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  • 1. Johansson, Renzo
    et al.
    Jonna, Venkateswara Rao
    Kumar, Rohit
    Nayeri, Niloofar
    Lundin, Daniel
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för biokemi och biofysik.
    Sjöberg, Britt-Marie
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för biokemi och biofysik.
    Hofer, Anders
    Logan, Derek T.
    Structural Mechanism of Allosteric Activity Regulation in a Ribonucleotide Reductase with Double ATP Cones2016Inngår i: Structure, ISSN 0969-2126, E-ISSN 1878-4186, Vol. 24, nr 6, s. 906-917Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Ribonucleotide reductases (RNRs) reduce ribonucleotides to deoxyribonucleotides. Their overall activity is stimulated by ATP and downregulated by dATP via a genetically mobile ATP cone domain mediating the formation of oligomeric complexes with varying quaternary structures. The crystal structure and solution X-ray scattering data of a novel dATP-induced homotetramer of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa class I RNR reveal the structural bases for its unique properties, namely one ATP cone that binds two dATP molecules and a second one that is non-functional, binding no nucleotides. Mutations in the observed tetramer interface ablate oligomerization and dATP-induced inhibition but not the ability to bind dATP. Sequence analysis shows that the novel type of ATP cone may be widespread in RNRs. The present study supports a scenario in which diverse mechanisms for allosteric activity regulation are gained and lost through acquisition and evolutionary erosion of different types of ATP cone.

  • 2.
    Yang, Fan
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för biokemi och biofysik.
    Wang, Huabing
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för biokemi och biofysik.
    Logan, Derek T.
    Mu, Xin
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för biokemi och biofysik.
    Danielsson, Jens
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för biokemi och biofysik.
    Oliveberg, Mikael
    Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för biokemi och biofysik.
    The Cost of Long Catalytic Loops in Folding and Stability of the ALS-Associated Protein SOD12018Inngår i: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 140, nr 48, s. 16570-16579Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A conspicuous feature of the amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)-associated protein SOD1 is that its maturation into a functional enzyme relies on local folding of two disordered loops into a catalytic subdomain. To drive the disorder-to-order transition, the protein employs a single Zn2+ ion. The question is then if the entropic penalty of maintaining such disordered loops in the immature apoSOD1 monomer is large enough to explain its unusually low stability, slow folding, and pathological aggregation in ALS. To find out, we determined the effects of systematically altering the SOD1-loop lengths by protein redesign. The results show that the loops destabilize the apoSOD1 monomer by similar to 3 kcal/mol, rendering the protein marginally stable and accounting for its aggregation behavior. Yet the effect on the global folding kinetics remains much smaller with a transition-state destabilization of <1 kcal/mol. Notably, this 1/3 transition-state to folded-state stability ratio provides a clear-cut example of the enigmatic disagreement between the Leffler alpha value from loop-length alterations (typically 1/3) and the standard reaction coordinates based on solvent perturbations (typically >2/3). Reconciling the issue, we demonstrate that the disagreement disappears when accounting for the progressive loop shortening that occurs along the folding pathway. The approach assumes a consistent Flory loop entropy scaling factor of c = 1.48 for both equilibrium and kinetic data and has the added benefit of verifying the tertiary interactions of the folding nucleus as determined by phi-value analysis. Thus, SOD1 not only represents a case where evolution of key catalytic function has come with the drawback of a destabilized apo state but also stands out as a well-suited model system for exploring the physicochemical details of protein self-organization.

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