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  • 1.
    Aleksis, Rihards
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Carvalho, José P.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Jaworski, Aleksander
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Pell, Andrew J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Artefact-free broadband 2D NMR for separation of quadrupolar and paramagnetic shift interactions2019In: Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, ISSN 0926-2040, E-ISSN 1527-3326, Vol. 101, p. 51-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two new two-dimensional, broadband, solid-state NMR experiments for separating and correlating the quadrupolar and shift interactions of spin I = 1 nuclei in paramagnetic systems are proposed. The new pulse sequences incorporate the short, high-power adiabatic pulses (SHAPs) into the shifting d-echo experiment of Walder et al. [J. Chem. Phys., 142, 014201 (2015)], in two different ways, giving double and quadruple adiabatic shifting d-echo sequences. These new experiments have the advantage over previous methods of both suppressing spectral artefacts due to pulse imperfections, and exhibiting a broader excitation bandwidth. Both experiments are analysed with theoretical calculations and simulations, and are applied experimentally to the H-2 NMR of deuterated CuCl2 center dot 2H(2)O, and two deuterated samples of the ion conductor oxyhydride BaTiO3-xHy prepared using two different methods. For the CuCl2 center dot 2H(2)O sample, both new methods obtain very high-quality spectra from which the parameters describing the shift and quadrupolar interaction tensors, and their relative orientation, were extracted. The two BaTiO3-xHy samples exhibited different local hydride environments with different tensor parameters. The H-2 spectra of these oxyhydrides exhibit inhomogeneous broadening of the H-2 shifts, and so whilst the quadrupolar interaction parameters were easily extracted, the measurement of the shift parameters was more complex. However, effective shift parameters were extracted, which combine the effects of both the paramagnetic shift tensor and the inhomogeneous broadening.

  • 2. Eklöf-Österberg, Carin
    et al.
    Nedumkandathil, Reji
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Häussermann, Ulrich
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Jaworski, Aleksander
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Pell, Andrew J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Tyagi, Madhusudan
    Jalarvo, Niina H.
    Frick, Bernhard
    Faraone, Antonio
    Karlsson, Maths
    Dynamics of Hydride Ions in Metal Hydride-Reduced BaTiO3 Samples Investigated with Quasielastic Neutron Scattering2019In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 123, no 4, p. 2019-2030Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Perovskite-type oxyhydrides, BaTiO3-xHx, have been recently shown to exhibit hydride-ion (H-) conductivity at elevated temperatures, but the underlying mechanism of hydride-ion conduction and how it depends on temperature and oxygen vacancy concentration remains unclear. Here, we investigate, through the use of quasielastic neutron scattering techniques, the nature of the hydride-ion dynamics in three metal hydride-reduced BaTiO3 samples that are characterized by the simultaneous presence of hydride ions and oxygen vacancies. Measurements of elastic fixed window scans upon heating reveal the presence of quasielastic scattering due to hydride-ion dynamics for temperatures above ca. 200 K. Analyses of quasielastic spectra measured at low (225 and 250 K) and high (400-700 K) temperature show that the dynamics can be adequately described by established models of jump diffusion. At low temperature, <= 250 K, all of the models feature a characteristic jump distance of about 2.8 angstrom, thus of the order of the distance between neighboring oxygen atoms or oxygen vacancies of the perovskite lattice and a mean residence time between successive jumps of the order of 0.1 ns. At higher temperatures, >400 K, the jump distance increases to about 4 angstrom, thus of the order of the distance between next-nearest neighboring oxygen atoms or oxygen vacancies, with a mean residence time of the order of picoseconds. A diffusion constant D was computed from the data measured at low and high temperatures, respectively, and takes on values of about 0.4 X 10(-6) cm(-2) s(-1) at the lowest applied temperature of 225 K and between ca. 20 X 10(-6) and 100 X 10(-6) cm(-2) s(-1) at temperatures between 400 and 700 K. Activation energies E-a were derived from the measurements at high temperatures and take on values of about 0.1 eV and show a slight increase with increasing oxygen vacancy concentration.

