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  • 1.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    A reasonable cost?:  On politics, dubious calculations and involuntary consumers2010In: Nordisk Alkohol- og narkotikatidsskrift (NAT), ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Nordic studies on alcohol and drugs, Vol. 27, p. 335-337Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Den evidensbaserade praktikens gränser – om konsekvenserna av ”the Dodo bird verdict”2009In: Alkohol och Droger – samhällsvetenskapliga perspektiv. / [ed] Hübner, L. & Billinger K., Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Den vetenskapliga grunden för psykosocial missbruksbehandling2010In: Socionomens forskningssupplement, no 28, p. 20-27Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Drug misuse - psychosocial interventions2009In: Addiction, ISSN 0965-2140, E-ISSN 1360-0443, ISSN 0965-2140, Vol. 104, no 4, p. 676-677Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Interpretation of the outcome of the COMBINE study2008In: Addiction, Vol. 103, no 5, p. 710-710Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Koloss på lerfötter?:  Svagt empiriskt stöd för Missbruksutredningens förslag (SOU 2011:35)2011In: Nordisk Alkohol- og narkotikatidsskrift (NAT), ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 393-396Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Medikalisering som evidensbasering – om nedmonteringen av ett socialt perspektiv på missbruksproblem.2014In: Tre decennier med socialtänstlagen / [ed] Ulla Pettersson, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2014, 1Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Mindfulness training: specific intervention or psychological panacea?2010In: Addiction, ISSN 0965-2140, E-ISSN 1360-0443, Vol. 105, no 10, p. 1708-1709Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
     Mécanismes d’action spécifiques et généraux des triatements2011In: Le Papier de verre, Vol. 25, p. 45-52Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Om evidensbasering, kunskapsöversikter och psykosociala mekanismer2008In: Forskningsmetodik för socialvetare, Natur & Kultur, Stockholm , 2008, p. 203-219Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Om medikaliseringen av svensk missbrukarvård2013In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 20, p. 232-242Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    On the idea of treatment systems2010In: Nordisk Alkohol- og narkotikatidsskrift (NAT), ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 27, no 6, p. 565-573Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    On treatment mechanisms – what can we learn from the COMBINE study?2008In: Addiction, Vol. 103, no 5, p. 703-705Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Specific and contextual treatment mechanisms2008In: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 285-293Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    The role of psychopathology as motivator for drug dependency—some moderating remarks2013In: Addiction, ISSN 0965-2140, E-ISSN 1360-0443, Vol. 108, no 4, p. 673-674Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Topiramate and the question of dosage2009In: Addiction, Vol. 104, no 10, p. 1767-1768Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    'Treating cannabis use disorders: perspectives and best practices2008In: A cannabis reader: global issues and local experiences, EMCDDA, Lisbon , 2008, p. 205-215Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Bergmark, Åke
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Evidensbaserat socialt arbete.: Teori, kritik, praktik2011Book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Bergmark, Åke
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    The mismatch between the map and the terrain: Evidence based practice in Sweden2012In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 596-607Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we will give an account of the introduction of evidence-based practice (EBP) in Swedish social work. The Swedish development may serve as an example of what happens when the process is driven by bureaucracy with a strong public funding/back-up rather than by the academy. This is not to say that the Swedish case is unique, but rather that problems and controversies that are well established on the international arena are in Sweden framed in a very particular context. The most far reaching efforts to implement EBP in Swedish social work have been carried out by central bureaucracy. The introduction of EBP may be depicted as a top-down guideline project, with randomized controlled trials as the gold standard. Shortage of evidence paired with political pressure to implement EBP has to a certain extent also brought about dissolution of the basic concept. The article concludes with an elaborated assessment of how current conceptions of EBP relates to professional and contextual conditions of Swedish social work practice. We also address the issue of how to establish what adequate and valid evidence is by suggesting an approach that deviates from predominant evidence hierarchies and polarized extremes.

  • 20. Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Att studera rörliga mål. Om villkoren för evidens och kunskapsproduktion i socialt arbete2007In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 77-82Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Divergent perspectives on the Dodo bird? A comment to Mullen, Shuluk and Soydan2012In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 54-55Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Evidensbaserad praktik i svenskt socialt arbete.: Om ett programs mottagande, förändringar och möjligheter i en ny omgivning.2011In: Evidensens många ansikten: Evidensbaserad praktik i praktiken / [ed] Bohlin, I. & Sager, M., lund: Arkiv , 2011Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Evidensfrågan och socialtjänsten - om socialarbetares inställning till en vetenskapligt grundad praktik2008In: Socionomen: Socionomens forskningssupplement, no 3, p. 5-14Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Konflikt, kontroll, evidens: om forskningsanvändning 20 år senare2009In: Den berusade båten: En vänbok till Sune Sunesson / [ed] Eliasson-Lappalainen, R, Meeuwisse, A & Panican, A, Lund: Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2009Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Mot en evidensbaserad praktik? Om färdriktningen i socialt arbete2006In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, Vol. 13, p. 99-113Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Socialstyrelsen, dronten och den evidensbaseradepraktiken2011In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, no 3, p. 244-251Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Svaga argument gentemot Drontens dom - Ett svar till Knut Sundell2012In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 49-51Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Oscarsson, Lars
    Om legitimitet och etik inom missbruksvården2009In: Etik och socialtjänst: om förutsättningarna för det sociala arbetets etik / [ed] Ulla Pettersson, Stockholm: Gothia , 2009, 3Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 29.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Skogens, Lisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    von Greiff, Ninive
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    The pursuit of evidence-based practice - a comparison of three guidelines on psychosocial interventions for alcohol problems2014In: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 271-288Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims

