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  • 1. Jokanovic, Natali
    et al.
    Kautiainen, Hannu
    Bell, J. Simon
    Tan, Edwin C. K.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI). Monash University, Australia; The University of Sydney, Australia.
    Pitkala, Kaisu H.
    Change in Prescribing forSecondary Prevention of Stroke and Coronary Heart Disease in Finnish Nursing Homes and Assisted Living Facilities2019In: Drugs & Aging, ISSN 1170-229X, E-ISSN 1179-1969, Vol. 36, no 6, p. 571-579Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    One quarter of residents in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) have a diagnosis of CHD or stroke and over half use at least one preventative cardiovascular medication. There have been no studies that have investigated the longitudinal change in secondary preventative cardiovascular medication use in residents in LTCFs over time.

    Objective

    The aim of this study was to investigate the change in cardiovascular medication use among residents with coronary heart disease (CHD) and prior stroke in nursing homes (NHs) and assisted living facilities (ALFs) in Finland over time, and whether this change differs according to dementia status.

    Methods

    Three comparable cross-sectional audits of cardiovascular medication use among residents aged 65years and over with CHD or prior stroke in NHs in 2003 and 2011 and ALFs in 2007 and 2011 were compared. Logistic regression analyses adjusted for gender, age, mobility, cancer and length of stay were performed to examine the effect of study year, dementia and their interaction on medication use.

    Results

    Cardiovascular medication use among residents with CHD (NHs: 89% vs 70%; ALFs: 89% vs 84%) and antithrombotic medication use among residents with stroke (NHs: 72% vs 63%; ALFs: 78% vs 69%) declined between 2003 and 2011 in NHs and 2007 and 2011 in ALFs. Decline in the use of diuretics, nitrates and digoxin were found in both groups and settings. Cardiovascular medication use among residents with CHD and dementia declined in NHs (88% [95% CI 85-91] in 2003 vs 70% [95% CI 64-75] in 2011) whereas there was no change among people without dementia. There was no change in cardiovascular medication use among residents with CHD in ALFs with or without dementia over time. Antithrombotic use was lower in residents with dementia compared with residents without dementia in NHs (p<0.001) and ALFs (p=0.026); however, the interaction between dementia diagnosis and time was non-significant.

    Conclusions

    The decline in cardiovascular medication use in residents with CHD and dementia suggests Finnish physicians are adopting a more conservative approach to the management of cardiovascular disease in the NH population.

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