  • 3.
    Iftekhar, Shahriar
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Physical Chemistry.
    Pahari, Bholanath
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Physical Chemistry.
    Okhotnikov, Kirill
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Physical Chemistry.
    Jaworski, Aleksander
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Physical Chemistry.
    Stevensson, Baltzar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Physical Chemistry.
    Grins, Jekabs
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Inorganic and Structural Chemistry.
    Eden, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Physical Chemistry.
    Properties and Structures of RE2O3-Al2O3-SiO2 (RE=Y, Lu) Glasses Probed by Molecular Dynamics Simulations and Solid-State NMR: The Roles of Aluminum and Rare-Earth Ions for Dictating the Microhardness2012In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 116, no 34, p. 18394-18406Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By combining molecular dynamics (MD) simulations with Si-29 and Al-27 magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, we present a comprehensive structural report on rare-earth (RE) aluminosilicate (AS) glasses of the RE2O3-Al2O3-SiO2 (RE = Y, Lu) systems, where the latter is studied for the first time. The structural variations stemming from changes in the glass composition within each RE system as well as the effects of the increased cation field-strength (CFS) of Lu3+ relative to Y3+-are explored and correlated to measured physical properties, such as density, molar volume, glass transition temperature, and Vickers hardness (H-V). Si-29 NMR reveals a pronounced network ordering for an increase in either the RE or Al content of the glass. Al mainly assumes tetrahedral coordination, but significant AlO5 and AlO6 populations are present in all structures, with elevated amounts in the Lu-bearing glasses compared to their Y analogues. The MD-derived oxygen speciation comprises up to 3% of free O2- ions, as well as non-negligible amounts (4-19%) of O-[3] coordinations (oxygen triclusters). While the SiO4 groups mainly accommodate the nonbridging oxygen ions, a significant fraction thereof is located at the AlO4 tetrahedra, in contrast to the scenario of analogous alkali- and alkaline-earth metal-based AS glasses. The average coordination numbers (CNs) of Al and RE progressively increase for decreasing Si content of the glass, with the average CN of the RE3+ ions depending linearly on both the amount of Si and the fraction of AlO5 groups in the structure. The Vickers hardness correlates strongly with the average CN of Al, in turn dictated by the CFS and content of the RE3+ ions. This is to our knowledge the first structural rationalization of the well-known compositional dependence of H-V in RE bearing AS glasses.

  • 4.
    Jaworski, Aleksander
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Structure of Rare-Earth Aluminosilicate Glasses Probed by Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy and Quantum Chemical Calculations2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aluminosilicate glasses incorporating rare earth elements feature highly beneficial physical and chemical properties, at the level beyond that accessible for compositions based on alkali and/or alkaline earth metals. Extraordinary hardness, high glass transition temperatures and indices of refraction, favorable coefficients of thermal expansion, as well as excellent chemical durability, result in many potential technological applications. However, in contrast to the systematically explored and commercially exploited aluminosilicate glasses that contain Na, K, and Ca elements, their rare earth counterparts were sparsely investigated, although exhibit several unique structural features.

    This thesis explored the short- and medium-range structural organization of glasses belonging to the ternary RE2O3—Al2O3—SiO2 systems, where RE denotes one of the trivalent and diamagnetic rare earth metal ions of scandium (Sc), yttrium (Y), lanthanum (La), and lutetium (Lu). Comprehensive multinuclear solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance studies complemented with atomistic molecular dynamics computer simulations and quantum chemical calculations provided detailed insight into local environments of the glass networkforming elements (Si, Al), oxygen species, as well as the rare earth ions, thereby offering a deeper understanding of the glass structure.

