth study analyses and discusses the history of the harp seal in the Baltic Sea. The fifth study is a methodological paper which involves identifying seals according to sex, using the dog genome.

    The overall result of the different case studies shows that there were major population fluctuations over time in all the species studied, and that in some cases, humans are likely to have contributed to this, e.g. through overhunting and translocation. The study also shows that the population fluctuations often occurred in connection with certain climatic events, though it was not possible to separate climatic effects from human impact in terms of the cause.

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    Prehistoric human impact on wild mammalian populations in Scandinavia
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  • 3.
    Ahlgren, Hans
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    Bro-Jørgensen, Maiken Hemme
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory. University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Glykou, Aikaterini
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    Schmölcke, Ulrich
    Angerbjorn, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology.
    Olsen, Morten Tange
    Lidén, Kerstin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    The Baltic grey seal: A 9000-year history of presence and absence2022In: The Holocene, ISSN 0959-6836, E-ISSN 1477-0911, Vol. 32, no 6, p. 569-577Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) has been part of the Baltic Sea fauna for more than 9000 years and has ever since been subjected to extensive human hunting, particularly during the early phases of its presence in the Baltic Sea, but also in the early 20th century. In order to study their temporal genetic structure and to investigate whether there has been a genetically continuous grey seal population in the Baltic, we generated mitochondrial control region data from skeletal remains from ancient grey seals from the archaeological sites Stora Förvar (Sweden) and Neustadt (Germany) and compared these with modern grey seal data. We found that the majority of the Mesolithic grey seals represent haplotypes that is not found in contemporary grey seals, indicating that the Baltic Sea population went extinct, likely due to human overexploitation and environmental change. We hypothesize that grey seals recolonised the Baltic Sea from the North Sea. during the Bronze Age or Iron Age, and that the contemporary Baltic grey seal population is direct descendants of this recolonisation. Our study highlights the power of biomolecular archaeology to understand the factors that shape contemporary marine diversity. 

  • 4.
    Ahlgren, Hans
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Bro-Jørgensen, Maiken Hemme
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Larsson, Thomas B.
    Storå, Jan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Angerbjörn, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology.
    Lidén, Kerstin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    The decline of a Stone Age moose population in northern SwedenManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Ahlgren, Hans
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Norén, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology.
    Angerbjörn, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology.
    Lidén, Kerstin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Multiple prehistoric introductions of the mountain hare (Lepus timidus) on a remote island, as revealed by ancient DNA2016In: Journal of Biogeography, ISSN 0305-0270, E-ISSN 1365-2699, Vol. 43, no 9, p. 1786-1796Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The majority of the non-volant mammals now present on the island of Gotland, Sweden, have been introduced in modern times. One exception is the mountain hare (Lepus timidus), which was present on the island more than 9000 years ago. This paper investigates the origins of the Gotland hares and temporal changes in their genetic structure, and considers how they may have reached the island.

    Location: The island of Gotland, Sweden (57°30′ N, 18°20′ E).

    Methods: Two fragments of the mitochondrial D-loop 130 + 164 base pairs in length from skeletal remains from 40 ancient mountain hares from Gotland, 38 from the Swedish mainland and five from Lithuania were analysed and compared with 90 modern L. timidus haplotypes from different locations in Eurasia and five haplotypes of the Don-hare (Lepus tanaiticus) morphotype.

    Results: The Mesolithic hares from Gotland (7304 bc–5989 bc) cluster with modern hares from Russia, Scotland, the Alps and Fennoscandia whereas the Gotland hares from the Neolithic and onwards (2848 bc–1641 ad) cluster with Neolithic hares from the Swedish mainland and modern hares from Fennoscandia. The Neolithic haplotypes from Lithuania and the Don-hare haplotypes were dispersed within the network. The level of differentiation (FST) between the Mesolithic and Neolithic hares on Gotland was twice as great as that observed on the mainland.

    Main conclusions: The ancient hares on Gotland fall into two haplogroups separated in time, indicating that the mountain hare became extinct at one point, with subsequent re-colonization events. In view of the isolated location of Gotland, it is probable that the hares were brought there by human means of transport.