    In this article we scrutinise three prominent guidelines on psychosocial interventions for alcohol problems. We pay special attention to how congruent the guidelines are in terms of the interventions recommended, and the processes used in order to identify and rank the “evidence” underpinning these recommendations.

    Data

    The analysed guidelines are: 1) Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients with Substance Use Disorders, American Psychiatric Association (2006); 2) Alcohol-Use Disorders. The NICE Guideline on Diagnosis, Assessment and Management of Harmful Drinking and Alcohol Dependence (2011), National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health, UK; 3) Guidelines for the Treatment of Alcohol Problems, Australian Government, Department of Health and Ageing (2009). The purpose is not to review the three guidelines as such, but to study them as an example of the production of evidence. All report to be based on “best available evidence”, so the guidelines were compared both regarding the actual recommendations and the guideline production procedures and differences in these procedures with related consequences.

    Results & CONCLUSIONS

    Prestigious organisations in different national contexts have reached divergent conclusions about evidence-based practice and the quality of the scientific studies underpinning these conclusions. Differences in the guidelines regarding interpretations, limitations and grading illustrate the difficulties with the dilemmas of sensitivity (to include factors that are significant for how a psychological intervention is to be judged) and specificity (that irrelevant studies are cleared off) in the recommendations presented.

  • 30.
    Bergmark, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    The diffusion of addiction to the field of MMORPGs2009In: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 415-426Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Bergmark, Karin H
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Findahl, Olle
    Extensive Internet Involvement-Addiction or Emerging Lifestyle2011In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 8, no 12, p. 4488-4501Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the discussions for the future DSM-5, the Substance-Related Disorders Work Group has been addressing “addiction-like” behavioral disorders such as “Internet addiction” to possibly be considered as potential additions for the diagnostic system. Most research aiming to specify and define the concept of Internet addiction (or: Excessive/Compulsive/Problematic Internet Use—PIU), takes its point of departure in conventional terminology for addiction, based in established DSM indicators. Still, it is obvious that the divide between characteristics of addiction and dimensions of new lifestyles built on technological progress is problematic and far from unambiguous. Some of these research areas are developing from the neurobiological doctrine of addiction as not being tied to specific substances. The concept of “behavioral addictions”, based on biological mechanisms such as the reward systems of the brain, has been launched. The problems connected to this development are in this study discussed and reflected with data from a Swedish survey on Internet use (n = 1,147). Most Swedes (85%) do use the Internet to some degree. The prevalence of excessive use parallels other similar countries. Respondents in our study spend (mean value) 9.8 hours per week online at home, only 5 percent spend more than 30 hours per week. There are both positive and negative social effects at hand. Many respondents have more social contacts due to the use of Internet, but there is a decline in face-to-face contacts. About 40% of the respondents indicate some experience of at least one problem related to Internet use, but only 1.8% marked the presence of all problems addressed. Most significant predictors for problem indicators, except for age, relate to “time” and time consuming activities such as gaming, other activities online or computer skills.

  • 32.
    Bergmark, Karin H
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Finndahl, Olle
    Extensive Internet Involvement - Addiction or Emerging Lifestyle?2012In: Substance and Behavioral Addictions: Co-occurrence and Specificity / [ed] Steve Sussman, Basel, Schweiz: MDPI AG , 2012, p. 89-102Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Bergmark, Karin H.
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Stensson, Einar
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Internet Addiction: The Making of a New Addiction2016In: Jacobs Journal of Addiction and Therapy, ISSN 2376-8983, Vol. 3, no 1, article id 022Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The body of Internet addiction research articles has grown rapidly during the last years. Critics claim that the bulk of this research is more confirmatory than scrutinizing, in spite of weak evidence for the label of addiction. A study on excessive Internet use in Sweden has been cited repeatedly in Internet addiction studies. The present study takes a closer look at these citations and combines the presentation with a systematic review of methods and theoretical approaches in Internet addiction studies, published between January 2000 and July 2013.

