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  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Carina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Organisation av undervisning för nyanlända elever: Ett exempel från två skolor med inkluderande arbetssätt2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A current subject in Sweden today is how to organize education for newly arrived children in school. The number of newly arrived children continues to increase and this will ask for new demands on the school regarding reception and organization of learning for these students. This also demands the school to improve the knowledge about these children. The aim of this study is to describe the principals’, teachers’ and students’ experience of an inclusive organization of learning for newly arrived students. Two different schools in an area frequented of immigrants in one of the largest cities in Sweden have been selected. Both schools are working with inclusion around the newly arrived students. To obtain a pre-understanding of how the school works, lesson observations have been carried out in the schools. Thereafter interviews with principals, teachers and students have been carried out. The principals at both schools believe that the work with newly arrived students should be carried out in an inclusive organization. Depending on how long the school has had this way of working, but also depending on the teachers’ backgrounds, they are thinking differently about if it is favourable for the students to be included. At the Betaschool which is a school that has worked longer than the Alfaschool in an inclusive way, the teachers see more advantages with this way of working. The students at both schools are more positive than the teachers. The cultural capital that the students already have when they arrive to the school is important for the way of adjusting to the new school. There is also a difference in which position the student take on depending on the capital they bring with them. Several components are important for the school choosing to work inclusively with newly arrived students. Some of these are study counsellors, language development approach, relations and a shared view on how to educate newly arrived children at the school.

  • 2.
    Adami, Rebecca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    A narratable self as addressed by human rights2017In: Policy Futures in Education, ISSN 1478-2103, E-ISSN 1478-2103, Vol. 15, no 3, 252-261 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper extends the critique in earlier research of human rights as exclusive of otherness and difference by introducing the work of Adriana Cavarero (2000) on a narratable self. Hence, the formation of human rights is thus about the relations between different narratable selves, not just Western ones. A narrative learning, drawing on Cavarero (2000), shifts the focus in human rights learning from learning about the other to exposing one's life story narrative through relationality.

  • 3.
    Adami, Rebecca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Human Rights Learning: The Significance of Narratives, Relationality and Uniqueness2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Whereas educational policy is mainly concerned with the content of Human Rights Education (HRE), philosophers of education have widely explored the subject and her social condition in terms of social justice education. This thesis draws on philosophers of education in exploring the subject rather than the content of HRE, focusing the study on ontological rather than epistemological aspects of learning. In this thesis learning is explored through narratives, as a relational process of becoming. The turn to narrative is taken against the dominant historical narrative of human rights as a Western project. This turn concerns how claims toward universalism of human rights exclude difference and equally concerns how notions of particularity overshadows the uniqueness in life stories. The concept of uniqueness serves to elucidate the complexity of the subject, not easily reduced into social categorizations, a concept drawn from Adriana Cavarero and Hannah Arendt.

  • 4.
    Adami, Rebecca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Intersectional dialogue: a cosmopolitical dialogue of ethics2013In: Cosmopolitan Civil Societies : an Interdisciplinary Journal, ISSN 1837-5391, Vol. 5, no 2, 45-62 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article is based on a critical cosmopolitan outlook on dialogue as not aimed at reaching consensus, but rather keeping dialogue of difference open, with the ability to reach common understanding of human rights on conflicting grounds. Intersectional dialogue is used as a concept that opens up possibilities to study, in a pragmatic sense, the ‘cosmopolitan space’ in which different axles of power met in the historical drafting of human rights. By enacting analysis of United Nations (UN) documents from 1948 on the process of drafting the Universal Declaration on Human Rights (UDHR) the conceptualization of intersectional dialogue is put to work. The utopian foundation for deliberative democracy as dialogue in the absence of power and interest does not acknowledge the reality in which the human rights were negotiated and debated. The paper questions the dominant narrative of a western philosophical ground for the universality of human rights.

  • 5.
    Adami, Rebecca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Learning Human Rights Through One's Life Story: A Narratable Self as Addressed by Human RightsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Adami, Rebecca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Reconciling Universality and Particularity through a Cosmopolitan Outlook on Human Rights2012In: Cosmopolitan Civil Societies: An Interdisciplinary Journal, ISSN 1837-5391, Vol. 4, no 2, 22-37 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Human rights are today criticized as not compatible with different cultural values and the debate has circulated around Asian values and Islamic values as in dichotomy with human rights as universal ethics (Ignatieff, 2003). The theoretical dichotomy between universality and particularity is questioned pragmatically in this paper through a historical study. The working process of drafting the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) in 1946-48, which included thousands of people, is explored as a cosmopolitan space in which individuals from different cultural contexts met to negotiate human rights through cultural narratives. The process where particular values were negotiated with universal notion on human rights resulted in a common proclamation (UDHR) without a common philosophical or ideological ground. This paper puts forth a thesis that human rights discourse can work as a cosmopolitan space, in which particular value systems meet in processes characterized by conflict and cohesion. Hence human rights can be understood as a master narrative compatible with different conflicting cultural narratives (Gibson & Somers, 1994).

  • 7.
    Adami, Rebecca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Re-Thinking Relations in Human Rights Learning: The Politics of Narratives2014In: Journal of Philosophy of Education, ISSN 0309-8249, E-ISSN 1467-9752, Vol. 48, no 2, 293-307 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Human Rights Education (HRE) has traditionally been articulated in terms of cultivating better citizens or world citizens. The main preoccupation in this strand of HRE has been that of bridging a gap between universal notions of a human rights subject and the actual locality and particular narratives in which students are enmeshed. This preoccupation has focused on ‘learning about the other’ in order to improve relations between plural ‘others’ and ‘us’ and reflects educational aims of national identity politics in citizenship education. The article explores the learning of human rights through narratives in relations, drawing on Hannah Arendt and Sharon Todd. For this re-thinking of relations in learning human rights, the article argues that HRE needs to address both competing historical narratives on the drafting of the Universal Declaration on Human Rights (UDHR) as well as unique life narratives of learners.

  • 8.
    Adami, Rebecca
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Toward Cosmopolitan Ethics in Teacher Education: An Ontological Dimension of Learning Human Rights2014In: Ethics and Education, ISSN 1744-9642, E-ISSN 1744-9650, Vol. 9, no 1, 29-38 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a globalization trend in teacher education, emphasizing the role of teachers to make judgments based on human rights in their teaching profession. Rather than emphasizing the epistemological dimension of acquiring knowledge about human rights through teacher education, an ontological dimension is emphasized in this paper of what it means to become a professional teacher. An ontological dimension of ‘learning to become’ can be captured in critical examination of a cosmopolitan awareness of teachers in relation to judgment and justice. I read the critique through studies on human rights in teacher education, which transforms notions of openness and respect in relations marked by difference.