  • 6.
    Ahlgren, Sara
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Viet i Vaxtuna: Konceptanalys av naturformation som vi-plats under yngre järnåldern vid Vaxtuna gård i Orkesta socken, Seminghundra härad, Uppland.2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 7. Ahlin Sundman, Elin
    et al.
    Kjellström, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Medieval Masculinities and Violence: Weapon-Related Trauma in Skeletal Assemblages from Two Religious Houses in Iceland and Sweden2020In: European Journal of Archaeology, ISSN 1461-9571, E-ISSN 1741-2722, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 567-584Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that physical violence had a normative presence in medieval Nordic societies. In this study, weapon-related trauma (WRT) was examined in human skeletal assemblages from two religious houses, Skriouklaustur in Iceland, and Vasteras in Sweden. The aims were to identify patterns of WRT and to relate these to the masculinities of different groups of men. Violence was a prominent component of identity among lay men, especially for men with warrior experience. The use of violence was more problematic among clerics. The hypothesis that these notions of ideal masculine behaviour would affect the ways in which masculinities were enacted and would be reflected in the patterns of WRT was borne out by the results of this study. No WRT was identified among the canons and lay brothers in Skriouklaustur, but it was present in about thirty per cent of the males interpreted as belonging to the lay elite buried in the northern part of the church at Vasteras.

  • 8.
    Ahlin Sundman, Elin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Osteoarchaeological Research Laboratory.
    Kjellström, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Osteoarchaeological Research Laboratory.
    Signs of sinusitis in times of urbanization in Viking Age-early Medieval Sweden2013In: Journal of Archaeological Science, ISSN 0305-4403, E-ISSN 1095-9238, Vol. 40, no 12, p. 4457-4465Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The influence and possible negative impact on sinus health of living conditions in rural and urban environments in Viking Age (AD 800–1050) and Early Medieval Sweden (AD 1050–1200) is investigated. Skeletal samples from 32 rural settlements in the Mälaren Valley (AD 750–1200) and burials in the nearby proto-urban port of trade Birka (AD 750–960) are examined. Based on the diagnostic criteria for maxillary sinusitis used in earlier studies, the results show that there is no significant difference in the prevalence of signs of sinusitis between the two materials (i.e. the Mälaren Valley versus Birka). Consequently, this provides no evidence that living in a proto-urban environment had a negative impact on sinus health. However, when compared with previously studied samples from the early medieval town Sigtuna, dated to AD 970–1100, the populations of the Mälaren Valley and Birka show significantly lower frequencies of bone changes interpreted as chronic maxillary sinusitis (95%, 70% and 82% respectively). This implies that the urban environment of Sigtuna could have led to impaired sinus health. There is also a significant difference between males and females in the Birka material, in which more females (100%) than males (68%) were affected. A gender based differentiation in work tasks is suggested by this, or exposure to environmental risk factors that affect sinus health. No difference between males and females could be detected in the samples from the Mälaren Valley and Sigtuna.

  • 9. Aktürk, Şevva
    et al.
    Mapelli, Igor
    Güler, Merve N.
    Gürün, Kanat
    Katırcıoğlu, Büşra
    Vural, Kıvılcım Başak
    Sağlıcan, Ekin
    Çetin, Mehmet
    Yaka, Reyhan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies. Middle East Technical University, Turkey; Centre for Palaeogenetics, Sweden.
    Sürer, Elif
    Atağ, Gözde
    Çokoğlu, Sevim Seda
    Sevkar, Arda
    Altınışık, N. Ezgi
    Koptekin, Dilek
    Somel, Mehmet
    Benchmarking kinship estimation tools for ancient genomes using pedigree simulations2024In: Molecular Ecology Resources, ISSN 1755-098X, E-ISSN 1755-0998Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is growing interest in uncovering genetic kinship patterns in past societies using low-coverage palaeogenomes. Here, we benchmark four tools for kinship estimation with such data: lcMLkin, NgsRelate, KIN, and READ, which differ in their input, IBD estimation methods, and statistical approaches. We used pedigree and ancient genome sequence simulations to evaluate these tools when only a limited number (1 to 50 K, with minor allele frequency ≥0.01) of shared SNPs are available. The performance of all four tools was comparable using ≥20 K SNPs. We found that first-degree related pairs can be accurately classified even with 1 K SNPs, with 85% F1 scores using READ and 96% using NgsRelate or lcMLkin. Distinguishing third-degree relatives from unrelated pairs or second-degree relatives was also possible with high accuracy (F1 > 90%) with 5 K SNPs using NgsRelate and lcMLkin, while READ and KIN showed lower success (69 and 79% respectively). Meanwhile, noise in population allele frequencies and inbreeding (first-cousin mating) led to deviations in kinship coefficients, with different sensitivities across tools. We conclude that using multiple tools in parallel might be an effective approach to achieve robust estimates on ultra-low-coverage genomes. 

