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  • 1. Alammar, Tarek
    et al.
    Hlova, Ihor Z.
    Gupta, Shalabh
    Biswas, Anis
    Ma, Tao
    Zhou, Lin
    Balema, Viktor
    Pecharsky, Vitalij K.
    Mudring, Anja-Verena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Iowa State University, USA.
    Mechanochemical synthesis, luminescent and magnetic properties of lanthanide benzene-1,4-dicarboxylate coordination polymers (Ln(0.5)Gd(0.5))(2) (1,4-BDC)(3)(H2O)(4); Ln = Sm, Eu, Tb2020In: New Journal of Chemistry, ISSN 1144-0546, E-ISSN 1369-9261, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 1054-1062Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mechanochemical reactions of benzene-1,4-dicarboxylate (BDC2-) and lanthanide carbonates, Ln(2)(CO3)(3)center dot xH(2)O (Ln = Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb) yield phase pure lanthanide coordination polymers, (Ln(0.5)Gd(0.5))(2)(1,4-BDC)(3)(H2O)(4) with Ln = Sm, Eu, Tb, which are isostructural with Tb-2(1,4-BDC)(3)(H2O)(4) as confirmed by powder X-ray diffraction and vibrational spectroscopy. Upon excitation with UV light all three compounds display strong emissions, characteristic for the respective optically active lanthanide ion, namely, red for Eu3+, green for Tb3+ and orange-red for Sm3+. In case of the Tb3+-containing compound, the energy difference between the triplet energy level of benzene-1,4-dicarboxylate ligand (BDC2-) allows for the most efficient BDC2--Tb3+ energy transfer. As a consequence, an intense green luminescence with rather long lifetime (0.81 ms) and high quantum yield (22%) is observed after allowed excitation of the BDC2- ligand. The compounds are paramagnetic with no onset of long range magnetic ordering down to liquid He temperatures.

  • 2. Liu, J.
    et al.
    Mudryk, Y.
    Smetana, Volodymyr
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Iowa State University, USA.
    Mudring, Anja-Verena
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Iowa State University, USA.
    Pecharsky, V. K.
    Anomalous effects of Sc substitution and processing on magnetism and structure of (Gd1-xScx)(5)Ge-42019In: Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, ISSN 0304-8853, E-ISSN 1873-4766, Vol. 474, p. 482-492Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The kinetic arrest observed in the parent Gd5Ge4 gradually vanishes when a small fraction (x = 0.025, 0.05 and 0.10) of Gd is replaced by Sc in (Gd1-xScx)(5)Ge-4, and the magnetic ground state changes from antiferromagnetic (AFM) to ferromagnetic (FM). A first order phase transition coupled with the FM-AFM transition occurs at T-C = 41 K for x = 0.05 and at T-C = 53 K for x = 0.10 during heating in applied magnetic field of 1 kOe, and the thermal hysteresis is near 10 K. The first-order magnetic transition is coupled with the structural Sm5Ge4-type to Gd5Si4-type transformation. The magnetization measured as a function of applied magnetic field shows sharp metamagnetic-like behavior. At the same time, the AFM to paramagnetic transition in (Gd1-xScx)(5)Ge-4 with x = 0.10, is uncharacteristically broad indicating development of strong short-range AFM correlations above the Ned temperature. Comparison of the magnetization data of bulk, powdered, and metal-varnish composite samples of (Gd0.95Sc0.05)(5)Ge-4 shows that mechanical grinding and fabrication of a composite have little effect on the temperature of the first-order transformation, but short-range ordering and AFM/FM ratio below T-C are surprisingly strongly affected.

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