  • 9.
    Adami, Rebecca
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Hållander, Marie
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Testimony and Narrative as a Political Relation: the Question of Ethical Judgment in Education2015In: Journal of Philosophy of Education, ISSN 0309-8249, E-ISSN 1467-9752, Vol. 49, no 1, 1-13 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we explore the role of film in educational settings and argue that testimony and narrative are dependent upon each other for developing ethical judgments. We use the film 12 Angry Men to enhance our thesis that the emotional response that sometimes is intended in using film as testimonies in classrooms requires a specific listening; a listening that puts pupils at risk when they relate testimonies to their own life narratives. The article raises the importance of listening in training narrative ethos in relation to violence witnessed in film. The article contributes by enhancing an understanding of a relational dimension to testimony and narrative, which, in an Arendtian sense, is also put forward as a political relation.

  • 10.
    Adamow, Goscha
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Förskolan i ett mångkulturellt samhälle: Pedagogers föreställningar kring mångkulturellt arbete på förskolan2010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to describe, understand and analyze the thought behind the perception amongst pedagogues´ on multicultural work in preschools, based on an intercultural perspective. In this study, I questioned the pedagogues´ view on the work in preschools that prepares children for a life in a multicultural society and also the way they describe the cultural challenges.

    The study was accomplished and questions were answered by studying current literature and previous research in the field. I also interviewed four pedagogues from two different preschools located in separate areas.

    This study shows that many opinions that pedagogues expressed in the interviews can be traced back to an “us vs. them” perspective, in which your own culture, the Swedish one in this case, is the most critical and should receive the greatest attention in preschool. At the same time, the study shows that the more experience pedagogues had from multicultural preschools the greater acceptance they had for other cultures. These pedagogues also had an advanced in the development of intercultural competence.

     

  • 11.
    Adams Lyngbäck, Elizabeth
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    I Don't Feel Like Myself: Women's Accounts of Normality and Authenticity in the Field of Menstruation2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this master thesis is to contribute to a deeper understanding of women’s experiences in regard to menstrually related suffering. These particular experiences are examined in relation to notions of normality and authenticity. The study designed for this purpose is based on the life world of women in order to explore these ideas. The visceral signs originating from within the body are generally understood to be undetectable when working properly. Such is not the case for many women who menstruate. The cyclical change in physical and mental states associated with the menstrual cycle provide an opportunity to study how going in and out of different ways of being in the world influence human experience. Thematic interviews were conducted asking ten women living in Sweden to share their experiences of suffering related to the menstrual cycle. A phenomenological approach with focus on the body was used to study how changing ways of being in the world contribute to the construction of illness and health. Beginning with discussions about their experiences of suffering revealed that women thought in terms of when they felt like themselves and when they did not. Organization of time was interrelated with how women understood their experiences. Emphasizing recurring negative experiences lead to contemplation about causes of suffering and comparison of different states of being. The lack of ‘one’s selfness’ due to what is commonly referred to as PMS represents the dilemma these women describe. The need to have control over the outward representation of one’s self is discussed in light of different medical technologies like SSRI antidepressant use and hormonal therapies which revealed that women saw the origins of their suffering to be a product of society but tightly connected to their identity as women and were not willing to be without a menstrual cycle. Phenomenological ideas about embodiment were used to understand how suffering was seen both as a sign of health and as a part of the self.

  • 12.
    Adams Lyngbäck, Liz
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Experiences, networks and uncertainty: parenting a child who uses a cochlear implant2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this dissertation project is to describe the ways people experience parenting a deaf child who uses a cochlear implant. Within a framework of social science studies of disability this is done by combining approaches using ethnographic and netnographic methods of participant observation with an interview study. Interpretations are based on the first-person perspective of 19 parents against the background of their related networks of social encounters of everyday life. The netnographic study is presented in composite conversations building on exchanges in 10 social media groups, which investigates the parents’ meaning-making in interaction with other parents with similar living conditions. Ideas about language, technology, deafness, disability, and activism are explored. Lived parenting refers to the analysis of accounts of orientation and what 'gets done' in respect to these ideas in situations where people utilize the senses differently. In the results, dilemmas surrounding language, communication and cochlear implantation are identified and explored. The dilemmas extend from if and when to implant, to decisions about communication modes, intervention approaches, and schools. An important finding concerns the parents’ orientations within the dilemmas, where most parents come up against antagonistic conflicts. There are also examples found of a development process in parenting based on lived, in-depth experiences of disability and uncertainty which enables parents to transcend the conflictive atmosphere. This process is analyzed in terms of a social literacy of dis/ability.

  • 13.
    Adamson, Lena
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Gougoulakis, Petros
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Swedish Quality Assurance of Higher Education: From Enhancement to Results Control and Back to Enhancement?2017In: Quality Assurance in Higher Education: A Global Perspective / [ed] Stamelos Georgios, K.M. Joshi, Saeed Paivandi, Studera Press , 2017, 19-40 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article outlines the Swedish national quality assurance system of higher education institutions, placing it in a historical and international context. Currently a new system is under construction as a result of heavy criticism of the system applied since 2011. What the new system will precisely confer is too early to tell. Its ambition is to align with the principles (European Standards and Guidelines; ESG 2015) that have been developed within the frame of the Bologna Process.

  • 14.
    Adnyani, Desak Putu Deni Putri
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Professional Development for Pre-service Teacher: A Case Study of Professional Development Program for Pre-service Teacher in State University in Central Indonesia2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study was a case study which aimed at exploring pre-service teachers’ perceptions of PPG-SM3T program for their professional development. PPG-SM3T program is a professional development program for pre-service teacher in Indonesia. Research design of this study was quantitative design and used convenience sampling. The sample was 60 pre-service teachers who graduated from PPG-SM3T program in a state university in central Indonesia. Instrument used to collect data for the present study was questionnaire and analysis consisted of Principal Component Analysis, Reliability test, and Exploratory Data Analysis were done in order to analyse the data. From the results of analysis, it was found that generally pre-service teachers who took PPG-SM3T program in the mentioned university response positively toward the program. It was found to be very effective for most of them as a preparation to be professional teachers. Workshop and field teaching practice were two features in the program that particularly helpful to prepare them to be professional teacher. However, it was also found that more supervision is needed for pre-service teacher during the program as well as non-teaching activities. Some specific cases also need to be considered for future improvement.