  • 10.
    Al Razzaz, Salim
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    Soil Analysis for samples from the hill-fort of Hedeby2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hedeby Hochburg, borgen i Hedeby, har fått förhållandevis lite uppmärksamhet, jämfört med själva samhället i Hedeby. Utgrävningen från 2012 har dock väckt ett intresse, med ett antal frågor som behöver besvaras. I denna uppsats analyseras jordprover som samlats under utgrävningen, för att se om de kan visa något om den kronologiska relationen mellan borgvallen och gravarna i borgen. Tre metoder användes, FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy), röntgendiffraktion (XRD) och röntgenfluorescens (XRF). Resultaten från XRF och XRD visar på en rumslig relation mellan minst en av vallens konstruktionsfaser och nedsänkningen i ett lager innanför vallen. Relationen med gravarna är inte tydlig än, och analysen gav inga kronologiska ledtrådar. Resultatet kan användas som hypotes för vidare prövning i framti

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    Soil Analysis_Hedeby_AlRazzaz
  • 11. Alburez-Gutierrez, Diego
    et al.
    Kolk, Martin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Centre for Cultural Evolution. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Zagheni, Emilio
    Women's Experience of Child Death Over the Life Course: A Global Demographic Perspective2021In: Demography, ISSN 0070-3370, E-ISSN 1533-7790, Vol. 58, no 5, p. 1715-1735Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The death of a child affects the well-being of parents and families worldwide, but little is known about the scale of this phenomenon. Using a novel methodology from formal demography applied to data from the 2019 Revision of the United Nations World Population Prospects, we provide the first global overview of parental bereavement, its magnitude, prevalence, and distribution over age for the 1950–2000 annual birth cohorts of women. We project that the global burden of parental bereavement will be 1.6 times lower for women born in 2000 than for women born in 1955. Accounting for compositional effects, we anticipate the largest improvements in regions of the Global South, where offspring mortality continues to be a common life event. This study quantifies an unprecedented shift in the timing of parental bereavement from reproductive to retirement ages. Women in the 1985 cohort and subsequent cohorts will be more likely to lose an adult child after age 65 than to lose a young child before age 50, reversing a long-standing global trend. “Child death” will increasingly come to mean the death of adult offspring. We project persisting regional inequalities in offspring mortality and in the availability of children in later life, a particular concern for parents dependent on support from their children after retirement. Nevertheless, our analyses suggest a progressive narrowing of the historical gap between the Global North and South in the near future. These developments have profound implications for demographic theory and highlight the need for policies to support bereaved older parents.

  • 12. Alfsdotter, Clara
    et al.
    Kjellström, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Osteoarchaeological Research Laboratory.
    The Sandby Borg Massacre: Interpersonal Violence and the Demography of the Dead2019In: European Journal of Archaeology, ISSN 1461-9571, E-ISSN 1741-2722, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 210-231Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During excavations of the Iron Age ringfort of Sandby borg (ad 400–550), the remains of twenty-six unburied bodies were encountered inside and outside the buildings. The skeletons and the archaeological record indicate that after the individuals had died the ringfort was deserted. An osteological investigation and trauma analysis were conducted according to standard anthropological protocols. The osteological analysis identified only men, but individuals of all ages were represented. Eight individuals (31 per cent) showed evidence of perimortem trauma that was sharp, blunt, and penetrating, consistent with interpersonal violence. The location of the bodies and the trauma pattern appear to indicate a massacre rather than a battle. The ‘efficient trauma’ distribution (i.e. minimal but effective violence), the fact that the bodies were not manipulated, combined with the archaeological context, suggest that the perpetrators were numerous and that the assault was carried out effectively. The contemporary sociopolitical situation was seemingly turbulent and the suggested motive behind the massacre was to gain power and control.

  • 13.
    Alrawi, Loey
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    DNA Analysis on a Viking-age boat grave from Sala hytta Västmanland, grave A22017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Viking-age boat grave burials are a less common but still repeatedly used way to bury the dead during the late Iron Age. Boat burials are exceptional in many aspects, not only due to placing the individual in a boat with numerous burial gifts including animals, but also by burying the individual without prior cremation, a common practice during the Iron Age. The aim of this thesis is to genetically analyse inhumation boat graves and compare the genetic composition of the ancient individuals with modern populations through population genetic analyses. This will highlight these particular human remains in a mobility context. A total of 11 individuals was analysed, but only one yielded enough DNA for further statistical analyses. This one individual proved genetically exceptionally well preserved. The results clearly show that the individual (a female) has a genetic affinity to populations in northern Europe. However, the results do not discriminate between modern Baltic/Scandinavian populations, depending on the statistical test.