  • 5.
    Jaworski, Aleksander
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Charpentier, Thibault
    Stevensson, Baltzar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Edén, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Scandium and Yttrium Environments in Aluminosilicate Glasses Unveiled by Sc-45/Y-89 NMR Spectroscopy and DFT Calculations: What Structural Factors Dictate the Chemical Shifts?2017In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 121, no 34, p. 18815-18829Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aluminosilicate (AS) glasses incorporating rare-earth (RE) elements exhibit favorable mechanical and (magneto)optical properties that reflect their unusual structural Organization. Yet, experimental reports on the local RE3+ environments in AS glasses are very sparse. We examine the Y3+ and Sc3+ cations in Y2O3-Al2O3-SiO2 and Sc2O3-Al2O3-SiO2 glasses of variable RE/Al/Si contents by utilizing magic-angle spinning (MAS) Y-89 and Sc-45 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments coupled with density functional theory (DFT) calculations of Y-89/Sc-45 NMR chemical shifts. The DFT models reveal {Y-[p]} and {Sc-[p]} coordination numbers (p) spanning 5 <= p <= 8 and 4 <= p <= 7, respectively; with {Y-[6], Y-[7] and {Sc-[5], Sc-[6]} species dominating. Wide isotropic chemical shift ranges of 35-354 ppm (Y-89) and'48-208 ppm (Sc-45) are observed, as well as sizable shift'anisotropies up to approximate to 370 ppm and approximate to 250 ppm for Y-89 and Sc-45, respectively. Both the isotropic and anisotropic chemical shifts grow when the coordination number p is decreased for Y-89([p]) as well as Sc-45([p]). Second to the coordination number, we demonstrate that the Y-89/Sc-45 isotropic chemical shifts are mainly influenced by the RE/Al/Si constellation in the second coordination sphere of Y and Sc; where the shift tends to increase for emphasized contacts with neighboring RE and Al species at the expense of Si. These DFT-derived trends are corroborated by a progressive 89Y deshielding observed in MAS Y-89 NMR spectra for increasing Y and/or Al content of the glass. We also introduce heteronuclear MAS NMR experimentation involving the pairs of Y-89-Al-27 and Sc-45-Si-29 nuclides, utilized for probing the contacts between the Y3+/Sc3+ cations and the AS glass-network forming groups.

  • 6.
    Jaworski, Aleksander
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Physical Chemistry.
    Stevensson, Baltzar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Physical Chemistry.
    Edén, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Physical Chemistry.
    Direct O-17 NMR experimental evidence for Al-NBO bonds in Si-rich and highly polymerized aluminosilicate glasses2015In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 17, no 28, p. 18269-18272Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By using solid-state O-17 NMR spectroscopy, we provide the first direct experimental evidence for bonds between Al and non-bridging oxygen (NBO) ions in aluminosilicate glasses based on rare-earth (RE) elements, where RE = {Lu, Sc, Y}. The presence of similar to 10% Al-NBO moieties out of all NBO species holds regardless of the precise glass composition, at odds with the conventional structural view that Al-NBO bonds are absent in highly polymerized and Si-rich aluminosilicate glass networks.