  • 15. Adolfsson Boman, Marianne
    et al.
    Eriksson, Inger
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Hverven, Mona
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Jansson, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education.
    Tambour, Torbjörn
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Att introducera likhetstecken i ett algebraiskt sammanhang för elever i årskurs 12013In: Forskning om undervisning och lärande, ISSN 2001-6131, no 10, 29-49 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln bygger på data från forsknings- och utvecklingsprojektet (FoU) ”Utveckling av matematiskt tänkande – expanderande uppgifter i nybörjarundervisningen” där lärare från Skärsätra skola tillsammans med forskare från Stockholms universitet genomförde ett undervisningsexperiment i syfte att introducera algebra i nybörjarundervisningen.

  • 16.
    Ageman, Lisa
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Gunnarson, Josephine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Elevassistentens uppfattningar om sitt arbete för elever med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien syftar till att belysa hur yrkesverksamma elevassistenter uppfattar sitt arbete för elever med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar. Studiens frågeställningar är ”Hur beskriver elevassistenten sitt arbetssätt för elever med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar?”  ”Hur uppfattar elevassistenten sin yrkesroll i relation till elever och kollegor?” samt  ”hur kan man förstå elevassistentens beskrivning av sitt arbete utifrån Antonovskys teori om känsla av sammanhang?” Studien utgår från teorin KASAM, känsla av sammanhang. Datan har samlats in via semistrukturerade interjuver och därefter analyserats via en abduktiv tematisk analys. Resultatet visar att yrkesrollen är oklar, att en relation till eleverna är av vikt och att olika arbetssätt för att uppnå en känsla av struktur är central. En av studiens slutsatser är att det råder en viss oklarhet angående vad yrket som elevassistent faktiskt innebär, både hos de som själva jobbar som elevassistent men även hos andra yrkeskategorier på skolan och detta har sina konsekvenser för hur elevassistenter uppfattar sin yrkesroll.

  • 17.
    Aharbach, Fouzia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Ehn, Jenny
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Ser mitt huvud smart ut i den här?: en studie om sjalbärande kvinnors upplevelser av bemötande inom högskolan2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to describe the experiences of social treatment of a few women, whowear a head scarf, within the college/university environment. The study examines socialtreatment from teachers as well as from fellow students. To examine this, the study usesqualitative interviews. The results of the interviews showed that the respondents havevery different experiences. A few of the respondents have very negative experiencesconcerning treatment from teachers, others describe the teachers as supportive.Concerning fellow students some of the respondents described how, in the beginning,they were treated with some distance. This however changed, in most cases, as timewent on. One respondent is undividedly positive about her experience. The studyconcludes that there are examples of both positive and negative social treatment in thewomen's experiences.

  • 18. Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Bergmo-Prvulovic, IngelaStockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.Kilhammar, Karin
    HR: Att ta tillvara mänskliga resurser2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Ahlqvist, Per
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Livslångt lärande: Mer än ett CV?2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats är resultatet av en undersökning av två verksamheter som valt att använda ett icke-formellt verktyg för att synliggöra, erkänna och dokumentera lärande. Utgångspunkten i undersökningen har varit en önskan att pröva om kunskaper om arbetsliv och erfarenheter från arbetsliv är möjliga att synliggöra, erkänna och dokumentera med liknande status och kvalitetssäkring som inom det formella utbildningssystemet. Studien bygger på intervjuer med elever, deltagare och handledare på ett introduktionsprogram med handelsinriktning på gymnasiet samt på ett program i en kommunal arbetsmarknadsåtgärd. Gemensamt för målgruppen av ungdomar och unga vuxna i undersökningen var att de hade låg eller bristfällig utbildningsnivå samt att de riskerade att etableras i ett utanförskap.

    Undersökningen visar att det verktyg som använts visar bygger på en systematik som bidrar till att skapa en tydlig och pedagogisk lärandesituation samt ett arbetssätt som bidrar till en kvalitetssäkrad dokumentation. Den kompetens som deltagarna tillgodogjort sig visade sig även öka matchningsmöjligheterna på arbetsmarknaden. Verktygets etablering i samhället visade sig i undersökningen vara den svagaste länken i användandet. Verktyget upplevdes inte som tillräckligt kommunicerat och känt vilket var till elevernas nackdel. Kvalitetssäkringen visade brister inte minst vad gäller hanteringen av deltagarnas intyg över erhållet lärande. Trots goda resultat visade det sig också vara svårt för ansvariga tjänstemän att motivera kostnaden för användandet.

    Resultatet bör vara intressant för verksamheter som har tankegångar runt en integrativ syn på lärande samt om formella, icke-formella och informella verktyg för att synliggöra och erkänna lärande kan verka i symbios för att öka tillgången till det livslånga lärandet.

  • 20.
    Alameddine, Josefine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    "Att 'simma' i hela sin personlighet": En genuskritisk diskursanalys om subjektivitet och kön, av ett urval texter om Reggio Emilia-filosofin2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats avser att studera framskrivningar om kön och barns subjektivitet, utifrån en samling texter som beskriver Reggio Emilia-filosofin och dess pedagogik. Med feministisk poststrukturalism och diskursanalys som teori och metod har jag i texterna sökt efter bland annat representationer, och utifrån dessa skrivit fram diskurser om barns subjektivitet respektive barn som könade subjekt. I materialet betonas en helhetssyn på barn, där barnet ses som ett kompetent, medskapande och unikt subjekt – men studien visar också att flickor och pojkar som generaliserade grupper beskrivs som delvis olika, och att denna antagna olikhet ger anledning till exempelvis gruppindelning efter kön. Dessa framställningar uppfattar jag stå i spänningsförhållande till varandra: diskursen om barn som könade kan förstås som begränsande för vad som ryms i diskursen om barns subjektivitet. Fokusering på olikhet mellan könen kan spåras till dels ett inom Reggio Emilia-filosofin värnande av just ”värdet” olikhet och dels en tanke om denna könsliga olikhet som något delvis inneboende hos barnen – en slags essens – som så att säga kommer före det relationella, kontextuella. Denna essentialistiska syn på könsligt bundna egenskaper förefaller stå i kontradiktoriskt förhållande till Reggio Emiliafilosofins betonande av individens unika subjektivitet. Studien gör gällande att denna olikhet, avseende kön, inte problematiseras i merparten av mitt material – men att det samtidigt tycks finnas en slags motdiskurs som gör detta problematiserande.