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  • 14.
    Alrawi, Loey
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    Förekomsten av den genetiska varianten laktapersistens hos neolitiska grupper från Öland: The contribution of the genetic variant Lactase persistence among Neolithic people from the Baltic island Öland in Sweden2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with the contribution of the genetic variant lactase persistence among Neolithic people from the Baltic Island Öland. Skeletal remains from twelve individuals went through DNA sequencing in order to find the mutation that allows adult individuals to digest milk sugar. The twelve individuals were chosen from two different Neolithic sites, where the archaeological and isotopic data suggest that the individuals from Köpingsvik were hunters and gatherers and the individuals from Resmo were early farmers. The individuals with the genetic variant lactase persistence can be described with selection and genetic flow.  Only five individuals produced results and the mutation was found in two of the subjects. All the individuals who were successfully sequenced came from Resmo, whereasno individuals from Köpingsvik yielded any results.  

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    fulltext
  • 15.
    Alroth, Brita
    et al.
    Institutionen för arkeologi och antik historia, Antikens kultur och samhällsliv, Uppsala universitet.
    Scheffer, CharlotteStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Attitudes towards the Past in Antiquity. Creating Identities: Proceedings of an International Conference held at Stockholm University 15-17 May 20092014Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This volume brings together twenty-eight papers from an International conference on attitudes towards the past and the creating of identities in Antiquity. The volume addresses many different approaches to these issues, spanning over many centuries, ranging in time from the Prehistoric periods to the Late Antiquity, and covering large areas, from Britain to Greece and Italy and to Asia Minor and Cyprus.

    The papers deal with several important problems, such as the use of tradition and memory in shaping an individual or a collective identity, continuity and/or change and the efforts to connect the past with the present. Among the topics discussed are the interpretation of literary texts, e.g. a play by Plautus, the Aeneid, a speech by Lykurgos, poems by Claudian and Prudentius, and of historical texts and inscriptions, e.g. funerary epigrams, and the analysis of the iconography of Roman coins, Etruscan reliefs, Pompeian and Etruscan frescoes and Cypriote sculpture, and of architectural remains of houses, tombs and temples. Other topics are religious festivals, such as the Lupercalia, foundation myths, the image of the emperor on coins and in literature, the significance of intra-urban burials, forgeries connected with the Trojan War, Hippocrates and Roman martyrs.

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    Attitudes towards the Past in Antiquity Creating Identities
  • 16. Altınışık, N. Ezgi
    et al.
    Kazancı, Duygu Deniz
    Aydoğan, Ayça
    Gemici, Hasan Can
    Erdal, Ömür Dilek
    Sarıaltun, Savaş
    Vural, Kıvılcım Başak
    Koptekin, Dilek
    Gürün, Kanat
    Sağlıcan, Ekin
    Fernandes, Daniel
    Çakan, Gökhan
    Koruyucu, Meliha Melis
    Kempe Lagerholm, Vendela
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies. Centre for Palaeogenetics, Sweden.
    Karamurat, Cansu
    Özkan, Mustafa
    Kılınç, Gülşah Merve
    Sevkar, Arda
    Sürer, Elif
    Götherström, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies. Centre for Palaeogenetics, Sweden.
    Atakuman, Çiğdem
    Erdal, Yılmaz Selim
    Özer, Füsun
    Özdoğan, Aslı Erim
    Somel, Mehmet
    A genomic snapshot of demographic and cultural dynamism in Upper Mesopotamia during the Neolithic Transition2022In: Science Advances, E-ISSN 2375-2548, Vol. 8, no 44, article id eabo3609Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Upper Mesopotamia played a key role in the Neolithic Transition in Southwest Asia through marked innovations in symbolism, technology, and diet. We present 13 ancient genomes (c. 8500 to 7500 cal BCE) from Pre-Pottery Neolithic Çayönü in the Tigris basin together with bioarchaeological and material culture data. Our findings reveal that Çayönü was a genetically diverse population, carrying mixed ancestry from western and eastern Fertile Crescent, and that the community received immigrants. Our results further suggest that the community was organized along biological family lines. We document bodily interventions such as head shaping and cauterization among the individuals examined, reflecting Çayönü’s cultural ingenuity. Last, we identify Upper Mesopotamia as the likely source of eastern gene flow into Neolithic Anatolia, in line with material culture evidence. We hypothesize that Upper Mesopotamia’s cultural dynamism during the Neolithic Transition was the product not only of its fertile lands but also of its interregional demographic connections. 