  • 7.
    Jaworski, Aleksander
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Physical Chemistry.
    Stevensson, Baltzar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Physical Chemistry.
    Edén, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Physical Chemistry.
    Sc and Y Environments in Rare-Earth Aluminosilicate Glasses Unveiled by 45Sc and 89Y NMR Spectroscopy, MD Simulations, and DFT CalculationsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Jaworski, Aleksander
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Stevensson, Baltzar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Edén, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    The Bearings from Rare-Earth (RE = La, Lu, Sc, Y) Cations on the Oxygen Environments in Aluminosilicate Glasses: A Study by Solid State O-17 NMR, Molecular Dynamics Simulations, and DFT Calculations2016In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 120, no 24, p. 13181-13198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aluminosilicate (AS) glasses incorporating trivalent cations of rare-earth (RE) elements exhibit a significant structural disorder and manifest building blocks incommensurate with conventional glass structure models. We present a comprehensive experimental and computational study of the O speciations in RE2O3-Al2O3-SiO2 glasses with RE = {La3+, Y3+, Lu3+, Sc3+}, where the cations are ordered according to increasing field-strength. The coexisting O-17([p])-Sip-mAlm moieties were quantified by magic-angle-spinning (MAS) O-17 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments and atomistic molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Experimental O-17 quadrupolar products ((C) over bar (Qn)) and isotropic chemical shifts ((delta) over bar (iso)) agreed well with predictions from density functional theory with the projector augmented wave (PAW) and gauge including PAW approaches, respectively. We highlight an observed strong influence of both {(delta) over bar (iso), (C) over bar (Qn)} NMR parameters on the average number of O-17([p])-RE3+ contacts ((q) over bar) and establish simple correlations between g and each of Sisc, and CQ, that encompass mA.1, moieties with 1 < p < 3. The quadrupolar product of each O-[p]-Sip-mAlm motif depends linearly on the all fractional ionicity of,the bonds to the 170 site, which is readily calculated from the parameter set {m, p, (q) over bar} with (q) over bar extracted from the MD-generated glass models. We rationalize and discuss the stability of each O[p]-Sip-mAlm moiety using bond valence sums evaluated on the MD-derived RE AS glass models: all comprise non-negligible populations of unconventional 0 species, such as free O2- ions (O-[0] coordinations), and oxygen triclusters (O-[3]-SiAl2 and O-[3]-Al-3). The triclusters preferentially connect high-coordination Al-[5]/Al-[6] species via edge-sharing, where the participation in corner or edge shared polyhedra is reflected in the {(delta) over bar (iso), (C) over bar (Qn)} O-17 NMR parameters.

  • 9.
    Jaworski, Aleksander
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Physical Chemistry.
    Stevensson, Baltzar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Physical Chemistry.
    Edén, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Physical Chemistry.
    The Bearings from Rare-Earth (RE=La, Lu, Sc, Y) Cations on the Oxygen Environments in Aluminosilicate Glasses: A Study by Solid-State 17O NMR, Molecular Dynamics Simulations and DFT CalculationsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Jaworski, Aleksander
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Physical Chemistry.
    Stevensson, Baltzar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Physical Chemistry.
    Pahari, Bholanath
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Physical Chemistry.
    Okhotnikov, Kirill
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Physical Chemistry.
    Eden, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK), Physical Chemistry.
    Local structures and al/si ordering in lanthanum aluminosilicate glasses explored by advanced al 27 nmr experiments and molecular dynamics simulations2012In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 14, no 45, p. 15866-15878Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The structures of 15 La-Al-Si-O glasses, whose compositions span 11-28 mol% La2O3, 11-30 mol% Al2O3, and 45-78 mol% SiO2, are explored over both short and intermediate length-scales by using a combination of solid-state Al-27 magic-angle spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. MAS NMR reveals Al speciations dominated by AlO4 groups, with minor but significant fractions of AlO5 (5-10%) and AlO6 (less than or similar to 3%) polyhedra present in all La2O3-Al2O3-SiO2 glasses; the amounts of Al-[5] and Al-[6] coordinations increase for decreasing molar fraction of Si. The MD simulations reproduce this compositional trend, with the fractional populations of AlOp groups (p = 4, 5, 6) according well with the experimental results. The modeled La speciations mainly involve LaO6 and LaO7 polyhedra, giving a range of average La3+ coordination numbers between 6.0 and 6.6; the latter increases slightly for decreasing Si content of the sample. Besides the expected bridging and non-bridging O species, minor contributions of oxygen triclusters (<= 9%) and free O-2(-) ions (<= 4%) are observed in all MD data. The glass structures exhibit a pronounced Al/Si disorder; the MD simulations reveal essentially random SiO4-SiO4, SiO4-AlOp and AlOp-AlOq (p, q = 4, 5, 6) associations, including significant amounts of AlO4-AlO4 contacts, regardless of the n(Al)/n(Si) molar ratio of the glass. The strong violation of Al-[4]-Al-[4] avoidance is verified by 2D Al-27 NMR experimentation that correlates double-quantum and single-quantum coherences, here applied for the first time to aluminosilicate glasses, and evidencing AlOp-AlOq connectivities dominated by AlO4-AlO4 and AlO4-AlO5 pairs. The potential bearings from distinct fictive temperatures of the experimental and modeled glass structures are discussed.