  • 21.
    Alas, Serkan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Yavuz, Funda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Lärare och läsinlärning i två skolmiljöer2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vår uppsats behandlar skolämnena svenska och svenska som andraspråk och olika lärares arbetssätt i två skilda skolmiljöer. Syftet med arbetet var att granska hur lärare arbetar med läsinlärning d.v.s. vilka metoder lärare använder i sin undervisning och hur deras organisation av läsundervisningen går till. Vi ville studera om det fanns skillnader respektive likheter vad gäller lärares arbetssätt inom ämnena svenska och svenska som andraspråk. Läroplanens strävansmål nämner bl.a. att "skolan skall sträva efter att varje elev lär sig att utforska, lära och arbeta både självständigt och tillsammans med andra" (Läroplanen 1994, s. 9).

    I den ryske psykologen och läraren Lev Vygotskij (1896-1934) har vi hittat ett pedagogiskt tankesätt, där eleven ses i sitt sammanhang och där läraren anpassar sin undervisning så att eleven får möjlighet till utforskande och lärande. Vilket vi genom observation har studerat för att få en inblick om lärare brukar Vygotskijs teorier i praktiken. Vygotskijs sociokulturella perspektiv betonar även att språket och den sociala miljön påverkar- och kan påverka den kognitiva utvecklingen. Begreppet proximal utveckling innebär, inom denna kunskapsteori, att barnet klarar av att lösa uppgifter som är "snäppet över" den egna kunskapsnivån om någon med större erfarenhet hjälper barnet. Denna person kan vara en vuxen eller ett barn. I den här uppsatsen är det läraren som står i fokus d.v.s. hur lärare organiserar undervisningen för att anpassa den till elevernas kunskapsnivå samt hur lärare hjälper elever att gå vidare med en uppgift som de har svårigheter med. Vilket inom Vygotskijs perspektiv nämns för den proximala utvecklingszonen.

    För att få svar på våra forskningsfrågor utförde vi vår fältstudie under två veckor i år 1, då vi intervjuade fyra lärare och observerade deras organisation av läsundervisningen. Resultatet visade på stora likheter mellan samtliga lärares arbetssätt, bl.a. att de använde den traditionella metoden och LTG-metoden i sin läsundervisning. Den största skillnaden mellan de två skolorna i vår undersökning var lärares organisering av undervisningen. Skillnaden synliggjordes under observations- samt intervjutillfällen då lärare i skola A valde att arbeta mer abstrakt. Detta genom att t ex beskriva en skog, hur en skog ser ut och låta eleverna gissa vad det är hon beskriver samtidigt som hon artikulerar bokstaven s flera gånger. I jämförelse med lärare i skola B som arbetade med konkreta material genom att t ex visa en bild på en skog för att så småningom stimulera eleverna till abstrakt tänkande.

  • 22.
    Alas, Serkan
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Yavuz, Funda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Lärare och läsinlärning i två skolmiljöer: Syftet med examensarbetet är att ta reda på hur lärare kan organisera läsundervisningen samt vilka uppfattningar lärare har om läsinlärning2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 23.
    Alexandersson-From, Jeanette
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Miladi, Gun
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Hur beskriver studenter lärares bedömning?: Vad kan lärarstudenten som VFU-handledaren inte kan?2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Lärare använder sig av allt från summativ bedömning och fingertoppskänsla till beprövad didaktisk erfarenhet och formativ bedömning, när elevers kunskaper ska bedömas. Forskning visar att den största framgången för elevers lärande och kunskapsutveckling sker då formativ bedömning används.

    Syftet med denna studie är att studera hur blivande lärarstudenter beskriver lärares bedömningspraktiker under den verksamhetsförlagda utbildningen. Vad upplever studenterna i praktiken av lärares bedömning jämfört med teorin från lärarutbildningen?

    Det empiriska materialet, bestående av 18 examinationsuppgifter från lärarstudenter i Didaktik II, sammanställs och tolkas med inspiration utifrån det hermeneutiska tankesättet. Studenttexterna tolkas utifrån de begrepp som studenterna enligt examinationsuppgiften förväntades att studera från sin VFU- verksamhet. Det empiriska materialet beskrivs, analyseras och resultatet jämförs i relation till forskningsfrågorna.

    Resultatet av undersökningen visar att lärare inte alltid gör som de säger samt att studenterna visar att de ännu inte helt erövrat den praktiska erfarenheten, som en lång lärarpraktik innebär. Studenterna har emellertid med sig de senaste teorierna om bedömning av och för elevers lärande och kunskapsutveckling. Denna studie visar att en viss diskrepans tycks råda mellan teori och praktik.

  • 24.
    Anderhag, Per
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Selander, Staffan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Eva, Svärdemo-Åberg
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Interaktivitet och hypertextualitet: om digital konmmunikation och digitala läromedel2015In: Utm@ningar och e-frestelser: IT och skolans lärkultur / [ed] Roger Säljö, Jonas Linderoth, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 2. uppl., no 2Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Andersson, Emma
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Everland, Rebecka
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Studie- och yrkesvägledning - hela skolans ansvar?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 26.
    Andersson, Ingrid
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    What's the matter with discourse?: An alternative reading of Karen Barad's philosophy. 2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The theoretical movement known under the heading of posthumanism has entered the academic field. Posthumanisms most prominent feature is to retrieve the concept of matter into the analytical framework. Matter is understood to be under-theorized within the social sciences as a result of the permeative focus upon language and discourse. A prevailing understanding of posthumanism that has been used within educational science and philosophy thus consists of moving the searchlight from language/discourse onto matter. Notably, these scholars are turning to the philosopher Karen Barad in order to spell out their posthumanistic implications. The aim of the thesis is to give an account of the philosophy of Karen Barad in contrast to other prevailing renderings of her. The analysis is carried out using a contrastive methodological approach. In this study I demonstrate how my reading of Barad differs from the scholarly readings that I choose to engage with. The results show that with an alternative conceptual understanding of Barad’s posthumanistic theory the analysis is being steered towards the entanglement of matter and discourse rather than towards the materialistic components of a posed problem. In addition, the results also show how a focus on the ontological underpinnings of Barad’s theoretical framework can give crucial contributions when it comes to understanding the generative conditions of science and knowledge-making.

