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  • 1.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    A reasonable cost?:  On politics, dubious calculations and involuntary consumers2010Inngår i: Nordisk Alkohol- og narkotikatidsskrift (NAT), ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Nordic studies on alcohol and drugs, Vol. 27, s. 335-337Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 2.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Den evidensbaserade praktikens gränser – om konsekvenserna av ”the Dodo bird verdict”2009Inngår i: Alkohol och Droger – samhällsvetenskapliga perspektiv. / [ed] Hübner, L. & Billinger K., Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2009Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Den vetenskapliga grunden för psykosocial missbruksbehandling2010Inngår i: Socionomens forskningssupplement, nr 28, s. 20-27Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 4.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Drug misuse - psychosocial interventions2009Inngår i: Addiction, ISSN 0965-2140, E-ISSN 1360-0443, ISSN 0965-2140, Vol. 104, nr 4, s. 676-677Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 5.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Interpretation of the outcome of the COMBINE study2008Inngår i: Addiction, Vol. 103, nr 5, s. 710-710Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 6.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Koloss på lerfötter?:  Svagt empiriskt stöd för Missbruksutredningens förslag (SOU 2011:35)2011Inngår i: Nordisk Alkohol- og narkotikatidsskrift (NAT), ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, Vol. 28, nr 4, s. 393-396Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 7.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Medikalisering som evidensbasering – om nedmonteringen av ett socialt perspektiv på missbruksproblem.2014Inngår i: Tre decennier med socialtänstlagen / [ed] Ulla Pettersson, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2014, 1Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 8.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Mindfulness training: specific intervention or psychological panacea?2010Inngår i: Addiction, ISSN 0965-2140, E-ISSN 1360-0443, Vol. 105, nr 10, s. 1708-1709Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 9.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
     Mécanismes d’action spécifiques et généraux des triatements2011Inngår i: Le Papier de verre, Vol. 25, s. 45-52Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 10.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Om evidensbasering, kunskapsöversikter och psykosociala mekanismer2008Inngår i: Forskningsmetodik för socialvetare, Natur & Kultur, Stockholm , 2008, s. 203-219Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 11.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Om medikaliseringen av svensk missbrukarvård2012Inngår i: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 19, nr 3-4, s. 232-242Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste 10 åren har propåerna om en radikal omorganisering av svensk missbrukarvård vuxit sig allt starkare. Den allmänna inriktningen hos dessa påtryckningar har utgjorts av en medikalisererande argumentation beträffande den vetenskapliga kunskapen om missbruk och behandling: I denna artikel granskas några av medikaliseringsdiskursens mest centrala argument.

  • 12.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    On the idea of treatment systems2010Inngår i: Nordisk Alkohol- og narkotikatidsskrift (NAT), ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 27, nr 6, s. 565-573Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 13.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    On treatment mechanisms – what can we learn from the COMBINE study?2008Inngår i: Addiction, Vol. 103, nr 5, s. 703-705Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 14.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Specific and contextual treatment mechanisms2008Inngår i: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, Vol. 25, nr 4, s. 285-293Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 15.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    The role of psychopathology as motivator for drug dependency—some moderating remarks2013Inngår i: Addiction, ISSN 0965-2140, E-ISSN 1360-0443, Vol. 108, nr 4, s. 673-674Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 16.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Topiramate and the question of dosage2009Inngår i: Addiction, Vol. 104, nr 10, s. 1767-1768Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 17.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    'Treating cannabis use disorders: perspectives and best practices2008Inngår i: A cannabis reader: global issues and local experiences, EMCDDA, Lisbon , 2008, s. 205-215Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 18.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Bergmark, Åke
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Evidensbaserat socialt arbete.: Teori, kritik, praktik2011Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 19.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Bergmark, Åke
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    The mismatch between the map and the terrain: Evidence based practice in Sweden2012Inngår i: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 15, nr 4, s. 596-607Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we will give an account of the introduction of evidence-based practice (EBP) in Swedish social work. The Swedish development may serve as an example of what happens when the process is driven by bureaucracy with a strong public funding/back-up rather than by the academy. This is not to say that the Swedish case is unique, but rather that problems and controversies that are well established on the international arena are in Sweden framed in a very particular context. The most far reaching efforts to implement EBP in Swedish social work have been carried out by central bureaucracy. The introduction of EBP may be depicted as a top-down guideline project, with randomized controlled trials as the gold standard. Shortage of evidence paired with political pressure to implement EBP has to a certain extent also brought about dissolution of the basic concept. The article concludes with an elaborated assessment of how current conceptions of EBP relates to professional and contextual conditions of Swedish social work practice. We also address the issue of how to establish what adequate and valid evidence is by suggesting an approach that deviates from predominant evidence hierarchies and polarized extremes.