  • 17. Ameen, Carly
    et al.
    R. Feuerborn, Tatiana
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies. University of Copenhagen, Denmark; University of Greenland, Greenland; Swedish Museum of Natural History, Sweden; Centre for Palaeogenetics, Sweden.
    Brown, Sarah K.
    Linderholm, Anna
    Hulme-Beaman, Ardern
    Lebrasseur, Ophelie
    Sinding, Mikkel-Holger S.
    Lounsberry, Zachary T.
    Lin, Audrey T.
    Appelt, Martin
    Bachmann, Lutz
    Betts, Matthew
    Britton, Kate
    Darwent, John
    Dietz, Rune
    Fredholm, Merete
    Gopalakrishnan, Shyam
    Goriunova, Olga I.
    Gronnow, Bjarne
    Haile, James
    Hallsson, Jon Hallsteinn
    Harrison, Ramona
    Heide-Jorgensen, Mads Peter
    Knecht, Rick
    Losey, Robert J.
    Masson-MacLean, Edouard
    McGovern, Thomas H.
    McManus-Fry, Ellen
    Meldgaard, Morten
    Midtdal, Aslaug
    Moss, Madonna L.
    Nikitin, Iurii G.
    Nomokonova, Tatiana
    Palsdottir, Albina Hulda
    Perri, Angela
    Popov, Aleksandr N.
    Rankin, Lisa
    Reuther, Joshua D.
    Sablin, Mikhail
    Schmidt, Anne Lisbeth
    Shirar, Scott
    Smiarowski, Konrad
    Sonne, Christian
    Stiner, Mary C.
    Vasyukov, Mitya
    West, Catherine F.
    Ween, Gro Birgit
    Wennerberg, Sanne Eline
    Wiig, Oystein
    Woollett, James
    Dalen, Love
    Hansen, Anders J.
    Gilbert, M. Thomas P.
    Sacks, Benjamin N.
    Frantz, Laurent
    Larson, Greger
    Dobney, Keith
    Darwent, Christyann M.
    Evin, Allowen
    Specialized sledge dogs accompanied Inuit dispersal across the North American Arctic2019In: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, ISSN 0962-8452, E-ISSN 1471-2954, Vol. 286, no 1916, article id 20191929Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Domestic dogs have been central to life in the North American Arctic for millennia. The ancestors of the Inuit were the first to introduce the widespread usage of dog sledge transportation technology to the Americas, but whether the Inuit adopted local Palaeo-Inuit dogs or introduced a new dog population to the region remains unknown. To test these hypotheses, we generated mitochondrial DNA and geometric morphometric data of skull and dental elements from a total of 922 North American Arctic dogs and wolves spanning over 4500 years. Our analyses revealed that dogs from Inuit sites dating from 2000 BP possess morphological and genetic signatures that distinguish them from earlier Palaeo-Inuit dogs, and identified a novel mitochondrial clade in eastern Siberia and Alaska. The genetic legacy of these Inuit dogs survives today in modern Arctic sledge dogs despite phenotypic differences between archaeological and modern Arctic dogs. Together, our data reveal that Inuit dogs derive from a secondary pre-contact migration of dogs distinct from Palaeo-Inuit dogs, and probably aided the Inuit expansion across the North American Arctic beginning around 1000 BP.

  • 18.
    Andersson, Christoffer
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
    Runsa - A hilltop settlement during the Migration Period: Distinguishing spatiality and organization through analyzing chemical imprints of daily activities2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Archaeologists have long noted the striking monumentality and large-scale efforts behind the Iron Age hilltop settlements. Yet, because of limited excavations, they represent a controversial part of the Migration Period society and much of their function remains hidden. This paper deals with questions concerning the inner organization and activities that took place within the Iron Age hilltop settlement at Runsa. The study is linked to the ongoing project ”Runsa fornborg –En befast centralplats i ostra Malardalen under folkvandringstid” which aims to investigate the socio-political functions of Runsa. In an attempt to establish a nuanced picture and distinguish space use within the hilltop settlement, a multi-variable approach is used. Alongside more traditional methods, element analysis by atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS) and lipid analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) is emphasized.