  • 27.
    Andersson, Jeanette
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Guldager, Lykke
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Tillvarata kompetensen!: Arbetsgivares erfarenheter av att ha tagit emot praktikanter från Korta vägen2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka arbetsgivares erfarenheter av att ha tagit emot praktikanterfrån arbetsmarknadsprojektet Korta vägen. Många utländska akademiker idag går arbetslösatrots att Sverige har en stor efterfrågan på kvalificerad arbetskraft. Som en lösning på att försökaåtgärda arbetslösheten hos denna målgrupp har Sverige utformat olika arbetsmarknadsinsatserför att underlätta intåget av utländska akademiker på arbetsmarknaden. Forskning har visat attpraktik är den mest fördelaktiga insats som genererats i de arbetsmarknadspolitiska åtgärdersom idag finns. Tyvärr råder hög arbetsbelastning på svenska arbetsplatser vilket gör att mångatackar nej till att ta emot praktikanter. Genomförandet skedde genom en kvalitativ studie därurvalsgruppen bestod av sex stycken arbetsgivare som tagit emot praktikanter frånarbetsmarkandsprojektet Korta vägen. Resultatet visade att majoriteten av arbetsgivarna hadegoda erfarenheter av mottagandet. Samtliga arbetsgivare ansåg att det svenska språket varmycket viktigt. Dels för att praktikanten skulle kunna arbeta mot deras kunder men också föratt komma in i gemenskapen på arbetsplatsen. Resultatet visade också att majoriteten avarbetsgivarna tog emot praktikanterna av rent egoistiska skäl då några såg det som gratisarbetskraft medan andra gjorde det för att ge goodwill till företaget.

  • 28.
    Andersson, Lotten
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Att se människan: En studie om sångpedagogers och artisters uppfattning av begreppet personligt uttryck.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 29.
    Andersson, Märta
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Löfström, Carina
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    ADHD sett ur ett individperspektiv: Pedagogikens betydelse för karriärutvecklingen2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 30. Andersson, Nina
    et al.
    Klang, Birgitta
    Petersson, Gunilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Differences in clinical reasoning among nurses working in highly specialised paediatric care2012In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 21, no 5-6, 870-879 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives. The aim of the study was to examine differences in clinical reasoning among novice, experienced and specialist paediatric nurses. Background. Highly specialised paediatric care requires specific knowledge and ongoing skill performance of the nurses employed. There is a lack of research in how paediatric nurses manage the daily care problems they encounter and how they acquire the skills required to give patients the best possible care. More knowledge is needed about how paediatric nurses with different experience and education reason and communicate about paediatric patient situations. Design. The study was based on six recorded group discussions of a fictitious, but realistic paediatric case. Three categories of nurses: novices (n = 7), experienced (n = 7) and specialists (n = 7) from a paediatric hospital participated. A qualitative content analysis approach was chosen to examine differences in clinical reasoning. Results. Several themes were uncovered: child's social situation, child abuse and the child's illness, qualitative differences emerged in how the nurses discussed the case. Three approaches were identified: a task-oriented approach (novices and experienced), an action-oriented approach (novices and experienced) and hypothesis-oriented approach (specialists) while discussing the case. Conclusion. When comparing nurses in three competence groups, it was established that the groups with extensive experience and specialist education reasoned differently than the other groups. Between the novice and experienced groups, no obvious differences were found. Thus, the importance of experience alone for the development of competence is still an open question. Experience combined with further education appears important for developing professional competence in paediatric care. Relevance to clinical practice. Nurses' reasoning in clinical paediatric care is related to experience and training.

  • 31.
    Andersson, Oliver
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Stockhaus, Kim
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Betydelsen av studierför återanpassning i samhället.: En kvantitativ studie om den upplevda betydelsen av studier i anstaltför återanpassning i samhället.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur upplever före detta intagna i kriminalvårdsanstalt vikten av studier i anstalt för deras återanpassning i samhället? För att försöka besvara denna frågeställning har vi i vår studie sammanställt datamaterial ifrån en kvantitativ studie. Syftet med studien är att utifrån ett sociologiskt perspektiv undersöka den upplevda nyttan av studier hos före detta intagna i kriminalvårdsanstalt. Underliggande frågeställningar är:

    Vad är den upplevda betydelsen av studier för återfall i brottslighet?Vad är den upplevda betydelsen av studier för anställning efter frigivning ifrån anstalt?En deskriptiv analys uppvisar att respondenterna i vår studie i hög majoritet upplever att vare sig sysselsättningen i sig i anstalt eller studier i anstalt har betydelse för möjligheten att erhålla anställning eller för att återanpassas efter frigivning ifrån anstalt. Vi kunde i vår studie dock tyda uppmätta mönster som påvisar att studier i anstalt i högre grad leder till att respondenter erhåller arbete efter frigivning ifrån anstalt. Det föreligger således en åtskillnad i upplevd förväntan och uppmätta resultat. Uppmätta mönster kan även påvisa att respondenternas verkställighetstid i anstalt kan förklara höga värden bland respondenter som har återfallit i brott efter sin första frigivning. Respondenterna skattar även relativt höga uppmätta värden i vår studie av upplevt utanförskap ifrån samhället och upplevelsen att de döms av samhället för sin bakgrund som intagna i anstalt.

    Studien påvisar resultat att endast två av 25 respondenter enligt vår egen första kriteriebedömning har lyckats återanpassas till samhället, enligt vår egen fyr skaliga variabel bedömning. I vår andra kriteriebedömning har sju av 25 respondenter lyckats att återanpassa sig till samhället enligt vår egen tre skaliga variabel bedömning. Vår studie har inte kunnat skatta styrkan i effekten eller ett statistiskt samband, inte heller signifikansen då vi inte har formulerat en nollhypotes. De mätresultat som dataunderlaget har gett är för oprecisa och osäkra med anledning av det låga antalet observationer i vår studie.

    Studien behandlar den upplevda vikten av utbildning och tar avstamp hos Anthony Giddens och dennes samlade sociologiska verk “sociologi” med sociologiskt perspektiv och teorier om utbildningens inflytande för social mobilitet samt social klasstillhörighet och utanförskap. Flertalet sociologiska tänkare som Bourdieu, Illich, Durkheim och Talcott- Parson redovisas av Giddens, sett från ett sociologiskt perspektiv till vår studies områden som kriminalitet som avvikande beteende, återanpassning i samhället, utestängning, utbildningens ojämlikheter. Vi behandlar teoretiska begrepp som stämpling, stigma och sociologiskt perspektiv.