  • 20. Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Att studera rörliga mål. Om villkoren för evidens och kunskapsproduktion i socialt arbete2007Inngår i: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, Vol. 14, nr 1, s. 77-82Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 21.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Divergent perspectives on the Dodo bird? A comment to Mullen, Shuluk and Soydan2012Inngår i: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 54-55Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 22.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Evidensbaserad praktik i svenskt socialt arbete.: Om ett programs mottagande, förändringar och möjligheter i en ny omgivning.2011Inngår i: Evidensens många ansikten: Evidensbaserad praktik i praktiken / [ed] Bohlin, I. & Sager, M., lund: Arkiv , 2011Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 23.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Evidensfrågan och socialtjänsten - om socialarbetares inställning till en vetenskapligt grundad praktik2008Inngår i: Socionomen: Socionomens forskningssupplement, nr 3, s. 5-14Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 24.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Konflikt, kontroll, evidens: om forskningsanvändning 20 år senare2009Inngår i: Den berusade båten: En vänbok till Sune Sunesson / [ed] Eliasson-Lappalainen, R, Meeuwisse, A & Panican, A, Lund: Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2009Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 25.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Mot en evidensbaserad praktik? Om färdriktningen i socialt arbete2006Inngår i: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, Vol. 13, s. 99-113Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 26.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Socialstyrelsen, dronten och den evidensbaseradepraktiken2011Inngår i: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, nr 3, s. 244-251Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 27.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Svaga argument gentemot Drontens dom - Ett svar till Knut Sundell2012Inngår i: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 49-51Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 28.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Oscarsson, Lars
    Om legitimitet och etik inom missbruksvården2009Inngår i: Etik och socialtjänst: om förutsättningarna för det sociala arbetets etik / [ed] Ulla Pettersson, Stockholm: Gothia , 2009, 3Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 29.
    Bergmark, Anders
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Skogens, Lisa
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    von Greiff, Ninive
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    The pursuit of evidence-based practice - a comparison of three guidelines on psychosocial interventions for alcohol problems2014Inngår i: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 31, nr 3, s. 271-288Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims

    In this article we scrutinise three prominent guidelines on psychosocial interventions for alcohol problems. We pay special attention to how congruent the guidelines are in terms of the interventions recommended, and the processes used in order to identify and rank the “evidence” underpinning these recommendations.

    Data

    The analysed guidelines are: 1) Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients with Substance Use Disorders, American Psychiatric Association (2006); 2) Alcohol-Use Disorders. The NICE Guideline on Diagnosis, Assessment and Management of Harmful Drinking and Alcohol Dependence (2011), National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health, UK; 3) Guidelines for the Treatment of Alcohol Problems, Australian Government, Department of Health and Ageing (2009). The purpose is not to review the three guidelines as such, but to study them as an example of the production of evidence. All report to be based on “best available evidence”, so the guidelines were compared both regarding the actual recommendations and the guideline production procedures and differences in these procedures with related consequences.

    Results & CONCLUSIONS

    Prestigious organisations in different national contexts have reached divergent conclusions about evidence-based practice and the quality of the scientific studies underpinning these conclusions. Differences in the guidelines regarding interpretations, limitations and grading illustrate the difficulties with the dilemmas of sensitivity (to include factors that are significant for how a psychological intervention is to be judged) and specificity (that irrelevant studies are cleared off) in the recommendations presented.