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  • 19.
    Andersson, Edla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Bronsålderns våtmarksoffer i Uppland: Om lokaler med deponerade djur- och människoben - en korologisk analys2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I will research whether or not bone depositions in water from the bronze age have a common feature in purpose of identifying undiscovered depositions. I will study six different places in Uppland, Sweden and go through the amount and the different types of ancient monuments adjacent to the depositions to try to find a pattern. With the knowledge I gather I will discuss how the results can help archeologists to identify new potential deposition locations. The result of this paper was that the studied locations were too few to find a real pattern to identify new depositions. I’m hopeful with a larger study done on a wider geographical area with more locations that a pattern will be identified.

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  • 20. Andersson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Källström, Magnus
    Näversköld, Kerstin O.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Runstensfyndet från Björkö by2016In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 111, no 2, p. 102-117Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Andersson, Helena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Gotländska stenåldersstudier: Människor och djur, platser och landskap2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals mainly with the Middle Neolithic period (ca. 3200-2300 BC) on the island of Gotland in the Baltic Sea. The aim is to deepen the understanding of how the islanders related to their surroundings, to the landscape, to places, to objects, to animals and to humans, both living and dead. The archaeological material is studied downwards and up with a focus on practices, especially the handling and deposition of materials and objects in graves, within sites and in the landscape. The study is comparative and the Middle Neolithic is described in relation to the Early Neolithic and the Mesolithic period on the island.

    From a long term perspective the island is presented as a region where strong continuity can be identified, regarding both way of life and economy. In contrast, substantial changes did occur through time regarding the islander’s conceptions of the world and of social relations. This in turn affected the way they looked upon the landscape, different sites and animals, as well as other human beings. During the Mesolithic, the islanders first saw it as possible to create their world, their micro-cosmos, wherever they were, and they saw themselves as living in symbiosis with seals. With time, though, they started to relate, to connect and to identify themselves with the island, its landscape and its material, with axe sites and a growing group identity as results. The growing group identity culminated during the Early Neolithic with a dualistic conception of the world and with ritualised depositions in border zones.

    The Middle Neolithic is presented as a period when earlier boundaries were dissolved. This concerned, for example, boundaries towards the world around the islanders and they were no longer keeping themselves to their own sphere. At the same time individuals became socially important. It became accepted and also vital to give expression to personal identity, which was done through objects, materials and animals. Despite this, group identity continued to be an important part in their lives. This is most evident through the specific Pitted Ware sites, where the dead were also treated and buried. These places were sites for ritual and social practices, situated in visible, central and easy accessible locations, like gates in and out of the islands’ different areas. The dead were very important for the islanders. In the beginning of MN B they started to adopt aspects from the Battle Axe culture, but they never embraced Battle Axe grave customs. Instead they held on to the Pitted Ware way of dealing with the dead and buried, and to the Pitted Ware sites, through the whole period, with large burial grounds as a result.

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  • 22.
    Andersson, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Diet och identitet: Analyser av kol- kväve- och svavelisotoper på indivier från det kristna senvikingatida gravfältet i Björned, Torsåkers socken, Ångermanland2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with the late Viking age/early medieval grave field in Björned, Torsåker parish, Ångermanland County in northern Sweden. The grave field in Björned is rare because it has all the signs of being Christianized before the surroundings. This awakes questions such as if the people of Björned came from another place and brought the religion with them or if someone else did that for them. To find these answers I have analysed the stable isotope ratios [delta]13C, [delta]15N and [delta]34S in human bone collagen. Through these stable isotopes we can not only see what the people consumed but also where their food had its origin. It seems like several people from the grave field had a different origin then the rest.

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  • 23.
    Andersson, Kenneth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Myntbruk i det medeltida Falsterbo: En topografisk studie2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 24.
    Andersson, Pia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Alternative Archaeology: Many Pasts in Our Present2012In: Numen, ISSN 0029-5973, E-ISSN 1568-5276, Vol. 59, no 2-3, p. 125-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article introduces the field of alternative archaeology. After a short presentation of how the field has been received by professional archaeologists, different ways of defining it are discussed, and potential demarcations are examined. A survey of the most frequently discussed topics follows, together with a discussion of the methodologies employed and the theoretical presuppositions accepted by writers in the alternative archaeology genre, and how these differ from the methods and theories of conventional academic archaeology. A brief section on the relevance of alternative archaeology to the study of religion concludes the article.