  • 32.
    Andersson, Therese
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Visioner, praktik och effekter: Fyra verksamhetsansvariga vid Reggio Emilia inspirerade förskolor intervjuas om sin verksamhet2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna kvalitativa intervjustudie har som syfte att fånga innebörder i vad Reggio Emilia kan vara genom att intervjua fyra stycken verksamhetsansvariga inom Reggio Emilia inspirerade förskolor. Jag har använt mig av ett postmodernt och socialkonstruktionistiskt perspektiv samt ett poststrukturellt perspektiv för att belysa hur man ser på barn, lärande och verksamheten inom Reggio Emilia. I resultatet går det att konstatera att det finns stora variationer i hur de arbetar, men också vissa likheter. Anledningen till detta tycks vara att Reggio Emilia inte är en pedagogik med en metodbeskrivning utan en filosofi att inspireras av.

  • 33.
    Andersson, Tomas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Spiderman, Ironman samt en och annan hamster: Förskolebarns subjektskapande i actionlek2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats avser att utforska förskolebarns köns- och subjektskapande i och i förhållande till lekar med ett actiontema, som Superman, tjyv och polis och transformers. Genom deltagande observation har jag samlat empiri som jag med feministiskt poststrukturellt perspektiv och diskursanalys analyserat. Studien går i motstånd mot en uppfattning om dessa actionlekar som sprungna ur ett maskulint behov. Genom att titta på hur tecknet ”kille” kopplas ihop med andra tecken, visar studien hur actionlekarna istället går att förstå som en arena där ting och företeelser konstrueras som maskulina. Studien visar även att actionlekar kan förstås som subjektspositioner i vilka barnen interpelleras in i, snarare än som naturligt inneboende behov för pojkar. En motstridig läsning av actionlekarna gör gällande att dessa inte enbart går att förstå som våldsamma, utan även som odlande av relationer.

  • 34.
    Andréasson, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    ”Det blir nog bäst om du väljer själv!”: En studie om lärares tankar avseende elevers val och väljande.2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigates through five in depth interviews high-school teachers thoughts about students choices and selecting choices, what teachers believe shapes and affects students educational and occupational choices, and also, how these choices according to the teachers should go to. The underlying reasons for the topic and purpose of the study are based on reports done by The Swedish Schools Inspectorate (2013:5) showing that teachers find it difficult to integrate guiding interventions in the regular pedagogy, actions the Swedish Education Act say they has a responsibility to take on.

    The result in this study shows that teachers believe that students choices are formed in relation to the knowledge and information they obtain in different social contexts and in relationships with others close, like friends and parents. However, the teachers don’t believe that all students have an accurate picture of the reality, which can lead to wrong choices. Wrong choices are characterized by getting influenced by other close, like choosing as their friends, and or base their choices on inadequate knowledge about what pathways and occupations really contains and means. Students choices should be, according to the teachers, characterized by choosing in relation to their own abilities, interests and actual will, and especially be based on accurate knowledge about how the reality actually works. 

  • 35.
    Andrén, Karin
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Barns och ungas livsfrågor och ämnet livskunskap: Existentiella teman på BRIS Diskussionsforum2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom åren har jag haft många samtal med barn på lågstadiet om deras livsfrågor. De senaste åren har jag även som volontär på BRIS fått möjlighet att möta barns skilda tankar om livet och sin livssituation. I min uppsats undersöker jag hur barns existentiella frågor kan förstås och tolkas i relation till ”skolämnet” livskunskap, ett ämne med skiftande innehåll och utformning som idag återfinns på många skolor i Sverige. Mina forskningsfrågor behandlar innehåll i barns och ungas existentiella frågeställningar så som de kommer till uttryck i deras inlägg på BRIS Diskussionsforum. Vidare undersöker jag hur ämnet livskunskap beskrivs och diskuteras i tidigare forskning och slutligen gör jag en jämförelse mellan svaren på dessa båda första frågor när jag analyserar hur livsfrågorna, så som de framträder i mitt material, kan relateras till livskunskapsämnet.

    Påverkad av min förförståelse för barns och ungas förmågor att både tänka om och samtala om livsfrågor har jag valt en hermeneutiskt fenomenologisk forskningsansats i analys och tolkning av mitt datamaterial. Den hermeneutiskt fenomenologiska analysen bidrar till att skapa en fördjupad förståelse för varför barnens frågor är just livsfrågor. Med utgångspunkt i Max van Manens fyra ”existentials”, lived other, lived body, lived time och lived space, har jag sökt, och hittat, dessa teman i barnens texter. Varje livsvärldstema, varje ”existential” är en egen dimension men samtidigt påverkar och förstärker den de övriga. Hur fond, i form av tid och plats, och speglingar upplevs möjliggör den mening som skapas i de mänskliga relationerna.

    Jag har gjort en kortfattad forskningsöversikt av livskunskapsämnets innehåll och utformning. Val av såväl ämnesinnehåll som lektionsutformning tycks bottna i uppfattningar om att barn har brister i bland annat social och emotionell kompetens samt att dessa brister kan undervisas bort genom olika övningar och färdighetsträning. Det privata betonas och man utgår ofta från manualbaserade individinriktade program.

    Vid en jämförelse mellan de existentiella frågeställningar som väcks av barn och unga i mitt material och den bild som forskningen ger av livskunskapsämnet framstår det senare som påtagligt vuxenstyrt och utan att varken tematiken i barnens texter eller deras påtagliga emotionella och sociala kompetens beaktas eller ges utrymme.

  • 36.
    Anna, Åkerfeldt,
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Karlström, Petter
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Selander, Staffan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Ekenberg, Love
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
    Lärande i en digital miljö. Observation av 1:12013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Stockholms universitet fick 2009 i uppdrag av Nacka kommun, Förskola, Fritids & Skola att följa kommunens satsning på att sponsra kommunens skolor med bärbara datorer. En projektgrupp tillsattes och under 2009-2011 har gruppen genomfört olika datainsamlingar i Nacka kommuns skolor för att följa 1:1-satsningen (en dator per elev och lärare). I följande rapport kommer projektet att slutrapporteras. Vi kommer att presentera resultat från fyra delstudier; 1) videoobservationer från klassrumsmiljö, 2) fokusgruppssamtal med lärare och rektorer, 3) enkätundersökning med eleverna samt 4) system- och programanalys.