  • 11.
    Mitoudi-Vagourdi, Eleni
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Papawassiliou, Wassilios
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Müllner, Silvia
    Jaworski, Aleksander
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Pell, Andrew J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Lemmens, Peter
    Kremer, Reinhard K.
    Johnsson, Mats
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Synthesis and Physical Properties of the Oxofluoride Cu-2(SeO3)F-22018In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 57, no 8, p. 4640-4648Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Single crystals of the new compound Cu-2(SeO3)F-2 were successfully synthesized via a hydrothermal method, and the crystal structure was determined from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data. The compound crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pnma with the unit cell parameters a = 7.066(4) (A) over circle, b = 9.590(4) (A) over circle, and c = 5.563(3) (A) over circle. Cu-2(SeO3)F-2 is isostructural with the previously described compounds Co2TeO3F2 and CoSeO3F2. The crystal structure comprises a framework of corner- and edge-sharing distorted [CuO3F3] octahedra, within which [SeO3] trigonal pyramids are present in voids and are connected to [CuO3F3] octahedra by corner sharing. The presence of a single local environment in both the F-19 and Se-77 solid-state MAS NMR spectra supports the hypothesis that O and F do not mix at the same crystallographic positions. Also the specific phonon modes observed with Raman scattering support the coordination around the cations. At high temperatures the magnetic susceptibility follows the Curie-Weiss law with Curie temperature of Theta = -173(2) K and an effective magnetic moment of mu(eff) similar to 2.2 mu(B). Antiferromagnetic ordering below similar to 44 K is indicated by a peak in the magnetic susceptibility. A second though smaller peak at similar to 16 K is tentatively ascribed to a magnetic reorientation transition. Both transitions are also confirmed by heat capacity measurements. Raman scattering experiments propose a structural phase instability in the temperature range 6-50 K based on phonon anomalies. Further changes in the Raman shift of modes at similar to 46 K and similar to 16 K arise from transitions of the magnetic lattice in accordance with the susceptibility and heat capacity measurements.

  • 12.
    Nedumkandathil, Reji
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Jaworski, Aleksander
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Fischer, Andreas
    Österberg, Carin
    Lin, Yuan-Chih
    Karlsson, Maths
    Grins, Jekabs
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Pell, Andrew J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Edén, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Häussermann, Ulrich
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Investigation of the Order–Disorder Rotator Phase Transition in KSiH3 and RbSiH32017In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 121, no 9, p. 5241-5252Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The β–α (order–disorder) transition in the silanides ASiH3 (A = K, Rb) was investigated by multiple techniques, including neutron powder diffraction (NPD, on the corresponding deuterides), Raman spectroscopy, heat capacity (Cp), solid-state 2H NMR spectroscopy, and quasi-elastic neutron scattering (QENS). The crystal structure of α-ASiH3 corresponds to a NaCl-type arrangement of alkali metal ions and randomly oriented, pyramidal, SiH3 moieties. At temperatures below 200 K ASiH3 exist as hydrogen-ordered (β) forms. Upon heating the transition occurs at 279(3) and 300(3) K for RbSiH3 and KSiH3, respectively. The transition is accompanied by a large molar volume increase of about 14%. The Cp(T) behavior is characteristic of a rotator phase transition by increasing anomalously above 120 K and displaying a discontinuous drop at the transition temperature. Pronounced anharmonicity above 200 K, mirroring the breakdown of constraints on SiH3 rotation, is also seen in the evolution of atomic displacement parameters and the broadening and eventual disappearance of libration modes in the Raman spectra. In α-ASiH3, the SiH3 anions undergo rotational diffusion with average relaxation times of 0.2–0.3 ps between successive H jumps. The first-order reconstructive phase transition is characterized by a large hysteresis (20–40 K). 2H NMR revealed that the α-form can coexist, presumably as 2–4 nm (sub-Bragg) sized domains, with the β-phase below the phase transition temperatures established from Cp measurements. The reorientational mobility of H atoms in undercooled α-phase is reduced, with relaxation times on the order of picoseconds. The occurrence of rotator phases α-ASiH3 near room temperature and the presence of dynamical disorder even in the low-temperature β-phases imply that SiH3 ions are only weakly coordinated in an environment of A+ cations. The orientational flexibility of SiH3 can be attributed to the simultaneous presence of a lone pair and (weakly) hydridic hydrogen ligands, leading to an ambidentate coordination behavior toward metal cations.