  • 25.
    Androshchuk, Fedir
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies. Allmänt arkeologi.
    Preface2007In: Cultural interaction between east and west. Archaeology, artefacts and human contacts in northern Europe, EO Grafiska, Stockholm , 2007, p. 11-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Androshchuk, Fedir
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    The Rural Vikings and Viking Helgö2007In: Cultural interaction between east and west. Archaeology, artefacts and human contacts in northern Europe, EO Grafiska, Stockholm , 2007, p. 153-163Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Androshchuk, Fedir
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies. Allmänt arkeologi.
    Källström, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies. Osteologi.
    Se byst vtoryj Iev:: bolezn' knjazja Vladimira Vasilkovicha i ejo biblejskie paralleli2007In: Ruthenica, Vol. 6, p. 243-258Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    "On Biblical and real parallels of Prince Vladimir Vasilkovich’s disease".

    Artikeln handlar om den volynske fursten Vladimir Vasilkovich († 1289). Utifrån en noggrann analys av fornryska skriftliga källor som detaljerat beskriver hans sjukdom konkluderas att Vladimir hade lepra. En leprasjuk ledare som ovanligt socialt och kulturellt fenomen i det medeltida samhället är alltså ledmotivet i artikeln

  • 28.
    Androsjtjuk, Fedir
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Kjellström, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Се же бысть вторы Иевъ»: реальные и библейские параллели болезни князя Владимира Васильковича.: 'It was a new Iob': Bible and other parallels to the disease of the Volynian.2007In: Ruthenica, Vol. VII, p. 243-258Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Andréasson, Anna
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Gräslund Berg, ElisabethStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.Heimdahl, JensJakobsson, AnnaLarsson, IngerStockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Swedish Language and Multilingualism, Scandinavian Languages.Persson, Erik
    Källor till trädgårdsodlingens historia: fyra tvärvetenskapliga seminarier 2010-2013 arrangerade av Nordiskt Nätverk för Trädgårdens Arkeologi och Arkeobotanik (NTAA)2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Andrén, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies. arkeologi.
    A petrified patchwork: The rune-stone at Karlevi and the early history of Öland2007In: On the Road: Studies in Honour of Lars Larsson, Almqvist & Wiksell International, Stockholm , 2007, p. 295-300Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A re-interpretation of the famous rune-stone at Karlevi on Öland, from about AD 1000. Instead of being viewed as a "casual monument", the rune-stone is regarded as part of the local political history of the island. Above all the Danish connections are underlined.

  • 31.
    Andrén, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    A world of stone: Warrior culture, hybridity, and old Nores cosmology2011In: Old Norse religion in long-term perspectives: Origins, changes, and interactions / [ed] Anders Andrén; Kristina Jennbert; Catharina Raudvere, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2011, 2, p. 33-38Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article is a cosmological interpretation of the Iron Age ringfort at Ismantorp on the island of Öland

  • 32.
    Andrén, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Archaeology2020In: The Pre-Christian religions of the North. History and Structures: Basic Premises and Consideration of Sources / [ed] Jens Peter Schjødt, John Lindow, Anders Andrén, Turnhout: Brepols, 2020, p. 135-160Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Overview of archaeological sources for the study of Old Norse religion

  • 33.
    Andrén, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Archaeology2018In: Handbook of pre-modern Nordic memory studies: interdisciplinary approaches, volume 1 / [ed] Jürg Glasur; Pernille Hermann; Stephen A. Mitchell, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2018, p. 135-150Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Memory in archaeology is above all about cultural memory, or about how the past was constructed and apprehended in the past. This role of the past in the past has attracted a growing interest in archaeological research in recent decades. Memory studies can be found in archaeology in general, as well as in Scandina­vian archaeology. Memory or the role of the past in the past, however, is not pos­sible to understand without reference to time, which means that the construction of time in archaeology is crucial for any discussion of memory (cf. Andrén 2013a, 2015).

  • 34.
    Andrén, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Archaeology of a densely documented time2009In: Zwischen Tradition und Wandel: Archäologie des 15. und 16. Jahrhunderts / [ed] Barbara Scholkmann, Sören Frommer, Christina Vossler, Markus Wolf, Büchenbach: Faustus , 2009, p. 3-6Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Survey of the specific problems in the archaeology of late medieval and early modern Europe

  • 35.
    Andrén, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Arkeologi2015In: Forskningens framtid!: ämnesöversikt 2014: humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet , 2015, p. bil. 1-5Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En kritisk översikt över svensk arkeologi under de senaste 30 åren

  • 36.
    Andrén, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Behind Heathendom: Archaeological Studies of Old Norse Religion2007In: Scottish Archaeological Journal, ISSN 0305 8980, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 105-138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper offers a synthesis of a large body of research into the "Old Norse religion" which has been conducted as part of a multidisciplinary research projekt - Vägar till Midgård - Roads to Midgard. Evidence for Pre-Christian Norse religion is drawn from Medieval Icelandic literature, place-names and the archaeology of ritual sites. The movement from open-air sites to purpose built ritual houses and finally churches is outlined. The prolonged contact with the Mediterranean world during the Roman Iron Age exerted a strong influence on Old Norse religion and some of the most distinctively Scandinavian religious features can be seen to be hybrid cultural constructs.