  • 37. Anrup, Roland
    et al.
    Fareld, Victoria
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Literature and History of Ideas, History of Ideas.
    Fornäs, Johan
    Frisk, Syliva
    Fur, Gunlög
    Ganetz, Hillevi
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Gender Studies.
    Gardell, Mattias
    Hedman Hvitfeldt, Maria
    Höghede, Erika
    Iordanoglou, Dimitrios
    Jalmert, Lars
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Johansen, Maria
    Jonsson, Stefan
    Josephson, Peter
    Karlsohn, Thomas
    Laikre, Linda
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology.
    Larsson, Åsa Bharathi
    Lorenzoni, Patricia
    Liedman, Sven-Eric
    Madison, Guy
    Manga, Edda
    Munthe, Christian
    Nilsson, Ulrika
    Nylin, Sören
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology.
    Olsson, Erik J.
    Peralta, Julia
    Persson, Mats
    Priebe, Gunilla
    Rider, Sharon
    Rooke, Tetz
    Rådström, Niklas
    Söderblom, Staffan
    Sörensen, Jens
    Tydén, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
    Zetterholm, Magnus
    Öberg, Johan
    Centrala universitetsvärden hotas av bolagiseringsidén2013In: Dagens nyheter, no 22 oktoberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Högskolestiftelser. Förslaget att driva svenska universitet i stiftelseform ­öppnar för bolagisering. Men det är ingen riktig utredning, utan en politisk pamflett utan ­eftertanke. Privatisering av universitet hotar både oberoendet, forskningskvaliteten och samhällsnyttan, skriver 36 forskare vid svenska högskolor och universitet.

  • 38.
    Antera, Sofia
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Adult educators' competences. The principals' view: A comparative study of Komvux and Folk high schools in Sweden2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the growing importance of lifelong learning, country examples of good practices are attracting more and more attention. Characterized by high participation rates and enjoying long tradition, the Swedish adult education is considered a thriving education system. Nevertheless, with regards to adult educators’ qualifications, low regulation is detected turning the Swedish case in an intriguing topic of investigation.

     

    In this context the current study attempts to explore the competences of adult educators. More specifically, it constitutes an effort to detect the most significant among them, by examining the perspective of adult education centers principals, actors with major influence in recruiting and further training adult educators.

     

    The study engages a qualitative approach, collecting data through semi-structured interviews with adult education centers principals. The findings are analyzed and compared based on predetermined units of comparison, consisting of municipal adult education centers (komvux) and folk high schools, two different types of education providers.

     

    On the basis of the findings of this research study, it can be concluded that the locus was on competences related to teamwork and organizational learning. On the other hand, teaching competences, especially in the form of formal qualifications were not prioritized or set in the center of discussion.

     

    Nevertheless, the lack of initial education programs specialized in adult learning affects the professionalization of adult educators in various unexplored ways and thus requires more research.

  • 39.
    Aras, Elizabet
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Early Opportunities for Quality Learning: A Comparative Study of Swedish Preschools' Language Practice2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish preschool is internationally known for its high quality. Children in Sweden are given early educational opportunities to learn and develop prior to their school start. The Swedish preschool activity should include an overall language developmental approach; however, studies show that the children's conditions for language instruction vary intra-nationally. While the Swedish preschool curriculum reflects on children's desire to learn, the preschool staff should be aware of their own practical theory in order to arrange for learning. Research show that early childhood education of high quality benefits children's future school results. Thus, this research aims at studying children's opportunities for quality learning and development in the Swedish preschool, by exploring the content of preschool teaching. The role of the preschool is to provide all children with an education of high quality. This study aims at investigating what quality can mean in terms of preschool language instruction. To generate an understanding of quality, the study focuses on the structure and process inputs in six public preschools and two municipalities. To provide insights about the preschools' practices, a qualitative approach has been used to conduct interviews with preschool heads and employees from education administrations, as well as questionnaires with preschool staff and observations of learning environments. As the quality inputs vary between the preschools and municipalities it affects the outputs of the children's language development. This research makes it evident that the outcomes are mainly dependent on the preschool staff's abilities and competences of implementing development.

  • 40.
    Arctaedius, Desirée
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Bedömning är ju betyg: En kritisk diskursanalytisk studie av gymnasieelevers samtal om bedömning2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study, But Assessment Equals Grades, is to understand how the phenomenon of assessment is constructed in conversations between secondary school pupils on the topics of assessment and rubrics. The analysis is based on the following research questions: What discourses about assessment emerge in pupils' talks about assessment and rubrics? How can these discourses be understood in relation to contradictory administrative and didactic purposes?

    The data collection was done through group discussions with pupils on study preparation programs at two secondary schools. The conversations have been transcribed and then analyzed using Norman Fairclough's critical discourse analysis model. Three discourses are examined through the survey: an administrative assessment discourse, a disciplinary assessment discourse and a pedagogical assessment discourse. In the administrative discourse, assessment is calculated as summative grades and as a selection tool for future studies. The disciplinary discourse of the assessment articulates the pupils' place within the school's institutional framework in the context of success in obtaining high marks, while the pedagogical assessment discourse represents the focus groups' reproduction of assessment for learning.

    The result of the study shows the hegemonic dominance of administrative and disciplinary discourses over the pedagogical assessment discourse. This is interpreted as an expression of the fact that several assessment traditions are executed in Swedish secondary schools and that an ideological market model, New Public Management, through an increasingly centralized performance management, affects school discursive practitioners, in this case the pupils' understanding of the phenomenon of assessment.

  • 41.
    Arenrot Hjälte, Matilda
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Johansson, Josefine
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    "Vägledare tenderar att bli väldigt neutrala": En studie om vilka förväntningar rektorer inom gymnasieskolan har på studie- och yrkesvägledares yrkesroll och uppdrag och hur de kan påverka detta genom sitt ledarskap.2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to highlight how principals can influence career counselors’ professional role and assignments in Upper Secondary School. A comparison of independent and municipal secondary schools has also been made and the differences can be demonstrated. We have gained a deeper understanding through a qualitative research method in the form of interviews. The study is based on 6 interviews with principals in a medium-sized city in central Sweden. The results show that principals don’t have the right conditions from the government, their principals or the principal education to understand the career counselors’ professional role and assignments. It also reveals that expectations on a career counselor are many and some are contradictory in comparison with theories, literature and previous research. This may be due to an unclear professional role, that the principals are not updated on the governing documents which are designed for the career counselors’ assignments and the principals do not use their leadership to clarify the career counselors’ position. It also reveals that municipal schools put more value in collaboration while principals in independent schools want their counselor to focus on more specific assignments related to career counseling. The result also indicates that some principals are dissatisfied with the professional role, they think that the career counselor is far too neutral and that the professional role needs to be evolved and updated.