  • 30.
    Bergmark, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    The diffusion of addiction to the field of MMORPGs2009Inngår i: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, Vol. 26, nr 4, s. 415-426Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 31.
    Bergmark, Karin H.
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Findahl, Olle
    Extensive Internet Involvement—Addiction or Emerging Lifestyle?2011Inngår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 8, nr 12, s. 4488-4501Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the discussions for the future DSM-5, the Substance-Related Disorders Work Group has been addressing “addiction-like” behavioral disorders such as “Internet addiction” to possibly be considered as potential additions for the diagnostic system. Most research aiming to specify and define the concept of Internet addiction (or: Excessive/Compulsive/Problematic Internet Use—PIU), takes its point of departure in conventional terminology for addiction, based in established DSM indicators. Still, it is obvious that the divide between characteristics of addiction and dimensions of new lifestyles built on technological progress is problematic and far from unambiguous. Some of these research areas are developing from the neurobiological doctrine of addiction as not being tied to specific substances. The concept of “behavioral addictions”, based on biological mechanisms such as the reward systems of the brain, has been launched. The problems connected to this development are in this study discussed and reflected with data from a Swedish survey on Internet use (n = 1,147). Most Swedes (85%) do use the Internet to some degree. The prevalence of excessive use parallels other similar countries. Respondents in our study spend (mean value) 9.8 hours per week online at home, only 5 percent spend more than 30 hours per week. There are both positive and negative social effects at hand. Many respondents have more social contacts due to the use of Internet, but there is a decline in face-to-face contacts. About 40% of the respondents indicate some experience of at least one problem related to Internet use, but only 1.8% marked the presence of all problems addressed. Most significant predictors for problem indicators, except for age, relate to “time” and time consuming activities such as gaming, other activities online or computer skills.

  • 32.
    Bergmark, Karin H.
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Stensson, Einar
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Internet Addiction: The Making of a New Addiction2016Inngår i: Jacobs Journal of Addiction and Therapy, ISSN 2376-8983, Vol. 3, nr 1, artikkel-id 022Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The body of Internet addiction research articles has grown rapidly during the last years. Critics claim that the bulk of this research is more confirmatory than scrutinizing, in spite of weak evidence for the label of addiction. A study on excessive Internet use in Sweden has been cited repeatedly in Internet addiction studies. The present study takes a closer look at these citations and combines the presentation with a systematic review of methods and theoretical approaches in Internet addiction studies, published between January 2000 and July 2013.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 33.
    Karlsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Compared with what? An analysis of control group typies in Cochrane and Campbell reviews of psychosocial treatment efficacy with substance use disorders2015Inngår i: Addiction, ISSN 0965-2140, E-ISSN 1360-0443, Vol. 110, nr 3, s. 420-428Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and Aims

    A crucial, but under-appreciated, aspect in experimental research on psychosocial treatments of substance use disorders concerns what kinds of control groups are used. This paper examines how the distinction between different control group designs has been handled by the Cochrane and the Campbell Collaborations in their systematic reviews of psychosocial treatments of substance abuse disorders.

    Methods

    We assessed Cochrane and Campbell reviews (n = 8) that were devoted to psychosocial treatments of substance use disorders. We noted what control groups were considered and analysed the extent to which the reviews provided a rationale for chosen comparison conditions. We also analysed whether type of control group in the primary studies influenced how the reviews framed the effects discussed and whether this was related to conclusions drawn.

    Results

    The reviews covered studies involving widely different control conditions. Overall, little attention was paid to the use of different control groups (e.g. head-to-head comparisons vs. untreated controls) and what this implies when interpreting effect sizes. Seven of eight reviews did not provide a rationale for the choice of comparison conditions.

    Conclusions

    Cochrane- and Campbell reviews of the efficacy of psychosocial interventions with substance use disorders seem to underappreciate that use of different control group types yields different effect estimates. Most reviews have not distinguished between different control group designs and therefore have provided a confused picture regarding absolute and relative treatment efficacy. A systematic approach to treating different control group designs in research reviews is necessary for meaningful estimates of treatment efficacy.

