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  • 1. Vos, Johanna M.
    et al.
    Biller, Beth A.
    Bonavita, Mariangela
    Eriksson, Simon
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy.
    Liu, Michael C.
    Best, William M. J.
    Metchev, Stanimir
    Radigan, Jacqueline
    Allers, Katelyn N.
    Janson, Markus
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy.
    Buenzli, Esther
    Dupuy, Trent J.
    Bonnefoy, Mickael
    Manjavacas, Elena
    Brandner, Wolfgang
    Crossfield, Ian
    Deacon, Niall
    Henning, Thomas
    Homeier, Derek
    Kopytova, Taisiya
    Schlieder, Joshua
    A search for variability in exoplanet analogues and low-gravity brown dwarfs2019In: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, ISSN 0035-8711, E-ISSN 1365-2966, Vol. 483, no 1, p. 480-502Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report the results of a J-band survey for photometric variability in a sample of young, low-gravity objects using the New Technology Telescope (NTT) and the United Kingdom Infrared Telescope (UKIRT). Surface gravity is a key parameter in the atmospheric properties of brown dwarfs and this is the first large survey that aims to test the gravity dependence of variability properties. We do a full analysis of the spectral signatures of youth and assess the group membership probability of each target using membership tools from the literature. This results in a 30 object sample of young low-gravity brown dwarfs. Since we are lacking in objects with spectral types later than L9, we focus our statistical analysis on the L0-L8.5 objects. We find that the variability occurrence rate of L0-L8.5 low-gravity brown dwarfs in this survey is 30(-8)(+16) per cent. We reanalyse the results of Radigan (2014) and find that the field dwarfs with spectral types L0-L8.5 have a variability occurrence rate of 11(-4)(+13) per cent. We determine a probability of 98 per cent that the samples are drawn from different distributions. This is the first quantitative indication that the low-gravity objects are more likely to be variable than the field dwarf population. Furthermore, we present follow-up J(S) and K-S observations of the young, planetary-mass variable object PSO 318.5-22 over three consecutive nights. We find no evidence of phase shifts between the J(S) and K-S bands and find higher J(S) amplitudes. We use the J(S) light curves to measure a rotational period of 8.45 +/- 0.05 h for PSO 318.5-22.

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