                     

  • 42.
    Arizcurinaga, Horea
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Varför hälsar du inte?: En studie i några muslimers tankar inför första mötet med en vägledare2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study’s purpose is to find out how important cultural competence is for the guidance of people with multicultural backgrounds. I also want to illustrate that what is seen as normal in one culture may mean something different in another culture. The study will also in some extent explore culture clashes and its problems in the guidance context. The method used in the study is qualitative and the five respondents were all practicing Muslims. The theoretical point in the study is the constructivist. The thesis shows that the individuals compromise with their religious beliefs in order to meet their daily needs. A conclusion is that cultural competence is necessary, but also that the counselors approach proved to be of significant importance.

  • 43.
    Arsenio, Joshua
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Diversity and Democracy: Literature Selection and Its Assessment in IB English Classes: A Qualitative Case Study2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Literature selection and implementation for classes participating in the IB programmes of study face the difficulties of needing to provide a diversity of texts that fully engage a range of students. The texts are meant to meet broad goals of creating empathetic, global-minded thinkers who take responsibility not only for their own learning and apply that to the idea of responsible global citizenship. At the same time, students are meant to be prepared for success at local examinations, which at times challenges the very democratic, student centered principles promoted by the IB. Using the educational concepts of democracy, student-centered learning as a lens, this study found that teachers required a great deal of time and flexibility to analyze, update and maintain diverse literature lists that foster a variety of positive learning outcomes. It also found a need for students to be prioritized and have some level of impact on this process to be better communicated in order that they understood the full magnitude of their ability to affect the studied literature in specific, and that despite all efforts the contrast between student-centered, progressive principals in education and elitist practices in choosing literature was still an ongoing struggle.

  • 44.
    Arvola Orlander, Auli
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Mathematics and Science Education.
    Granath, Gunilla
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Bergdahl, Lovisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    "That is a very interesting question":  On answers and answerability in religions education, science studies and swedish.2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Aspán, Margareta
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Att sätta örat intill...Barns röster och vuxnas lyssnande inom värdepedagogiskt arbete i skolan2013In: Nu vill jag prata!: Barns röster i barnkulturen / [ed] Karin Helander, Stockholm: Stockholms universitets förlag, 2013, 36-67 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Aspán, Margareta
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Child and Youth Studies.
    Ståhle, Ylva
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Students’ Perspectives on Challenges in Teacher Education2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Avgeri, Elpida
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    The Gender-Influence Perspective in Educational Management and Leadership: A Comparative Study of Upper Secondary Women Principals in Thessaloniki, Greece and Stockholm, Sweden2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gender plays an important role in all facets of human life and although great strides have been made against the gender discrimination, still the progress is gradual and slow. More specifically, in the field of educational management and leadership women’s attempt to gain equal groundwork with men is quite evident but the former still face gender related barriers that hamper their progress. The current research focuses on investigating the role and perceptions of women principals in the field of educational management and leadership and on drawing comparisons between their role in upper secondary education in Greece and Sweden. Therefore, the investigation takes place in the municipality of Thessaloniki and Stockholm with female principals from upper secondary schools to take part in the study. Ten from each city respond to the questionnaire, which is specially designed in their native language. The present findings provide an insight about women’s motivation to become upper secondary school principals, the reasons for their under-representation, the variations in managerial qualities and styles as part of their feminine identity, the difficulties they face towards identifying a position and ways to augment their involvement in the field. Drawing on the evidence of the survey conducted in Thessaloniki, despite the great progress that has been achieved in Greece in the field of educational management and leadership in terms of gender, women are greatly under-represented in upper secondary school management positions and significantly face sociocultural constraints and discrimination in their career path. However, the results of the study in Stockholm disclose that women progressively possess the managerial field in education currently outnumbering their male superintendents.

  • 48.
    Axelsson, Emma
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Dela Cruz, Kleo
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Chef och anställdas upplevelser av ett individuellt prestationsbaserat lönesystem: Identifiering av upplevelser och utmaningar vid prestationsbaserat arbete på ett rekryteringsföretag2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate and identify perceptions, problems and challenges that may arise for wage-setting managers as well as individual employees when working with a performance-based payroll system. A letter of formal notice was sent to a recruitment company inviting them to participate in the study, which also included an explanation of the study’s purpose, approach and procedure. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews with nine participants, including the wage-setting manager. The study has given insight into how these participants perform in relation to the performance-based payroll system and the results of the study imply that their experiences vary to a great extent. The wage-setting manager believes that the payroll system is well-functioning. However, he finds challenges in creating a common interpretation of the salary criterias with his employees, as well as communicating the basis of his wage-setting decisions. For employees, results show that the payroll system contributes to experiences of increased motivation and development, as well as stress. Additionally, the study indicates that the results reflect a gender perspective as the women in the study are more prone to stress caused by the performance-based payroll system than men. 

  • 49.
    Axelsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Vardiero, Anna
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Den mjuka sidan av anställningsbarhet2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Anställningsbarhet är ett begrepp som blommat upp under slutet på 1900-talet. Att varaanställningsbar innebär att ha förmågan att få, behålla och vid behov skaffa sig ett nytt arbete.Det finns två faktorer som påverkar en individs anställningsbarhet, formell kompetens ochinformell kompetens. Vi har intervjuat sex rekryterare i Stockholms län med syftet att belysaderas syn på hur informell kompetens påverkar anställningsbarhet. Vi har ställt öppna frågorsom bland annat syftat till att ta reda på vad som gör en individ anställningsbar när den formellakompetensen är uppfylld samt hur viktigt informell kompetens är i förhållande till formellkompetens. Resultatet av undersökningen visar att det enligt de intervjuade rekryterarna framförallt finns tre typer av informell kompetens: (1) social kompetens, (2) inställning till arbetet och(3) personlighet. Resultatet visar även att informell kompetens i många fall är viktigare änformell kompetens. Vi har också identifierat två olika tekniker för att, i en anställningsintervju,bedöma den arbetssökandes informella kompetens, den reflekterande och den intutiva.

  • 50. Backström, Tomas
    et al.
    Johansson, Peter
    Döös, Marianne
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Hazy, James K
    Simulating the emergence of the organizing structures of work2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is a first step toward a visualization and classification system for studying dynamic organizing structures of work. As a first step toward this research objective, this study brings together two active projects. One called “relatonics” studies work group formation and is primarily empirical and inductive. The other called “Human Interaction Dynamics (HID)” imports concepts, relationships and modeling from complexity science and is therefore primarily theoretical and deductive. The vision is to use social media, data gathering, and process simulation technologies to rigorously describe, systematically visualize, and validly model the complex dynamics of work processes of different types. This work will serve as a means to classify, study and improve the performance of work systems. We describe our progress to data and suggest further research.

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