  • 34.
    Karlsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Evidence-based practice - anything goes?2012Inngår i: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 29, nr 3, s. 281-282Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 35.
    Karlsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Nya grepp i preventionsarbetet?: En granskning av Alkoholkommitténs och Mobilisering mot Narkotikas massmediekampanjer2009Inngår i: Nordisk Alkohol- och Narkotikatidskrift, ISSN 1455-0725, Vol. 26, nr 1, s. 5-19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 36.
    Karlsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Effects of psychosocial interventions on behavioural problems in youth: A close look at Cochrane and Campbell reviews2017Inngår i: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 177-187Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Research indicates that a number of psychosocial interventions are effective for reducing behavioural problems in youth. These interventions are now often included on best practice lists aiming to facilitate informed treatment choices among practitioners. However, analyses in neighbouring research areas have highlighted serious shortcomings in how primary studies are analysed and how studies are synthesised in research reviews. This study took a closer look at the evidence of efficacy for psychosocial interventions that aim to reduce behavioural problems in youth, as shown in systematic research reviews by the Cochrane and the Campbell Collaborations (n = 8). The findings suggest a bias towards overemphasising the efficacy of the interventions in several reviews, an over-confidence in the validity of the findings in some reviews and, overall, a somewhat uncertain evidence base for the efficacy of the interventions. Systematic reviews are crucial for summarising research but more attention to methodological issues may be needed in this area.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 37.
    Karlsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Lundström, Tommy
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Procedures and claims among US evidence-producing organizations: the case of the Incredible Years programme2014Inngår i: Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice, ISSN 1744-2648, E-ISSN 1744-2656, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 61-76Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We explore how four evidence-producing organisations in the US go ahead when they rate the evidence base for psychosocial interventions, using the Incredible Years programme as our case study. The findings demonstrate variation in the procedures and resulting evidence claims across the organisations, with some organisations being strict and some being permissive. The presence of such conflicting practices highlights central challenges for the evidence-based practice framework and its ambition of obtaining uniform evidence statements. We conclude that practitioners and policy makers should be aware of such variation in order to be able to make informed decisions regarding which programmes to use.

  • 38.
    Skogens, Lisa
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    von Greiff, Ninive
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Berlin, Marie
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    A 30-year follow-up of substnace misusers in Sweden – differences and predictors of mortality between women and men2019Inngår i: Addiction Research and Theory, ISSN 1606-6359, E-ISSN 1476-7392, Vol. 27, nr 4, s. 328-336Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Differing results on gender specific factors related to mortality risks among substance misusers highlights the need for further research. The present article is based on a 30-year follow-up study on substance misusers treated in residential care for drug problems in Sweden in 1982-1983 aiming to identify and compare gender differences in predictors of mortality.

    Method: Original data consists of personal interviews with 1163 substance misusers treated in inpatient units in Sweden during 1982-1983. The outcome variable is death retrieved from the National Cause of Death Register held by the National Board of Health and Welfare. Gender differences and similarities regarding predictors of mortality was estimated in univariate and multivariate models, using Cox proportional hazards models.

    Results: School failure, imprisonment and being a parent without custody of the child seem to constitute risk factors for mortality among women, but not among men. A social network of friends seemed to be more important for men. Treatment-dropout was a significant risk factor for premature death among men, but not among women. Both gender reporting alcohol as their self-reported most dominant substance misuse showed higher mortality risks compared with those with stimulants as dominant substance misuse.

    Conclusions: Imprisonment was highly predictive of mortality for the women, suggesting that this group is important to pay particular attention to. Suggested differences in the importance of social factors need to be investigated more thoroughly. The substantial hazard revealed for women with polydrug misuse including alcohol calls for attention to this in treatment for substance misuse.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 39.
    von Greiff, Ninive
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Skogens, Lisa
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Berlin, Marie
    Bergmark, Anders
    Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Mortality and Cause of DeathA 30-Year Follow-Up of Substance Misusers in Sweden2018Inngår i: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 53, nr 12, s. 2043-2051Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: This article presents a 30-year follow-up study of a cohort of 1163 substance misusers who were in inpatient treatment in the early 1980s. Data was originally collected in the Swedish Drug Addict Treatment Evaluation (SWEDATE). Objectives: The aim is to examine the overall mortality and identify causes of death in different groups based on self-reported most dominant substance misuse among those who have died during January 1984-December 2013. Methods: SWEDATE-data was linked to the National Cause of Death Register. Five mutually exclusive study groups were created based on self-reported most dominant substance misuse for the last 12 months before intake to treatment: Alcohol, Cannabis, Stimulants, Opiates, and Other. The Standardized Mortality Ratio (SMR) was calculated. Results: During the follow-up, 40% died. SMR is 10.3 for women and 11.7 for men. The study groups differed regarding SMR; 13.1 in the Alcohol group, 9.2 in the Cannabis group, 9.6 in the Stimulants group, 16.7 in the Opiates group and 10.8 in the Other group. Drug related death was the most common cause of death (28% only underlying, 19% both underlying and contributing) followed by alcohol related reasons (17% vs. 9%). Conclusions: Alcohol misuse among substance abusers might have a negative impact on mortality rates. Methodological changes in how drug related deaths is registered affects the interpretation of the statistics of cause of death. Further analysis on the relation between drug related cause of death and drug misuse related death is needed.

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