  • 13.
    Nedumkandathil, Reji
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Jaworski, Aleksander
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Grins, Jekabs
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bernin, Diana
    Karlsson, Maths
    Eklof-Österberg, Carin
    Neagu, Alexandra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Tai, Cheuk-Wai
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Pell, Andrew J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Häussermann, Ulrich
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Hydride Reduction of BaTiO3 - Oxyhydride Versus O Vacancy Formation2018In: Acs Omega, ISSN 2470-1343, Vol. 3, no 9, p. 11426-11438Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigated the hydride reduction of tetragonal BaTiO3 using the metal hydrides CaH2, NaH, MgH2, NaBH4, and NaAlH4. The reactions employed molar BaTiO3/H ratios of up to 1.8 and temperatures near 600 degrees C. The air-stable reduced products were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), transmission electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and H-1 magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR spectroscopy. PXRD showed the formation of cubic products-indicative of the formation of BaTiO3-xHx. except for NaH. Lattice parameters were in a range between 4.005 angstrom (for NaBH4-reduced samples) and 4.033 A (for MgH2-reduced samples). With increasing H/BaTiO3 ratio, CaH2-, NaAlH4-, and MgH2-reduced samples were afforded as two-phase mixtures. TGA in air flow showed significant weight increases of up to 3.5% for reduced BaTiO3, suggesting that metal hydride reduction yielded oxyhydrides BaTiO3-xHx with x values larger than 0.5. H-1 MAS NMR spectroscopy, however, revealed rather low concentrations of H and thus a simultaneous presence of O vacancies in reduced BaTiO3. It has to be concluded that hydride reduction of BaTiO3 yields complex disordered materials BaTiO3-xHy square((x-y)) with x up to 0.6 and y in a range 0.04-0.25, rather than homogeneous solid solutions BaTiO3-xHx. Resonances of (hydridic) H substituting O in the cubic perovskite structure appear in the -2 to -60 ppm spectral region. The large range of negative chemical shifts and breadth of the signals signifies metallic conductivity and structural disorder in BaTiO3-xHy square((x-y)). Sintering of BaTiO3-xHy square((x-y)) in a gaseous H-2 atmosphere resulted in more ordered materials, as indicated by considerably sharper H-1 resonances.