  • 37.
    Andrén, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Bengt Thordeman (1893-1990)2020In: Svenska arkeologer / [ed] Anne-Sofie Gräslund, Uppsala: Kungliga Gustav Adolfs Akademien, 2020, p. 247-254Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kort biografi av Bengt Thordeman (1893-1990)

  • 38.
    Andrén, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Betydelsen av främmande unga män2011In: Förmodern globalitet: Essäer om rörelse, möten och fjärran ting under 10000 år / [ed] Anders Andrén, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2011, p. 131-143Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikel är en global översikt över legosoldaters kulturella betydelse

  • 39.
    Andrén, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Borgare såväl i staden som på landsbygden? Relationen mellan Visby och Gotland cirka 1250-13752020In: Land og by på tværs: 1000-1800: festskrift til Bjørn Poulsen i anledning af 65-årsdagen / [ed] Mikkel Leth Jespersen, Mikkel Thelle, Aarhus: Aarhus Universitetsforlag, 2020, p. 203-215Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A study of the relationship between Visby and Gotland circa 1250-1375

  • 40.
    Andrén, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Carl Georg Brunius (1792-1869)2020In: Svenska arkeologer / [ed] Anne-Sofie Gräslund, Uppsala: Kungliga Gustav Adolfs Akademien, 2020, p. 29-34Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kort biografi av Carl Georg Brunius (1792-1869)

  • 41.
    Andrén, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Dalby bortom Heligkorskyrkan: Ett kejserligt landskap i Skåne2012In: Locus Celebris: Dalby kyrka, kloster och gård / [ed] Stephan Borgehammar, Jes Wienberg, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2012, p. 351-359Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En analys av Dalby klosters omgivningar under medeltiden

  • 42.
    Andrén, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Dalby bortom Heligkorskyrkan: Ett kejserligt landskap i Skåne2012In: Lunds historia - staden och omlandet: 1. Medeltiden - en metropol växer fram / [ed] Peter Carelli, Lund: Lunds kommun , 2012, p. 204-207Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Andrén, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    De stora berättelsernas återkomst2009In: Arkeologisk framtid: Arkeologmötet 2008 / [ed] Tore Artelius, Anna Källén, Stockholm: Svenska arkeologiska samfundet , 2009, p. 69-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A survey of the discussion on narrative forms in archaeology

  • 44.
    Andrén, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
    Det medeltida Gotland: En arkeologisk guidebok2011 (ed. 1)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    En guidebok och forskningsöversikt över det medeltida Gotland från ett arkeologiskt perspektiv

  • 45.
    Andrén, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Det medeltida Gotland: En arkeologisk guidebok2017 (ed. 2)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 46.
    Andrén, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Det osyrade brödet mellan kärlek och hat2020In: Eros, philia, agape: Kärlekens kulturhistoria: en vänbok till Inga Sanner / [ed] John Björkman, Victoria Fareld, Anna Källén, Lund: Ellerströms förlag, 2020, p. 165-180Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En fallstudie av några judeförföljelser i det medeltida Europa

  • 47.
    Andrén, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    Divine Twins2020In: The pre-Christian Religions of the North. History and Structures: Conceptual Frameworks. The Cosmos and the Collective Supernational Beings / [ed] Jens Peter Schjødt, John Lindow, Anders Andrén, Turnhout: Brepols, 2020, p. 1453-1463Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An overview of traces of divine twins in Old Norse religion

  • 48.
    Andrén, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    En fråga om tid2015In: Kungl. Vitterhets historie och antikvitets akademiens årsbok, Stockholm: Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, 2015, p. 177-186Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Andrén, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    En realiserad utopi2013In: Renässansstaden i Vattenriket: Kristianstad 400 år / [ed] Ingemar Ottosson, Kristianstad: Kristianstads kommun , 2013, p. 31-35Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Översikt över stadsplaneidéer bakom grundläggningen av Kristianstad 1614

  • 50.
    Andrén, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeology.
    En tolkning av det historiska landskapet runt Dalby kyrka och kloster2015In: Kyrkan i landskapet / [ed] Ulf Sporrong, Stockholm: Kungliga Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien , 2015, p. 99-111Chapter in book (Other academic)
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