  • 34.
    Karlsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Compared with what? An analysis of control group typies in Cochrane and Campbell reviews of psychosocial treatment efficacy with substance use disorders2015In: Addiction, ISSN 0965-2140, E-ISSN 1360-0443, Vol. 110, no 3, p. 420-428Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and Aims

    A crucial, but under-appreciated, aspect in experimental research on psychosocial treatments of substance use disorders concerns what kinds of control groups are used. This paper examines how the distinction between different control group designs has been handled by the Cochrane and the Campbell Collaborations in their systematic reviews of psychosocial treatments of substance abuse disorders.

    Methods

    We assessed Cochrane and Campbell reviews (n = 8) that were devoted to psychosocial treatments of substance use disorders. We noted what control groups were considered and analysed the extent to which the reviews provided a rationale for chosen comparison conditions. We also analysed whether type of control group in the primary studies influenced how the reviews framed the effects discussed and whether this was related to conclusions drawn.

    Results

    The reviews covered studies involving widely different control conditions. Overall, little attention was paid to the use of different control groups (e.g. head-to-head comparisons vs. untreated controls) and what this implies when interpreting effect sizes. Seven of eight reviews did not provide a rationale for the choice of comparison conditions.

    Conclusions

    Cochrane- and Campbell reviews of the efficacy of psychosocial interventions with substance use disorders seem to underappreciate that use of different control group types yields different effect estimates. Most reviews have not distinguished between different control group designs and therefore have provided a confused picture regarding absolute and relative treatment efficacy. A systematic approach to treating different control group designs in research reviews is necessary for meaningful estimates of treatment efficacy.

  • 35.
    Karlsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Evidence-based practice - anything goes?2012In: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 281-282Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Karlsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nya grepp i preventionsarbetet?: En granskning av Alkoholkommitténs och Mobilisering mot Narkotikas massmediekampanjer2009In: Nordisk Alkohol- och Narkotikatidskrift, ISSN 1455-0725, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 5-19Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Karlsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Effects of psychosocial interventions on behavioural problems in youth: A close look at Cochrane and Campbell reviews2017In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 177-187Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research indicates that a number of psychosocial interventions are effective for reducing behavioural problems in youth. These interventions are now often included on best practice lists aiming to facilitate informed treatment choices among practitioners. However, analyses in neighbouring research areas have highlighted serious shortcomings in how primary studies are analysed and how studies are synthesised in research reviews. This study took a closer look at the evidence of efficacy for psychosocial interventions that aim to reduce behavioural problems in youth, as shown in systematic research reviews by the Cochrane and the Campbell Collaborations (n = 8). The findings suggest a bias towards overemphasising the efficacy of the interventions in several reviews, an over-confidence in the validity of the findings in some reviews and, overall, a somewhat uncertain evidence base for the efficacy of the interventions. Systematic reviews are crucial for summarising research but more attention to methodological issues may be needed in this area.

  • 38.
    Karlsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Procedures and claims among US evidence-producing organizations: the case of the Incredible Years programme2014In: Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, ISSN 1744-2648, E-ISSN 1744-2656, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 61-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We explore how four evidence-producing organisations in the US go ahead when they rate the evidence base for psychosocial interventions, using the Incredible Years programme as our case study. The findings demonstrate variation in the procedures and resulting evidence claims across the organisations, with some organisations being strict and some being permissive. The presence of such conflicting practices highlights central challenges for the evidence-based practice framework and its ambition of obtaining uniform evidence statements. We conclude that practitioners and policy makers should be aware of such variation in order to be able to make informed decisions regarding which programmes to use.

  • 39.
    von Greiff, Ninive
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Skogens, Lisa
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Berlin, Marie
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Mortality and Cause of DeathA 30-Year Follow-Up of Substance Misusers in Sweden2018In: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 53, no 12, p. 2043-2051Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: This article presents a 30-year follow-up study of a cohort of 1163 substance misusers who were in inpatient treatment in the early 1980s. Data was originally collected in the Swedish Drug Addict Treatment Evaluation (SWEDATE). Objectives: The aim is to examine the overall mortality and identify causes of death in different groups based on self-reported most dominant substance misuse among those who have died during January 1984-December 2013. Methods: SWEDATE-data was linked to the National Cause of Death Register. Five mutually exclusive study groups were created based on self-reported most dominant substance misuse for the last 12 months before intake to treatment: Alcohol, Cannabis, Stimulants, Opiates, and Other. The Standardized Mortality Ratio (SMR) was calculated. Results: During the follow-up, 40% died. SMR is 10.3 for women and 11.7 for men. The study groups differed regarding SMR; 13.1 in the Alcohol group, 9.2 in the Cannabis group, 9.6 in the Stimulants group, 16.7 in the Opiates group and 10.8 in the Other group. Drug related death was the most common cause of death (28% only underlying, 19% both underlying and contributing) followed by alcohol related reasons (17% vs. 9%). Conclusions: Alcohol misuse among substance abusers might have a negative impact on mortality rates. Methodological changes in how drug related deaths is registered affects the interpretation of the statistics of cause of death. Further analysis on the relation between drug related cause of death and drug misuse related death is needed.

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