  • 14.
    Nedumkandathil, Reji
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Jaworski, Aleksander
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Grins, Jekabs
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bernin, Diana
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Karlsson, Maths
    Österberg, Carin
    Neagu, Alexandra
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Tai, Cheuk-Wai
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Pell, Andrew J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Häussermann, Ulrich
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Hydride Reduction of BaTiO3 – Oxyhydride vs O-Vacancy FormationManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigated the hydride reduction of tetragonal BaTiO3 using the metal hydrides CaH2, NaH, MgH2, NaBH4 and NaAlH4. The reactions employed molar BaTiO3:H ratios of up to 1.8 and temperatures near 600 °C. The air stable reduced products were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), transmission electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and solid-state 1H NMR spectroscopy. PXRD showed the formation of cubic products - indicative of the formation of BaTiO3-xHx - except for NaH. Lattice parameters were in a range between 4.005 Å (for NaBH4 reduces samples) and 4.033 Å (for MgH2 reduced samples). With increasing BaTiO3:H ratio, CaH2, NaAlH4 and MgH2 reduced samples were afforded as two-phase mixtures. TGA in air flow showed significant weight increase of up to 3.5 % for reduced BaTiO3, suggesting that metal hydride reduction yielded oxyhydrides BaTiO3-xHx with x values larger 0.5. 1H NMR, however, revealed rather low concentrations of H, and, thus a simultaneous presence of O vacancies in reduced BaTiO3. It has to be concluded that hydride reduction of BaTiO3 yields complex disordered materials BaTiO3-xHy(x-y) with x up to 0.6, y in a range 0.05 – 0.2 and (x-y) > y, rather than homogeneous solid solutions BaTiO3Hx. Resonances of (hydridic) H substituting O in the cubic perovskite structure appear in the -2 to -60 ppm spectral region. The large range of chemical shifts and breadth of the signals signifies the structural disorder in BaTiO3-xHy(x-y). Sintering of BaTiO3-xHy(x-y) in a gaseous H2 atmosphere resulted in more ordered materials as indicated by considerably sharper 1H resonances.

  • 15.
    Pahari, Bholanath
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Iftekhar, Shahriar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Jaworski, Aleksander
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Okhotnikov, Kirill
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Jansson, Kjell
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Stevensson, Baltzar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Grins, Jekabs
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Edén, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Composition-property-structure correlations of scandium aluminosilicate glasses revealed by multinuclear 45Sc, 27Al and 29Si solid-state NMR2012In: Journal of The American Ceramic Society, ISSN 0002-7820, E-ISSN 1551-2916, Vol. 95, no 8, p. 2545-1553Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many features of aluminosilicate glasses incorporating a rare-earth (RE) ion are dictated by its mass and cation field strength (CFS). ScAlSiO glasses are interesting because Sc3+ exhibits the highest CFS but the lowest mass of all RE3+ ions. We explore relationships between the glass composition and several physical properties, such as density, glass-transition temperature (Tg), Vickers hardness, and refractive index, over the glass forming region of the ternary Sc2O3Al2O3SiO2 system. The glasses exhibit uniform and unexpectedly low Tg-values (similar to 875 degrees C), but a high microhardness (approximate to 9.3 GPa) that correlates with the Sc2O3 content. 29Si magic-angle spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy shows enhanced deshielding and a minor glass-network ordering as either the Al or Sc content of the glass increases. 27Al MAS NMR reveals that besides the expected AlO4 tetrahedra, substantial amounts of AlO5 (31%35%) and AlO6 (approximate to 5%) polyhedra are present in all ScAlSiO glass structures. 45Sc isotropic chemical shifts (similar to 92 ppm) derived from MAS and 3QMAS (triple-quantum MAS) NMR experiments are consistent with ScO6 environments.

  • 16.
    Rzepka, Przemyslaw
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Pell, Andrew
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Jaworski, Aleksander
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    The Nature of Chemisorbed CO2 in Zeolite AIn: Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Rzepka, Przemyslaw
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Bacsik, Zoltan
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Pell, Andrew J.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hedin, Niklas
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Jaworski, Aleksander
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Nature of Chemisorbed CO2 in Zeolite A2019In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 123, no 35, p. 21497-21503Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Formation of CO32- and HCO3- species without the participation of the framework-bridging oxygen atoms (-O-) upon chemisorption of CO2 in zeolite vertical bar Na-12 vertical bar-A is revealed. The transfer of O and H atoms is very likely to have proceeded via the involvement of residual H2O or -OH groups. A combined study by the solid-state H-1 and C-13 MAS NMR, quantum chemical calculations, and in situ infrared spectroscopy showed that the chemisorption mainly occurred by the formation of HCO3-. However, at a low surface coverage of physisorbed and acidic CO2, a significant fraction of HCO3- was deprotonated and transformed into CO32-. We expect that a similar chemisorption of CO2 would occur for low-silica zeolites and other basic silicates of interest for capture of CO2 from the gas mixtures.

  • 18.
    Samain, Louise
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Jaworski, Aleksander
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Edén, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Ladd, Danielle M.
    Seo, Dong-Kyun
    Javier Garcia-Garcia, F.
    Häussermann, Ulrich
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Structural analysis of highly porous gamma-Al2O32014In: Journal of Solid State Chemistry, ISSN 0022-4596, E-ISSN 1095-726X, Vol. 217, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two highly porous gamma-aluminas, a commercial catalyst obtained from the calcination of boehmite and a highly mesoporous product obtained from amorphous aluminum (oxy)hydroxide via a sol-gel-based process were investigated by Al-27 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and atomic pair distribution function (PDF) analysis of synchrotron powder diffraction data. NMR data showed for both materials a distribution of tetrahedrally and octahedrally coordinated Al at a 0.30:0.70 ratio, which is typical for gamma-aluminas. TEM studies revealed that rod-shaped particles with about 5 nm in thickness are the building blocks of the porous structure in both materials. These particles often extend to a length of 50 nm in the commercial catalyst and are considerably shorter in the sol-gel-based material, which has a higher surface area. Refinement of PDFs revealed the presence of a similar to 1 nm scale local structure and the validity of a tetragonal average structure for both materials. This tetragonal average structure contains a substantial fraction of non-spinel octahedral Al atoms. It is argued that the presence of local structure is a general feature of gamma-alumina, independent of precursor and synthesis conditions. The concentration of non-spinel Al atoms seems to correlate with surface properties, and increases with increasing pore size/surface area. This should have implications to the catalytic properties of porous gamma-alumina.

  • 19.
    Stevensson, Baltzar
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Jaworski, Aleksander
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    Edén, Mattias
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
    The structural roles of Sc and Y in aluminosilicate glasses probed by molecular dynamics simulations2017In: Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, ISSN 0022-3093, E-ISSN 1873-4812, Vol. 460, p. 36-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The incorporation of rare-earth (RE) elements into an aluminosilicate (AS) glass generally enhances its optical and mechanical properties. Atomistic molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were employed for probing the coordinations of Y3+ and Sc3+ in Y2O3-Al2O3-SiO2 and Sc2O3-Al2O3-SiO2 glasses of variable Si, Al, and RE contents. YO6 and ScO5 polyhedra are the most abundant RE species. We explore the trends in the distributions of the various (non)bridging oxygen species and Si/Al/RE cations in the first and second RE coordination spheres, respectively. The lowest REM and R051 coordinations of both Y and Sc exhibit a strong preference for coordinating non-bridging 0 species, which gradually relaxes for increasing coordination number p. Clear deviations from a statistical Si/AI/RE distribution around the REOp polyhedra is observed, with preferences for RE-RE contacts relative to RE-Al and (notably) RE-Si. The extents of RE-RE associations are similar for Y and Sc and grow slightly for increasing Si content and/or glass network polymerization. The propensity for RE-Al contacts becomes emphasized in the Sc AS glasses, mainly at the expense of Sc-Si. The YOp and ScOp polyhedra connect to their Si/Al/RE neighbors primarily by sharing corners, but a significant extent of edge-sharing is also observed, which increases both with the RE1PI coordination number, and along the series Si < Al-[4] < Al-[5]/Al-[6] approximate to RE of neighbors.

1 - 19 of 19
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